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title: 'Salt River journal. (Bowling Green, Mo.) 1833-1841, August 08, 1840, Image 2',
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Third, That the great ' causes of hard
times in this country are and have been over
trading and over-banking. And
Fourtli, That the tendency of every lead
ing measure of the present and of the late
administration, with the single exception or
the State deposit? system (tried, found want
ing, abandoned and picked up by the whigs)
is an J has been to check over-traJing and
over banking; and therefore to preserve the
country from Hard Time?.
V I- D. O.
Postscript, It may be interesting to those
whose recollections do not extend so far back
& have not access to the documents to know
the actual prices paid for western staples,
under the U. S. Bank.
InNiles's Register, December lC2J(t!ic
U. States Bank :hen five years in operation,)
we find quoted
Flour ' - - $2 12
' Hams - - 5 cents
Iimi - - II cents
Pork ' - - - 11 cents
The Cincinnati Prices Current supply the
following, in 1826 and 1827, under John
Quincy Adams, and alter the U. S. Bank had
been in operation 10 and 1 1 vears.
April 1, 1826. Mess Pork ' 8
Flour 3 0G
July 15, 1826. Flour 2 12
Mess Pork 9
Bacon Hams 4 to 6 cts.
April 28, 1827. Mess Pork 8
Hams 5 to 6 cts.
' Lard 4 to 5 cts,
Bostoi June 19, 1810.
Sir- I was present, as a spectator, in the
Convention of Abolitionists, MA at the
Melodeon, in Boston, the 27 th of May last.
to nominate Electors for President, &c, of
which Convention you were a member. 1
heard you state that the Convention of the
Abolition Society for Hampden County,
(which was held the latter part of January
in Springfield.) passed resolutions against
General Harrison, and that thereupon Mr.
Wm B Calhoun, member of Congress from
your district, had written home a letter from
Washington, to convince the ablotior.ists
that they were wrong in opposing Harrison
and that you had seen it. That copies were
handed privately round among the aboli
tionists by the whigs. That Mr. Calhoun
stated in his letter, in substance, that Gener
al Harrison was trith u(the abolitionists),
and would go all lengths, and that he, Mr.
Calhoun, had this from authority, which was
understood to mean General Harrison him
self. But at the end of the letter was this ternark
-make such use of this as you think best, but do
not lei it gel into the pipers." Thai thisictler was
tent by amember of Congress, to induce us (ab
olitionists) to believe that Harrison wasanabo-
Iitiontst ' and ought to receive our support
and that it was wrong to deceive us, if it was
not so. : You also alluded to a letter to the
same effect from a great man in Ohio, but
you never could see it. It was to be kept
from the press.
' You also said, when called upon fr your
authority for stating that General Harrison
was nprofane swearer, that Rev. David Root,
of Northampton, formerly of Ohio, would
give his oath that when in company with
General Harrison, he had heard him swear
so prafanely, that he was compelled to leave
him in disgust.
Having had a conversation with Rev. Mr
Phe os and Mr George Russell, the former f
whom Was present in the Convention, and
learning that you would not state what you !
had not foundation for. from vonr known !
character for integrity, 1 take the liberty
inquire whether the above is a correct report
otyour remarks, in the Convention; and also
whether you can identify the letter or letters
refered to, and which, I understand, Mr
Calhoun now attempts to deny the existence
of, since General Harrison's letter to Mr
Lyons, of Virginia, of June 1, in which he re
affirms his Vincen nes and 4th of July speech
es Please answer this, and state further any
facts you know respecting the use made of
that letter, nnd its impression upon your
Your obedient servant,
B. F. HALLETT.
To Rev. A. Brown.
Nnrthhamptan, Mass., June 30,1840,
Mr B. F. Hallelt: Sir, Your letter of j
.L - tft I ' . . f
me tain instant is oeiore me. Duties con
sequent to my profession have prevented
my giving it so early a reply as 1 could have
wished, and will now compel me to be brief.
Indeed, were it not that my name has been
pushed into an unexpected notoriety and by
many branded with odium, I should decline
saying anything upon the subject which has
led to so frequent reference to me.
You must be aware that the fact of my
answering the letter of a promninent demo
crat, with a knowledge that it may be pub
lished' will be held up by the whig party as
an evidence of my secretly being engaged
in plotting to aid the re-election of Mr Van
Buren. - I ought, therefore, to state that I
never did vote, and unless I am very much
deceived, never shall vote for him for the
first office in this nation. On the contrary,
ia 1836, 1 voted for William Henry Harrison
for President. At this time I am opposed
to the election of either him or Mr Van Bu
I should readily have answered the in
quiries you propound had they been made by
a whig, but the whig editors, so far as I have
seen, have . thought proper lo assume the
authenticitj of the statements published as
mine in the Boston .democratic, papers, and
have charged me with falsehood without once
inquiring., if my remarks were correctly re
potted. . 1 am thus, forced to conclude, that
they wish the matter'to rest where jt i.
I have carefully examined the report of
my remarks made at the late Abolition Con
vention in your city, as Given in your letter
before me, and unhesitatingly say that ur
report is substantially correct. Imay nat have
used the exact expressions which are attribu
ted to me m your letter; neither do I sup
pose that any one in the convention under'
stood me as using the exact words of Mr.
Calhoun's letter; but I did intend to give the
fentiments of the letter, and of his con
fident d friend, Judge Morris. Your report,
as given in the letter before me, does express
the sentiments which I ietended to utter, and
which I have no doubt 1 did uter upon that
Permit me, in addition, to state a few facts
respecting that mysterious letter.
1. The reasons why the letter was writ
ten The Hampden County Abolition Socie
ty, at its annual meeting, on the 24th o
January 1840. passed a resolution declar
"That no abolitionist can give his vote
for either of these men for the office of Presi
dent of the United States, without a good
evidence of a fundamenta change in their
former views and practices on this sub
Judge Morris r.Ucaded that meeting, made
two or three speeches in favor of General
Harrison, manifested great indignation that
ministers of the Gospel should enture to
interfere with whig politic, tc. tc, al
though he appeared to have no objections to
theiropposingMr. Van Buren. The resolu
tion passed, and at the close of the meeting
there was no small stir among some of the
whig?, Judge Morris seemed particularly ir
ritated, and several of us, who were actue in
procuring the passage ol the resolution, were
denounced as "political judders," as persons
who prostituted the sncred oliire of the minis
try for the purpose of promoting the election
of Martin Van Buren.
Judge Morris was qiti'e busy with certain
abolithnists, assuring them G.iner.d Harri
son would do moreor the abolition of shive
ry than .Mr an uuren. Whether Judge
Morris, or sonic oilier person, wrote to Mr
Cuihouu concerning the proceedings of the
meeting; or whether he received his informa
tion through the Springfield Gazette, or by
both these channels, I am unable to say; but
from one or both these sources Mr Calhoun
did receive his information. 1 am positive
of this, because the proccdings f that ineet-
ng were not published in any athtion piper.
after or about the time of the date of Mr
Culhotn's letter. I think it is plain Mr Cal
houn did wriip th:it letter tn allay any op
position to General Harrison which might
arise inconsequence of the resolution atmve
2. 77o Idler itself. I shall not attemr t
to give the precise language of the letter.
There is in it an acknowledgement that the
writer (Mr Calhoun) hnd received inltnin
tion respecting certain resolutions pnssed by
the IlampJen County Abolition Society,
touching the pro-slavery iews and practices
of Harrison. The writer thought they were
uncalled for at the prosent time. He said
General Harrison joined an'4 Emancipation
Society" (emancipation was the word in
stead ofabol ition, as some of the papers have
had it) at the age of 18 yeass, or tl at the
General had been a member ol an emancipa
t ion society since he was 18 years of age,
For fi is reason Mr Calhoun wrote he (Gen
11 arrisoni felt bounu to no all he coulh
"ally fou the cause of F.mancipatiov, and
- ert:iinly could not h ive labored to extend
slavery. I ne whole tenor of the letter wis
0cnlcKlatcd lo allay the fears of those aboli
tiomsts who confided in the integrity and
discernment of Mr Calhoun, and thereby lead
then to vote fur Ucneral Il-imson. In
conclusion there was permission to ue the
letter as Judge Morris should see fit, with the
exception of putting it in the papers.
I myself saw the identical letter I heard
it read, and have in mv possession en fence
in writing, under Judge Morris's own hand,
that he did read to me such a letter. The
foregoing facts cannot be denied, and for a
full verification I call upon Judge Morris, or
Mr Calhoun, to publish the letter, and let it
speak lor itself.
3. The prrson lo whom the l-.tti'.i vis writ
ten. It was written to the Hon- O. B. Mor-
ris, an acting Judge in Hunplen County, a
professed chris ian and regular member of
the congregational church; a man for whose
word hi friends claim a kind of scinctity; a
man of great and extensive influence; a man
WHO PROFESSES TO BEAN ABOLITI ' NIST. who
pubf cly avowed him elf as such in the Hamp
den County Abolition Society, hidden at
Springfield, on the evening of the 24 ih of
January, 1840; a man, in short, who, above
all others in II impden County, could, would,
ana am, oesi "use the letter lor the pur
pose f r which it was clearly designed.
4. The use muds oj the letter. The letter
was shown to those persons opposed to slave
ry, to whom it would answer to show such a
letter, and especially to those who could make
use of its information to influence others.
Judge Morris showed me the letter for the
txpress purpose of convincing me that 1 ought
to support the claims of Gen. Harrison to the
presidency. While in IlampJen County, I
very frequently heard of what Mr Calhoun
had written home, and I have no doubt that
the substance of the letter was made use of
for the purpose of securing the votes of the.
abolitionists for Gen. Harrison.
5. Mr Calhoun gave his information from
authority, which, as subsequent letters of the
same gentleman to the Globe and Intelligen
cer, prove, I correctly inferred to be Gen.
ABEL BROWN. .
GEN. HARRISON'S VERACITY.
We beg all those who love truth and prin
ciple to follow us while we trace the devious
course of the Federal Whig candidate for
the Presidency during the last few months
in relation to the Abolition of slavery.
When a candidate for Congress in 1822,
he made the following declaration in a print
ed 'address to the public," viz:
"I am accused of being friendly to slavery.
From my earliest youth to the present mo
ment, 1 have been the vrdc.nl friend of hu
man liberty. At the age of 1 8, became u
member of an Abolition society, established
at Richmond, Virginia; the object of which
was to ameliorate the condition of slaves,
and procure their freedom by every legal
On the 4th of February, 1840, a letter
from Gen. Harrison was shown to the Hon.
W. B. Calhoun, of the House of Repre
sentatives, of which he gives the following
account in his note to Messrs. Gales and
Skaton, dated the 12th of June last, viz:
"The letter of General Harrison referred
to in my note, was a short one, and consisted
exclusively of a response to this inquiry:
Is it true that General Harrison, whilst Gov
ernor of Indiana, did make an eflbrt to in
troduce slavery into that Territory? This
inquiry he responds to in the same terms
which ho used in replying to the same ques
lion eighteen yrars ago, in the 'Address to the
Public,' also referred to in my note."
It is well known that the letter of Gen
Hakrisox referred to in this extract, was ad
dressed to the Hon. George Evans, member
of Congress from Maine, and was undoubt
edly dated in the month of January last.
The "Address to the Pullic,' referred to by
Mr. Calhoun, is the same from which we
nave quoted a ive. As Lenerul Harrison,
in his letter to Mr. Evans, employed "the
same tekSis which he used" in that address,
he said, in writing in the month of January,
1810. that when only eighteen years old, he
"became a memb-r of an Abolition society es
tablished at Richmond, Ya.n
la his letter to Governor Owen, of North
Carolina, dated February 19, 1840, General
Harrison uses the following language, iz:
"You ask me whether I nine am, or ever
hnv. been been, a member of an Aboli ion so
cirti. " a.w,r derisirelu, no."
The editor of the Philanthropist, published
in Cincinnati, in his paper of the 30th ult.
makes the following statement, viz:
'In two interviews we had with General
Harrison on this reject, about four months
SIGC?, ne W; S . n:on lii niire n llint lie
ad himself belonged to an 'Abolition socie
ty' in Ri hniond, Va. He did not hesitate
about the phrase; he did not use any other."
'ANili'ifii s.Kjiety seemed the
which he knew or cared to know."
Four months prior to the 30th of June last
carries bavk the d tte whn Gen. Harrison
made these declaration, to about the first
of March last.
I'.i me lUihoi April last, lien. Il irrson
said to C.q.t. Wm. Chambers and C. Van
it a .a
huskikk, i.i i. who were rearers ol a letter
from :!.e I)i inK-ratic commi'tee for the stale
f Ken'ncky, asking, nmon-j other thing, for
his oiiinion -n Abolitionism. "zf wtthing
could in lure hi n to ansirer such interro'ralo
ries, cither from friends or foes.""
On the 17:h April, only one short week
thereafter, he wrote a letter to A. G. Hf.nrt,
of Springfield. III. which was used al the
time id the Whig convention at that place,
to s itisly the Abolitionists, and was after
wards lead in part to Dr. Isaac S. Berri
of Vandalia, ami others, to satisfy them that
he had been explicit on the subject of slave
ry. This letter, if it could Ik; seen would
no doubt, like that to Mr. Evans, be found
to repeat the old story of having joined an
Abolition society at the age of eighteen.
Finally, in his letter to Mr. Ltons, dated
on the 1st June last. Gen. Harrison savs:
" In answer to the inquiry, why I used
the word 'abolition,' in designatnig asociety
of which 1 was a member in Richmond, in
the year 1731, instead of the word 'humane,'
which is known lobe the one by which the
society was really distinguished, all that
can say upon the subject is, that if I did re
ally term it an Abolition society, n fict which
I can still hardly believe, for I have nt
heen ahle to see the paper containing mv
address to the people of the district in 1822 1
it must have been from forgetfijlness, which
might easily happen after a lapse of 31
This caps the climax! After using "the
same terns, the terms "Abolition society,
in his letter to Mr. Evans of January last.
as were employed in his address of 1822; af
ter about the 1st ol March, employing on
two occasions the terms "Abolition society,"
using no other phrase to describe it; after,
on thel7h April, writing something of the
same tenor to Mr. Henry of Springfield, Illi
nois; he now can "hardly believ" that in
1 822 he udid really term it an Abolition' so
cielij" at all!!
If it wero probable that after a lapse of
thirty-one years he could lorgef, and apply
a wrong name to the Richmond society, is it
possible that he could have forgotten what he
had repeatedly called it within the prece
ding five months? And when his address of
1822 had for months been paraded in the
newspapers by both friends and foes, who
believes that the General had not been able
to set his eyes on it t so late a day as the
1st of June last? If this be true, he must
have vigilant keepers?
In -January, Gen. Harrison tells MK
Evans, that he belonged to an Abolition so
ciety when only eighteen years of age.
In February, he tells Governor Owen that
he had never belonged to any such society.
In March, he tells the'editorol the Philan
thropist repeatedly that he had belonged to
an Auontion society.
On the 10th April, nothing can induce
him to answer any interrogatories about it,
coming Irom friends or toes!
On the I7th April, he answers the interro
gatories of his friend at Springfield, Illinois
repeating, no doubt, the same story of his be
longing to an Abolition sociey.
And on the 1st June, in his letter to Mr.
Lyons, he can u hardly believe"" that he has
ever used the term Abolition society at all to
designate the assoctation to which he belong
Could the most drunken lover of hard ci
der be guilty of more gross prevarication?
In his letter to Mr. Evans, the General
says, don't publish tt.
In his letter to Mr. Henry, he says don't
In his letter to Mr. Lvons, he says don t
And his ."Confidential Committee" say, in
their Oswego letter, dated Feb. 29lh, 1840,
the policy of the committee is
"That the general m ikt no further decla
ration of his principles FOR TIIF PUBLIC
EY E whilst occupying his present position.11
lo this policy the General has stricll ad
hered in all his letters since written, as far
as any knowledge of them has come to the
public They have all been written only for
M ny wag this " lUl-HJ X adopted r 1 he
reason is palpable. It was TO MAKE
FALSEHOOD EFFECTIVE by criculating
it in private, and avoid the. consequence of
such an eposureas tee noic make:
Will any lover of truth vote for this man?
MORE OF IT.
In his letter to the Hon. Jos. L. Williams,
dated May 28, 1840, puplished in the Nation
al Intelligencer, General Harrison says:
"All the connection which 1 have ever
had with the Corresponding Committee
of the Whigs of Hamilton county, (that
which I suppose had heen alluded to) is, that
I requested the committee, through its chair
man, M ijor G wynne, to give the inlormation
nought for, in some of the numerous letters
I receiveJ, in relation to my political opini
ons, and events in my past hie.
Now see what he says in his speech at
Columbus, Ohio, a short time afterwad, viz:
"lliave no commit tee, fellow-citizens,
confidential or other. It is true that I em
ployed inv friend Major Gwvnne to aid me
in returning replies to some of the numerous
questions propounded tome by letters. But
to such only as any man could answer, one
as well as another. .
" But it seems that Major Gwvnne was
chairman of a committee of the citizens of
Cincinnati or of Hamilton county. When
the famous Oswego letter was received, it
was read, and as usual with such letters, 1
endorsed it and handed it to Major Gwvnne.
But it seems, when the answer was prepared.
it was signed also by his colleagues of the
county or city committee. Of nil this I new
nothing nor in their capacity of committee,
hail they any thing to do w ill) my letters."
In hi leit. tnGereralsavs he "requested
THE COMMITTEE, through its chai.r
man, Maj. G wynne, to give, the in fonnaivm
sought fn ia some of the numerous letters J
reo-i'el."' In hit sp-ech he sas: "Of all
this I knew aotfiins: nor in their capacity
of commits. HAD TH E Y ANY THING
TO DO WITH MY LETTER!!"
A proper candidate this for the party
with lUt principles! Ex. Globe.
From the. Ilalrigh Standard.
A QUESTION ANSWERED.
The "Whigs" have pretended that Har
rison's merits are now undervalued by his
opponents, while in former days they were
duly appreciated. They have triumphantly
asked," What was said at that timeV
Alluding to the period when (they say) liar.
rison was in his glory. The following from
the rhiladelphia r reeman s Journal of No
vember 19, 1811, will answer the question of
the winggery about "what was said at the
"The news by yesterday's mail is not of
the most pleasing character. 1 he army un
JerGen. Harrison has been surprised and
butchered by the Indians. Why were they
surprised? liecause their commander wan
ted foresight The first requisite for a Gener
al. He could write childish letter to Gov
ernor Scott, and he built a fort! Yea, with
an army of 950 men, he suffered that army
to be surprised in their shirt tails! .n sight of j
the prop'-et s town, nnd butchered by three
or four hundred Indians headed by the very
same Indian to whom Gov. Harrison declar
de, in one of his leters to my dear Gov. Scott,
he would "now give an opjiortunity of prov
ing whether he was as good a warrior as he
pretended to be a saint."
The following toast was drank at the din
ner of the "Bachelors' Club." at the U. S.
Hotel, on the 4th of July, at Rochester.
The Ladies. Constantly invading our ter-
rnory ana inuucing aesertions irom our
i - . i f
ranks: May every member of "our club'
be on the alert to take the fair culprits and'
bring them to trial, and when thev come to
court may they join issue and never be non
suited. A Mistake corrected An orator hold
ing forth in favor of"dear divine women."
concluded thus H)h?my hearers, depend
upon it, nothing beats a good wife." "1 beg
your pardon," replied one of his auditors, "a
bad husband does.
Another Whio Victort! A lady in Bal
timore recently had three fine boys at one
birth, and has named them William. Henrv
and Harrison. Picayune.
THE BANKER AND STAGEMAN.
A certain Bank President paid his fare for
250 miles in advance and wished to bs take a
Uuough as expeditiously as possible. All of
which the honest stageman intended to do;
but, after going 1C0 miles, he found that the
routes which tnere connected with his, had
been broken up through the pretended misfor
tune of several of the contractors. After
sitting; in the tavern rising two hours, anxious
j "ainuy ior we autge 10 oe anven up, ne
was informed of the true state of the case.
So seeking the stageman, he thus accosted
Driver I understand you are broke.' - .
"Pis false,' replied the driver, with much
emphasis, 'we have merely suspended.'
4 For how long?'
But can't you guess V .
4 Why, if I was to guess, I should say untflT
there was a general resumption throughout
the line!' -
Poor consolation, indeed. But how many
contractors are in all f
4 From a dozen to twenty.'
4 Is not Mr. B one of themf. :
VVo'l I ct...1.l ktr.l. Iia wn.ilil fl Ka lua
man to thus impose upon tbo public.
. lll A OIIVUIU MIIU& Ilk, . wvi.w w m.v .. . . . '
4 1 ou judge him correctly, ne would
gladly resume to morrow, if the rest would.
4 And what do the rest say v
4 Each one says he is ready when the oth-.
ersjare; and many say they won't resume
till Mr. U does.'
4 And what doe3 Mr. B- say to thisj
4 Why he says that he can wait as long as:
any of them.'
... .. .... .
llov discouraging! It 1 do not arrive at:
r in four days, I am undone, and my fam
ily too! Is there no other stage line in.this.
4 No sir, not within fifty miles.
4 Well then, bad as it is, my best course isr
to go bacc with you.
4 1 am sorry to say that you canjcao tt.
4 Why not"? are you broke tooP
4 No, sir, 1 tell you there is no breaking
about it. We have nly suspended.'.
4 But what means thisf
4 Vhv. sir if vou must know, we are ar
part'of a general system, whose interests are.
all the same. And it is no use lor two or
three contractors to stand out alone.'
' But have t ic coat.aitors givea you such
' Yes, sir, the v have just told me that a;
general suspension u;is t-tKen. place among:
p 1 ii i i
t j ic contractors and U:it t '.ey couia ao a uei--ter
business by stop;m!'
4 How can they do a Letter Dusiness py
hv. the price of horses has risen down;
east and they can do better by sending thern.
there to sell than by running stage nere unui
they get a chance to buy horses at a low
price again. In particular, as no one can.
get their lines here away from them.'
4 Well I see plainly that you arc au loos
ing out for vour own private interests and
do uot crc ho x much injury you inflict
upon the public. But just pay me back my
money and I will get hoiiid the best way I
4 Your money has been paid oer to the
contractors, sir, and here is their due bill lor
the I a'ance. good whenever the lines resume
4 But I want the money. I do not know
that I shall ever wish to travel on tliis route
4 You can't havet. Here's their due bill,
as good as the gold with men who have con
fidence in the line, and redeemable whenever
our-stage starts again.'
4This is abominable, rascally, knavish.
Did any one ever hear of such imposition T
'Hold stranger! B careful what you con
demn. They say you are a Batik President
If so, behold in these contractors' conduct,
as in a mirror, the knaveries of your clan.
Your Bank has taken thousands from domes-,
tic happiness and plenty to carry them speed
ily to unbounded enjoyment and affluence
and left them, as our stage left you on your
journey, worse than they were before. Your
Bank sells its specie whenever it can make
money thereby, to the detriment of the pub
lie as the selling of our horses injures you.
Your Banks pretended to be waiting for each
other the same as our contractors do, when,
they do not intend to resume so long as it is
for their interest to do otherwise, you wait
for Diddle and Biddle says he won't resume
till you do. When we send your bills U
you, you say you have suspended and promise
to pay on demand, as soon as you resume
Now we owe you the fare on the balance
oi vour tournev which we will not Im in v.
by promising to pav on demand, but it will
be paid whenever we resume, and we shall
resume when the rest do. Now Mr. Banker,
if theie is any thing wrong in this suspen
sion business, just remember that you first
set the example. And if our contractors.
are rascals and knaves, pray imform us in
wnai Kini or society you reckon yoursel?
As might be expected, the Banker sneaked
ofl indistinctly muttering some curse upon
"Gentlemen" said the Ohio Bug-bear in
his harangue on Wednesday evening 44 all
go to the polls. We have the hardest battle
before us that we have ever had, and although
we may think we are safe, yet I tell you it
is not so sort in. We may think the whole
world has turned whig r nd have i.. ten thought
so before, but some how or othor these den
ocrats always come out so strong on election
day, nobody can tell where they come fronj.
niey win tick us again it we don t look out
very sharp." That's a fact, Mr. Bug bear,
they will do iiIIarrisburg Magician, ;