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A. H. BUCKNER, Ewtoh. anb Proprietor.
VOL. 8 NUMBER 9.
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From the MiMouri Argus.
MISSOURI STATE LEGISLATURE.
Jefferson Citt, Nov. 26, 1 840.
Several reports from standing committees
were heard, and a great many bills introdu
ced. Tiie business of the House will now be
gone into with energy. Anion;! other lulls,
Mr. Bogy, ol St. Lonis, introduced one a
gai.ist betting on elections. It includes both
the belters and the stake-holders, and tines
both to the value of the money and property
bet. It also punishes by fine any person who
inav publish a bet, or assist in any way in
Mr. Ashby moved that it be rejected, but
withdrew his motion afterwards.
Several bills for state roads have been
brought in; one amendatory of the grocery
law; oue by Mr. Pipkin, amendatory of the
revenue law; one by Mr. Jackson, providing
for issuing new p itents in place of those de
stroyed at the. conflagration of the Capitol.
Mr. Wells said there were several mem
bers who had voted yesterday against the
indefinite postponement of Mr. McLean's
bill who would like to have an opportunity ol"
recording their votes so as to have their opin
ion n the subject more clearly understood.
As the vote stood on the journals it was ra
ther equivocal. Those against the indefinite
postponement might I.e hostile to the bill, or
might be friendly t it certainly some opp.
ed to the principle of the bill had so voted
merely becau-e they thought it unparliamen
tary "to despatch it so summarily. The le
was no necessity for being in a hurry in act
ing on it, and lie would move a re-consideration.
Mr. Mitchell I voted, Mr. Speaker, in
the affirmative, and f-.r indefinite postpone
ment, but a word f caution to my friend
from Lincoln: if that bill is hi ought upagtin
I warn him that it may In-come a law.
This operated as a wholesome adinoi.ition
on the House, and the motion to re-consider
Mr. McLean" bill to reduce tha salaries of
civil officers -f the State, was referred to the
committee ol the whole.
On motion of Mr. Hudspeth, it was order
ed that bills in relation to roads shall not be
printed a good thing that will save much
Mr. Bogy, of St. Iuis,gave notice of his
intention to introduce a bill to extend the
time for the redemption of lands sold for
Mr. Churchill introduced a bill to author
ize the Bink of Missouri to issue notes of
the denomination of five dollar, from the 1st
day of January, 1840, to the fu st day of Jan
Mr. Ashby moved that it be referred to
the committee on the Bank.
Mr. Churchill said that every bill should
be referred to a committee favorable to its
object. The Bank committee was unfavora
ble to 'his bill. He, therefore, asked a select
Mr. Wells approved of the latter reference,
as it was the course most agreeable to parlia
Mr. Redman admitted that it must, accor
ding to parliamentary usage, be referred to a
select committee, unless referred to a com
mittee of the whole. He preferred the lat
ter course. From his own knowledge, he
had no hesitation in saying that the committee
on the Bank would be opposed to the bill.
Mr. Churchill moved to dispense with the
rules, and have the bill read a third time by
Mr. Redman suggested that there was a
motion to refer to the commiilee of the
whole. The bill would doubtless give rise to
much comment, and various amendments, all
of which would encumber the journals, un
less the bill were examined in committee of
This reference was made.
The House then went into committee of
the whole, Mr. Fulkerson in the chair, and
took up Mr- McLean's bill for the reduction
nf the salaries of civil officers. Mr. Redman
moved that the committee recommend to the
House to reject the bill. He supported the
motion in some excellent remarks, which I
will give you at length. Mr. McLean made
a very wratby reply the rejoinder of Mr.
Redman effectually used him vp. Mr. Red
roan's motion carried.
-The -committee rose and reported egreea-
bly to the motion. Mr. Doniphan moved to
lay the report on the table, which carried.
On motion of Mr. Fulkerson, the House
Jefferson Citt, Nov. 27, 1 840.
The Committee on Elections made a report,
through Mr. Woodson, on the members elec
ted to the present Legislature which was laid
on the table. Mr. Redman introduced his
bill to consolidate the Supreme Court at Jef
Mr. II. Smith asked that the resolutions
introduced by Mr. Price on the subject of
the sale of the State Bonds be taken up and
referred to the committee of the whole. He
said there were many things of great impor
tance in the resolutions which called lor a
deliberate and thorough discussion. The
seventh resolution in particular referring to
the distribution of the public lands was of
the highest moment to the people of Missou
ri. He was inclined to think that there was
evidence to establish a disposition to appro
priate the same for the assumption and pay
ment of the debts of the State. If so, it
should be promptly communicated to the
The reference was made to the committee
of the whole.
Mr. Young presented the following resolu
tion: KesolccJ, That the Committee of Federal
Relations be instructed to obtain all the evi
dence in their power of an intention on the
part of Coogres to assume the debts con
tracted by the several States in Europe, and
report the same to the House. Adopted
Ayes 43 Nays 31.
The bill introduced by Bogy of Su Louis
against betting on elections was referred to
the committee of the whole.
The bill to regulate grocers was. on mo
tion of Mr. Hudspeth, referred to the same
The bill amendatory of the revenue laws
icferred to committee on Ways and Means.
The bill to organize Grundv and Calhoun,
counties introduced bv Mr. Ahhv, was reter
red to committee on new counties.
The bill amendatory of the net to estab-j
lish courts of record was referred to the
committee of the whole. i
On motion of Mr. Redman, the House re-'
solved itself into committee of the whole,
Mr. Burckhnrtt in ihe chair. j
ORl'ERS OF THE VAT. I
Mr. Price moved to take up the resolutions '
relative to the recall of the Slate Bonds, to
which the committee agreed. J
Mr. Coulter suggested that Ihe resolutions
referred to letters not yet produced; he pre
ferred therefore that they be delayed. On1
his motion, Mr. Price's resolutions were the
order nf the day for .Monday neit ayes 41,
nays 3C. J
Mr. II. Smith moved to take up the bill to
allow the Bank of Missouri to issue s 5 notes. ,
Mr. Young said this bill had been made
the order of the day for Tuesday next. The
chair so decided, and the committee proceed
ed to the bill to incorporate the Marion Insu
Mr. Wells said he would like to have time
to examine this bill, but would not insist.
Mr. Draper consented to postpone it.
SENATE Thursday, Nov. 2G.
Mr. Danforth introduced a bill to organize
the county of Ozark.
A bill was introduced bv Mr. lamplell
from the committee on the Judiciary to con
centrate the Supreme Court at Jefferson.
Mr. Miller offered a resolution paying
James Dtmnioa .193, which was ordered to
a second reading.
Mr. Pratte introduced a bill to revive an
act "entitled an act," for surveying and
marking out a State road from Bois Brule
bottom, opposite Chester, Illinois, by Pen y
ville, to Greenville, Wayne county.
Mr. Allen introduced a bill supplementary
to the act for the relief of insolvent debtors;
also a bill supplementary to an act relative to
insane persons; also a bill in regard to the
administration of the oath to be take by jud
ges and clerks of elections; also a bill in re
ference to guardians, curators anil minors.
Mr. Campbell introduced a bill respecting
Some action was h;ul on bills already men
tioned, but nothing definite was done with
Mr. Allen introduced the following resolu-
Resolved, bv the General Assembly of the
State of Missouri, That the following be
proposed as amendments to the Constitution
of the State of Missouri, to wit:
. That so much of the second section of
the third article or the Constitution ot this
Slate as limits the number of representatives
of which the House of Representatives shall
consist, shall "be and the same is hereby abol-
2. That so much of the second section of
the third article of the Constitution ol this
State as prescribes that each county shall
have at least one representative, shall be and
the same is hereby abolished.
This resolution was ordered to a second
On motion of Mr. Young,
Resolved, That the committee of ways
aid means be instructed to inquire into the
POWER IS KVF.R STEAUN1 FROM THE HANf
VVLING-GREEN, MO. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1840.
expediency of making" an appropriation for
paying the balance of the troops not paid,
called'out by the Governor to suppress the
On motion of Mr. Young,
Resolved, That the joint committee on
new counties be instructed to inquire into the
expediency of organizing the county of St.
Considerable discussion took place between
Messrs. Monroe, Scott, Rawlins, Kirtley and
Hunter on a bill to provide for the payment
of the subscriptions to the Seminary fund.
The bill was laid on the table.
SENATE Friday, Nov. 27
Mr. Gilliam introduced a bill to organize
the county of Andrew J. Daris, in honor of
Andrew J. Davis, Esq., who was brutally
murdered at St. Louis by whitr, for the hon
est maintenance of his principles, which was
ordered to a second reading.
Mr. Franklin introduced a bill to organize
the county of Bates, which was ordered to a
Mr. Monroe offered the following resolu
tion: Resolved, That the committee on the Ju
diciary be instructed as follows:
First, to inquire into and report to the
Senate at as early a period as practicable, by
what authorityif nny, lottery tickets are
vended within the State of Missouri.
Secondly, that said committee, will as lit
tle delay as may he, report a bill elTe:tuall'
to prohibit the sale of lottery tickets within
Laid on the table.
Mr. Polk gave notice that on to-mortow
he would ask leave to introduce a bll to ap
propriate money to remove the obstructions
in Big Black and Current rivers.
On motion of Mr. Crow,
Resolved. That the Secretary ofState be
requested to inform the Senate what number
of State Bond have been issued ander the
act to charter the Bank of the Sla'e of Mis
souri, and the several acts amendatry there
of, and the number and amount whi. h may
have been issued under any other law, the
amount now outstanding, and their dates.
' ' ' I
plunder what auihor.ty sued Aljs o.
inform the Senate how many sets of bond
have been issued and cancelled for informal,-,
ty or other causes, and whether .he cos, of,
ZTZ SliliSie bl
the Mate, and if by the btate, what has been j
paid lor printing bonds. . '
The bilU.lrom the House to incorporate i
rolk county Academy, in relation to a State ,
road in St. Francois county, to establish a
State road fiom Potosi to a point in Jefferson
county, were severally orderrd to a second
Some progress was made on other bills
mentioned in the proceeding of yesterday.
The bill to establish the St. Louis Associa
tion of ladies for the rc'ief of orphan children
From the New York Knickerbocker far Octuber.
A SEMINOLE TRADITION.
Er WASHINGTON IRVINO.
When the Florid is were erected into a
their childcrn should be instructed like the
children of white men- The chiefs listened
with their custom irv silence and decorum to
alongspeech,settingforth the advantages that
would accrue to them I nun this measure; ami
on hp hni! enni-linleil. hc?"ed the interval
of a day to deliberate on it.
On the following day, solemn convoca
tion was held, at which one of their chiefs
addressed the Governor in the name of all
the rest. "My brother," said he, "we have
been thinking over the proposition of our
Great Father at Washington to send teach
ers and set up schools among us. We are
very thankful for the interest he takes in our
welfare, but, after much deliberation, have
concluded to decline his offer. What will
do very well for white men, will not do for
red men. I know you white men say we all
came from the same father and mother, but
you are mistaken. We have a tradition
handed down from our forefathers, and we
believe it, that the Great Spirit, when he un
dertook to make men, made black man; it
was his first attempt, and pretty well for a
beginning; but he soon saw that he bungled, so
he determined to try his hand again. He
did so, and he made the red man. He liked
him much better than the black man, but
still he was not exactly what he wanted.
So he tried once more, and made the white
man and then he was satisfied. You see,
therefore, that you were made last, and that
is the reason I call you my youngest broth
"When the Great Spirit had made the three
men,he called them together.and showed them
three boxes. The first was filled with books,
and maps, and papers the second with bows
and arrows, knives and tomahawks; the third
-.1 I 1 nnil hommari
i wun mines, axes, uues
Theae, my sons,' said he, 'are the. meant by
t. : . c IT....I nn. r iIia i twv inuir mother's death-heil.
i eim-ji voi me uiihcu .""" .- . . , . ,, . imsiifii lor ever, inieniinigien mm
earliest cares of the Governor, William P. Du- on the cl. or, of my varied exitnj tliat . ,l0ll..,lt am, ,ilte ,he r3V inkofafairy
val, was directed to the instruction and civ- woof of go Id and iron woven so , dravvn me from my' purpose. Oft,
Nation of the natives. For this purpose, together-the remembrance ol that whe m bl,,w h:,, 1)eon wfe:l,hed with flow
he called a meeting of the duels, in which he being who perished so early and so . gently whca d)eek ,,as en
informed ihe.n of the wMi of their Great from the bosom ol her l im.ly. forms the t.r , k)eJ Wllh aQ.
Father at Washington that they should have sail link which ever gives lorth a t.ir.U ol . ,eas-ure- ,!:ive i caught the reflec.
..u..i.... i,lm,.n ihpm. .m.l that funeral music when mv heart turns to it "l 'I " ' . , .
TO THB FEW."
which you are to live, choose among them
according to your fancy.'
"The white min. being the favorite," had
the first choice. He passed by the box ol
working tools without notice; but when he
came to the weapons of war and hunting, he
stopped and looked hard at them. The red
man trembled, for he had set his heart upon
that box. The white man, however, nftei
looking upon it for a moment, passed on and
chose the box of books and papers. The red
man's turn came next, and you may be sure he
seized with joy upon the hows and arrows
and tomahawks. As to the black man, he
had no choice left but to put up with the
box of tools.
"From this it is clear that the Great Spirit
intended the white man should learn to read
and write, to understand a'l about the moon
and stars; and to make every thing, even rum
and whiskey: that the red man should be a
first rate hunter and a mighty warrior; but
he was not to learn any thing from books, ns
the Great Spirit had not given him nny; nor
was he to make rum and whiskey, lest he.
should kill himself with drinking. As to the
black man, as he had nothing but working
tools, it was clear he was to work for the
white and red man, which he has continued
"We mut co according to the wishes of
the Great Spirit, or we shall get into trouble.
To know how to lead and write is very good
for white men, but very bail for red men.
It makes white men better.
but red men
worse. Some of the Creeks
nd Cherokee '
learn to read and write, and they are the led a smile to her pale lips, when it came on
greatest rascals among the Indians. They her be.l, fragrant from the rose thickets and
went on to Washington, and said they were the white clover field, which lay beneath
going to see their Or e:.t Father, to talk nlioot the windows they hadsociuelly daikened.
the g od of the nation. And when they got The gloom of that death-chamber made me
there, they all wrote upon a little piece of very sorrowful, but I went t. bed, turned
paper, without the nation at home knowing down the linen, and laid my hand caressing
any tiling about it. And the first thing the ly on the p ile face which lay so white and
nation at" home knew of the matter, thev motionless in the dim light. It was cold as
werecnlled together I v the In.li.n agent, ice. I drew back alTi ightened, and stealing
who showed them a little piece of paper, from tin; room, sat down alone, wondering
which he told them was a treaty, which their ', and full of dread.
brothers had made in their Iname, with their j Tney buried her beneath a lofty tree
iGreat Father at Washington. And ns thev;
. a I.I II a I -
. "c ' J e. J , ;,reatVxterft of cun. '
e " ."ethren. bv
r; ' hiteha,, 0,,i !
tnowin" how to re-id and write, hail "ained
"m ' " . ' ' If- . Ji . vv. '
"'.. " " ' '
'we cannot receive teachers among us; for i
I ,...i;.. ..r..i -.-;;n.r fi...ii.-h verv food for!
. .i r.,.. ur c..i-rv ih .i i
white men, is veiv bad for'lndiar.'s."
Front Ihe LaUci1 Companion.
A MOTHER'S LAST PRAYER.
BT ANV S. STEPHENS.
"Firt Our fl iWi-m die ami then
Our hii. ami then our f-m and wheo
Tlieere le'l thedfht i-ilae,
DuU cljiim dut and we die to.'
1 iv:iq very voun '. scarcely beyond
ver'e of infancy, tue last and most
ol mree nine ..in ,-.
f . I ..I . I .1 . ...1... ..-A.-M ..nlliurail 'irniil.il I
. a I
hen I look
music wh.cn uecomes m-ru ' - j thlus!,lt of lhe which rested upon ma
solemn as that chain Y'ni broken suplication
thoUgh,,and bound togethe by e 'jrt wconie t my memory.
of successive years. 1 he firt cIuslerin2 re, have been torn from mv
.... ,i .... i ..i
that I can rememoer, was my mv;,..., ..........
iiinvirvr :ini'iilil V auoui lier iiomr,
.1 i . i - ...
paleness of disease sitting on her beautiful
features, and a deep crimson spot burning
with painful brightness in either cheek. I
remember that her step became unsteady,
and her voice fainter and more gentle, day
by day, 'till, at last, she sunk to her bed. and
we were called upon to witness her spirit go
forth to the presence of Jehovah. They
took me to her couch, and t IJ me to look
upon my mother before she died. Their
words had no meaning to me then, but the
whisner in which thev were spoken thrilled
m.ml'iiltv through mv infint heart, and I felt
ilmt ,irtielhin-' very terrible was about
happen. Pale, troubled faces were around
that death-pillow stern men. with sad hea
vy eyes women overwhelmed with tears
and sympathy, and children, that huddled t
gether shuddering nnd weeping, ihey knew
not wherefore. Filled with wonder and awe,
I crept to my mother, and buiying my brow
in the mass of rich brown hair that floated
over her pillow, heavy with the d amp ol
death, but si ill lustrous in spite of disease, I
trembled and sobbed without knowing why.
save that all around me was full of grief and
lamentation. She murmured, nnd placed
her pale hand on my head. My little heart
swelled, but I lay motionless nnd filled with
awe. Her lips moved, and a voice tremu
lous and very low, came faintly over them.
Those words", broken and sweet ns they were,
left the first dear impression that ever re
mained on my memory "Iad her not into
temptation, but deliver her from evil." This
was my mother's last pray.r! in that imper-
G. B. PRICE, PU BLISHER.
WHOLE DUMBER 373.
feet sentence, her gentle voice went out for
ever. Young as I was, that prayer had en
tered my heart with a solemn strength. I
raised my head from its beautiful resting-place,
and gazed nwe-strickea upon the face of my
mother. Oh, how an hour had changed it.
The crimson flush was quenched n her
cheeks, a moisture lay upon her forehead,
ind the grey, mysterious shadows of death
were stealing over each thin feature, yet her
lips still moved and her deep eyes were bent
on me, surcharged with spiritual brightness,
as if they would have left one of their vivid,
unearthly ravs, as the seal of her death-bed
covenant. Slowly as the sunbeam's pale at
night fall from the leaves of a flower, went
out the starlight fire of those eyes: a mist
came over them, softly as the dews of night
fall upon that flower, and she was dead
Even then, I knew not the meaning of the
solemn change I had witnessed, but when .
they bore me forth from my mother' death
bed, my heart was filled with fear and mis
giving. All were overwhelmed with the weight of
their own sorrow, and I was permitted to
wander around my desolated home unchecked
and forgotten. 1 stood wondering by as they
shrouded my mother, and smoothed the long
hair over her pile forehead. Silently i
watched them spread the winding-sheet, and
fold those small pale hands over her bosom,
but when they closed the blinds, and went
forth, my little heart swelled with a sense of
unkindness in shutting out the sunshine, and
the sweet summer air which had so often cal-
on the high bank ol a river. A waterlull
- a-- .1 -i it-, a lassn.i I n w I, nm " kn if ftml 1 11 0 dllsas.
long gass that shelters her. I remember it
all- the grave with its newly broken sod-
the collia placed on the brink, ;.The clergy-
.nan, wihis black surplrcweeping the
anJ w C(mcourjUghbours gath-
ered round the grave, eaciriifting his hat re-
vere,,,U- ns .he so'er, n hvmn swelled on the
..: ' ,k. tnf; ,!,,., srci
.;;r. an-vvere.l t)V tne louv ani.icm suriu-
- . . :,.
up from the waterfall, and the breeze rustling
through the dense loughs of that gloomy tree.
jThen""caiie the grating of the coffin as it
I ..... . I I . 2 1 . ... V, i. . I ili. lull
WilS lOWeiCiJ HllO 113 IIIIIIIW UCU, l"U wuii,
hollow sound of filling earth and those most
solemn words of dtist to dust, and ashes to
ashes.' With ii.ournful distinctness were
all these things impressed on my youngmind,
but my mother's last prayer is written more
forcibly than all, in characters that but deep
en with maturity. It has lingered about my
heart a blessing and a safeguard, pervading it
with a music that cannot die. Many times
when the heedlessness of youth would have
. . i..,!,:,! sweet voce, now
" " "V" v - , : "tv
- . h,ve Amnu
the unnatural clow from mv cheeks, and my
thoughts have been carried back to my lost
parent, and from her up to the Heaven she
inhabits. The festival and all its attractions
have been lost in gentle reflections, and 1
have beeh "delivered from temptation."
Again, when the sparkling wine-cup has al
most bathed my lips, amid merriment and
smiles an I music, has the last sad prayer of
my mother seemed to mingle with it ruby
contents, and I have put away the goblet that
1 might not be led Into temptation." Wher
hi hand has rested in that of the dishonora-
I Die, il.lll llf-l!Ullll tl.C l.'1..l. .-I l.l.l. " IV
i -.-i -l i". I .1
I ,n...T.i...l .. tit.. ,f-...li rfiT Kim ali4V
says in his nean mere is no won as mat voice
seemed to flow with his luring accents, I
have listened to it, nnd fled as from the ser
pent of my native forests.
Again nnd again, when the throbbings of'
ambition have almost filled my soul, and the
praises of my fellow men have become a
precious incense, the still small voice of my
mother's prayer has trembled over each heart
string, and kinrilrd it to a more healthy mu
sic in infancy, youth and womanhood, that
prayer has been to mca holy remembrance
a sweet thought full of melody not the lesa
beautiful that there is sadness in it.
Two duelists having exchanged shots with
out eflect, one of the seconds interfered, and
proposed that the parties should shake hands.
To this the other second objected as unne
cessary; for, said he, their hands have bea
shaking this half hour.