Newspaper Page Text
orrcsK.c2enccof the Baltimore P.itriot.
FISCAL BANK DILI., THE VETO.
1 SENATE, AUG. 19.
After l wo successive disappointment, on
previous days, from votes to postpone, the
question at ha came up, at 12 o'clock, on
-onsideiing the Executive communication
containing the President's objections to the
LVdcluu te t ing a Fiscal Until;.
Mr. Clay addressed the Senate in a very
eloquent speech ia vindication of the course
of the. Senate in relation to the bid, and par
ticularly that in respect to the lCth or com
promise section, against which the objections
01 me i resident were expressed with pe
culiar emphasis. Aflergoing through with
an examination of the several positions taken
in the message, and replying to the Presi
dent's objections Mr. C. adverted to the fact
that some of his friends round liiin were en
gaged in the preparation of a new bill, and,
without pledging himself to any course res
pecting it until he shoul l see its precise
form, Mr. C. expressed his hope that thev
would go on, and render it as perfect as pos-
sicie. Ana tie concluded wili congratula
ting the country on the many important mea
sures which had been carried through both
Houses during the present extra session, $. ex
pressing hislnpe that, if not now, at the regu
lar session something might be done to nut
the currency of the country on a sure and
solid and satisfactory basis.
Mr. Rives followed in a speech vindica
ting the course of the President on which he
passed the highest eulogium.. He seemed
inclined to treat Mr. Clay's speech as an at
tack on the President for treachery to the
country and to his party. But, in "repeated
explanations which passed between the two
Senators, Mr. Clay disclaimed all such pur
pose, and resisted what he considered as
uiisreprcsentationsftliough unintentional ones
of course) of most of the points he had ta
Mr. R. concluded by cxpressijg an earn
est hope that r.o new bill would be brought
in, but that the question wou'd be referred
over to the people. If, however, such a bill
should be reported a? he could conscientious
ly support, it should have Ids vote.
Mr. Clay rejoined in a second speech,
(which became mutually impassioned to
ward the close,) and in which he warady re
plied the imputation ot having attacked" the
President, or charged him with treachery.
Mr. Hives also spoke again, with much
earnestness and animation, still taking the
ground that .Mr. C. had attacked the Tresi
dent. (Mr. C. still disclaiming and correct
ing his representations of what had pas
Mr. Clay said a few more thing, in a more
playful spirit than before, in replying t j Mr.
. i last remarks.
Mr. Archer made an effort to bring Mr.
Clay to a disclaimer of any allusion to his
colleagues in the House of Representatives
in what ha had said about a kitchen cabinet.
Mr. Clay denied that he had asserted the
existence of such a cabal; he had slated the
existence of such a rumor, and asked Mr. A.
. if he had never heard .of it? As to his rol
leiues being implicated, that was Mr. . 's
own inference, not Mr C.'s assertion. I
, After several inquiries and replies had
passed, in the last of which Mr. C. refused
to go further in his disclaimer. I
Mr. Berrien stated to Mr. Archer whnt
Mr. Clay had said; with which Mr. A. pro
fessed himself satisfied, and the inquiry drop
The question wa- then (at past 5 o'clock)
taken anew upon the passage of the bank
billj and decided by yeas and nays, as fol
lows: Yeas Messrs. Barrow, Btes, Bayard,
Be i rien, Choate, Clay, of Kentucky, Dixon.
Evans, Graham. Henderson, Huntington,
Kerr, Mangum, Merrick, Miller, Morchcnd.
Porter, Prentiss, Preston. Simmons, Smith,
of Indiana, Southard, Tallmadge White,
Xrfys Messrs. Allen, Archer, Benton,
Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay, of Alabama, Clay
ton, Cuthbert, Fulton, King. Linn. Mc Rob
erts, Mouton, Nicholson, Pierce, Rives, Se
vier, Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker, Williams,
Woodbury, Wright, Young 24.
There not being the constitutional majori
ty of two-thirds in favor of the bill, which
would be requisite to entitle it to be sent to
the House of Representatives for the like
concursence there, the bill remains finally
The Senate then, after an exhausting ses
sion of seven hours, adjourned.
Washington, Aug. 20, 1841.
DISTRICT BANK BILL PASSED.
The District Bank Bill reported from the
House an amendment totho Senate Bill was
called up this morning for concurrence in
the amendment. The amendment allows the
use of notes of a denomination between five
and twenty dollars the banks of Virginia
using notes of these denominations.
Mr. Benton opposed the amendment with
the same warmth that he opposes every sub
ject connected with banking, and said that
the next move would be to issue bills of the
denomination of five, ten and fifteen cents.
Mr. Merrick said if such a bill was to be
introduced, it would have to come from the
opposition side of the Senate, and would not
come from the Whig side of the Chamber.
No friend of the administration contempla
ted such a measure.
Without further debate the amendment
was concurred, in, by a vote of 24 to 14.
THE VETO MESSAGE &c
Mr. Calhoun presented the proceedings of
a meeting in Goochland county, a. upon
the subject of the public measures before
Congress, and in approval of the veto to the
lJanx JJill, and Messrs. Alaflory, Wise, Hun
ter, and Gilmer, members of the House from
the State of Virginia, w ho are spoken of as
Mr. Calhoun said that be approved of the
proceedings of the meeting. lie said furth
er that he not only approbated the Veto, but
vindicated the Chief Magistrate by saying
that he could not have done differently.
The case between liim and Mr. Madison
who approved the bank bill, was very dif
ferent. In reference to the veto power Mr. Cal
houn said UI do not regard the veto power
as gentlemen upon the other side seem to re
gard it. 1 think it safe, conservative and
proper power, and rejoice that the President
has exercised it as he has."
Having said so much of the Veto, said Mr.
Calhoun, 1 nm bound to say that I do not ap
prove the Veto Massage. I do not under
stand what the President means in bis Veto
Message in regard to nn Exchange Bank.
There is no form of a Bank to which I will
give my assent connected witii the Treasu
ry none whatever. I will oppose every
such institution, and deem an Exchange Bank
just asbad as anv other.
If the President goes in mv wake I will
give him a cheerful and welcome support.
It hedihers from me, I shall oppose him :is I
have all Presidents who did xi.t rgree with
Mr. Calhoun spoke also of hnlf-wn y mea
sures. A draw n battle did not satisfy him.
and generally was not productive of good
results or any results. The rough and un
compromising measures were what Mr. Cal
houn wanted, and nothing short of which his
Giends should be satisfied with.
If the people were ready to sustain the
measures before Congress, they are fit to be
slaves, and the country is lost.
Mr. Calhoun spoke at some length in this
strain, and yielded the floor to the Senator
Mr. Benton took occasion also to express
his opinions upon the Veto Message. lie
approved, as Mr. Calhoun did, of the veto,
but not of the i.icssrg-! altogether. How
ever, he would say nothing of tlie evil, and
content himself with the good. He rejoiced
in the good done, and would go with the
President as far as he had gone.
Mr. B. too!; occasion to rclcr to ll.o cV
bate of yesterday, and to oppose the views
of Mr. Clay. He regarded them as tn at
tack upon the fundamental principles of the
Government, anil should proclaim them tc
be so, far and r.c.".r.
Mr. Arcler took part in the debate also
and replied to the Senator from South Caro
lina. That Senator had declared so often
that the Whig party would be blown sky
high, that he begun to feel like one who had
hardly a sure f.ioting upon t-rra Jirtr.tr. He
begged the Senator to assure hint when the
time was to be for the final f lowing up of
the dominant party.
Mr. A. spoke alss of the proceedings of
the meeting before the Senate. They came,
he said, from Goochland, which was one ol
the small counties in the State, and from
one f the-largKt, as iau" by the Senator
from South Carolina.
The subject passed from fi.o. Senate the
p'rocdedings were read. ordered to be prin
ted, and the orders ol the Iav roiled lor.
THE LAND BILL.
Tnc remainder of the day. and up to a
late hour at nij.ht, w as occupied in discuss
ing amendments proposed to the Land Bill
all ol winch were oeieaiea. i ne irienus oi
the Bill were determined to have it taken out
of committee, and to obtain a vote on it
this night: and there seems no ground to
doubt its passage.
IN THE HOUSE.
Mr. Gi'.uer presented the proceedings of
a public meeting in Virginia, in reference to
the public topics of the day. Mr. Glimcr
wished to make some remarks upon the veto
message, and in reply to the speech of Mr.
Clay, made at the other w ing of the Capitol.
Mr. Gilmer was disposed also to speak for
the President, or for the "other end of the
avenue," in a manner which seemed to indi
cate much feeling. The subject was not dc
bateable, and Mr. Gilmer was called to order.
The Fortification Bill was sometime under
consideration in the Ilonse, and before ad
journment, finally disposed of, sent to thcScn-
ate, ana re;erreu to me tsnmmiuce on r or
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
Mr. Sergeant, Chairman of the Committee
on the Currency, reported a new Bill, in re
ference to the collection, keeping and dis
bursement of the Public Money.
The bill in its details and restrictions is
the same as the bill disapproved by the Presi
dent. The differences are as follows:
The name of the new institution is to be
"The Fiscal Corporation of the United
The capital 10 be $21,000,000, instead of
$30,000,000 14,000.000 to be owned Dy
subscribers, and 7,000,000 by the United
States fourteen millions may hearcafter be
added to the capital of twenty-one millions.
Instoad of branches, the bank is to have
agencies established wherever the Secreta
ry of the Treasury may think proper, or the
monlhcr bank may choose to . establish with
the consent of the Secretary of the Treasu
ry. A State Bank may be a branch or an
agent, or any number of individuals may be
an agency of the hank.
Nothing is said of assent or dissent noth
ing about discounts. The corporation is to
have power to deal exclusively in lorcign
bills of exchange, or in bills of domestic ex
change, drawn in one St.Ve or Territory
aadoavabie in another.
The word corporations is iVed iii the bill
throughout, instead of Bank. I "
These are the main fcatureJiof the bill.
It was read, ordered to bc'orinlcd, and
referred to the Committee of tiy Whole on
the stale of the Union.
Mr. Wise wished to obtain the printing
of the veto messuge, tut was not gratified
in his request.
The House adjourned between three and
From the, Philadelphia Ledger.
A base trail in the American character, is
a propensity to worship wealth. We admit
that tins is the vice ot all commercial coun
triesj smd grows in others more rankly than
in our own; and that, of all countries in the
world, it is exhibited the most offensively in
England, whence are derived our institutions,
principles, r.nd manners. We also admit
that in our country this propensity has been
greatly softened by the progress of knowl
edge, "the influence of liberal Christianity,
and its legitir""' and necessary result.
Democratic insf Sis .Ions, y We still say, that
this propensity ex1st3 among us to a deplora
ble extent, and almost daily produces some
outrage upon the riihts of humanity. The
worship of wealth, this disposition to lender
it paramount to every thing else, is a neccs
sary result of our vicious monetary system.
We do not ascrilie it entirely to this system,
for it existed before we had a single bank,
and wil! exist after every bank shall be num
bered with thing past, if ever such enmu
mntion shall arrive. But r.o candid and in
telligent mind will deny that this system
greatly encourages this propensity, and thus
oppose a serious obstacle to the salutary in
fluence of ChrisUinty, Democracy, and sci
ence When men without intellectual or
moral cultivation become suddenly rich, as
many !o thro" t!.e aid of this system, and
then receive a degree of consideration and
exercise a degree of int1uer.ee to which the
holiest inlt !lect:ial and moral merit, in po
verty, mav as;iie in vain, a demoralizing ex
liiipic is oilerc.!. Superficial thinkers, who
nr.- slwnvs !e majority, see thai wealth is
J the brordest road to preferment, nndttliat in-
t'dlrctiial and moral deficiencies arelio ole
:.-:c!.-. IL'prv. t!i'v learn to be content
v. i:h i-r.orancr. frim'hr with vict, and so-ii-i'.oiis
oi.lv about vakiso mom. One rich
t .rofli" ite. cons-icnoi.s in the nMcanti!e or
soci l woi li!, c:;n do n.o; c moral misrinei in
one n ont'i than the twelve Apostles could
rr pair in a year, should they appear among
cs in t :-;r original giro ol provitiy and
In t.otiiir.g docs t'lis worship of wealth ap
pear more offensively, r Hl' more mischiev
ous tendency. th:;ti in the difference made
between the" rich and the poor in the punish
ment o! ciime. To the iich.or to what is
r.:VfA "standing in s u-ietv," which means
the iHtsy- ' l ol weald., t r one ol" those oc
cti-i:i:i(.( h which wealth is generally as-
,.c from the punishment due to
ciimt : -) t certain. J o the poor, or to
tho" ' - .ding in society, which
mer ii.n with which wealth
is ...-vcia!ed, escape is almost
oiond Whig of the 9tit says
.s arsault was nnde last evening
on the person of Win. II. Roane. Esq.. late
United St..tes Senator from Virginia. The
:iltn:k wr.r. nuke by a slave named Win.
Thomas, be! mging to Jesse F. Kcesc, Esq-,
of Henrico t! c only cause for the assault
was in consequence of a remonstrance made
by Mr. R. t the I:ivo for r ncroaching upon
his farm (Tree Hill.) The negro has been
caught r.nd was brought to town at twelve
o'clock Inst night. Bv Passed Midshipman J.
R. Ran Uph, U. S.'N.,and Mr. M'CuouIley
and lodged ia the county jail. We are hap
py to learn tint Drs. ILt.all and Watson do
A S; SrAii. orSociKrv! It was laterly
stated in the English llonseof commons, by
Mr. Miles, on the authority of returns before
the House, that in three years. 1831, 1835,
and 1 C30, in ten counties of England there
had been not less than 8 579 illegitimate
children born, whilst in the three subsequent
years the numbers were swollen to 9,518;
exhibiting an increase of Hi per cent, upon
the prevalence of crime of that description.
Mr. Miles als-i stated that from the informa
tion he had derived through Mr. I-fevre,
assist int commisinner of the poor laws, he
was enabled to state that, upon the review
of the cases in 1 1 counties in England, dur
ing the years, 1 833 and 1839, the number
of illegitimate children had incretscd in the
Croportion of one fifth aliovc the number
orn in the years 183G and 1831.
The Veto has electrified the Continent!
The sound of joy goes up all over the coun
ty like the sound of many waters, and the
name of Tvler shall go down to future gener
ations as the performer of an act worthy of
the bestdaysof the glorious old hepuhlican!
The old Republicans clap their hands with
joy, and even the boys in our streets send
forth hearty hurrahs for the ever glorious,
immortal DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN
Every where throughout the circle of her
intercourse, her influence is felt like the dew
of heaven, gentle, silent, and unseen; yet
pervading and efficient. But in the domestic
circle its power is consentrated, and is like
the life giving beams of the awakening, illus
trating and almost creating the moral aspeel
of the scene. To speak first of the family
relation none can conceive now mucn a
daughter mav promote ihe comfort and the
moral benefit of her parents, but those who
have seen the lemate cnaracier exnimiea un
der the influence of an understanding and
on ;.tnrnril bpart. which by their mutual
action have produced the most extended
... " l . t.ltl
views Ot duty Wltn a siroug ucaire io iuim
it. As a sister, a female may exert a most
important influence. Willi no strong coun
teracting circumstances she may give what
feature she pleases to the moral and intellect
ual character, of those with whom she is
connected in the relation. All the sweet
endearments of mutual affection and con
nected will give weight to her influence.
An inteligent high aimed female of a well
disciplined mind and pious heart, has been
known to give a much higher cast to charac
ter, attainment and condition,- to a larrer
circle of brothers and sisters than they
would have received. But it is as mother,
that woman has all the powers with which
the munificence of her divine Benefactor
has endowed her, matured to their highest
perfection, and exercised in their greatest
SATURDAY, SEPT. 4, 1311.
The Bmkrupt Bill having received the
signature of the Executive, is now the Law
of the Land. The vote in the House, was
ayes 1 10 to IOC noes. Bat a few days be
fore the Whigs furious at the defeat of the
Bank Bill, and finding out that the distribu
tion Bill, would fail in the Semite owing to
the balking of Mr. Henderson of Mi. laid
this Bill upon the table by a majority of 12
votes. A day or two afterwards, Mr. Hen
derson upon whose vote the success of the
Land Bill depended in the Senate, made a
bargain and sale of his vote, for the distribu
tion Bill, on condition that the party would
pass the bankrupt bill. The bargain was
struck the bankrupt bill reconsidered and
passed by the vote above stated. We pre
sume now that the distribution bill will pass
also A few davs will determine.
L - -
'PROSCRIPTION PROSCRIBED" !!
We understand, that the anticipated re
moval of W.v. Luce Esq. frvin the Post office
at Louisiana, and the appointment of Edwin
Draper Esq in his stead, has taken place at
last. We say anticipated, because the lea
ders, in and about Louisiana have lepeatedly
threatened to have it done, since the success
of their party last fall and we can only nc
counj for the postponement to this late day.
on ihe ground that Mr. Abolitionist Granger
has kfen to busy in other sections of the
Union, 1 this same species of work, to lis
ten to the petitionjof the Federalists in and a-
ut the litile Federal City of Ixiuisiana. We
ujyoc they are now gratified and that
they wi l c'.iuckle with savage delight over
this first act of "prosciibing proscription" in
Democratic Pike. We certainly d'i not en
vy them tiie pleasure they derive, from the
reflection, that this removal is ti e commence
ment of Whig measures, in this section of
the State, nor would we mar their enjoy
ment by intimating that this was not in ac
cordance with what they promised,and what
the people expected.
For what is Mr. I uce victimized! What
charge was preferred against him? Has he
been faithless in the discharge of his duties?
No. Is he incapable? No. Is he dishonest?
No. what is his offence then? He is a
Democrat not a brawling partisan not an
olurious electioneered No man can say this
of him. As all men, who have the mind to
form an opinion he has the independence to
express it. Farther than this he has not
gone. It is foreign to the character, the dis
position and business of the man. But in
addition to this he is the respectable Son-in
I,aw of that inflexible, and uncompromising
Democrat, RATLIFF BOON. This is his
highest offence. This is the Sin that, noth
ing short.of his removal, can atone for. As
for the new appointee, tho appointment is a
good one, so far as ability, and faithfulness in
the discharge of his duties are concerned.
Bui if Mr. Draper is less busy in electioneer
ing, than his predecessor, we shall be great
ly disappointed. If he is, he must have chan
ged a little of late, and improved upon his
It will be seen from the proceedings of
Congress that Mr. Sargeant has introduced
another Bank Bill in the House, no catch
the conscience of the King." Another at
tempt is made to whip the Devil around the
stump, and by threats, or flattery to induce
the President to violate his conscience and
his sense of right. It is changed in name
not in substance It is to be called the "Fis
cal Corporation of Ihe United States" in
stead of the "Fiscal Bank," and lhat too in
(! face of the fact that the Convention
thM framed the Constitution, refused to give
Congress the power to charter corpora tion'i ,.
The name of Bank, has apparently become
odious to these reaerai wings it stinks in
their nostrils even and to render the pill
palateableto the disaffected it has assumed a
new garb. Branches are to be called agtn
cies, and nothing is said about assent or dis
sent. Not a word about discount, either.;--All
this we suppose is to be left covered up''
under some abstruse provision, and when the'
Monster is once saddled upon us, the States
will be forced lo accept of branches, and
discounts will be made without stint. WV
have seen something of this in the rood
which the Insurance Companies of St. Looir
have evaded their charters, and got around
the Constitution and the evident intention"
of the Legislature. For ourselv we agree
with Mr. Calhoun on this subjecf. . Ther
Democrats want no half-way measure '
They will not stop at "John Dickerson's half'
way house." If Mr. Tyler is "himself again"
and will stand by the Constitution as he did
in 1819 in 1832, he may lose those amotig
Ih late t uUporter, who to accomplish, their
ends care pot how soon, be disgraces him-'
!f hv a violation of his oath but he wifl
rally around Ins nag thousands ol good men
and true who acknowledge no allegiance to
any tiling but principle.
The Veto of the President, promises to
effect a division of the Federal and Repub
lican portions of the Whig party. Sortie'
are for denouncing him while others think
he could not have done otherwise. The Re-'
publican is out up n him, in his peculiar style. '
He "stigmatises his course as treacherous to "
the Whig party." The Bulletin takes up the
cudgels in behalf of the President, and de
fends him with much force and ability. He
goes for "compromise" for concession," begs
that the Rcpuicsn will perceive the fallacy
of '-his denunciations, and asks if the Re
publican's course will tend to benefit the
Whigs"? The Madisonian and Intelligen
cer at Washington are in the same quarrell
ing mood Butn.och the larger portion of the
Whig Prrss, in this State and else where, are'
either "damning the Pesidcnt with faint
praise" or denouncing him in the strongest
terms. The Louisville Journal, is particu
larly rabid. Tientice says
"We have not time, nor inclination, nor"
of this, the most astounding and atrocious
act of perfidy that ever occurred in any gov
ernment in the civilized world. In due time,
we shall not fail to exhibit it in naked base
ness. Ilvpocricv nnd treachery, such as"
Mr. Tyler has exhibited in regard to the
measure of a national bank, would degrade
from all respect, intercourse, or notice of
honorable men, :.ny citizen in private life,
and in a matter of small concern; but what
language cou'd be employed to magnify ti e
ei.oniiity o? such treachery and hypoc risy in
the Chief Magistrate of a mighty people, op
erating to defeat the will of that people in
regard ton measure of the greatest importance
to their interests, nnd hich nieasuie the
people had brought Mm into power to exe
cute?'' In St. Louis and Iuisville. a few ot the
more reckless and violent portion ol the "de
cency" burnt Mr. Tyler in effigy, and in
Washington lie was insulted by a gang of
ruffians entering the inclosnreof the White
House and beating tinpans, blowing horns
tc. Such proceedings for the honor of our
Country, we are pleased to see, has not met
the Approbation of the more moderate and .
honest pertion of the Whig party. In St.
Loui, the Republican even condems it, and
we hear of no place unless it be the little
federal city of Hannibal, where any of the
respectable portion of the citizens took part
in such disgraceful proceedings.
The truth is the Whigs have overreached,
themselves. They will now, we hope, learnt
a lesson not scon to be forgotten. They wilt t
see thathonesty is the best policy ,and though '
fraud and political dishonesty, may prosper
for a while the avenging hand of a Just Pro? -vidence
will sooner or later overtake the per
petrators, and visit upon their guilty heads,
the punishment due to their offences. Noth
ing but their own fraud, deception $z dishon-
esty have brought about the slate of things, .
which now fills them with regret, and gloomy -forbodings
of the future. It was fraud upon?
a grand scale, and with a high hand. It was
dishonesty of a high grade and deception
of a most barefaced character. The nomi
nation at Harrisburg was the first act in this
game of fraud. Genl. Harrison was nomi
nated over the head of Mr. Clay, because
he had expressed opinions upon aft the agi- .
tating questions of the day, suited to every
class of politicians, and every latitude of the
Union. The acting President was placed
upon the ticket, to catch the votes of the-
"Abstractionsists," and States Rights Whigs,
in the South who had been thrown into oppo
sition to the late administration, without
any substantial agreement with the oppost-