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period when the late Bank of the United
States was in the fullest and most sucessful
operation when exchanges, according to
their own showing, were the lowest and most
steadily, and uniform and sound; and vet,
with all these favorable circumstances, which
they estimate so highly, and with no hostile
cause operating front obroad, our tonnage
and commerce, in every branch on which
the duties could operate, fell off; on the coun
try, during the latter period, when all the
iiostile causes which they are in the habit
of daily denouncing on this floor, and of
whose disastrous consequences we have
heard so many eloquent lamentations; yes,
In spite of contractions, and expansions in;
spite of tampering with the currency and
the removal ot the deposites; sipte of the
disordered state of the whole machinery of
commerce, the deranged state ot the curren
cy, both at home and abroad; in spite of the
state of the exchanges, and of what we are
constantly told of the agony of the country;
both have increased, incrensod beyond all
former example! Such is the overpowering
effect of removing weights from the springs
of industry, and striking off shackles from
the free exchange of products, Its to 'over
come all adverse causes.
Having now shown that the navy is the
right arm of our defence; that it depends on
commerce for its resources, both as to men
and means; and that high duties destroy the
growth of our commerce, including naviga
ton and tonnage; 1 hare, I trust, satisfactori
ly established the position which 1 laid down;
that this measure, which would pi ice the en
tire burden of supporting the Government
on Commerce, would paralyze the right arm
of our power. Vote it down, and leave
commerce as free as possible; and it will
furnish ample resources, skillful and gallant
sailors and an overflowing treasury, to re
pel danger from our shores, and maintain our
rights and dignity in our external relations.
With the aid of the revenue from land, and
proper economy, we might soon have ample
means to enlarge our navy to that of a third
of the British, with duties far below the lim
its of 20 per cent, prescribed by the compro
mise act. The annual appropriation, or cost
of the british navy, is about $30,000.000.
Ours, with the addition of the appropriation
for the squadron made this session, s
(say) 6,000,000; requiring only the addition
of four millions to make it eqval to a third
of that of Great Britain, piovided that we
can build, equip, man, and maintain ours ns
cheaply as she can hers. That we can, with
proper management, can scarcely he doubted
when we reflect tnat our navigation, which
involves almost all the elements of expense
that a navy does, successfully completes
with hers over the world. ior are we den
dent in men gallant and hardy sailors to
man a na y on as large a scale as is
suggested. Aheady our tonnage is two
thirds of that of Great Britain, and will in a
short tune approach an equality with hers, it'
our commerce should be fairly treated.
Leave, then, in our Treasury, the fund pro
posed to be withdrawn by this detestable bill;
apply it to the navy and defences of the
country; and at its present amount with
small additional aid lrom the impost, it will
give the means of raising it, with the exist
ing appropriation, to tiie point suggested;
snd with the steady increase of the fund
frora the increased sales of Lnds, keeping
iL. : . e , .- . i
pace with the increase of our population, and
uie i.e increase in commerce under a svs -
ieui oi .igiii ana equal amies, we many, witn
proper economy in the collection and dis
bursements of the revenue raise our navy
steadily, without feeling the burden, to half
the size of the British, or more, if more be
seeded for defence of our rights. Beyond
that, we ought never to aim.
I have said Mr. C concluded what I pro
posed to say. I have passed over many and
weighty objections to this measure, which I
could not bring within the scope of mv re
marks, without exhausting the patience of
the body. And now, Senators, in conclusion
let me entreat you in the name of all that
is good and patriotic in the name of our
common country and the immortal fathers of
our Revolution and founders of our Govern
mentto reject this dangerous bill. I
plore you to pa se and ponder lefore yon
give your final vote for a measure which, ifition and that they are resolved to obtain the
it should pass and become a permanent law, j redress of their wrongs. A part of the
would do more to defeat the ends for which ; troops in garrison will join the people, and
this Government was instituted, and to sub-
vert the constitution a;id destroy the liberty
of the country, than any which has ever
From the October No .of the Democratic Jtetirtc.
THE FIRST MEETING OF JEFFER-
SON AND BURR.
The following anecdote was related by
Mr. Jefferson to the writer, while on a visit
to Monticello, in the year 1822. I was told
in illustration of an opinion advanced by the
former in telation to Physiognomy, that, al
though it was but follv to attempt a system
f judging character from any particular con
formation of features, yet the eye was an un
erring index of the soul, and no training on
the part of its possessor could prevent it from
disclosing his true moral nature to a skillful
.observer. I will endeavor to repeat the
anecdote in the exact words of the illustri
During my attendance on one of the ear
liest sessions of the Continental Congress at
Philadelphia, said Mr. J. I chancde to dine
one day at a public house where several dis
tinguished gentlemen from abroad, all entire
strangers to me, had just arrived in the citv.
Among these was a penuVman 3.o became
eated directly opp.ite t me at the table.
and soon attracted my observation by his
jcu!iar and remarkable appearance, and e -
pecially by hi, singularly restless and subd
Quivering eve. which to me threw off an ex
pression extremely sinister, ion naa ever
noted that an eve of this character indicated
moral obliquity of the heart, and this kind of
eye he possessed in a more eminent aegreo
than any I had ever seen. So strong, indeed,
were my impressions in the case, that I fel t no
hesitation in making up for myself a decided
opinion of the true character of the man be
fore me, as before mentioned, then unknown
to me, even by name.
After retiring to the private room of the
friend at whose invivtation I had dined
there, he asked me, with an air of curiosity,
if I noticed the gentleman who sat opposite
me at the table we had just left, and, if to,
what was my opinion of Mint
I replied, that 1 had not only noticed the
man, but formed a decided opinion of him
and that was, that his true character might be
expressed in three words coldness, cunning
"Why, sir," said my friend, in surprise,
"you cannot know the man of whom you are
speaking: it is Mr. Burr, the greatest lawyer
in New fork.", .
"I will not alter my opinion for all that,"
I remarked- "I have never known such an
eye ns his in an honest man's head; and what
ever may be his present eminence, and
fan reputation, I wiM venture the prediction,
that he will vet he known as a villain."
In nfier times, continued Mr. J. to me, I
had frequent reason to iec-ill my first im
pressions of the true character of Airon
Burr. D. P. T.
Montpelitr, Vt. September. 1841.
From the Richmond Enqnirer.
The. Account current?
-Let us open a fresh set of Books."
Webster! The People are rapidly recove--ing
from the fumes of the lg-c ibin hunt
bugs; and every Election, as fir as heard
from, goes more, or less, in our favor. Eve
ry shot tells. The following account is
opened by the Philadelphia Spirit of the
"Truth is MimiTr, and will Prevail."
Since the election of Harrison, and since
the Whigs have shown how they manage the
affairs of Government, six Sta'e have return
ed to their sober second thought, and the fol
lowinffvotes are the result of their unclou
Showing a total Democratic gain of ,
Well may the poet exclaim:
Truth crushed to earth will rise again
The eternal years of God are hers;
But Error, wounded, writhes in pain,
And dies amid its worshippers !
Account current continued!
Democratic tain in Georgia, 11,000.
((N. B. The Keystone State and the Empire
; State to be heard from.)
M EX ICO.
An arrival at New Orleans from Vera
Cruz confirms the intelligence already pub
lished of the general state of disaffection pre
vailing in several of the Mexican provinces,
and of the open revolt headed by Santa An
na. Every tiling indicated the near approach
of wide spread civil commotion. The Cen
sor of the 1st Sept. says:
44 Monday morning (30th Aug.) his Excel
lency D. Antonio lxmez Santa Anna arriv
ed at Fort Perote. where n sronr division
of soldiers were to be under his immediate
"This morning the English packet arrived
in our port from Tampico. letters received
from Tampico states that a general fee'ingQ" Ci'y on the 5th Oct'r 1842,
'of dissatisfaction pervades the entire popular
a great number of ci'izens
great number ol ci'izens are already com
leeting to bear arms in defence of their jtablishment. Several places on the upper
rights. The greatest enthusiasm animate, . . pMr determme( tplltin their
the whole population. We are anxiously. 1 ' ". , f ,i;.,
waiting the news from Tampico." clanntu Our neighbors of Alton are making
Mr. Wickliffe, the new Postmaster Gen
eral, has arrived, and entered upon the duties
of his office.
Messrs. Upshur and Spencer have also
entered upon their appropriate duties as Sec
rctaries of the Navy and War Departments.
The new Cabinet is now complete.
The new Secretary of the Treasury, Mr.
Forward, is decidedly opposed to a Bank;
and, from what we can gather, no Bank will
be recommended to Congress by John Tyler.
Thanks to his firmness and conscience, for
putting that evil far from us. May he avoid
all other quicksands of Federalism. Index.
The Posts definition of brevi'y.
Brevity is sometimes the soul of grief as
ntl ms ...' PVr Avtmnl. the fnllnurinrr
, .. ....... i
,rom ine v' '
Distant Elections We have nothing worse
from Maryland and nothing better from Geor-
The Preachers October. 1841
St. Louis DisL WtsLir Browmino, P.E.
ou Louis' City Wm. Patton, James L.
Forsythe, in charge ot African Church.
ermaa Mission L. o. Jacooy.
St. Louis Circuit John Reed.
Union-Horatio N. Wilber.
Merrimac To be supplied.
Potos'i Tho. T. Ashby.
Selma George W.Love.
Smith's Creek Miss. To be supplied.
Cane Girardeau DisL N. Hkkrt.P. E.
Cape Girardeau Circuit And, Peace.
New Madrid David W. Pollock.
Charleston Moses B. Evans.
Bloomheld Benj F. Love.
Greenfield John H. Deadlee.
Freedricktown N. B. Paierson.
St. Genevieve Jns.G.T. Dunlavy.
Ripley Mission To be supplied.
Springfold DisL Johh K. Lact, P. E
Sringfiehl Circuit Sam'l S. Col burn.
White Bvr Miss. Thos. Glanvilie.
Neosh -Tq be supplied.
Sarcox,- Samuel G. Patterson.
Spring RiveV Ienx-i Waugh. f
Osceola Silas Williams.
Niangeau Henry K. Armitage.
W.ivnesville Miss. Tube supplied.
Lexington Di.it. Jas. M- Jamkson, P. E-
Boonville John Thatcher.
Jefferson Cnv Jesse l Bennett.
Versailles Elisha B. Headlee.
Warsaw Fletcher Wells.
Deep Water To be supplied.
Independence Dav;d Kinnear, Joseph
Islington Huah L. Dodds.
Arrow Rock Wm P. Nichols.
Richmond DisL XV. W. Redman, P. E
Keviesville Joseph Williams.
Carrol tun John Y. Porter.
Richmond R. II- Jordan, John A Tutt.
PI iiihiirg Edwin Rolilierson.
Weston John T. Peerv.
Naiidaway rimmas B. Ruble.
Gallatin Man ah Rirhar-Uon.
Chillicoihe Conl inline F. Jiyden.
Gnindv Miss. Enoch M. Marvin.
Columbia Dixt. JrsskGrf.knk. P. E. and
Auem for Howard College.
Columbia R. R. Johnson.
Fayette Thomas Wallace.
Bioorning'on Reulien Aldridge.
Adair W.lliam M Rush.
Waterloo lr:ilroi Si ill.
Monticrllo John Monroe.
Shelby vide Manin I- Eads.
Paris Asa McMurty.
St. Charles DisL RiciMRr BoxrsP. E.
St. Charles Station Andiew Monroe
St. Charles College J. II. Fielding. Pre
sident, Andrew Monroe. Agent.
St. Charles Cir.uit John W. Dole.
Routing Geen Richard Holt.
Hannibal John Glanvilh.
Pdmv ra Station J.icoh Linius.
Fulton George Sn ith.
Danville George W. Bewlv
Wanenton J hn Xnd'Mxort.
Piclnev German Mi Sw.il.len.
liidiin Mitsion. William Johns n. Super
intendent. Shawnre Learner B. Stateler.
Indian Manual Lalwr Schooll Jerome C.
Delaware E. T. Pery.
Kickapoo Nat. M. TIbott.
Peoria & Potawatomie To be supplied.
Kansas William Johnson.
Silas Comlort, transferred to Oneida Con
ference. G-orge C. Light, transferred to Kentucky
AUin Bainl. transferred to Arkansas Con
ference. George B. Bowman, trssferred to Rock
River Conference, and stationed at Iowa
The foregoing is a true copy of the Ssta-
t tion-i of the Preachers.
W. W. REDMAN.
Sec. of Mo. Annual Conference
GSrNeit Conference to he held at Jeffer
From the Missouri Republican.
The people generally are Incoming alive
f - i ..t r i. :
to the importance ot me location oi mn o-
preparations to nave weir auvaiMngcs irjnc
sented. A meeting was lately held in
Bond county. Ills., at which a large commit
tee was appointed to investigate and repre
sent the most advantageous site within the
, f,rsl Congressional District.
These movements, if properly followed
out by the Committees, may result in great
er benefit of the west than the immediate
location of the Armory. They may result
thus in this way: If the committees are care
ful in gathering together all the statistics of
heir respective districts, and exploring all
the advantages which their respective places
possess for manufacturing and other purpo
ses, their reports will give a more full and
reliable account of the country than can be
obtained from any other source. Facts and
figures and such evidence as will leave no
ground todispute their conclusion, shonld be
The Madisonion says, that in complhnce
with the provisions of the act passed at the
'late session of Congress, the President has
directed the formation of a Board for the
purpose of "selecting a suitable site on
the Western waters for the. establishment
of a National Armory," and has designated
the following officers to compose the Board,
Brevet Brig. Gen. W. K. Armisted, Pres
Lieut. Col. S. H. Long, Tapographical
Surgeon General T. Lawson members.
The Board will proceed without delay
to the execution of the duty assigned to
Gen. ArmisteaJ we believe is now in the
west on private business.
SATURDAY, OCT. 30. 1841.
THE MISSOURI COURIER-ADJTUE
As we anticipated, -mr qundam friend of
of the Courier, in his paper of the 1 6ih
inst, js out in defence of the circular, letter
published and commented upon in this pa
per of the 9th inst. To defend the commit
tee of nine, the Courier finds it necessary
to cast some unjust and contemptible insin
uations, upon us, which we shall not con
descend to notice. They onlv serve to show
the weakness of the defence here set op.
In order that the reader may have an op
portunity of forming a correct opinion of
the gronnds, upon which this circular is jus
tified, we extract the whole of the article of
the Courier relevant to this pointr
"His sensibility has been greatly excited
because we suggested the necessity of har
monious action on the part of the Conven
tion, and for the purpose of accomplishing it.
desired to know of the democrats in the oth
er section of the State, who their candidates
would be. We were doing no more than
the Editor's friends in Pike have been doing
in regard either to himsflf or his favorite;
and we will venture the assertion that the
denunciation or the Journal would never
have been heard if some of the democrats of
Marion had given satisfactory answers to
the letters from Pike, in behalf of one of
their aspirants. The letters we have for
warded were addressed to gentlemen of the
first respectability and standing in the State
gentlemen who would be as far from the
commission of dishonorable acts, as the Edi-
' tor of the Journal, or anv other man.
We (ihon'd like to know what the Editor
means !v the insinuation contained in the
italicising the word "sF.CRr.T" in regard to
placing the name f Mr. Wright before the
public. We thought proper to print ourlet
teis instead of writing them, which would
make them fully as public as if they had
been written. They were addressed to gen
tlemen in different portions of the State,
without any injunction of secrecy, for if that
had been the case, we presume the editor
would have been deprived of the opportuni
ty of giving us the castigation we have re
ceived at his hands.
In reply to the interrogatory "what are
the necessary steps to he taken forthwith, to
harmonize the action of the Convention," we
will inform him what we meant by :iing
Puhlicavnns have been made in some of
the democratic papers recommending thei
meeting of the Convention during the pre.; l,rouSht forward by the coun.it for the de
sent Fall, and we think in the month Or ovjfncc'wass,,c,,as to ci,c a reasonable
tober. The democrat h-re did not knowi,0"l,t of ,,!s Pm,t' and almost to convince
who might be the choice of the nvtr in nth-l"
er sections of the Slate, anil for :he purpose
of harmonious nction upon the nihject, we
inform them whom we should prefer, and as
sure them that we would unite is their selec
tion." If we supposed there was the slightest
semblance of truth in the chirge, that this
mode of electioneering, had tem adopted for
the benefit of our humble self by any of our
friends, in this county or lsewhere; we i
should be readv to ei claim ii the language
I of U)e Spanish "proverb "jaw me from my
friends"! an exclamation, hich we fear
Wright has made bebre
.traL-urem however is too sldlow to need e -
posure, and we sh-'l net sofar underate the
readers discernment, as to attempt it. To
the Courier, we award the tonor of beingthe
nomination for Congress. If one the aspi-
rants irom wis oouniy, tave neen egagedj
in a simuiar business, o it our "lavonte
has been writing similur letters, we are
at the first of it. Wi should1 hardly sup
pose that either ol then. was so soft as that
to write to Mirion wth the view f gt
ting the demociafs-f Marion to sup
port bis pretensions 6nfondition that fa sol
his friends would support the choice of Messrs
Blakey, Sooth, & Co ' No one supposes'
that we cad get more than one member on'
the Mississippi and it would be the merest
childs play to engage in any such scheme of
bargain and sale as'the Courier intimates.
The Courier says: "The democrats here
did not know who might be the choice of tho
party, in other sections the State, and for
the purpose of harmonious action upon, the
subject, we inform themwhom we should prefer
and azure them that we would unite in their
selection.7 If we comprehend this it is any
thing bat a fair offer. These gentlemen
know quite well that there are not less than
5 applicants for every membership to which
we shall be entitled, and knowing this they
have said to those five, and to the friends of
each we suppose, "t you will support Mr -WrighL
we will svpport your cAotce."all ac cept
the proposition, there must he fool ptsy
with some of them this committee of nine
and their friends, can't sustain the selections
made hyevery clique in the State, without'
provng false to some of them. But tb what
portions of the State were these letters
sent? Were all sent Sooth of the' river?
Were they few or many? If few, why not
have written them if many, they were hold
ing out false promises promises of influence
and support which could never be complied ".
with. But we shall pursue this subject no
futher at present. The course of this Com
mittee is wholly indefensible and the ex-
planation and defence of the Courier do not -mend
the matter in the least.
The new Cabinet is now complete and is
Daniel Webster of Mass. Secretary of
Walter Forward of Penn., Secretary of
Abel P. Upshur of Va. Secretary of Na- -vy.
John C. Spencer of N. York, Secretary of
Hugh S. Legare of S.: C, Attorney Gen
Charles S. Wickliffo of Ky Postmaster
We are highly gratified to see an effort
made on the part of some of our citizens to
establish a Lyceum in our village. It has
been a source of surprise to many that com
prising as much intelligence, as Bowling
Green does, an attempt has not made before
this to establish an institution of the kind.
In almost every village that we can hear of,
some such undertaking has been engaged.in
and we heartily rejoice, that our yoi'Pjtirien
are beginning to appreciate the advantages
which must be derived from participating in
a work that has a tendency to exercise and
expand the mind.
In another calumn will be found a commuS.
nication on the subject in which is proposed),' .
a day for organizing the society. We trust
that our citizens generally will attend with a
determination to assist in establishingan insti
tution that will be alike productive of im
provement and amusement.
In accordance with public expectation the.
jury in thi- case brongh in a verdict of Not
Gnilu. The trial is said to have been con
duced with great ahilitv, both on the part
of the prosecution and for the defence.
We en'ertain few doubts as ,to the
justice of the decision as the testimony
unpreju.nce.i mind thai wcUeod
was not present at the destruction of the
Corolme. The presiding Judge, charged
the jury in an able speech of more than two
hurs,which though remarkable for ability was
decidedly partial to the prisoner. The fears
entertained bv many that his acquittal would v
he attended with great excitemen and that
he would fall a victim to the fury of an en
raged populace appear to have been totally
When discharged by the court he manifes
ted no dread of personal violence, from the
hands of any but received with ease the .
""'"lation of his friends, and was treated j
s,u" wlin marKea respecu tie
DpW V 3 f boMlia.
f hav,nS hhd"ad 4 Yankee."
Our returns are highly favorable to the
Democrats la Pennsylvania the majority
for Governor is about 20,000. Both House
of the Legislature are decidedly Democrat
ic the Lower House by a large maioritr- '
In "Old Burks" alone the majority it our
presidential election br the Feds was nearly
4000 the majority for the Democrats 7
now near 5000. ' "I
r rom Ohio w have not had full returns.
I f .
i -i , -