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THE MACON ESACON. HACOH, 1IIS3.
SIXTY TWO lira
AERO FLOTILLA DROPS
THAN 150 SHELLS ON GER
MAN ARMS FACTORY.
LARGEST AIR RAID YET
Much Damage Believed to Have Been
Done by Bombardment From Sky.
Thirty Sheila Wers of Large
Paris Sixty-two French aviators,
on Aur. 25, flew ovit a German arms
factory to tin north of Saariouin,
throwing down u total of inort: than
f,o shell. Thirty were of laro cal
Announcement of the atrial raid Is
made In a war officii MaC'iin-tit Auk.
1!6. The statement reads:
"I luring part of last night t lnr;
were artillery exchanges and lighting
with bund grenade and other explo
sives in the Arotls district, In the vf
cinity of Houi he. and Nuevllle.
"Around Hove there has heen con
tinned marked activity on the part of
the enemy's artillery as well uh our
"In the Argnnne district, In the Hec
tor of 1-a Folio Morte, yesterday aw
Jalrly severe tlKlitinK with bomtm and
"Nothing of linportanco ban been
reported from the remainder of tha
"During the day of Aug. 24 a French
aviator threw down bombs on the rail
road of OfTenburg, In Baden, 17 miles
from Karlsruhe. At this point tbero is
tin Important railroad Junction In the
"On Auk. 25 an aerial squadron com
posed of four groups, and including a
total of C2 aviators, (lew over the
heights of Iielllngen. Here there !r a
factory where hIicIIs and armor plate
lire made. The location of this plant
Jh to the north of Saarlouls, In Rhen
ish I'rusnla. HO miles southeast of
Treves. The aviators threw down with
precision over 150 bombs, 30 of which
were of large calibre."
So far as official reports have dis
closed, there never has been previous
ly an air raid of Mich magnitude. In n
few earlier ventures 30 or more aero
planes were. used.
PreRs dispatches have Indicated that
the belllKerents have built great num
bers of aeroplanes, and these are now
sent forth In flotillas for organized as
sault on a large scale.
The raid was the third In this part
of Germany In the last three weeks.
On Auk. 9 Hnarbruecken was bombard
ed and threo days later the neighbor
ing town of Saint Ongbert and Zwel
bruecken were attacked. Eight pel
nous were killed In the latter raid.
SUBMARINE OPENED FIRE
Captain and Other Members of Dlomed
Are Killtd and Vessel Is Sent
Queenstown. The British steam
ship Dlomed has been sunk by a Ger
man submarine. Her captain, quarter
master and steward were killed by
shells fired by the submarine during a
pursuit of four hours.
An officer of the Dlomed, who
landed here Aug. 23 with other sur
vivors, says that two submnrlnes were
sighted. According to this report
Ibey were rigged with dummy funnels.
One of them, this officer asserts, sub
jected the Dlomed to heavy shell fire.
The liner attempted to escape, but
surrendered after being pursued for
four hours. Two boats were lowered
and 49 members of the crew got away,
taking with them the captain's body.
The submarine stood off while the
Hold British Steamer.
Newport News, Custom officials
fiere have refused to grant clearance
paper Bto the Hrltlsh steamer Wal-
papers to the Hrltlsh steamer Wal
rled a four-inch rifle mounted on her
main deck aft. Washington was asked
for a ruling- as to whether the Wal
mana was amenable to the agreement
between the United States and Great
Britain forbidding the clearance of
armed Hrltlsh merchantmen from
Captain Holmes explained that the
pun was mounted as a protection
Amsrlcan Marines Fired On.
Washington. American marine pa
trols in Port-au-Prince were fired on
twice, but no troops were hurt and
Rear Admiral Caperton on Aug. 26 re
ported conditions unchanged.
Air Raid on Constantinople.
London. Bombardment of the out
skirts of Constantinople by a Russian
aeroplane squadron, resulting In the
death or Injury of 41 persons, Is an
nounced In a dispatch from Athens to
the Central News.
According to these advices the at
tack was made Aug. 23 on the Asiatic
suburbs of Constantinople. A num
ber of bombs were dropped, throwing
the people into panic. Thirty Turks,
eight Greeks and three Armenians
were killed or wounded.
ADVANCE ON GALLIPOLI
Britith Extend and Contolidate Lines
Along a Front of 12 Mile. New
Zealanderc Use Bayonet
London. Recent operations on thft
Ciiliiinll ixTilnsiila have enabled the
! British troops to extend materially
MOREjt;,,. (,rea In their poFsegslon and to
! ......a ,...!, Hn,,u i.lfiriv u frittlt r,f
more than 12 miles, tiays an official
statement iued here on tho night of
K. Ashmeade liar'lett, who reprt
Kents the London papers a the Dar
danelles, describes In a dispatch the
operations of the Australians ai
New Zealanders, which began on Aug.
fi. with a view to seizing the. Kojache
man Heights, runni"" northeast from
the Anzac positions.
The New Zealanders, Including the
Maorle, using bayonets only, drove
the Turks before thern throughout the
night of Aug. C through difcult ra
vines, where Turkish snipers were
numerous. The death toll of the in
vaders was severe.
"The struggle," says the corres
pondent, "con'lnued on Auk. 7. Much
ground was gained, but the advance
was ultimately held by the Turks'
rifles and machine guns. The fighting
was renewed on the following day at
close quarters and was desperate. The
Turks finally lied, leaving the New
Zealanders In possession of the high
est point yet gained on the penin
sula. "Counterattacks were repulsed by
the military and naval artillery. From
Aug. 8 to the evening of Aug. 12 the
landing and advance of Anafarta Hay,
supported by artillery, were success
ful, occupying a wide front on the hills
beyond the Salt Lake. The enemy's
position on the Anafarta ridge, how
ever, remained untouched. The prob
lem waB how to take It."
SAY TURKEY S DEFEAT NEAR
Allies Are Optimistic Over Reports
Received of Operations on the
lyondon Optimistic reports, con
cerning the (lallipoli operations have
been In circulation for the past few
days and prophesies are freely made
that a few weeks will see the close of
the allies' most difficult task 'In the
near east. The Turks, too, expect the
Anglo French forces to be successful,
If news reaching Sofia from Constanti
nople Is reliable.
It Is felt here now that so far as
the Dardanelles are concerned, it Is a
matter of Indifference to the alllcR
whether the Halkans lend a hand.
Their assistance Is wanted, however,
against Austria, and also to shorten
Turkish resistance If the straits are
opened. For these reasons negotia
tions In the near east are being watch
ed closely and Servla's decision on tho
proposals of the quadruple entente for
satisfying the aspirations of Bulgaria,
is awaited anxiously.
It Is believed In London that Serv
ian reply will be satisfactory and that
Bulgaria's co-operation will be as
sured. This would open tho way also
for an active policy on the part of
Roumanla, who wants assurances Bul-
garla will not Httack her before she
commences to move her troops. It Is
confidently expected all theso ques
tions will be settled satisfactorily to
the allies and that within the same pe
rlod the future policy of Greece wll'
be announced definitely.
BULGARIA AIDS TURKEY
Ottoman Goevrnment Grants Seaport
For Privilege of Bringing War
Munitions Through Country.
Herllu. The following statement
has been given out:
"Official reports from Sofia and
Constantinople state that Turkey and
Hulgarla have signed a new treaty,
Turkey granting Hulgarla her desired
direct railroad connection with the
sea, and Hulgarla agreeing to observe
a benevolent neutrality."
This demonstrates the definite fail
ure of the efforts of the entente
powers to revive alliance of the Hal
kan states and Induce them to join
In the war against Turkey.
Unofficial reports late in July stat
ed that a convention had been signed
on July 22, by which Turkey ceded
to Hulgarla the Turkish portion of the
Dedeaghatch Railway. The reports
stated that the treaty left Bulgaria
That Hulgarla had not been pledged
to any course as regards the war has
been the assumption under which ne
gotiations have been conducted by the
allies. Several unofficial reports con'
cernlng Bulgaria's diplomatic activi
ties appeared to confirm this view.
Boy Killed at Ball Game.
Whttesburg. Ky. Rorester Adams,
13, was almost Instantly killed when
he was struck by a thrown ball, while
watching a game between playmates.
Georgia Cotton Crop.
Atlanta, Ga. Cotton acreage In
Georgia Is off 18 per cent from last
year, and the general condition of the
crop is off 27 per cent from last year,
according to estimates compiled from
correspondents throughout tho state
by the Central Hank and Trust Cor
poration. The crop for Georgia for
19151916 is estimated at 2,030,000
bales. The report states that tho cot
ton growers are in better shape finan
daily than in many years.
GERIilY 10 K
IMS 0. S.
DANGER OF BREAK WITH U. 8.
OVER ARABIC IS BE
REPARATION IS SUGGESTED
Teutons Are Ready to Consider Me
diation of Undersea War. Will
Disavow Acts of Subma
Washington. Diplomatic develop
ments in the Arabic case are such that
the end of the entire controversy with
Germany Is In sight, it Is believed, with
Germany prepared to concede all the
demands of the United States on the
understood condition that this govern
ment carry out Its suggestion of me
diation between flermany and Great
Hritain on the freedom of the seas.
All danger, therefore, of a break
between the two governments appeals
to have pusssed..
Germany has Informed the United
States officially that for several
months her submarine commanders
have been acting under instructions
not to torpedo vessels without giving
wartlng. Germany has Indicated also
that nhe understands giving warning
to mean that all persons on the vessels
have time and opportunity to getaway
safely in their boats. '
Count Von Hernstorff, the German
ambassador, has assured Secretary of
State Lansing that If the evidence
chows conclusively that the subma
rine commander disregarded his In
structions and torpedoed the Arabic
without warning, the German govern
ment will disavow the act and offer
reparation for the lives of the two
Americans, Mrs. Josephine L. Bru-
gulere and Dr. Edmond T. Woods.
The German government will either
Bend a note to this government, In re
ply to the last note of the United
States on the sinking of he Luaitanla,
or will send instructions to Ambassa
dor Von Hernstorff to take the matter
up personally at the State Department
and arrive at a satisfactory adjust
ment of the controversy. The belief Is
that the latter method will be fol
lowed. The fact that action of this
kind Is to be taken Is proof In Itself
that Germany has decided to yield to
the United States, as It was the under
standing between the two governments
that Germany would make no reply
to the last note of the State Depa-
ut iil unison si. an vuui v v vw tn
favorable action on the demands of tl
From the German standpoint the
principal points in the last note of the
United States were the demand that
Germany disavow the sinking of the
Lusitania and promise reparation for
the loss of American lives; the re
quest for assurances that there would
be no repetition of the offense In the
future, and the suggestion that the
United States attempt to bring about
an understanding between Germany
and Great Britain regarding the free
dom of the seaR.
WEAK POLICY SAYS T. R.
former President Declares That United
States "Plays Ignoble Part Among
Nations" in Address.
riuttsburg, N. Y. Theodore Roose
velt, In an address on the night of
August 25, at the military instruction
camp here, declared that for thirteen
months the United States had "played
nn Ignoble part among nations," In
that it had "tamely submitted to see
ing the weak, whom we have cove
nanted to protect, wronged," and "had
seen our men, women and children
murdered on the high seas without ac
tion on our part."
The former president condemned
the government for having "not taken
the smallest step in the way of prepar
edness to defend our own rights."
Germany he condemned as "utterly
brutal and ruthless in Its disregard
of International law." and declared
that it would be a "base abandonment
of morality" for American manufact
urers of munitions of war to refuse to
make shipments "for the use of the
armies that are striving to restore
Belgium to Its own people."
Munition makers who refuse to
make such shipments should be put,
he said, on a "roll of dishonor." He
added that they should be encouraged.
"so that we may be able to hold our
own when the hour of peril comes to
us in our turn."
Villa Commander Is Wounded.
Washington. Official advices said
Gen. Hernandes, Villa's commander at
Icamole, near Monterey, had been
wounded and loet part of his staff in a
recent battle with Carranza troops.
Paris. It Is learned here that the
Turks, preparing for an allied Inva
sion of Palestine, are digging trenches,
around Nazareth and several other
places famous in history. By means
of these trenches they also are draw
lng away the water from the River
Jordan In she vicinity of Tiberias, but
whether this Is for the purpose of de
fense Is not clear. Many hisoric build
Ings have been razed to make way for
artillery fire, among them being the
Terra Santa Convent.
I TO AID HANDLING COTTON
McAdoo Says U. S. Treasury Will De
posit $30,000,000 in Southern Re
serve Banks for Farmers.
Washington. Treasury officials on
Aug. 23 made public an announcement
by Secretary McAdoo that, in view of
the action of the allies In putting cot
ton on the contraband list, he would,
if it became necessary, deposit $30.
000,000 or more in gold In the Federal
Reserve Hanks at Atlanta, Dallas and
Richmond for the purpose of enabling
the reserve banks to re-discount loans
on cotton Becured by warehouse re
ceipts made by national banka and
state banks belonging to the federal
The gold would be deposited tem
porarily, at least, without Interest
charge. It was explained that If it
appeared that the object could be ac
complished with greater efficiency
thereby, the deposits would be made
directly with national bank agreeing
to lend the money on cotton at a rate
not to exceed 6 per cent.
Secretary McAdoo authorized the
announcement from his summer home
at North Haven, Me. It eame at the
close of a day of speculation In of
ficial circles as to the nature of steps
which the entente powers have Indi
cated they will take to uphold the cot
ton market In the face of their con
NEWPORT FLOOD IMPROVES
Estimated Property Loss in Arkansas
Town Swept by White River
$3,000,000. No Lives Lost.
Newport, Ark The White river
flood has receded more than two feet
since the crest of the rise passed the
city Aug. 25, and now part of the side
walks of the city are free from water.
The levee on the south side of the
city was dynamited Aug. 25, letting
the water that was held in the city by
this dump pass out, and this lowered
the water in the town several Inches.
Relief trains are able to reach the
city and food can be secured, but
funds are lacking with which to pur
chase food and tents to the homeless,
many of whom will not be able to re
turn to their homes for several days.
No deaths have been reported in the
city from drowning or otherwise as a
result of the high water, but the prop
erty loss and destitute condition of
the homeless refugees passes belief
and cannot well be exaggerated. The
estimated property loss of $3,000,000
to $4,000,000 cannot be verified until
the waters recede, but It Is thought
the sum Is not overestimated.
City officials state that the great-
st need for the flood sufferers right
pw Is tents and fresh vegetables, flour
iid meat, all of which can be pro
cured with funds, which are urgently
needed. Little Rock, Batesvllle and
Brlnkley have come to the assistance
of the refugees with cash subscrip
tions and the national lodge of Elks
has notified J. M. Gibson, district dep
uty exalted ruler, of a cash donatlor
AERO SINKS SUBMARINE
British Flyer Successfully Drops Bomb
on German Undersea Boat at
Ostend. Enemy Nearby.
London. A German submarine has
been destroyed near Ostend, Belgium,
by a bomb dropped by an aeroplane.
Official announcement to this effect
was made here Aug. 26.
The text of the statement follows :
"The secretary of the admiralty an
nounces that squadron uommanaer
Arthur W. Bigsworth, R. N., destroyed,
single-handed, a German submarine
this morning by bombs dropped froi.i
an aeroplane. The submarine was ob
served to be completely wrecked and
sank off Cstend.
"In the case referred to above, the
brilliant feat of Squadron Commander
Bigsworth was performed In the im
mediate neighborhood on the coast in
occupation of the enemy, and the po
sition of the sunken submarine has
been located by a German destroyer."
SERBIA GRANTS ITALY'S PLEA.
Balkan Solution Clears With Concee
sions by Nlsh Government.
Milan. One of the main difficulties
to a solution of the Balkan problem
favorable to the entente powers has
been settled, according to an inter
view with Premier Pachltch, of Ser
bia, published in the Corriere dela
Serra. The premier is quoted as
saying that Serbia has given way tr
Italy regarding Albania.
Cruiser Sails With Marines
Philadelphia. With 360 marines
aboard, the cruiser Tennessee sailed
from the Philadelphia navy yard Aug
26, probably for Haiti. Capt. Decker,
it was said, had either been given di
rectlons or orders would be given him
by wireless at sea.
Disaster In Channel Rumored.
Paris. Rumors of a mishap of
channel steamer from Folkestone to
Rnulorne are circulated widely. Rail
way officials had a report the vessel
met with an accident and returned to
Folkestone The official press bu
reau on Aug. 23 was without informa
800 Corset Workers Strike.
Bridgeport, Conn. About S00 worn
en and girls employed In the George
C. Batchellor Company s snops ana
Crown Corset factory, struck Aug. 23
RESULT OF SECOI
P1IY IS CLOSE
ROBERT80N WINS IN RACE FOR
STATE REVENUE AGENT
BROWN AGAIN IS AHEAD
Lat Returns Indicate That Present
Land Commissioner Will Retain
Office. Official Count Nec
essary In Two of Races.
Stokes V. Robertson of Hattiesburg
will win the race for state revenue
agent of Mississippi over Chas. J.
Mnnrs hv at least 10.000 votes, ac
cording to returns from every county
in the state except three. The vote
In the second primary was a light
From what are regarded as fairly
accurate returns M. A. Brown is again
in the lead for the land commissioner-
ship over Henry C. Wood. Early re
turns from the primary indicated Mr.
Brown, the present Incumbent, would
win the office, but as the vote be
came more complete Wood forged
ahead. However, Mr. Brown's vote
again took the lead, and last returns
at hand Indicated his selection by
somewhere In the neighborhood of
As In the land commissioner's race,
the official count may be necessary
to determine the contest for peniten
tiary trustee in the Third or Northern
With but two counties to hear from
In the race for the railroad commls-
slonershlp from the First or Middle
District, Jas. R. McDowell leads Geo.
R. Edwards by less than 100 votes.
Issaquena and WMnston, the counties
missing, may change the result either
way, as these counties are believed
to be pretty evenly divided between
the two candidates.
With Benton County only to hear
from add with the returns from Mont
gomery incomplete, less than 857 sep
arated the total received by J. E.
Matthews and L. J. Stone for the pent-
tentiary trusteeship for the Northern
District. The latter was leading.
Officials at the state capitol will
receive no returns and no organiza
tion was perfected to receive returns
for state contests, so the result of the
closely contested races may not be
sufficiently definite from press re
turns to decide who the winners are
until the official count Is made wher
the state committee meets.
Wells Elected Hinds' Sheriff.
Interest in the second primary al
most equal to that in the first was
shown in all parts of Hinds County,
rhere the race for sheriff between
Will Wells of Bolton, and A. C. Crow-
der of Jackson, reached the exciting
stage. The election of Mr. Wells was
conceded at an early hour, however,
the heavy vote he received in Jack
son, the Crowder stronghold, Indicat
ing a victory for the Bolton candi
date. The count resulted, Wells
1,798, against 1,393 for Crowder.
Normal Opens Sept. 14.
It is officially announced that the
1915-16 session of the Mississippi
Normal College at Hattiesburg will be
opened on September 14 with pros
pects for a larger attendance of pros
pective matriculates than ever before.
This information is given in the Nor
mal Bulletin, which has just been Is
sued. There were 985 students en
rolled at the last term, of whom 883
took the full curriculum, and the re
maining 102 took special courses pre
paratory to taking the state examina
tion for professional teachers' license
Indians In Jackson.
An Indian mother with two little
ones attracted a good deal of atten
tion in this city recently. Both the
mother and the youngsters were ap
parelled in the picturesque garb that
Beems to delight the original Amer
Jitneys In Legal Fight
Whether the City of Jackson or any
other municipality in the state has
sufficient power undc the general
law to regulate jitney operators with
out the enactment of specific legisla
tion seems to be a moot point, upon
which Jackson lawyers seem to dis
agree. Some of the lawyers contend
that each jitney car operated comes
under the head of a common carrier.
The jitney lawyers, on the other
hand, contend that they are not com
mon carriers any more than hack
lines, taxicabs or animals and vehicles
which are hired out by livery stables
Bank Clearings Increase.
The bank clearings of Jackson for
the week ending Aug. 21, according
to the report of the Bradstreet
agency, showed a total of $347,000 as
compared with $364,000 for the pre
vious week, an increase of 3.5 per
cent, as compared with the same
week last year.
The clearings at VIcksburg totaled
$178,000 against $234,000 for the pre
vious week, an increase of 5.6 per
cent as compared with the same week
OUSTER IS FILED
Oil SCHOOL BOARD
SUMRALL CITY COUNCIL MAKES
CHARGES AGAINST CITY
ENTIRE TOWN WILL MOVE
Wisner, Smith County, witn Kopuia-
tion of 800 Will Move, Lock,
Stock and Barrel, to
umrall Ouster proceedings have
been Instituted by the mayor ana
board of aldermen of Sumrall against
the board of trustees of the city
Certain charges were made, it is
said, against Supt. Williams that cer
tain teachers were suspended bu
given permission to appear before
the board of trustees to show cause
why they should not be retained an
other year. They failed to show up
on the day named but let it be known
that they Intended to sue the town of
Sumrall for their salaries for the next
session on the ground that they were
duly elected and were discharged
The board of trustees is alsc
charged with irregularities in hand
ling the school fund of the city.
Entire Town Will Move.
Laurel. Wisner, a thriving town of
about 800 population, located just over
the Jones county line in Smith county.
will soon be no more. In its stead
will rise the town of Cohay, twelve
miles distant, In the same county, and
with practically the same citizenship.
Wisner has been headquarters for
the logging crew of the Laurel mill
of Eastman, Gardiner & Co., for ten
years and has grown steadily. The
town boasts one of the finest Y. M. C,
A. organizations in the country, a
postofflce, general store, drug store,
meat market, barber shop, electric
light plant and many other conveni
ences. It has a mayor and board of
aldermen and a complete sat of or
dinances, which will become a part of
the new town of Cohay. ,
Mob Was. Foiled.
Natchez. An attempt to lynch Bob
Baker and King Lyons, negroes, held
at Vidalia and charged with the mur
der of WTalter Zimmerman near Fish
Pond on Aug. 12, was frustrated by
Sheriff Eugene Campbell and the pris
oners brought to Natchez in a skiff.
They were kept in jail here over night
and then hurried to another place,
supposedly Tallulah. It is said that
an attempt was made to Induce the
sheriff to leave Vidalia by those who
wished to lynch the negroes. A tele
phone message to him, it is said,
stated that a murder had been com-
mitted some distance from Vidalia and
that he was wanted at once. The sus
picions of the officer had been arous
ed, however, and he did not go. The
of Zimmerman was cold-blooded and
murder of Zimmerman was cold blood
ed andbrutal. Baker, whoconfessed to.
the murder and Implicated Lyons, waa
employed by Zimmerman, and shot him,
negroe's hat. Using this as evidence,,
the officers forced him to tell the
details. Pallbearers Have Fight.
Yazoo City. Joe Stucky and an
other negro became involved in a
quarrel at a negro funeral six miles.
south of Yazoo City on the Yazoo
river which resulted in Stucky badly
cutting the other black. The two
negroes were pall bearers and quar
reled as to which one of them should
carry the head end of the coffin in
which the corpse lay. J. F. Bible,
specially deputized to arrest Stucky
was badly cut on the wrist when th
negro made a successful attempt ta
get away. He was later captured and
Storm Victim Buried.
Booneville. The remains of Walter
Williams, army wireless operator In.
the Twenty-third U. S. Infantry, who.
was killed by the collapse of a brick
buildlrg at Texas City In which he-
and other soldiers had taken refuge
during the Galveston storm, arrived
at this place and were Interred Aug.
24. Mr. Williams was 28 years old:
and enlisted in the army in 1907, was,
the son of the late Walter William
Mob Shoots Negro to Death.
Tlshmlngo. Dick Meridith, colore' j
who was shot by John Paden, colorA'
and was lodged in the calaboose heire-
Aug. 22 was taken from his prljoa
Aug. 24 by persons unknown, .sup
posed to be colored, and sh6t to
Shoots Her Stepfather.
Meridian. Alleging that her step-.
father, M. J. Quigley, a machinists
knocked her down and that he had'
mistreated his wife, her mother, Mrs..
A. J. Hatch on Aug. 22 fired a bullet,
from a 38-calibre pistol into the sUm
ach of Quigley. who is at a local hos.
pital and not expected to live.
Owing to the fact that Mrs. Hatch;
bas two small children, she was placedi
under arrest, but allowed to stay at
home pending the result of her step
tatner s woun