Newspaper Page Text
Address of the Central Commit
Tlio next, end perliapt the ony remalingn
case, which the limits to which we are rest feted
will permit ua to spread a fully before the peo-
teot iWis'omi" as werJcire, ia that of William
'. Harris, n Rec iver of PnHric Monies, tit Co
lumluis, M:ss:ssippi. lie wts a notorious drunk,
ard, and a monthly defaulter, yet was he kept in
ohVe on the principle of " hotter let it be fm
between two and three years, and was at last per
nmted to resign (honorably!) after he had
picked and stolen, from month to month, about
$100,000. If the following correspondence be
not sutficient to fix the blush of deep disgrace
on the Secretary, on the Piesident, and on all
concerned ; and if it be not sufficient, moreover,
to convince every man, that so lone as the sys
tem denounced by Col. Benton in lS'2b, and by
General Jackson in 1S29. remains unaltered,
"corruption, rrcvLAtvm and THEFT will be
the order of the day," we confess we shall de-
p-iir of seisin? our fellows convinced ' though one
were to rise from the deed-"
To a coirect concention of tha taw of Harri
(which issslected from scores of others) we will
first copy from (ho circular letters of Mr. Taney,
and suhseqnently those of Mr. Woodbury, to
various Receiver., all over the country. These
circulars were intended to be shown to the people,
in order to impress Mem wi h a favorable opinion
of the s'rietnc.'S and attention of the administra
tion, wltile fife correspondence and the practice
'Wliteti lollows will show that the shnm and decep
lion were well understood amongst the head men
Number I, of the letters to receivers, is dated
'January 1G, 1834. is directed to R. B. Sterling,
and concludes as follows :
"I will only further add that the obligation to de
posite the puV.ie money promptly, and to render
your rerurns ana accounts punctually, are impera
tive, ami must, in Iniure, be regarded as paramount
tO AM OTHER DUTIES "
On the lSih of May '-1834, Mr. Taney wrote
to j. vv. Dickson,, receiver at Mount Salua,
Mississippi, as follows ;
"Certificates of deposite are to be addressed to
inisothce; these, and the prompt and pun :lua! de
posite of the puh'ic tnnneu, are to be regarded as r.ir
amount duties, the strict performance of which will
M insisieu on.
After this, Mr. Taney having been elevated to
tha bench of the Supreme Court, iu consideration
01 his obsequiousness in removing the nuM'e de
posites from the Na'.'onal to ibState Banks.
fThe pirtv are against State Banks now ! and
Mr. Woodbury having been promoted to the
Treasury desk, he addressed the following to
. -r o r .
Bu.ue i uio deceivers :
"I reret to be under the necessity of noticing
your omissions to make returns fur the months of
April, May, and June last. Bv c circular, dttted the
IiJt.li r January last, Vou were advisnd of the lie
eessitv of prwniititud in this respect. It. remains
that I should nnin remind vou, once for all. that
tnis It afjuty which muni he puncturi1' taervl."
In a letter to the reeejvsr at Augusta, Missis.
'PP'. dated August 4, 1831, he says:
"Upon the subject of the request made in your
leitrr or me utn instant. I bave to observe, thai
the Deportment earini relax in the reflations pre-
j.if.mj iL. ---.'..J- l J .... ... ...
On the 30th January, 1835, he writes to the
receiver at Helena :
"The Department having received no duplicate
tf the monthly returns required by its regulations.
MinviM rue transactions ot vour oltice since vour
appointment, it becomes proper to chII vour imme
diate attention to this duty ; ami to inform you that
punctua'ity in tin reject, mi in the deposite of Ihe
nt.i ir money, are to tie recanted as paramount du-
men, ann win on insisted on accordingly.
To Linn. ie :eiver at Vandalia, he says, Feb.
Tuary .sj :
'Once fur all, then, I will inform vou that a
trict observance of the regulations nf the Deparl-
tnw.i! tor tut periodical deposite i.j the public money.
and the transmission of your sceocnts and return':',
are paramount duties, the neglect of which will hi
reported for the action of the Executive."
To the receiver at Demopolis lie writes, Feb
ruary 20, 1635 :
'I embrace the occasion lo say to you, once fiir
all, that punctua'ity in making your returns and d
pocitcs of the puh'ic moneys, nre ft he regarded as
paramount duties, the nee, net of winch will bore
port"! for the act inn of the Exe; wive."
Again, February 28, 1S35, in a circular to
tfie fifteen receive! j :
"I cnmit un it the occasion to impress upon yon
the necessity of a strict attention to, und punctual
compliance wo i, the unties rcqnireil nt vim in r'
pard to the prompt deposite of the public, money, and
transRii'-hii: of yoi.r returns ; anil to say to von
that the performance of those duties must bo re
garded as paramount S3 all oik rs in your oJlicia
Again, July 31. 1S35, the Secretary write to
fhs receiver at Helena:
"The regular d, pnsite of tha "hole of the public
nvnevs, as pre-ensed bv the reputations lit thr
Treassrr, and the punctual transri.issiun ol vour
Bceo'iiiU and ra-B'lily returns, arr p iramuunl tfcial
So mu-h, fellow cit'ierk, for the outside of the
public business the pait which the penple trtre
to be shown, smd whn h is all, doubtless, they
ever would have seen, but lor te probin" optr
atiors of a Concessional coniuiittee. We tome
now to the inside of the house to the manner
in which all these fait prnftss'm;is were understood
by i parties in tliort to the pmof that this
"paramount duty was not only ?iot enforced,
out its repeated and fappnren'lv) conteiuptuou
disregard winked at, overlooked and counten
'o official report of a ConresMonal cotniui'tce
or other public ilsciiiiicnt, in any way exposing; tin
wronps ami inul-truc'i'es of the adiiniiistrariun
even finds its way to to Missouri, by the agency ol
i air senators or lippresentutives. llus eiiuiienilv
partial and unfair cuurse tliis aliusc of the fr.iuk
irijf privilege, which was intended to proinoie the
fair and nn.iurtial disso'ionntiun ot light and trutl
aniongt all the people is thn main reason win
pany delusion las been perpetuated in Mi-souri
and .New Hampshire more than in unv other Mate
in the Union. This is the effect of the jcnerd.'
Iiew svstein anil this was one of the main rea
Hons urijed fur its uduntion. The lenders of the
party feared the tight whirii would he shed iipim
public atUirs, stiiinlrf the Mule tie nisi rieted anil
even one Whig be sent to Lunnre-s ! Will not tin
pttople, however thy may ilitl'er in other respects
aum;ti their canduinies fur the Lrjishitiire In plrujrt-
tloriselvei specinea'lv in this respect? (., Jji.i,.
ton, him-e!f, in liiK leitcr of li'H, deiiuiuueil "the
tyranny of the generdl ticket vmeiu ;" and wliai
was "tyranny" then is made to haml-muid aaii
concealer of rorruptiuti miw ! In ll e menn time,
wehiir to hear no pa rintic Vk'ailin;s frmn the au
t'uort of this C'.oss iniiistic-v.hia pureniim ol
the object of ti. frnnliinjf privilege should thr
atudicd and unjust neglect ot our own rcprescir.il
tinea be partiaHy coiinterNCtcd by tlw I. i mines ol
m of our If icnojiu Conjjieds fru:u oilier Ktatea
They ha... tc44 wrrWn to, from many emiiiiies, in
reference to ul: and alihoii(fh ihey may
lie denounced, aceitijiiig u th sianf of the day, as
"fadtralists," we beii-.v. tl time has gae bt
wh in such catch-word (aa t'ulae as they are p"n
cral) will inflcmce ' vr'!tei t uwn who :fcA
ft Mi'-Wiu x
anced, nntil the Receiver, himself as if in very
shama, could stBnd it no longer and resigned!
The correspondence with Harris commences
during Mr. Tanev's administration of the Treas
ury Dcpnitmcnt. fiom whom there nre some two
or three letters complaining of his neglect of
official duty but we quote only those of Mr.
Uoo'i&ttrjf. the present Secretary.
"Tkeasuiy Department. Feb. 0, 1H:i5.
Sir: I rejrret that there should he occasion fur
strain calling vour attention to the finifsinn to r'n-
'er vour monthlv diiplicate returns to this office, for
the tnonths of November and December, (those he
inp in arrear.) and to remind vou that punctuality
in this respect is tmiispensahle.
"I am. ivn.
"Srcr(arv of the. Treasury.
W. P. IlAaats, F-q.
Receiver of Public Money, Columbus, Miss."
"Treasury Department, March 17. 1R.75.
"Sir: Hnvinir rec jvedno monthlv duMicnte re
turn of the t'anectinns of vour nftlce since tlmt f.ir
thn month of O ber'ast, itheeouies mv iinnlenssnt
duty to csll vour immed'n'n attention to the oinis.
iim. Allow me to exruess a hupp that them rnnv
he no further oecaion to remind vou "f the imn"r-
taneeof punctuality in tha transmissions of these
'Secretary of the 1'r-nrtry.
"W. P. Harris, Coluudms, Mi.ssissippi."
"Treasury Department, lime 25. lwo
ir: Muring in a communication anuresed to
vou on the 17lh of March last, and on several prior
occasinuaf Urged. upon yon the indisiiensa'ile nuce.-.
"ity of Mii-t at'enlion of makitirf vour monthlv
return ld Anflinf Chat no returns have ieen e.
ceied;frpajr:Vnji sine',thiit for the month if Nil
vembet last, it iwi-omo my nnDleasanl rtutv to sav
'O yriu, that ,il thi;fl n arear are not transmitted
by return Of 'mnil. I shall be constrained to report
your neglect for thenctiun of the Executive.
'tVii I ani. tie.
'Secretary of the Treasury.
"Receiver of Public Money, Columbus."
'T.tAsuRY Department, Aunst2S, 1S35.
;'ir: Acreeahlv to the intimotion ffiven you in
tnv le'ler of the 25'h June, it has hecoine mv disa
ereeal 'e duty to report your continued neplect to
tlie rr sident. who has instructed me to sav to vn
that if the monthly returns required from you hv
the refutations ot the I reaurv. v hieh are in rr
rears, nre not received at the Dennrtment on ot tie.
fore the 10'h of October next, vou will then be dis-
misiit i from uiTice.
"I am. &e.
"Secretary of the Treasury."
"W. P. Harris. F.q.
"Receiver of Public Money. Columbus, Miss,"
Fellow citizens di you expect to read in the
next letter that this daily pei u olor is removed!
Vou will he disappointed. Mere it is:
"Tbeasuky Department, Sept. 2'2, 1 S:ifi.
"S.r: A!lnw me to inquire why it is that vour
leposiips a re not maile in the branch ol the Phi ti
ters' Rink at Columbus, in.te.id of tl e pa rent bank
at Natchez! Dues the brunch refuse to receive lliein.
and credit the amount at tiie mother bank1
"I am, 'Ve
"Secielary of the Trtasury,
"W. P. Harris, Eq.
"Receiver of Public Monev, Columbus, Miss.'
"P. S. Your return for the mmon of February
hist ha heen received to-ihi v, and shows a large a
mount on hand not deposiied; and you are herehv
requireil. if not a'readv done, to denusiie anv bal
snce still on hand in the above branch, to the credit
of the Treasurv, and Firward receipts therefor, in
order to saveti.ne and expense in travelling to N'at
chei." It would seem h liked to have forcroiten ibm
the fellow was in def.mlt iitall! The post
f ri it recol'ects it, hot then merelv reqws's 'he
in'rliirmanco of on ol't nejjtected doty! But !
writes h;m nffnio io n week:
Tr.Asrny Department. Sept. 28. 1H5.
"Sir: I rt'cret to say that the reasons asined
in vour letter of the 14'h int for wi'ldioMm;! vom
monthlv returns cai not hrreafter he deemed satis.
I'actorv 1 can perreive nosufficient cause for llieir
beinir dciaved lonjer than ihefirt u-eek in each sue.
ceding month, an tiiereean he no diftieulir in ii-ecr-taininj;
at once the amonn' of meney received wiih
ill th month, or in stmin l, nnxMint of your di
oirsmnen's and di p ii.! J lrlinr 'he month. 'Phi-
is nil that is required in t'.ein. The object of thee
returns is to r.tior.' the U'-mrtment the earue-t in
forma tinn in reynid lo the monev operations of ihi
Lat'd Offiee, and the punctual trattsmi-sion "f a"
thi nionevs received to ibe hank ot'depo-ite. Thev
are therefore if paramoiini iToprirtnnee, andeannor
he permitted tonw-tit thff eompleiion of deiailed Imk-K
entries, or the perfection of other buaine, be it
character what it may.
I am. A c
'Secretary of the Treasury.
"V. P. HARR f, Efq.
'Receiver of Public Money, Columbus,
Next conies a terrible warning!
Treasury Department. Oct. 12. lfl.
"Sir: Tl nstinrr to the assurance jjiren in vour
letter of the 14th id'inio. and to tho-e i -f you' friend
Hide in your behalf, the Pre-ideiit l as conseiiiiH
.i;inn the pj' lsi nmv befi'i-e him, to continue vou in
oti'n e iiiiiil tlie 12tli of November proximo; then,
unless your monthly returns nre i.ll rendered, iiiwl
-ali-fuctorv videii'-n that the whole of the public
moneys with which vou are chnr?etibie are ripoi
n d, you must he rem v'd from oflice, however pa iu
fill to both l.itn and this Department.
"I am A'c.
'Secretary f the Treasury.
"V. P. llARRts. Esq.
"I'eceivi rof Public .Money, Coliiinlius, Miss."
He gives him till November pioxiiuo. Now
for your duty work up, my honest, faithful fi-
low! It will be painful lo remove so worthy a
Iiijland, and any other men who does not go
m'"i the party in all Minors, slmll be lemnved
ins'anler, no nimtcr how fniihful ihey nn; in tiicir
olliic but it will bo "juiiuful" to remove so oh
sapions a friend as yon nre. Oi tobcr came
"the 12th of November'' enme he wc did not
deposite, but he yd is retuiiicd. Read the two
"Tueabury Department. Oct. 20, 19:i9.
"Sir: I have to observe, in reply to your lelter
of the 1) h iii-tiuit, that the allowance authorized by
the regulations of the Department, an a conineii-ii-
lion ur lri vt-llinrr i.v,cnses, and risk iu I he. iraiis.
iiiissiou of thepuldic moneys to ihe bnnli of depos.
ite, can only he inado When such exnenves ard ri-k
.ave aciniillv been incurred, und not ill any case
where hot ii a re avoiitcd, hv means of the fiicili'ie-
i Honied by the mail or dopo-iiu bunks; moreover.
inasmuch as the branch hunk of Columbus receiios
and credits the moneys recciw d by ymi in the first
instance, 1 can perceive no reason why each !non.
I'e in pa ;t months should not hare embraced the
whole amount in vour possession at the time ol
ucli deposite, as the instructions rcquirn.
1 am &c.
"Stcrelary of the Treatmry.
"W. P. HaR!1, E-q.
P.rrfvive or i'ublia Money, Cvlawbiw "
"TaiAatiRT Department, Nov. 29, IPSO.
"Sir: Your letter of the Uth instant, and re
turn for trm month of October, in received. As
ynur dafosites ot public moneys aretnaileat Co-
lunilius.no reason whatever can be Seen why the
whole money in your hands at the end of the month
is not deposited. It is exi.ected that it will be
kweuftcr. I am. tie.
"S'cretary of the Treasury.
"W. P. HARnis, Esq
"Receiver of Public Money, Columbus, Miss."
He has escaped! But is soon in a tight place
"Treasury Department, Tan. 10, 19:1(1.
"Sir: I Ptielose a copy nf a letler from Ilenrv
Pla'tner, ciMniilainlnsr of your official emuluet, and
have to request that vou will furnish prompt and
I am. fir.
"Serrcliry nf t'ie 'treasury.
"Receivir op the Land Office,
A fain :
"Trk isurt Pepautment. March 21. lBfl(l.
"Sir : Your letter of the t:t'h in-t eneliisinir
your reMim for the month nf Novinher. is te.
e"ived. Arrain it liecomes me un iteiisnnt dntv tf
cii'iiplnin of vour netrlrct in tliis repect, and to jo
firm von that the ours-hm to iren.;riif. the r'
e'lirefl luoiitlitv statements, for a w'm'p qoiir'et
sf'er thev are doe. ennont lie nrmi'led in anv ll:,,
lie officer: and p-mei-iu'lv after !i viotr boon hereto,
for sn often reminded of the ennsennenees of sm-1
ro'jrlect. On the return of th" mail, t' eref .re, if
Ihe usual sintemeitts for the o'her mniiths inarres
are not received. I shsll be under the diifrreeah!.'
mcpssitv of again snhoiifinrr th" subject to ll;
President, for his immediate action.
"1 am. .Vc.
'Seeretary of the Treasury.
"W. P. Harris E q
"Receiver of Public Money, Columbus, Miss."
Affn in :
"Treasury Dfpartwnt. June (V lnfi.
"Sin : Your letter of the o;, neroinn'Miie.'
hv vour returns f.r the tren'h of Annl, is received
Serine the balance nf toiMic mnnevs in vour t'norl
amonnted to l12.M 1 70 at thn end of thn muntli.
I hn'e to request that von will explain why it w
that the whole nf Up pnldie moneys in vour hand
on the last of the previous month wis not deoos.
i'ed, instend of a parr, in conformity to exotici
snd frequent instructions on that point. Tt is p"in
fid lo be obliged to ak vou so often for explana
tions. I am. .t'f.
"Secretory rf th' Trcuvry.
'Tleee'ver of Plii'ie roliini'ma. Miss "
At last, fellnw.citizens, even HT. f, Harris
heirnveil a ''e'ter -ense of s' nine than the ""'ec e.
iarv of the Treasurv ! He rtsipned. full hnnded.
(,nd it was grac ous!y receivsd by the Secrctaiy.
Treasury Dtparthent. Sept. fj, lanfj
"Sir : Your letter of the 2:h tilt., addressed ti
the President, bus been referred to Ibis nffire.
Your duties as recover, will, of course, bnve
ee-l-ed. or heeR, Slisneniled, a f er tlie otsl iihtnio,
the time ir'ien to'i vrnpn e yo ir resi"ni!inn ahnul i
ta':e.rff'rt; immediaie sten-, it is hope,!, will he ta-'.-en
to n'ljnst voor acrotints. and pfiv over the li!i.
anre. Soon as t'.e President returns, a further
communication will be ninde to you.
"I am e.
'Se.-re'nrii of the Treasury.
"W. P. Harris. Esq . Columbus. Miss."
To cap tiie cliiiMX of this case, the Pecrctary's
last was as fo'lows :
"Treasury Department, Nov. 19, 1:W.
"Sir: I have received vour letter of the Jst inst
hv the mail of this morion?, and r'er to info'o.
vou that, as lolllT njro All''U-l lal. lep Were
tnken hv the Solicitor of the Treasury '0 attempt to
secure the bulance due from yiu.
I am, A'c
"Srrrrltiru of the 'I'rrnsury.
"V. P. Harris, E-q. Colninbn-, Miss."
He "regrets" after ldtinj him run on from
M'Tch 5, H3I. to s'epinai'icr 31. 1833 two
vnrs and s;x iiionths! to in'iu n him "ih;ii. as
lonq nro as Auaiist lust, s'r.ps wers tnkoii"--.
taken at 1"S nfter the horse whs stolen! the fel
low was full! "fo attempt to secure ihe balance
fiom him!" Vns there ever siirh a fl -l-'rant case
befoie i-niifess- d. niuler the oliiciii! hhnd and seal,
by a head o' n depiirnnent?
Yes, Fcn.ow i-ii'zens, sip-h cases, end cases
even doubly fi iiniiit and abandoned il's.ern e thv
public leiords of your country b t ihey are
s'ud'ously w'lhhebl fiom your insperiion, by
those whose only emolov r-eni of the fr inknii;
pr'vilere cons' sis. not in tieusiuiiiiuj ihe pu'il'c
documents, but ihe speeches of piuiizMiis. em.
p!n. cd to H'ltiti irns'i the authors of sn h crimes
as these, to excite voir prein l V s T.'ensi ' fclrr
nlism'' and ' honks" and "a'lolii on" n -i-rnini;
all of which NO e.Mtn Inl ever :noe io a-ts-.ver
for than themsehet. But of lt'i, in ai.oJier
As a full re,iisrt of ihe esse of Si nuel Swart
wont, (the most matft'Jirrnl of the w'.-i'e hor !
of sw'iiillci s and pe hiiors who htive conlrihti ed
to make ynin treasury hanhrupl) would, ofitsclf,
have occunied too e than all the space of this ad.
diess, we have reserved a synops's of it lor ihe
last of thai no iiermis sor'es, which, commencing
shortly after General .'ai ksou ca.oe iotnoffivi
did imt end until aftei .M.iiiin Van (linen's c! '--
! lion. 1x1' I o accomplish tins latter oh'cct. ilu-
maxim of "letter let In" had been strained m n
tension which could hear no more, and s i in
profluced an almost uutveis.il explosiu.i. How
ever much some of us may have disagreed touch,
ins; other points in the chuiiuier of ti e hvc
Pies'dcnt. we nre fir fiom I ',evin ihai he. wns
.ipprisi'd of llie fraud and -ircuniveiiiiiiii whii h is
proven upon his suboidioates. Concede that he
was an iuit lliecnt noil an hnnorn'ne mini him.
sf-r so iiiuliifatioiis nre ihe iliilics connecti'd
wiih the public service ni Wiishiiijion. ihnt, from
. I .... .1 . r
ine very necessity ni inc case, the I les ileul is
compelled to confide in ihe watch fulness and
fidelity of the inetiiheis of his cabinet and to
their specious iiiir'.trues nod abandoned uurniih.
fulness, nfier it hud been icilin i.d io "a unit" hv
the expul.sioii of sin h as stood in ihe i.-,iy of .
asceiiilaucy and dvancenii'ut of ihe present Ex
ecutive, will history asi-iihe ihe ruin which Ii.ik
overspreud tho inleresis of ihe rounlry. while pro
motini; theirs. Yes, Fellow fliiizeos- To a mis.
pbiced confidence, nlone, ran the real friend of
fienernl Jjckson appetil, to order to rescue his
inemory fiom the lepioai h which history w'dl nl
inch lo those who surioundcd him in the iidtii'ius.
nation of public affairs, and who yet surround
It w is pioven in the course of the Oonero.s.
sional investigation, nt the Cusieni (louse in New
York, that the abstraction and application of ihe
public money to the prvaie purposes and spe'-n.
latinos of Swrtwout was l omnieiued in 18 '!),
We scarcely know whether it becomes us lo
condescend to refute the ehnrorn uoio male that this
man was IV hf. W e will stale, however, thai
it is as baseless a falsehood, as hundreds of olhers
which have been coined to break the fall of the men
who tmiploved him. Every Whig Senator, if we
rcaiember aright, voted ejruinit his appointment,
and rati through a period of about mink teahs!
with tht knowledge of his principal subordinates!
H'S peculations grew larger and larger, until they
teai-hed the enormous ascreirate of about ONE
MILLION ANU A QUAUTER OF DOL
LARS ynthe Seeretannf the Treasvru, under
whose vigilant supervision ihis large and over-
whelm'ne rcft'ealion prew lip and occurred, not
only afT-ofs to have known no:hing about it while
it was yo'nir on, but nptiuilly permitted linn to go
out of office on the 20th day of March, 1S38,
abscond on the 6th of August and not even then
proceed aca'dsl 'ifin until November! Why this
delay, from April to Aorembcr, to asccitain the
fans and iiiMi'tiiip prot eedimrti, even if the
rocueiy. which had been running on and accu
multiline for nine years, hml not been known
bpfoi-e ihe 2fth of Mnnh 01 the lith of August ?
A single week would have been amply sufficient
for the investigation of the case, and ihe iiistilu.
tinn nf the proper judicial proi-cilines. had not
the politiciil fears and political interests of "the
tinny" required that it should be denied, und
hushed up. ni it. vns. until ar'er the Orio'ier elec
i'w'.s in that great Si.Te ! "Better let i1 be.!" or
we lose Ni w Yiuk in October," is thephiin inter,
niel ilion of the conduct of the administration iu
relation to tins most culpable and slute-nd'uis
i ne of fraud ait'd periury. T nuk Heaven!
Tli s in 'nr-oiis transaction had nl Insl to ex
o'.idc nod New York has placed her irrevocable
fiat upon that wretched s' heme of flounce, so
emir iously mid insiiltinsly adhered lo b) her
"favorite son," of the beatlt'es of which tlrs ense
ronslitules so prepussefs'nj in, cxemjiliontiuil !
We have room but to nil I. 'ellow citizens, itint
ti e fni'!o'ni! consiitntcs buta Itthe of the proven
mnl practices, and official neglect of Levi Wood,
bury, who is yet the .Secretary of your Tiensmy,
ttricVr the control of Manm Van Rnien ! Tlmt
treasury is now bankrupt atldbei.'S'ug, and we
sub'iiii to your deliberate reflection to answer, o.i
what o'AfTgiound ran such a loan he continued
in sn important an nfiioc, linn thnt it is thouiihi
'better to let him be" than rim ihe risk of losing
even New Hampsbiie its -if !
Ui'le-s the deep an. I envious reflection which
u-e bnvo piven to this su'jiset, iffsVsd of en
'ioh't'tiiort bus bewildered our iinderstaiolieo.
'ho precedent prnpo-ed by tioneriil ilnrrivnn
will nn further tneul un t he lain I prod uuili.inee
of ihese I'n-run'iii'j c-iosideririoiis. -ml the iu.
i-ious roiieqiieices of this h.ileful infill nco tr
Washington, ii, mi unv ntler remedy wiilnii tin
mucr nf top people. Thnl We nre not inioi
nil in this (i i ii 1 1 i "ii . we have already sluie.i.
Mint it was iri id.jeci deepl v clieri-heil Ity tie
soundest und iriwt enli.h'eeed friends iitul snj.
nor'ers ef (leoeinl .1 iel;so-i, mi-jilt ho demon
. rati d bv I tiei r n rtrutii'Mitw ntel I hej r speec!iof
ownr-U the i-lose ni' lb- ad iiiuistrii'ion o' tie
youni'er AUanis. Alas! lllal no o1 ject wliii-h
has so eonf. sseillv nnd olivimisly increased io
uiporiiine" since that period, as to bo ntijiareo'
i n't the wor'd lesies. shimH he n h;: inh ine.l
!:y its very Fathers! I'- t"iti loiwcver. is in iio
'mods ol I'HK I'lv '!,!:. nn I we shall r-.iife
nirselves ileceivcil ll'ile.ss thttf (illio to cbiljr t.,
. and insist t'p '.N IT. ns ili very iiiicluir t'
liir hope und TMKiR SKcttRiTY. In tiie apoeii-
liX Mlie'n W" h ive lelerved VOU. it W II be
hewn 1 1 1 ii t the rn-eliirihilj:y id ill- I'resnleni
,viisoueof ihe com-tromizes of the constitution
-extorted by the FKUKfl L I' A It rY.ai'tur th.
'i nl '"aih ,i ill 'heir project to have tlin' officer
I 'cted for J i - or iliirin;! rj.md hehnv rir. V
l.i tor ourselves tlmt we have deiiinnst raieil il
laerrerotis mid corrupiini; teodenev. on. I ivi
e.ivo it wiili eur fellow republicans nf the S:n'o
o decide whether, if Mr. Van llum-.N hao ii iNV
KVF.lt SO WKI.I. Till: INTKIUSTS I'F TUB U.t)"
vn" Tt::-: i-Nennai'pTCD riiE--'!:tivTi n ' T trs l
5 1'i Tl; I'll )NS, nn N .r itit'iitntK that Tin; i:xam
I'l.K KHAt.li MK NOW SKT. THAI' l ) l. oil
Si;!' OP Mb'.N. Ml AM, IIAVF. C'N'ntnL I'F TIIK
UOVKRNMKNT bi:v..mia SIN HA'. TH ' M ?
II as HMooeil liv (J.-oern! .SulV'll. ill IS29. it look
i Jtfferson und u Jackson to cnu'end stic -essi'nlly
Mjauisi "ihe novernoieiit pirtv" in their dav.
nay we imt lelieiipie ourselves ihat n Harrison
v is reserved f v ours? ' he be not a nun n,i-Mi
liooiihe 'efleelini; nnd p.itii iiic of n l pre
vlons pin ties can unite, to break op this over
siimU,w i njr nnd oil rupiiiio; influence of "tin
a-iveritnieiit p;i V t he neo:de unv s'li rcnde--it
i!i?crcimu. ai.il bow their heolsto whu'ee
itiai oeiu r hereiit'er . If ihov ill not cstili
ish 'ho prt'cedeni hv a majority nf their vine
note thev will not I'lle'.i' I'VWOI" nnienO
toe t htis' rn1 ion by I lit! concur etise of iw
li:ns of '..orress or ibn p feiirihs of ihe
! ales hereafter; '"or the servants ot' the people
'I iVIeo 'bus 1'i'Coiile s'ronoer tlltlll I lie "'0 le
'I'-oiselves, ihe ciii...n who would urealn.
--sriy ii) eiose the venali'v and C'lrrup'ioii
inch pi l reh'ises puh'ic inipuni' V by ihe use ot
sulci PATntiSAGi: mil! i ii h! io HoNny - thut man
'hill ill Ilk il lltl'l llu'iil.e.l f.ir liersel-iri.nl lllel
I i-hi; io-i '. Hit few men will be loiind ihns
0 'Inn m themselves to de si nil" inn. hot 1 1 pri v.i'i .
v an. I ii'.Ii. 1I , in ii cause so Impc'css and
1 Z Itu-t "dds .:o lea rfoi. 'le peo-.-'e, loo, wit
r.-j.-i i-i n to rlln-r st ruon'e as h.-peb-s. imd un
... ti t n I -l. ,ioi ilient is lience lore -d upm i-,
I . - oiicliidiuo ihis hr incli of nnr inv.-1 io.i i'oii
aad retl-'clions, iht: nrst Kolenut, mmci-io nn-1
a.iidi "Jt Ci'UVtc i'lii. I.:i ihe conlesl which i
I ov o.iliijr (..irwill-il is TIIF. LA -T Ei'l.VTCAl. AI'
.'i.AI. ivhii-u cnil lie nia le in lh" pitiiei-m o
IIIE fOi"M5. I' UUSUIessfll HOW, ll.j(MII it r
is i.; mnl oooe I'nrevei '.
I we have h-en sin ssftil i i c.oiivinein'; nu
f-llow cinens tlmt the I're.i.leinial power ine'
,i.i ' ronaue is nl rend v "ion (treat for a ri-nihlie."
bey will he especially reluctant lo i',ilmv
iresenl incuoilieut in bj new nod in nooiliceoi
"cheniit for its eulii r ji-meot We ile'ionilu i e
us espousal n tho Suh-i i en nry new sclieiu
nut only hecau-n he is Ihe frsl. uieru:aii
i'li siib-ni that ever l.riiiiMl,! j f, ,r ,t (i , d. Imi
i: ni-e he. mnl nearly till his ft ii inls wer nppii-rii
o i. J mnl voted iimnnsl it in lS.'jj, when
oenulit I'orvund hv n fii.-ml of Mr. tj.. I llollll .
The receutl proclaimed!'" ilitnui between ihe
when in ii ii i nn t hv lit'ni r.il J.i k-on. Ilul this i
' btile moment, i ,vas a x.il ' -Ire.iswcr and his
xntii;le, aloii w ith scores hesi,Hs. furnishes n
iiirht and hiiiinnL' co'aiueiiliiry inmu I lie heaulie.
'inil Ihe siifiiiy of the sv,iem. " What would be or
I'rice, in linirhnid or France, or ihe hosts of refn
jees in Texas cure for tlie t'enilentiuru soclcm ot
the hill a tliinr; iinciilbd for under any uremia.
iil4iiniirHlioii, n ml winch wiil be as little needed
Hereafter, when lh Jcirrsiinian rule of bones'y
ind ciip-ii-ily" is re-iublishid as the .,;,- iius-;,ori
,Mr. Wo nihil y was fottni'ily liovernor of this
state, nnd his l.m'her was re.-'i mlv thn abulitj.in
'.initiduie for ( onet-es,. 'e;1H influence of ucb iiimii
i-annot be dispen-eii with, jn the proem ixip iniiy
if Ihe President, u ml h.nides this, if an hnnei.i
nun, of any pirty, were put in the pl ica of Wo id
hury, the Ciinpissiniiii calls for infortiiaiioii would
'ie fully and liroinetlv answered, and the cjan-ur,.
if the yet hidilcn fru lids of this MUST COP. II ITT
and coiitrulliiiir ileparttneiit would uro'iso tl.a peoph
ns tnie m m to Uh ciuscs of the preneal fiu incial
distress and emli i rrassiuent. "Bitius Lir it bis."
4Se apoeoii of Gen. Alexander Saiyth Appeu-
So apt'tndiic B. 8s spjie.adi
"high conlranti' p parties" is broadly charged
to have innplved pot only Mr. Van HurepV
ahnndonmont nf such nlj friends ns Mr. Uives.
of Virginia. and Mr. Tallnuidpe, ol New York
on this quosi'um, Imt his abandonment d Col
Iteiiion nn the subject of the Cumberland Hon'! .1
the Salt Tax. and oth-r tninor measures Bu
we will ennriue ourselves, in th's place, to a con
sideration nl the eff cts nf this measure ill re.
t'ereiic to tho business, the interests and the
institiiiiniis nf tho con ii' ry.
I'li'liininary tiiilii.sdiscussinn.il inav not be
itniirnper In remark, that whu'ever of merit oi
d-merit in-iy uttueh in what is now deemed an
excess of the liiiukinp iiisiilirinus nf the States
whatever nf ir.i.nl or ill consequences ma
liiiie I'esul ed from their nper itioijs, ihn par')
in power nt Watdiinytnn, and the snme parly in
power in all ul ihe Western legislatures except
Keuuioliy. nre enlnh il in ihe. prniso or tho Cen
s'lie. 'I'lie Wiii(;, taken us n bodv, were Coin
pellcd to lii-lin Id in sorrow, mid bewail wi'hniu
sympathy, the ilestrnciion of nn insuiiu'toe
wtnelt hud always nnswered every purposn ol
R a ct. nor weio their Voices, oven joined as
ihey were by 1 ho morn 1 1 tisiderule friends ot
( S-'iiei al .liicksoe, sufliitieiii In pro-'uie llie siini
lar pmiuisr-il ins'i ii ion - 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 i 1 1 it its udvun
'aee, nnd m void i ns d.iii!ei " Tho lenders
I' the party hod de ei intiicil on the State Hunk
"ex pei ina-iii,"' n i.il a portion ol i Ins cominittec
nn SH tik Iroiii i lliein! ns ell ns personal
knowledge, of the party appeals which were made
in create a bank in our own state even at Ibe 'es
soin before the one at which tho present one wus
bartered. The Legislature was told ilml the demo
cratic parly in other Mutes were in favour of the
treasure that Ihey u I ready had their banks, and bad
the public dep.isiics to hank upon; and it was urged
io only a a measure in consonance w ith the actual
and policy of the Federal Administration, but s
ine which would redound to tiie interest and advaii
i ii ye of our citizens, in furiiishini; an alundanl cir
culating medium of our own. How far this pre
diction has been fulfilled, we need not stop to en
quire. We desire only to repeat, that, as Whigs,
we were roiiipiiriiiively powerless iu itscreation
that its structure and details, as well as its subse
quent administration, were and are in the hands of
those who promised so much from the dn.truction
of a National. and the creation of Sia'e Hunks.
O ir o vii Bmk, which w is created at the ses
sion of ltfoJ '7. had been iiltcinpteil but was do
feat ml, in ISM 0' Those of the other new States,
Indiana, Illinois, Alabama, .Mississippi, Louisiana,
and Arkansas had been previously created, by Leg
slnliires friendly to th federal administration,
wilh I envy capitals, and with permission (similar
to our own) to sell their stodis anil lam, Is in Eu
rope, or any w here else that monev could be ob
ained. Whatever objection was made to the delu
sive a ni fi,:tiii nn appearances wnich this rapid
inllux of bank capital and bank c.r " 1 iti'ui wa-cal-utateit
to produce whatever apprchen-iuu wasex
nressed in reference lo the ultimatum of that sys
tem w hich was exiirc-ly ileiemdin render money
plenty, and the country a pp-rem ly prosperous in
tiie very crisis of Mr. 'in liuren's cancans Jr the
t'resi lency. was answered by the nliirial messages
of the laic President. Unit all was well better. 1 1
deed, with the State B inks than with u Natiut al
Bank ! In confirmation of what wesay, we ask p r
mission mqiiole IV' in (hose doi-iiiuenls forth Ihriie
leurs preeedini; the tlecimi of .Martin Van Buren,
luring which time the experiment was purposely
pa-lied to the extreme of iiill.itiuii, in order il.al.tue
ihundan.'e of monev, and the rie in pr.ijierty and
labour, iiiiflii ihrcivc the peojile into tlie b. ,if
that the iippteiieiisioiis of tiie W'liigs were at b i.st
cruuiidless, if nit factious. No candid man will
now say, that 'he country was nut thus d. eive l
and, hero iifrain, the friends who would defend the
integrity of tlie Into President must admit tiiat he
no, was de:'eir'J.
Fro.uPiCsiiL'iit Jackson' Messsre, Doc . 1st,
"Happily it is already illustrated that the ncsncy
of such au institution i.s the U. S. Bank J . not
necessary in il,e Ji --.i I o, er niotis of the (i.nern
nieiit. Tiie S n'e U ilk- are f amd fully idcipuie to
tic lierferenii'-e of all senires which were reqiircd
-it' the Bank of the I7ui.ed S ntits, quite iih proa il y.
nd with the same cheapness. Tt.ey tntiiutuiiird
heiiis-ei ns. and discharged nil the-e cu ies, vioilv
thoBiiik of the l.'nited tjtnies was Mill poueiTnl,
and in the lie n as an open ene. ity ; at d it i-not
uossjlde iu ciii ci ivc thai ihey w ill find (jreuti r ditli
ciilties iu their operations, when thai mm y shall
a -e to e.i -t."
Fiom President Jackson's Message Dec. 7th,
"Ihe exnerience of another year has innfirmeri
the ui'er fiilhicy of Ihe idea that the Bunk nf the
I'nited Suites was necessary as a li-cnl ngi-ni nr
tlie trove ruuiei 1. W it lain t its a id, as such, indeed
i despite of nil ti e .Miihiirru im nt. it wis iu i s
lower lo create, llie reieioie has been paid with
'cuic'iiiility hv our citizen ; the business of -A-i''.ac!fe,
both foreiirii and d 'ruc-l ie. has hnm con
.hieleil with convenience; and the circulnlii! me-
li en has been rrrenl'y improved. By'l.e.i e nf
he Suite hanks, w hich do not derive their bartera
I'min Ihe (ieneral lioveriiment, and are i... cou
i rolled by its authority, it is ascertained nit the
u oueys nf ibe United Suites ran he colli- ted and
disbursed without loss or incoiiveiiinii e. m d Dial
all the wants nl li e conimimi y. in rehili. a to ex
elinnpe und currency, are supplied a- nn as ihey
have, ever been before. If, under circni o.ire.
the most unfavorable to the stradiness of it e 'inmey
in.'irket. it lias been fouiul that the con nti-riiti'Mis
on which the Bank nf the United Sni'es i? icd its
chiinis to the public favor, were iin nri i"V, nnd
i.rrniindle-s, it ca limit he iouhtd that tlie i i erience
of the futiirt will be mine deei-ive aeiiiux ;l.i m "
"Tue eoi'ec'ion and c'isiody of 'be re cn, iieinp,
on tl eeontrnrv, a source of credit In (,'.". - ill in.
crease the security w hichlhe Stales pri i 'e lor a
faithful execution of their trusts, by n tidthp
the scrutinie.; to which thciroperatiunsiii i.cvuiii'ts
will b subjected."
At this point it may be mo"re appropriate than
elsewhere In insert the circular lelter nf tue Seen ,
iarv of the Treasury, ur'inj; the bank l, use ihit
source of crtJit"ii oil er words lo i!i-ri.uiit lib
erally, und render money mine iihuiiil.n l, end the
limes apparently more properous limn i.'icy were
under the more safe end caulious system of the
National Rank, (always snlficienlly prudfiit to keep
its paper above par, and plenty of it.) which wa
now compelled lo adopt its course in tuch manner
is to withstand thn hostility of the pincriinienl.
wnich hud withdrawn tkis "source vf credit"
frum it. '
TttKAso-.y Department, Jan IJ. J-I3B,
S. Merrill E-q., President! ftp.
In Heleclinr; your ittilitoi as one ,,f tlm floral
i j .ii' uf th-- !i)veriinniii. I not oa r re'v on its
solidity as alTirdinif a suffl -ient gut oi'ee f,- the
af. tv' of ti e puhlie money i'l'r ik'o.I i.j j s keeping,
but I confidn also in its di-posiimi 1 1 adopt the
most liberal cour-e which cirriiiimiies admit
Inwards other iiisiftutions. Tf rfre. nf tlitpuh,
lie. money will tnaU't you to afford IXCUj'ASED
faci ilies to tht commercial and alb r cktsrs of (h
$at Appendix E. for lite volo "aii bills"
community i and tho department anticipates from
yon the adoptiun of tneh a course respecting your
lecomniodatioiis as will prove acceplablt to tht pec
pit and safe to the eovernment.
I remain very respectfully,
- yournhedient servant
Secretary of tht Treasury.
We havo toen this printed as 19M7 as well
1838. The date can be matter of little import
ance, as it seems to be a circular, to be filled up
from time to time whenever bank was selected
as a depository of the federal revenue. This selec
tion commenrcd with the removal of the deposite
in '34 and the policy of thn government in refer
ence to these Smte Bank expansions is only fr
gntun by those whose interest it Is to divert the
attention of ihe people from such disastrous and
e fll io inp incidents in the history of their career.
We cannot lay our hand on a similar letter, which
we remember to have read at (he time, addressed to
the President of one of the deposite banks, in New
England, Hieing similar " increased facilities'
"auout the period of the wool-clip." It isa shame,
however, and would be a matter of special wonder
in ordinary times, that the shameless denials of
some, and the contemptible prevarications uf other
prominent members of "the party," should render
it even necessary to resort io the proof, that many
of these banks openly preferred their petitions lube
I ! us employed on account of the political purpo-es
of their directors and officers, and that they tcers
Ked to promote" the objects of their employers. No
candid, well informed man, will deny either propo
sition in company with those who can confront
hem with the facts yet neither the presses of the
pariy, nnr the leaders of the party, have the manli
nessto acknowledge, and crave forgiveness for this
error of party." On the contrary, they counten
a ace thf "hue and cry" which has been raised fur
the purpose of absolving themselves from all
blsme whatever, and suddenly converting the Whig
party into the Bank party ! The following is front
the last aanual message of President Jackson,
under dale of December 0, 1836;
"Experience continues to realiie the expectations
entertained as to the capacity of the State banks to
perform the duties of fiscal agpnts for the Govern
ment, at the time of the removal of the deposiies.
It was alleged by the advocates of the Bank uf the
United States, that the State hanks, whatever might
be the regulations of the Treasury Department,
could not make the transfers required by tho Gov
ernment, or negotiate the domestic exchanges of
the country- It is now well ascertained that ihe
real domestic exchanges, performed tkrmigli dis
counts, by the United Slates Bank and its twenty
five branches, were at least one third less than
those of the depusi'e banks for an equal period of
time; and if a comparison be instituted between
thn amounts of service rendered by these institu
tions, on the broader basis which has been used by
the advneates of the United States Bank, iu esti
mating what they consider the domestic exchanges
transacted by it. the result will be still more favour
able to the deposito banks."
The reason why the domestic exchanges of the bank
of the United Slates were one third le?s than those
of the deposite banks for the same poriud of time
is explained by the Circular of Woodbury. The
banks were commanded to go beyirnd the prudent
bounds prescribed by the directory of the National
Bank, in order to make Mr. Van Duren President
on the show of what the leaders and contriver
knew was a fictitious, unsubstantial appearance of
ihe country's prosperity. (CrTbey did as they
were bid y- Accomplished the object in view
fjr.Made Mr. Van Buren rresident-.-QrBtft-broke
themselves down in the operation ! Yet,
for this, the Whigs nre blamed, denounced and vili
fied ; and the people are conjured, in the name of
party to listen to nothing Ihey say! Fellow citi
zens, we do not believe General Jackson fure-aw
the wreck and ruin which was involved iu this sy. A'
tematic design of those who were in his confidence,
and who could have never succeeded exeppt by the
influence of his name. Apart from the abuse of
his confidence, to which we huve before alluded,
the splendid and charitable apology of the post
thoold now be permitted to mantle his errors, in
stead of yet seeking lo appropriate the influence of
his great name to give countenance to now designs
which he never entertained.
"In life' list scenes what prodigies surprise !
Fears of the brave, tud follies of the wise."
We desire, fellow citizens, that the sub-treasury
system proposed by the President should be tried
on its own intrinsic merits, and with no further
reference to the fact that it was denounced by the
late President and all his leading friends, tewards
the close of his administration, than may bi neces
sary in contrasting tho pledge of Mr. Van Buren,
(" to tread generally iu the footsteps of hi- preov
cessor") with his practices since. We have seen
that, up to the close of General Jack'on's adminis
tration, Banks and Bink paper were used by the
Government and its office holders as well as the
people. All contracts hud been entered into in ref.
erence fj that policy of the Government which
was a pledge to .osier the banking institutions of
the States. The Farmer, the Mechanic and the
Trader in short all the great interests of tho
country had been squared and adapted to the lib.
eral standard of "credit" set up by the administra
tion For, notwithstanding the out-of-duurs de
clarations in favour of a hard money government
and tho "divorce of hank and State." (intended
then, and the same song is intended now, to cover 4
wholly different design) so decisive had been the
rejection, and so niarked and impressive had been
the repudiation of the sub-treasury or hard money
project, during the last year of the last administra
tion, and so decidedly had the legislation of O n
gress and the aciimi of the government tended to
foster and encourage the Banking mania which
ihey now denounce, that it would have been treated
as insulting distrust of the integrity of the party
leaders if nut of the understanding of the people
them-elves, had one of us predicted, tlmt, in less
than one year, the new administration would not
only propose this very scheme, but continue to pre
it upon Congress now (for the fourth time .'), after
its thrice solemn rejection by the representatives of
tho people ! So astounding and unexpectedly did,
this fall upon the ears of the ablest and most influ
ential of the former supporter of Martin Van But
rcn, that they could scarcely credit the evidence 0
his official message to Congress at its extra ses
sion. They argued and remunstratedr-tbey even
forewent what was perhaps due to a more rigid self
respect, in intreating him to reconsider a question
si delicate and momentous but in vain ! Whatever
may have been his understanding with Mr. Ca.'
houn, and other gentlemen of the party of nullificr
to which he belongs (all of whom were recently to
abhorent in the estimation uf the "Proclamation.
Sea Appalx F.
'Extract from the Address of the Honorable
Henry A. Wisr, to his enitituents, Msrcb 9t,