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THE " I. IFF, OF MARTIN
We have now before- us a volume, entitled
" The Life nnd TolilicBl Opinions of Martin
" Van Buren. Vice President of the United
' States, by Wm. M. Holland" printed 1833.
Mr. Holland, in the chanter which concklcs
this volume, thus speaks of himself and the woik
Mnder notice :
" In the foregoing pages, the writer has at
tempted to present an accurate and full viciv of the
personal history of Mr. Van Buren, and a clear ox
position of his poliiical opinions. The firm belief
of the writer in the most ultra democratic doctrines,
and his partiality towards the subject of this nar
rative as the champion of thoso doctrine9, he has
not any where affected to conceal. No doubt
this strong bias of his mind has led him to take
views of certain public events, widely different
from those which are entertained by porsons of an
opposite political faith. He has, however, stren
uously endeavored not to distort, conceal or mis
represent, facts. The incidents nf Mr. Van liuren's
life have been fairly stated, and his opinions fully
displayed. Every reader is at- liberty to connect
with them such sentiments of approval or reproba
tion as they may seem tJ require."
Our object in thus prefacing the extracts which
follow, is to show, that the statements made,
come from an ardent political admirer of Mr.
Van Buren ;--nnd they are unquestionably cor
rect. We shall commence these cxttacts by furnish
ing proof from this work, that
Mr. Van Buren supported Da Witt Clinton
for President in 1812, in opposition to James
Madison, the Democratic War candidate and
bosom friend of Jefferson.
" The Republican members of tho Legislature of
Mew York, elected in the spring ot isll. resolved
during their session in the spring of 1812, to meet
in Convention, lor mo purpose oi nominating a
candidate for the Presidency. Their numerical
strength in the two Houses, was nearly one hun
dred. Of this number, eighty-seven met in Con
vention onthoSOihof Slay, 1S12, and unanimously
ominated Mr. Clinton ; who, on hcinsi informed
of the nomination, accepted it. Mr. Van Buren
was not then a member of the Legislature, nor was
he any ways connected with these proceedings.
He, however, concurred in the propriety of sup
porting the nomination thus made and accepted
and at the session of the Legislature, held in No
vember 1812, in the conjunction with a majority of
the republican mcmhers of each branch, hi took a
decided part in the support of Presidential electors,
who were voted fur as friendly to Clinton, a.id who
ultimately gave him the vo'e of the State."
Holland's Life of Van Buren, page 20.
Mr. Van Buren in the New York Convention
opposed the right of any man to vole, unless he
should be a householder.
"The qualifications required in tho report cf the
. committee, besides temporary residence, were, as
has already been stated, paying taxes, or doing
military duty, or working on the highways. Mr.
Van Buren was in favor of adding to the latter
alternative, the further restriction of being a house
holder. He expressed his fears that Ihe extension
contemplated by some of the amendments proposed,
would not be sanctioned by the public approbation,
and would occasion the rejection of the whole by
the people. In this connection, Mr. Van Buren re
marked, on another occasion, "that were the bare,
naked question of universal suffrage put to the
committee" (of the whole) "he did nut believe there
were twenty members who would vote for it." He
added. "One word on tho muin question before the
committee. We had already reached the verge of
Universal suffrage. There was but one step be
vond. And are gentlemen prepured to take that
step! We are cheapening this invaluable right.
He was disposed to go as far as any man, in tho ex
tension of rational liberty ; but he could not con
sent to undervalue this precious privilege so fur as
to confer it, with an indiscriminating hand, upon
every one, black or white, who would bj kind
enough to condescend to accept it."
" At this moment, lie would only say, that among
the many evils which would flow from a wholly un
restricted suffrage, the following would be the most
"First, It would give to the city of New York
about twenty-five thousand votes ; w hilst, under the
liberal extension of the right on the choice of
delegates to this Convention, she had but about
thirteen or fourteen thousand. That the character
of the increased number of votes would bo such as
would render their elections rather a curse than a
blessing ; which would drive from the polls all
sober minded people: and such, At! was happy to
find, was the united opinion, or nearly so, of the
delegation from that city."
Holland's Life of Van Buren, pages 131, 1S2, 133.
Mr. Van Buren voting to rive Free Negroes
the right of suffrage.
"By the old Constitution of New York, no dis
tinction was made with regard to color in the quali
fixation cf electors. In the Convention of Amend
ments, a proposition to restrict the right of voting
to white citizens, was rejectea oy a voio oi sisiy
three to fifty-nine. A long and eloquent debate
preceded this rejection ; Mr. Van Buren did not
participate in tho debate, but voted with the ma
jority. At a subsequent period in the business of
the Convention, when the qualifications of electors
were fixed, the blacks were excluded from the right
of voting, unless possessed of a free-hold estulo,
of the value of two hundred and fifty dollurs, and
were exempted frein taxation to a corresponding
extent. This provision, which continues to be a
part of the constitution of New York, received his
assent in the following remarks.
"Mr. Van Buren said he had voted against a
total and unqualified exclusion, for he would not
draw a revenue from them, and yet deny to them
the right ot suftrago. lail tins proviso met his ap
probation. They were exempted from taxation
until they had qualified themselves to vote. The
ri"ht was not denied, to exclude any portion of the
community who will not exercise the riirht of suf
frage in its puritv. This held out inducements to
industry, and would receive his support."
Holland's Life of Van Buren, page 187.
Mr. Van Buren opposed to the election of Jus
tices of the Peace by the People.
"The committee on tho appointing power had
reported in favor of the election of justices of the
peace, in every town, by tho people. Mr. Van
"AUkouirh Mr. Clinton's policy had assumed the
strongest anti democratic character, yet tho splen
dor o? his abilities, his former public services, and
hit personal weight of character drew temporarily
to Ins support, no inconsiderable portion oi tua lor
mer democratic party.'
Holland's Life' of Veil Buren, page 1"3.
II V CYRIL C. CADY.
Huron strenuously opposed this proposition, both in
the select committoo of which ho was chairman,
nnd in tho Convention. His objection was, that
magistrates, thus elected, would bo too much under
the influence of local, party feelings. lie proposed
that the board of supervisors, in each county, should
nominate a suitable number of justices of the
peace, and also, the respective courts of common
pleas; and that from these two lists of nomina
tions, I he Governor should make the appoint
ment." Holland's Life of Van Buren, page 1SD
We submit this evidence ti our intelligent
readers for their judgment. We hnvc proved,
1st, by Mr. Van Buren's own witness, that he,
Mr. Van Buren, supported Do Witt Clinton,
the fedcrul anti-wnr candidate, in oppos lion
lo James Madison, the democratic war canili.
dale, for President. 2d That he opposed, in
tho Nov York Convention, alb. wing citizens to
vote, unless lliey were house holders, and do
nounced universal suffrage, ns a " curse rather
lhan a blessing," 3d That he voted in the
same Convention, to give Free negroes the righl
of sulTraso. 4lh That in tho same Convention,
he opposed giving to the People the power of
electing Justices ot tlio fence.
These fa ts are now before our readers. We
do not doubt that Mr. Vun Buren was honest in
his onposition to lh.5 war candidate for President-,
'or, that he was not equal I v hones' in urg
ing upon the Convention tho " household quali ft
calion" for voters, the right of negroes to vote,
and in opposing the election of Justices of the
Peace by the People. Wo have only to say
unon these matters, ihat his views were not those
of the democracy of that day or of the present
,v. and we can see no reason in the acts of
his public life that he should be s .stained for
President of tho United Slates in opposition lo
the candidate of the P. onle, Gen. Harr son.
If others differ from us, we say in nil fairness
they have a right to do so ; but they do violence
to truth by attempting lo impeach their own wit
ness, Mr. Holland, and the fuels here presented
from that distinguished 1'rolcssor s work.
ciiai'Tcu ix Tin: life of
To fie Editor nf the Lir Cabin A'hocat-::
Stu As our political l.iends in all sec
tions of tiio Uniuii appear determine! t
embark in tiic campdwn willi vigor, ami es
pecially to exhibit, on the hustings, the liib
chums of General Harrison upon the grati
tude ol his countrymen lor his ardent patri
otism and eminent civil and military servi
ces, and Lis peculiar qualifications for bring
ing back the- government to that old and
beaten track in which the people were ad
vancing in prosperity and happiness, I take
thelibeily of sending to you, for publica
tion, the a companyitig extiact lrom the
Genera:. Inhex to the first twelve volumes
of JiaKi' Register, which will enable our
friends, at once, to refer to his ollicial acts
during i most interesting period of our
national history. Tor, although that work
is daily referred to, as 1 have reason to
know, b" tline de?irous of furnishing them
selves with facts for the campaign, tho refer
ence is sometimes attended with great
labor in consequence of the want of the
Gknebal Index, which does not accompany
all the complete setts of the work which
may be found in nearly every city, town
anil village in the Union.
The period embraced by the extract from
the Gf.neual Index is only six years, (from
1811 to 1817.) but I believe tiie career ol
no other American (Washington, of course,
excepted) in the same period, exhibits so
many instances oi neroirj aevouon to me
interests of Ids country, so much capacity
and integrity in the di'soharge of high pub
lic trusts, or so many evidences of the
love, gratitude and confidence of the Amer
ican people. The subsequent volumes of
the " Register" also abound with facts
proving that Gen. Harrison's services in
the lecislative hulls of his c umtry equal
his clorious achievements in the field, and
9 . .... . i. i. .-i i
that he lias every qualification w nion snotnu
endow an enlightened and virtuous states
man. 'Tis true thev are recorded with nil
the. zeal inspired by the highest admiration
of his public character and close personal
Iriendshio, Cir but thkiik is not a state
ment IN THE UKfilSTKIl WHICH H NOT
POItT'EO BY DOCL'MUN I AllY K II KNl f , ANil -NO!
A SENTIMENT OK APMIRAIION' WHICH WAS NOT
FELT IIY THE WHOLE AmEIUCAN PKOl'l.E Utltil
it suited the vile purposes of malignant par
tisans to attempt to lilac-ken ins i.ime, in
acts which, in the better days ol the re
public, would have branded them as traitors
to the interests and trloi ies of the nation.
It is worthy of remark, that la this pe
riod of six years, (from 1 Gil to 1817) so
rife with glorious incidents in the lite '
Gen. Harrison, and so interesting to tiie
welfare of the nation, Mil an Lukkn .
NAME IS NCT HENTI.lNF.n IN THE -UMilMt.il.
lie was then too busy "pursing ovkh petty
sohkmf.s" i'or his own advancement, in Ins
own State, to think of tho great and glo
rious struggle in which the people were en
"niti'd. Respectfully, 1 '
INCIDENTS IN TIIE LIFE OF GEN. IIAKRI-
SSONrwn the Central Index fu'At.Vs Iv-gisler,
Jrom Sept. 1-511 to &V71. 117.
ITho Roman numerals designate the volume.
HARRISON, (gov. and gen.) William II. his ad
dress to the legislature, (1S11) vol I. 322; his
buttle on the Wubash with the Indiuns, 11. 50 ;
letter from him on the subject. I LOU; movements.
11. 431); his ollicial report ot the uame, 1. -m,
801: aDDninted a britr. ecu. 111 the U. S. army,
nnd a maj. gon. in tho Kentucky militia. III. 2.i;
tho forces under his command, Sept. 1312, III.
40, 57, OS, 01; attachment and enthusiasm of his
troops, III. 107; resigns tbe government 01 In
diana refuses the appointment of brig, general
and devotes himself to liis soldiers, ui. 01 o
340; an editorial article respecting him, I. 301
certificates respecting his good conduct mention
ed, II. 50; marches 00 miles in 21 hours in pursuit
of the Indiuns. IV. 13; seigo of Fort Meigs, sec
'Fort Meics." and loss at various sorties, IV.
1!)2; his uflicial reuorls. 1 V. 101, 2i0; doluil of the
siege, see as above. Proctor contracts to deliver
him toTecomseln 1V; 23S, 313; his intrepid
und modest reply, to au insolent , minions fioin
fen. I'foctor, IV, 200; holds a conference ith
CEASES TO BE DAXUEROU8, WIIEX REASOMS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT IT."
the Indians, HI OS; reaches Fort Wayno. Ill 79;
pressing down the Mauine, III. 120; his gonernl
order, 111 217; notices of his army, Doe. SJ'J,
1312, llIiV?2; arrives nt Sandusky, III. 315; M
Chilicolhe to consult wi;h gov. Meigs, Dec. HM,
H12, III 1510; n general order respecting col.
Campbell's expedition, nnd merits of otlii-r troops,
III :i:ll; ot the Rapids of the Mamnp, III 311 ;
his movements, III JiOiJ ; letter to gov. Meigs res
pecting col. Lewis's nlfiiir t River Raisin, III.
SSI ; to the samp, giving an account of Win
chester's defeat, III :J8 1 ; with his urmy nt the
Rnpids. KUOS; nt the River Raisin, IV 1:1;
captured for the N'cw Hampshire election ! IV
4; nrrives lit Chilicothe, .March, 1-313, IV (ill;
his letter to Gov. Shelby, Feb. ViX'i, on the mas
sacre at the River Kasin, IV (iO; engaged in hur
rying on troops, IV (?2, their numbers, IV 143 ; n
forged letter us from him deceives Gov. Shelby,
IV i'JO; he mentions Proctor's stipulation to give
Mm up to Tccumch ut nti Indian council, IV
'M'.Y, his general order respecting tooops on the
march, IV 71; his correspondence with general
Proctor respecting the wounded and prisioners at
Sandusky, IV 419; his letter to gov. Aloigson the
dismisnl of some of the Ohio militia, Aug. 0.
HI!!, vol IV 420; estimate of his force, V.
7 ; his order respecting the recruiting service,
IV 420; his letter to guv. Akigs claiming pro
tection for the IVIaware Indians, V Hti; his let
ter announcing tho capture of Maiden, V. 117 ;
his victory over Proctor, see Thames, and V l'JO.
l'.il.LM: inntruaniinous order to his troops.
Sept. 27, 113, V 14!); compliments to hitn.'V
140; remarks of the "Peace Party" on his vic
tory, V 11!); his proclamation reinstating the
American authorities at Michigan, V 173; ar
rives at Dutiulo, Oct. 21, 113, V 173; visited
by rnp'nin Lo Ureton, (Br.) who misses his ob
ject. V 170 ; his luttcr to gov. .Meigs, Oct. 11,
1-13, giving tinny interesting particulars of his
till"' ir wiih Proctor, V. lt); his proclamation
atmiiimcing an iinni-tice with ceitiin Indian
tribes, V 215 ; his conjunction with commodore
Perry in taking possession of Upper Canada, V
21,1; arrives at New York, V. 231 ; entertuined
there, V 201 ; charged bayonet on horseback!
V M! ; general Proctor's account of his defeat
and rapture, V 171; commodore Perry volun
teered as his aid, V 171; his toast ot Phila.b-l-pliiti,
V.2'i3; his opinion of Com. Chauncey, V
2(M ; his correspondence u iih general Vincent on
tl.e employment of t!.e Indians, V 312 ; ditto
itli gnn. ,'iicCluro relating to the defence of
tiie 2"iugara frontier, V 333 ; correspondence
with the war etiice during the summer campai"ii
of 1SI3, VI 30 to 32; 43 to 50, 107, 1U-J; r-j-signs,
and gen. Jackson appointed major general
in ins siean, i ; letter lrom col. croghnn
and certificates from several otlicers respecting
tiie defence of Lower Sandusky, VIII sup. 1-3
to 11; entertained at Frankfort, IX 152; his
bw-jraphy, IX sup. 71 to 77; his le'ter to the
spcuker of the house of representatives request
ing an investigation into his expenditures of pub
lic money while in service, X fji ; thanks of
congress voted to him, X. 125, 151 ; observations
(editorial) on one of his vindicatory letters, X
42 1 ; gov. Shelby's letter to him respecting cer
tain stupid and ungenerous calumnies, X. 425 ;
enertained at Petersburg, Vn. and his speech on
tho occasion, XII 7!); vindicated against cer
tain chari' s as to his behaviour on tho Wabash,
Causes of gen. iiariuso.vs he-
'IIlll.VJ FUOM THE SERVICE.
Having entirely defeated the enemy in
Upper Canada, Harrison advanced with a
part of his army to the Xingra frontier, and
thence to Sackult's Harbor, where he left
the Hoops and proceeded to the scat ol
Government, and then lo Ohio, where his
immediate duties required his presence. In
the plan of the ensuing campaign General
Armstrong, tiie Secretary of War, saw
111 to assign to General Harrison the com
mand of a now comparatively unimportant
district, while active service against Can
ad t was entrusted to others. That an
ollicer in the prime of life, bred to combat
under Wayne, who had signalized his name
in the memorable triumph of Tippecanoe,
won the brilliant victory of the Thames,
and by his courage and skill given peace to
the ,'.:rth west, reconquered Michigan, and
gained possession of a large part of Upper
Canada that such an ollicer should not be
continued in active service, naturally occa
sioned surprise. But though the causes of
it were veiled from the public eye, yet the
agency and motives became visible when
the Secretary of War, soon alWwaids, not
only designated a sueoumnatf, okhckr
within Gen. Harrison's district for a par
ticular duty, but also transmitted directly
to that ollicer orders to take troops from
me uisiriet, without consulting its com
mander. Un receiving notice of this, Gen
eral Harrison, justly indignant, addressed
to the Department a letter ot resignation,
with a notilication to the 1'resalent. Hear
ing of t his, Gov. Shelby wrote a remon
strance to the lVe.sident, expressing the
highest opinion of Harrison's military tal
ents and capacity to c mninnd, deiived
from aclual serving under him, and declar
ing the behel that in the arduous dulies he
performed, no ollicer had ever displayed
more energy or exhibited greater capabil
ity. Rut the Secretary of War had hastily
issumed tho right, Mr. Madison heme; ab
sent in Virginia, to accept Gen. Harrison's
resignation, w iiliout which, it is be'ievcd,
the 1 resident would have dotie otherwise
Cushing't Life of llirrison.
NATIVITY OF THIS Mii.UUUKS OF THE
HOUSE UF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE
Of two hundred and thirty-five members of the
House, the following States gave birth lo the num
bers set opposite to each in the table subjoined:
SATl'KHAY, MAY 9, 1810.
STATE OF THE COUNTRY.
Who cro the authors of, and accountable for, the
present distresses of the country J
On the 3d of March, H37, tieneral Jackon in
his farewell address, said : "At the moment when I
surrender my last public trut, I leave tl,i great
people prritjtunun and w.iy" I" this condition,
(ien. Jackson delivered over the nation to Jlr. Vnn
Daren who, on the 4th of March, when he received
tho charge, said, in his inaugural address: " We
present an aggregate, of human pros peril 7. surety
not else vh' re to ha" found " Tlujs did Mr.'Vnn Bu
ren opLifly, before the assembled multitude, confess
to the prosperity of the country, the administra
tion of who-e government had been confided lo his
The truth of the assertion of the out-going nnd
of the admission of the in-coming President will
not he denied by any one who will glance nt the
state of the nation ottho period when the present
administration came into power.
At that time "manufacturers were doing a fair
business," commerce flonri-hed, the national treas
ury was full ; wheat was Si, 50 per bu-he, fl'-lir S
per barrel, pork 1 per l.unc.'reJ, nnd the prices of
all other kinds of produce in proportion. State
improvements were in rapid progress, tl.e fruits of
individual enterprise were every where visible;
commerci'il transactions were curried on with fa
cility cud o invenience, the tailoring portiun nf soci'tij
h id pU -.it j if work a, gr.od wants', the exchanges of
the country were nt about one per cent, between
the east and the wc!, money was plenty and inter
It was said this was nn unnatural state of the na
tion, its finances and -t business. The country
was not consi'ler' .i ni.-rascd by General Jackson
when he delivered it over, nor was it. received by
President Van Buren with the least iiitimuMon that
there was any dieao preying upon the vitals of
the national prosperity. Ve therefore take these
iliii'inguished individuals at their word, nod charge
to the policy that has been pursued by Mr. Van M'u
ren, the misfortunes, eiuli irra-sments nnd distress
under which the whole country now labors.
AN IMPORTANT REPORT.
The Committee of Fokekin Relations on hie
Po c . n a i : v 1. i u si ; o N .
The Committee on I'orfijrn Relations, to which
wis referred the sveral messjges of the Provident
of the United States, comiminicatin to l.'onrres,
ot its present session, cert tin ollicial .correspon
dence in relation to the q i 1 r --' i j 1 1 of the territory in
dispute with ( treat Britain on our Xortiieasti'rn
troi.ticr; and also certain resolutions ol tl.e Legis
lature of Maine on the an sulcoct,
That they have hsd the same under consideration,
and now deem it expedient to communicate to ihe
Senate th"ir views fur not mo king, at the present
moment, a jreueral report upon tiiO whole sul'j'et.
They feel that they will best perform this duty, by
placing clearly and distinctly before the Senate tho
existing .state and condition of the pending nego
tiation between tho two I i ;vernments.
The President of the United states, in his annual
message of December lust, informed Congress thai,
"for the settlement of our Northeastern boundary,
the proposition promised by Great Britain for a
commission of exploration and survey, has been re
ceived, and a counter project, including also a pro
viion for the certain and final adjustment of the
limits in dispute, is now before ihe 13riti-h Govern
ment for its consideration." The president has
not thought it advisable lo communicate this counter
project to Congress; yet we have his assurance, on
which the most confident reliance mav bo placed,
that it h of such a character as v.iil, should it be
accepted, finally settle the question. This prouo
sitton was officially communicated to that Govern
ment during the last summer.
Mr. Fox, the Britisb Minister, in his note of the
2-lth January last, doubtless with a perfect knowl
edge of tiie nature of the project which had been
submitted by tiie American Government to tnat ol
Great Britain, assures Mr. Forsyth, "that he not
only preserves the hope, hut he entertains the firm
belief, that if the duty of nejroeiating the boundary
question be left in the hands of the two National
Governments, to whom alone of right it belongs,
tho diflicu'ty of conducting the neirociatiun to an
amicable issue, will not be found so great ns has
been by many persons apprehended," And in his
ubseouent note ot .March 1,5, 1TR, lie states that
he has been instructed to declare, "that her Majes
ty's Government nro only waiting tor the detailed
report ot the British Commission! rs recently em
ployed to survey the disputed territory, which re
port, it was believed, would he completed and de
livered to her Majesty's Government by the end of
the present month, (March) in order to transmit to
the Government ol the Lulled Mates a reply to llieir
ast proposal upon the subject of the boundary ne-
gociation. luus we may reasonably expect
that this reply will be received by the Preside. t
during tho present month, (of April) or early in
Whilst such is the condition of the principal we-
fociation, the committee have deemed it expedient,
ut this time, to report upon '.he subordinate though
important question 111 relation to the temporary oc
cupation of the disputed territory. Thev trut lhat
the answer of the British Government may be of
such a character as to render a report upon this latter
subject unnecessary. In any event, they have every
reason to believe that Ihe state 01 suspense win ue
but of brief duration.
The Committee, ever since this embarrassing and
exciting question has been first prescntsd for their
consideration, have been anxious that the Govern
ment of the United States should constantly pro
serve itself in ihe right; and hitherto the desire has
been fully accomplished. The territorial rights of
Maine have been uniformly asserted, and a linn de
termination to maintain Iheni has been invariably
evinced; though this has been done in an amicable
turit. So far as the rommittee can exercise any
induenco over the subject, they ure resolved, that
if war should be the result, which they confidently
hope may not be the case, this war shall be rendered
inevitable, by the conduct of tho British Govern
ment. Thev have believed this to bu tlu surest
mode of uniting every American heart and cieiy
Annerican arm in defence of the just rights of the
It is but justice to renin ik, that tho Executive
branch of the Government has, from the beginning.
been uniformly guided by tho same spirit, and has
thus far pursued a firm, consistent, nnd prudent
course throughout tho whole negocialion with
Whilst the committee can perceive no adequate
cause, at the present moment, for anticipating hos
tilities between the two countries, they would not
bo understood as expressing tho opinion that the
country should not be prepared to m. i t any emer
gency. The question of pe ice or war n ay. in a
great degree, depend upon the answer of too British
government, now speedily expected.
The New York Commercial Advertiser
says, that the Van Uuren Statesmen 01
Michigan, who have mangod its financial
concerns untill within ninety days, con
trived to manufacture bunks quicker, and
blow them up higher, and break them down
easier, and annihilate their asseits taster,
than tiny other men in the whole universe
could have done.
K. O. O. K. The Ohio State Bulletin (V. BA
is K. O. (kicked over) and defunct which is held
to beO. K. (oil korrect .)ISa:t. rat.
Vol. 1 .o. 8.
ADDRESS OF. THE CENTRAL CuMMITTEE.
(C O N T I N IED.)
There is but one rcm;unii)2 fuct connected with
this subiect to which we desire lo coll ihe attention
of our fellow citizens, byway of contrasting the
relative polity of Mr. an Uuren and General
llairison in reloreiitc to t' c coloured population
we have luuonzst us. If it be true, os alleged,
that General H joined himself to a society, while
a boy, the object of which was to ameliorate the
condition of slaves by sending them out of tiie
country, why, even that is no more than (he most
distinguished slave-holders themselves nro doinz,
through means of the Colonization Societies, ol
the present day. Even the Legislature of 'linn-
essee, scverul years ago, passed en act appropria
ting yiu.uuu annually, lor this humane and pat
riotic object, and so fat as wo 010 advised of pub
lie opinion on the suVect, no well informed train
las ever objected to this ulan of trctlin? rid of ft
population which is b. coming redundant and
(iangerou?. J-el os t.u.-n contrast this course,
dictated as well by the impulses of h uiiauity as
the principles ol sell preservation, with tho course
pursued by Mr. Van Huron in the convention
which was called to amend the constitution of
New York, in the year 1521: By thoc'.-i eon
s'.itution, all tho free negroes in the Stato Wire
entitled to vote, and one gre.it ob:oct of the eon-
vcniioi: was lo abrogate this equality of roiiiiol
lit. Wc knvo earr.fuily oxiiaiined the Official
Journal now before us, and wii'lo we conc-de.
with tlu apoloriR'.s of -Mr. Ymi Bi:.n, th ;t "in.
finally agreed to a compromise, whf-n.by hm m io
who was not wonii .-2.j0 was pera.ircd to exer
cise the elective franchise," we state the f.i'.l to
be that this eo.npio.uiso was alter ho had voted to
preserve the old Constitution cs it was, in respect
to negro stilTrngo. We shall rptote, fairly and
impartially, from pugei 131, KM ; r.d 202, the
proceedings and vote upon the :
amend tiie report ol the eornmitt'
himself offered no tiii!'..-rciit amen-i
regraded as Mr. Yaa Dutch's fast choice. That
he subsequently agreed to a cotnpramis., which
we find he did at pages ,'T7 and 31 8,
than nalural for a nun to do, when
carry things entirely to his notion. IV
this pinpysiiiou respecting- the ney
come so entangled v. i.ii other piop-i.-there
was rrerit .'ang.'-r of rcicetiiu' 1!
nil of thc.ii, and evea if he h id 10: tliewn so uu
bounded a bcnevolci'ce of feeling in the first hi.
stance, we cannot reciprocate tha: t'-no of wUri.
ration with which some of his d:.tocratic (.'
friends indulge themselves when 1 c-.:i:!ier;d:iitr to
the great right of free yulTYoge, t'.j Jijo black 01
the ivuiting-nuui, who had scraped together the
pence which which was lo buy it! Tha rubse
quent qualification was as ami-republican in
principle, as the first vote was over sticia! and bc
ucvohnt in design and purpose1. Duiio tho pro.
Wednesday, c-c-nternber 12, 1
i'rayer by t.'ie Rev. .Mr. Mnyi r. 1 no rr.-iu-ti.t
took his sent at V) o'clock, when the1 ;r.ii:;:tes 0:
yesterday were read and unproved.
A memorial wis presented froia the coloured peo
ple of the city of New-York, prayinjr that th-i L'en
ventoin would incorporate u. niovi-ion in the con-
stilutoia, preventing ihe Lpisitittiref.-om pin mi-?
any laws interferiaj with their rights by rci;ui.-ir-l'
them to be registered, Sic. previous to feeinsaiiov. -i
to exercise the riylit of sutlhigo. Ordered to lie 0:1
JMr. N. S.iNroiiD, from tho coinmitttee appointed
to consider tho right of suffrage, and the qualifica
tions of persons to ho elected, reported that the
committee having considered the subject? referred
t them, recommend the I'uHowine; atnendmei.ts ti
the constitution :
1. Every white male ri izeii of tii uc of I
twenty-one years, woo siir.11 huve re-iihu 111 :hi
stato, six months next p receding any i-'.e und
shall withi.i one year preceding tin; election, 1 . "
paid ui, y tax a-.-cssed open liiiu.ur -huH within one
year preceding tho elec'icn, have been nsvs-cd
to work on a public road, and shall heve performed
the work nsses.-ed upon him, or shall have p.: id tn
equivalent in money therefor nivordiii!? to law, or
shall within one year pr.viib'rr t!.o election have
been enrolled in the niilhh of this state, and shall
have served therein uceordin to liuv, shall be en
tilled to vote at such eleetii.n, in the town or ward
in which he shall reside. Cor poveruor, sen:iti-rs.
."embers of the assembly and all o'her otiicers, wi.e
are or may be ele.-tive hv the people.
Ved:ies-!ay, Soptewbor 10 pare 100.
The question th-m arising upon the tirat section
as originally reportrj by tho committee.
Ma. Jav moved that the word u-hLe be stricken
Thursday. September CO pnj 202.
Tiie question on striking out the word u-'i;': , w:is
then taken by ayes and noes, and decided in the
urtirtna'ive, us follows:
AYES Me.-srs. Bacon, Barker, Barlow P'ck
with, Birdseyo, Briukerhorf, Brooks. Bucl, Bur
roghs, Carver, 11. Clurke, (,'oliins, L'rauier, l.'ay.
Uedge, Duer, Edrtards, Ferris, Fish. IIjI'.-cI;, flees,
llogebooin, Uuii'ing. Iluiiting'on, J iy, Je-it's. K. iit,
King, .McoriJ, -Muuro, .NcNun, Tar!;, rau'dinj.
I'rcher, I'iatt, Keeve, KiohLrder, liie.'iard-, F."e'- r-,
Uosehrugh, taudeis, N. Sanili'o:.!, ISeamiin, Sle d ,
D. isoiitherhiiid, fsifi, ISvlvester, J. TaMu.adc,
Tuttl-, VAN B'JREX, Vail Ness, J. R. Van F.ens
sciaer, S. Vun Rensselaer, Vun Vcvhte-i. Ward,
A. Webster. Weudovor. WliMtou, E. Williams,
Woodward, Woo.ter, Yules 03.
NOES Messrs Bjwican, Brccsc, Bri.'.s, Our
nenter. Case, Child, l. Clark, Cly.'"," "1'ubois,
llvcknian, l'nirlio, Feu'un, l'rot, Howe, Humph
rey, Hunt, Hunter, Herd. Knowles, .a'i-i:.g, Law
reiice, Led'erts, A. Livingston, P. R. Li', ingston,
M'e' ill. .Mihikins, l ike, i'orler, I'ri .v, ihimpi-ll -,
lliukdiir", Rockwell, Root, R.-e, i:. Rue',l,
ti-'e, li. Miniiioru, mh ich-u, ei-:v, -!urpi. :;. 1-
hin, I. S.nith, R. Smith. Sp.mcer, Murkwcuther, I.
Sjuthcrliiiul, T.iylor, Ten Evck, Townlev, Town-
send, Iripp, Van 1 let, an li .r:i-. erbryck, L.
Webster, Wheeler, Woods, Vun::; -ot).
The reader need not be informed that the elfcc
of striking out the word " while," os moved hv
Mr. Jay and v-.tcd by Mr. Van Bui en, was to
admit " Ai l, in ile citizens of iho ego of twenty
one years," ecc. Since we have had this official
journal, and have read it from the hustings in
various sections ol our own county, two excuses
are raised by tha party which had (heretofore
wholly denied the vote. One is, that " Air. Van
Bmren was instructed so to vote." This, follow
citizens, is not even pretended by his biographer
and 10 admit such a plea from those who A.iow
nothing about It, and who even denied the vole
before, would be to surrender every thing to t lie
mero asseution of iho same men who tharse
Gen. Harrison wiih being an abolitionist, on tiie
mete ground that ho has not the lime, if he had
even tho inclination, to compromit his just sell
respect, by answering the hundreds of letters
which are addressed to him by his enemies, ask
ing for information in regard to those political
opinions of which the journals and debates of
Co egress, and tho otherwise authentic history of
the last 39 years, ere full and explicit 1 At
this place we may as well noliee an accusal on,
that General II. had committed himself to 'ho
keeping of a com i.'utec of friends on this and
other political subjects. Tho authors of this
blander A-aeiO its fals.ty. Gen. II. has donepre
ciscly what Gen. Jackson did, or permitted to bo
done in his fust Canvass. Who does not recol
lect a precisely similar committee in Nashville
to acknowledge the receipt of letters and to an
swer chorees against Gen. J., in his canvass
and who then complained of so necessaiy a
procedure '. The other excuse is, lhat, as a 1 e
gro was not a "citizen," the vote of Mr. Van
1J urc 11 did not make a voter of h'.m I Wo
might laugh a; this profound legal opinion, if lbs
Whigs had 110 been actually beaten in one of
lbs strongest contested elections ever held in the
city of York, by the aid, alone, (as was
charged by the public pre.-ses of the time) or
riT.E kegco votes, towards the, close of tho
Apologisine, fellow citizen?, for the lengthened
and minute co sideialion which we have given to
liiis subject, to tin truth and fiirness of which we
snail umx our signatures, we nroc;ea to notice
another accusation against General Hunison,
equally destitute of the least foundation in truth:
It is alleged, without explanation, that "General
Harrison voted, in the Ohio Senate, to s -' 1 poor
white men fur debt." This is done, too, fellow
citizens, by presses that have refused to publish
the letter of Gen. II., written lo tiie editor of tin
Ki'.-btnor.d Whig in 1S30, and republished by the
Whig press from one ox'rca.e of the L'i:ion to the
other, expiating atvi vmtltea'.mg tiie vote no gave
on striking out a section in one of the rrbviiaui
laics of Ohio, which h.il passed the House of He
prs.scu'.aiive, and which enacted lhat whan any
pe.'.-on was iii cuiifiriciKC-nt for ihe, non payment
of a fine or cor.s, wh'.r", (fur horse stealing or
houe btjin'iar, '01 instance; the punishment, o 1
conviction by ajiiiy, was line and imprisonment,
such person, if he v. v.ud net or could not pay
that p.j-.tiou ol tiie sei.t"i;ee 01 the jury included
in the fine and costs, bIwjM b ; sold lo sm h per-
sun as vou!J iK'V it fe
sei'Mlist p"i!'..d of the
i is :!.e wlie-Ie eti.-u,
i..:.-, pics -t:!..(l, and
- ' e;i:iir:;;:i' ns l.av-t
if' o . nan the fat's.
fell e v.-
Out ii H'e lilt
1 lie- b
upon mar,) wi.o cue! not.
it were Later tl.e c-oanty
ihe line and p :'j th ; eu-'
u 0 appfe-h.'i.-l yen w'..l i
tj unmake the v:t';;a;:t a-
He sh.'.'ild ini-si
y sue:, iiialtij.t&r,
u:'..1.: t ::,j--e w.'.o u'.ttc
t which star.d.s on your
own Stutute botm, ilif;:.C".;lV2
a 5.ii..i Ji ct.-tr.-au up
on those wiio lo
t or ii.i'.caJ of le.e.i.i avl
The thousands v.rj serve 1
'j'.vs of li.c- Noith Wectcn:
Ar.ny the aundrens ot homo v. ii-j h .vo shared
his private, unobtrusive .haii:i:-s history, its-!:,
which attests the remarkable- fact, that, of ail bis
soldiers, ?te( c-ae was ear suhjo.V.d to it icnomy
of a public chast'S-:runt ; li, sll attest ti.e v:-j-lence
of that paity rancour wiiuh would ascribe
a rharze of inhumanity to such u man.
We come, lastly, ft i low citiz -i.s, to the aau
of "federalism," which, be it borne in mind, -made
against every pfo.uir..v.it litizeu who l.t.
preferred any other mva to -Martin Van Bare:.
That was made the toiler; s:oi. in th last elt
t'oii, and aithei.i.'1: .Mr. in Burc-n has teho ':
nbandomd his oi-igb el fiieoils on several of t.
creates: ouestioi c ot" the Jay, it is still the iov
stem! We hail been taught to believe thai poi
ca! corislsxru-v, in the n.anly acceptation of t .
mo. h abu-ed p!.: 37 :, ve-'ut-.d fiom the contm .
devotion of the peop'.c '-0 tiic-ir princ p'.ts, t.:.u
their abandon. nciit of ai.y mere- win, or set
men, when they abandoned those princip
Tried by this rule, which is the only rule fur ;V
and independent General Harrison w.,i
be found the rcvci.se of his competitor, in abidinir
c:; shaken tee s
publican in !:S
Miir1- while l.oM
1 bier Ada:its.
'uritti'.ng end di
,,f Mr. A.ia.ns
He was a rn-
jO a supplier of Jetfer-
.itt: au :.. p',ria:i
1 e under
That he v.-. s i.ut reatoved
lUtii,.;'' v. ith a pion:ii,e:.t fr
evidence r.ut on!
y il et his principles were
ible, hr.t tnat the ''.cgu ol t riof,
s of John Ada.tis. was m ! lues.- .-.i.d
mpartson with tiie reig.s of spotlc :y
lanv m the times wr.'cli we se:-K 10 c.iange. 1 1 .
was a republican when appointed and reappoint,
cd by Jeli'-rsoit and Madison lo the in poitant
olii. e of Governor of a 'i'euli uy, ii. eluding lei
a while even the tbe broad Stale we r.cw inhabit,
and all with'.u lhat 'favorite West .11 eouimy "
of the fo.-n e, on whose republican bias he I'mJ
Iv yeiriicd as a couiitrrpoise M the des:en-iacy
of the olticv, ntore oppulent and luxtnious mem
bers of iho confederacy. He was a republican
w hen he wore to the tinny tiie double commissions
of Scott and Madison and h-1 was n republi-
an C!ei.e:ul at the ca.np fire, l!:e charje. or tiie
t. k tiller of rtjiablieaii sold t-is. Wt dj i.ot
peak for uT.a..iot.t, or for the sake el giving
mero cimui.mty to r.:s claims we speak the
facts as we find them history, written at a pe-
od when no nmuecmciit existed to pi-rvcrt or
change his principle. In a recent letter from
one of his r.ids de-cmiip.J a man wlicsc steilbig
honor would not peruv: him to witliic-i 1 the truth
resppcli:i2 even a political opnonn.t, we find
ihat he justified what Coaimrid-Me Peiry had
eemed an "iinneeessp.rv cxposuie of h;s person
by replying, that, ' ihe General
::. wlio coiiimanets
ise ranks the best
feun-.l, i.m-t never
republican vo.auteeis, 1:1 w!
eoJ ot the couii'.rv is to l
tu. nit ol
h:s own sa.ety,
familiar with hi
' If tills be not
;'s political pl't
at b-a-t tmtii hi:
s d'sr.-rard of
.hie. tions, i-ven
elation iii which
pOWOl f.:l .". 1 1 1 : V
co'.npnr itiveiy imperial 1
stood, in the head of a
omesi, li's letter lo Prcsi
sigirii.g his commission,
out a pretext, er even mi
c.ivi-s his eo.'iui'
aoei; iJV, for misivpic.
skiing r.m; at tins 1
nt.i'ii period of ii's hie.
'I have 11c othrr ino'tvc f . r writing li.is ieilcr,
than to assure you that tuy t--i t; tu-. t i. n wi.s not
nroduced by any diminution of 'lie interest I have
always taken in the success of yoi
r t crson. Too
or of rospe 't and attachment to t
former can only take pla
u I forget llio
publican pi meiples 111 wan.i I l.ave Lcen i.-ilucatca,
and tbe latter, when i i.aU cease to regard those
feelings which must actuate every honest mini, who
is conscious of favors that it is rut of his power to
Coming town to a period still later, we find,
even in tiie columns of a print which now labors
to detract from his merits, not only the strictly
iepublieT.il address itself, which he made to tho
electors of his district, dining the canvass in
which he was beaten for his vote on the Missouii
question, but tha commendations of the very Ldi
'SM appendix I.
?eo Judge Burnet' letter.
j Sec Col. .' Speed Smith's letter, p; end.x ti.