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Boon's Lick times. (Fayette, Mo.) 1840-1848, May 16, 1840, Image 1

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rf'BIS PAPItt 1 published weekly, by CYRiT
A C. CADY, at 3 in advance, orl at the end1
ol lh year. No piper will be discontinued Hut at
ilia option of the Editor until all arrearages are paid
and a failure to give notice of a wish to discern
tin jo will be considered new engagement.
itatcsof Advcrtiiii&. .
One dollar per square, of twelve lines, or less, for
the first inseition, and fifty cents a square far caeli
subsequent insertion.
For one square 12 months twenty dollars. .
Merchants or others advertising by the pear, to
the amount of fifty dollars and upwards, will be en
titled to a deduction of one third, where a regular
agreement is entered into.
Where the insertion of an advertisement is order
ed, without the number of insertions being specified,
It will be inserted, (in the discretion ol the proprie
tor) until forbid, and charged for accordingly.
All advertisements from strangers, as woll as till
orders for job-work, must be accompanied with the
cash, or a reference to some responsible and con
venient acquaintance.
BO
ON
LICK
T
IMES
"ERROR CEASES TO BE DANGEROUS, WIIEX REASO.X IS LEFT FREE TO COM It AT IT." Jr.rrEnsoM.
BY CYRIL C. CADY.
PAYETTE, IMSSOl'ltl, SATURDAY, MAY 16, 1840.
Vol. 1 IVo. .9
LOG CABIN-ET LETTERS.
COXTAININO AN ACCOUNT OF A Iino-CHASE.
Loa Cabin, Nohtii Bend,)
April 13, 1340. $
To Uncle Joshua Downing, Downingville.
down East:
Hespec'.ed Sir I was woke up this morn
ing about dav-liglit, by the tnrnelest racket
I have ever heard in my born days.
The Gineral was up, and out in his field
with all the dos, giving chase to a parcel
Of long, SLAB-SIDED, LOP-EAHKD HOOS, tllilt h ill
col in over ni"ht through n hole in his
tences. I puli'd ot my boots, and hitched
up my nx, and jined him, and for about an
liour we had about as tight a pull m driving
them critters out, as I ever want to hav
agin. For a spell I thought there was m
sich thing as gitting rid on 'eiri; for some on
'em showed considerable limit. a though
they had best rights there, but the Gineral
ho huns-to it, and slatted round anion": 'em
considerable, nnd I didn't like to give up
and so to rights we ple;ircd 'em all out, ana
turned to and lastened up thk hole in thr
fence, and then went round to see viat
damage they had done; and it was surpris
in to see how much rooting and destruc
tion these critters had done over night. It
will take more than twenty men for a week
to cure it. The Gineral was rale rnlhv
about it, and called up the man whose busi
ness it was to go round every dav to sec
that the fences was 011 Korrect." "Now,1
rays he, "Mister Jones, this is a neglect
that I can't overlook no how. It' I was the
only one dependent on this faim, it might
be a dilFerent matter; but when I know
thai many depend on malters going straight
here, 1 can't let this negligence of yours go
by. So you must quit for I can't have
nny man on this farm who neglects his
duty." Mr. Jones looked considerable
streaked, nnd said that it was not entirely
his fault, and thought he'd git round the
Gineral by telling him that he had been at
a "Log Cabin Meeting" about three miles
off the evening before; but this only seemed
to set the old Gineral hoppin' mad, and so
ho told Mr. Jones his best plan was to quit
the "Log Cabin"' party, and go right olT to
Washington, and jine the Government
party, and if he didn't know any body in
the Governmont, he'd give him a letter ol
recommend, saving, "This is a man who is
willing to neglect the duty he is paid to
perform, and willgo electioneering even
at.the risk of letting the hogs git in the gar
den.1' And so Mr. Joi.es has to quit, and
the Gineral is now looking round for a good
man to fill his place. ' .
I felt the first go oil" a leetlc sorry for Mr.
Jones but when I come to talk with the
Gineral about it, I found he was sorry loo
"but," says he, "Major, the etarnal princi
ples of justice and DUTir must b. observed,
or the hogs will have the upper hand.
There,'' says he, "was a good fence, and iis
Mr. Jones duty to see the bars all up anil
secured and he was paid lor attending to it;
the coming crops depend on it, and all the
people and their monies employed here de
pend on these crops; now, if he neglects
i i.i , i- i.
ins ou'.y, and me nogs unuo in one nigm
more than can be restored bv all mv work
men in a month, jou sec at once, we ali
must quit and go on the highway with the
hogs. No no," says he, ! dun'l asK what
a man s politics are it he neglects his tlutv
that's enough for me, he is no longer mv
man, and 1 would serve my own brother or
son iist so
Wil ,'" say? I, "Gineral I believe you are
right but," says I, "that aim the way things
are managed at Washington anv how
Folks there," says I, "aint considered fit for
any ollice unless they can show their anility
to go ofl electioneering, and woik sharp ti
keep in office the folks who appointed
" thein." "Well," says the Giuerd, "what
is the consequence, nnd what do we see?
Do the folks who have charge ot the greal
political farm, think that the people are go
ing to stand still and see the ruin that lot
lows such conduct, nnd not make an effort
to come at the abuse?
I tell you what it is, the old Hero has
got the old '98 grit m him, or I in inista
ken anil when he trits to the lute House
if he don't keep an eye on making folks
look well to their dutv, without tear oi
without favor, I will be ihu first man to
mind him of this day's hog chase; nnd there
is no mistake about it, lor he said at break
last open! v and before all the workmen n
strangers at table, that c:.id o.iveksmkn
andcoou farming were exactly alike; am
to keep both up, and going si rait and riht
cpuld only be done by "Etausal Vigi
lance" and so sure as there was a hole in
the fence, or a bar down, whether in the
laws that protect the people, or the fk.nchs
that protect the corn fields, the iioos would
git into the enclosure nnd do much mis
chief; and he whose duty it was to look to
these matters should be held to strict ac
countability or there was no use in having
laws or fences." The Gineral has a notion
that it will never answer for a man at the
headol a farm, or at the head of a Govern
ment, to have pets or favorites in office
any longor than they do their duty faith
fully. "Now," says he, "there is Mr.
Jones I would rather go barefoot for n
week than part with him; but it wont do
to trust him to gratify my liking for him;
for how con I compensate the many who
a man to look to the fences and ha neglect
his duty?"
So you see what folks in office have got
to expect when we leave the "North Hend,''
and take possession of the Whitk House;
and if the doctrine the Ginenl goes upon,
don't give satisfaction to the honest nnd in
dustrious portion ot tha people, then it
will bo because they are willing to pay for
negligent and electioneering fence keepers,
md content to see the hogs in the corn
field?, that's all.
So no more at present from vour loving
Major,
J. IJUWlNLNli,
Major, &.c, &.e.
year, from 1124 In IS'Al inclusive, tlahd in pursu
ance of a resolution of Ihe House of Represent
the of Ihe 'lh June, 1698.
For the year Wi
Co
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
lS'JO.
18'J7,
1829,
1930,
1831.
13H2,
H31,
1635,
ISM,
1837,
13,330,144 71
11,490,409 94
13.0D2.310 27
12.653,095 65
13,290.041 45
12.000.400 02
13,220,533 33
13,804.007 00
10,516,399 77
22,713.755 11
18.425.417 25
17.514.050 2"i
30 808.104 01
39,164.745 37
WHAT IS DOING IN CONGRESS?
We are frequently asked, " what are they
doing in Congress these days," and " why
don't you publish some sketches of their
proceedings," &.c. &c. We have published
but little, we know, and the reason is ob
vious there has not, thus far, to cur mind,
been but little of real importance transacted
by thai body. Tarty speeches, and politi
cal intriguing has been the order of the day.
and the interests of the nation entirely ne
glected to givt political demagogues an
opportunity to effect their purposes. The
following disgraceful and unprecedented
outrage is the latest intelligence we have
from that august body; and we suppose
the Globe's threat that " rivers of blood
would be spilt," &c is to be verified, and
that the Halls of Congress are to be dese
crated as an example
From the correspondent of the Baltimore
American, April '21:
A rn of unDirelllled excitement occurred in
ihu Hull of the House of Krpresentotivcs this
niornin". The excitemotit is tremendous, nnd an
outrage like it lias never been known in congress
I have but time to give you the following informs
tion :
Mr. SALTONSTALL was commenting upon
certain official documents in relation to the conduct
ml pynenitnre? of the Government.
Mr. WISE made some remarks in explanation of
ihis document the Globo of tin morning havins
commented upon it. iIr. isc appealed to the
clerk, to his colleagues, and to public documents to
prove that what ho aid iva true.
Mr. SAT.TONSTALL reuui"l his remarks
nd while he was sneakins, Mr. BYNUM, of N. C.
ameto the part of the House in which Mr. Gar-
Inn,! nf Louisiana, wis sittinff. 'n ihe hearing ol
Mr. G. and while addressing him, lie stated that
ihi (lur.iiti.ent was a susnieit.us paper, and intiiim-
led that it was corrupt. Mr. Garland maintained
ttinr ir was true, f All this converlation was hi'
t.iveen thr two member., and one or two in their
vicinity. Mr. G. appealed to Mr. Linn l.'unksand
others, in proof ot what lie had said. .nr. a as j
understand, confirmed it.
tU thai as t mav. hard words soon passea nr.
tween the two members, ihe lie was given by
Mr. Bunim. and Mr. Garland, in answer to it.
seii-rl .Mr. H. :v the throat, and struck lum two or
three times. Mr B. in return, after scratching the
face of Mr. Garland, drew a knife. He uttered
horrid imurccations in a voice which was hearu in
the Hull.
Mr. B. was seen by the crowds in the galleries
with his knife in his right hand, aim nearu u-mg
the most brutal languago, "liar '"puppy
ilrol." Xtt.
Mr. Garland, no less excited, but more silent,
continued to deal heavv blows against his antago
nist. As soon as could be, the two members were
separated by Mr. Evans, and Mr. BinUs aided by
ilios urnuiul ihem. After the separation, Mr. By-
uum slill nttttmnted to reach Mr. r. and to stab
hirn with the knife which he brandihed in the air
The S:pafcpr in ihe mean tune took the Uinir.
The Sergeaot-Et-Arms was ordered to arrest the
mouthers, hut ihnir friends urotected them. Both
now withdrew from the bar of the House, and par
tial order was restored. fDurins tho interruption
the members had left their places, and all upon the
mtside of ihe Hall rushed in. Order was at ici.gm
restored. 1
Mr. MOMGOOGLE, of Va., ca'Ied upon the
neinhnrj tu sinn ihn nunrrel where it Wis. The
honor of the i-ountrv required that the disorder
should be duelled.
Mr. YVISK u-sked the Speaker what order could
be taken.
Mr. UNBEIWOOD. of Ky. moved for the ap
uoiiitmenl of a Select Committee. He stiid t!it
the nation would not tolerate such conduct. He
proposed a committee of five to investigate the
causes of the quarrel. The motion was
inously seconded.
Mr. CONNER, of N. C. spoke feelingly nnd e!o.
quently of ti,e gross ou'.rage which had ueen com
mitted.
Mr. BANKS, of Va. said he spoke under feel
inss which he Ind never before experienced. He
was for invest ijatlun.
Mr. BRIGUU also sjoko appropriately upon the
question, and with great eflVct.
Mr. ANDREWS, of Ky thought no good could
come of debate, and moved the Previous Question,
which was promptly seconded, and tho Select Com
mittce instructed t takoordcr immediately in refer
ence to the ou'.raT'?.
Tun SPEAKER announced tha convnittea as
follows: Mr. Underwood, of Ky.. Mr. Bu'ler. of
Ky., Mr. Erigirs, of Musi., Mr. Clifford, of Maine,
and Mr. Cuopcr, of Ga.
The publication which gave rise to these disgrace
ful proceedings, is con'oinrd in the Intelligencer of
the 2'2d, and is as follows :
Tho first part of it. being all that relates to the
finances, is an exact wipy from Executive docu
ment 4H, II. R.. Sd Session of the &nh Congress.
The residue, except to far ts relates to the extracts
from otliciul ducumtnts, is, the rcad'ir will observe,
unufllcial.
OFFICIAL. ruHLic ExrENDixritM rnou 1SC1 to
li3S.
Lslter from Secretary of the Treasrry. transmit
ting a statement of expenditures, erctusire of the
vukic d-:bl.(rea-h year, fan IS'24 o IHil.
Jvne "JS, 1S3S. Read, and laid upon the table.
Treabvrt Department. Jane '27, 13:W.
Sir : In obedience to the resolution of ihn House
of Representatives of the 25th instant, I hove the
honor to "lay before the House a ntntement show,
ing the amount of expenditure, exclusive of the pub
lic debt, for each year, from 1824 to 1833."
I uin respectfully, your obedient servant,
LEVI WOODBUJtY.
"t Secretary of tlte Ti easury.
Ho. J. K. Pon.
Speaker of tht JIous of Representatives.
Xote. The foregoing sums include payments for
trust funds nnd indemnities, which, in 1837, was
$5,610,404 30.
T. L. SMITH, Register.
Treasury Department,
Registers Office June, 27, 1334.
This sum is subject to a small variation on the
settlement of the accountvif tho Treasurer..
UNOFFICIAL.
Contrast the expenditures of the Government
under the present with those ot former ad.ninistra
tions ; then read the following, ana reneci oeiore
vou vote!!!!!!!!
The following are literal extracts from the report
of the Secretary of Wur, and the message of the
President of the L nited btntes, on the subject ot
the interests of the Arrnv of the United States,
It is proposed to divide tho United States into
eisrht military districts, and to organize the militia
in each district, so as to nave a ooay oi iweive
thousand five hundred men in active service, and
another of equal number ns a reserve. This
would rive an armed militia force of two hundred
thousand men, so drilled and stationed as to be
rady to take their places in the ranks in defence
of the country whenever called upon to oppose the
enemy or repel the invader. The age of the re
cruit to be from 20 to 37 ; the whole term of ser
vice to beeisht years tour years in tne first class
and four in thu reserve ; one-foarlh part, twenty
five thousand men, to leave the service every year.
p-issirg, at the conclusion of the first term, into the
reserve, end exempted from ordinary militia duty
altogether at the end of the second. In this man
ner, twentv-fivc thousand men will be discharged
from militia duty every year, and twenty-five thou
and fresh recruits be received into tne service. It
will be sullicient for all useful purposes, that the
remainder of the militia, under certain regulations
provided for their government, be enrolled ond be
mustered at Ions nnd stated intervals; for, in due
course of time, nearly the whole mass of the mili
tia will pass through the first and second classes,
nnd be either members of the active corps, or of
the reserve, or counted among the exempts, who
will he liable to be colled upon only in periods of
invasion ur imminent peril. The manner of enrol-
inent, the number of days of s'-rvice, nnd the rate
of compensation, ought to be fixed by law; but the
li'tuils nun netitr ue lcit soiijeui 10 rrguiuuon a
plan of w hich I am prepared to submit to you."
Here is tho enuorsulion or mis monstrous pro
ject by Mr. Van Buron, in his last annual mes-
saPi. .... .. , .
The present condition oi me aeicnces ot our
principal seaports and navy yards, as represented
by the occotnpanyiiig report of the Secretary of
War, calls lor the early una serious attention ol
Congress ; and, as connecting itself intimately with
the' subject. I cannot recommend too strongly to
your consideration the plan submitted by that offi
cer for the organization of the militia of tiio Uni
ted Stales."
The follo-.vitiii is the lth section of tho plan of
h:tnils proposed by the Secretary of War for ihe
onmnization of the militia of the U. States, thus
recommended by Mr. Van fiuren by whi;h the
power is to be given to tlie President to assemble
such numbers, tit such places, and at such times,
within their respective districts, as he may deem
necessary not exceeding twice in otio year. The
people are required, if culled on, to perforin mili
tary duty beyond the limits of their own States, at
the will of the President, there bein' only eight
districts in the Union, nnd consequently several
States in a district.
We have only to call your attention to the uni
versal prediction mnde in 133, at the lime of the
removal of the deposites, and reiterated down to
the present time, viz : Tnat tchen us ledral Lxuc-
ulire olUained unlimited control over Hie public
purse, the next step would be t raise a standing
army.
Here it is in its full proportions !!!
The next step towurds the downfall of this re
public, under the false garb of democracy, we leave
you to conjecture. In the mean time, you are en
treated to pause before you strike this, last fatal
blow at the liberties of jour country.
"17. That the Presidentof the United States be
authorised to call forth and assemble such numbers
of the uctive force of the militia, at such places
within their respective districts, and at such times,
not exceeding twice, nor days in the same
year, ashu limy deoui necessary ; and during such
period, including the lime when going to and re
turning from the place of rendezvous, they shall
be deemed in the service of the United States, and
be subject to such regulations as the President
may tniuk proper to adopt fur their instruction,
discipline, and improvement in military knowl
edge." We, the nndersigned, hereby certify that the
above extracts are true copies from the reports of
the Secretary of War, and from the message of the
President of the United slates.
Arnii. 13, 1840.
R. Garland, of Louisiana,
John Bell; of Tennessee,
Jons M. Botts, of Virginia,
Tnos. Corwin, of Onto,
M. H. Giunnf.ll. of New York,
J.C. Clark, of New Vork,
Levf.rett Saltoxstall, of Mass.,
Trvmas Smith, of Connecticut,
Executive Committee.
NEWTON COUNTY. GOOD NEWS!!
The following communication we find in
in the Doonville Observer. It is really en
couraging to hear thus favorably from that
section of the State, But the " Ball is in
motion" and even in tha " long divided
South" we hear its rumblings.
The following representation of the
state of things in the South-west, is truly
cheering:
Wn. Editor: As the Whig cause' is
brightening in South Western Missouri,
where Loco-locoism has been heretolore
the order of the day. until the last few
months. Since Gen. Harrison's name has
been announced for thr; Presidency, the
people have awakened up and are prepar
ing to give him a hearty support. They
curse isenton s specie humbug and an
Buren's Suo-Theasury.
As our country is newly settled and the
lands just in and coming in market, an J as
many people are emigrating to this country
they b: ing what little money they have in
State Bank paper, with the expectation o!
purchasing themselves homes'. But alas!
they find when too late, that nothing will
be received at the Land Office but gold and
sil vor, and when they go to the Land Ollice,
the Kegister tells them with a very accom
modating smile, ll they will go to "jit son,
he will let them have the silvf.h," and the
Receiver says go tomv ehotii&h.-in-law and
you can get the siia-f.k they go and get it,
but pay from 2j to 50 per cent. I his mo
ney the Receiver takes to St. Louis and
gets cash for it at G and 7 p:r cent. So you
see how it is that Harrison and the L". S.
ted with huge vaults nnd impenetrable
closets lined with asbestos and secured by
bars nnd double bolted locks; nnd in order
that large sums may not be carried off in i
pocket book, tho public revenues are to be
collected in specie metallic suhslanjc.
bulky and ponderous, that will give forth
betraying sounds and cliiik out the discov
ery of on absconding porloiner. Thh?, we
are to believe, is the sagacious scheme long
'irooded over in politic councils, matured
by earnest thought, and now to be brought
forth to soothe the anguish of a long tur
lured country to remedy all ill, to restore
prosperity; to re-eslab!uli the down trod
den interests of every branch of domestic
industry. Upon this wonderful conception,
legislative councils hive set in grave incu
bation, seemingly vinconcious whether the
result was to be a chick or a serpent.
But there are oilmr things to be touched
upon in reference to the real character ol
this project, which we design to make the
subject of future examination unless, in
deed, the oblivion to v hich it seems to have
fallen in the Ilousu of Representatives shall
render such notice unnecessary
'M.Enki, which tiu the e&mtry, U cf
them !
Farmer. Well, I suppose that is all rigV;
iui it iooms to me pretty tough, that my farm
ind nil my butter and cherjse, nnd corn, Bud
und wont bo worth but half as much lis now,
ind yet I have to pay ns much for tnxes, and
'on. and effee. and fugar, and tht lawyers, too,
faith. I'll call again, Squire, about that busi
ness. Nt Hampshire Wakins Up. The Whig of
Rorkinpharn county, N. II.. held a convention last
week, at which more than 600 delejates were pro
sent. The delegates from New market, to tho
number of about a hundred, marched to the con
vention on foot, with music an! banners. Tho
county sends twenty delegates to the Eiltimom
i onventim. 1 he Hnrnson fever begun to rs.;je in
the pranitc slate, as the following paragraph from
the Concord Statesman shows:
"The hardy worronT huve tnken '.ip the hoelness.
and ars driving a 'ronir levn C-jt old Tip. We no-
t.icrn yesterc'iy one of thoiu irem?ii'lo.is vo'nclfa,
which none hut a live Van's"? knows how to man
lo. employed in tn,ir.ij produ-e of the interior .
market, drawn hv eiiht powerful ?revs, whose in.
p'oraiiM told of t ie libers ity of I leir master. oit-
njr through Alain street, with a Aug boarin; tlie
inscription, "Harrison :mri Tvler,";n one siilc, nnd
m ll. e other, "grieu!:uu. lu'iufic'.'.Tts, ird
Commerce."
LSank are gaining friends. We have several
old soldiers among us who served under
Gen. Harrison in the last war, they are
now tottering on their stall's, and their heads
are silvered over by the frosts of many win
ters, yet they live in hopes that they will
see the day when they can give their chiel
a helping hand to the Presidential chair.
It is a gratification to me to hear those old
veterans give young aspiring demagogues
the lie, when they hear them misrepresent
Gen. Harrison's conduct during the last
war. How they drop their feathers and
sneak oil' as though they had been shot at
and not missed! From the signs of the
times, 1 believe that Gen. Harrison will get
a much larger vote in the south western
counties than any other Whig has ever yet
done. If the changes in all I tie other Dem
ocratic counties have been as great as they
have m 4 or 5 ot the south western coun
ties, 1 bklievk Harrison will carut the
State.
A FARMER OF NEWTON.
Statement xAnvtn t Mmn,ivi f -,n.Hlure nf lht
irLr-iirM 'n hij i.jm. iui iivii'j u i nv'jj raws offl'i, AVfii-f r.; if tf-W, for
CONGRESS.
The Cincinnati News asks " What is
Congress Join jit" We will try to answer,
They are wearing out the carpets and the
patience of the jrood natured people. Thev
ure skulling their dull sconces with then-
club fisis, while they are sci'li.ino the good
ship government toward the
rocks nnu
shoals of anarchy they are pouring out
oceans ot eloquence and pouring in oceans
of "ihs critter" stamping the Hour, in the
heal ol political excitement, nn. stamping
reproach upon our national character. The
House is a lounge while the Senato is n
dormitory. Speeches are spun out in pro
portion to the per diem, while the silent
members laugh in their sleeves to think
that the good people have such considerate
moulh-pieces. Colt is now cxl ibiling his
"repeating cannon-' in front of the capitol
it pours forth its thunders, over and over
ngnin always in the same tone; we won
der if it is not put there ns n satire upon
the "repeating members of Congress V
!Wf. (T.rl cr.
From the Ba'tituore American.
THE SUB -TREASURY.
Tiie history of this project from lu first
conception to the present time, when it lies
in a stale of dubious existence, uncertain
of birth and likely to prove an abortion,
would present some singular phenomena it
fairly set forth. What it is precisely no
one can tell; what it is to be, is told in the
meagre language of the bill. It is alto
gether probable, however, that its origina
tors h ive certain ideas of its real charac
ter, and of the part which it is intended to
perform, more definite than any which h ive
yet been communicated in discussions upon
"the subject.
1 he first indication ot tue Sub- i reasury
scheme is to be found in the intimation
given by General Jackson in one of his Mes
sages, that if Congress had applied to him
for a plan of a National Bank, free from
constitutional objections, he would have
furnished one, adapted at all points, to the
requirements of the country. What that
plan would have been, we can judge only
by what the Sub-Treasury has since ap
peared to be a project conceived nnd ma
tured by the same party of which General
Jackson was the head. The war against
the Lnited Slates Bank, and afterwards
against the whole banking system of the
country, must h-tve had some other purpose
than merely a destructive one. I lie ul
terior purpose we may presume is now em
bodied in the Suh-T reasury. The consum
mate address with which the prejudices if
ihe ultra democracy were excited against
Banks; the skill with which the feelings of
the same party were enlisted in support of
a sum-nil; iiicn win. ii carried out, concen
irate tne power ol all Banks in one great
central establishment; and, more than all
the singular dexterity which has conciliated
the upholders of (he State Rights into tha
support of a project of consolidation more
ominous than nny ever before imagined
all give evidence of the vast importance
which the National Executive attaches to
its favorite measure, while they are, at the
same time, characteristic of its sivle of
policy. It is a matter of some concern
then to know what will be the effect of thi
system when brought into action; and what
its modes of operation. Is it designed to
regulate the currency nnd equalize ex
changes by affording a circulation boating
a permanent and identical value in si
parts of the country? Will it operate ns
check upon issues mndti by local institu
lions upon an insecure basis? Jo nil sue!
inquiries the language of the lust Message
furnishes nn answer to the effect that no
connection whatever will exist between the
Government Sub-Treasury and tha Bink
ing system of the country. The currency
must take care of itsell exchanges may
run upon four legs or upon two the peo
pie must not expect too much at the hand
o the Government, and business men must
look out for themselves. The end nnd nim
of the Sub-Treasury, we are lold, is thf.
SAFEKEEPING OF THE 1'uBLIC Mo.NKt! For
this desirab'e purpose stone buildmgs witli
iron gratings apc to r provide. t, fonstrt'"
RIVEK.3 OF BLOOD.
The Globe of Wednesday nfghf, disc'-irses
After this wise. "I.' Federalism Miijohl s'il
cocd in viliatiii' the I'lesidontial eltvti'.n !'
fa'so returns, or oilier iniMns. and make it a
contested question to ha settled elsewhere tlru.
at the polls, the Government will bn so' J, fi;r.i
it never will Ik rer-overed hy tho pnople, hat
at the ex)ionseof rivtrs of blood." Whut friend
of his country can rea l the ali..-ve official prrc
tarnation by Mr. Van Huron through hisoigan,
thu Globe, uud not shudder at tho vnortiiiiy o:
the remedy lie proposes for his anticipated ilo
ftjat. Tilt; returns from Comitciicu'. had ju-a
reached the palace. Tlrj party Iii.tp had bi
coaio satisfied that neither their s'unders cf
tJan Harrison, lliir reduction of wngc, nor
their drawing room heroism of Mr. Van li.irtu
is likely to stuy the popular indigmriuu egainst
them, as tho authors of the calamities and ds
tress of the nation; nnd now, as a hist rasor,
the tocsin is sounded, to arms .' ye faithful. Ii
Mr. Van Hurcn should he dli-atcJ, Kit it bo hi
'-expaiseof rivers of blood. "W'e were apprised
that tlieso blooj-sudtors who aru lasiuuud on
the treasury would not sjrrendor iheir p ip, un
til thpy were literally driven from the door ol
the Department, but we ciui'ess wo vera not
entirely prepared f.-r a resistance, of liic char
acter palpably recommended by tha Globe.
W'e will tell thr administration tint thi-ir proc
lamation0, liko liieir slanlers will do tltsm no
joud. Tne ar.r.s of thu fieou,.'ii of ihi, na-
lion crnnoi be turned up jii tli.j oi l hero tv'no
periled his lifo in tho touted tloiti, iiiin and a
g u'n, i.i deadly conflict with our fu reign ena
mies: they love liirn because lie hits l-.weJ
his country ns to b ire it. a bi'a'-o tvi l in in! v
bosom to its er.emks, M lh tim? wlun his
slanderers nnd thos.j who now prefer "rivers
of blood" to bis elevation, were eithor in thrir
nurse's arms or dancing cotillions at splendid
balh. Dj they presuum to think ilia1, tho pao-
p.e ol this nation are then ser:s, to nsr ut iiiuu
iieck or noj, ani bv e vil war ca.ie rivers tit'
blood of their fellow cilizins to rim thrjugli tlie
laud? Such desparaliou wo hava never i.-
nessed. If the Coimei ttcut eleo!;oa produces
ic'i a statu of r.:ci . :)2 at the p.'j.:e, what wili
ilia lulling thunders tvhk'h ar.i gi'.herirg in
the political sky produce? Vou had better lake
it calmly, gentlemen, vour days arc lumbered.
and, ult-iojgil you have disrogardo 1 the voice
of the peoitiu while living, we hope vou m iv
hUSSTA.
.'.'.Ton.'hig to tht official :i.Moun,.s of tho birth
'ir.d deaths in tho Russian empire, it appears tint
in th course of tho hist your, a grent many per
sons died who had attained a remarkable hijh a?n
The number of birth was 3.H-.W.99J
D-Mti,, l,oG:),7aa
Eresi of riir.is 770.250
Mirria-Tes -llV-VM
Among th'i deDtlis fhcM vvr, if port rs
From 101 to loS yur
F-a-ri 110 to U. j
! ro-n 1 !f to 120
From to l: fl
From 1 M"i
Froii 150 to I'y-i
Of loT) years
Of 1 60 yonrs
WjiSl'i-UN MWSUUtl?.
sec io.i f country lit 9 a'.tr.it
i.'fi'.l years p'is'.,
This
great attention f.r seven
migrants by aim t Hmu
have mured into it hud ;a
to see and o:jt;tin itii.jn.i.i
is as preut ui c .; T
irreat iidvaiitnges is mr o."
IMCr top'lCS Ol O 'lV.Vt S ,.! 1
many ot the e islsm
aware that m ny, in tli
barred the priviieo of in
55
ICS
1311
a
t
3
1
l
led
is we in iv s:y,
Tn? unxi-1 v
.l.l.i J.I . e..e'l.tl It,
The Wei! and its
of !,,..- in 1st ("iirn ss-
.! ui -.ti 1 etiquiiy i.i
st iles, .-mi we nro
'! utes. arc ue--'nwf
and vi--?w-
;olv;:. T such
i Jvs.:;i:jti:-n wi.l
,iv 111 vourU'-ain tu tlni vn:cn wi'h at
tho semblance 01' rasped. Midlsonlan,.
From tht Xmckh Von.) Courier.
Wo were quite amiiMil, a few dnvs M.ioe.
with the tenor of the fnlluadn diahitie, which
as been repeated to us. An honest former had
cciisinn to call upon a lawjer, both beintr dis
ciples of modern demo-racy:
Farmer. G-ioJ morniti". Son. ire. What
news to-Jav ?
Lawyer. Why, nothing particular. It is
lid tho Sub-Treasury bill will loon pas, in
Congress.
Farmer. Woll whut d,i y,m think of it?
Lawyer. Think? Why, it will be on" oi
the most snlulary bills which Coacress couU
hiss, i' wi.l make gild and silver plemv, a.vi
reduce too price of every c:miii 'ditv 75 :-r
nt, and labor too. You couM emclov Vour
workmen' ut ha! I" the price uu now d .
Farmer. ell, I like that. Bat, Sri u ire, I
gave ihreo thousandjHoliars for roy farm; but.
according to Hint, I could only sell r. lor aboat
fifteen hundred.
Lawyer That is true, but you enulj buy as
much with lint fifteen hundred as vou can now
with double the amount.
Farmer. Bat they say I enu'd notbuv cof
fee, tea, or suar, or any other foreign article,
ehraper ihan I !o now.
Lawyer. I hat is trui; but it is the fault of
mc; the country !.; l!:e;n
w e have thought, a jenei:-
not be uriin'.cresitijj.'.
We have in co:itc;:iji.iLiun, as soon as ti:?
hf'.iraiuti'Ui citi bj obt'iin.'d, tils juh'.ic.i
tion, in continued numherr, of n deficit
description of each of the western coun
ties, giving their latitude and longitude
boundaries number of townships and sic
lion the quantity of entered and unen
tered land the qualities of the soil tuid pr'
iucts the face of the country '.he varie
ties of timber and underwood the water
privileges lor m:;is ana nivigv.Mii
sprint: and ail o'ier tarticuiars ocarina
an interest, or oor.i.ur.iiig s'. ;li--ti .::l inhu
mation. The i'aoj of the country in Western
.Missouri, ij g-- nerally rolling, iuiJ. lit s well
for cultivation. Uuk to be more particular,
we will arrange it in clusscs, and describe
0 ic'i separate the ti; st of which wi.l h,
s' vle I The 15 itto'iis,'-or "made lan is.''
The .Missouri river runs nearly an eastern
coursj, but in a zig-zag line, reflecting alter
nately from bluir to biiill", and by this mean
dering course the b.'Uoms are formed.
l'h?y vary from one to livo miles in vi !;;,
an I are deuseiv covered with irrowtns ot
timber, the principal varietu-s :" which are
cotton-wood, syeamure, elm, linden, oak of
seveial species, hotiey-l .n-.as'., coifee-bear.,
buckeye, hackberry, hickory, mulberry,
black-wulnuf, ice. The uiidergrowth con
sists oi wi.ue-thoni, paoaw, red-bud, Lack-
alder, grapevines, The soil is extremely
rich, and produces auiiiiii.intiy. It is com
pose.! 01 very i;ne sauu ana vi'trelaoirs
tnouid. Ui late yea's toese botlotns hive
not been subject to inundations, au.l hat o
tir c jiiie thickly settled. Future oven!
ings are but ittll ajprehended. The sur
face is level and occasioiially small hikes ur
ponds ;n found which abourid ia fish ami
water-fowl, and aliording choke resorts for
tho sportsii.en. Water can be obtained
from the river hv diguinir, or from fmo
springs of rool
of the bl nil's,
these bailouts,
that of
water issumi;
The health
is e-n'-rally
thr isa livir. j
iron, the bast
of settlers i:
(.ousidet ed .
on the higher
t!ia l irctiu-rs, who love to grmJ up r.ur porr
(.eop!.
r armor. We. I, vnj stv that larms tnu la
bor, and all lhat, wu il. I cost e-niy half as much
is now how wou'J it bo with the ollici.ln.M
;rs for the iilagiicy U hi"s tav lhat t'.iev
would c.'t as much, and that wouU bo wonh
twice what it is now t
Lawyer. That is b. -nuuso thry have ilitir
pay in money tiiJ ihat will not sink in value.
liiougU every nunc els will.
Farmer. Then, if I want lo raiso money tc
pay my tax, I must sell twice us much Corn 01
produce as I used In; a id iln oiH.-o h .Id-ar gets
il ? I lo .so a little in that nv, and I do h it sec
how I caa gain any thing. Will lawyers wurk
ljr half Ihey used to gei?
Lawyer. U hy, cenainly not. They have
a rule of charges, and cannot conveniently alter
ihein.
Farmer. Well, I want some business done,
but ns you think the Sab-Tryasury will pas-,
and every thing ha u great deal cheaper, I cal
culated you would charge les. Won't you a
i;ree, if iho Sub- Treasury bill pass, to take
half price?
Lawyer. .o, bir: it would break into our
Milo, and that is very inconvenient.
Farmer. What shall I gain.Siiire ,Sy tht
plant
Li'vy, r. -G it .' Wi-.v, it v 'jr .-.
good fis
lan-.is.
2.1. Tho "Wml's" are generally graiu ,1
in tlie r ascent from tiie river or " bottoms,"
and slicrhtly broken. Tnev rise from or.
nunurea to mtee tuinurcii ti-et aoove tn
common level of tiie rive. Tin? s il i--ve
ry rich, and heavily timbered i:h;.h
tho varieties above m?ntion?d exooptcot
ton-wood and sycamore, wiih tiie occa
sional addition of groves of stigar-mapie.
Limestone can w found at
on the face of these binds. They
cultivated extensively, ur:d j rodu'
aouiuhintly.
31. Alter si; iking the comnnn !
the country, tne trn'oiuvn ianus va
two to five miles in '.i.itii, the soil
best quality, and the mi-..c9 ireiiti
luting. Timber of many varieties, is idso
found skirtiuo tho bui.ks of all tne water
courses emptying into the fitiu-'ipal ;ivcis,
which ailords means to the settlor, for bui!u
tic now
? ti;oM
vei of
y I'-:.-.: n
'oi th
untie
ing nnd fencing, on the ";-raines," or open
anus.
4th. Th-'-! "Pr-iii i .-., ' .-r higher p u tins
if the country, and sometimes tctmed t;
Divities," raiifit' pritici'a!!y U.-tween th.
streams ani p. e tro.n ore to t?a rmies
witle. Thrir surface is tji-ntly lollimr, and
m the summer season most beautifully mm-
lied iu a ''coat of lireen," composed of va-
isticsof wild grass and weeds, presenting
ine of ihe finest scenes in the world. The
snil is mostly very fertile, and alter the first
ploughing or breaking easily cultivated. A
large quantity of this description of coun
try is still subject to entry. It is not our
object to particularize the many induce
ments nnd advantages this portion of tho
Slate possesses, but merely introduce th
suiiiot't, nna couiiniit-, us nuevo proposG,
;i m:vra sntisfactcrv dfsfrriution t s.'u fi
re ti.Mt, ri'x'mvto!! E "-.

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