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I M E
"ERROR CEASES TO HE DANGEROUS, WHEN REASON IS LEFT FREE TO COM HAT IT." Jeffeiison.
BY CY1UL C. CAIY.
FAYETTE, AU8SOIHI, SATURDAY, MAY 30, IS 10.
Yol. 1 2V. 11.
THE EIGHT HORSE SADDLED.
Tho "democratic citizens" who contribute to the
Hickory Club and the Democrat, and whoso waitings
on account of tho free transmission of Cushing's
pamphlet life of General Harrison have no doubt
been at least sincere, are respectfully referred to
the following section of ttie Post Office law to
orders for job-work, must be accompanied with the prove that Mr. Corwin did not violate the law in
csh, or a reference to some responsible and con. , Eioirrunhv. fbeinir less than two
ounces,) and then to the letter which succeeds it, to
show who m guilty.
"And be it further enacted. That letters and
packets, to and from the following officers of the
United States, shall be received and conveyed by
post, free of postage: Each postmaster, provided
From the Albany Evening Journal.
Am "Auld Lang Syne,
Should bravo old soldiers bo forgotl
filtntiM natpiiita fail tn tmina
wbn ench of his letters or packets shall not exceed half
In days of auld lor g sync?
No! as long as life endures will we
Deep in our hearts enshrine
The names of those who made us free
In days of old king syne.
Proud England, floating o'er her Crown,
And King, and "Rights divine,"
Sent for her slaves to chain us down,
In days of old lang syne:
But freedom's champions averr'd
They'd make their "Lion" whine;
And nobly did they keep their word,
fm Is days of old lang syne., .-
They dre-.v a charter strong and full
Nor did they fear to sign
The bullet in that pricked John Roll,
And cut in every line.
Among those hearts of flint, whose fire
Lit up the flame benign,
Was Harrison Tip's sainted site!
A Whig of old lang syne.
But not the father's fame alone
Exalts the Soldier Son
He has bright laurels of his own,
In hard fought battles won!
The Wabash banks-Fort Meigs-the Thames,
Their tributes all conuine
To rank him high with those whose names
Were dear in old long syne.
And who's Van Buren? where, and when
Did he lead on the brave;
Or rise his voice or wield his pen,
Or ope his purse, to saic!
While Tip gave fight, he styled the War
OJ-" Disastrous" and "malign,"
And richly carn'd a coat of tar,
As Tories did lang syne.
Let those who love sub-treasury charms,
0- Hard work and little pay.
an ounce in weight: each momber of the Senate,
and each member and delegate of the House of
Representatives of the Congress of llio united
States ; the Secretary of the benate and uierk oi
the House of Representatives, provided each letter
or packet, (except documents printod by the order
of either 7ouse of Congress) shall not exceed two
ounces in weight, and during their actual attend
ance in any session of Congress, and sixty days be
fore and after such session, and in case or excess
of weight that excess alone shall bo paid for."
The statement of the Democratic Utizc;-: that
Mr. Corwin is an; Abolitionist is just as true as
that he violated the franking privilege and not a
uhit more so.
But the following letter from a Virginia member
of Congress shows who are guilty in Congress
and in the Post Office. By the way if Cushing's
life of 7arrison, as franked by Mr. Corwin, or any
other packets which have been franked by Whig
members of Congress to tho Post Office here, had
weighed more than two ounces, would not our
ictVanf and attentive Postmaster have looked closely
nto the excess! The Democratic citizens will have
to invent a new story it being evident that, in
this instance they have "saddled the wrong horse."
LETTER FROM MR. BOTTS.
" O Tarn, 0 Tarn, Ihou'llt grt thy farin,
In Hell they'll roast thee like a licrm."
I observe in the Enquirer of Tuesday, the 7th,
an accusation against, me for an abuse of the frank
ing privilege, which is too absurd on its very face,
(though endorsed by Mr. Ritchie in an editorial
paragraph,) to excite any other feeling than that of
contempt tor me malignity inai ongiuuicu h, una
Ditv tor tho toliv itiat cave countenance to it.
With Mr. Ritchie and his own highly censurable
conduct, which shall be exposed before I finish this
communication, I should not have troubled mvself
Closed working-shops and mortgaged farms ur the public but for this attempt to assail mo
Extol King Martin's sway.
But We have solemny affirmed
We will not rest supine
Till Van shall squirm, as Croswoll squtrm'd,
And wriggled nor lang sync!
The knapsack pillow'd ITarrt's head,
The hard ground cas'd his toils;
While Martin, on his downy bed,
Could dream of nought but "spoils."
And shall the blue-light rule the Free
Shall Freedom's Star decline?
Forbid it Heaven! forbid it ye
Who bled in old lang syuo.
Is Harrison one whit the worse,
Because he'd not secure,
As Martin did, a long, full purse,
(f$r But vent from office took? .
And does the low "log cabin" hearth
Unfit Old Tip to shine?
Did no log-homes give Nobles birth
In days of old lang syne?
What though the Hero's hard "huge paws
Were wont to plough, and saw?
Doss that disgrace our sacred cause?
Does that degrade Aim? No!
Whig Farmers are our Nation's nerve,
Its bone its very spine!
They'll never swerM they did not swerve
In days of old lang syne.
No ruffled shirt, no silken hose,
No airs does Tip display;
But like "tho pith f worth," he goes
In home-spun "holddin-gray."
Upon his board there ne'er appeared
The costly "sparkling trine,"
But plain "Hard Cider!" such as checr'd
In days of old lang syne.
Connecticut has raised the heel
Tip's tory foes to bruise;
And keenly do their vitals feel
The Tread of "Jersey Blues."
November's idet will give the stroke
Hard, final, and condign
A blow like that which snapped the yoke
Id days of old lang synol
Yes, Tip must grace the big "White House!
(Alas! for groom and cook!)
And Van on AtMicA-stocks mustbrouse,
At home, sweet home the 'hook!
Thrice hail, Old Tip! Log-cabin" Tip!
"Hard-Cider Tir! To YOU
The helm we give! hail, Noble Ship!
"Land ho!" the Tort's in View!
Huzza! huzza! Kind heaven be prais'd
Thn Star. Ilia Star benign.
Shines bright! 'tis Freedom's Star that blazed
in days ot old lang syne:
through the public prints, in order to screen his
triend, wlio nas eeen essanca in anoiner quarter
whether lustifmbleor not, 1 pretend not to suy.
It is not the first time this winter thtt I have
had reason to complain of Mr. Ritchie, towards
whom I have ever been courteous and civil, lor
lending the use of his columns to hireling writers
todeluine me, when ho UnoiV that there was not a
narticle of truth in what he published; and now
that he has given circulation to, and endorsed a
slander and a calumny which, on its face, proves
the folly and wickedness ot tho charge, 1 shuil
avail myself of the occasion to communicate for tho
benefit ot all wiio.may choose to read a tew facts,
which will make even Mr. Ritchie blush, if he is
at all sensible to shnnm
This letter writer charges mo with hav,ng prac
tised a stupendous traud on the rost Ultico Depart
mcnt, which is, as I have said before, endorsed by
Mr. Ritchie, and is in the following language. He
is defending Mr. Roane, and says :
"As far as the law is concerned, Mr. lioancha?
complied with it in the instance abnvo recited
but to settle tne gentleman s squcaunsnncss on the
subiect, I would inform him that in no instance has
the franking privilege been abused to such an ex
tent coming within my knowledge as that inflicted
by the Hun. John Minor Bolts, who franked the
posthumus speech of tho Hon. John Davis, of Mas
sachusetts, in reply to Mr. Buchanan. This gentle
man made up a bag of the above named speeches,
leaving tho superscription blann, to be tilled up by
the members of the Legislature, and addressed it
to V. W. Southall, Richmond, which, instead of
coming through the channel designated by the law
of the land, was sent as freight."
jNow to this charge, substantially, 1 plead guilty;
though it is not true that I sent them to Mr.
Southall. I did send a sack-bag full of Mr. Davis'
speech to Richmond, to the care of Wm. H. McFar-
land, .sq., Chairman ol the Central Committee,
shewing lluit tlie Sub-Treasury scheme was supported
by Mr. Buchanan, and otlicrjriends of the Adminis-
. iL J 1..., -' , i
iraiwn, vn tius fjiuunu ,u it uas cuicuiaica to re
duce tlte price oj property and the price of labor, to
be distributed as called for among our political
Incuds in the Legislature, to be taken home by
them, or directed and sent by mail, as might be
most convenient to them ; the labor of directing
being at least as convenient to them as to mo.
I wish I had another sack-bag to send oil' in the
samo way I would, if it were in my power, put
that document in the hands ot every reading and
reflecting man in Virginia, and would trouble the
United states Mail to carry them for me, if I be
lieved they would be distributed in time for the
elections, and should think I was rendering my
State and my country an essential service in so do
inc. Now let litem make the most ot it.
This was the abuse ot the (ranking privilege
complained ot. It was for this that 1 am held up
in the columns ot the Lnquircr as committing a
fraud on the Government, because 1 clioso to pay
the freight out of my own pocket to the steamboat
and rail-road on documents that the Government
was bound to carry tor mo, without compensation,
if 1 had required it.
1 had supposed that the frauds usually complained
of were such as Mr. Ritchie has himself been
WHICH IS THE ABOLITIONIST?
In reference to the .Infi-Abolition speech of
I. .Ann Tannnti iIia Vnn Huron SnnAtor from
. . l.C . . . ... ., r I itniltu nF V n Ktimltnir nnnfr nnA nnrlentrp nrnhiliitpA
Ohio, the highly respectub o eauor oi me ver- su,,v w wy-
v ' . . ' ..-... . I Am 7im. and -nnt fur arekiner a urivate cnnveuan.ee
mont ielegrnph, makes Hie following remarks: '. , .. ul,S:Ir m. ln ,. f nf
"It is not yui lour years since 1 ucuru una niiiiio - .
Senator lappan advocating tlio cause ol the m, i,; t KnnnsB. would bo satisfied that
slave, in the city of New York. It was a meet- W should stop hero, after pleading guilty to the
ing of the "Vigilance Committee on Anil- charge of sending documents as freight; but for his
Klnuoru merlin? of the hiirhest tone. He was I information, as well as others, 1 will furnish him
not thon content will) endorsing tno Anti-aiavery wiw wv pnuciimi .cuau.. u im,Uw..u ... .....
...,! .,ii,n I H wfliit iirl iii Jletnas rendu coursu n was i.ui.,.ii..iii..
VICliU . " J I . tln ln. I lll'inn ILinnrtrnullt nn I.
... ., ,7 I IU LUC I1UIIU. Ul ,IIU tU.. tn ii.'-.v, v
toauixn ineuoermwnvj ca, i oca ,0, . ... ... ,)ractised on
arms ! ! He was reDUKud cy ins younger oroiuer, i Wllij; Monlber of congress who undertakes
lv Charles Stuart, and olhers. But ho was as tn p,,..... tho nrivilpiro of fmnkinir documents to
- . i ir ii i.. . . . . .. .
confident OS l'eler imnscii. iiu wns rcauy 10 go constituents, calculated to expose ihe nypoency,
forth with his life in his hand ! the selfishness, the profligacy, and corruption of
A SlfJMKICANT SIGN. And now for an instance in noint.
I ... . l. . A.. .. tact T Gltfll In
Amont? the causes cited by Mr. Uitclne lor the ,,. r, : :, t,i i,,:re.l ronios
C - . .. llio iJi viti.a iu uiu iij ...... 1
signal ileleat of tho Van Uuicn parly in Virginia, ot- n,y first speech on the New Jersey contosted
u the fact that a "biography or uenern nam- election, directed to the Richmond t'ost uincc on
son." was circulated in all directions. We are tho 13th of tho same month, I went fo Richmond
most happy to lcorn that tho democials or Vir- myself, and had many applicai ions iruin personal
.i .. i !.: f ,l.o friend, for a conv of llio soecch I had sent nearly
ciuia, mo liioineni iiiey miow auuiuiimig ui , --, - -- w -- -- - - r - ., nni ,.r
O'-. .... ' ."' i i rnrlniirlit n1trt. I rpnnirpil 111 i lmt Ulhce OI
mem. of the o d Farmer ol north uenji are - - h iwumtnl ,md
.tuig Mr. Von Burcn. The circulation o .,,.)! Washimnnn. or if thev had been
tills biography will conlinuo lo operato until
November, and swill the inaiority in the 01
Dominion lo many th'oiisaniK C'in. llvp.
received iu Richmond, why they had not been div
'ribuied. Nobody could give ma any infur.iulion
mi the ubjf.ri ; bit in looking' abnul l!i f'flV, I
observed a mail-bag under tho counter, filled with
something, and the mouth of the bag untied ; I
asked what it contained ; one of the clerks said he
didn't know; I looked in it, and found my frank
on every paper in view; l then asked how Jong
that bag had been in the office, but no one could
tell j on emptying its contents, it was found to con
tain nothing else but my documents, by which it
would appeur that they had been separated trom
every thing else : whether in Richmond or Wash
ington, 1 know not.
Does any man in his sober senses believe that n
those papers had been franked hv a political friend
of the Admintration, they would have been uncere
moniously laid under the counter ? If he does, he
is lamentably ignorant ot tho present state ot
Jielievins that there could bo no desisrn on the
part of the young gentlemen in tho office (who are
all young men, taking littlo or no part in politics,)
to arrest tho distribution of documents franked by
mo, I complained to the Postmaster (Col. Gooch)
himself, who said he did not know how long they
had been there, but it was possible they might have
been detained by tho state of the roads.
It is not possible for me lo say how long they had
been in that office I only speak of the facts as
they occurred ; but I know that other papers, mailed
subsequently to them, had been received and dis
tributed at that office, and that these papers had
been detained improperly for ten days somewhere ;
and I also know that they should have been dis
tributed as soon as received, and that the bag had
been opened and ln id aside under the counter,
with no purpose of having the documents distribu
ted at that time.
Is it remarkable, then, that I should prefer to
send my documents as freight, rather than trust
them through the Post Office again, if I was anx
ious for their immediate and certain delivery ?
cut more than this 1 have daily applications
from friends in different sections of the State for
documents I sent them many weeks ago, which
shews that there are other offices where the same
scheme is practised.
Whether this is a case calling tor the interposi
tion of our scrupulous Postmaster General, (who
docs not hesitate to charge members of Congress
with practising frauds, tor all i know, on cood
grounds,) or not, I leave to him to determine.
Here i take occasion to say that l exonerate the
clerks from all blame ; I look only to the salaried
officers, whose duty it is to see that all papers and
letters reaching Insothce, arc properly and promptly
But the secret of this complaint against me on
tho part ot ilr. iiitcin.e and his correspondent, i
two-fold first, that I did not furnish the opportu
nity to the otiicer3 of Government to stop my pa
pers ; and secondly, that I adopted the safest means
of circulating information among the People calcu
lated to strip them of the power they so shamefully
Now lot me tell Mr. Ritchie that I should meet
with no difficulty in franking a bed-tick, and send
ing it by mail to any part of the United States,
provided I would fill it with that dirty and menda
cious little sheet called the "Crisis," published by
Now hear ! Is it not remarkablo that Mr. Ritchie
should have the unblushing effrontery to charge me
with a fraud on the Post Ullico Department, (when,
I venture to say, I havo been as scrupulous in the
use ot my privilege as any other member ot Con
gress, no matter who he is,) because I have declined
the privilege of sending my papers through the pub
lic channels, which I am authorized by law to use,
whilst he, entitled to no such privilcgo, is daily
practising the grossest and most unpardonable
trauds, by sending his newspapers and other docu
ments to members of Congress, to be franked by
them throughout the United States ?
What aro the facts ! No member of Congress is
allowed by law to frank any paper, savo public
documents, weighing more thaa two ounces ; and
the Postmaster General has recently addressed a
circular to members of Congress, complaining of it
as a fraud, that they get the Clerk of the House to
frank for them in some instances, when the pack
age contains more than two ounces : And yet there
arc, at IMS moment, nuy pounds weight oi the
Crisis, end proceedings and address ot the Dem
ocratic Convention, lying on the counter of the
Post Uibce ot the ilouso ot .Representatives, in
bundles, weighing (not two ouncos) but two
pounds and a halt each, directed to various mem
bers of Congress of the Administration party, all
received through the mail ot this morning ; and by
yesterday's mail, there were ten bundles of tho
"Crisis" directed to a single member of the House,
(Mr. Hopkins) each weighing two pounds and a
half, and no postage charged. I speak with cer
tainty of their weight, because I had them weighed
myself in the olhce. ihese were all sent by jYlr.
r... i . r I'.. 1 e 1... .1:
Uilcluo, or irum ins uiuct;, uuu ui cuurau uy uis ui-
It appears, then, that seventy-five pounds of
f ii I. r. !
printed mailer irom mr. uucim: s ouicc, containing
the "Crisis" and the proceedings of the Democratic
Convention, in packages or bundles weighing two
nounds and upwards each, have been received
through the mail at tho Post Office of tho House of
Representatives, tn two days, and no postage
I understand irom tne rosimasier, tnai me regu
lar rate of postaco established by law, would re
quire postage at the rate of fifty cents an ounce on
all over two ounces in eacu pacKRgo.
Scventy-fivo pounds would contain twelve hun
dred ounces, thero being thirty packages ; only two
ounces in each, or sixty in all, were entitled to go
free. Sixty deducted from the gross amount of
l'JUO, leaves 114U ounces to be paid tor, at .HI cents
an ounce, which amounts to 510, that the Post
Office Department was entitled to receive from
some quarter, and of which it has been defrauded
and robbed by somebody.
Now, let Mr. Ritchie turn his vigilant eye to
this outrage, and set his wits to work to ferret out
the offender, and hold Aiw up to public view, and to
the scorn and indignation that he merits, through
the columns of the Lnuuirer and the "Urisis ;
and if he cannot find him out, I hope the Postmaster
General will, and that he will make out his account
against Mr. Ritchie, and send it on to Richmond
and if he don't pay it, have a suit immmediutely
instituted upon it, and have me summoned as a
witness, together with the Postmaster of the House,
Mr. Hopkins, Mr. Craig, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Lucas,
Mr. Roane, and fifty other members of Congress,
whose names 1 will furnish it necessary.
Mr. Ritchie cannot excuse himself by saying he
had nothing to do with the postage. U wux not
the modo or the means by which the "Crisis"
should have been circulated among the People. This
was not the purpose tor which the Post Ulhce lie
parlmcnt was established, and he surely did not
expect that the members of Congress to whom they
were sent, were to pay tins iu tor nun.
Let it bo understood that 1 havo given the amount
of postage due tor two days only, becauso that only
Aiis come under my ouneue. tluw loiig it has been
practised, 1 know not nor do I know how long it
is to continue. I understand, hnwevcr, that it has
boon practised ever since the "Crisis" was estab
It was but a few days since that my coleague
Mr. Wiso, received through the mail a small pack
age weighing live ounces, Lnd ho was charged one
dollar and fifty cents postage. Now, if these facts
don't satisfy every man, woman and child in the
country, ol the inoda in which this Uoverninent
administered, then 1 confess I am at a loss to con
iecture what will.
If any eliarge is to te brought ogaiii3t the mem
hers of Congress, it must come from Mr. Ritchie,
not from me: my business is wi'.h him, as his was
witn me. Let linn show that he was authorized bv
them to send them papers in this manner, and he
may slip his own neck out of tho halter but he
can't do that without slipping theirs in.
llio systematic corruption and espionage of the
Post office Department of this country, has reached
a terrible and alarming extent, and Fouche himself
did not, during the rcigu of Napoleon, exercise his
power for tho bencht ot Ins master in a more tear
ful degree, than is now exercised daily, foe thin
Administration. I am authorized by a highly re
spectable member of Congress to say, that envel
opes that have been franked from Washington con
taining Whig documents, when they reached here,
contained other documents of the vilest Loco-Foco
character thus showing clearly that thev had
been broken open in the Tost Office, and robbed of
their contents. Is it wonderful, then, that the
People are not enlightened upon matters connected
with their dearest interests 1 Hut will it not be
wonderful still, if they do not correct these abuses
when they get to their knowledge ?
How is it that this privilege is allowed to Mr.
Ritchie, and that he can practice it with impunity,
and without committing a fraud, whilst a member
of Congress, to whom the privilege of franking is
given, is confined down to his two ounces, and is
charged with practising a fraud, if he obtains the
(rank of the Ulerk on any package weighing more
I take occasion here to say. that the Clerk has
never been applied to, to frank any thing for me
hut by what construction of the law is it, that I, to
whom tho franking privilege is given, can't send
two ounces and a half of a single bundle, and Mr.
Ritchie, to whom no such privilege is given, can
send two pounds and a half of his newspapers,
and as many bundles as he chooses, free of post
age? There they are, now in the office, seen by more
than fifty members, and liable to the inspection of
How they got to Washington, I know not I
only know from information derived from the Post
master of tho House, by inquiry, that they came lo
him in a mail bag, with the balance of the mail
frum the city post office. Here they are, to bo
folded in the document room, and sent off under
tho franks of members of Congress.
presume, however, that they came by mail from
Richmond, for they reach here as often as they are
published ; and if they came as freight, then " it is
net through the channel designated by the law of
the land," and he convicts himself of the stupend
ous fraud he has charged upon me. Yet this is the
gentleman who undertakes to publish my name as
connected with fraud, which I consider no slight
accusation, coming even from one of Mr. Ritchie's
known political turpitude.
I hope some contrast will be found between his
course of conduct and mine he availing himself
of a privilege that he is not entitled to, amounting
to absolute smuggling, and I declining a privilege
that tho law authorizes mo to exercise ; yet I am
to be assailed by him as the atrgrcssor, and he to
I have nothing more to say. I should not have
troubled myself about Mr. Ritchie, if he h id let me
alone; but when he makes a blind, and groundless
and wicked attack upon me, he must take "a Roland
for his Oliver" and these facts are now mentioned
for the benefit of the American people in general,
the Postmaster General in particular, and for the
more especial benefit of tho Committeo of the
House, recently appointed to investigate the frauds
committed in the Post Office Department, and tho
abuses ot the franking privilege.
And now I am about to commit another fraud in
the Department, for instead of sending this Jotter
"through the channel designated by the law nf the
land," free of postage, I shall commit it to tho
hands of some friend, who will bo sure to deliver
it safo and without delay, lor tear it may find its
way under the counter, until after the elections are
over, as it will bo directed to the editors of a Whig
newspaper, and may be supposed to contain im
portant political matter.
I apprehend it would be useless to ask Mr.
F.itchie to givo this letter a place in the Enquirer
and "Crisis" but if ho would, I might be induced
torclievohis political friendsof a portion of their
labors, by franking a few of them myself.
Your obedient servant,
JNO. M. BOTTS.
Messrs. Pleasants, Moslev, and Davis.
to tho world, that Americans want only on oppor
tunity fo display tho same gallantry on the shore
which they have upon the wave."
But again in tho spring of l'li, a proposition
was made in Congress fo create the office of Lieu
tenant General. Disasters had attended our arms
upon the Niagara and St. Lawrence. No cup
doubted the valor of our troops; but a General was
wanted to inspire them with confidence and leed
them to victory. Gen. Harrison had been the mosl
successful of our commanders. He therefore was
nominated for tlio elevated office in tho following
fervent and patriotic langiinge, written by the pres
ent Editor of the Enquirer. Alter referring to va
rious acts of gallantry by our troops, the Enquirer
"On the Thames they were crowned with a bril
liant victory, because they had a HARRISON to
lead them. New glories would have cm-ircled
them at Montreal, if their commanders had con
ducted them to the walls. Give us officers bul
worthy of these men, and no troops in the world
would be able to vanquish them.
"Where arc we to meet with such a leader ! By
what qualifications are we to know hiin ? He must
not bo merely brave, but bold and enterprising and
decisive always seeking an opportunity to strike
at his enemy. He must be as prudent as he is
brave always seeking for information to regulate
the blow ; ho must be abstemious in his habits, not
too much given to the pleasures of the table; but
his mind always devoted to the exercise of arms.
He must havean eagle's eye, forever on the watch,
inspecting the condition of his camp, and inducing
every responsible officer to attend to the discharge
of his duty. Sloth and indulgence must flee from
his presence. His officers respect &nd fear him,
while his men love and respect him. lie is ombi
tious of fame, but he studies best how to deserve
it. He is attached to arms not eo much because
it is his business, as his pleasure-
"If any one should ask where such a man is lo
be met with ! we answer to the best of our abili
ties, in the man who has washed away the disas
ters of Detroit; who had every thing to collect for
a new campaign, and who got every thing together;
who waded through morasses and snows, and sur
mounted the most 'frightful climate' in the Union;
the man who was neither to be daunted bv disaster,
nor difficulties under any shape ; bv the skill of the
civilized or the barbarity of a savage foo, the man
who won the hearts ot the people by his spirit, the
respect of his officers by his zeal, tho love of his
army by a participation of their hardship? the
man who was iwiaiiy triumphant over ins enemy.
Such a man is WILLIAM HENRY HARRI
you close tho door of the banks, and you have afflic
ted them with poverty. You have made tho banks
suspend, and now you tell tho Tuople that they
must work for as low wages as in Europe. You
have told the manufacturer and the merchant that
they have no right to trode on credit, and you hava
forced the work-shops lo be closed and the factory
hands to be dismissed. You promised the farmer
bet'er prices for his flour, his corn, and his pork,
and he cannot sell cither for the cost of producing.
You have abused and deceived the People, and now
you insult them if they complain, You have
hoarded up all the gold by your office holders, and
left the People not even good bank paper to do busi
ness upon. You havo tried to destroy the capital
of the country, and have reduced all wages. You
have been cither too ignorant or too vicious not to
know that wages must fall when money is scarce,
and that wages eun only bo high when money is
plenty. You have reduced by your measures the
wages of the luborer and the mechanic, whilst your,
salaries have been increased by the scarcity of mo
ney. .You can pay yourselves in gold and silver,
whilst the mechanic, the fanner, and thu merchant.
cannot dispose of their commodities for even good
Tho day of letrihutinn is dose at hand, you have
refused to lisleu to the complaints ntid sulferinrr of
the People; and they will du themselves justice at
the ballut-Uox. The People are moving in their
in-ijesty and t hoi r power, and will elect Gen. arri
son by acclamation.
Ue is a rartner as well as a soldier and a states
man, he understands the interest of the lariner?.
and has a sympathy which you have not, for tho
laboring man and tlio mechanic. The People will
call hirn from the plough, as the Romans did fin
cinnatus of old, to quit domestic confusion and dis
order, and to put the Republic once more in a pros
perous condition. I'ost up your boohs, then, I tell
ynu.fairlu, and square your accounts honestly, ,r
burn up your departments as you hare done h:reto
fore, or he will puniah your army f defaulters.
I ho voice of ihs po pie is hear! alridy like the
moving of mighty waters. They have agitated the
waters that healing may spring from them. .You
had as well try and stop the voice of the wind. c
lo stifle the voice of the People. Your selfish o:T.ce
holders who have fattened upon the S'jbstani'! of
the I'eeple will try and eppose their v. ill, b i: it will
be usele is. The people can and will ".-hake them
off as easy as the I on docs tl.c dew drops from his
"People will remember," in li e pa!rio:ic senti
ment of Gen. arrison, ' that to preserve their
liberties, they must do their own voting and their
A CAPITAL SPEECH.
The National Intelligencer contains a part of
an able and spirit-stirring speech delivered in
Congress by the Hon. W. C. Jonxso.v, of
Maryland, from which we make tho following
Will not the whole South unite with the Nort!
THE CRY IS, STILL THEY COME.
Among the distinguished public men invited
to be present at the Baltimore Convention, is
the Hon. John Kugglcs, United States Senator
from Maine. lie Ins lierciofore been fiiend
ly to tlio Administration; but the following corres
pondence will show ihst lie has repudiated an
burenism. v e publish below the utter ol inu
committee, as well os the teply ot Air. Kugglcs.
Baltimore, April 13, 1:40.
To tho Honorable Juhn Buggies', United States
Dear Sir: Tho undersigned, acting en behalf
and under the direction of the Delegates from the
city of Baltimore to the National Convention of
Whig Young Men, have the honor to request that
you will attend the sitting of ihe Convention as ono
ol its guests, that convention, it is now certain,
will be, by far, the nio'.-t numerous national assem
blage of tho Delegates of the peoplo that has ever
taken place in the united Mates, and we earnestly
and West, and go tn inatre lor Gen. Harrison , and
rid the country of tho impotent, vicious, and kna- wish that it may not onlv be worthy of being re-
visli men who now administer tho Government 1 membcrcd for ils multitude, but for its deeds and
Who that did not volo for him before is not now the counsels it will oli'er to the i.uticn. To this
impressed with the belief of the misrule which has on we desire that its deliberations may be aided,
as well as witnessiu, bv the sages nt the Ueputiiic.
and particularly by those who have been the chi re-
prostrated every interest in the country and para
Ivzed everv branch of business !
For one I must say I did not vote for Gen. liar- pious of the faith, Inch its members prjfcss&ara
rison at the last electioH. I could not vote for Mr. seeking to establish in triumph. Allow to us, sir,
Van Buren ; I preferred either Mr. Clay or Mr. the honor and ihe pleasure of welcoming you to our
The following are some of the extracts, which
the Richmond Whig has culled from the files of
the Enquirer, giving Mr. Ritchie's testimony in fa
vor of Gen. Harrison :
From the Richmond Enquirer,
January 9, 1313.
"Gen. Harrison, in spite of the difficulties
which surround him, seems determined to press on
to Detroit. Neither the cold nor the badness of the
roads can deter him from his enterprise. If he
fails, the world will excuse him, on account of tho
ifficultics which encompass his path, it he suc
ceeds, those very dithcultics will enhance the lustre
of his success.
If ho has been reported rightly, Harrison is a
man of no ordinary promise. War has been his
favorite study. At a very early age, ho was with
Wayne in his famous campaign against the In
dians. A gentleman ot very high standing, who
hold an important post under him during the last
fall, compares him to Washington, He is as cir
cumspect as he is enterprising as prudent in col
ieclinir me means oi mi uuutu, us nc ia vigorous
in striking the blow."
Richmond JiNQUir.En, u-tn uct., tstov ucicrr
ing to the tlaiue or me i names:
We have not words to express tho toy which
we feel for the victory of Harrison never have we
seen the public pulse beat so high.
' And well may we rejoice, wo rejoice not so
much for tho splendor of this achievment as for the
solid benefits which it will produce. Yet, in puint
of splendor, we have no reason to believe that
wlieu we receive the official accounts we shall sus
tain any disappointment. The skill with which the
plan was combined for overreaching tho flying
enemy, the wiaZ portion of Harrison's force which
were auio io cunie up anu cuu wuu nun, consist
ing principally of Mounted Rangers under Johnson
and liall, and tho short period uiwhicii tne victory
was achieved will, we are inclined to suspect, mi
part to it the character of the most gallant and
brilliant achievement. But its solid benefits re
quire no official accounts to emblazon them ; almost
every eye sees them, and almost every tongue can
tell them. It gives security to tna iromier. umo
may now sleep in sccuritv. The trembling mother
that nightly used to clasp her infant to her breast
may rock its cradle in peace. Tho chain which
bound the red man to the English while uiun is
broken." &c. &.C,
"These benefits wo owe to tho intrepidity of
Perrv. who paved tho way, and to Harrison, whose
skill, prudence, and zeal, have at length reaped
their just reward. This gallant General has now
put all his enemies to shame. Alter struggling
with difficulties under which an ordinary man
would have sunk, after passing through a wilder
ness of morass and mud, so diihcult ot success,
thut the waggon horses could not carry provender
enough to support them during the journey, li
reached the consummation of all his labors; re
nairs the vices of Hull : wipes off the sum 'vhic.
nn had cast upon our ar n ; stands on the ruins of
Maiden ; muzzles ho Liduu ar dog ) and proves
Webster. It is also true that I preierjcd the nom
inalion, at the Harrisburg Convention, of cither
Mr. Clav or Oen. Scott. It is most true that I re
joice that neither was nominated, end that the
Convention wisely selected Gen. Harrison. I had
hardlv paused in other pursuits and with my pref
erences, to examine carefuily his entire history and
character minutely. 1 have, however, carefully ex
ainined and contemplated both. His life is a beau
tiful and instructive study, replete with incidents
i i - 1 1 r . . 1 1
and marliCd oy wisuum ill ail its cneuereu anu va
ried scenes. It should bo lar.uhar to everv Amen
can parent, and bo the companion of every schoo
Wo find his birth place in Virginia, just before
the revolutionary war. Lorn of a mother who,
like the daughter ot beipm, could point to her son
as tho brightest and most valued jewel ; his father
.undin" side bv side with Washington and Henrv,
nd tho great and glorious men w ho gave lustre
to that State in the proudest days of Iter history.
nd his name recorded on the Declaration ot jiuie
pendence. Inheriting thn noble enthusiasm of Ins
parents and the times of his youth, he goes forth
with a', commission from Washington, to carve his
wn destinv in the ranks of danger, thou
oulhful. rine in mind, collected and brave when
aner threatened, kind and gentle in ull its social
relations, we see him reaping laurels with his sword
on many a naru-iougiu uaiuo neio. ins war
ended, skillful in civil council, prompt to act upon
ho most intricate questions, und his judgment
l.vavs controlling his decisions.
Aniin wo see him in the hour of our country's
perils, throwing asiuo nisi-uii amies anu iisnju-
ors. and vet rising in public esteem, until he is
commander-in-chief of the North-western Army
Not executing, as t mierly, perilous despatches
from his General, but leading on to victory Ins gal
lant and devoted soldiers ; showing, in all his hord
fought battles, a prudent firmness and a daring
courage, which inspireu ins men wiui connuence
whilst it spread terror anu uismay to ins eucmi
and mado him victorious in all his dreadful engage
niouts. The war ended, vou find hun again in civil
stations, as prompt and as useful as in the battle's
front. As Governor his conduct was faultless, and
his abilities appreciated
In Ciiigress, we had him devising a system to di
vide tho public: lands in Bniall lots, so that everv
poor man could purchase a homo and a farm, ln
tiie Senate, wiso in council, able in debate his
opinions and advice esteemed by all. As a minis
ter, next to his onxiety lor tne giorv oi nisown
country, his solicitude was engaged for thn pros
perity of the vouug uepublic ot bouth America
What man living lius uceu ill o uiunv siu;iuus u
varient in their duties ; and what man living could
have discharged them with such consummate ability
and judgment ! Who has a mind so wi 11 balanced
with so many high iraus oi inieaeci so wen uevei-
oucd ! And this eminent man, who has added so
much lustre to the lame oi ms country, is rra.ia-.vii
and slandered by every adventuring politician ol
the Van Burcn party, tio on and denounce him,
"entlemen, with vour vilest epithets, ouniak
his cause the cause ot the people. A man who ha
the civic wreath entwined with the nnrticl on
brow cannot be injured by denunciation. The tin
natural hand is withered that would pluck one
suriir from the chaplet won bv the toil of the sol
dier and the statesman. He is one of the P oole
identified in feeling and interest wiih them, and
thev with him. ihev aro his defenders and his
friends. The People have themselves brought him
... -.1 ...;,l...i. .'ta cKi.tli.ttmi oiwl f!m P...inli.
will support him ; and he stands as deeply imbe.icd "on ? MW lurri i lines
in the anections oi me American i.ipij as me WORKING MEN!
AllCgllcIiy UUU mo lliuva 111 iui.it ami. iiui
your denunciation against him like the fitful and
watchful cloud against the mount
fcrtalizo and keep in perennial fr
green on its summit.
city on this occasion, and believe us to bo, with the
Your most obedient servants,
EDWARD DE LOUGHEP.Y,
WM. M. rETHEK BRIDGE,
THOMAS W. JAY.
ROBERT LAWSO.V, hi.
JAMES W. BARROLL,
JOHN W. KIlT,
i HUGHES ARMISTEAD,
WM. P. STEWART,
A. L. McLEAN.
MR. RUGGLES' REPLY.
Was:iinuton C:ty, IL'd May, liO.
Gcnt'emcn: I have received the invitation "ts
attend the sittings of the National Convention of
the Whig Young Men, as one of its guests," with
which you have honored mc, "in behalf of the Deli
gates from the City of liLiltimore." It would afilrd
me great gratification tn be present on that inter
esting occasion, would my public duties perruit.
ll.e necessit" ol a change ol measures with a
view to the relief of a peopie suifering beyond any
loriner example, is now manifest to all, if not ac
knowledged by ail. J o small portion ot t!:ose who
aided in bringing into power th.; present incumbent
of Ilia executive cht'ir, have witnessed with paiu
t'ul disappointment the pertinacity with which he
has persevered in forcing upon the country a .sys
tem of measures destructive of its best interests,
and ruinous lo the eii'.erpiise and business of tho
people : And they have resolved, as the only meaus
It or staving the progress ol those .neasures, to
aid in calling from retirement a distinguished citi
zen, whose enlightened patriotism, great practical
wisdom, and sound republican principles have se
cured for hiiri the highest respect and confidence.
The name of 7'arrisou has animated tho whola
country with hope.
It has roused an enthusiasm which pervades all
classes of the people, That enthusiusui, chastened
by wiso counsels and hallowed by atriotism, will
be the animating principle of the " National Convention."
Reflecting, as its members will, the principles
and feelings of the great majority of the peoplo
throughout tho Lniou, tneir ueiiucraiions win do
no less national in their character than pntriutic in
their design ; and will tend, it is confidently be
lieved, to harmonize and invigorate tho eiforts of
the nation to place the executive government in the
hands of one who has never yet disappointed lbs
expectations of his country. Vie who, by his bra
very in the Held, redeemed the honor ot the nation,
when betrayed bv treachery and cowardice, will
not fail to correct by his wisdom a:;J prudence tho
errors of the civil administration of the govern
ment under which tho country is seveiely sutler-ing.
Thanking "the Delegates from the city of Baki-
... . . . ? .
more tor their gratifying inv. ration, onu you geii
lleinen, for the acceptable terms in which it is
conveyed, 1 have the honor lo be, with sincere re
gard, Y'our obedient servant,
To Neilson Toe, Esq., and other.
What Dots it Mean? The Boston Poslhas
taken down the name of Martin Van Buren fiom
the head of its columns. U any body else to
receive ihe nomination at tlio Baltimore Conven-
Remember that ono of the arguments in favor of
tain's brow, it will GREAT GOVERNMENT BANK, which the d-fre.-hness
the ever-1 ministration ore asking for, is, that it wi.l Iit
l)iVE THE WAUES OF LABOR. If you
. m . j i iL, it I .1 .k... ni ii,.u Iiim ( ht'j cn U'itll (he ftfiriv
ill pooi'ie nave canca upon mi name iu uu muif umitv vuvy - -
ii i V. .i - :.i i . i 1 ..,t..i. ....tn'iii: tl.U .-wiiciw nit-nsuri?: if v u ui nol.
CUnulil'l'U l"r urn 1 resiliency utcou.-o a i.au- w;m.u i.Tt.- -
I abused their eon:!dcr.cc. not rW.ed voui pU.lges, go with the PEOPLE ihe true democracy of the
I., .4 oa.i h, ,-A tin Inr.d i.-.s. ,Hwrin... htnk ..-)oi:trV -and i.fc.u to LUiMneircntiidt. the 'tirm-
rupuy t;ij dime's Vou romped tlicr.1 blwhc-n Ur, c! iici'h Eciid." iu th