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From the Toledo Ohio) Blade.
A PARODY ON "UP SALT RIVER."
Tune "All on Hobbies."
Come Locos and Vans, and leg-treasurers too,
Fanny Wright men and all we are waiting on you,
Our vessel is ready, we cannot delay,
For Harrison is coming and we must away.
Up so !t river,
Up solt river,
Up salt river, salt river, hi 0!
The journey is rough but never mind thnt.
An experienced steersman is politic Mat,
Full many a dark passage he's threaded before.
And will land us all safe on that wide spreading
Away up salt river, &x.
The first one that sail'd was the Empire ship,
Her rigging she man'd and her cables let slip,
Combreleng was there, with a thousand or so.
Who will ent small potatoes with Marcy & Co.
Up salt river, fite.
The ship Michigan is also ahead,
She took the same track where the Empire led,
She too has her cargo, full many a score,
Of wild catting bankers, to land on the shore.
Up salt river, Sic.
The good ship Connecticut steady and true,
As if wirtged like a bird o'er the wild waters flew,
Well loaded with Vans who had laid in a store
Of large WeathersfieM Onions to plant on that
Away up solt river, &c.
The Old Pennsylvanian, provisioned and innnu'd,
Quite ready fur sailing will soon learn the land,
Of ehangnand experiments now very sick,
'She will carry the Vans where they tried to row
- Up salt river, Sic.
Next old Massachusetts her crew far from raw,
No longer made drunk by her fifteen gallon law,
Now sober'd and steady will start to explore.
With her cargo of Vans, that late colonized shore.
Up salt river, &c.
The New Jersey next will be loudlv cheer'd on.
By Maxwell, Aycrigg, Halsted.jYork &. Strstton,
Whilst Dickerson, Cooper, Ryall and two more,
Will take without contest their seats on that shore.
Away upsaltaiver, Sic.
Missouri new rigged will next hoist her sail,
Harrisonians will give her a glorious gnle,
At the port which she starts for she proudly will call,
Leaving Tumble Bug Benton, a rolling his Ball,
On the shore of salt river, &c.
The noble Ohio is ready likewise,
The pride and the glory of all the buckeyes,
She's freighted with locos, the Shannons and more,
And quasi Medary to land on the shore.
Away up salt river, &c.
And as w sail on we'll be still looking back,
For the ships we expect on the very same track,
For Virginia, Kentucky, and some half dozen or
Are bound for the port on that fas filling shore.
Away up salt river, &c.
When they're all under way, we will knock off a
To old Tippecanoe, our pride and our boast,
He'll bo President next: for changes then look,
As sour crout is transported from old Kinderhook,
Up salt river, &.C.
POINSETT'S 200,000 U. STATES
We publish to-day the notable scheme of the
Secretary of War, as detailed by himself to Con
gress. We propose to annalyze it moro fully
than we have yet done, and show it to be a most
daring, dangerous and unconstitutional project.
No man of discernment can examine it without
feeling it to be the duty of a patriot to sound the
alarm and arouse the people. We repeat this
now, because we see tlie monster beginning to
stir in the Senate.
" It is proposed to divide the United States into
tight military districts, and to organize the militia
in each district, so as to have a body of twelve
thousand five hundred men in active service, ond
another of equal number as a reserve. This would
eive an armed militia force TWO HUNDRED
THOUSAND MEN, so drilled and stationed as to
be ready to take their places in the ranks in de
fence of the country, whether called upon to oppose
the enemy or repel the invader. Annual Report oj
the Secretary of War.
"The present condition of the defence of our
principal seaports and navy yards, as represented
liv the accomrinnviiiir report of the Secretary of
War, calls for the early and serious attention of
Congress; and asconnecting itself intimately with
this subject. I cannot recommend too strongly to
vour attention tho ulun submitted by that officer
for the organization of the militia of the United
States. 'Mr. Van Buren s last Annual message.
The above two paragraphs contain the gist of
the proposition, and its strong recommendation
by the President.
Flora the details of the plan we gather the fol
1st sec. Every free abled bodied white male
citizen of the scverul States between the age of
20 and 45 shall be enrolled in the militia of the
United States, and within three month after, shall
orm himself at his own expense.
2d sec. All office holders in any way connco
ted with the Federal Government shall bo ex
empt. 3d sec. Citizens thus enrollod to constitue tho
first class, to be denominated the Mass, and to be
4th. Each regiment shall furnish two compa
nies of light infantry or riflemen each division
one company of artillery and one of horse, who
shall be clothed and equipped at their own ex
pense. The officers to have a cut and thrust
aword. Olliceis of cavalry and dragoons to fur
nish themselves with horses, saddles, breast
plates, boots and spurs, pistols, sabre, crupper,
5 tli. Proposes colors and martial musk.
bth. A record of the men to be lupt in the Ad
j'lt.nit (icnerul's oftice of cadi Suite, etc,
BY CYRIL V. t'ADY.
7th. An Adjutant General shall be appointed
in each State, with colonels rank, to distribute
Orders, attend reviews, perfect the discipline, ex
plain tho principles ol returns, reports, and o
report to head quarters, &c, and finally to make
returns to the Secretary of War, who shall give
the proper directions as to how they should be
8th. Defines the duty ol Brigade Inspectors.
0th. Appoints a Quartermaster General in
10th. Within months after tho adoption
of the plan, 100,000 men to be drafted for actiee
service, to be denominated the active or moveable
lltli. Said force shall be organized and held
to service for four years; one-fourth going out
12th. 1 hero shall be a third class dcnominntcd
tho reserve or sedentary force to bo composed
of those who have gone through the active proba
tion to continue thus subject 4 years, and then
bo subject to no further military duty, unless in
case of invasion or a levee en masse.
13th. The deficit occasioned by the discharge
to be made up by draught on the mass.
14th. The "territory of the United States"
shall be divided into ten dUtric s.
15th. Order of precedence shall bens follows:
1. Troops of the Unite ! S:ntcs. 2. Militia of
tho U. States in this order, viz : 1. The active
force. 2. The sedentary force. 3. I he moss.
16th. Officers of tho militia to be appointed as
the State Legislature shall dircc.
17th. The President of tho United States may
call out tho 100,000 men twice a year, and
while out and including the time when going to
and returning from the place of rendezvous, they
shall be deemed in the service of the United
States, and be subject to such regulations as the
President may think proper to adopt for their in.
struction, discipline, and improvement in mi itary
18th. In case of invasion or insurrection the
President may call forth such numbers as he may
19th. When the U. o. laws shall be opposed,
or their execution obstructed, the Prcsdeut mty
call forth sufficient of tins militia to cause the
laws to be executed.
20th. The militia of the U. S., when in ser
vice shall be subject to the same rules and arti
cles of war as the troops of the U. S.
21st. Every citizen enrolled in the militia shall
be cons'nntly provided with arms, &c.
22d. The U. S. militia, when called into ser
vice, shall be paid, like the infantry of the U. S.
23d. Officers o( mounted companies to receive
forage for horses.
24th. Those who lose a horso in service or
battle to be paid for tho same, not more than
25th. Militia to receive pay while travelling
or being transported in the service of the U. S.
zuih. I lie widows ol those dying in service to
receivo half pay for 5 years.
27th. Courts martial to be composed of mili
tary officers only.
28th. If a citizen lad to march when ordered
by the President, he shall be fined not less than
half a months' pay, nor more than threo months'
pay, (not less than $5 nor more than $30,)
which fine, contrary to tho intention of tho Con.
stitu ion, is to be inflicted by a court martial, and
all aro liable to be imprisoned on failure to pay
the fines imposed.
29th. The court martial is to certiiy the tines
to the U. S. marshal, and ho to collect them by
the summary process of distress; and if the citi
zen have no properly, he must suffer imprison,
ment "until thejine is paid !"
30th. The Marshals to make a return of the
lew of fines to the Adjutant General, and receive
a commission of 5 per cent.; and if they fail to
make return, the Adjutant General is to inform
the Solicitor of the lreasury of the U. S., icho
should instruct the U. S. Attorneys to proceed
against said Marshals by attachment.
31st. Marshals to havo the same force as
32d. Money collected for fines to be applied
to the payment of militia expenses.
33d and 34, 35. The President shall appoint
anJAdjutant General of tho U. S. Militia, to be
attached to the War Department, to receive
$3,000 per annum, and have two Clerks, with
salaries at the discretion of the Secretaiy of War.
36th. The President to select depots ol arms,
Such are the principal subjects of the provis
ions contained in Mr. Po:ns.ctt's plan, and re
commended by the President.
I s unconstitutionality consists in proposing to
place tho Militia in cettain contingencies under
the orders and directions of tho Federal Execu
tive, thereby stripping the States of their author
ity to train the militia, in putting the goods
and chattels, and the personal libei ties of free
citizens under the contiol of U. S. Marshals,
mil in usurping tho power of imposing penalties
on citizens of the States, and of enforcing them
by courts martial.
Its tyiumiy consists in the confiscation and im
prisonment of those conscript citizens, who
should either refuse or be unuble, by reason of
poverty or otherwise, to comply with tin rcnuisi
tions of the Executive.
Its dangers lies in giving such a power to the
President as would enable him to call forth a
standing army, in fact, of 100,000 men, in the
iay or the government, seperaud Iroiu ine great
iodv of the people, urid reiiuired, possibly to
vote or fight, us the Executive should desire, or
be dragged from State to Slate, to sun pomn-ai
We can see no limit to the proportions of this
monster, and have no guarantee in the character
of our present rulers, or in those whom they
might appoint to succeed them, that tho proposed
system would not overthrow the liberties of the
country, and establish a military despotism ujion
The following notes will show by what author
ity we art supported in the estimato we have
lormcd ol this notable scheme.
The onlv mi hoiitv conferred on the General
Government by the Constitution in relation to
the militia is contained in the following senten
...... u.. r.. .,n:n.. i...,l. il.a mililtH in exe-
A w jjri'vitiu lur t ailing iwnti nin
cute the law of the Union, suppress insurrections,
tiT.i n. r... n.B .lln,r nrminnr. and dis
J v friutiun ivi urjjuiiitiugi - e' "
ciplining the militia, end for governing such parts
of lliem as may be employed in the sorvice of the
1 r. . i. 11. L'l..l.....nii;iJ
L tilled ciimes, reserving m oojics n-aHio'j
the appointment of the ufliccM, md the authnrity
CEASES TO BE DANGEROUS, WHEN REASON IS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT IT."
uf training tho militia according to the discipline
prescribed by Congress." (Con. bee, o.)
When that provision was before the Conven
tion which formed tho Constitution, Mr. Sherman
moved to strike out the last member, " and au
thority of t'aining," &c.
Mr. King, by way of explanation, said that
by organizing, tho commit eo meant, propor.
tioning the officers end men, by arming, specify
ing the kind, size, and calibre of arms, ond by
disciplining, prescribing the manual exercise,
Mr. Sherman withdrew his motion.
Mr. Gerry said he had as lief let tho citizens
of Massachusetts be disarmed, as to take the
command from the States, nn 1 subject them to
tho General Government. It would be rejected
a3 a syttem of despotism.
Mi. Madison observed, that "arming" as
explained, did not extend to furnishing arms;
nor tho term "disciplining" to penalties ond
courts martial for enforcing them.
Dickinson, Gerry, Sherman, and other Repub
licans expressed great jealousy of the power of
the General Government, and warmly urged the
impoitance of leaving the militia almost wholly
to tho Sla'es. Mr. Dickinson declared that the
States never would, nor ought to, give up all
authority over the militia. Mr. Sherman s-iid
that if the militia officers were to bo under the
control of the General Government, men of dis
cernment would sound the alarm to arouse the
From the Tennessee "Spirit of "70."
SELLING WHITE MEN FOR DEBT.
Among the many charges put in circulation
against General Harrison by the unscrupulous por
tion of the Van Duren organs and leaders, is that
of having voted in the Legislature of Ohio to sell
poor white men for debt. Well, if this charge be
true, we for one, are perfectly willing fur him to re
ceivo the reprobation which such a vote would just
ly merit. But before we proceed to judgment, let
us examine the evidence. The accusation is based
upon the following:
Extract from Hie Journal of the Senate, of Ohio,
Tuesday, January 30, lB'Jl.
The Senate met, pursuant to adjournment.
The Senate then, according to the order of the
day, resolved itself into a committee of the whole,
upon the bill from the House, entitled an act for
the punishment of certain offences, therein named,
and after some time Epent therein, the Speaker,
Allen Trimble, resumed tho chair.
Mr. Filhian then moved to strike out tho 16th
section of said bill, as follows:
Be it further enacted. That when any person
shall be imprisoned, either upon execution or other
wise, for the non-payment of a fine or costs or both,
it shall be lawful for the sheriff of the county to
SELL OUT SUCH I'ERSONS AS A SERVANT,
to any person within this State, who will pay the
whole amount due, for tho shortest period of ser
vice, of which sale public notice shall be given at
least ten days, and upon such sale being effected,
the sheriff shall give the purchaser a certificate
thereof, and deliver over the prisoner to him, from
which time the relation of such purchoerand pris
oner shall be that of WASTER AND SERVANT,
until the time of service expires, and for injuries
dune by either, remedy shall be had in tho same
manner, as is, or may be provided by law in the
case of master and apprentice. But nothing herein
contained shall be construed to prevent persons
from bein" discharged from imprisonment according
to the provision of "the ,V7th section of the act to
which this is supplementary, if it shall be consider
ed expedient to grant such a discharge. Trovided,
that the court in pronouncing upon any person,
convicted under this act, or tho act to which this is
supplementary, may direct such persons to be de
tained in prison until the fine be paid, or the person
or persons otherwise disposed of agreeably to the
provisions of this act.
And the yeas and nays being required, those who
voted in the affirmative were Messrs. Beasley,
Brown, Fithian, Gass, Heaton, Jennings, Lucas,
Mathews, M'Laughlin, M'Milton, Nuwcom, Robb,
Russell, Stofield, Shelby, Spencer, Stone, Swearing
ton, Thompson and Womedorf 20.
And those who voted in the negative were, Messrs.
Baldwin, Cole, Foot, Foster, WM. H. HARRI
SON, M'Lean, Oswell, Pollock, Ruggles, Roberts,
Wheeler and the Speaker 12.
Now mark how triumphantly this calumny is put
down by Gen. Harrison himself, in a plain and frank
statement of his course. Tn reply to the charge
first made against him and his eleven compeers of
the Senate of Ohio, in 1321, he addressed the fol
lowing letter to the editor of the Cincinnati Adver
tiser: Sir: In vour paper of tho loth instant, I observed
a most violent attack upon eleven other members of
the late Senate and myself, lor a supused vote given
at the last session, for a passage of a law to "seli
b htors in certain cases." It such had been our con
duct, I acknowledge that we should not only de
serve the censure which the writer has bestowed up
on us, but the execration of every honest man iu
society. An act of that kin J is not only opposed
to the principles of justice and Immunity, but would
ho & pulpaulu violation ot tne onsuuition oi tue
State, which every lecislutor is sworn to support;
and sanctioned by a House of Representatives and
twelve Senators, it would indicate a state o; deprav
ity, which would fill every patriotic bosom with the
most alarming anticipations. But the fact is, that
no such proposition was ever made in tho Legisla
ture, or even thought of. The act to which the
writerullndes, has no more relation to the collection
of "debts" limn it bus to tho discovery of longi
tude. It was an act for the "punishment of offen
ces" against the State, and that part of it which has
so deeply wounded the feelings of your correspond
ent, was piissed by the House of Representatives
and voted for by the lwelvo Senators, under the im
pression thut it was the most mild and humane mode
of dealing with the otlenderstor whoso cases it was
intended. It was adopted Dy tne House ol uepre
seututives as a part of the general system of the
criminal law, which was then unrteriroing a com
pleto revision and amendment; the necessity of this
is evinced by the following facts: For several years
past it has become apparent that the 1'emtentmry
system was becoming more and more burdensom at
every session; a large appropriation was called for
to meet tne excess ot expenuituro auove tne receipts
of the establishment. In tho commencement of the
sesiou of 1620, the deficit amounted to near 2U.0UU
This erowintr evil required the immediate inter
position of somo vigorous legislative measure. Two
were recommended as beinu likely to produce the
effect; first, placing the institution under belter
management; and secondly, lessening the number
of convicts who were sentenced tor short periods,
and whoso labor was found of course to be most
productive. In pursuance of the latter principle
thefts to the amount of fifty dollars, or upwards
wero subject to punishment in the Penitentiary, in
stead of tan dollar. which wan the former minimum
sum: this was easily dono. But the great difficulty
remained to dclcnune what should ut the puiiHi
SATURDAY, .HM2 6, 1810.
mcntof those numerous larcenies below the sum of
$,.)0. By some, whipping was proposed; by other"
Dunishment by hard ltdor in the county jails; and
by others, it was thought best to make them work
on the highways. To all these there appeared insu
perable objections: fine nnd imprisonment were
adopted by the House of Representatives as the
only alternative; and as it is well known these vex
atious pilfering were generally perpetrated by the
more worthless vagabonds in society, it added was
that when they could not pay tho fines and costs
which are always part of the sentence and punish
ment, their services should be sold out to any per
son who would pay their fines and costs for them.
This was the clause that was passed, as I believe, by
a unanimous vote of the House, and stricken out in
the Senate, in opposition to the twelve who have
been denounced. A little further trouble in exam
ining the journals would have shown your corres
pondent that this was considered as a substitute for
whipping, which was lust only by a single vole in
the Senate, and in the House by a small majority,
after being once pascd.
I think, Mr. Editor, I have said enough to show
that this obuoxio.n law would not have applied to
"unfortunate debtors of sixty-four years," but to
infamous efftnders who depredate uuon the uroper
ly of their lullow citizens, and who by the Consti
tution of tho State, as well as the principle of exist
ing laws, wero subject to involuntary servitude. I
must confess I had no very sanguine expectations
of a Lm.eficial effect from this measure, as it would
apply to convicts who had obtained the ago of ma
turity; but I had supposed that a woman, or a youth,
who, convicted of an offence, remained in jail for
the payment of tho fine and costs imposed, might
with great advantage be transferred to the residence
of some decent, virtuous private family, whose pre
cept and example would gently lead them back to
the paths of rectitude.
I would appeal to the candor of your correspon
dent to say, whether, if there was an individual
confined under the circumstances I have mentioned,
for whose fate he was interested, he would not glad
ly see him transferred from the filthy enclosure of
a jail, and the still more filthy inhabitants, to the
comfortable mansion of some virtuous citizen,
whose admonitions would check his vicious propen
sities, and whose authority over him would be no
more than is exercised over thousands of apprenti
ces ia our country, and whose bound servants which
ore tolerated in our, as well as m every other State
in the Union? Far from adeitcaling t!u abominable
principles attributed to me by your correspondent, 1
think that imprisonment far debt, under any circum
stances, but that where fraud is altedued, is at war
uitli tlie best principles if our constitution, and ought
to be aholished!
I am, sir, your humble servant,
WM. H. HARRISON.
North Bend, Dec. 21, 1821.
In 1336, the charge was revived, and while Gen.
Harrison was in Virginia, the following correspond
ence took place:
Richmond, Sept. 15, 13:16.
Dear Sir: Your political opponents in tiie State
of Maryland have, for some lime, been actively urg
ing against you a new charge, that of selling
white men, which probably had no inconsiderable
effect in the recent elections in that State, and which
is evidently much relied upon to intluence the ap
proaching elections throughout the United Stales.
I enclose you a paper (the Baltimore Republican,)
containing the charge in full, audi beg of you, as
an act ot justice to yourself and your taiends, to
enable me to refute a charge against the uniform
tenor of your life, which, lam well aware, has been
replete with instances of distinguished private lib
erality and public sacrifice.
With (tie (ugliest respect,
I have the honor to be,
Your fellow citizen,
JOHN H. rLEASANTS.
Gen. Wm. II. Harrison.
Richmond, Sept. 15, 13;i6.
Dear Sir,--I acknowledge the receipt of your
favor of tiiis date. I have before heard of the accu
sation to which it refers. On my way hither, I
met yesterday with a young gentleman of Mary
land, who informed me that a vote of mine in the
Seaate of Ohio had been published, in favor of a
law to sell persons imprisoned under a judgment
for debt for a term of years, if unable otherwise to
discharge the execution. I did not, for a moment,
hesitate to declare tbat I had never given any such
vote : and that, if a vote of that description had
been published and ascribed to me, it was an iufu
muus forgery. Such an act would have been repug
nant to my feelings, and in direct conflict with my
opinions, puolic and private, through the whole
course of my life. No such proposition was ever
submitted to the Legislature of Ohio none such
would, for a moment, have been entertained nor
would any son of hers have dared to propose it.
So far from being willing to sell men for debts,
which they are willing to discharge, I am, and ever
have been, opposed to all imprisonment for debt.
Fortunately, I have it in my power to show that
such has been my established opinion, and that, in
a public capacity, I avowed and acted upon it. Will
those who have preferred the unfounded and mali
cious accusation refer to the journals of the Senate
of the United Slates, 2d session, lSJih Congress,
pnge 325 ! It will thero be seen that I was one of
the Committee which reported a bill to abolish im
prisonment for debt. When the bill wns before the
Senate, I advocated its adoption, and on its pasage,
voted in its fuvor. See Senate Journul, 1st session.
20th Congress, pages 101 and 102.
It is not a littlo remarkable, tint if tho effort I
am accused of having much?, to subject ninn to sale
for the non-payment of their debts, had been suc
cessful, I might, from tho state of my pecuniary
circumstances at the time, have been the first ii,--tim.
I repeat, the charge is a vile calumny. At no
period of my life would I have consented to subject
the poor and unfortunate to such a degradation;
nor have I omitted to exert myself in their behalf
ag;iinst such an attempt to opprns them.
It is suught to support tho charge by means of
garbled extracts from the journals of the Senate of
Ohio. The section of the bill which is employed
for that purpose had no manner of reference to the
relation of creditor and debtor, and could not Im
possibility subject the debtor to the control of his
creditor. None know better than the authors of tho
calumny that the alleged section is utterly ut vari
ance with the charge which ii is attempted to found
iipnn it; and that so far from a proposition to invest
a creditor with powor over the liberty of his debtor,
it had respect only to the mode of disposing of pub
lic offenders, who! had been found guilty by a jury
of their fellow citizens of some crima against the
laws of their State. That was exclusively the im
port and design of the section of the bill, upon the
motion to strikeout which, 1 voted in the negative.
So you perceive that in place of voting to enlarge
the power of creditors, the veto which I gave con
oerned alone the treatment of malefactors convicted
of crimes against the public.
It would extend this letter to an inconvenient
length to ;,'0 fully into the reasons which led me at
tho time to an opinion in luvor of tho promised
treatment of ' :ht class of offenders who would
have fallen within its operations, nor is such an ex
pose called for. The measure was by no means a
novelty in other parts of the country. In thp Slate
of Delaware, thero is an uct now in for.-e in imilar
words with the section of the bill before the Ohio
Senate, which has been made of lute the pretext of
such insidious invective. Laws with somewhat
kimilar prou-ion may probably.be found In many
Vol. 1 .o. 12.
other of tho States. In practice tho measure would
havo ameliorated the condition of those who were
under condemnation. As tho law stood, they were
liable under the sentence to confinement in the
common jail, where offenders of vnrious degrees of
profligacy of different Bges, sex and color, were
crowded together. Under such circumstances, it is
obvious that the bad must become worse, whilst re
formation could hardly bo expected in rcpect to
any. The youthful offender, it might be hoped,
would be reclaimed under the operation of the pro
posed system, but thero was great reason to fear
his still greater corruption amid the contagion of a
common receptacle of vice. Besides, tho proposed
amendment of tho law pre-supposed that the delin
quent wus iu confinement for the nnn-paymentof a
fine and costs of prosecution (the payment of
winch was a part of the sentence ;) it seemed,
therefore, humane, in respect to the offender, to re
lievo him from confinement which deprived him
from the moans of discharging the penalty, and to
place him in a situation in which he might work
out his deliverance, even at a loss for a time of his
But I forbear to go further into the reasons
which led me, sKtcen years ngn, as a member of
the Ohio Senate, to entertain a favorable opinion of
an alteration which was proposed in the criminul
police of thu State. It is certain that neither in
respect to myself, or thoe who concurred with me,
was the opinion at the time considered us tho re
sult of unfiiendly bias towards the poor or unfor
tunate. Nay, the last objection which I could have
anticipated, even from the m;rcr and rec'-:l' de.-.:re
to assail me, was r. charge of unfriendliness to the
humble and poor of the community.
I am, my dear sir, with greut respect,
Your humble servant,
WM. H. HARRISON.
J. H. Pleasants, Esq.
We might safely rest the case here, inasmuch as
the provision for (vhich General Harrison voted had
reference alone to infamous offenders those per.
sons whoso criminal conduct would have subjected
them to imprisonment in tho Penitentiary. The
question was whether offenders of that description
should be sent to the penitentiary, or whipped at
the public whipping-post, or bo suflored to lie and
rot in the county jail, or bo sold or hired out to some
honest farmer or mechanic and bo made to work
out lie fine and costs which they had incurred by
their crimes against society. The experiment of
sending them to tho penitentiary had been tried,
and was running the statu in debt without any cor
responding benefit to the ofi'cnder. Besides, is it
any worse to set a white man up on the public
squore and sell him fur one or more years on a farm
or in a work-shop, than it is to shave his head,
clothe him in a felon's dress, and put him to hard
work within the walls of a penitentiary 7 We put
it to the common sense of all men without respect
'.o party which is the worst 1 Would not ninety
nine out of a hundred prefer the mode of punish
ment voted for by General Harrison!
Again. If the reader will lookback a page or
two to the names of those who voted with Gene
ral Harrison on this occasion, he vill seo first on
the list that of Eli Baldwin. And who is Eli
Baldwin! Why, he is the sama individual who
was the Van Buren candidate for Governor of Ohio
in 1S:W! Now, is it not too bad, that the Van Bo
ron leaders and organs in Tennessee, in 1310, should
call upon their followers and readers to go against
Generul Harrison because he once voted along with
Eii Baldwin, whom the organs and leaders of the
sa.no party pressed upon the people ofOhio in 1330i
as a most suitable candidate for Governor! If
General Harrison is unworthy of the support of
the people of Tennessee in consequence of that
vote, was not Eli Baldwin equally unworthy of the
support of the people of Ohio!
Another of those who voted with General Har
ri son on the occasion referred to, is Nathaniel Mc
Lean, who was afterwards elected Keeper of the
Penitentiury, and was subsequently the Jackson
candidate for Congress from his dis'rict! Allen
Trimble, who gave the same vote, was afterwards
elected Governor ! I In 13:)ij, when General Har
rison was run for President, and Eli Baldwin for
Governor of Ohio, every man in the state who vo
ted at all, must have voted for one or the other o,"
these gentlemen the Whigs for General Harrison
and the Van Buren men for Eli Baldwin. And yet,
after tho whole state of Ohio, including both parties,
have by their votes demonstrated to tho world that
they did not regard this vote of General Harrison
and Eli Balwin as rendering either of them in the
slightest decree less worthy of public confidence
after Ohio has done this, we say, the organs and
leaders of the prrty in Tennessee deem u.- fellow
citizens ignorant enough to b3 made belife that
there was something exceedingly wrong in it.
But further. It so happens that a similar law
was once in force in this State and North Carolina
Bv referring to Scott's edition of the Laws of Ten
nessee, vol. 1 , page yj:l, the reader will ti::J the
An Act for hiring OMt persons convicted o.i inJi.it
rnent or presentment, nut being able or willing
to pay the fees of ollire and goaler's ll-cs
Whereas, many person
take the ben tilt ot l..e insolvent uct. eniier ne
plecting or refu-ing to pay fees of office, and
sheriff's and gaoler's fees, to the great injury of
the citizens of this state ; for remedy whereof,
l. u v enn-l.;, i.y IM .- nrM rmoy oj
-"""' ;;"""' " ""T e"""i J S
i,o.it,n'iiinf the same. That all and every oerson
who shall be found guilty of any charge exhibited
against him or them by indictment or presentment
and shall be unable or unwilling to pay the oltice
and gaoler's fee, that are or may be consequent
thereon, shall b hired out by tiie sheriff of the
nullity whero such person is or may be convicted,
tor such time as any person win lake nun or lliem
to serve for the said fees and charges, tha said she
riff first advertising lite limo and place of hiring at
least ten days previous thereto.
YTai-o w i,rri:,sK' tlm s.ii.ui 1 iw. in irinciu
!e ! It
was actually in force in Tennessee until lsll,
when it was repeahd by implication by the insol
vent law of that year. Yet whooser hoard its au
thors denounced in Tonne e.i and tin? parent stale)
But we have not ycc done with our exposure-of
the insincerity and hypocrisy of the Van Buren or
gans and leaders in Tennessee, who are urging the
objection in question to General Harrison. One of
their most "sh ning lights" is the Hon. Fki.ix
Grinpv a gentleman of whom they are so I'onJ,
that they actually elected him ticicc to the Senate
of the I'nited States last winter. Ho was a mem-
... ,p.p i 1.1, -..j
ueroi uieiegisuume o. i r..m- ... n... .nui
fl. l nrT,t r.f lti T..nrn:.l ill' flip ffmin nl :
Rcprt'sLMitiTiues for that year, we find the following
A Bill lo restrain idle end disorderly persons from
running at large, was taken up on its third and list
reading in both houses.
Mr. Grundy nd Mr. Crockett proposed amend
ments to said bill, which were adopted.
Mr. Young moved to strike out that part of said
bill which provides that any person pursuing gam
bling for livelihood, pretending to feats of balanc
ing on slack wire, rope-dancing, ventriloquism, or
any ether exhibition of the like kind, who should
be unable or unwilling after the term often days
imprisonment, under the provisions of this bill, to
pay the fine and costs by this act prescribed, shall
bo sold by the sheriff, to the lowest bidder, for the
fine and C05t.s.
On this motion, the yeasand navs were remiircil.
Thero wero yeas tfl, rioys (i.
Those who votrd in the nrlirmiitive ore Messrs.
Speaker, Allen, Bab-h, Jiarnes, Hndy, Carriger.
Clcavland, Cowan of B, Cowan of L", ' heniham.
Clank, Crisp, Crockett, fult, Jone, hVllv, Lvtle,
McClellun, Maury, Nelson, Pierce, Polk," Shirpe,
Stephens, Walton, Watkins, White, Whitson, Wil
liams, Watterson, and Young 111.
Tho-e who voted in the negative, ore, Messrs.
Douglass, Fain, GRUNDY, ogan, Rencau, and
Sea ii land 0.
If Gen. mison's vote be exceptionable, how
much more so is that of Mr. Grundy, who voted to
sell white men, not for crimes, nor for debt, but for
the innocent exercise of the curious art or talent of
Yenlrilotuisni an accomplishment which in all
civilized countries commands the most unqualified
interest and approbation from the public.
What Kay you, then, fellow-citizens of all parties?
Does not this cbargo against General drrison of
selling pour white men for deb;, like ail the other
charges his enemies ore bringing out at this loto
day against him ? A well rcmarkc-1 by him, if
he had voted for such a law, ond it had passed, he,
.1-eing poor and in debt himself, might have been
among me nrst to soul under it : rs.'iarne on the
political partizans of the day, who will thus pcrsii?
in dofuming an old .v.idlcr '.
When a party is driven to scurrility or falsehood,
it is proof of a bud cautc. When men claiming
the confidence of others resort to tricks to deceive
them, it is a proof that they themselves believe,
that the truth will not serve their purposp. Patriot
ism conists in a lovo of one's country. It prompts
men to submit to loss for tlie public pood. No
man acts without a motive, and hence, if the old,
pure minded, honest Democrats will think but for n
moment, none of thein Will believe that there is
any party in this country who would sacrifice a
single interest in it, for tlie purpoe of advancing
a foroir-M power. Who is tnere that holieves the
V. nig party of this country is a British party !
Who believes that the Whisrs would injure their
own government to benefit the British g .vern
ment ! No one. Yet this is the chnrgo made bv
the corrupt partizans of this administration. No
one supposes that even they have any other object
than to obtain the (rnolutrtPtits of office, to lire
upon the people; nnd ytt, with how much more
truth might they be called the enemies of their own
country. Do they not mako war upon every tliin
that is dear to us ! " "
We would ask the decent, the honest Democrats,
who have permitted themselves to be carried on bv
the Current., how they reconcile it to themselves to
follow after such men. It has baen our lot to be
placed where we were compelled to know them.
We know thut they arg dishonest, and unfaithful.
We know that they are cold hearted, false hearted,
selfish intriguers ; who would take any side ii at
would enable them to live on the spoils of offxe.
Is it not time that an honest man, who is above
suspicion, should come in to overluuk their ac
counts and report upon what they have done !
('en. JJuff Cireen's "I'iUl."
OPINIONS OF MR. VAN BUREN AND
COL. JOHNSON, ON THE SUBJECT OF
President Van Bcken, in his letter of March,
G, 1S30, to a committee of gentiui-ra of Noitii
Carolina, says :
"1 would not, from the light nrw before me.
feci myself safe in pronouncing that Congress
does not possess the power of abolishing slavery
in the District ol Columbia.
Vice President Johnson, in u spopcli befure
the United States Semite, February 1, 1S20,
"In the District of Columbia. co;i:u'riin; n
population of 30,000 souls, ;md probably ds i'.:ai;y
slaves as the w hole Territory oi" Missouri, tin'
power of providing fnr their emwipriiion ix .:;
Tiie same gentleman deuhui-u that tlie j.jv. .:
of Congress over slavery in tlie District, could
not be questioned," and exc!
eternril apathy towards tlie sl.ives oi' i!
In the same speech, Col. Johnson rcton:..iM.
ded the formation of more "abolition societies'"
"PUT THAT AND THAT TOGETHER. '
William II. IIakrison has resided much in
Cincinnati, has held oflice there, and is better
known there than in any oilier place; and Clit
cinnati gives a iinjority oi" nearly scrcn'ecn hu.t
dred in his furor.
Martin Van L'uren has resided much in Alaa
ny, and has held office theie, and is better known
there than any where else, and Albany has given
a majority of nearly five hundred against lii.n.
Iairi.-wi gets most votes where he is best known;
Van Buren most where he is least known.
The vert Ipe.v we would f.xi'eesj. Thj
Troy Times of the 13ih instant, commences u
Ion.' and able article with theses appropriate to-
luiUlks- ' Yf hn'.'e been '. OIVpcl led. IfOlU the lie.
cess.ty ol the tunes, to devote move ol mir pa;:.:r
to the passing politi s of the day than in . liniitiun
leads. Other pursuit? would be more in accor
dance with our taste, but next to ot:r God we v U
ntaiest to l.turt. And a!
though we speak with a feeble voice, vet to will,.
.5 .' .: .
hold it at this momentous crisis would be censu
rable" JEITERSONIAN DEMOCRAT.
Gen. James Welboi-rs, says tlie Wabash
Courier, is one of the Harrison Electoral candi
dates in North Carolina. The venerable man is
nn nhl Jeffersoni an Democrat, and his name is
identified with the political history ol lliat ancient
: Commonwealth, tie conteinieci against r euera:-
j ism in '9$, and in all its
u!s.' i;eiil struggles, ana
now he fights agu list it under its new organization
by Van BurenT Of the Mi.vlving Electors for
Thomas JcfTtison. in New Ymk (three in mini
berbcr) all aie in I'ivim of Harrison. This
shows wba's xt ho.
Tho Now Ymk Expiesssays "We learn fiom
Washington that it is known there that Governor
Cass is in favor of the election of his old fellow
soldier, General Ilarriso.i.. The followers of Yar.
Buren are clamorous for his recal, but the lilt V
man dares not lake the responsibility."
on(, 0.IIlorTOW U ,,e old Soldiers .,.
O- - . , u.u 111.1. -...I .f.i.u
' VellUitn III coring. ic.u. incum, U'm, i
; ir the "three days" at Fnn-heport. 0 "JT AH i
' cnld will be the're.S.'n-'. '.'i'.'.f -' .