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WHEN THIS OLD HAT WAS NEW.
When this old hat was new, the people used to say,
The best among the Democrats was arrison and
The Locos now assume the name, a title more un
true, The most unlike their party name when this old
hat was new.
When this old hat was new, Van Buren was a Fed,
An enemy to every man who labored for his bread,
And if the people of New York have kept their
lie voted 'gainst the poor man's rights, when this
old hat was new.
When this old hat was now, Buchanan was the man
Best fitted in the Keystone State to lead the Fed'ral
Ho swore 'if Democratic blood should make his
veins look blue,
He'd cure them by Phlebotomy,' when this old hat
When this old hat was new, ('twas eighteen hun
Charles Ingersol did then declare, by all his hopes
'Had he been able to reflect, he'd been a tory true,
And ne'er have thought it a reproach,' when this
old hat was new.
When this old hat was new, of Richard Rush 'twas
To figure well among the feds, he wore a black
Deny this, Locos, if you please, for every word is
I knew full well old Dicky Rush, when this old hat
When this old hat was new, the Senator from
Destroyed by fire an efligy, t' immortalize his name,
The efligy was Madison's, if common fame be true,
So Ruel Williams was a fed, when this old hat was
When then this old hat was new, 'twas in the Gran
That Henry Hubbard asked each town to send a
To meet in council, at the time when Federalism
Made Hartford look like indigo, when this old hat
When this old hat was new, Sam Cnshman did de
clare 'That should a soldier cross the lines, he hoped he'd
And leave his bones in Canada for enemies to view,'
So much for his Democracy, when this old hat was
When this old hat was new, Old Governor Provost,
The States invaded, at the head of numerous British
Then maik, ye Locos, what did Martin Chittenden
Forbid Green Mountain Boys to fight! when this old
hat was new.
When this old hat was new, Woodbury and Van
E. Allen Brown, and Stephen Haight were with the
A. II. Everett, and Martin Field, and Sam C. Allen
Now Patent Democrats, were Feds, when this old
hat was new.
When this old hat was new, those worthies did op
pose The cause, and friends of liberty, and stood among
Not so with 'Granny' Harrison, for at Tippecanop
Ho bravely fought the savage foe, when this old
hat was new.
When this old hat was new, the friends of Liberty
Knew well the merits of old Tip, whila fighting at
Come now, huzza for Harrison, just as we used to
When first we heard of Proctor's full when this old
hat was new.
Elections have taken place in thrco States lately,
find the following is the result compared with the
last Presidential election.
Harrison. Van Buren, Harrison. Van Buren.
Connecticut, 0 8 8 0
Rhode Island, 0 4 4 0
Virginia, 0 23 2U 0
Here is a change in three States sinco WM of
seventy votes and which, allowing the other States
to remain as they were in 1830, will eloct Gen.
Harrison by 23 uiujority ! But there will be many
other changes in all human probability, which wiil
Kwell his uiujority to an amount much larger than
thut by which Gen. Jackson was elected. In all
soberness, in our humble opinion, Mr. Van Buren
cannot count, with any decree of certainty, upon
the votes of more than fivo States, and those of the
Let these considerations inspire our friends to
further and moro vigorous efforts to reform the
Government. Old Soulier.
From (he Geneva Courier.
Democrat. Why did you not nominate a Vice
Loco foco. Beceuse we are slrong enough to
elect one without.
Dem.-Why ihon did you nominate a Presi
Loco. Because -
Dem. But really, why did you vol nominate
a Vice President!
Loco. why really, we prefer leaving an un
biassed choice to the People.
Dem. Why then did you nominate a Presi-'
Loco. Why really because .
Exit Im o.
BBY Rlfi C. AI1.
Tho following. correspondence wos called out
in consequence of remarks relative to tho elm.
racier and conduct of General Harrison, ninde by
members of the House of Representatives of ihc
Slate of Ohio, in their places on tho floor of that
Houso. A letter was addressed to each of the
gentlemen, whoso replies are given below, by n
member of the House who heard the remarks,
staling their substance, and requesting from each
a statement of the fads which fell within his per
sonal knowledge, respectively. The high cha
meter of the gentlemen whose statements have
thus been obtained, (one of whom has been n
uniform and prominent supporter of tho last and
present administrations of the General Govern
ment,) is such as to put the facts to which Ihcy
bear testimony, entirely beyond doubt.
Wasiiisotos, Ky., 21th Feb. 1S40.
Dear Sib : Your let or of ihe 17th inst.
reached me to-day by the Southern mail, inaikcd
"niissent, forwarded." This will account for
your not having an answer at an earlier day.
You have been correctly informed that " I was
in tho battle of tho Thames, and near tho per
son of General II irrison, from the commence
ment to. the Termination of the engagement, and
that I personally know what part General liar
rison took in it." I had the honor to act as a
volunteer aid.de camp to General Harrison du
ring tho active operations of that campaign; and
was at no time more than fivo minutes out of
sight of him, on the day of the battle, until after
the surrender of the British army, and the re.
treat of the Indians. You say, " it has been
avowed on the floor of the House of Representa
tive (of Ohio) now in session, by members in
their places, that General Harrison was at no time
in tho battle, nor within two miles of tho battle
ground; that the entire plan of opciations was
projected by Col. R. M. Johnson ; that he led
the 1 1 oops on to conquest, and that Gen. Harri
son had neither part nor lot in the matter." From
the reckless character of the attacks made upon
Gen. Harrison, through tho pr stituted and pen
sioned press devo ed to the support of the pre
sent administration, it is not surprising that that
portion of its supporters, who read nothing else
but the papers devoted to th'j re-election of Mr.
Van Buren and abuse of Gen. Harrison, should
make such statements; but that a member of a
legislative body, who from his station ought to be
a man of information, and a gentleman, should
be so ignorant of the history ol" ono of the most
important battles of the last war, or so utterly re
gardless of truth os to make such a statement, is
truly aUonishing. Every member of your legis.
lature has, I presume, read General II irrisoii's
official account of the battlo of the Thames; and
wanton and unprincipled as have been tho misre
presentations of Gen. Harrison's military cha
racter and conduct, I have now, (after a lapse of
twenty-sit years,) for the first time heard the
intimation that his account was in any particular
untrue. In that paper General Harrison states
correctly tho position he occupied at the com
mencemcnt of the action; and he might have
slated, with equal truth, that ho in person gave
the word of command to tho mounted regiment
to " charge:" and that he advanced with it until
it roceived tho enemies fire and then passed rapidly
to the left, where the Indians still obstinately
maintained the fight. Such, sir, I aver to be the
fac's, and feel perfectly confident that Gen. Cass,
who was in the battle, and Gen. Harrison's other
aids-de-camp, will unhesitatingly sustain me; and
it happens that they are oil yet alive. One of
them, Col. John O'Fallon, resides at St. Louis,
Missouri; and the others, Cols. Charles S. Todd
and John Speed Smith, at Shelby ville and Rich
mond, in this state. As to the statement, that
the entire plan of operations was projected by
Col. Johnson," it is, like the charge that General
Harrison wos at no time in the battle, nor wi hin
two miles of tho battle ground, false, utterly
false. The idea of charging the enemy with the
mounted men, was exclusively Gen. Harrison s.
I was present when he hist announced it, and
know that Col. Johnson was then at the head of
his command, and was not consulted on the sub
ject, until after Gen arrison had expressed his
determination to make the charge: and il u is
intended to state, that the operations ol the cam
paign, or the order of battlo, was projected by
Col. Johnson, it is equally untrue; and I am
confident that ho has not and never will give the
slightest sanction to such statements, as you say
have been made by members of your Hou e ol
You have my permission, sir, to mako such
use of this letter as you may think proper.
Your ob't. sciva it,
Washington, 28th Feb., 1810.
Dear Sib : Since writing to you, in answer
to your letter of tho 17th inst, it has occurred to
mo that a principal object of the falsehoods rela
live to General Harrison, which have found pro
pagation on tho floor of the Ohio Ilouao of
Kcpresentativcs, must bo to make Hie impression
thai he is a coward; and though you do not slate
in your lcttor tho cause assigned by his slanderers
for his alleged absence from the command of his
army nt tho battlo of the Thames, I presume no
motive for it less charitable than sheer cowardice
would have been imputed by ono capable of such
misrepresenta'ion of his conduct. But whatever
mny be the alledged inducement for tho conduct
attributed to him. the relation in which I then
stood to him, and my knowledgo of whut his
actual conduct was. imnoses on mo the duty I
have performed, of pronouncing the charge uss,
and I trust you will pardon mo for suggesting iho
propriety, (f an appropriate occasion presents
it3olf, or can be made in open session,) of do
maiiding of the members of your House, who
have made the chaige, the authority upon which
they made it; whether from their own Knowledgo
or observation, or upon tho information of others;
and if upon the information of others, theii names
und residence Tho original inventors of the
falsehood ought to havo the advantage of all the
celebrity it is calculated to give them.
On the subject of General Harrison's porsonal
bravery, is it not very remarkable if he is o cow
aid, that nono of the gallant officers or soldia s
who served with htm under General Wayne, or
thoso who fought under his command at Tippe
canoe, at Foil Meigs and the Thaiuc3, discovered
his-uwardice; mid that the discovery should have
CEASES TO HE DASUEROVS, WHEN
I ili. :HI9UIISI,
remained to be mado by soino scurvy politician
of the present day; for I venture to predict, that
no officer or soldier of respectability, who served
with hin, or under h s command, can bo found
to tako tho responsibility" of charging him with
cowardice. In connection with this subject,
permit mo lo relate a fact, which occurred in my
prcsen'c, and which is calculated to give some
idea of tho character of General Harrison's pre
tensions to dimness and disregard of personal
danger. On the day preceding tho battlo of the
Thames, when his army approached tho last right
hand fork of tho river called, I think, McGre
eor's fork General Ilnrrison, accompanied by
Commodoio Perry and his aids-de-camp, rode for
waid lo examine the bridge which crossed the
mouth of the strea n, and which the enemy had
partially destroyed; and while viewing it several
hundred Indians, under ihc command of Tecum
sch, as we learned aftcrwaids, who were conceal,
ed at some cabins called Challmm, end in the
busl ies on the opposite side of tho stream, com
menced a brisk fire upon the little party, in th
midst of whiih Gen. Harrison was. At that
moment a dismounted company of Col. Jonnson's
regiment, commanded by Capt, Benjamin War-
fit'll, who now rt sides in the neighborhood of
Jjcxington in tins stale, came up; the fire of the
Indians was so severe, as to induco tho gallant
Perry lo expostulate earnestly with General liar
rison against the exposure of his person lo such
a fire, when no good could result from it; but
tho General coolly replied, that ho could not set
the example of retiring from the fire of the enemy.
The artillery came up in a few minutes, and
opened a fire upon the cabins, about which the
Indians were concealed, and Capt. Warfield,
crossing with his company, upon iho timbers of
the bridge to chago them, they ran off.
R spectfully, your ob't. servant,
Moses Corwih, Esq., Columbus, Ohio.
St. Louis, Feb. 2G, 1840.
Hon. Mosr.s B. Cor.wiN',
Sir : Vour favor of tho 17th inst. is just received,
and I lose no time in giving it acknowledgement.
You request me to communicate the information
I possess in relation to the military conduct of
General Harrison at. the battle of the Thames, the
arrangements for the battle, the position of tiie
troops, as well of the General, as during the en
gagement, together with any other knowledgo I
have taaching hi" military character.
In reply, 1 submit the following statement: At
the buttle of the Thames, Col. Charles S. Tuod,
afterwards Inspector General of the Northwestern
Army, and myself were the regular Aids-de-camp
of General Harrison. Majors John Chambers and
John Speed Smith were the volunteer aids. The
battle, as is well known, took place on the right
bank of tho river Thames, near tho Moravian vil
lage. A short distance from this place, and whilst
our troop were in rapid pursuit of the enemy,
Gen. Harrison received information from an ud
vanced party that the British and Indian forces
had halted, and seemed to bo awaiting us for bat
tlo. When within half a mile of the enemy, after
the American forces were formed in the ordor of
battle, Gen. Trotter's brigade in front, Col. Paul's
regulars, with the artillery, near his right. Col.
Johnson's mounted regiment on the left of Trotter
as a reverie, and tho residue of the Kentucky vol
unteers covering the left flank and rear. Col.
Wood, of the Engineer Corp1?, who, by order of
Gen. Harmon, had approached, by them, suffi
ciently near the front lino of the enemy to ascer
tain their position and the order in which they were
drawn up, reported that the British troops, in or
dor to occupy the high ground between the river
and tho swamp parallel to it, were drawn up in
extended or open order between these points ; the
Indhns on tho right, occupying the swamp and
ground beyond it. General Harrison, without one
moment's delay or the slightest embarrassment,
formed his purpose. I was with a few feet of him
when Ihe report of Col. Wood was made, and he
instantly remarked that ho would make u novel
movement by ordering Col. Johnson's mounted
regiment to charge the line of the Ilritish regulars;
which thus drawn up, contrary to the habits and
usage of that description of troops, always accus
tomed lo tin limrh, could be easily penetrated and
thrown into confusion by the spirited charge of
Col. Johnson's Regiment. With a view to this
intended charge, Col. Johnson's command was or
dered to the front, supported in his rear as a resevre
by Gen. Truster's Brigade. I know that all the ar
rangements, and aery movement ofllio troops dur
ing the buttle, were made by ordor of General Har
rison, whose position at the commencement of the
act. on was justiu rear of Col. Johnsou'scommand,
and mainly afterwards near the crotchet formed by
the junction of Johnson's left, with tho Kentucky
volunteers, drawn up on tho edge and in front of
the swamp, a position considered by alias the most
exposed and dangerous within the lines of our ar
my, and where the battle was warmly contested by
the Indians, until they discovered tho surrender
of the whole British regular force ; the happy re
sult of the novel and skilful movement, most gal
lantly performed by Col. Johnson and his brave
associates, but conceived, planned, and directed by
Gen. Harrison, whose superior military judgment
and ready skill neither needed nor received any aid.
After the return of the army to Detroit, that
brave veteran, that just, good, and pure citizen,
the latoGov. Sholby, on hearing read Gen. Harri
son's report of the battle, remarked in my pres
ence and with much emphasis, that the report did
him (Gov. Shelby) more than justice, and that to
ilea. Harrison alone was due the credit of tho order
of battle, the whole of the arrangements and plans
which he (Gov. S.) had contributed to carry out to
the best of his abilities.
At tho commencement of tho battlo of Tippeca
noe, when the first guu was fired at our advanced
picket, I was at the tent of General Harrison, who
was then up at tho fire. I had an opportunity to
observe bis manner ; ho was cool and collected, and
every movement of his countenance, and every
word ho uttered at that trying moment perhaps
the most ouibarrassing in the life of a soldier
denoted the highest order of personal courage. He
mounted his horse instantly, and accompanied by
his stuff, hastened in the direction of the line first
uttaeked. A part of this lino unable to withstand
the fierce and desperate onset of tUj Indians, the
General met retiring within our lines it) some dis
order and confusion, closely pressed by the Indians,
somo uf whom wore in the midst of them. Gen.
Harrisuu Ud in person a company of the 4th In
fantry to the breach ; and such was the effect ol
his bold and fearless, behaviour, and so great was
tho commence ot his army In Ins ability to con
duct them to victory, that his presence and voice
at ones rallied the retreating detacliuiont, and they
took position at a point equally exposed, where
hall'uf their number, if not more, were either killed
or wounded. Tho battle commenced at about 3
o'clock in tho morning, during a slight rain, and
the attack becamo general within live minutes af
terwards, and continued until the dawn ot day ;
when by an almost general charge, the Indians
broke and lied before our bayonots. Tho Dragoons
afterwards proceeded to their village ana burnt it
During the battle, uenoral Harrison was seen
wherever danger was most immanent, whnrcver
the fight was the thickest. His Aid, Col. Owen,
was killed ut hi J bide, and almost at the same mo
Hardin, Jr. is
REASON IS LEFT I'll EE TO CCU Williams,
9A 1 1 ECULI . .11 Ml lit. I .fames
mont a ball passed through the Gen- Mcnlon,
grazing his head. Tlwre was not a spot WcMfull,
lines secure jrnm t.ie shol oj (( enemy. J erkins
on every other occasion within my o'-siah 11
lion. Harrison s conduct was that ot a m, John
skilful commandor ; ahvavs calm and ci Hairy,
manner, and wholly indifferent lo his Smith,
safety, possessing the peculiar faculty of ' Mc
discerning whatever was wanting, and of pro.'iry
applying tho remedy. A single instant of vaca
tion or uncertainty of purpose ; the slightest s,
mor of norvo or hesitation in mind, in Ihe crit.
and appalling periods of iho bottle, would Is,
been disastrous to his army. After tho aclb
there seemed to be a universal admission by i
officers and soldiers of the ormy, that there wa
not another olliccr in the battle, capable of having. 10111 J1:n. Harrison and his ttaff advanced, and
prevented a defeat and general massacre. All 0S, 'ePrie personally g;ivo tho word 'charge,' rnp
seemed to regard General Harrison as theirdu- . i the Briti-di line, mid having thus turned the
Uvorer from the Indian scalping knife. Irinfiau left, d'xid'd the fate nf the day.
According to my best recollections, Fort Meigs"2 f You nrn nt liberty to mukc such use of this let-
was canonaden, day and night, with but little niter-
mission for 11 days, bhortly after its commence
ment. Major Chambers, of tho British army, wa
admitted into the stockade, tho bearer from Gen
eral Proctor of an invitation lo surrender the gar
rison with the honors of war, on tho ground that
so small a force, about 1,000 men could not sus
tain themclves against, Jour times their number, tue
estimated British and Indian force. General Ilnr
rison at once rejected indignantly this proposition,
replying to the insult in terms worthy of his high
character. Both day and night, during the sie ,
General Harrison was Most active, observing eveiy
movement of the cnomy, and evincing his usu il
coolness, dauntless courage, and his happy readi
ness to receive and apply every incident to his ad
vantage. He succeeded in accomplishing every
plan and movement where his orders were obeyed.
I recollect not one instanco to the contrary. The
detachment under Col. Dudley, effected, in part,
the object intended, in driving the British troops
from their position ; but they disobeyed orders in
not spiking the enemy's cannon, destroying their
ammunition, and thereupon immediately recrossing
the river to tho main ormy. Two sorties on the
south side of the river, and on the same day,
planned and executed under orders from General
Harrison, were eminently successful, resulting iu
tho objects designed, forcing the British to raise
the siege of Fort Meigs. That, conducted by tho
brave and accomplished officer, tieiiCol. John Jlil
Icr, now a Representative in Congress from .Mis
souri, intended to destroy a sunken battery, that
had annoyed us very seriously, by cnlilading our
rear line of pickets, as well as to prevent the al
most entire Indian force, then investing the fort on
that side of the river, from co-operating with the
British against Dudley's attack, made at the same
time, on tho opposite side, considering the very
great disparity between our force and that of the
enemy, being as four to one, was, I must bo allowed
to say, one of tho most brilliant affairs of the last
Gen. Winchester's movement, to the river Fiai
sin, where he was defeated, was in disobedience of
Gen. Harrison's order, which required him to pro
ceed to the Rapids of the Maumee of the Lakes,
and to remain there for further orders.
I have extended my remarks beyond what I de
signed, when I commenced, but you will perceive
my object was to give a full and satisfactory an
swer to your interrogatories. I aver, that on ev
ery occasion, when Gen. Harrison commanded, he
ever disregarded personal danger and sacrifice, in
the performance of duty, exhibiting all the fine
qualities of a dauntless soldier, combined with
those of a talented, skilful, and most able General,
Why, at this remote period, when death has swept
away so many memorials of Gen. Harrison's in
trepidity and excellence, should ttie poisoned spirit
of political envy, attempt thus to tarnish tho hard
earned laurels ot the veteran soldier, who, m pub
lic, as in private Hfo, has lived "without fear, and
without reproach 1"
This, sir, is what I have to say of Gen. Harrison.
I doubt w hether there is another man living w ho
has possessed equal opportunities with myself, of
forming a correct opinion of Gen. Harrison's mili
tary character. I served under him the greater
part of the period he was in active service, near
ins person ; commencing with the Tippecanoe ex
pedition, and continuing to its termination : re
joining his army in the fall of Is 12, at Franklin-
ton, Ohio, where, immediately on my arrival, 1
became a member of his military family, as Secre
tary ; in the winter of lsl'-i and 1S13, v as ap
pointed his Acting Deputy Adjutant General ; and
in May, l"il3, immediately after the siege of Fort
Meigs his Aid-de-camp, which station I hold to the
close of his military service. And in conclusion,
I can safely say, that 1 never in my lite, saw a
braver man in battle, one more collected, prompt
and full of resources, than General William Henry
I have the honor to bo, with groat ro-pjet your
most obedient servant. J. O'FALLON.
Cincinnati, S'Jth Feb. 110.
Dear Sib: Your letter of tho 17th inst. was
forwarded, under cover, to Major Chambers, at
Washington, Kentucky, and sent by him to my
residence after I left home, which must be my
apology for the delay of ihis answer.
I can state that you have been correctly informed
that "I was in the battle of the Thames, and near
the person of Gen. Harrison, from tho commence
ment to the termination of the engagement, and
that I personally know what pan Uon. Harrisou
tool; iu it." I w-as a captnin iu the army of the
United States, and had the honor to act as a regu
lar Aid-de-Camp to Gen. Harrison, during the ac
tive operations of the campaign, after the capture
of the British fleet; and was at his side in tho bat
tle of the Thames, with the exception of thu time
when, after tho capture of the British troops, he
directed mo to proceed to Gov. Shelby, and order
him to bring up Smtrull's regiment and reinforce
that portion of Johnson's regiment and the loll of
Trotter's brigade, which was pressed by the Indian
You say it has been openly avowed on the floor
of tho House of Representatives of Ohio, now in
session, by members in their places, that Gen. Har
rison was at no time in the battlo, nor within two
miles of the battle ground ; that the entire plan ol
operations was projected by Col. K. M. Johnson ;
that he led the troops to compiest, and that Gen.
Harrison had no part or lot in the matter.' From
my personal knowledge of the plan ami events of
that battle, I have no hesitation in stating, that
these declarations in rotation to Gou. Harrison's
position and conduct in that battle, arc destitute
of any foundation in truth. Gen. Harrisun has
correctly stated, in his report to tho War Depart
ment, the position ho occupied just before the com
mencement of (lie action; and be might have added,
that ho in person gave tho word of command to thu
mounted regiment to 'charge ho having, with
his aids-de-eamo, passed from the right of the
front line of iiifuutry, to 'he right of the front of
the mounted column, and not only ordered the
charge to be mado by pronouncing the word, but
called upon his aids to repeat and pass the word
along the line. I was close by his side, and he
was so near the cncinv, that their lire cut down the
leaves and twiirs of tho trees in si above our heads
As soon as the British troops had surrendered,
ana niter 1 had been scut to Gov. Shell) with the
order already adverted to, Geu. Harrison passed
lo the point where the Indians were annoying the
left, and personally directed the operations in that
quarter, to tho close or tho action, t mot Uov. Nicb
by, bringing up Sinirall's Regiment, ho having mi
.iciimted the General's v;htio its to t!.ut tnnntuvu!
Oi"U'c are autli ji ized to nniioiiiiuo Kn
waiu) M.Samuki., Ksu. ol' Liin-rtv. nsti can
didato to represent ti;c t.cot.io of Missouri
in tho '27lh Congress.
ft.y-Wn ore authorized to announce Willi tn
Ta.yi.oii, Eq., as a candidate for the office of clerk
of the county court of Howard conn:;,-.
(KrWo are authorized to announce Ai.nnti V.
Mouhiso.v, Esq., as a candidate Cor tho utiiec of
clerk of the comity court of Howard county.
UO We are authorized to nmiuuncn Nathamli,
i ui.ii, q., as a candidate lor Ihc office of cierl; ot
the county court of Howard county.
fttrH'e are authorized to announce Geoiioe
Cii.irM,ix, as a candidal nor .lust!,... ,,i- ii. !-..
fi.r I." -P , ., 'vail-,
luwi'if, mo warn County. Irn.y
tfi'iii flo n ..... i . a
viviMM-l .fl7s rmient plan,
The sub commnniN'd by Col.
. QyyS K runuinijperson the CM battalion,
vpJZZ&Zj P:'fn't w portion of it in con-
f.t . - . ,n linn Tim 11 Imltfilir.n ivn
Inmna T,i1inu,n fti.'m! litr 7.tninr
'"? - ' V'Sfos battalion, to the right of the front of
Jcr as you may think proper
Very respectfully, your obedh
; r. si'iitatiies,
Moses B. Coi, w;
lh -.r uf i:
i , I liiio.
ilji ; ..-!', .;arcii tu.i, I .
Sir: Your letter of tno 7ili ult. was received
yesterday, in which you stalu, thnt "i; been
openly avowed that Gen. lluiri-i n wi s : no time
in Ihe battle of the Thames, ni,r v. ill, in i .vu miics
of tho battlo groii.id lint tiie entim piati of op
erations was r ij'xtul by Col. II. J-d-nson
that he led the Iroops on lo ot'iui iest, uid tie t Geu.
Harrison had no part nor I it in the matter." iIv
humiliation is deep, that a mvessitv should exist,
produced by parly rancor, to prove facts alleiled
by history for more than quarter of a century, and
which have never before been fi'iestiontd. That
ignorance and creduli.'v abound to an extent to ren
der such baseless assertions available, bespeaks a
lamentable state ol public intelligence, and por
tends no good to tho republic.
1 hat Col. Johnson led tho van and brought on
the battle, is true- that he behaved with the utmost
gallantry, is also true : but your leticr cou'aius the
hrst suggestion which has ever reached me, that
the entire plan of operations was projected by
him." Tho magnanimity uf Col. Johnson, wiil
repudiate, with proud indignation, such an effort
to cluster additional laurels upon his brow, thu
unjustly torn from the brow of his General. Col.
Johnson received orders, as to tho form and man
ner of charge, from Gen. Harris; n iu person, in
the face and almost in sight of the cut my. The
General was with 'he regiment when the charge
was sounded. As Johnson moved lo the charge,
tho General started lor tho lieo of Infantry, which
was drawn up in order ef battle. He had uotgoue
far, before turning lo me, (and to the best of my
recollection, 1 was tho only one ol his aids then
with him,) ho said, "Pursue Col. Johiun with
your utmost speed see tue cileets ot Ms charge,
and tho position of tho e einy's artillery, and re
turn us quickly as possible. Having executed
this order as promptly as practicable, 1 met him on
my return, pressing forward with the front of the
infantry. L'pun reporting, that Col. Jolmson hud
broke the enemy's line tiiat they were surren
dering, and that their cannon was in our posses
sion ; he exclaimed iu an animated tone, "Come
on my bravo fellows, l'rolor and his whole army
will soon be our--- Soon alter llus, an oiliecr, f 1
believe the lato Judge John McDowell, of Ohio.)
rode up and reported, that tbo left wing, nt or
near the crotchet, was suffering severely, and in
great disorder. This communication wus mado in
the hcarincr of tho soldiers. Tho General contra
dicted the Tatter part of tho statement in the nnst
emphatic manner ; but giving order to iho next in
command to push forward, b dahed with the mcs-
enger to the inuicatuu point ot toniuct ai.d tound
the contest pretty close and severe. A portion of
Johnson s Regiment, owing to t,;e impracticability
of tho ground for horse, had dismounted, and was
lighting on toot una imugleu witu the infantry
which had been, to some extent, the eauao of ihe
confusion. Order was soon restored, and tiie left
wing closed to the front, (which formed the
crotchet,) under the p rsonal supervision of Gen
eral Harrison. In the mean time, some of our sol
diers weie shot within less than ten feet of the
General; for the conflict hero was sharp -:: J ani
mated, and continued so for somoti ne. With the
exception ol Iho charge mado by Lol. Johnson's
icgiment, laeiieral Harrison was in the m-sst ex
posed and dangerous parts of tho battle.
It is duo the occasion to relate the following in
cident : The day before the battle the army was im
peded in its march lv the destruction of o bn.l e
across a branch of tho Thames, un which it was
moving, at or near the mouth of the branch. Cul.
Johnson had been ordered to cross this stream at
some mills two or three miles above the mouth.
The road lead him by the fridge. A portion ol iiis
regiment had a brush with a party of Indians.
posted in cabins on the opposite side of the
Thames and the branch, and also under the thick
cover along the banks, to dispute iho pa-sigo nf the
stream and h:trrass all attempt to repair the bridge.
as soon as tiie firing was heard, the General hur
ried to the scene of action, accompanied by a por
tion of his family, of w hich Commodore Ferry was
eno. hcu 1 arrived I tound Oeneral Harrison,
Commodore Ferry, and other officers, (I think
Gen. Cass was one,) iu an open piece of ground
near llio bridge. Lol. Johnson had passed, and a
mall portion of his regiment, previously di -
mounted, under tho command of Capt. Beuj uniii
v anient, and somo iu:.intry wiach had hurried up.
were carrying on the shirniish. jlaj. Wood had
been ordered up with a small piece of ur'.illerv.
Commodore Ferry urged General Harrison to
withdraw, as ho wus too i.'.joii exposed for I he
commander in-e.ikf. If I mistake not, Gen. Cass
united with the Commodore, and riVered to re
main nud see his orders executed. The General
with Ferry am! tho rest of his suit, started o f, hut
General Harrison went but a few ..step, cud re
turned, and retained his position near ihe camuui,
until the Julians wvre dislodged and driven, the
bridge repaired, and tho army p. it in motion tJ
cross. During this whole lime he was as mu .-h or
mors exposed than tho soldiers, being on horse
buck all thu while. The Commodore ai'ienvards
remonstrate 1 widi l.im against this unneccssur.
expusure, observing, "that in open sea he could
stand firo tolerably well, but there was no fun in
being shot at by a concealed enemy."
The General justified his conduct by saying "the
Genera! who commands Republican u!uuleors, iu
whose ranks tho best bluod of tho country is to be
tound, must never think of his own safety, at least
until his troops become familiar with his disregard
sf personal danger." Hardihood Uself has never
denied Ferry's courage. Chambers and Todd of
Kentucky, and O'Fallon of Missouri, tho other
Aidd of General Harrison at the baltle of iho
Thau.'os, are still living, and can givo you addi
tional facts, if required.
Although it is not in direct response to any purl
of your letter, I must be permitted to say, thut inv
intercaiiso w ith General arrison left tho convic
tion on my mind, lhat he was a gentleman, a sol
dier, end a patriot, ond I deprecate most sincerely,
tho injustice attempted to be dono him by a portion
of that party with which I havo alwuy voted.
I am sir, respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. STEED SMIT.
M. H. Col-win, E-n.
Wo certify, iluit we have r.irefolly compared ihe
letUrs as uboie priule.l, with llu: originals, jtud
thut i hoy tire ti ,ic copies thereof. Tlu original
Ml h. undersigned, administrator of the ett"
, . JlurV If", will -ippl st thfl next Tcrmo;'
'he Coumy Court, of Saline Count v, H) make u
I'M.al settlement of his t,uid ndir.inistrMi,,,,.
iu ,.u JOHN JOj.ES, Adm'r.
S iaisil SelUvnVcst
fIJIKunderi2i,r,1, guurdioii r,f Ho-.
J ihelr of John Ml;, , it
iifurea-v (ji yiaal.MA.
,ite Treasurer of the United Slates, to the I'eople
of his ii'ilivc county. '
Fellow Citizens In the remarks I had the
honor of submitting to you on your Inst couit
day, at the request of many of my old friends
and acquaintances, I had not then un opporlu.
nity of seeing ihe Bill which is at this time
before Congress, in relation to the re-organization
of tho Militia of tho United Stales. My remarks
were founded on the Report of tho Secretary of
War, made lo the President of the U. Stales nt
thu commencement of tho present session of
Congress, and in order that I might r.ut niisic
present the Secrelary, or do injustice to the Fie.
sideiit, in commenting upon the plan of an army
he so strongly recommended, I quoted the lie port
itself, ond read it precisely as il ic.it made lo
Congress, und called upon every man present to
read it to tako it homo with him lo study h
and to form his own opinion i.jmi it, us it up.
pe.-ired published before tho world. 1 hnd re id
itovrr repeatedly, end had reflected on it ii"Jar
ally, ond could make nothing of it but the ie
commendation of a great ,Sii(!ii..g Aru:y, in
period of profound pcnec-rUO Jk'tuui xc-I nut
of iho inilitiii, and of cours.fji; fft -jiisul by
forcing the young inui of r ' ' 'rtulllU'f i !H tbl"""
r.nA3 as regular soldiers! Hero is Iho lu'i ol
tho Army, lord fur imrd, it was reeounucieK il
to Congress by the President the j.'.-in wl.n h
the President says he cennot l'.-j highly reeoiii.
" It is proposed 'o divide tl.o United .States
into eight Military Districts, so as to have n
body of men in each Distiii l, l.
CTIVE SERVICE, und another of
number os a ic-ervc.
" This would give an nm.erl miliiia foir.e u
200,000 men, so drilled and stationed, ;is to lie
readyto lake their places in the ranks in defence
of their country, whenever called upon to opposc
the enemy or icpel the invader. The a-c of
tiie recruit to be fioiii 20 to 37; the whole "n i ;n
of service to bo 8 years 1 years in the fj,H
class and 1 in tho reserve- One fourth pan,
25,000 men, lo leave service every year, passin ;
at the conclusion of the first. iural imo the r
serve, and exempted from ordinary militia du'v
altogether a', the end of the second. In tl;l
tmnncr 25.000 men will be div.-hargl from or
diuary milil'a duty every year, and L'.j.'lQO (u..;,
recruits be received into the e, vice."
According to this plan, 12,500 men were u
be kept in active service" in each district, and
yet wo are told it wos not to be a Standing
What is a standing Army, but one that is
kept in active seivice ? But how was lliis anuy
to be raised ? Not by a voluntary enlistment.
The militia were to be so organized as lo hnve
a body of 100,000 in a tire serrice ; of coins.;
they were to be diaftcd and forced into the ranks.
But we have the law now before us, as pro.
posed by ihc Piesidtnt to Congress. Il is heio
in tho form of a Bill, and is now beibre mi; in
the official organ of liio (iovernuu ut, published
at Washington. Here ii is, follow ciiuoii, icad
it for yourselves, and form your ow n opinions
about it. 1 am va.si!y deceived, if you no not See
in it a Standing Army, and one, too, that threat,
ens to fasten upon you forever a miiitaiv de?p t
is.n. It is proposed, first
"That every man on he militia roll above the
age of 21 and under -45, shall provide himself,
at his own expense, with a s-iod musket, bore of
a capacity lo receive a
led bail of
H in the
pound, asumucnt bayonet and l.elt
fhnts; a knapsack; cartridge box, to contain at
least 21 cartridges suited to ihc boie of I is mus
ket, and each cartridge to contain a ba!I ami
three buckshot, and a sufficient quantity of p j-.v-der;
or with a good rifle, knapsack, saut-nou h,
and powder-horn or flask, with sufficient powder
and ball for 21 charge;, and two spare Hints;
and that he shall appear so armed, accoutred, and
provided; when called out for exercise or into
service. And every citizen so enrolled and pro
viding himself with arms, nmmun'uio ; end
accoutrements required as aforesaid, shall hold
tiie same exempted from all debts, distresses, or
execu ions or sales fur debt, or fur payment of
One million ard a half of men in the United
States arc then, in the first place, required by this
law to provide f r tlieinselvcs arms, ammunition,
and aceoutremiii's, at his oicn expense! The
honest young farmers and mechanics of our
country, many of whom, we nil know, are poor,
and who are struggling, Ly their laudable and
honest exertions, to manium their little families,
are required to do all this nt llieir own expense,
to raise up an imperial army lor the President,
whilst tho mililiu-tnun, w!;o is worth thousand;,
and tens of thousands, is required to do no n:o;e!
The poor and the rich are taxed eq rally in pro
viding llieir arms, ammunition, and uecouiie
meats! This is a measure that comes rccom.
mended to us by our democratic President !
Will you believo your own eyes, fellow citi.
zens ? Here is the bill bewic me in the Gov.
eminent organ published nt Washington, and
the editor Inghly extols the bill, showing that the
Administration are ucteiiniuvd to have it pas., d
into a law, if they a;e sustained by li;- people at
the appro idling el ct.ai.s.
Inc. editor savs ; " .i.icr ti,.s develop. nrr.t, .
wo hope to hear no more of this unwarranted out
cry aga;n:n a plan so eminently calculaiid lo
render i liieieut llic permanent driences of the
T his fe-.ture in tiie bill requiring all the mill,
tia in llic U. Suites to contribute espial portions
in providing arms, a.muuuiiion end uccouue.
meiils, I consider nioct outrageously unjust ; but
this you will Cud the !tasi objectionable pa.tof
it, when you come to examine its other provisions.
Fio.ii tho mass of ihc militia thus armed, aro
to bo drafted 100,000 men, to he called tho ac
tive corps, and are to be inarched twice a year to
somo point of rendezvous wiihin a miliwiy dis
tricl, and are thcio to bo put under ihe entire
and absolute control mid government of iho Pre
sidc.it of the Uniicd States, for us many days
as 1' .ingress may chouse lo pies rlbc! This pow
er is to bo confened upon the President in a state
of prefound piace, when there is neither inva
sion, insurrection, or resistance to the laws of
the Union ! Our militniy district is to be com
posed of Ihe States of Delaware, Maryland, iho
1) strict of Columbia and. Virginia; ond under
this law, the uclivo corps of militia can be
matched lo any point within their diliict, Invite
a ycui'; fml lute be Bub;e..lcd to .mv niln ot
.1 T!i II