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POLITICAL OPINIONS OF MARTIN VAN
ISUREN IN REGARD TO THE RIGHT OF
From ttio Report of the proceedings and debates
of tho Convention of 1821, a-scmbled for the
' purpose o( amending the Constitution of the
Stale of Now York.
No. I. Martin Van Duren in favor of pla
cing Free Negroes on an equality with White
Men in regard to the right of suffrage.
At the op-ning of the Convention, Friday,
August 31st, 1821.
Mr. King, from tho committee appointed to
consider ond rcpoit in what manner it wou'd be
expedient to take up the business of the Con
vention, presented a series of resolutions the Gth
of which was as follows;
Resolved, That so much of the CoiAtWrtion
as relates to the rights nnd qualifications oTSs
sons to be elected, be referred to a committee to
take into consideration the expediency of mak
ing any, and ij .any, who? alterations or amend,
ments, therein, and to report such amendments
as they may deem expedient.
Journal of tho Convention, pago 35.
Under tho above resolutions, Messrs. N. San
ford, S. Vanrenssclear, P. It. Livingston, Fair
lie, Young, Cramer and Ross.
Jour. Con. page 38.
Wednesday, Sept. 12ih, 1821.
Mr. Sanford, from the committee appointed,
reported that the committee having considered
tho subjects referred to them, recommended the
following amendments to the constitution.
1st. Every white malo citizen of the ago of
twenty one years, who shall have resided in the
State, six months, next preceding any election,
nnd shall within one year preceding tho election
have paid any tax assessed upon him, or shall,
within one year preceding any election have
been assessed to work on a public road and shall
have performed the work assessed upon him, or
shall have paid an equivalent in money, there-
fore, according to law, or shall within one year
preceding the election have been enrolled in the
Militia in this State, and shall have served there-
in according to law, shall be entitled to vole at
such election in tho town or ward in which he
shall reside, for Governor, Lieutenant Governor,
Senators. Members of Assembly, nnd all other
is who are or may be elective by the people
Jour. lon. page ldi.
September 19th, 1821.
. On motion of Mr. Sanford, the report of the
committee relative to the right of sulTingc, was
taken up for consideration, and was discussed.
Jour. Con. 178, &c, &c.
The question being on the first section as orig
inallv reported by the committee.
Mr. Jay, moved that tho word White be
Seo Jour. Con. pago 190.
The object of this amendment was to place the
Negroes on an equality with tho Whites in re-
eard to voting.
Col- Young earnestly opposed the amend
"Wd ought," he said, "to muko a constitution
adapted to our habits, manners, and state of so
ciety. . Metaphysical refinements and abstract
speculations are ol little use in Training a Con
"No White ninn will stand shoulder to slioul.
der with a negro in the train band of jury room
Ho will not invite him to a scat at his table, nor
in his pew at church. And yet ho must be
placed on a footing of equality in the right of
voting, and on no other occasion whatever, either
civil or social !!
"Tho minds of the blacks aro not competent
to vote" continued Col. Young, "they are too
much degraded to estimate the valuo of excrcis
ing with fidelity and discretion, that important
right. It would be unsalo in their hands! ! xc.
See Jour. Con. pago 191.
The question on utrikini; out tho word white
was then taken by ayes and noes, and decided in
the affirmative, ayes 03, noes 50. MARTIN
VAN BUREN voting in tho affirmative to strike
out the word white, and thus place tho NEGRO
ON AN EQUALITY WITH THE WHITE
MEN IN VOTING AT ELECTIONS;-See
Jour, of Con., pago 202.
Aficr tho above voto was tuken, Gen. Root
immediately arose and observed, that "There
was danger of extending the right of suffrage
too faf. It was now extended to JNEI.jKUEIs
or in tho polite languago of tho day, to COL
ORED PEOPLE. It was, in his opinion, in
expedient to admit strolling voters.'' Willi a
view to prevent this, ho offered a further amend
ment relative to residence, paying of tax, doing
military duly, &c. &c. Seo Jour, of Con.,
This is the same Marlin Van Buren who is now
exhibited to the world as a "northern man will
southern principles." Is it ono of tho .ici
pics of the south, that a negro has as much right
to voto ut elections as a while man? We pause
for a reply.
No. 2 Martin Van Buren in favor of a free
hold qualification for Suite Senators.
September 22d, 1821.
Chief Justico Spencer moved to amend Mr.
Root's amendment, by requiring an interest in
law or equity, in lands, tenements, or heredita
ments of tho valuo o 18250, as a qualification of
voiors for Stato Senators- Jour, of Con., page
Mr. Van Buren opposed this amendment.
He contended that the land interest "was sufli
cienlly guarded by tho constitution as it now
stands. It now provides ihat tho Senators shall
bo freeholders, and that part of iho constitution
it was not proposed to alter. There was no ob
jcelion to filing the amount of the freehold re
quired in the elected, and to place it on a respect
able, but not extravagant footing." Seo Jour, of
lon- page 2jS, etc.
After o long debate, the qucsiion on the amend
ment of Chief Justice Spencer, was taken by
HV i YKII- . CADY.
nyes and noes, nnd decided in tho ncgntivo, ayes
19, noes 100, Mr. Vnn Buren voting in the nog
alive. Jour, of Con. pago 270.
Under tho old constitution, which in this res
pect, according to Mr. Van Buren. "it was not
proposed to alter," no mnn could be elected Son
alor, unless "he possessed a freehold of tho val
ue of ono hundred pounds over and obove all
debts charged thereon." Con. of New York,
1777, sec. 10.
No. 3 Martin Van Buren opposed to univcr-
sol su(rrngc.-..Jour. of Con. page 27.3.
Air. Jay, lor mo sane oi relieving wu rai.
ras3inents of ihc committee, moved to strike out
from Gen. Root's amendments the words, "or
being armed ond equipped according to law,
shall have performed wilhin the year military
duty in the militia of this Stale."
Jour, or Con. page 27-1 1 ho question was
laken nnd decided in the negative, ayes, 20,
noes 92. Mr. Van Buren voting in llio ncga-
Gen. Tnllmadge then moved to strike out "or
on the highways; he was for confining tho quali.
fixations of voters, to sucli as do military uuiy
and pay taxes.
fJol. Young replica, anu wasopposeu to striK-
ing out. air. Von nuren supported llio motion
for striking oul. Tho people (he said) were not
prepared for universal suflfrog'!.
lien, itoot rcpucu, mat u me clause were
ricken out it would disfranchise a numerous
ass of persons who ought ti vote.
Mr. Russell was against striking out. "It
would disfranchise many who ought to vote- He
recollected a Revolutionary soldier in his town,
who was 9t the siege at (Quebec, nnd another who
was at tho storming of Stoney Point, and nei
ther would have a voto if this motion prevailed."
September 27th, 1321.
An amendment of Gen. Tullitiadgc was under
consideration.. Seo i age 270.
Jour, of Con. page 5277. Gen. Root said the
amendment provided for the disfranchisement of
a numerous class ol citizens, lie enlarged upon
the remarks of the gentleman from Niagara, Mr.
Russell, who mentioned two instances in his
town, where two Revolutionary patriots and sol
diers, one of whom fought with Montgomery
under the walls of Quebec, and the other, under
Wayne at Stoney Point, would be disfranchised
if this provision wcro stricken out." &c.
Mr. Van Uuren said, lie felt lutnselt called on to
make a few remarks in reply to the gentleman from
Delaware, (Gen. Root.) Ife observed that it was
evident, and indeed some gentleman did nut seem
disposed to disguise it, that the amendment pro
posed by the Von. gentleman Iroin Jjelaware (Gen.
loot) contemplated nothing sliurt ol universal suf
frage. Mr. Van Buren did not believe that there
were twenty members of that committee who, were
the bare naked question of universal suffrage put to
ihcm, would vote in its favor. Mr. Van Baren then
teplied to a statement made yesterday by his hon
orable and venerable friend from Erie, (Mr. Russell)
in relation to tho exclusion of soldiers, who had
fought at Quebec and Stoney Point, under the ban
ner of Montgomery and. Wayne. And he felt the
necessity of doing this because such cases urged
by such gentlemen as his honorable friend, were
calculated to make a deep and las! ing impression.
Few of those patriots were now living,
ond, of that few, the number was yearly diminish
ing. In htlccn years the grave will have covered
all those who now survive. Was it not, then, un
wise to hazard a wholesome restrictive provision,
lest in its operation it might nlloct those low indi
viduals for a short time! Ifo would add no more;
his duty would not permit him to say less.
Une word (continued Mr. Van Luren) on the
MAIN QUESTION 'jcoro tho Committee. We
had already reached the verge of universal suffrage
lhero was but one step beyond. And are gentle
men prepared to take that step! We were cheapen
ing this invaluable right, lie was disposed to go
as far as any nun in tho extension of rational lib
erty; but he could not consent to undervalue this
precious privilege, so far as to confer it with an
iiidiseriiiiiiiatiug hand upon every one, black and
white, who would be kind enough to accept it."
See Jour, of Con., page 277.
The question on striking out "or on the high
ways," was then taken by aves and noes and de
cided in the u'lirmative ayes OS, noes 4H, MARTIN
VAN IJUR.LN voting in the affirmative, and thus
voting to exclude from the right of suffrage a large
class ol citizens, and also soldiers ot the Kevulu
lion. Seo Jour, of Con., page ""43.
The effect of this striking out the words "or on
tho highways," was to exclude from voting all those
words had been left in the Constitution, might have
voted, by working on the highways, to the amount
ot MAI Y -i, WU AND A HALF CENTS.
Martin Vnn Buren, by this vote, says NO you
poor laborers, who do not pay fixes, Alc, stand
aside, you shall NOT VOTE. The effect of his
vote to strike out white, as before shown, wns to ad
mit negroes to vote on the same footing with white
This is tho Martin Van Buren who is culled by
the i nice-holders the friend of tho POOR MAN ! !
September US, lS'Jl.
Jour of Con., page 23 1. Judge Van Ness moved
fur a reconsideration of the voto of yesterday, fur
striking out the words "or on the highways."
Afier a long discussion, the question of recon
sideration was tuken and decided in the affirmative.
Col. Young then called for tho consideration of
Mr. Wheeler's amendment. Seo Jour, of Con.,
Mr. Whec'or spuke at length in its favor, io
was iu favor of universal sulfr.igo, willi such ex
ceptions and limilutimis as might be conducive to
the public welfare. See Jour, of Con., p.go SMI.
Judge l'latt opposed the aniediiientoii the ground
lliul it went in favor of universal sulfrugo.
Mr. Vun Buren "occupied the floor for some time
in expressing his sentiments decidedly against the
amendment and againsi umversul s-uuruge. we
were (he said) hazarding every thing by going to
such lengths in the amendments, Sic" 1'uge '.'SI.
Mr loinpkins supported the amendment ami
ihought too much alarm had been created by the
bug-biar, universal suffrage. Taxation us applied
to representation, meant liability to taxation, How
was it when no tuxes were imposed in this Stale?
Were there no ropresniulion! iVe. pigo Jsl.
Jour uf Convention, pago'J7. The question on
Mr. Wheeler's aniondineiil wus taken by uves und
noes, and decided in the utliriuuiive, aves ti:l, noes
03. Murtin Van Buren voting in the negative and
aguinst universal suttruge.
No. 4 Murlin Vun Buren against universal
suffrage, and in favor of a household qualification
September 29, H21
On motion of Mr. Edwards, tho whole subject
was again referred to a select committee of thirteen
to consider and report upon it.
Jour, of Con., page iW
October -1, l'l.
Col. Young, fiuui the committee of thirteen, Id
vvhoiii was referred tho resolution relative to the
right of sulfroge, mado a report. See'Jour. of Con
The subject came up for discussion, page 300.
L. I C K
CEASES TO HE DA STEROL'S, WHEN REASON IS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT 7V
IMYVTTE, 11ISSOI 1CI, SATURDAY, Alia ST 13, IK 10.
Martin Van Buren said, "that as tho voto he
should now give on what was called the highway
qualification, would ho dilTerent from what it had
been on a former occasion, he would give a brief
explanation. The qualifications reported by the
first committee were of three kinds, viz: The pay
ment of a money lax the performance of military
duty and working on llio highways. The two
former had met his decided approbation. To the
latter he wished to add the additional qualification,
that the elector should, if ho paid no tax, performed
nn military duty, but ofirred his vote on the sole
ground that, he had labored on the highway, also
be a householder."
Mr. Van Buren then proceeded to give a history
of lhr progress of tho voting on the subject, and
stated as a reason, why he should not now again at
tempt to add the qualification of householder, to
the highway qualification, that if he did, it would
bo running the hazard of the reintroduct ion of the
proposition of the gentleman from Washington,
abandoning all qualifications, and throwing open
the ballot boxes to every body.
Mr. Van Buren then went on to point out the
many evils that would flow from a wholly unre
stricted right of suffrage.
' First," he said, "it would give to the cily of
New York, about y.5,001) votes, whilst, under the.
liberal extension of the right or the choice of dele
gates, to this convention, she hid but about thirteen
or fourteen thousand; that the character of the in
creased number of votes would bo such as would
render their elections rather a curse than a blessing."
"Secondly, it would not only he injurious to them,
but tu the northern nnd western part of the State,
&c , the additional representation which next year
was to he distributed among the counties, would, in
s'cad of going principally to the west, be surrender
ed to the worst population of tho old counties and
"Thirdly, the door would bo entirely closed
against retreat, whatever might bo our after convic
tion, founded on experience, as to the evil touden-y
of this extended suffrage."
lie said tho highway tax was within tho contrul
of the legislature, and might hereafter be confined
to property. For one hundred years at least this
would afford protection against the evils apprehend
ed. He would, therefore, notwithstanding that his
desire to hnve the qualification of householder, ad
ded to the electors of the third description remained
unchanged, accept the report of the committee as
it. was, with the audition ot military qualification,
which he thought ought to be adopted for the sake
of principle, if fur no other reason.
The question was taken affirmative 60, nega
tive 14. See Jour, of Con.
No. 5. Martin Van Buren in favor of a freehold
qualification for negroes, in exercising the right of
The next subject in order was tho compromise re
ported by the committee of thirteen, allowing a ne
gro to vole, provided he had threo years' residence
in the State, one year in the countv, and was seized
of a freehold cstateof the value of two hundred at:d
fifty dollars over and above all debts and incum
brances charged thereon, and shall have been actu
ally rated and paid a tax thereon.
Gen. Root moved that the committee rise and re
port. "He hoped they would not (it being 3 o clock)
take up the negroes on an empty stomach.''
I he motion to rise and report was lost-
jour. Con. pige Su'O.
Mr. Van Buren said he had voted against a total
and unqualified exclusion of the negroes for he
would not draw a revenue from them, and yet deny
to them the right of suffrage, but this proviso met
his approbation, they were exempted from taxation
until they had qualilied themselves to vote. J he
right was not denied, to exclude any prrtion of the
community who will not exercise Ihc right of niff-
rage in its purity. 1 Ins held out inducements to
industry, and will receive his support.
Jour, ot Lon. page d7l.
The question was taken on allowing negroes to
vote, as above suited, and decided in the affirmative,
ayes 74, noes 31, Mr. Van Buren voting in the af
firmative. Jour, of Con. 37S.
The subject was reported to the Convention, and
tho question was taken on tho whole section, inclu
ding provisos, &c. and decidrd in the affirmative,
ayes 72, noes 32, Mr. Van Buren voting in the af
firmative. Jour, of Con. page 5.77.
The section thus adopted and made part of the
Constitution of tho Slate of New York, is as follows:
Sec. 1. Every male cittizen, of ti.o age of
twenty-one years, who shall have been an inhabi
tant of this Slate one year preceding any election,
and for the last six months a resident of tho town
or county where lie may offer his vote; and shall
have within the year next preceding the election,
paid a tax to the State or county, assessed upon his
real or personal property; or shall by law be ex
empted from luxation; or being armed or equipped
according to law, shall have performed within that
year, military duty in the militia of this Slate; or
who shall be exempted from performing militarv
duty in consequence of being a fireman in any city,
town, or villuge in this State; and also, every mult
citizen of the ago of twenty-one years, who shall
havo been, for Unco years next preceding such
election, an inhabitant of this State; und for tiic last
year a resident in the town or county, where lie may
offer his vote; and shall havo been wilhin the lasl
yeor, assessed to labor upon the highways, and
hail have performed the labor, or paid an equiva
lent therefor, uccording to law; shall be entitled to
volu in tho town or ward where he actually resides,
und not elsewhere, for all officers that uoiv aro, or
hereafter niav he, elective bv the people. But no
man of color, unless he shall have been for three
years a citizen of this State, und for one year next
preceding any election, shall bo seized und possess-
d ol a IreeholU estate of t lie value ot two hundred
and fifty dollars, uvcr und ubove all debts and in
cumbrances charged thereon; und sholl i.avo boon
actually rated, and paid a tux thereon, shall be en
titled to vote at such election. And no person ut
color shall bo subject to direct taxation, unless he
shall be seized und possessed ut such real estate as
Tho a buve is a f.iilhful nnd candid abstract of
llio votes nnd speeches of .Mirlin Van Buren in
the New York Convention of 1821, as reported.
H e have llio volcmo ol proceedings publish in
Albany, in tho miiiio year, in our possession, and
any person who feels disposed his full liberty of
access for the purpose of computing the above wiih
We invite nil who doubl it. Friends of uni
versal suffeiugo what think you of tho man that
uttered the language contained i:i llio above sjieo.
dies and gave the votes above specified, in res.
iriction of thai s.iered riglu? Will any man Jon.
ger donbt whether Martin Van Buren is ngaiust
universal sufferage? Will thn most rapid parii.
zan longer deny that Martin Van Buren advoca
ted and voted, (or tho riglu of the Negro to vote at
The evidence is plain, palpable and clear ns
the light of day lead, reflect, ll is plain Eng.
libh. No man should have a vote, in the opinion
of Martin Vnn Buren unless he paid taxes did
military duty, or worked on the highway, and wus
a householder. 1 ho idea of umversul sultrage
was to him monstrous. Murk this journeymen
mcrchanics! attend to this, poor, but honest
frogmen of tho land! Heark n to it ye aged rem
nant of tho revolution remember it nil of you.
No. 0. Van Buren opposed to giving the el
ection nf Sheriff's to ihc people.
Gen Root moved ns on amendment to a sec
tion on tho appointing power that Sheriffs shall
bo chosen py the people of thn several counties,
sc Jsec Journal oT Con. page .3S1.
A division having been called for on the a.
mcndinent of Gen. Rool, relating to sheriff), the
sniiio was decided in the ofTirmalive, ayes 71, nor.
30 Mirtin Vnn Buren voting in tho negative,
and again.! giving the elector) of sheriffs to t!ic
people. The amendment wns nevertheless car
ried, ami is now a pait of the Constitution of
See Journal of Con. page 380.
OEM. JACKSON AM A INST (JEN. HARRISON,
AND AUAINST EN. WASHINGTON.
General J.vksis may be excused, in iiis old
'lays, fur doing on r.cl which, in tho vigor of his
years and of his mind, he would have scorned.
Degraded, indeed, must that party he to slander the
fume (if Gen. arrison by operating upon the declin
ing years and mind of a chivalrous man, to make
him the accuser of his rival in military glory, and
of an old fellow-officer ! The spectacle cannot be
other than painful to every American bosom. What
friend of our country's honor hut must feel morti
fied at the following r. -tract from a late publication
by Gen. Jackson .
"H :::-i!TAr:r:. June 23d, 1-5 10.
"To the Elitnr nf tlin .Viv.'mVc Cninn :
".Sin : Having never admired Gen. Harrison
(i military mnn, or cniiiiUred hirn possessing the
('KiUlits uhir'i n,iis!itul.' tiie cmiin'iwhr of an arnn,
1 have looked ot his political rr-latiuns alone, in the
opinions I have formed ami expressed respecting
his pretensions to the Presidency, nnd the cone
qnences which would result to the country should
the suffrages of the l'coplepl ice him in that office."
"I arn, &c. ANDREW JACKSON."
The history of the country shows that General
Jackson, wis, and is, the persona! enemy of General
Harrison, and that he always regarded him as his
mal in military fume. Can the opinions of Gen
erul Jack son, under these fetdiugs and circurnstan'
ccs,', moke any impression upon the People of the
country other than such as are unfavorable to him
self! Why are the military services of the gallant
arrison assailed at this lime ! Why have not the
njiiniims of distinguished impartial men, who had
served with arrison, and who had an opportunity
to judge of him "as a military man," been given
instead of the prejudiced opinion of a riiuland an
ew.my ? Was it because none such could be ob
tained, or is it that the task would belter suit the
man who had refused to acknowledge that the
father of his country, the immortal Washington-,
was "a military man," and for his services in the
field and in the cabinet deserved the grateful thanks
of Congress ! Let the People of the country reud
the following extract from the journals of Congress,
and then say if it be any discredit to General ar
rison not to 'jo ' udmired as a military man" by
General JacKSon, who did not consider even Wash
ington as entitled to the thanks of his country.
Upon tho l.xh of Djccmb.:r, 17!)'j, tho ouse of
Representatives of the United States had under con
sideration "an address" to General Washington,
when llio following procecding'took place :
A motion was made and seconded to slriu vut ot
said address the following words, to wit :
"For our country's sake, for the sake of rcju!t:i'
:.j;t ttaiiiy, ii is our earnusi wish utai your twanij'ii'
may be the guide ot our successors, and thus, after
being iho ornament and safeguard of the present
age, become the patrimony of our descendants."
And on the question being taken, it passed in the
Andruf Jjtcksim .' und "J others voting in the
jiimes Mjais m ar.u .jj others lutingm the tvo.-
And then the main question being taken, that the
iiuse do agree to tho said address, from which the
following extracts nre taken, lo wit:
"The gratitude and almirtt!i n of your country
men are still drawn to the recollection of those re
splendent virtues and ttib nls vhi-h were mi emi
nently inslrnmi-nUliln the whisewiU nf Ihc Reditu
timi, aii'l nf u-hi -h ih it g.'oriiius rrml trill ci r l c the
nuii'Drvtl." ".May you long enjoy that liberty
vviiich is so dour to yon, und in which your name
will ever be so dear. May your own virtues and a
nation's prayers obtain the happiest sun-finr- fir
the decline of jour days und the choicest of fuli-re
It was resolved in the ufiirmntivo.
Mi.Hion ond others voting fur the ml-
J'l-I.son ! bin 11 others voting iiuir.st
0:5" Sen vol. 'J Hou
Journal of 1700. page
1517. i 10 -ill this nfi
After this exposition, can Genera! .irri.soii"
military glory bo tainted by l iui who "utitniicx
no one, as a military man, but Aims';', and who
would not accord to the illustrious Washington mi
address approving of l;is military services ns in
siruuiental lo the echievment i f the Revolution !"
If Gencrul Jacksor. does not "udniiro General
irrisun as a militarv man," wliat d the diilin
guished officers who liiiight ly his side and wit
nessed his "qualities us a commander of uu army'
sav J i hey ui'O disinterested witness..
, and sjiui k
from no prejudices und enmities,
one of the present loaders of ll e Van
say, before hu wus idcniil'.id uiih Mr. Vun H.iren's
fate, und before he hud so far lost his chivalry of
character as to liitrn, as lie n i.v does, to the abuse
of his old friend, follow-soidier, tied General ! We
allude to Colonel Richard M. Johnson. They differ
in opinions withGcncr.il Jackson, and they "ad
mire arrison us a military man." Col. Richard
M. Johnson said i:i a speech in Congress:
"For forty years he ( arrison j has been identi
fied with its tho WeslJ interests, ils perils, and its
hopes. Universally beloved in the walks of peace,
and distinguished bv his abil'uies in the councils of
ihe coun'.rv, ho has been yet wiorf iilustriousli) dm
tinguished in the JUld. Jh wns longer in actual
servicu than anu atitcr i(riui:i. oAmr ; ho was per
hups aften'r in action than i"iv "' th;m, und
NEVER SUSTAINED A DEcEAT.
To what do llie signs of the times point now?.-
They point lo Gcneiiil Harrison's tie lion as
true as tho needle lo the pole, or a leg treasurer's
nose to 1 exu3.-..'rfn7ti.'e.
Vol. 1 .Ao. '2 'J.
Tho Baltimore Republican of tho l"ilh ult. con.
tains "A short biography ol a Democrat: Martin
Van Buren." Query Did he not mean epitaph !
We propose to insert the articlo from the Republi
can, wih some emendations, as follows:
An Ejiitnph on Martin Vnn Daren: who is
Born Dec. ."ith, 17-S'i, at Kindcrhook, New York.
Admitted to the Bar, Nov. l-lOM.
Elected Senator of the Stale in llv!.
Opposed the war and Madison, who was the
advocate of the war.
In February, 131"), offered rrsolutions expressive
of tho sense of the New York Legislature
ol the victory ut New Orleans,
by Ihat brnveold soldier,
GENERAL ANDREW JACKSON :
To whose influence, and not his own men',
he was entirely indebted for oil the honors
he lately received.
He was elected to t lie U. S. Spnnte in 1!21 ;
in which year he voted in the New York Convention
to prevent poor old
R EVOLUTIONAL V Bi'Mitr.ns
from exercising therdective franchise :
But in the same Convent inn,
voted to allo.v ngroc to cute.
He was engaged in duncing a minuet at Albany,
at tho very time when
ankle-deep in blood, was lighting the criernie9
of his country.
Appuinted Secretary of Slate of the f". S in H'JO,
when he gave instructions to our Minister ut the
Court of St. James, derogatory to the
honor of his country.
Minister to England in 1:)1, where ho acquircJ
great fondness for the nobilitv,
und became, more nristocra.icullv,
Which tastes he eminently and gorgeously displayed
in the palace, A'ith his English coach and
servants his sumptuous furniture, "labouretts,
rosettes, crimson taffeta, gilt lumps.
Gulp knives and forks," &c. &,c.
uhir'i u-tre purchased ui'.h thi
PEOPLE'S CASH :
Thus making the I'm Iiuren pa'nre equal to ihoje
of St. James, the Tuilleries, Fontainbleau,
Neuilly, and St. Cloud.
Vice President in l-yU; and by the personal
popularity and influence of Gen. Jackson,
u ithvut any merits of his vtrn.
President of tho United States in HIJ8.
In 1 !:'!) being "a Northern man ith Southern
principles" lie allowed ncqrncs to testify, in
ngainst an officer of tho U. S. Navy.
In 140, after having obtained possession
of the purse nf tho
Ho endeavored to enlist a
Si.vNmxr, Ah'.iv, consisting of
TWO HUNDRED THOUSAND MEN.
The combined operation of these two measures
would have enabled him to destroy
the liberties of his
His only claim to immortality consists in never
having had his name connected with any
great measure for thi good of his
countrj1, although he was in
public life for thirty years.
In every -station, and under uii circumstances,
he manifested supreme regard for
He hud the rare happiness to attain his highest
wishes: having deemed it
"Glory enough to serve under such a chief.''
His political demise took place on the
ad of March, 1S41, at midnight.
His nE.ii a ins
repoo at Kinderhnok : if not
"The world forgetting,"
"BY THE WORLD FORGOT."
A VETERAN'S TESTIMONY.
What school boy but rccollec's tho icply of
thu gallant Miller nt the battle of Biiilgcwatci
A destructive fire had been mowing down rank
after rank, of the American line, when General
Ripley, hastening to the regiment commanded by
llio hrave fliiller, exclaimed " Colonel, r""
you silence that battery ?"' "I'll try sir," w
the quid; reply; end tnnt "try will ever occupy
a proud niche in the temple of American valor.
llo curried the redoubt at the point of the bny-j
net, braving the Ii ttest fire of the enemy.
This letter of Gen. Miller, who reived und-
Gtn. Harrison at Tippecanoe, nnd knr-w him
well, will oils I a thousand such as the one lately
emanated from the Ilermilage. "If I ever In: I
any military skill," says the Colonel, l'oi
more indebted to Gen Harrison than any other
man. w lint friend ol luc veteran llrurts'.ii
who has heard ol Genera! Jn ves Miller, but fit.! a
i lie force i I the comliment herein unintentionally
conveyed by the military pupil, lo bis old precrp
tor: Let muse consider, too, who ntieirpt (o
depreciate (he military characki of Gi ti. arrison
dial in so doing, lln.y aie reflecting upon the re
puiauou ol very imtiy ol ihe most pro:n:.s.n r
younger olficcis of the last war.
w Hal anils io lt;c loree ol ucncral llci s
tesuni'inv is, mat ho holds at this lane, the ohue
ol Collector ol llie l oil r.t fs.iie.n. lie is conse
ipiti.'-ly, at ihe disp js'd of the IVsident. Will
Mr. Van Buren (as he has heretofore done in the
case of Gen. an Rensselaer) displace tliis old
sjldicr lor having Hie lirmness to testily tu ihc
worm oi ins commander: I'arc ne no so: e
,iv my nut at lcosl umil after November next
Boston, J;ine?9, 13 Ll
My Dear General.
1 address with the lranl;ne?s which one on.
friend may use to aids another. My object is Ut
learn what you lliiuk of tho recent attacks on the
mililary character of Gen llarr'soii. I believe
von were in iho army in the wesi, in (he r.imp.'ugn
of Tippecanoe, nliliough 1 do not recollect that
you served with lum alter the declaration ol war
ngairst England: but as n military man, fur.n
ing your judgment impartially, nnd when facts
were recent your opinion would be ol gre.tt value.
I f there be any blot on bin military faine.it oujit io
be known; if there bo not you will feel thai nn
old soldier ought not to be urijiiftly unci inJVy :d
Gen. Harrison is before tiie country for ihe
Presidency. I do not kow that we shall elect
him bul 1 can say, in your own language, my
heir General ihat "we'll try."
Yours, wiih unceasing regaid
C'cn. James MiLf-a.
.Vy Dear Si)
1 hnve hod lie I onor tn rrcfiv yon Ipltrr ffvf s
ti tdoy. requesting rnflto state what 1 think of thr
recent attack nn tliemi'itflry character nf General
Harrison. In answer I ran truly say, that 1 have
noticed with deep regret, attacks, not only on his
well earned miliijiry lame, but also upon his pri
vate and moral character. My first equainnr.e
with Gen. Harrison was in tho year 191 1. I wa
on duly in- the 4th Regiment of'lnfniitry, then com
manded by C'ul. John I'. Boyd afterward Gn
Boyd under orders to proceed to Vineennes, and
there rcort of Gov. Harrison. We did aa.
We remained at Vincennes some day, and uni
ted ourselves with the Volunteers assembled there
devoting our limited time to purposes of organiza
tion and drill. We then took our line of march for
the Indian country, and proceeded by slow and cau
tious marches, until we lad reached about seventy
miles up th" Wabash towards Tippecanoe; where
we halted and threw up sirwkadded work which
was called Fort Harrison. Here I remained untt'
the army returned from Tippecanoe, after the bn'
tK Although I was not in tho battle, still I took
great interest in it, hud much conversation with
the officers on their return, and made every enquiry
I could think of respecting their movements and en
campments, the attack and defence, and Ihe opera
tions of the battle throughout,---and I made up my
mind, unhesitatingly, that tho campaign had been
conducted with great bravery fkill, and judgment,
ind that nothing was left undone, that could bo
done, consisicnly with the Generul's express orders
from the War Department, which I saw and read
Nor have I ever known or heard of any act of hi
which has, in the last degree filtered tho opinion I
then formed of him. I will add, that if I ever had
any military skill; I am indebted more for it to Gen
Harrison than any other man.
Soon after the battle, I wrote a letter to General
Benjamin Pierce, late Governor of New Hampshire
my mili'ary father, as I call him giving a
S'inievvliat detailed account of the campaign of Tip
decanoe. That Letter was preserved by Gen. P.
and might now be probably found among his papers.
If it is in existence, it will show what were my op
inions at that time, as would ulso several letters
then written by me to various friends. In thoso
days I never hcord that General Harison was a
coward or wore petticoats. To conclude, I freely
express my oppinion, after following him through
all his civil and military career, after living with
hirn in his family more than six months, that Gen
eral William Henry Harrison is as free from stain
or blemish as it fulls to the lut of mm lo be.
I am, dear Sir, your old friend,
Hon. Daniel Webster.,
COOLNESS ON THE FIELD OF BATTLE.
Connected with the movements of the north-wes-
ern armies, ft lil'A and previously, uro many in
cidents which though too unimportant fur the pages
general history, are nevertheless highly interest
ing, and well worthy cr preservation Some ot
these have been related by General Tipton, and oth
er brave otrkers ; several are recorded in the narra
tives of Dawson and Hall ; a few may be found in
the newspapers of the times in which they occurred.
but the greater number ot them dwell inrjroly in th-j
recollections of tho surviving soldiers who witness-
d them. Some of them display an intrepidity un-
urpassed in the history nf warfare; others exhibit
coolness in the moment of imminent danger, in-
licative of the most determined resolution and the
most extraordinary nerve. OP this latter character
are the two incidents mentioned below. We find
litem related in a letter from Col. John Speed Smith,
a prominent friend of tho Administration in Ken
tucky,) to a gentleman of this city. Colonel
Smith, it will be recollected, was one of the aids of
eneral Harrison in the battle of the Thames.
The writer states, that a moment before the bat
tle commenced, General Harrison rude up to a ma
jestic Seneca Chief, and took his powder horn lo re-
prnne Ins pitols. upon witnessing this, Lieuten
ant Smith asked him if ho expected to come in per
sonal contact with the enemy ; to which the Gen
eral replied, that it was proper to be prepared for
any event, thut he commanded an army of bettor
materials than I roctor s, and that he was deter
mined not to survive a defeat ; adding with a smile,
to Lieutenant Smith, "You had better fresh pri mo.
too, as I shall expect my aids to die around me !"
Whilst, at the crotchet, alter the Iclt wing had
recovered from its momentary confusion, and was
joining the front, General Harrison ordered Lieu
tenant ainith to bring down l.hiles s command to
support it. While he was giving this order, the
necks ol their two horses were interlocked ; ami
aouie twigs of a tree above them, which had iath-
red ni.d retained a cluster of leaves, and around
which the uiu had lo look al his Commander, were
cut down by the enemy's balls. Near the spur, at
the same moment, a suldier was shot throii"li lh
thigh; and seeing the Commander-in-Chief as he
swung around und fell, he cried out. "Did you see
thai General ! tln'v have shot me aguin."
This man had been wounded the day before, nt
the Bridgfl. General Harrison directed him to be
tukcu back to huve his wound dressed ; but finding
that his thigh was not broken, the brave fellow
indaged it with his handkerchief lo siup the bieed-
ing, c lutcheil rip nn gun, swore lie meant to have
'iiti-fuctinii, and continued to light. A few moments
ifterwards, a young man dashed u; to the Com
mander., holding a scalp in his handinid sung oul,
Look here, General, Iv'e got ii ! My father was
un olil KcnlucKy uunan rigiuer; ami wnon 1 lelt
h'une, he mado me promise lo bring hirn the scalp
uf a red skin killed by myself. And hero it is
this i )i r the oid man. Now I want one for mv-
':" And awuy he sprang in search of another
'i'hei-e two anecdotes, Colonel Smith ays, great
v aiiiu.-cd Ceihinoduro Perry, when he related them
i, him M the clo-eof ihe buttle; and the giilant
sailor truly said, that an army of such men could
n t he c'uicuered. And he frequently ufiervvnrils.
on ii ting wiiii me oiiici rs oi Ihe urinv, would
rcp'al Ihe brave soldier's exclamation, with great.
zest, "Da yu see Ihat u eneral : they havo sh"t
me ugaiii!" C'ia:iuiwi U izJttr.
AN INCIDENT THAT SPEAKS.
On the morning of the Lh, says ihe t' jston
Mercantile, tilotu ljd'ldiil ;ern of lire diH'cmii
Iiubtisl churches of lint city were nss?iblt:J at
the church in lt.ilJ win Place, and addressed bv
Rev. Mr. S;ow. In speaking of the present
Chief Magistrate, he said in subslance, as iolluvvs
"Mr. Van Ilurcu, on the fourth of Maieh, IS 1 1
will have servo four years as President o f the V
Stale.-. Who will be our next President "
If hu lihd been allowtdlo proceed without inter
ruption he doubtless would huve said u this i iTect:
':Vho will be our next Pu'sldcn it is impossible
to predict, us ilu.ro ore two prominent eaudidiitcs
for llieollice, Mr. Van liua ll and Gen. I In rison.
ll.il he wus not allowed to compter? ihe sentence,
i'orihe Sahha l!. Srl.uo! pupils, Mippnsiug llidt on
interrogator' had been iiinpnscd, vviih wonderful
promptitude shouted oul lionl eveiy p.ui of the
chunh, Harrison ! ariiisos: : II AUUISU.V"
Tin: beauty of the above i.s, that the preacher.
Mr. Sio'.v.ua Van Buren man and ns zeal
cms an ubliiioiiist as can be found in this Union.
Ku. Jtir. Rei'.
The Biilisli in ll,c days of the Revolution were
in the habit of calling Gm. W.iyiid 'Granny.'
Al the hioruiing of Munny Point, Old mad Aulho
n y was the lliird man thai entered the I. reach,
lie Was nut by a Briii.-h Orcu-idicr whs iii
quiied 'Who are you! OM Mad Autiiony level
led hull to the ground excbunniig ' am granny
Wayne, and by G d, sir I intend to dilirer this
fortress in about frc minutes!"
POLITICS OF THE HOUSE.
(7- Th.s case stands thu : If we Invt carried
Tike there is a Whig majwity. It t i.r;a.