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title: 'Boon's Lick times. (Fayette, Mo.) 1840-1848, August 29, 1840, Image 1',
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THE BEGGAR'S PETITION:
A very pathetic and musical Appeal to the Dear
People, by an Ex-Postmaster Ventral.
Tune "An, on HonniEs."
Cume, down with your money, I'm terribly poor,
Much sufPring for you I'm compelled to endure,
Having revelled in ollico for many a day,
I've left it, and now I am scribbling away,
All for one dollar, only one dollar,
Only one dollar, one dollar, heigh-ho!
I've lived on the peoplo for many a year,
No wonder the people to me are must dear;
For money the friend of my youth I betrayed,
And my life a whole scries of slandering made,
All fur thedullar, &.C.
To be sure, I have laid up in silver and gold,
Much more than is worth while just now to betold.
But I'm laying that up for the next rainy day,
And to feed my dear children I'm scribbling away,
All fur one dullar, &c.
Come, down with your dollars, ye Democrat true!
And those who ctn do it had better send twu;
From those who aro poor, a half-dollur I'll take,
'I will serve a small sum for the pauper to make,
So hand out your dollar, &c.
For this, to your order, the Globe I will send,
The postage is nothing, for Nilos is my friend:
From that you will learn how the Yankees all run,
And the British, last war, every victory won,
All for one dollar, &c.
That Harrison, Scott, Daniel Webster, and Clay,
Are all British Whigs, in that paper I'll say;
Though in battle and council they conquer'd ilicfuc,
While Matty, the lawyer, kept quiet yuu know,
But I must have my dollar, &c.
'Tis tru! I must scribble full many a lie.
lint scribble, I must, friends, or else I must ilio.
If Harrison's chosen he'll kick up a row:
And when money is squander'd he'll want to know
So make haste with your dollar, &c.
A cool hundred thousand by this I shall make,
That is if my friends all my papers will take,
Hut it is not for money I enter the fight,
Oh! certainly not! for the People I write,
So fork out your dollar, &c.
VAN BUREN MEN LOOK HERE.
The letter of Mr. Davis, which has been commu
nicated to us for publication, and will be found in
our columns to-day, cannot fail, as well from its
contents as from the position of the writer, to at
tract the attention of our readers. Dr. Davis was
.7 member of the Baltimore Convention of May last;
has been well known as one of the Union party of
South Carolina, has for ten years in succession
represented one of the most populous and intelli
gent districts of South Carolina in its Legislature ;
and was the political and confidential friend of
General Jackson during the political contest of his
day, and since. It is certainly no ordinary case of
secession from a great party when an individual
thus situated feels himself bound to break off from
them. We commend to our Southern readers es
pecially the general diffusion of the letter which
explains his reasons for so doing. JS'at. Int.
To the Voters of the Thirteenth Congressional Dis
trict of Tennessee.
Having been sent by a portion of you as a Dele
gate to the National Democratic Convention, held
in the city of Baltimore, on the Oth of May, I con
ceive it my duty, however painful, to communicate
to you the state of things here.
After the adjournment of the Convention, I came
to this city to await the publication of the address
or tne Convention, in order inai i migui ue t-nuuitu
to send vou copies.
lit addition to this, I transmitted to you such
documents and saeeches es I supposed would pro
mote the Democratic cause in Tennessee. Things
minearcd to no on very well until the 11th June
when Mr. Bona, of Virginia, presented to Congress
the memorial of Lieut. Hooe, oi llie Slavy, protest-inn-
nirainst the testimony of two ncgroei, who hid
linen introduced as evidence osainst him on his
triiil before a court martial held at Peusacola. Af
ter I had examined the case most carefully, in which
it seems the Secretary of the Navy, the Attorney
General, and the President of the United Slates,
all concurred in opinion, it struck me that the Pres
ident had, perhaps, been misrepresented. This
ilncision involves at onco the great principle fur
vvliicli the South is contending, and on which the
Pr.ssi dent's nonularitv is founded. I, thorefore, de
termined to call on him, and, after a few remarks
in relation to the trial of Licutonunt Hooe, 1 in,
mired of him whether he knew at the time ho op
proved the sentence of tho court that two negroes
hud given testimony in the case ! To which
he replied in the affirmative. I observed to the
President that without some explanation other than
that which I had seen it would huve a bad effect on
tho Suulh. He then observed that a full ex plana,
linn would be Dublished bv tho House of Reiiree
KmitKtivei to-dav. I went to the Capitol, and uu
entering the Reprseentativo Hall I found tho House
cutraffed in the discussion of the question, which
resulted in tho postponement of the printing
nf the documents. Tne oay following, liowev
..r ilni lilube cave what the Preside-ill devms
n "full explanation" of tho matter. After reading
llm rv nlauation of the Globe, I could not find a
satisfactory explanation ; but, on thocoutrary.it
appeared to me that the President had assumed the
, .p : .:(In.:nn ku jiiknttiml ! tin tlmf it hint
grouna oi jusuiicuii'.ii j
been the usage of the Navy to admit negro evidence
mi rntirW martial.
I am aware that under tho common law thoro is
no distinction known as to persons, yet I do contend
that tho President, in approving me proceedings oi
the court martial, ouglit to liavo cxprcsscu nis uis
iinr.kttnllOtl fit tlie negro evidence.
With this qualification his political friends at
III have been satisfied.
It will not do to tell us that tho President hud no
control of the matter that it would not huve been
proper for him to have interfered. The case is
within tho recollection of many of us whore, uttpr
the court martial had decided, tlio General tu com
ma nd reversed tho decision, und ordered u new
Now, if it be competent that u substantial can
reverse tho decision of a court, i presume no one
uiiit ii.-nv Hint the Commander m ehi' l I' is Hii'icr
1IY CYItlli V. CADY.
This is a question of vital importance to every
white mnn in tho United States and it will not do
for the President to look with indifference, not to
say with approbation, upon it.
I have watched this question through all its mu
tations. The opposition will, no doubt, avail them
selves of this fulso flop of tho President to promote
their own political views.
There is a strange iiidilTercncc, a total absence
on the part of the President, of Hint watchful and
ardent solicitude which tho very nature of the sub
ject is calculated to inspire, and which it was his
province to guard and defend It is now said by
members of Congress that they will still pass n lu ,v
to prohibit in fuluro the introduction of negro tes
timony against a white mnn. It is loo lute ; the
poison has been infused ; all the laws on enrtli can
not heal the deadly influence.
Tell mo not of your fanatics nnd abolitionist,
when the highest officer known to your laws and
your Constitution admits tho fuct that a ncgiu is a
competent witness ognin-l a while man. Is thi
your Northern man with Southern feelings ? And
is this is the man.we ore to rely upon when the day
of peril and of danger may come ?
But it is contended that Lieut. Hoof, was convict
ed without the negro testimony. Then why n'r
dtico it 7 Was it to jner and taunt tho feelings of
the South ! We are not now trying Lieut. Ho-m.
but testing nn all-important principle one inti
mately connected with our political und social rela
tions. The principle of the admission of negro testimony
at all is tho question ; nut what they did or did tmt
prove. And if it be a fuct, as stated, that the re
spondent was convicted without tho negro evidence,
then it is a gratuitous assault upon the policy ami
institutions of the South.
This case presents to the mind the most singular
and extraordinary anomaly in reference to that por
tion of tho Union supposed to have Northern t'ecl
imrs and Northern prejudices on the subject of sla
very. In Pennsylvania with tier '.juauer popuituiun
always opposed to slavery in the abstract, she. has
declared that a negro, within tho purview of the
Constitution, isnot entitled to all the privileges and
immunities of a free white man. In Connecticut,
Chief Justice Daocet, in tho Tappan negro school
case, decided that a negro was nut a free man or
citizen within the meaning of tho Constitution of
the United Slates.
By the laws of South Carolina, and, perhaps, ot
the Southern States, the admission of negro tes
timony is prohibited in the trial of a white mm.
Vet, in the lace ot theso tacts, anil wiiiini n omni ¬
um Territory, negroes are permitted to give testi
mony, and tho proceedings of the court, approved
bv the President of the United States !
J . ........ ,11.. .1..
J lie charge ot aooiitiouisi comes my iram mm.
pmrter noir, since the President bus officially de
thired that ho saw nothing wrung in the proceed
ings of a court which two negroes had given evi
dence against a white man.
If we are to have a president holding opinions
adverse to the interests of the South, give us one
horn south uf t in I'otomac river one whose cany
associations, habits, and education would make him
act. with caution, if not with propriety, however
much he might in the abstract be opposes to slavery.
Ii. S. DAVio.
Washington, July, 1910.
THE ISSUE !
Should a crisis arrive, like that of 1770, when
the Gordian kknot of oppression can only bo cut
by the sword tlio ultimo ratio pnpulorum, as well
as return is there a farmer who wuold not barter
his ploughshare lor a sword and stand lor ins
couutry 1 Is there a mechanic wno wouiu not;
throw hy his plane, ins trowel or ins sieugc, unu
lift his sinewy arm to striliC down iiiu oppressor .
N there a merchant who would nut store his bales
and packages, and range himself on tho side of
right against power .'
And will not the turtner leave lus piuugu me
mechanic his tools, and tho merchant his goods, to
prevent the shedding of blood, and preserve the
tranquility of the country 1
The Presidential election is at hand. It is
threatened by the Tory press that tho policy of the
Administration shall be malureu, even u u is m ue
baptized in blood. It is a question then between
the placeman's avarice and the people's hope : and
who that deserves to live anil oto a ireeiiiuu win
not rally round tho latter '! Madisnniun.
From the Pittsburg Daily American.
HARRISON AND PORTER ASSOCIATIONS
Pursuant to public notice, a large and enthusi
astic meeting of the Democratic Republican citi
zens of AUuehcnv county, who have relinquished
tho support ot Martin Vun tsuren, was noiu ui mu
Diamond Hotel, in rutsnurg, ior me purpose ui
forming a Harrisou and Porter Association fur
The object ot the meeting having noon nrieuy
tated bv Mr. George MoCombs, on motion, Major
Win. B. Foster was unanimously elected rrostdeut,
and Mr. M'Combs, V ice President, Mr. Win. Pee
bles, Jr., Treasurer, and V. O'H. Robinson Secre-
The Association bavins been organized, a com
mittee of three, consisting of M. Lu.vry, E-q. Win.
Peebles, Jr., and W. O'H. Kobinsun, wero ap
pointed, on motion of Mr. Lowrv, to prepare reso
lutions cxDressive of tho views of this meeting, mid
to draft uu address to be reported to the Associa
tion on its noxt meeting.
Tho committee having retired, a letter from J.
II. Sowell, Esq., was reud, expressing a cordial
concurrence with us, and desiring his name to Ue
nrolled on the list ot tho Association.
Mr. Lowry, chairman uf the cummi'.tce, repurteu
tho following preamble and resolutions :
Helieviin' that Mr. un Uuren has ruiiiKpiished
every one of those principles, under tl.a profession
of which the democracy bus fought for tho l ist
fi.i-tiF vcars. and lindiiiir Unit Ms prosecutive ami
lush fystem is spreaumg rormp ion uur.'iu
y . - . ' , . ' : ... ..I.. I
among the ineinuDouis oi iiiu unices wuiun mu gm
of tho Executive ; and believing that the beat form
nf iriivnrnnipiit cannot exist when tho extent and
iinlor i if inr-ra nersonal subserviency, instead ol
competency and integrity, are tho purports tu fix
ecutivo favor: und bolieving tlmt u period will tic
fixed to tho corrupt career of tho present miliums-
trufon bv the election uf Wm. 11. Harrison, the
uudersiffiieJ deem it their duty, for tho p.irp ool
more extended nud concerted action in hetra f o,
their country, that a union ami understanding in'
l i s niirnos,!! ha tunned U1' ail wuo uavu scccuei
from the ranks of Mr. Vui'l Bareu. Wo therefore
cull unon tverv republican who still cherishes the
principle, ot democracy, am: is ueieriuon u iu
trieve tho Republic from its dangerous und di.us
Irous condition, to join us in tho causo, to lend us
their aid. whilo bono vet exists, and to exert the
i-olleelivo force which union uives us.
Resolved. That we can no longer support the
present Administration, believing it to bo at war
with llm nriiicinlei uf Democracy, and engaged in
practices uliko destructive to (iio national prosper!
ty, moral integrity, und the simplicity ol' a Repub
Resolved, That we can neither support Martin
Van Uuren's scheme for entrusting tho purse, nor
Mr. Poinsett's projoct of centering iiiu control ol
stumliiiL' armv iii tho bauds ui tho Executive.
Resolved, Thut wo boliuvo not in llm doctrine of
reducing lha price of lubor and the tanners pro
duco to tho btuiul iid of any country but our own
and that, v.hcther it ba righteous to prevent th
nch I'ioiii becoming lichci or not, we iiLver i!
c'iucu! " m-he the !'n"i ""'I
CEASES TO DE DANGEROUS, WHEN REASON IS LEFT FREE TO CO Mil AT 7'."
FAYETTE, IMSSOl'KI, gATl'ltllAY,
Resolved, That tho unscrupulous means resorted
toby the present incumbent to continno his sway
over the land, loudly calls for the introduction of
the one term principle. And. finally,
Resolved, That we will struggle to mnlte Mr.
Vnn Burcn, in spite of himself, curry out this prin
ciple, by giving our cordial support to tho gallant
old soldier, whoso life of unsullied purity, patriot
ism, and deeds of conduct and bravery at Tippeca
noe, Fort Meigs, and the Thames, are a guarantee
that our interests will be sale in his custody for
the next four years.
Resolved, That nil persons disposed to become
members of tho Harrison and Porter Association
are requested to enrol their names with tho Secre
tary of this meeting.
Win. B. Foster,
S. J. Cooper,
t 'imrles lieod,
W. F. Stewart,
Win. Pent land,
II. C. MT'ailand,
V. Peebles, Jr.,
Jno. 11. Miller,
J. W. Gilsou,
R. M. Roed,
W. O'H. Robinson
On motion the following resolutions were adupt
Resolved, That, as ennsylvanians, it is our du
ty, as it is our pride, to stand by and support our
noble minded Gmcruor, who so firmly stood by tho
Commonwealth win n parly mndnes was about to
spread ruin from tho centre to its circumference.
On motion of Mr. Cowden, it was Resolved,
That this association accept tho invitation extended
to all the supporters of Gun. Harrison, to attend
tho Raising of tho Log Cabin in the city of Alle
gheny on the l-th inst.
On motion, the meeting adjourned.
WM'. B. "FOSTER, Tros't.
GEO. M'COMBS, V. Pres't.
W. O'H. Robinson, Sec'y.
WHAT MORE EVIDENCE IS NEEDED!
The pioneers who composed the two branches of
tholir-t Legislature ot the iNortli-we-tem territory,
in 17'J9,are now in their graves, with tho exception
of three; General Darlington of West Union, Judge
Hornet, of Cincinnati, and Judge Sibley of Detroit.
It must, be admitted that those persons know cor
rectly the principles and motives which govern them
and their colleagues, in the election of their first
delegate to Congress. They are, in fact, the only
living witnesses, who can possess that knowledge,
undtrived from others. They have all declared,
substantially, unequivocally, at different times and
without concert, that in 17'J'J, William Henry Har
rison was recognized as a Republican of the Jeffer
son school that ho was llie republican candidate,
supported by the democratic party; and that Arthur
St. Clair, Jun., was the federal candidate, supported
by the federal party. Nu;v who will not yield to
this testimony, would not be convinced, though the
deceased members should rise from their graves
and testily. Cincinnati Ua:etle.
From Duff Vixen's Pilot.
TO THE ORIGIONAL JACKSON MEN.
I address you because I was one among you.
We rallied for the great principles of Reform,
and our party was made up of the real bone and
sinew the honest hearted working-men ol llio
country. We had some of tho talent ami some
of the learned professions in our ranks; but the
great body ol tho party caved but Itltlo about
who was in office. The questions with us, was
not who is in office. it was, how are tho offices
administered? 1 soon found that Amos Kendall
and Martin Van Buren wero wolves in sheep's
clothing; that they had como into our ranks for
the sake of plunder, and I came out from among
them, and 1 told you that Amos was a hyprocita
an I a cheat; und that Martin was not to trusted.
You could not know them as I knew them,
and therefore you trusted them longer than 1
did. You have had more time, and their truo
character has been gradually developed, until
he that has but half an eyo can know them now,
because, by their fi aits shall you judge them.
party a v hensny o.ic thing, and do another, it is
proof thut they deserve iiqi to ba trusted.
I he following paragraph horn tho icksuurg
Whig Is characteristic of their leaders every
THE BONE AND SINEW.-.-Thc loco-focos
are cntemally prating of the bono and sinew of
the country as belonging to their party, und do
uouticing "whig lawyers," "whig merchants,"
and "whig doctors,' Tlu lone and sinew was
certainly vory ably represented in their meeting
on Thursday last. First came orator I'ullcn,
doctor nud speculator. .Second, J. V, Steven,
sun lawyer, and son of Andrew) Stccenson, min-
ister ice. Kurd, V . F . Kttchte, lawyer, ao
much for their orators. The Secretary was a
?oc'or tivo members of the committee to draft re-
solutions wero lawyers, tiro were Merchants, one
doputy sherilt und ONb mechanic, und not
one planter. Tlio officers of the "democratic as
sociation,, formed on that day, aro two lawyers
one post. master, two merchants and otie specie
hitiiig doctor. Not :i solitary mechanic 'rplan-
h r was clios.ui as uue oi the uhiccis. ::mn, a
coiiniiilto was appointed iu draft an address, and
on this coiiimitio rouB lawyers and one specula
ting doctor wi.s appointed, but no mechanic or
p'au'i r. 1 he central committee is composed ol
three lawyers, two doctors, two planters, and o.jk
mechanic. fc'J much lor the bono and sinew ol
OvEDWMELMISa WllIU ''FuU-NOUT ."
From seven to ten thousand J'reemoiat a "Log
Cal'iH Haising." Wo have only time to say in
this paper thai llie notice ofa lo' cabin raising at
Cherry Vally, on Friday 1 i.st, iliew together nt
th.it place from SEVEN TO TEN 1T10US.
AND freemen! It was the largest political
a ither'nig we believe ever kn nvn in this state.
Nothing could exceed the enthusiasm and good
feelings which pervaded the vast multitude. Ot
yESiiv Clay's eaulv Democracy. A late
i r .i . ii I :.. I ... ii l .1. .
Iltimoer Ol mu I ens) ivuiua iiiieiii,.iicei u is iiiu
following; Col. Johnson stated, durringhis speech
at lluJiisbiirg, llmt the fust timo ho ever re
membered taking oil' his coat to fight, was with
Henry Clay against tho supporters of llie alien
and sedition laws. He said, that, in argument.
Mr. Clay wielded a battle axe, whilo ho could
only haudlo a loniahawk; but uf lulu yeais, said
Col. Johnson, Mi. Clay ami myself have been
mi opposite sides. I must, however, say, that
he is iho pride- ol Keiilu diy, and although wo
hone lo curry ihu State next fall, it louks like
io-.pi.1U S'l!lil i. 'PC.- iV."Vt i: i'.IUl.
AIXil .ST 20, I s 1(.
SI HI? CHI OP .11 K.
O U Si E ,
On the Ciiil and Diplomatic Appropriation Rill.
Housr. of Rr.rtiEsr.NT.vnvr.s,
April 11, IS 10.
The House being in Committee uf the whole on
the bill making appropriations for tho civil and
diplomatic expenses of the tiovnrnmeiit for the
year lilt), Mr. Ojr.n, of Pennsylvania, moved to
amend the bill by striking out the following clause:
'For alterations and repairs of the President's
'house and furniture, for purchasing trees, shnilx,
'and compost, and for superintendence of the
grounds, threo thousand six hundred and si.viy-f.vo
Mr. OGLE said: Mr. Chairman. I rrmsider thi
is a very important item in the bill not as o ti e
amount, hut us to the principles involved in it. I
doubt much tun policy of this (iovrnmi-nt in cran-
ing the Chi';f Magistrate emolument-- or ruvcutH-s I
of tiny kind, over and above the fixed s-uhiry p-id i
to that ofici r cut of the Treasury of the lnit. d
States. Although most of our forai'tr President's
were in the enjoyment of soim of the-c! ud.-e;ri- j
tious revenue', T am well a-.varo that none of tln:n
retired from oluce with an over-abundant fortirie:
for, sir, no former Chief Muiri-trate ever nci.l
upon tho principle n itorio-isly udop'ed bv tlii urg
ent i..aimbeat. of r raid in:' tv: uion-'i r.''i? '.- t..V
with a l.iiish bind, a.iJ, nt the s.imn tinu', sarin j ,,'.
' "Wi .' p-trsimomi. Tho President, with
out, including many valuable iifidcntul emoluments, j c'
(.wnoroot l will speak lie-torn 1 conclude,) receive"
more than qimdruph tho sum paid to tho head of
either of the Departments, whilo the current pri.-ote
iiisaurser.ients ot tlio incumbent of tint hii'h sin-
tion, are certainly not greater than the expendi
tures uf one uf his .Secretaries. I there a trciitk'-
man on this tloor who does not believe that the
present Chief Magistrate "lays up," yearly, from
tst.",(K)il to ft'JD.OOO, and all hard luvnn at that .'
But, Mr. Chairman, I object to this appropriation
on higher grounds. I resist the principle on which
it is demanded, as anti-democratic us running
counter in Us tendency to the plain, simple, und
frugal notions of our Republican People. And I
put it to you, sir, and to the free citizens of this
country, whose sercaal the President, is, to say
whether, iu addition to the large su n of o-.n iii-n'-p:;ed
thousand dollaks which he is entitled to ro
coivooru single lenn of frar years, they are dis
posed to maintain, for his private accommodation,
A ROYAL ESTABLISHMENT at the cnstoft'n
nation! Will they longer fee! inclined to support
their chirf s' reanl in a PALACE us sjdai'li l as thai
if the Cics'trs, and as rich'y adorned as th-: pr nidcxl
Asiatic mansion! Have tho People chosen t'.at
servant to superintend the great and diversified in
terests of the nation ; or will they consent that bis
time shall be occupied with the vanities, luxuries,
and pleasures of life ! Do they demand that his
talents and all tho energies of his m,nd shall bo
devoted to the discharge uf the proper du'ios of his
stewardship, or will thev agree that ho shall ia.-ise
into the same sloth and olleniinacy which distin
guish the dwellers in other palaces .' Hive the af
fairs of the Peoplo been so advantagnnus'.y man
aged that tho servant specially appointed to take
charge over them may, without detriment to tho
Commonweal'.!), sink into "levity of manners," and
abandon tlio care of the public service, to " eat,
drink, and be merry V
Although I have a peculiar "disenchant m'nt" lo
discuss, on this Iloor, topics, which have an appear
ance of involving personal rather than political
considerations, still I am constrained by a sense of
duty to oiler some remarks in relation to the inci
dental revenues the annual proiits an 1 expeadi
turjs of the Presidant of tho United States the
magtnlicenl splendor nf his palace, and the pomp
ous ceremonials that "hold s'.vay" at his republic in
court, and which are bv many weU-moai.ing people
imagined to be: indispensable "to pres're-? din
nit;" of a Democratic Chief Magistrate, as of toe.
despot on a throne. I feel inclined, however, to
examine these subjects with all "decency und re
spect" for the "high oflicu" now filled by Martin
Van Burcn, and I trust with a proper disposition
"not to speak evil of tho ruler of my peoplo."
But, sir, t am not ignorant that, iu pursuing the
course which I have marked out, it will become ne
cessary to tread upon grounds that in former ages
of the world wore deemed, and in all despotic (iov
ments of tho present timo aro still considered,
"too delieato and sacred to be profundi" by tho
tongue of a plain citizen or subject. Who does
not remember that tho good Queen Elizaboih hesi
tated not to enjoin upon her Parliaments thai, i:
was improper "to deal, to judge, or to mi ! with
her majesty's prerogatim roym " .And history
fully informs us that nil such impertinent inter
meddlers were disposed of in the most summary
manner. I well know, therefore, tint I shall
awaken and rouse into action the b-iso and ma'ig
nant passions of tho fierce Cerberuses whieli guard
tho portals, und Iho well-fed placemen and oliice
holders, the fawning sycophants and other abett rs
of high prerogative, that environ the psisou of the
royal incumbent of the Presidential palace, with
the vain hope tint they can parry the well directed
arrows nf republican archers. i.iruu l, and snarl, t
and snap as these guardian Executive curs may. I I
shall neiertheless indulge myself o:i the topics iu- j
dicatcd, with a pretty liberal range of reni-ir;. I
will not, assuredly, bo restrained from the fullest
exercise of tho freedom of speech by the lieen'ious
course of thu accredited 'organ" cf Martin Van !
Buren. I refer to thu "Globe" a newspaper whi -h
receives its pabulum, not "from the crumbs wlii -h ;
full trout the rich man's table," but Iroai enormous
largesses and profitable contracts, vote,1, for its sin
tenapee fiuui the treasury of the I'e i:ih: a pan jr
that holds its existence by the f..'., t enure of .Mar.
tin V:i:i Daren's sovereign good piea.cre, u-;.l
ul.ich promulgates daily, through its b.-o.l pn-; .
not. tho thoughts and im.livei of the miserable s -avenger
whoso name it ostensibly weirs, hut the
wishes und designs of hi ile-poti mast -r-a pa", r,
sir, that, is published "UV AITllulUTV." Wi.at
honest man has r-ad, without feelings of buriueg
indignation, iu tlio recent lucubrations i.f li.is'v1':'.-
eialoreein," the foul, not t i s-iy bca-ily, u-.-.:..!:-aguiu-,1
the character and patriotism of the e .er
uMo and heroic defender of the li-dat-d honor ami
invaded rights of hiscoontry ; Who hasp ,: been
tired with tnger at behol.l.i.g in .r;i:i V..n I! i
reu's organ the false and malignant repr-. s -:i'aii ti
of the hero of Tiep -canoe as "a Mipcaiiuutc,! oh!
woman" "a pi, table d,tard"--"u gruiii'.j" a
"red petticoat general'' as the "l.ero of I'nty di
i'eats" as delivering "in iugaral addiVsses to pL s
and poultry" us "shut up in an iron cage, and
compelled lo wear an iron ma.-k, uud drink b-r-1
cider!'' "No other person (says the I. lobe of
Api :1 1 tl, 1" 10.) is permitted to coaie near him b it
an old servant waiter, who brings his meal-, him
performs THE NECESSARY DUTIES W Till-:
CACE. None of the domestic unimJs are allowed
to eouio neur the cage, and a favorite deg. Wilt I
RAN AWAY WITH lll.M IN ALL HIS i:T
TI.ES, having been observed to bi.rk very signifi
cantly, utter ail inlcrvii-iv with his uu-ler. was
forthwith knocked iu the head, uud thrown into the
1 usk yuu, Mr. Chairman, whether Martin Vun
Durcn manifests a 'decent respect" fur theopiu
ions uud intelligence of the American People, when
ho vilifies, through the agency of his official orbun,
an old soldier, who, ti rescue "th ms-inds of u o
mcn and children from the ncalpiug knife id' the
ruthless savage," freely abandoned ull the endear
ments ol' heme und family, tr.duicd the icy and
pieicing blasts ol n uih-weskru winters, wading
l.,s A ic ,.:(. , , j.r . ,.u 1 l-la-.k -j ' ate l
Vol. 1 lo. '-11.
uf Michigan and Upper Canada, sustaining, at
times, an almost famished nature upon "raw href,
without salt," and often perilling life on the Held
of battle ! Tuor simple-minded old veteran, he
was, no doubt, foolish enough to believe that, hav
ing given the best energies of his body and mind in
youth, manhood, and mature age, to serve and de
fend the honor, tho rights, the properly, and the
lives of his fellow-citizens, he would at least, in
common court-.-sv, In entitled to their re-pecl, if
not to their love and grititnde. He doubtless sup
posed that, nt nil events, his feelings would have
been spared the brutal assaults of the official organ
of nn individual who, in those soul-trying times,
wr.s acting in unison with tho "peace party," in
opposition to tlio virtuous James Madison that
good domocMti-: President who, in a special niee-
:l,r,s t,, l,(,n,.riw 1-,. , , I ; , ., I . ... O .. .--, ... ,1
lo Lopgress i, mi i.
ill nnnea to t be vr. ,,r i.f tl. nif ,., , tho i )e
nropr-r course to rm.ir.tain !' ' ( nor of its fbi" 1:
linen'. lil;.t this i ; t ..-..,..-, r. suitable re- .
ward lor the soldier's t oiU
ter 'after, let me ir.i;-iro, l.t,
he'-r and fire hi l.i'M-. iu tl
tu the "field of Inteie V r-
el -!-tg r-,
H he ll.c
e le-er ,.; tlmni r an
r, I !:n w the -?t"T
feelings of your los-it.i rev. t at t
Juuaru ready to tx -iaiei, f j-.-I id
d it, gratitude : and that you r.re
t" '.;(: ,
o-l f ".P
x'ejft the ii 'blQ-minde.l you1 h of tho ro
c-wsit tho ill-suit, and sustain the hard nir
:ei 1-uircis of th? br.v.-e-'d set cessHil co:
i the American artaie-: a rom-mumer who, ae-
n g to toe testimony ol Col. Ric.iard M. Johti-
i ti. "was Oi teucr in action loan anv other genera .
and ii- er sitstaineJ ad foil..'' And seeing that I
ii.,... l ..: .1 :..w,.i l t:i.,o I
LJ.uiioi. ,iiiu.i''":i-''s',o'.-..ii.iati''.i'iiiiiu iijui 1
i.i,t. i... ,!.. ; .!,"....i;t..!..i ..c irr-: !
'an Horeu. nj "r:d petticoat l.ero, "and "stiper-
ana.atcd d"tarl, 1 teel impeilid by a s'rong sense
of duty ( cast uido every tauitiment. of mere deli
cacy and to "cry aloud and s; are not" the abettor,
the cncourtie'er, and the re-pun db!j ueces'ary of
tliese base libel--. 1 sl.u 11 therefore claim the right
to discuss tho political principles-, the public endue',
am behuviur of Martin Van uuren, with that per
fect freedom which should characterize the it-dependent
representative of a "plain, honest, and
bravo constituency Where I discover meanness,
I will expose it to the contempt and loathing of
iionoraiue men ; w:it; i encounter ami .city, i shall j
maul its brazen head, and level it in the dust ; and :
where I detect corruption, i i.-hall run my spear j
into into its putrescent r?rcse, up to the very hut.
i . 1 1 i
In ll,o ,, mmol.nmo vi,1.,!- ,.,wl.!,.l !. ,' tl I
to strike out of iho bill tie: -ami of .-.-l.tio.), intended I Wvcs and Uraces, the Naiades and Uiyades Jol
for alterations ami ret-airs of the President's house, ! Bacchus and tho Bacchantes, Vulcan and his
and for the purchase of furniture, trees, shrubs,
and compost, and for stiprin'e:tdenco of the Tres
denl's grounds. The "site" of the Presidential
palace is perhaps not less conspicuous than the
Ring's house in many of the royal capitals uf Eu
rope. It U situate at ti.e inter section of four spacious
avenues, which ridiat" from '.his point as centre.
The "palace pile" is i.r.e hundred and seven'y feet
front, and cigbtv-si:: de'-u, and stands about the
centre of a plat uf ground cen aining twenty r.:res, j clossial eqncsirian stu'ue of Andrew Jackson with,
the whole whereat' is surrounded by firmly built tie ifc Kinderhook magician mounted on be.
stono walls and bmeeolated iron railing, with i-n- kind him. This statue 1 would have conspicu-po-ma,
P'-rtal abutments and well b irred iron ; 9usly r,aC0J upon lnc st0R8 balustrade which
Lafayette sfpiare, and the garden front to ti.e south
opens to an extensive view of the river Potomac.
As the palace is very accurately described by Mr.
Ehiot, iii his "Picture of Washington," I wiil read
a portion of that description :
"It i.i built uf v. Lite freestone, with Ionic pilas
ters comprehending two lofty stories of rooms,
crowned with a s one bel j-nrade. The north front
is ornamented with a lofty portico, of four Ionic
columns in front, and projecting with three columns,
i'lie outer intercuiumiiili'm is t'orca-iiagos to drive
into, and place company under shelterrthe middle
spa..-e is the entrance for "those visiters who coit.c on
foot ; the steps from both lead to a broad platform
in front of the- door of entrance. Tho Tar-den
front is varied bv having a rusticated basement
story under the Ionic oraonnance, and bv a semi
circular projecting' colonnade of six columns, with
two flights uf steps leading fro.n the ground to the I
level of the principal stury."
Previous to its ck-strueti -n by tho Briti-h army,
on the ti iih uf August, 11 1, there had been ex
pended in building the palaco the sum of three!
iillliilreil mu tliii-tv-throo tb,inniul ln-n bin,.lpr,,l
and seven dollars : an 1 -since that period the further
sum uf three hundred and nuo thousand four un-
unm atio ninety mx itonars ami iwenty-iive cents;
iti rebuilding the. iat,-ri-r. und in erecting the Iwo
splendid porticoes : making together the large
.....witiii. wi , wu oiu "in uu iiiv ru.il'.r roe-
tore II , in... I I nv llotbinw ntumt t!n i'.rn lil...--,l
sums that havu been expended from time to time
un the furniture, on i,7ee,sos- nii-l rnnir on ,l,.s
garden, grounds, stone wails, iron fencing, and for . maj'uiiy of the Atixr'can people, about ihc time
the "stubs" for the il s.'ai.'ej steeds'. It may I whereof I have been .speaking, were incautiously
bo proper further lu slate, that nil the disburse- i Ktl to believe that Mr. Ada. ns was a slavisii spend
meius for iron fencing, for stabling, nud for the iliri."t, and that his Admintstraiiou was not only
tne north and south
incurred since thu
tronts of the palace, have b -en J
admitiisiral b n of John t ' ' i i : i -v '
.iuains went on i-)t powr the porticoes alone not
ing ti.e sum of .j.1.70:) '-.'."). tireat improvemea:
ii.ive hern m ule within u few vrars past in the
PltE-sil'lINTS ilAUDEN. It' is situated, as he
toie ro:u-ir.'.d, o.t too south si.leol the pahic
is bi'li," ed to corre-p iiid iu its general arr
v. itn toe style and la-hun i f sotne of the
.tied royal gardens iu England. It lias
iee cdle tioii of both native plants and e-mauv-
of the: latter having been gathered iVjiu
,t cv ei-v
i g: e
. t 10:
it c -re"
b c.i d wr
sc.ile, i, I.
TV au.i : .:
' eeb brated
iria: tly. 'lh
'. .. ry i tea-iv,
I ue ey
in '10 :
" in every diroeti.m. X.,r diiiuM I leihl t-i
u 'ha1, ia ud.liti in to tin r.iie.e.-ea . f.aii.i s
t .lip, t he lily, 'ho pli-.l;, t ae i-o-o, a'. ! u;.-i ;)v
nil other s.eet :!..-A er- and shre1-, ., a;
.-r- i f ! aitlt.-nt Nature adi. i-re, the g,irii..-M
i s some iecedipg!v rare b a:mi '.ii noil
ml spot ii:i'-i!, und t',T the "1 er.tlit of the
iti.tu." I give the "p jli u" uad tii.' "i aljar"
aale-, of a fe.s of them :
II. r rdhi 1'lava, False F-X liinc
S lida ;o I.ai.ee-.i'.ala, '. I Idea .Mad
t'r-mtiuni A-) i:.tic nn. 'iohl'ii Club.
Ciruei Can ideiiilis, Enebatiter's Nigh'sl a h.-.
Ib-tieociiph ilimi Virgiui-iiriiii, 1'rug n's Head,
aururus Corn ins, I.i. tard s 'lh.il.
l'lenanthes Ser,eui.;:.-,.i, l.i i,i"s I'o--.t.
I iphioglossuai '.'ulg.'tuin. Adder's T 'tig'ii'.
Miiiiiilus A I it us, hh.-ihey l'loa.T.
I'leuiatus Odor at i, Virgin's I'.ow.-r.
Viola I'riie.u'ifo'ia, Heart's Case.
.M iculuta, Toeeli me-ii 't.
But, sir, be.
csiiics iuo.se i:iic, nun no u.
. i . i ,
I.f r vaiie.
ly in tin
e. there arc some iu
ivated pretty cxteu-ivi
President's garden, whieli aildiess t!,e.r.se!ves for
adiii'ralion mure immediate ly to llm palate than to
the eye of the beholder j..!i a3 fine Nesh.iiioik
pot.ilucs, honest diuinhead and early Yoil; cab
ba p ;-, white and red sugar and pickle beets, iimr
lotti'at pi es, liir.ols, paimips, iVc. iVe., with
abuudniice of the fiagiiria Vii'giu'.-j, or s'.i jwber
ry, the dewbeny, ru.-beny, itc. la tlpnt, sir,
ihc I'lcudent s
bcanlie-', its lie,
Kid ''' ':'s, i:
;.iiileii, in all His
, kIiiuIls, vine
Ol pit'l-'t k'.eo
'mi nis mid
luos and magnificent palace. I may add, tlut
we have been informed, by an official report com
nitinicfited to Congress in December last, thdt,
during the pan session, "llie public grounds at
the Capitol oud PitEsinExt's Mansion have been
mitl. frilly attended toby the PUBLIC GAR
DENER AND THE HANDS UNDER HIM.
The trees hare brcn skillfully pruned and trained,
many choice ornamental trees and shrubs have
been planted; and the plots, borders, and gravel
walks hare been kept in suHi-.moa oud eh." Tho
report might have ulso stated, with perfect truth,
inai men nuu uccri lined 17 the Uovcrnincnt, and
J paid out of thegpublio Treasury, lo pick vp the
'falling hares, ,-nid pluck tip by ihc roots tho
xniilhiutlt spinosuiii ami rumex ncctosella, or, ho.
coiding to vulgar "lingo,'' burdock and sheep
As the President's garden is enclosed by a high
stone wall, and as the gates are rencrally secured
with locks, very few persons, 1 have been in
formed, visit it, except I. y special invitation, or in
company with the President or some member of
his household. The exclusion, however, docs
not extend lo Members of Congress, .some of
whom, (and more especially such as ure favorites.)
. is, daring every long
----o, e,....nu a b.ivii iiiioueu u.e l-.ii-
e'len and adjacent grounds. The present session
i . . f . . i . s; t - i , , t i .
Is my ivfriu at v assiinaoi!, hum l nave Ijccn in
;i;c- araeii twice, Dut on tjoln occasions, we
(another member was in company) were comnellcrl
, , '
on reaching the wtstc, n end ol the carden. I
j. 'amber over the stone wail, finding iho gates
In regard to the progressive improvement of
the c round;, mi l garden of tho President, v-tiious
e:-g---::ons have recently been made and partic
ularly by individuals whoso taste and nice dis
ci iminn-.ion (in matter-' of luxury and refinement)
i i i - ii.. ,
nave ueen greatly improved uy a visit lo toe mug
n'.fieient gardens at tho palace of Versailles, and
to some of the rich and sumptuous parks and
, i i
ing to the Crown of England. It
is supposed by these persons that the I res, dents
grounds would present a mora complete and fm
iahed appearance by erecting Parian marble bal.
us'.rades on either side of the main gravel walks;
by building some twenty or thirty minature tern,
pies and pavilions at regular intervals along and
edjaceni to the southern outer wall; by construct
ing live or six artificial lakes and fountains to pour
their silver waters through the mouths of "huge
river gods and sea-horses,' with double tho num
ber of jets d'enu to fill the atmosphere with sprey
anu vapor, lo these improvements u.igh;
be added two r.i- three l.u vlrrrl th.-ef s nf tl,
apor. lo these improvements might well
. - . .. . i
cass 0f Italian statuary such, for inst'inee, as
;,. Mei-r.nr-,. Diana. W,,,,.
-F.olus, Apollo, Venus cle Medects, the
Cyclops, 7eicules, Pan, Plotu', M:da.-, and the
Dragon that guarded the Golden Apples in ihc
garden of the Hesperides.
There is only one other ornament which mcy
with great propriety be procured, inasmuch as it
would serve to il lustratc and perpetuate in a suita
ble form the truth of a vety important historical
even', and that ornament should be a bronze
ctowi.s the palace. Before tho edministiation of
J . . A lams, the appropriations for improving the
President's grounds had been very trilling. Du.
ring his term, however, two considerable sums
were voted by Congrecs for that purpose The
first of these grants was five thousand dollais by
the act of the 2-5th of February, 1S23, for L cell
ing grading und improving llie President's
square. The second grant was five thousand
eight hundred and sixty. live dollars by the act of
V -""j" r'J ".J' g'ua.
I ald ""roving the public grounds.
j 1 nor 10 disburseineut of these appropriations,
i the g;ounds presented a rude, uneven, and shape
,t... o.i.i r.... 1 q ,i r..- :..: . I. .i. - r. i
less appearance; not a few of tho pristine sandy
knolls and s.null hollows still remained. The
fenci.ig too was quite imperfect; but, by the txer
cise of a co.iimendable economy in the expendi
ture of the sums iiift mentioned, and bv the appli.
,ca ion of money in the most leii-Jieial manner
to accomplish the ohjccls contemplated by the laws,
the grounds of iho President weie brought into
the fences were put in cxi elh.-i.t
j order, the 'high' hills v.vie
e i:!.i"i:, and the
: tit-cp vaiu s were npeios.no ,
; grounds, by'the close of Mr. Ad
'wore a style and finish ipiite ;
and the cnt'uc
am s l residency,
i-Ceptable to the
f.ip ,.a i, ,1 ,
ut ot our plain, republic, in lar-
liters. liU a new order ol limit's was soon des.
lined to take place. You, sir, and I. and a largo
; y.itt'iriiiy cstr-ivngnii'. o. it mat it was lanm v
vcig-iig tiie very cuiifiiies of iiiounia.hy, in ihc
iiuigiiificieiit decoraiioiis uf the Presidential pal
a -e, and by tne stu lie'd intro-liiction of court ceie
' iiioinals. Yuu doubtless well remember the
1 voluminous reports nud the indignant dVuunci.
a'.i..i;s up th, fruitful themes of extravagance and
' aiistoci,.ey ih.n were .-.'read bel'oic the country
j by toe rei.ju-ucd ch.tiiipioiis of ecouumy in botii
I ou.-es of Congress, during the newr-io be-fo. got.
ilea winter of 1S2T Vou. s'r, cannot fail,
j too, to recollect the lugubiious homilies which
: w. re .hen a 1, Ire-sod ti all pious and devout
(.'iiiis'.iaiiS in reiatioil to the pan base by President
Adonis ..i a billiard table, billiard bails, cues and
: chc.ss-.uca. Ail the.-- Joiemu i.-xhorlaiioiis wcu
but llie Iiaibir.gi.-i8 of iho memorable era uf re
! i'niul tl.eu about oviTukiits the Administration iu
! its supposed headlong departure from the pure
prceepis of ihc In).':!, .simple, democratic days
ui' the lathers oi the 1! -publ'i :. Tie pruning hooh
o' rc'reuehinuif was about being ushered in u
j lop oil' ml superfluous expenditure ns "skillfully"
I as the same i:e!"ul implement at this day pru.ies
1 the lcJiiiidaut bimit-hc from the trees iu th- pal
' ace g u'deii. The h'ukory broom was also lo In;
, iiiiiuiluecd in order to scrub away the fiidi; cob
j webs of aristocracy then believed to be in the pro
j cess of weaving within the very precincts of the
palace itself. The Augean stable was likewise
I to be i leaii.sed by the lei'oruiers, a mighty work
and which in days ol" yore rupiiied llie labors of
Hercules an 1 no niiirve! for history informs
i us lli ii t three thousand oxen had been confined in
its stalls many vears.
Weil, the reformers ,".li,i;ncd lo tho full enjoy
ment ol the powers of the Government in March
'2'M mid ltd-.', Mr. Chairman, I almost feci in-cliiii-d
to resume my chair a low moments until
we may oil contemplate in silent admiration, the
siiaugo result of tlial most unique .system of re
formation which hud the umiiilic wouls "He-r;;r.sM.-iiMtM
.ui) Rf.iokm" insciibtd on itsflauii
ting baini r. A icfuiiilaiion that has persevered
in encouraging "rctcn Itineitt" until iilias reduced
the annual expenditures of the (Jovetument fiom
the riiormoitsly piodtgul amount of thutecn ml-
1 Ii )n down lo llie lulling sum of thirty nine mil-
1 linns ol dollais.
A ia foi, nation which has so rx
l '.ll't'.i ft .1; liicii'!-, ihu' iLv