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Ohio Agntnat the World I .
Ml BCNDRED THOUSAND FRESHEN IN COUNCIL ! !
' THE MIAMI VALLEY CONVENTION ! ! !
Th Utile is fought tin victory won ! A goes
Ohio, now, so goe th Union ! And as jpent the
Miami Valley on the llrth inst., o4f?ll go the
.Stat o th 30th October. 0R hundred thou
sand Freemen in CounncilI Let Mat worfpass
round I Carry il. ye patriotic father and ye glo
rious mothers, to the hearths and hearts of your
families I Shout it, ye noble end high-souled
youths, from the recesses of every valley and the
heights of every mountain in the land ! Bear it
ye breezes of the Western World, to every ear in
this broad Univers I So shall the drooping spirits
of Liberty's children revive : so shall the consclen
ces of selfish and ambitious rulers shrink wiiliin
themselves, and quail with terror : so shall a sense
of Hope, and Promise, and Assurance, fall as a
gentle refreshing dew, upon all virtuous hearts.
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND!
It f re useless to attempt anything like a de
uilrd description of this Grand Gthekino of
the people. We saw it iujett it all and snail
bear to our graves, live wo yet half a century, the
impression it made upon our hearts. But we cannot
describe it. No eye that witnessed ir, can convey
to the mind ot anouier, even a rami scinniance oi
the things it there beheld. The bright and glorious
J0y the beaulitul and hospitable city the green
clad and heaven-blessed valley the thousand rings,
fluttering in every breeze and waving from every
window the ten thousand banners and badges,
with their appropriate devices and patriotic inscrip
tions and, more than all, the hundred thousand
human hearts beating in that dense and seething
mass of people are things which those alone can
properly feel and appreciate, who beheld this grand
est spectacle of Time.
Of a few points only can anything like an ade
quate idea be given; and to give this, is all wc
. , THE GATHERING
Bennn early in the week. On Monday and
Tuesday delegates were continually dropping in
bv tens and twenties ; on Wednesday by fifties and
hundreds ; and on Thursday, from the rising of
the sun, by thousands and triple thousands. Ihe
whole country, for from fiflv to sixty miles in every
direction, hid for weeks been in a state of active
preparation. Willi a slight modification or Ian
diiiiitp. the lines of Mrs. Hemans may here be
quoted, as appropriate : fur throughout all this re
"The chief was arming in his hail,
The peasant by hi hearth
and when the day arrived, adopting the words of
"From many an ancient river.
From many a hill and plain,
They gathered to deliver
The land from Faction's chain !"
And such a gathering, fur ruch a purpose, eye had
never till then beheld ; nor of such, so much are the
people habituated to entrust their most important
: r . . s ... it I I i
easiness 10 agents ana negieci u meiiiseites, oau
it hardly entered into the heart of man to conceive.
The People were assembled : it tney were not,
there is no People The Democracy of the State
were gathered together : if they were not, there j
The Order which had been adopted by the Com
mittee of Arrangements, was, that by half past 8
o'clock in the morning the different delegations
should form in procession with their music, ban
ners, etc, and go out to meet General Harrison
on the Old Springfield Road ; and that, after being
joined by the General, they should return, by
First street from the Old Springfield rond, then
march up First street to the corner of Wilkinson,
down Wilkinson to Second, down Second to Main,
down Main to Sixth, down Sixth to Jefferson, up
Jefferson to Third, and on Third to the National
Hotel. And, as far as possible, this order was
carried into effect. About 9 o'leock, the Marshals,
twentv-eirhl in number, acting under Charles An
derson, Grand Marshal, succeeded in forming the
This extended several squares in length, eight
abreast, and seemed hurdly to have thinned in the
slightest degree the immense throng that crowded
the streets and side-walks an hour before. It
moved off, while other delegations were forming
and fulling into the rear. But the Marshals soon
found, that they hud something to deal with differ
ent from delegates of the people. The people tliem
sdves were present, nnd regarding this, naturally
enough, as business of their own, chose to onilucl
it in their own way. Impatient of restraint, and
longing to see the Old Soldier under whose banner
they had enlisted, they dashed off by hundreds and
thousands in wagons, on horseback, and a foot,
passing the head of the procession, filling the
bridges, and almost completely blocking up the
road for two miles into the country. Through
this dense mass of men, women and children, a
line of procession which had but one end and that
the beginning, made its way with much dilliculty,
til! the opprouch ofGenerul Harrison, accompanied
by Ex-Governor Metcalfe of Kentucky, both
mounted on line steeds, was annouueed. A halt
was then ordered, the line dividing and its mem
bers taking their stations on either side of the
mad. In a few minutes the General came up, sit
ting on his horse nobly, and showing himself to
be -truly the Soldier and Freeman. On the instant,
peil after peal of the most deafening acclamations
rose from the bosom of that lone valley, and rent
the heavens. Too much affected for words, al
most overcome indeed, by the strength of the feel
ing of gratitude which filled his breast, the ob
lect of this'fcproud and unparalleled reception,
passed on, a plain and unpretending citizen of one
jf the States of this Union, returning in silence
the salutations of his fellow countrymen, but
speaking his gratitude from every feature of his
countenance, and from a bosom visibly swelling
with emotions too deep for utternnce.
As the General passed on, the line closed agnin,
and made its way back to the city with almost as
mnch difficulty a it had found in proceeding out.
The people constituted now, as before, a compact
mass, through which the procession had to force
its way at every step ; and to this denseness it is
owing more perhaps than to any thing else, that
in so immense an assemblage of persons with
horses, carriages and wagons, and of niuny hun
dreds without either, not a single accident happen
ed. So jammed together was the mass, Hint nne
could move only as another made way for him :
nnd hence, fur the greater part of the lime, every
thing went on with most deliberate, and, under the
rircumstances, most fortunate disorder. Sn soon
as the throug re-entered the city, the greater por
tion of it dispersed through tho different streets,
(of a most convvnient width,) and tho marshal
were enabled in a measure to carry out, from this
point, their original order or proceeding. What
occurred after thin, till tho dismissal uf the differ
ent delegation for refreshments, the huzzas from
grey-headed patriots, as the significant banners
borno in the procession passed their dwellings, or
the balconies where they had stationed themselves:
the smiles and blessings, and waving 'kerchiefs, of
the thousands in fair women who tilled the front
window of every house; the loud and heartfelt
acknowledgments of their marked courtesy and
generous hospitality, by the different delegations,
sometimes rising the same instant from the whole
line; Ihe glimpses, at every turn of the eye, of
the fluttering told or some one or mora of the
614 flags which displayed their glorious stars and
stripes from the tops of the principal houses in
every street ; the soul-stirring music, die smiling
bcavor.s, the ever-gleaming banners, the emblems
and mottoe that spoke in thunder-tones of a Na
tion' wrongs; is not all this written in charac
ter which can never be effaced, on the hearts and
in the memories of every on who beheld it ?
Truly it is and there it must remain. No tongue
jn reUte.no pen can describe it.
Between one and two o'clock P. M. the military
companies of Dayton and Hamilton, and the Citi
zen Guards of Cincinnati, with a number of the
Delegations, escorted General Harrison, who was
now accompanied by Ex-Governor Motcalfe, Col.
Chambers of Kentucky, Colonel Christie of New
Orleans, and other distinguished gentlemen pres
ent, to the Speakers' Stand, which hud been erected
in a broad plain, bounded on one side by an emi
nence of some ten feet, nearly a mile east of the
city. This eminence, and the space between it and
the stand, had been fur half an hour filled with a
multitude as closely crowded together as men well
could be. Other preceded the escort out, and by
the time of its arrival, had filleJ the grounds to
the west of the stand for an equal distance, and
almost as compactly. The crowd opened to the
the carriages, and closed so quickly upon them, that
the military and delegates, who had been walking
ten abreast, had to change their order to single file,
and then most of the latter found it impossible to
penetrate the mass.
Upon the Stand, General Harrison was welcomed
to Dayton, on behalf of the citizens of the town
and vicinity, by Judge Crane, in a felicitous and
feelin? manner. The Judge's roferenco to the ca
lumnies which had been recently visited upon the
head or the Ueneral, was received by the assem
bled multitude with a feeling of deep indignation
at his slanderers, and a low but universal murmur
against their baseness ; but when he made & rapid
survey of tho many and great services which the
Old Hero had rendered his country, in cival as well
as military stations, the shout that went up showed
that the hold which Gen. Harrison has upon the
respect and affections of the people, is nrdent,
decp-rooteu, ana not o; a nay.
Commenced his response, and his speech to the
people, by a leeling allusion to tho glorious recep
tion which had been given him. "But," said he
"tellow-cilizens, 1 have not the vanity Tor one mo.
ment to suppose that any service which I may
have rendered my country, or any personal respect
or anection lor me, has thus drawn you by thou
sands and thousands from your homes. I know
that it is a much deeper and keener feeling, a much
more important consideration, that has brought
yon here. It is the crime Ihe great and good cause
fellow citizens, which we have all espoused, that has
drawn you thus together, from your remote homes.
t take counsel of each other, and to reason togeth
er touching the common good.
Genera', Harrison then alluded to the silly
charge, so often made against him by his political
opponents, that he "was in the habit of concealing
his opinions,- and could not be induced to express
them." He remarked, as every body knows very
truly, that so far from there being any truth in
this charge, he had been a plain and free spoken
man all his life, and had especially, during the
first canvass in which he was a candidate for the
Presidency, written and published his political sen
timents, time and again, in almost every possible
form. It was true, he said, he had declined giving
any actual "pledger as to his conduct in certain
events, should he be elected to the high and re
sponsible ofiice of Uuef Magistrate of the United
States. His active life had been a long one ; and
he believed that a much belter guarantee for the
correct conduct of a Chief Magistrate, could be
found in his known character and the course of his
former career, than in any pledge he might give
during the heat ot an octive canvass and the pen
denry of a doubtful contest. He had never denied
or doubted the right of the people to be informed
of the leading political opinions of candidates for
offices of trust; but on the contrary, was clearly
and entirely ot opinion, that their sentiments
shou'd le clearly expressed and well understood
He had always so expressed his.
General Harrison spoke for about nu hour, in his
most interesting manner, vindicating himself from
iti6 aspersions or nis enemies, and establishing
what he said, as he wont along, by evidence which
Senator Allen and his like would be very fur from
attempting to controvert, it confronted by the au
thorities adduced. Towards the close of his
speech, he declared himself to be a warm friend to
a good credit system; "for," said he, "without
credit, what had now been tho condition of this
beautiful Miami Valley, green and smiling in the
richness and exuberance of Natnre, and whose
thousands and thousands of independent popula
tion surround us at this moment 1" "Establish to
morrow," he continued, "the hard money system,
so much lauded of Jute as opposed to a good system
of credits, and ten years from this time, every man
now rich will be rivher, and every man now poor
will be poorer."
General Harrison, we are told by those who wero
on the eminence at the east, was heard distinctly
throughout his speech at Ihe distance of four hun
dred I'HH Iromtho stand. He was frequently in
terrupted by loud and long plaudits, and touched,
by his frankness and simplicity, a chord in thou
sands of bosom, that will thril! fur life with the
recollection uf the day and the occasion.
COLS. CHRISTIE AND CHAMBERS,
The former of Now Orleans, the latter one of
the well known and gallant volunteer aids of Gen.
Harrison in the battle of the Thames, spoke after
the General, in the order in which we have named
them. Col. Christie was a private at Fort Meigs,
and testified to the bravery, firmness, and military
ability exhibited by his old commander during the
celebrated siege of that post, in a manner which
must have put to shame hosts of those who have
been induced by their profligate political leidersto
raise thecry ogains-t Gen. Harrison of "cowardice,"
and "incompetency," had they been present to
Col. Chamber's speech was full of important
matter, and enlivened by frequent sallies of real
humor. He gave a narrative of the battle of the
Thames, which he should be induced to write out
for publication. Handling Col. Johnson as one fir
whom recent circumstances had given him a feel
ing allied to contempt, yet as one of whom, on
account of his past services, he would wish to
speak nothing harsh, he took hold of the great
"Petticoat Hero," Senator Allen, and held him up
before tho searching fire of his sarcasm and re
buke, turning him first this way and then that,
casting him now here and now there, as the blis
ters were seen to riso upon his epidermis, very
much as a log cabin house-wife manages roasting
goose, till nearly every one present must have had
a feeling of pity fur the Ajax of Locofocracy in
THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE PRESENT
Was, during the v. hole of the morning, variously
estimated at from seventy-five to ninety thou
sand. Conjecture, however, was put to ret in the
afternoon at the Speaker's stand. Here, while the
ground was compact, us we have elsewlicie de
scribed it, and during tho speech of Gen. Harrison,
the ground upon which it stood was measured by
three diltorent civil engineers, and. a lowing to
the square yard four persons, the following results
were arrivou at : too nrst made it 77,oUU, the sec
ond 7o,000, ond tho third 00,(100. During the
umo oi maKing inose measurements, the number
of square yards of surface covered was continually
changing, by pressure from without and resistance
from within. This fact accounts satisfactorily for
tho slight difference in the results attuined, and
shows that that difference strengthens, insteud of
weakening, the probable correctness of the calcu
lations. No one present would have pretended
that there were less than twenty thousand without
the limits of the aduieatureiuent in the city, saun
tering about the environs, scattered around the
booths where refreshments were vended, and lying
in lurge groups upon the plain discussing affairs
of state and making speeches for themselves. This
will swell the number congregated at the Miami
Vulley Convention, including the citizuns of Day.
ton, (whose population is between five and six
thousand,) which we do, to ubout O V? IIU V
DllliD THOUSAND T.U is what in roi.iio
number we have placed at the head of our article,
and this is what, by those who have been much
moia in the habit of estimating than we havo, it
was estimated at. Fur our own parts, we would
make uo estimate : w should not have known how
to go about (be first strp accessary to tha forma
tion of any opiuion, which we would like to has
ard, upon the subject. Happily, actuat survey and
calculation reliove u nf the necessity of any thing
of this kind , and therefore, the -
CONVENTION OP 100,000.
Will send it voice abroad, startling Ambition
while at it charts, and striking with terror, in
their very paloce halls, the USURPERS of the
powers and down-treader of the prosperity of the
Presided over the Convention, and was speaking,
in his peculiar and forcible manner, when, at half
past 4 o'clock, we left the ground.
several incidents ot a very interesting character,
which we had intended to notice in this article,
must await another day.
From the Albany Evening Journal.
LOCO FOCOISM USING ITSELF UP.
The Delegates to tho Van Buren State Conven
tion were called on for an estimate of the result of
the election in their respective counties. The esti
mate has fallen into the hands of a friend who has
sent us the following copy. Il is authentic. The
estimate, of which this is a copy, was partly in the
hand writing of the late Attorney General Beards-
ley. Mow see atwhat frail planks Loco r ocolsm
grasps to save itself from sinking:
Van Buren Harrison
Fulton & Hamilton, 250
Litiirants who find themselves in court without
testimony to sustain their action, give a cognovit.
Offenders when the ease is too clearly against
them frequently'plead guilty and throw themselves
upon the mercy oi tne court the L,oco-rocos,
instead of trumping up this loose, absurd "esti
mate" had better "give it up," and throw them
selves upon the mercy ot the Whigs.
Wc have only to spread this bald estimate be
foro the People to show the utter hopelessness and
desperation of Van Burenism. It is a confession
of weakness which must strike terror into the
hearts of those who make it ! With such an ad
mission, made by his own Delegates, coming di
rectlv from the People, Van Buren must prepare to
take leave of his Wine-Coolers, his Liquor-Stand,
and his Daily Roses.
Of the 34 counties here claimed for Van Buren,
10 at least will go for Harrison. They claim 3000
in Now York merely because that majority is abso
lutely necessary to enable them to beat us on pa
per. The claim of 900 in Delaware, 600 in Madi
son, and 900 in Rockland, will shame Loco-Foco-ism
itself in those counties. And tbn pretence that
Onondaga, Oswego, Kings, Lewis, Queens, Rich
mond, Saratoga, Schenectady, Ulster, &.C will go
for Van Buren, turns the whole estimate into ridi
But let us turn a moment to the Whig column.
Iu almost every county our majority is put fifty
per cent, too low. Albany and Rensselaer will
each give nearer 800 than 400 Whig majority.
Alleghany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Cortland, Essex,
Franklin, Jefferson, Monroe, Niagara, Ontario,
and Orleans, will give more than double the ma
jority allowed. Chautauque will give from 2000
toa&m r.rie will give 31HM instead of200U.
Genesee w ill give at least 3500 instead of 2500 ;
and we will pay Mr. Croswell a dollar a vote for
every vote that General Harrison fulls short of
2000 majority in old Washington, if he will pay
us the same amount for every vote that Gen. Harri
son receives in tint county over 1500.
I'KOM THE MAD1HONIAN.
"General Harrison fought more battles than
any other General during the last war, and ne
ver sustained a defeat." This undeniable state.
ment was repeated by Henry Clay to the great
gathering of the people at Nashville, and was
answered by shouts ol enthusiastic applause from
many thousands of freemen. The Richmond
Enquirer comments most disingenuously on the
part which the illustrious Kentucky Senator bore
on that occasion. We give credit to the editor
for trampling in the dust the misciable imputa
tion against General Harrison's courage, made
by Blair, Kendall & Co. although it would
havo been eminently discreditable, had he dono
otherwise, But with what fae can he pretend
to take exception to the terms in which the Ken
tucky Senator spoke of the veteran Hero, patriot
ana statesman! tie exclaims "What shall we
say to the extravagant compliment which Mr.
Clay pays to Gen. Harrison?" What shall you
say? We will tell you. Look to your files o
After censuring the conduct of somo of the
American officers, you, Mr. Ritchie, suid:
"Brave as American troops have been, they
fought, they bled, nnd but for unfortunato circum
stances, they would have conquered, fc-'eck them
where you will, you find them biavo, heroic and
enterpiising. In the walls of Detroit, they were
betrayed by Hull. Un the banks of the Raisin
they snatched a laurel in spite of the improvi
dence ot weir uoncrai ana me snows which sur
rounded them. On the heights of Qucenstown,
they won even the applause of a most ferocious
enemy. At York and 1'ort George, they per
formed deeds which did them honor, and would
have dono more, if they had been seconded by
the activity of thoir leader. On the Thames tliey
have been crowned by a brilliant victory, because
they had a HARRISON to lead them. New
glories would have encircled them at Montreal,
if their commanders had led them to its wall.
Give us officers but worthy of these men, and no
troops in the woild would be able to vanquish
"Where are we to meet with such a leader?
By what qualification are we to know him when
we see him? He must not be merely brave, but
bold, enterprising, and decisive; always seeking
for information to regulate the blow. He must
be abstemious in hi habits, not too much devoted
to the pleasures of the table; but his mind al
ways devoted to the exercise of arms. He must
have an eagles eye, forever on the watch inspec
ting the condition of hi camp, and inducing ev
ery responsible officer to intend lo the die-charge
of his duly' Sloth and indolence must (lee from j
iii presence. Hit officers respect and Icar him,
while hi men love and fear him. He i ambi
ttous of fame, but he studies how best to deserve
it. He is attached to arms; not so much be
cause it is his business as his pleasure.
"II any one asks us where such a man is to be
met with, we answer, to the best of our abilities,
n the man who has washed away the disasters at
Detroit, who had every thing to collect for a new
campaign, and who got every thing together; who
waded through morasses nnd snows, and sur
mounted the most 'frightful climate' in the Union
the man who was neither to be daunted by dis
asters nor difficulties under any shape, by the
skill oi tho civilized or the barbarity ol a savage
foe; the man who won the hearts of the people
by his spirit, the respect of his officers by his
zeal, the love of his army by a participation of
their hardships; the man who was finally tnum
phantover his enemy, such a man tt WILL
1AM HENRY HARRISON."
The Cincinnati Gazette gives the following"
Among the late changes from Van Buren to
Harrison and reform, giving reasons for their re
cantation, we notico the following:
Forty-one in Montgomery county, Ohio.
Twenty-sewn in Huron co. O.
Seventeen in Lucas co. O.
Nineteen in Coshocton co. O.
Six in Sciota co. O.
Ten in Miami county, O.
Ttccntytwo in Ashtabula co. O.
One hundred and three in Cayuga co. N. Y
Five hundred at Rochester, N. Y.
Seventeen in Broome co. N. Y.
Twenty.lhree at Attica, N. Y.
Twelve in Niagara co. N. Y.
Eleven at Norridgewock, Me.
Twenty-four in Bridgetown, Me.
Fifteen Mechanics, Newark, N. J.
Twenty five in Susquehanna co., Pa.
Ten in Alleghany co., Pa.
Seven in Parkersburg, Va.
EiglUy-two in Columbus, Geo.
Thirty five in Memphis, Tenn.
Thirty-five in Warren county, Tenn.
One hundred and nineteen in Blount county
Twenty-two in Northfield, Vt.
Fourteen in Colchester Vt.
Samuel Terry and ten others from one Van
Buren Committee, in falrick co, va.
Five hundred and ten names are enrolled as
members of the Whig committee of Vigilance, in
Washington county, Va., where at last April
election the Whigs only polled Mo6 votes.
Dr. Davis, of Tennessee, late Delegate to the
Van Buren Baltimore Convention, that did not
nominate Col. Johnson, has renounced Van Bu
ren and all his works, and turned from the error
of his way.
So has Do Lorma Brooks, an able and honest
lawyer, late of New Libson, now of Wheeling
So has Mr. Beeson. Van Buren candidate lo
the Legislature in Indiana.
And Mr. Layman, of Putnamville, late Van
Buren Delegate to the Baltimore Convention.
And G. D. Ruggles, a leading Van Buren man
in Lewis county, JN. Y.
D. C. Croswell and Aaaron Palmer, of Greene
co., N. York, have renounced.
Wm. Fairbanks, of Easton, Md., has done
There are hosts ef others, but we have no more
"The 'Stale Eagle,' an ably conducted weekly
paper published at Hartford, Connecticut, has just
expunged the name of Van Buren from the head
of its leading column and enlisted in the people's
cause, under the banner of the people's candidate.
The editor, in commencing a manly and conclu.
sive article, informing his readers of the change,
and slating his reasons for abandoning the Ad
ministration party, says:
'TO THE PUBLIC.
'Those who have been accustomed to look inlo
our paper from week to week, will no doubt at
once discover that the names of Martih Van Bu
ren and Richard M. Johnson no longer occupy a
conspicuous p'laco in our columns. As an active,
thoush hamWe partner in that distinguished firm.
we this day publicly dissolve our connection if
net by 'mutual consent, wtth the hearty approval
of our own conscience. In other words, as a
friend and supporter of the present Administra
tion, we have issued our last sheet."
Holland's life of Van Bures. Our
readers may remember that a committee in Illi
nois, a couple of months ago, asked Mr. Van
Buren several questions, and "among others,
whether Professor Holland's Biography of htm
was correct. Under pretence of having heard
that a forged edition of that woik was in circula.
lion, he declined answering their questions until
they should send him a copy of the book to
which they referred. They promptly sent him a
copy, but his contemptible manoeuvro enabled
him to put off his reply till after the Illinois
election. He has since replied, and this is the
ihe closing paragraph of his letter:
"The publication sent to me by Mr- Alexander.
is a genuine copy of the first edition of Professor
lloUawis work. 1 herewith return it, with the re
mark that it was written without communication
with me, but contains as fur as it goes, a substan
tially correct history of my political course
I am, gentlemen, respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
M. VAN BUREN.
Well, in the edition thus sanctioned by Mr.
Van Buren as genuine and correct, the annexed
passage may be found. Is there any thing more
to be said;
"By the old Constitution of New York, no dis
tinction was made in regard to color in the qualili
tion of electors. In the convention fur its amend
ment, a proposition lo restrict the right to white
citizens, was rejected oy a vote of sixty-three to
fifty-nine. A long and eloquent debate preceded
this rejection. Mr. Van Buren did not participate
in tne aeoate, bui vuiiiU WUH Tills MA
JORITY. Holland's Life of Van Buren, p. 182."
We are told that when Mr. Calhoun, at the
close of the late session of Congress, was pass
ing through North Carolina, he met v.ith the
shrewd and able editor of the Lincoln Banner,
and at once sought a collision with him. "Have
you any log cabins in your part of tho country?"
asked Mr. Calhoun. "Yes," said the editor.
"Any hard cider?" "Yes." "Any coon-skins?"
"Yes." -'Any 'possum-skins?" "Yes." "Any
fox-skins?" "No, but we shall take one in No
vember." The nullifier hung his head. Ho was morli.
Tied to death at tho slip of his own tongue and
the ready response of his opponent. Have his
followers forgotten how often he used to rise in
his place in the United States Senate and de
nounce Mr. Van Buren ns "the fox of Kinder
hook?" Low. Journal,
lTJ"The Vermont Locofocos, at the late elec.
tion in that State, ran a candidate for Governor,
who was both an avowed Anti-Mason and an
The Plot. W find in the Newark Dally
Advertiser of last evening, the following letter.
That paper is conducted with caution and consci
entiousness, and it would not have insetted such a
letter, (which, moreover, by the editorial note at
the foot appeais to have been accompanied by
some private explanation,) without good reason
for believing that il was written in good faith, and
upon reasonable testimony.
We call the attention of our readers lo it, os
the mere notoriety that such a plot is hatchiug,
will effectually blow it up.
It will need no expresses at the time, let tne
intelligence only be now circulated, that Locofoco-
ism means, on the ev of the election, to kill our
candidate on puper, and prove his dealh ns infal-
liably as that of Partridge the almanac-maker was
pioved even though the dead man should himself
appear to contradict it let this, we say, only be
come notorious, and the plot at once is defeated.
New York American.
To the Editor of the Newark Daily Advertiser.
A lcttei has accidentally come into my posses
sion, which discloses a desperate and deep laid
scheme to defeat the eloction o( Gen. Harrison;
and if carried out, will convulse th s Government
to its verry centre, and perhaps result in anarchy
The Post Office is the engine Amos Kendall
the instrument to effect it. The first stop is al
ready taken, by ordering evesy channel of com
municating inforinatien to the people to be closed,
except through h'i3 hands and those engaged in the
conspiracy. A startling report, such as the death
of Gen. Harrison, may be circulated throughout
Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York, just on the
eve of the election, ond every Whig paper con.
t indicting be suppressed.
This scheme accounts for their confidence in
the success of Mr. Van Buren, notwithstanding
their overwhelming defeat in almost every State
in which there has been an election. This ac
counts for the extraordinary declaration of a lead
ing administration man, recently in the city of
New York that "van Daren had a card yet to
plav. which none of his friends suspected.
You may depend upon it they are playing a
lesperate game; they make no cumulations for a
retreat they have inscribed upon their banners,
"rule or ruin. Let every Whig press through.
out the Union sound the alarm. Warn the whole
country against the daring conspiracy. They
have certificate makers, and affidavit makers in
readiness, and with such a bold, talented, and
reckless creature as Amos Kendall at their head,
we may well tremble fci the liberties of our coun.
I am no alarmist; I have ever relied wilh con.
fidence upon the intelligence, integrity, and pat
riotism ol the people of this country. But when
we see the highest functionaries of our govern
ment conniving wilh public plunderers, when
we see the Representatives of a sovereign State,
holding in iheir hands credentials clothed wilh all
the solemn sanctions of law, kicked out of (Con
gress for the express purpose of consummating a
conspiracy between iVlr. van Buren and John O.
Calhoun, and finally, when we see every promin
ent leading measure of Mr. Van Buren pointing
to one single oi-ject, the concentration of all pow
or in his hands, there is just cause of alarm.
I would suggest the propriety of rccommonding
the Whigs throughout the country to be prepared,
if necessary, to establish expresses in every State
in the Union. Let every mail be watched until
the eleclion, and as soon as they are satisfied that
the game has commenced, let riders be mounted,
and sent in every direction. Cj. h. J
We should be gratified to hear from the writer
in reference to his private-note:
APPOINTMENTS TO OFFICE.
The outrage upon the popular will in the ap
pointment of Postmasters, by the men at Wash
ington, who have seized on the offices of the
country as a wolf on his prey, or robbers on
spoils, has been brought home to the feelings of
tins neighboihood, by practical experience. Time
and again, we see notices of appointments else,
where, which shew that the reward-and-punish-ment
system is in operation in all parts of this
land. The latest evidence of this we find in the
Richmond (la.) Palladium. A vacancy having
occurred in the post office at that place, among
the applicants were David Hoover, Armstrong
urimes, J. o. Merrick, and Lynde Lllioll. all
we believe, Vanitcs, the latter a loafing editor of a
locoloco newspaper at Kichmond. Preliminary
to making the appointment, the second Assistant
.Postmaster Ueneral sent lor Air. Hariden, the
member ol Congress from the Richmond dis
trict, and the following conversation ensued:
P. M. What kind of a man is David Hoover?
Mr. R. Mr. Hoover is an entirely responsible
man; an old citizen of Wayne county; strictly
honest, and an honorable man. The appoint
ment would be a good one.
P. M. What of Grimes?
Mr. R. He is as responsible as ihe first; per
haps not so much of a business man, but entirely
competent to take charge of the office, and no
doubt would transact the business with fidelity,
and account strictly to the department. Mr.
Grimes has many friends, end the appointment
would please many of the party.
P. M. What of J. C. Merrick?
Mr. R. He comes recommended by as res
pectable a list of petitioners" 'hs any one ever
brought here. He is a man of excellent busi.
ness habits responsible, and 1 have no doubt but
that his appointment would please two-thirds of
P. M. What of Lyntle Elliott?
Mr. R. There is not a man in Wayne coun
ty who would trust him with a 'levy.'
Mr. Kariden left the office, and the next morn
ing received the following note from Mr. John,
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT, )
Appointment Office, Feb. 25, 1840. J
Sib I have the honor to inform you that the
Postmaster General has this day appointad Lynde
JMIiott, Postmaster at Kichmond, county of
Wayne, State of Indiana, in place of J. W.
Your obedient servant,
Second Assistant Postmaster Gc-nerul.
Hon. J. Rabideh.
Upon what principle was it, that the rcsponsi.
bles were rejected and the irresponsible honored
with the confidence of the Administration? Evi.
dently, the party leaders wanted an officer whose
conscience would not interfere with thedischaige
of any dirty work the good of the party might
require, not an officer who would be faithful to
the duties of (he station, regardless of blandish
ments or threats.
Now this selfish system of appointments is a
crying evil. How dan it be remedied? There
is but one method by which the evil can ha erad
icatcd, and thai is a thango of nikin.-RrpublU.'
A FINE SPECIMEN OF A TRUE AMI. 'r
We find in the Boston Alias, the followinq,
which exhibits the true, sincere, thor ugh.bred re
publicanism of Gen. Harrison. His Domcciacy
is not of that kind which consists In pulling on
a ragged coat and soiled linen, on an ele' iion
dny, and playing tho aristocrat at other times.
There is n beautiful consistency in all his jf . , i
conduct which assures us that his repuh! - 4i
moderation is well tried, and will not hr ov
come when he shall be elevated to the l.;!it-ki
"We have just met wlih a document which
presents Gen. Harrison In a new light, In (he
year 1819 when he was not a candidate for any
public office some of the most respectable citi
zens of Cincinnati and its vicinity formed them
selves into a society, (yled the "Cincinnati so
ciety for the promotion of Agriculture, Manufue-
lures, and Domestic Lconomy,
General William Henry Harrison was called
upon to act as Chairman at the first meetinj of
the society, and was alterwards elected President.
Ihe following republican declaration or reme
dy for hard times was adopted by the society,
and published in tho newspapers of the day,
signed by General orrison as Chairman, ami
J ames .hinbrc, as Clerk :
Being convinced that a retrenchment in the ex
penses of living will be an important means of al
leviating the difficulties and pecuniary embarrass
ments which exist in every section of our country,
we concur in adopting and recommending to our
follow citizens, the following declaration, vis:
1st. will not purchase, or suffer to b used
in our families, any imported liquors, fruits, nuts
or preserve of any kind, unless they shall be re
quired in case of sickness.
id. Jiomg convinced that the practice which gen
erally prevails of wearing suits of black as testi
monials of respect for the memory of deMaul
friends, is altogether useless if not improper, while
it is attended with heavy expense, we will not sanc
tion it hereafter in our families, or encourage it in
3d. We will not purchase fjr brirsnlves or m,r
families such articles of dress as tr expensive and
generally considered as ornamental rather than
4tli. We will abstain from tlie use of imnnri,l
goods of every description, as far as may be prac-
ncuic, nuu we kiu give prejerence to tne articles
that are of the growth and manufacture of our own
country, when the latter can be procured.
5th. We will not purchase anv artinloa aithn.
of food or dress, at prices that are extravagant,
or that the citizens generally cannot afford to pay;
uuv nu, ikiiici ausiuin irum me use or such ar
ticles, unless they can be obtained at reasonable
6th. We will observe rigid economy in every
branch of our expenditures, and will in all our pur
chases be influenced by necessity rather than con
venience, and by utility rather than ornament.
7th. We believe that the prosperity of the
country depends, in a great degree, on the general
and faithful observance of the foregoing declaration
we therefore promise that we will recommend it
This remedy for hard times, which he signed
119 marks him more than, ever, as the Poor
Man's Candidate. He was willing it seems to
deny himself the comforts of life for the sake of
promoting ihe general welfare of ihe people.
What were ihe means which he adopted and re
commended to his fellow.citizens, as a remedy
for pecuniary embarrassments? Retrenchment
in the expenses of living. That is good demo
cratic doctrine, little understood, we suspect by
the present incumbent of the White House."
We were wr. ng in charging Gen. Jesup with
having handed over the Croghan correspondence
to the Globe for publication. The language thnt
we applied to Gen. J., under the impression that
he was guilty of that act of treachery, was of
course unmerited. Gen. J., we have reason to
believe, condemns the act as strongly as any man
in the nation.
We know the name of the individual, who
handed Col. Croghan's letters to the editor ol the
Globe, but we do not at present feel at liberty to
give it to the public. He procured a copy of those
letters by a stratagem not a whit better than
stealing, but we are not sure that any exposition
of his agency in the transaction can possibly add
to the inlamy that already covers hira as agar,
ment. We hope and trust that Col. Croghon
will administer to him the only punishment he is
capable of appreciating that of tho cowhide.
Lou. Journal, Sept, 14.
Let Croghan cowhide him do it well then
send him to Missouri, and he may possibly pro
cure a clerkship in the Branch Bank, ot one vote
for a secretaryship in the Senate from sympathy
O-The Evening Post, one of the organs of Van
Burenism in New York, has put forth a rebuke
upon tho coarseness and mendacity of the (Hobe,
"It is stooping to dirty and profligate expedients
which degrades party disputes. Conducted a it
ought to be, fairly and honorably, in a just and
generous spirit, political controversy is a high and
intellectual contest between friends of different
systems of legislation, and as human nature is con
stituted, it is not desirable that it ahould be done
away. But when men descend to do any thing
which "will help the party," without regard to
trulh, justice, or decency ; when men ay what
they do not believe, or encourage prejudices which
they know to be unreasonable, or circulate tracts
which they know to be slanderous, for party effect,
it becomes no belter that a quarrel among coiners
The New York Expres, in reference to the
lact that hundreds in Vermont, who were sup.
posed to be for the administration, but
against it on the day of the election, thus
dresses the Locofocos:
"Treason is in your ranks. The Ballot that
seems for you, is your d?adly enemy. You can
trust nobody, for hundreds who appear to be with
you, vole against you at the polls. All, or near
ly all, even such as cling to your falling fortunes
wish your destruction, and deal the blow tobrin"
it. Thus even whigs are astonished by tho nine'!
nitude of their majorities." J
OflE OF IHE EFFICTS OF THE NoBTH CaKO.
mina victory. Six months ago, a most violent
Locofoco paper entitled "The Rubicon," was es.
tablished ut Yanceyville, North Carolina. We
are happy to see from thn Inst numhnr il.oi
able editor has torn down his black'flag and
oiuuijjeu a unuer loot, ana sent towards the sky
the siar banner of old Tippecanoe. Lou. Jour.
Since the ele. tions in Connecticut and Rhode
Island, Mr. Van Buren has ordered ,i:.,:..
uance of all the public works in those S:aie.
Does he feel anv bettor after this ini.mliiu ..t
impotent wrath? Lou. Jour.
We are sorry we cannot nrnvnlm nm r
foco. of more money than brains in L. i,.
bet of $100 on each of the 26 States. Mint
we get the town crier lo tiy (ho profiVicd wsgci
through ths bluett.? .oit. Journal.