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THE EQCiV LICK TIMES.
UHSi K.'fcENSOW & CLARK H. GREEN.
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THE SPIRIT OF DEATH.
:" On! there's a deep and chilling tone,
' That comes the heart to freeze;
As cold as winter, winds that moan
' Low through the leafless trees t
:'" And black as midnight's awful gloom
-v. Xt shrouds the joyous hearth;
' And treads with giant strides along
" v : ; The hall of reckless mirth.
:' " It eomea the Simoom's desert blast
" And breathes its curse around;
' ' And brightest flowers of life and hope
' Lie withered on the ground.
H miles to see before it fall
:'i To earth the proud and strong;
' " Throwing a blight o'er all our joys,
'' As, dark, it sweeps along!
. ; Oh death! thy terrors fearful art
i . To the benighted soul
-' Who standing uu the verge of life
- Doth yield to thy control!
-I.-',-- ' . : i
. But thou thyself in,, time shalt feel
Destruction's gnpe at last,
And from thy throne of centuries
Be to thy caverns cast!
Aye, proudly though thou bear'st thyself,
.. . Old Time shall lay fee low ;
And o'er thy dark and turbid form
j; The light of Heaven shall glow.
LEGEND OF NEW YORK.
' Some twenty years since, when New York
was somewhat of a different city to what it now
is. and steamers laden with cargoes of actresses,
dancers end monke s, were not evei. thought or
-dreamed of, and when a goodly vessel laden with
men-handise was considered a more iinpoitmit
affair than the arrival of a tragedian, or a troop
of goats and monkeys; we any, some seventy
yeurs since, towards the close of a beautiful au
tuinnal evening, a vessel was observed standing
in toward New York ; her hull was long and
low ; she was taul-rigged, with raking in awls ; her
jib, flying jib, mninsal, and fore-topsail set, and
had every appearance of making the harbor.
Suddenly, however, she tucked ; and a boat was
-lowered and pulled toward the shore; by the
time, however, she had pulled in, it had become
quite dark, and the idlers bad one by one, passed
away, so that the landing place was literally
clear; a gentleman landed from the boat, whose
diess partly bespoke him as a naval man, though
the richness of the various articles he wore indi
cated him to be one of no ordinary rank ; for
although it was not the dress of a British naval
officer, yet there was something that plainly
showed he was ono used to command ; in person,
ha might be above five and tliiity, but with a
complexion so swarthy and sunburnt, that it
would he difficult to say whether he whs over or
under that age: a woman (and they ore keen
judges of looks) would have gazed after him, and
thought, perhaps, just such a one would she have
'chosen as a model for admiration for woman
will form models in their imaginations to love,
though it is but rarely such an object ever be
comes their partner through life ; the stranger,
however, pushed on through the narrow streets,
merely asking for tin1 tesidence of one Ephraim
.Dodds, a worthy, pains-taking man, but poor
withal, and one whose speculations bad rarely
turned out well.
He was busied in the evening, on which our
story opens, looking over his Ledger, when the
door of his counting house opened, and a stran
ger presented himself.
"Your name is Ephraim Dodds."
, 1 f'lt is, Sir, and yours ?"
' "No matter; I know you, Sir, by report, for
art honest woithy man, but a very poor ono !
-Look front your window, and. if the darkness
will allow you, can you decipher aught of a
goodly vessel, standing olF in the distance? That
Teasel is laden with goods so rare and rich thai
'its cargo "Would make the fortune of the richest
'merchant of New York ; I would confide that
cargo to you, not making you the mete agent,
4ut as a partner."
Ephraim stared hard at the stranger, and be
thought him of all the. legends he had heard of
the devil tempting men in their hour of need,
but still he listened.
..' "tt matters little,' Ma3ter Dodds, who and
vast I am, since 'tis little to the purpose, but
suffering hHS laid its heavy hand upon me ; my
poor, poor Paquita, sleeps in peace : for my sake
the endured all much that woman could. Ah,
fihrr you know not what it is returning to one
Vou had for months been yeurning to see. to find
her gonf from you forever, broken hearted fio-n
the gibes and taunts ol those who should have
protected her; but she did not dare avow her
-ferriage, snd-i-hut no more; she left me. Sir, a
child, a girl, whose features areas like liernnnh
er's as nature could have formed them. - I would
not she should be with her mother's friend:,, to
turn the sa.ne measure of unkindness moled
out to her as whs her poor mother's fate. No,
Sit, I would not it should be so: and this lings
me to the purpose of my interview. If you will
take charge of the cargo, one half is y ur own,
the other is to be my daughter's, and you must
use them both In such way as seems best suited
W your judgment."
''And the girl," exclaimed DoJds, not seeing
she thing fiactly iu all its bearings.
BOON'S LICK TI
"Shu will be placed with one upon whom I
can rely; thnt charge is not with you; and when
you aie called upon to account lor her lottune,
you will, 1 know, be ready. Whit say you,
Master JJodcJs I .
Ephraim paused a moment to consider, but
the reflection was apparently a satisfactory one,
for turning to the stranger, he said, " I am con.
tent ; theie is my hand upon the bargain."
The following moimng found Master Ephraim
Dodds one of the richest merchants in New
Pass we over now a space of some seventeen
years, and still lingering in the neighborhood of
New York, cast our - eyes upon one of the neat
est cottages the thriftiest housewife could desire;
both before and behind was a garden, tastefully
arranged with such trees and plants as the sea
breezes would permit to grow, and within the
lattices, flowers whose delicate nature required
moi e protection ; along side on the beach was
drawn up a large boat, and toward the sea was a
rudely contrived arbor, with a most primitive
looking seat and table. The owner of the cot
lave was an Englishman, from the neighborhood
of Newcastle, who had passed nearly all his life
1 1 sea. Owen Block was a true specimen of the
English sailor, his wife was a quiet, sedate wo.
man, wno seemed rather superior to her husband.
The greatest attraction, however, was their
daughter, the pretty Marian. Great pains had
been bestowed hy Block upon her education,
and her room, which was tastefully adorned with
drawings by herself, showed that she had at-
tamed no mean prohciency as an artist.
There was a circumstance, however, which
caused much excitement in the neighborhood.
namely, the frequent visits of Walter Dodds. the
only son of the principal magistiate of New
York, and the wonder was the little anxiety (hat
Master lilocK gave hnnsell about the cncuin-
stance, though quick and quarrelsome enough on
other occasions; some turned up the'rr noses, and
said, "Does he think Walter Dodds will marry
her? but not he, indeed; Master Block will soon
repent his vain ambition, and wish that he had
more moderate views for his dau2hter."
But the visits of his son became known nt last
to the old magistrate; and full of magisterial ire,
he determined to investigate the matter in per.
son, and accordingly betook himself to the cot
Owen Block was somewhat surprised one
morning, by a visit fiom the magistrate, and
quit kly stowing away a suspicitus looking tan.
ker of spirits, seemed prepared for what might
"Your name is Owen Block, I believe."
"The same, at your service I"
"You ha- e a daughter, I believe."
"And you are trying to draw my son into a
marriage with her."
"Softly there. Master Dodds. if you please:
your son is doing as he pleases; if he chooses to
come heie, well and good: I have enough to do
looking after my daughter, without caring for
other people's sons."
"You are a sc undrel, Sir, replied the mae-
istrate, "and fear me not, we shall soon have you
safe by the heels;" saying which he left the
room, slamming the door hastily behind him, the
hearty laugh of Owen Block ringing in his ears
as he retraced his steps fro.n the cottage home
Walter and Marian, were, however, still as
much as ever together, and Block, despite the
burgomaster's threats, encouraged the young man,
in affording him every opportunity o being in
Marian's way, and the magistrate determined, in
order to prevent matters going too fir, that his
son should be sent on a voyage to the Indies,
whither the merchant had a valuable cugo pro
ceeding. Ephraim Dodds was one day busied in his slu.
dy, making every preparation for the vessel (tail
ing on the morrow, and writing out a set of in
structions for the captain, and mixing up with
them iiiOM particular directions for his son's being
carefully attended, never being allowed to goon
deck when it rained, or suffered on any account
to ascend the rigging and a variety of other min
utes, when a stranger was announced as wishing
to see hii'n on private business. He motioned
to a chair, continuing busy in his instructions.
On raising his head to demand the nature of his
business, his eyes met those of the stranger's;
ihey were features once seen, never to be forgot,
"You see," said the stranger, "I am come as
I promised, to claim the fulfilment of your agree
ment." Dodds pointed to a box on one of the shelves.
"There," said he, "utn the accounts of stew
ardship up to the close of last month; you will
find them, I 8'ii sure, correct to a fraction, nor
(b I think you will find I have speculated amiss
with our daughter's dowry, since she is now the
richest woman in New York."
"Your accounts I do not wish to see; you
need vender none to me nor to any one; my only
bjnet is to propose n marriage for your son."
The magistrate shook his head. "Alas, sir,
I fear very much my son's affections are unwor
thily be towed upon one from whom 1 have found
it luipnssiole to ahenate them.
, "Upon Marian Block."
. "You know it, I see too well."
"I do; and Marin Block is my daughter. I
confided her when an infant to Owen Block, in
whom 1 knew I could place every confidence; it
was by my orders he took every means ol throw
ing himself into your son's way, and bringing
him in con act with Marian; what I so ardently
wished has taken place. He has seen and loved
her for herself, and not as the lichest maiden in
New York, what more need 1 say; my plans
have succeeded, and you 1 am sure have no objec
lion to this."
"Not I.". replied the magistrate. "I did'nt
half like his going to sea; let them be married
hy all means its a Ion r voyage to India a vry
long one, hut matrimony is much longer; how
ever, its much safer.
The stranger smiled and said, "They have
both their dangers, but the present will doubtless
he a smooth voyage, since there are lew hidden
rocks, and every thing promises well."
A Wittt Auctioneer. An auctioneer said
of gentleman who had bought a table, but nev
er ca i;e to take l away, that he was one of the
most no come for-lalle persons he ever knew in
tbe whole course of his life!
CEASES TO BE DANGEROUS. WHEN REASON IS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT IT."
FAYETTE, MISSOURI, SATURDAY, NOVEXSER 7, 1840.
MISS 8 EDGE WICK ON HEALTH.
Take, fur example, a young girl bred delicately
in town, shut up in a nursery in her childhood in
a boarding school through her youth never ac
customed either to air or exeruise, two things that
the law of God makes essential to health. She
marries; her strength I inadequate lo the demand
upon it. Ilet beauty fadet early. She languishes
through the hard offices of giving birth to children.
urkling and watching over them, and dies early;
and her acquaintances lamentingly exclaim, 'What
a strange Providence, that a mother should be ta
ken, in the midst of life, from her children!' Was
it Providence! Nu! Providence has signed her
threescore years and ten; a term lung enough lu
renr her children. and toee her children' children
hut she did nut obey the laws on which life de
pend, ind of course lie lost it.
A father, too, U cut off in the midst of his days.
His a useful and distinguished ritizeti, and prom
inent in his professions. A general buzzing on
everv side, of ''Arlmt a striking Providence!'--This
m'n has been in the habit of studying half
ihe nipht, of passing hit days in his office and in
the courts, of eatintr luxurious dinners, and drink
ing various wines. He has every day violated the
laws on which health depends. Did Providence
cut him off! The evil rarely ends here. The
disease of the father is often transmitted; and a
feeble mother rarely leaves behind her vigorous
children. It has been cutomarv, in some of oir
cities, for young ladies to walk in thin shoes and
delicate stockings in mid winter. A healthy
voung girl, thus dresed. in violniinn of heaven's
Inws, pays the penalty; a checked circulation, cold,
fever and death. 'What a sad Providence!" ex
rbims her friends. Was it Providence, or her
own folly? A beautiful young bride goes niiflit
after night, to parties made in honor of her mar
riage. She has a slight sore throat, perhaps, and
the weather is inclement; hut she must wear her
neck and arms bare; for whoever saw a bride in a
close evening dress! She is cnnseotientlv seized
wiih an iiifl immation of the lungs, and the grave
receives her before her bridal davs are over.
What a Provi lence!' exclaims the world, 'cut off
in the mid-tof happiness and hone!' Alas! did site
not cut the thread of life herself! A girl from the
country exposed to our changig climate, gets a
new homiel, instead of getting a flannel g.-irinent.
A rheumatism is the consequence, hhould the girl
sit dow tranquilly wilhthe idea that Providence has
pent the rheumatism upon her, or should she charge
it to her vanity, and avoid the folly in future; -Look,
irv young friends, at the mass of diseases
ihat are incurred by intemperance In eating, or
in drinking, or in study, or in business; by neg
lect of exercise, rleanliness, and pure air; by in
discreet dressing, tight hieing. &c, and all is qui
etly imputed to Providence! Is there not impiety
as well as ignorance in this! Were thu physical
lows strictly ohseived from generation to genera
tion, there would bo an end to the frightful disea
ses that cut short life, and of the long maladies
that makttlife a torment or a trial- It is the opin
ion of those who best understand the physical ys.
tern, that this wonderful machine, the body, this
'goodly temple,' would gradually decay, and men
would die, as if falling asleep.
PRESERVING WINTER APPLES.
Messrs. Gatlobd and Tucker. Last April
a year, 1 visited a friend, when he made me a
present of a largo diah ol fine flavored apples,
and il being out of season to have apples in such
a good state ol preservation, 1 enquired his mode
of keeping then). He informed me that in the
fall he made a box six feel long and two feel deep,
which he sunk into the grond to a level with the
suriaee, then he hi led th box with sound ap.ilei,
and covered il with boards in the form of a rojf.
but leaving an opening at both ends. The n if
he also covered with straw and earth, to the usu .1
thickness ol an apple or potatou hole. In ill's
condition he leaves it till the apples are frozen.
but as soon as a thaw como, he makes il perfectly
iir tight, and in a day the Irost is altogether re
moved, and the apples are as fresh and perfect as
when they were taken from the trees.
I am aware that this is an excellent plan, be
cause 1 know thai most of the apples and potatoes
in holes rot and decay in consequence of the warm
and foul air accumulating, having no opportunity
to escape. 1 thought, however, lo improve it. I
consequently last fall buried my apples in the
usual way; then I took four strips of one inch
boards and nailed them together iu the form of a
htmney, lea.iug a vacancy in the middle, of one
inch square; i his 1 placed in the centre ol trie apple
hole, the end resting on the app'es inside, and the
ol -er end piojectiug two feel above the giound.
ihis succeeded lair beyond my expectations, the
vacancy in the chimney was barely sufficient to
permit the warm and foul air to escape. My
family during the winter, whenever ihey wished
to have apples for consumption only removed the
chimney and reached in with the hand to get sup
plied and replaced it again and I can assure you
thnt, of eight bushels that were buried, only lluee
rotten and Gveoi six si ghtly afficted apples were
discovered, whereas my neighbors, who buried
their apples in the old fashioned way, lost a Urge
Ciii you inform me whether asparagus roots
can be set out in the fall? They may be trans
plated in autumn as well as in the spring EJt
William J. Eveh.
THE MORTGAGE AND SUB TREASURY.
Let us suppose a case. Of a Saturday evening
a mechanic of one of our Norfolk towns sits down
with his wife for a comfortable chat. The chil
dren are all in bed the- week's work is done -i's
rrs are laid aside. Tim husband has jut re
turned from ihe Springfield Convention ; his heart
is full of Oeinn-racy. He can think of nothing
e ar he can speak of nothing ele ; in the fullness
of his heart, he ealllshis youngest child D'mwraty.
and as ha kisses his wife on his return, he calls her
Democracy also. Every thing he loves is Demo
cracy every thing hn hate? is Hartford Conven
tion Blue-Light Federalism.
The conversation of the mechanic and his wife,
on the occasion supposed, naturally turns udoii
politics, and the following conversation ensues :
Wirit. Well, husband you talk a great deal
about Democracy now I am a woman, and know
nothing about politics; hut pray tell me what De
Mechanic Why, Democracy is Demo
W. Indeed ! who told you so I
M. B-incroft told me so. I have heard him sav
so more thin fifty limes and llullett says so, and
Rantoiil and Everett, they all say so.
W. Well if they all say so, il must be true.
But what does D -in icrttcy main !
M. Pshaw! You women can never understand
politics; you have no head for it. Now I'll read
to you out of Ihe Bnttnn I'ntt what it means.
Here are the Resolution of the Dtmocrt'ic Con
vention, prepared at B wton laat fall. They were
written by Brnwnon,r some of the great guns.
Here il i. "Democracy it the mpremtcy of man
over hit af.ridrnlt
W. Whev! Democrat) it the tupremacy of man
nver hit accidentia! What fritter it rout be.
Bat to tell Ibt truth, I don't understand any mora
sbout Democracy than I did before; I upme it'i
tweause i in a woman. Hut look here, husband
want to talk to you about that Mortir-ire of Sooir
Grahall's upon the house and land. He called hep
while you was gone, and he said a part of it runs
im paid or he'd sue fur it, and then the house an.
land would all go.
M. Why did'nt you tell me of this bere 1
W, Because your head was so full of Demncract
and the Springfield Convention, that you would'n
omen iu me. i ve menMiineu it three times, ami
it went in at one ear and nut of the other. Now
husband, I've been thinking about the mortiraire
audit worries me: your wages hsve fallen otf o
late, anil some of the time you have no employ
ment. When vour watres were a dullarand a hal
day. and you had full work, yon could supuort
the family well, and pay a hundred dollars a yeai
tnwardsclearing the mortgage. It was a plea-tan'
thing to work, and be economical and savmsf
when we had the prospect of having a house of nu-
own. without Squire (rraball's clutches upon it
Now. yon can hardly support the family, and when
I ask for money you aay you are runnimr in debt.
This is a had pmspec!, if we nro to lose thu house
and land after all.
M. Oh! never fear, wife times will be belter
oon They've gnt a Sitk-Treaury now ; which i
to make lis all rich, except the Aristocrat.
W. I don t know about that. The times have
been getting worse and worse. It's four or fivi
vears since you talked of having better times. snH
now that they have really got a "Suh-Trrisuru."
they say il is going to reduce wages to fifty cents
M. Well, that's true, but every thing we buy is
to come down at the same rote.
W. And what adt-antage is that t Beside, some
people .v that suear, and tea. and coffee, and
pice, and all foreign things, will be as hiirh as
ever, because thcSob-Trnaury don't work in thoe
countries where these thinjs come from. But if
wages are to come. down, how are voli to pay the
monga -e or $ouu m require uranall j
M. How am I going to pay the mortgage !
W. Yes; if your wages go down to 50 cents a
day, how can you ever pav it ! It will cost all that
you ean cam to support the family.
M. Well, I must sell the cow, and the crarde n
W. Yes, but these have gone down half price.
and they won't go far towards reducing the mort-
M. Well, I must sell the house.
W. But that has gone down half price too. so
that, all the prone ty g-n. have got won't ptv S'j-iire
Grahall's mortgage. We must be turnel on' of
house and home, and still, y u are in debt. Yon
area mined man if the Sjb-Treasury goes into full
JW. I never thought nt all this before, lheras
something wrong somewhere.
W There is, indeed, husband. When they made
the Sub-Treasury lo reduce the poor min's wages
and the poor .nan's property, why didn't they m ike
it reduce the poor man's deht! Answer me tha'.
When they reduce a "nan's means of paying his
deht. why didn't they reduce the debt too!
M. I can't say. upon my word.
W. Well, these men who made the Snb-Treasu-ry.
pretend to be the poor man's friend; but it
seems tn me they are the rich man's friend, and
the poor man's enemv. You agreed give Grsh
all $'10 Tor the house and lnd. Now ynu have
mid $200, und sfier ynu have paid $'200 more,
he will pet it back fur 8100 So Squire Graball
gels gilOO out of you for nothinsr. just hecase we
must have a Sub-Treasury and vou must be ruined
to make him rich. Seems to me, this is g-inding
the poor to fatten the rich. It is miking the poor
man poo-er. and the rich man richer.
M. Well, really, wife, all that sounds true, bnt
Bancroft and Brownson did not tell us that.
W. No, no, they did'nt tell you, thouih
they knew it well. They filled your heart with
fantastic ideas of Democracy and liberty. They
blindfolded vo'i with names and words, and led you
with p'ei'idices ami passions.
iV. Bui. why should Ihev deceive nsl
W. Why! Does'nt Bincroft gut 3000 a vear
as long as his master, Van Bnren. reiuns? Now.
vou have a vote, and the voters can 'ay who shall
he President. The way for Bancroft to keep hi
n'ace, therefore, is to throw dust in your eyes; m-l
then he'll lead yon tip to the ballot-box to vote fur
Van Bnten, who supports him, though he ruins you
and vour family.
M. Reallv, wife ynu seem to be a politician,
W. No, husband, I am no politician; but some
times a looker on sees more of the game than thos
who play I judgeof Government hy its effects on
our home. Formerly, before the rrv of Democra
cy heft.r these Halletts and Rantouts. and Bin
crofts filled vour head with their humhugs every
thing went well with us. You were then a happy
man. and I a happy wife. Our children were then
well fed and well clothed. Every year we added a
lit tin to our furniture; if I wante.l a new gown
vou always gave il to me, and ynu had $100 a year
to reduce the mortgage. You was industrious and
cheerful your face was always pleasant to me
vour voice was always kind to the children. Those
diiys are gone. I mourn, hu-band, but 1 do not re
proa: h you. Yon have your cares, and I know
your heart is right. But how has this change
M. I think I must ask you.
W. Well. then. I will give yon my opinion. I
think you. with too many oilier in the country,
have been grossly cheated and deceived. A set of
men, who only wished to enjoy power, and office,
and spoils, have been entrusted with the reins of
Government, and they have driven us over a preci
pice. We only suffer with the rest of the country
thousands and tens of thousands are ai bad off
M. Well, wife, I am afraid ynu are right, but
what can I do!
W. You can do two things. The first is. to for
sake those who have cheated you to withdraw
vour confidence from a set of false prophets and
fale guides men who use yoiionly to abuse you.
M. Andwhai next shall I do!
W. First tell mo whether you will do as I re
quest! M. I never buy a pig in poke. Tell me what it
is you propose, and if its reasonable I'll du it.
M. 1 thought iu was coming to that! Well,
there's no danger in trying a change. Here it goes
Hurrah for Harrison and better times!! ( Extract
(mm a tpreclt recently delivered in the Bennrtt tlreet
School lluutt, by S. G. Goodrich, E-q. nf Roxbury
Population of Pittsburo. The population of
Pittsburgh, including independent villages in the
vicinity, is computed at CO.UIH); places of relic ious
worshipOO; schools 100; pipers 20; hanks and insu
rance companies 9, employing a capital of $5,000.
000; daily line of stage coaches and canal b ats, 20;
single and double lines of canal freight boats, II;
annua! arrivals and departures of steim vessel
engsged in th- river trade, 3.500; annual amount
of manufactures and mechanical productions,
$12 1100: annual sales in ihe various departments
of merchandise, $1:1.000,000; annual amount of
troight on merchandise and produce passing
through the account of non-reaident owners.
"I aint goin' lew liva long, mammy." "Why
not, you sa:pintl"
"Cots my trowsys it all
tored out behind."
A LETTER TO
Mechanics nnd Working Itlcn,
ON THE WAGES OF LABOR,
BY PAUL INGLIS, Carpenter,
Ar this important period, when principles of
he most vital interest to mechanics and working
nen, ate undergoing the severest discussions, nol
nily in the newspapers, but in societies, clubs
ind associations, throughout the country, ihe
osscssion of information necessary lo the for
ualion of correct conclusions concerning them
s so essential, thai I have deemed it of sufficient
importance lo devote a portion of my lime to ob
I shall confine myself to what exclusively in
terests the laboring classes, in reference to the
neasures and doctrines of the Administration.
A mechanic myself, suffering deeply from the
"fleets of the measures of Government upon
the Currency, and not an inattentive observer of
the progress of financial events of the i'ay, 1
claim the intention of my fellow laborers, wiih
whom I sympathise, and with whose interests 1
din most deeply and personally concerned.
Whatever causes operate on them, operate like
wise on me, and whatever in prosperous or ad
verse limes may be their fortune and circumstan
ces, mine are the same.
In examining doctrines, therefore, in whi'-li I,
as a mechanic, and personally interested, I feel
ihat 1 arn advocating the causq of the laboring
man throughout the country, whatever his pro
fession or condition may be; and I claim his in
tention to the remarks I may make, without any
reference to my attachment or opposition lo either
ol the political parties winch are now beiore our
II 1 do not succeed in presenting what I have
to say accorriini! to the established forms of crit
ical and logical arrangement, I ask that indul-
yence wmcn may jus ,y oe c a.tnea oy one wnose
1-1 . . I . L . I II
jwlitr-nriMn nm -i-inoinnn in hip hnv hen ciinh a,
to disqualify him for that kind of writing, which
will adapt itself to the lasie of refined and culti
vated minds. 1 address myself lo those whom
elegance of composition is an immaterial point,
but whose sagacity and intelligence will enable
them to gMsp the strong points of a question,
and particularly one upon which, in their work
shops and their moments of leisure, they have
often deeply and seriously reflected.
Ihe discussion wliicu now agitate the minds
oi uie great muss o. we pcop e anu wn.cn are
-e -1 - -C.L - I- ..! t
now moving them to and Iro, like the waves of1
the sea, wnen shaken by a mighty tempest, have
awakened the attention and aroused the reflection
of the working men as much, if nol more, than
any other class of our citizens.
Tim questions in agitation in reference to the
Curiency, and its operation upon their interests,
are oftentimes discussed hy their, with an ime li
gence and force which prove them capable of
comprehending the most difiuultsuhjects. Who
ever, therefore, regards them ns deficient in in-
' "r, ,r ti,e present time provisions never were cheaper
on all subjects connected, dtrectly or femotely. s',, lhan 1T39 thoan. f.om the cii
will, their interests and happiness, knows l.ttle of I ,aUoo of len and flVe shilling bank notes, there
their sagacity, judgment, or mtrlhgence. j WM nl0re m - ihe cou ihan fl
To such men 1 present ine facts I have col- m NVne most occasions, is fail v
lected, not to inflame their pa.ty zeal, but tli.it ! c, iu England as in France, though there
they may be forufied w.m reasons 'lor tha faun , a a, deaI . ; EIand and
mat i in them nnil tnnt thuv mav ih mnil - . 1 ' c
,, i -i i i ,
cniituli.nf l' snsl.lin thcuisi-ivps in I h.s u-nr urn Ti
. ...j -
I mill nm....l 1. i---.il.
I appeal to the mechanic and laboring man,
u ins situation has been improved by the meas
ures of Government? I', has not for the very
substantial reason, that those measures have been
directed toward the pioduction of on entirely
ditT'.'tent resuit than the improvement of his cir
cumslances. The want of employment, and the
necessary contraction of his comforts to which
he has been obliged to submit, are consequences
which naturally spring fiom the derangement of
the monied affairs of the country.
The experiments upon the Currency by the
Administration, instead of producing benefits to
the laboring portion ol our population, as it was
pretended ihey would do have had a contrary
The loss of public conftJence, and the de.
rangement of our finances have had, ultimately,
the same effect upon the interests of tha iiiechan
ic as upon those of the merchant, proving there
by, inconlesiably, thai the interests of uil class
es are closely and intimately connected.
It was not until the proposal ol the bub.Tjea-
sury scheme, that the great object of tha Arimin
istiat.on, to reduce the price of labor, became
known. This, notwithstanding their pretended
sympathy for the laboring man, is now admitted
to be one of ihe principal motives ol" liie Admin-
istration in ihe establishment of that system, and
as they do not conceal, but on ihe contrary bold.
!y promulgate il as the doctrine of the party, it is
left to the working man to decide whether or not
it is acceptable lo him.
Is it nol a matter of astonishment, that an Ad-
ministration whose professions of sympathy for
the lahoiinz man have been so notorious, and
whose financial measures have been boasted of
by its party presses throughout the country, ns
directed exclusively to the improvement of his
condition, should now boldly avow a doctrine
which strikes at the very rool of his prosperity?
The inevitable consequence of the measures
of our Government was to redvee the price of
labor; and because they now see that such has
been the result, they boldly avow it lo havu been
their purpose from ttie beginning. Lwko quicks
who having administered a medicine, of the ef
fects of which they were entirely ignorant, when
instead of restoring the patient, il has thrown him
into convulsions, with admirable coolness and
impudence turn round ami say, it was the very
end ihey were desirous of accompli-hing, as a
necessary result in ihe progress lo health.
To avoid acknowledging their ignorance, and
seeing the fleet upon the interests of ihe working
man, they adopt the rctult as their doctrine, but
console us by saying that we are no worse off,
because 'the prices of every thing else will fall
I propose to examine this monstrous and ab
surd error before 1 have concluded my remarks.
Senator Bjchanan, of Pennsylvania a tal
ented and influential member of the Adminislra
lion paiiy declares himself in favor of a gold
and silver currency, for the reason ihat, under
such a currency, we would be ennblod to manu
facture goods cheaper, and thereby ton pete with
Europeans in all the markets of the world. "In
Germany," he ssys, "where the currency is pure
ly metallic, ami the cost of every thinj is reduced
to the hard money standard piece, of broad
cloth can be n anufoctured ht bfiy dollars the
manufacture of which, in our country, from the
expansion of paper currency, would coat ne
hundred dollars." This difference growing out
of the price of labor, is an edvantagt to the
American mechanic, for, according to hit own
admission, it arise from the higher wages which
he receives for that labor, and not, certainly. In
consequence of the cheapness of land in Germs,
ny, or greater faitlilrt for manufacturing which
it possesses. If he would look at the condition
of the German laborer, and allow that to influence
his view of the subject, 1 sppreheud that he would
not be so earnest an advocate of the German sys
tem. Disregarding, however, the condition of the
German mechanic a very maleiial point indeed
in this controversy, ana one in every way worthy
of (he notice of a statesman--he goes on to in
quire, "What is the reason that, with all the ad
vantages our laws afford to t the domestic manu
facturer, we cannot obtain exclusive possession of
the home markets and successfully contend for
the markets of the world? It is simply because
we manufacture at the nominal prices of our in
flated currency, end are compelled to sell at the
real prices of other nations. Reduce our nomi
nal to the real standard of prices throughout the
world and you cover our countiy with blessings
and benefits!" One o( the strong reasons why
we cannot do what he so much desies Is, thu
our mechanics and laboring men are unwilling to
subsist on porridge and rye bread, with a little
grease or lard, twice a day. They want some of
ihe comforts of life a piece of bulcer s meal for
dinner, and a good bed to lie upon at night.
hat the 'real standard ol prices in China.
Germany, Italy, Russia, and other European coun
tries, is, will be presently shown: in the mean
lime I respectfully suggest to the learned senator,
thai there are n great number of trades exercised
among us, by our mechanics, which would be se
riously injured by his 'reduction to the real stand
ard of other nations,' because they never export
the products of their labor, and have no interest
in foreign countiie3. The Carpenter, the Mason,
the Blacksmith of this country, seldom come in
competition with the carpenter, mason, or black
smith of Germany, and to reduce the price of
their labor would be doing them a very great and
serious injury. As a consolation, however, he
tells us, tnal this reduction of our w igej 'will be
followed by a reduction in the price of all the ne
cessaries and comforts of life.'
, . an authoritv in referenca
. '. .... .
to this matter, which is as conclusive as ihe au
thority of the (cn'itor.
Adam Smith, ir. his 'Wealih of Nations,'
says: "A paper money, consisting of bank notes
issued by people of undoubted credit, payable
upon demand, without any condition, and, in
fact, always readily paid as soon as presented, is.
in eveiy respect, equal in value lo gold and sil
ver money, since gold and silver money can at
any time be htd for it. Whatever is cither bought
or sold for such paper, must necessarily be
i b ; Qr . . as . coul(J ..... . ,
gold or silver.
"The increase of poper money, it has been
said, by ouguieri'.iug trie quantity and conse
quently diminishing the value of the whole cuv
rency, necessarily augments the money price of
commodities. But as the quantity of gold and
silver which is taken from t.ie currency is always
equal to the quanti y of paper which is added la
it, paper money dots not ntcessarily increase the
auantitij of the whole currency.
IUUI klbilllllli, Vfl lUifl, 1-V.lllUI f IV
k ii-n ihn lin.tnr.nin n ! Ilm riL roninra tn
I scarcely any in r rjuce.
' . '
t rom these views a very
I . . . J
lormnt truth is
ascertained, mat in countries suci as Holland,
Spain, France and Germany, prices of pruvis-
i luua uic i-vj iiivi. .-oi i ij iii-igii-i in . j iisci j ucilv-c
j of liieir possessing a tr.cUillic currency, nor are
: thirv necessarily dearer in England or tins conn
' try in consequence of a paper currency. The
I laboring man, in England, enjoys as many com-
Ions as tr.e laooiu.g man 01 any ot uic oiher
European commies, although tha currency of
England consists mostly of b-i:)k paper.
It is true, es Mr. Buchanan s.ivs, that 'all ihe
I Engiisn who desire to nurse their fortunes by
I living cheaply, emierate lo France, or so ne other
1 portion of the continent ;' but those who do it
I are extravagant land and fund holders, who, hy
'gambling end other vices, are reduced in their
circumstances, and find it necessary to withdraw
I fioni their dissipations iu order to redeem their
jlomincs. But who ever heard of an Engiisii
i mechanic ever doing this? It is only the idler
iortJ spendthrift, who indulges in extravagance
'and luxury, that finds such an 'emigration' ne
jcessary. The working man would lose more
than he could gain by doing it, although the
i -.m .n uu
down nobleman tnii;iit find it to his ad-
j Sdch areumen's as these, to prove the advan.
' tage of a putely metallic currency, can have no
j weight with an industrious man, or any other
. man who is gifted with common sense. "If,"
I as was said by Mr. Davis of Mass. ''if a metallic
j currency makes productions cheaper, if it gives
vantage ground lo a country iu the general round
of trade, how is it that these nations have not
long since run England out of our market wiih
their cheaper eood:(? How is it that we draw
annually from England two-fold more of imports
than Irom all ihe residue of Europe! Why tstt
that they, especially France, shut their pons
against most kinds of Enallsh goods to piotecl
then own manufactures? Why is the same policy
pursued elsewhere? In these countries the haul
money has lieu long, full and faithful trial, and
we know the result. England, without any ad.
vantage over the in our ports, has overwhelmed
ihem with her competition; and so it is wherever
trade is open to her upon a footing of equality."
England, under her paper system, has outrun
them ail in prosperity, while the inhabitants, of
the hard-money countries have foil themselves so
much oppressed at honii. have conlinud so poor
and miserable, that they have sought refuge,
whenever ihey could, in this countiy, in the hope
of improving llieir condition and property.
Can it be possible thai the iuliabiiants of those
countries suffer under a delusion, and that they
are really happy and comfortable when they im
aglne themselves lo be miserable? The thou
sands of poor emigrants who land upon our soil
daily do not mistake their interests when they
leave their own homes, with all thoir happy asso
ciations, and come here to a slianra country.
whoMe language is different fiom their own, for
the purpose of ameliortting their condition. The
love of home is one of the most cherished pos
sessions of the human heart, and the link which,
connects it with their feelings is seldom broken
without struggle. Toere must, tberefcre, be
some strong motive which induces ihem to sacri
6ce ihcif ailsch.neu's to lb land of Uuf bV.A,