ctprcsscd this determination in 1810 they
will ' repeat It in 1814, with increased em
phasis. The decree has gone forth, and is
irrevocable. It is seen on every hill it
is heard on every breeze and felt in every
throb of the popular pulse. The hand is
upraised, and the blow will follow as cer
tain as the stroke of fate; as well might
you attempt to avert the winged lightning
or stop the thunderbolt of Jove. Tho pop
ular will is : formed; it is the true and just
sovereignty in this land; it must be re
spected and obeyed. And politicians can
no more stay its course, or divert it from
its purpose, than tho tempest-tost mariner
. can control the winds and the waves that
CLAY, of Kentucky.
WHIG PRINCIPLEST "
1 . A sound National Currency, regulated by the
will and authority of the Nation.
2. An adequate Revenue with fair Protection to
a. Jnst restraints on the Executive power, em
bracing a further restriction on the exercise of the
4. A faithful administration of the public co
data, with an equitable distribution of the pro
ceeds of sales or it among all the Mates.
6. An honest and economical administration of
the General Government, leaving public officers
perfect freedom, of thought and of the right of
aunrage; but wun suuaoie restraints agninu iui
proper interference in elections.
6. An amendment to the Constitution, limiting
the incumbent of the Presidential office to a sinolk
Whig Candidates for Elector of President
and Vice President of the U. S.
1st. Die. TH. L. ANDERSON, of Marion.
2nd. Dis. ROBT. WILSON, of Randolph.
3rd. Dis. A. W. DONIPHAN, of Clay.
4th. Dis. JOHN G. MILLER, of Cooper.
5th. Dis. JOHNS. WADDILL, of Greene.
6th. Dis. J. RANNEY. of Cape Girardeau.
7th. Dis. HENRY S. GEYEK, of St. Louis.
SATURDAY, MAY 4, 1844.
DC7Divine Service will be performed in
the Baptist Church, in this place, on Tues
day night, 7th of May, by Bishop Kemper.
fjy-The want of room compels us to omit sev
eial communications, editorials, advertisements,
&c., which should appear in to-day's paper.
ONext Saturday is the day agreed upon' for
e political discussion at the Moniteau bridge.
' EQ-The Whig National Convention met on
Wednesday last. . The Young Men's Conven
tion of Ratification, most probably took place
yesterday. The locofoco National Convention
meets on Monday next and the Tyler Conven
vention takes place soon after. The Virginia
Stale election took place last Thursda) .
Two to one that Clay ia the nominee of the
Whig Convention the same that Van will be
withdrawn that the Tyler convention will be a
failue that the wtiigs gain in Virginia and that
Clay is our next President. Who bets?
The first number of the "Coon Hunter" has
been received. It is doubtless a good paper of
the kind: but such a kind! It will reflect no
credit on its party.
The last Boonville Observer comes to us with
a lengthy address from J. V. Tubneb, announ
cing himself as junior editor of that paper. Mr.
T. has for some time been assistant editor, incog.
but felt himself called upon to have his name
placed at the head of the paper, as one of its edi
tors, in consequence of the course pursued to
wards him by the editors of the "Democratic
Mr. Tumer is a young gentleman of fine abil.
sties Ctfo-rleotis .and gentlemanly in his deport.
ment as (roe a Whig as ever traced a line for
Harry of the West and is destined to take a
high stand in the ranks editorial. He and Mr.
Caldwell will doubtless make the Observer wor
thy the patronage of the whigs of Cooper and ad.
joining counties. Success to their labors in the
Mr. Clay is every where received with the
greatest respect and enthusiasm. The People,
without distinction of party, turn out to welcome
him, wherever he goes- He was to be at Peters
burg, Virgina, on the 19th ult Old lather Ritch
ie of the Inquirer, is ''down upon Mr. Clay like
e thousand of brick," for coming into the State
"just on the eve of an important election." The
locos say he is on ah "electioneering tour" but
they forget Van Buren s tour, the case being al
tered, alters the case.
The Benton faction of the locofoco party re
cently made a grand failure in the way of a mee
ting in St. Louis. The meeting was designed to
ratify the proceedings of the Jefferson city con
vention. The Missourian called loud snd long
tor the faithful but the Reporter and whig pa.
pers represent it as a grand failure.
DC7Judge Elliott, recently impeached
and broken Tor issuing fraudulent certifi
cates of naturalization, in New Orleans,
has been pronounced by some of the locos
a Whig. The New Orleans Tropic of the
Oth ult. thus puts thia charge against the
Whigs to rest:
"About three months ego, at a meeting of the
Democratic Association of Louisiana, held at the
Committee Room, Banks' Arcade, Dr. Maurice
Cannon in the Chsir, Judge Benjamin C. Elliot
of the City Court ef Lafayette, made his appear
ance, declared himself a good Democrat, and was
unanimously sleeted a member of tba Association.
When his election was proclaimed, about half s
down substantial Cheers were given.
MU. CLAY THE rRE-mrTION SS-
. TEM "BARGAIN AND INTRIGUE"
THE DEMOCRATIC PRESS.
In the two lsal numbers of our paper, we en
deavored to refute the charges of the locofoco
press against Mr. Clay, that ha was opposed to
granting pre eruptions to poor settlers, snd that
be and Mi. Adams entered into a "bargain, by
which he waa to use his influence to elect Mr.
Adams President, and when elected, Mr. A. was
to reward Mr. C. by appointing hira Secretary of
Mr. Clay's views on the subject of pro emp
lions, and what be said in reference to the settle
ment of the public lands, without the authority of
law, are sufficiently and explicitly set forth in his
letters published in our last and taken in con
nection , with the speeches of which they are ex.
planatory, and with a fair construction put upon
them, Mr, Clay and bis friends are willing to go
before the country. ; .
In the last Democrat we find two articles fiom
the editor, (who ia absent) an article by the tub
editor, and a communication from a leading loco
of the county, all bearing on the above points,
and in answer, directly or indirectly, to our art!
cles on the subject, which we propose briefly to
answer with a few facts, and leave the matter
where the editor of tho Democrat does "for
candid men to draw their own conclusions."
On the subject of pre-emptions and the public
lands, the editors of the Democrat and ourselves
start from the same point, but arrive at different
conclusions:, they are governed by a speech of
Mr. Clay's published in the Globe, which he has
pronounced a "gross carricature" and in : his
letters, he states what he did say. The editor of
the Jjemocrat says be has compared the ex
tract published in his paper, with the original in
the Globe, and it is a correct eopy: admitted.--But
that does not alter the case, because Hie ori
ginal speech published in the Globe, was the one
denounced by Mr. Clay as a "gross carricatur;'
and when this speech was referred (o in debate in
the Senate, by Mr. Young of Illinois, he was
corrected by Mr. C; Mr. Young admitted he did
not use the language imputed to him but that
he inferred it from what Mr. Clay did say. If
the Democrat will do Mr. Mr. Clay the justice to
publish his letters, then its readers will be pre
pared to draw fair inference as to his position,
If they are published, together with Mr. Van Bu
ren's opinions on the same rubject, it will be
found that he, Van Buren, stands in a more hos
tile attitude to pre emptioners than Mr. Clay, and
that in reference to the settlement of the public
lands he has gone further to denounce it than Mr
Clay. In 1828, the bill for graduating tho price
of the public lands was before the Senate. An
attempt was made in April of that year, to amend
the bill by providing for settlement and pre emp
(ion rights, and Mr. Van Buren voted acaihst
it! as will be seen by reference to Senate Journal,
1827, '28, pages 306, 7, and 8. This, we be-
lieve, was the only time during Mr. Van Buren's
Senatorial career that the subject of pre-emptions
came directly before the Senate, and it was em.
braced by him to signify by his recorded vote, his
hostility to pre-emptions. What will pre emp
tioners gain by repudiating Clay and going for
Van Buren? After Mr. Van Buren became
President, he used towards pre-emptioners the
tome language used by Mr. Clay. Mr. Clay
called not the mass, but a portion of the settlers
who had been guilty of violent acls, intruders-'
while Mr. Van Buren styles all settlements on
the public lands, intrusions. We present be.
low an extract from his first annual message, and
with that dismiss the subject. Our readers have
both aides; they can draw their own conclusions.
Extract from Mr. Van Buren's Message to Con'
grtss, December, 1837.
"A modification of the existing laws in re
spect to the prices of the public lands ought also
to have a favorable influence on the legislation of
Congress, in relation to. another branch of the
subject. Many who have not the ability to buy
at present prices, settle on those lands, with the
hope of acquiring from their cultivation the means
of purchasing under pre-emption laws from time
to time passed by Congress. For this encroach
ment on the rights of the United States, they excuse
themselves under the plea of their own necessi
ties; the fact that they dispossess nobody, and
only enter upon the waste domain; that they give
additional value to the public lands in their vicin
ity; and their intention ultimately to pay the
Government price. So much weight has from
lime to time been attached to these consideraliens,
that Congress have passed laws giving actual
settlers on the public lands a right of pre-emption
to the tracts occupied by tbem at the minimum
price. These laics have in all instances letn retro
spective in their operation; but in a few years after
their passage, crowds of new settlers hate been
found en the public lands, for similar reasons, and
under like expectations, who have bun indulged
uiith the same privilege. This course of legislation
tends to impair public respect for the laws of the
country. Either the laws to prevent INTRUSION
upon the public lands should be executed, or, if
i In t should be impracticable or inexpedient, they
should be modified or repealed. If the public
lands are to be considered as open to be occupied
by any, they -should, by law, be thrown open to
all. That which Is intended, in all instances, to
be legalized, ahould at once be made legal, that
those who are disposed to conform to the laws
may enjoy at least equal privileges with those
who are not. But it is not believed lobe the dispn.
sition of Congress to open the public lands to
occupancy without regular entry and payment of
juixmmcju price, as sucn a course must tend
to worse exits than the credit system, which it was
jouna necessary to abolish. It would seem, there
fore, to be the part of wisdom and sound poliry to
remove, as far as practicable, the causes which pro
duce INTRUSIONS upon the public lands, and
THEN TAKE EFFICIENT STEPS TO PRE
VENT THEM IN FUTURE. Would any sin
gle measure be so effective in removing all plau
sible grounds fur these intrusions as the gradua
tion of price already suggested! A short period
of industry and economy in any part of our coun
try would enable the poorest citizen to accumulate
the means to buy him a home at the lower prices,
and leave biro without apology for settling on
lands not bis own. If be did uot, under such cir
cumstance, ha would enlist no sympathy in his
favor; and THE LAWS WOULD BE READILY
EXECUTED, WITHOUT DOING VIOLENCE
TO PUBLIC OPINION."
"Entertaining these views, I recommend the
passage of a pre-emption raw for their benefit, in
coojmoUoo with the preparatory steps towards the
fraduelion of the price of the poblio Unas, AND
URTIIER AND MORE EFFECTUAL PRO
VISIONS TO rKVENT INTRUSIONS HERE
AFTER: Indulgence to thoso who have Settled
on these lands with expectations that past legis
lation would be made a rule lur tne luture, ana
at the same time removing the most plausible
ground on which INTRUSIONS are excused, and
adopting more efficient means to prevent them
here Iter appear to me tne most jvatctout aispoti-
tioti which can De made or mis aimcuit sunjeci.
fhe limitations and restrictions to guard against
abuses in the execution of a pre-emption law,
ill necessaril -attract the careful attention of
Congress; BUT UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES
IS IT CONSIDERED .EXPEDIENT TO AU
THORIZE FLOATING CLAIMS IN ANY
SHAPE. They have been heretofore, and doubt
lens would be hereafter, MOST PROLIFIC
SOURCES OF FRAUD AND OPPRESSION,
and instead of operating to confer the favor of the
Government rn industrious settlers, AKE lit 1 en
USED ONLY TO MINISTER TO A SPIRIT
OF CUPIDITY AT THE EXPENSE OF THE
MOST MERITORIOUS OF THAT CLASS." .
We now come lo the chsrge of "bargain," &c,
Mr. Clay preferred Mc. Crawford to Mr. Ad
nms in the canvass of 1824; but Mr. Crawford
aside, and he preferred Mr, Adams to Gen. Jack
son, and voted for him, legislative instructions to
the contrary notwithstanding, and was appointed
by him Secretary of State: but all this proves
nothing improper against either, of these gentle.
men. These are the "facts" the editor of the
Democrat calls the attention of the publio to, and
closes his article in the following language:
"'We never have, in our columns, said
that Mr. Clay "bargained" for the office of Sec
rotary of State; but we leave these facts lor can
did men to draw their own conclusions."
Although the editor may never have written
anything himself,1 charging Mr. Clay with "bar.
gaining," in his paper of April 3d will be found
an extract of a speech, copied from another pa
per, containing the letters of Mr. Kremer, from
which the charge first started, and upon which,
the sub editor in part relies to prove its correct
ness. But with the above facts, and a few others
we propose giving, in answer to the article of the
sub editor, we refer the whole matter to the same
He proceeds to ask, what is the evidence given
by the Times to vindicate Mr. Clay's reputation?
and answers the question himself," in the follow
ing language: "Simply a letter of one Carter
"Beverly! who, it seems, without knowing any
of the facts in relation to the matter, had aided
"in giving circulation to the charge!" Mr. Bev
erly is here spoken contemptuously of, and made
to Occupy the position of a mere dolt, for perfor
ming that ennobling act of rendering justice to a
man whom he had once injured. The terms in
which he is spoken of would lead the reader lo
believe that he was some common place kind of
a fellow, who had accidentally heard the charge,
and was aiding in circulating it, without knowing
what he was doing. Let us see whit kind of
company he kept, and how he found out what
he knew about it. The following is an extract
from a letter written by Mr. Beverly, which did
more than anything else to bring the matter be.
fore the public he said:'- "
"I have just returned from Gen. Jackson's I
found a crowd of company with him. Seven Vir
ginians were of the number. He gave me a most
cordial reception, and urged me lo stay some
days longer with him. tie told me this mornm
before all his company, in reply to a question
put to him concerning the election of John Q
Adams to the Presidency, that Mr. Clay's friends
made a proposition to his fnends that, if they
would promise for him not to put Mr. Adams into
the seat of secretary of state, Ulay and hi
friends would in one hour make him (Jackson)
the f resident.
It appears from the above that Mr. Beverly
must have known something about the charge
thnt he either got his information from a high
source or it was forged for the purpose of injuring
Mr. Clay. Be that as it may Mr. Beverly ac
knowledges that the "greatest injustice" was done
Mr. Clay and that he is prompted by an ''act
of conscience" te contradict anything he may
have said or written: and it was for discharging
this "act of conscience" he is spoken contempt
uouslyofl Shame! Shame!! '
We pass on to the Hon. Mr. Kremer of Pa
and his letter speaking of which the sub says
"Mr. Kremer then a member of the House of
of Representatives published a letter some weeks
before the election came on, in which he flatly
charged Mr. Clay with the "corrupt bargain."
"Mr. C. on seeing this letter, published a card
in which he stated, could he ascertain the author
he would bold him responsible to the code 'of
honor. When this card appeared, Mr. K. imme
diately acknowledged himself the author, yet Mr.
Uay took good care not lo cail him to the
In Mr. Clay's Address, issued some time after
the Presidential election, on the subject of the
charges against him, speeding of the letter of Mr.
Kremer, alluded to in the above extract from the
Democrat, he sbvs:
"That he Kremer was not the author of the
letter he has deliberately admitted to Mr. Crow.
ninshield, former Secretary of the Navy. That
he was not acquainted with its contents, - that is,
did not comprehend the import of its terms, has
been sufficiently established. To Gov. Kent,
Col. Lillle, (who voted in the House of Represen
tatives for Gen. Jackson) Col. Brent of Louisi
ana, and Mr. Diggea, he disclaimed all intention
of imputing anything dishonorable to me."
The following statements corroborate the last
sentences in the above extract. Mr. Kremer was
furnished with copies of these statements, with a
request that he would examine them, and if he
discovered any inaccuracies, to suggest such alter
ations as he should deem necessary. (See Niles'
Register, vol. 28, p. 25.
February 25, 1825.
I stito without hesitation, that on the day oa
which the debate took place in the House of Rep
resentatives, on the proposition to refer Mr.
Clay's communication respecting "Mr. Kremer's
card" lo a committee, I heard Mr. Kremer declare
at the fire place, in the lobby of the House of
Representatives, in a manner and language which
I believed sincere, that ha never intended to charge
Mr. Clay with corruption or dishonor id his in
tended vote for Mr. Adams as President, or that
be had transferred, or could transfer the votes or
interest of his friends; that be (Mr. Kremer) was
among the last men in the nation to make such a
charge against Mr. Clay, and that bis (Mr. Kra
mer's) letter never waa intended to convey the
ideas given to it. The substance of the above
conversation I immediately communicated to Mr.
Buchanan snd Mr. Hemphill, of Pennsylvania,' snd
Mr. DwisM of Massachusetts, of the House of
Representative. ,..WM. BRENT, (of Lou.)
I wss present, and heard the observation, as
above stated, in a conversation between Mr. Brent
snd Mr. Kremer. PUTER LITTLE, (of Md.)
Mr. Digget, 'who :iwas present when the conver
sation' referred to took place, has alarmed the
truth of Mr. Brent's statement, as follows: .
.-. - Maoh118250
In the National Journal I perceive my name
mentioned, as to a conversation which took p'ac
in I the lobby of the House of Representatives, be
tween Mr. Brent or Louisiana and mr. uremer,
snd I feel ho hesitation in saying that Mr Brent's
stutement in the paper of this day, is substantially
correct. WILLIAM DUDLEY DIGGES.
Extract from a letter from Joseph Kent, Gov-
ernorof Maryland, to a gentleman of Frankfort
Kentucky, dated , . '
itosEMOXT, may torn, ion. ,.
"I have seen so little ef late from your State
upon the subject or politics, that t do not Know
whether the violence of the opposition to the pres
ent Administration has extended Itself among; you
or not. Our friend Mr. Clay appear to be the
chief object of persecution jmlu the opposition.
Thev are with crest industry conducting a syste.
matical attack upon him which commenced witn
the Kremer storv, which was an entire fabrication.
At the time the plot opened l was a memoer or
the House of Representatives, and heard Kremer
declare he never designed to charge Mr. Clay
wilh anv thinir dishonorable in his lilo."
"The old man, naturally honest, was imposed
on at the time by a powerful influence, and con.
strained to set his' part in ad affair, which from
beginning to end, was as mucrr Bclion as the
Merrv Wives ot Windsor, or the school tor
Scandal.". . . . ' , . . , .
Comment on the above is unnecessary, and we
leave the subject as above stated, until revived
by our opponents.. 't .!: ".: t ..r. ' ,.. i
D3ln answering : the remarks of the editor
and Lis sub, the correspondent of the Democrat,
"Jefferson," has, to some extent, been answered
also; which is as much notice . as we will here
bestow on him leaving him a prey, to the pre.
judice and ignorance to which he ia wedded.
CLUB MEETING. '
, A meeting of the "Democratic Whig Club of
Howard county" was held in the Court House
in this place on Saturday last, at which the fol
lowing resolutions were adopted: '
Resolved, That in the reeehtelections which have
taken place in different sections of tbe Union, we
witness with pleasure the election of a majority
of Whigs and the triumph of Whig principles;
and that these results stimulate us to action in
the defence of those principles which we believe
to be essential to the welfare of our country.
Resolved, That we are in favor of the principle
of Protection to American Labor, and that we
look upon the recent attempt of the majority in
Conrrreis to repeal the present wise and judicious
tariff, as a move fraught with evil to the country,
and which ought to be frowned down by the people;
and furthermore, that the result or the recent elec
tions ought to cause the majerity in Congress to
pause and reflect, ere they further, at this time
disturb this question.
' Resolved, That the President be authorized to
appoint snch number of Delegates as he may deem
expedient, to the- different Conventions proposed
to be- held in this stale previous to the election
and that -he report the names of such Delegates
to the next meeting or this UIuo.
Resolved, That the Secretary be authorized, to
purchase a book and keep a regular minute of the
proceedings of this Ulfib therein- . ; ,
After the adoption of the above resolutions,
Col. Davis being called on, addressed the Club
at some length. He opened his speech by giving
a brief notice of the "good tidings that had ar
rived since the', last meeting of the Club, in the
shape of election news and indulged in some
plessant remarks on the manner in which that
"same old coon" had opened the canvass of
1844, (as in 1840) spoke of the tariff Van
Buren extravagance the Van Buren debt and
the locofoco Slate debt of Missouri, &c, 6zc.
An invitation was given to any person pres
ent, Whig or Loco, to address tho meeting,
which was accepted by Dr. Lowry, who made a
short speech in answer to Col. Davis, to which
Col. D. replied and was replied to again, by
J. S. Jackson, who was replied to by Joel Prew
itt, after which the meeting adjourned, sine die,
with an understanding that the notice of the next
meeting be given through the public prints.
A meeting of the Glasgow Club was also held
on Saturday. Mr. Leonard, upon invitation, ad-
dressed tbe Club, and was answered by Mr. De
Courcy, the editor of the Pilot, and assistant
elector for this district.
The "Madisonian" of the 12th ult., announ
ces officially, that the Texas treaty of annexation
waa signed by the President that day, end would
be submitted to the Senate for ratification as soon
as the accompanying documents could be gotten
ready. , ' '
Mr. Colt recently made an experimental trial
of his sub marine battery, in the east branch of
the Potomac river, which proved eminently suc
cessfulblowing up a ship of five hundred tons
burden, while under a full press of canvass,
vast concourse of persons witnessed the sight.
See advertisement ef the steamer Liwis F,
Lisa, , She is said to be a fine boat, end under
the direction of her popular commander, Captain
Kensett, and her polite and gentlemanly Clerk,
W. C. Jewztt, Esq. is destined to be a popular
packet. , ,
Ladies Fair. The Ladies of Glasgow
design having a fair on the 28th inst. for
benevolent purposes. The gallant young
gentlemen of the country are particularly
invited to attend. It is hoped no one will
forget his pocket book as he will be sure to
want it. Success to the Ladies Fair say
rjCPThe Boonville Register of last week
contains a call on Gen. Ferry, of that
place, to become an independent locofoco
candidate for Congress.
In the Register of this week, Gen. Ferry
declines becoming a candidate.
DCPCol. Benton has left his residence in
Kentucky, and returned to Washington
to resume his seat in tho Senate.' He has
entirely recovered from the injury received
on board the Princeton excepting the loss
of hearing in Uti left car.
The prevailing impression seems to be
that the Tariff -will 'Tier be touched lint
session. Senator Benton has ,xpTpsed
himself opposed ' to any J change At this
time as halt Mr Berrien .of Georgia, and
Mr. Choate of Massachusetts. It is very
doubtful whether the House of Represen.
tattves will pass the new tariff bill, reported
by the majority of the committee pf Ways
and Means; if it ahould pass tho ' House,
It cannot'; gertjirough .thf Seriate,. Till
yearor two, the tariff will have 'sufficiently
tried itself,, and Congress can see wherein
U requires alteration and amendment.
fJCr'Thd Reporter says we dii the dem
ocrats of Sf. 'Louis injustice, in the notice
we made of the: late riot in that city. We
said it"was a locofoco affair: the Reporter
says it was not justly chargeable on the
locos. We do. not wish to accuse the locos
wrongfully, for the Lord knows they have
enough of sins justly imputed to them lying
at their doors to send them to
s i t .
; CQFrank Johnson the pelebratcd po!
ored musician died in Philadelphia on the
Gth'uk. For fifteen or twenty years past,
he1 had been tijef leader of the princfpaT
band in the city, of Philadelphia, and al
though noticed and caressed by the white
citizens, he never forgot his station, or
what was due to those around', "above or
below Him.':'.- ' ' .'" ' '' 1..'.f'; "'
Five ' Hundred Killed! There ' has
been a terrible battle between the British
in India and the natives, in which five thou
sand were killed, ; and a -great ..many
wounded. -:! '.' i ' '
DThe following extract from the Mis
souri - Reporter, payB a very handsome
compliment to the present and late editor
of the Glasgow Pilot. ' '
"J.'T. Ouesenberry, Esq., former editorof
the Glasgow Pilot, announces in that paper of
the 4th inst., that the editorial management
thereof, will be, for the present, under the con-1
uqI of J-A.' De Courcy, Esq., '"a gentleman
of fine abilities and a Democrat of the first
order." ' Tho compliment thus paid lo Mr. De
Courcy we cheerfully endorse, and believe he
will be round battling aoly in deience ot those
principles and that cause which his own mind
convinces him is right, i.i:. i :
"Mr. Q. intimates that he shall start a new
Democratic paper at aomt other point. We
wish him success in whatever enterprise he may
undertake.. Hitherto he has shown himself to be
firm, consistent and free in his action, and al
though we have frequently differed with hira on
minor questions, yet we have always been pleased
at his bold and gentlemanly couise as a public
journalist and as a man. " He is, as an editor
always should De, a tearless oeiender oi tne
freedom of speech and 6f tbe press.' -
DCyit is' very astonishing that the work
ing class; the bone and sinew of our enter
prising State, should cling to Thomas II.
Benton an aristocratic nabob who despi
ses them, and if he had the power would
trample them under his feet a man pro
fessing to represent Missouri in the Senate
of the United States who cares nothing
for her interests who resides in another
State in an almost princely manner and
who only visits Missouri every two years
to chalk out work for the Legislature. But
the day of Judgment is at hand and he has
already prepared himself for the awful
doom which awails him. Read the follow
ing extract from the Reporter.
"Col. Benton's farm in Kentucky is worth
$60,000, even in these hard times. He displays
his usual sagacity in improving it, with a view to
menu iv a bviuivitauig icucai.
LATE FROM SANTA FE.
Capt. St. Vrain of the firm of Bent and
St. Vrain, with seven others, arrived in this
place on Thursday last, direct from Fort
William on the Big Arkansas, Irom whom we
have been enabled to gather a few items of
news from the Mexican country.
Every thing at Santa Fee is stated to be
quiet and calm, with nothing occurring to
cause outbreaks, convulsions, or anything
in the shape of violence on the part of the
citizens. Goods of all kinds common to
that country, are selling at very reduced
prices, compared with former years, and
the amount on hand still being sufficient to
satisfy the demanJ. The trade is now en
tirely in the hands of the Spaniards, no
American having any goods to dispose of.
A new governor, Mariano Chaves, has been
appointed in'Santa Fe, until certain chnr j
ges, which have been preferred against Ar
mgo the former governor, shall be investi
gated. 'If! '.Is thought however, that .rmijo
will be re-established, as it is : believed hat 1
the charges are groundless we4 have not
been informed as to the nature ol the char
ges brought against Armijo, but it is thought
that he is defaulter to the government Tor
a considerable sum of money, and this prob
ably, is one of the charges alleged against
The winter in the mountains has heen nn
usually mild, and in consequence thereof.
. L k.-A"..!. a. . , . . . . '
iub uuuaiu iiuvb not oeen ariven Irom the
plains, ana tne traders in peltry will come
in with but a limited supply, with other
The cold mines in the vicinity nf Sam-
Fee, have been worked very extensively
during the last year, and have been more
productive than for many years past. A
large company of American traders will be
here in the course of a momh. fmm nu
huahua, who it is said, have done well in
the trade, and will bring in with them n
large amount of bullion, coin &c. 'The
present actinr governor sav ihi .n-....
on hi. part, shall be lacking to have the
trade again opened this sprins-mdee.l ih.
whole mass or the people are anxiou, that
the trade shall open, but it is thh7 ."V"
uncertn.rr when this may be cit.ctfed.--a-
From the St. Louis A"tu Era, April 29i.
5 x)l )l VBEBSf r oil r.i X
Last Saturday evening the Circuit Court pro-
nounced eeritenca on John' McDnVitl,! David
McDaniel snd Joseph-JJrown, three of the mur
derers of Charvis, the Mexican trader. After
the prisoners were , placed at the bar, the Court
asked if ihey had any thins to say. why sentence
of death should not he pronounced against them;
whereupon each one ol .the prisoners addressed
the Court i for a -few minutes, protesting their
Innocence ' and denouncing their accomplice
Mason, who had turned1 States' rvldenCe; they
also prayed the Court to delay the time of execo-
tton es long us uic law pcrmmeu, in viuii m
?;ive them time to engoge their friends JO '.obtain
rom the , President a pordorTbr mitigation of
, The elder McDaniel seemed but little, effected,!
and in his address to the Court maintained that,
bold and fearless self possession which . has'
n a. ked him as the master) spirit hhd prime mover
throughout this whole frHgfdy." The otheflwcV'
Br6wn find David McDaniel, appeared, sensibly
of their awful position, and displayed more pehi-'
tence, and were earnest in their entreaties for
the Unity of the "Court. '' They were all .thtea
sentenced to be executed on the 14th day ofJune
next, and then remanded back to prison. '
. Thomas Towiofi,"' convicted upon' the aaroa
indictment, was also.roujht into Court, and
when the question was asked why the law sheald'
not be passed 'upon him,' he arose, laboring
under great depression of spirit, and spoke at
some length, corroborating, it is said, in his
statement of the facts, neatly every word of
Mason's testimony. Taking info consideration
the situation ,of his mind, and also that a recom
mendation to mercy hod been signed by the Jury
that convicted him, the Court suspended judgment
and ordered him back to Jail.
Morton, McCormack, and Harris, ho were
convicted ef .larceny, received their sentences
some days since: tbey were each fined 910 and
to be imprisoned for 9 months. Three or four
of the party have fled from justice, and are yet
at large. Thus has ended one of the most daring
and horrid tragedies that has ever come before
a Jury of this Stale. 5 .'
The U, S. Circuit Court adjourned on Saturday
evening .for two weeks. t- . ' .
, 0The St. Louis New Era says: The
(rial of Joseph Single, for cutting timber
on the public lands, came up yesterday in
the United States Court. lie was found
guilty and the Jury assessed the damages
at twenty-seven dollars and twenty-five
cents. The cost we learn is very heavy,
and will exceed five hundred dollars, which
the defendant will have to pay. . ;
. , . .. . j
Cr'Walter Forward, the late Secretary
of the Treasury, has come out plump for
Henry Clay and the tariff.
, St.' Louis, April 20
Remarks The market presents a very;
quiet aspect, but prices generally have been
pretty well sustained, and we have only
a few changes to notice. The receipts of
n arly all kinds of produce, have been about
the usual amount, and we have been favor
ed with very pleasant weather. -
Flour Business has; improved since
Wednesday, and prices have somewhat stif
fened. We now quote known brands coun
try flour at $3 70 a $3 75, and in moderate
demand. i . . , .-,
Pork There is little or nothing doing in
this article, the receipts being mostly for
re-sliipment, and we continue our previous
figures, say for mess $7; clear mess $7 50,
and prime $5 50, at which prices there is
Beef This article is entirely neglected.
Bacon The market is dull and drooping,
and stock accumulating. We now quote
ribsides 3.; clear 31c; shoulders 8 a Sic.
in casks, and hams at 3 a 31c. as in quality.
Tobacco The receipts have increased
within a few days, but holders are withhold
ing jt from the market and sales have been
light, and at previously quoted prices.
There are a number of purchasers in the!mar
ket, and all descriptions are in demand.
Hemp The receipts continue heavy,
much of which, however is for re-shipment.
There is no change in the price. The
range of the market for dew-rotted is from
$65 to $75 per ton, and for water-rotted
$100 to $1 )0 per ton. ,-.
Flax seed Is in fair demand at 90c. a ft
per bushel. ...
, Hemp seed Wo quote at $1 a t 25 par.
Potatoes The market being pretty well
supplied by receipts, the demand has subsi
ded and the price declined. We now quote
the article at 30 to 37c, as in quality.
1 New Obliins, April 20.
During the past few day there has been less
activity in business thin we noticed in the early
part of the week. Western produce is arriving ia
great abundance, and the market in consequence is
ToBAOCo.i-The irood feelinir has
a largo business has been transacted, amounting ;
to fully 1,500. hhds. The market thus relieved .
of a considerable portion of the slock present
great firmness and prices are niore in favor of
sellers, but there is no necessity for making any
alterations in our figures, and we 'quote inferior '
and ordinary lots ls a 1 for X, 2 a 2 for see
ondsi and 3 a S)e for firsts; fair lots 2, 3 and c;
u.i iuu wu selections a a zj, aj a 3 j, and
FwrR Fresh Ohio $1 20 to 1 25, but lots
in store can be bought for less. Extra brands for
bakers use $4 25 a 4 40 per barrel.
Pob. Arrivals larce and market dull. Mes
$9; M. O. $8; prime ftft 75 per bbl. .
Beef Quiet without ch in prices,
ii i'-?rn ?lei, barrels 9 a f?60;" half bbls.
l.ARi),-A fair demand, chiefly for nhinm.n. i
extras10 middUn-- W V 1 5
BAcoN--Enotiiry good tnd .bundant suDDlies
num. ij a 4ic. ordinam ...... D.I t ,1.1..
sugar-cured (5 , 8c p lb" ', ' ci
6 jc on time.
n time " 1 ' 6Jc CMn' ind '
non, 2uo per gallon.
rectified IS a 19c; com.
nZ. "f'M fur -helIl corn good, and '
price are to erahlv .oil :!T ?"""
t-llii ..... .
doing t'" u s o jr.i put thf re is lillle
' V- ':'' ' '- : H - .
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