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THIS HOO.V LICK TIMES,
runLtMHGD WEEKLT BT
BENSON & GREEN.
IVo Doli.ari in advance, or Three Dollars
at tlit end or the year.
BATES OF ADVERTISING.
Onr Dollar per sqimro, of twelve lines or less,
far the first insertion, and Fifty Cents per square
Tor each subsequent insertion.
Where the insertion of an advertisement is or
dered, without the number of insertions being spe
cified, it will be inserted, (at the discretion of the
publishers) until forbid, and charged accordingly.
A'l advertisements from strangers, as well as al!
rdcrs for job-work, must be accompanied with
the cash, or a reference to some responsible and
WH D. M ALONE, H,..,:ii.
fl. B. Coates, Huntsv.lle.
To the Citizens or Howard.
subscriber respectfully offers his services
JL to the citizens of Howard as a Repairer
fT Fia Clocks and Watches. Work warranted
id be well done. Reference to his qualifications
J. Shaw Sl Co. J
G. W. COOKE.
JWbnvilla October 20th, 1944.
1 W. COOKE, Boonvii.le, Mo., can suit any
VJT person, from 25 to 100 years of age, with
Spectacles. Those who doubt, will plense call at
the sign of the Watch and Spectacles, Main street,
Boonville, and try a lew pair, l'nce Iroin a; J
cents to Siia.dt).
Boonville, October 20th, 1S44.
IV EW STORE.
. By tbe politeness of Mr. H. B. Benedict,
Wholesale Grocer, dealer in Dry Goods, Queens
ware, Hardware, Cutlery, &c, Boonville, Mo.,
the tubsciiber is enabled to inform the people
ef Howard and Northern counties generally, that
Ci has now just opened and christened the new
in the Brick Building, formerly occupied by II.
hrisman situated East, and directly in front of
thn Court House, Fayette, where all are respect
fully solicited to call.
Among the goods I wish to keep,
Are Benton Brooms wherewith to sweep,
But stop, it may be well to mention,
That Coffee lias my prime attention,
Of which the puiest and most mellow,
Is of a hue that's not quite yellow,
Nor is it of the deepest green,
.But just about the half between.
To Sugar next, attention's paid,
1 have the best that's ever made,
Double refined St. Louis Loaf,
And New Orleans quite good enough;
Also with us you find good Teas,
Such as young Hyson, if you please,
Gunpowder and Imperial,
All good to taste, as well as smell.
. f Upon our board you also find,
Good Cheese; and Spice of divers kind,
Black Pepper, and Cloves and Allspice,
With now and then, perhaps, a mice.
Cinnamon and Ginger, both rase,
And ground and goodly lot of Mace,
Nutmeg, Spruce and Cassia, 0 no,
I mean the stuff to lighten dough.
Arid Chocolate, so good to drink,
It's sure to make one crack a wink,
A fine assortment of Queensware,
Composed of Teas of Granite fair,
Pitchers, Bowls, Urns and Basins white,
Fluted Coffee cups, handles right,
Some blue, red, brown and commondelf,
But just come in and suit yourself.
Domestic goods, we have a lot,
Of the richest prints, and what not,
Granite, Coon, Shaker brown sheeting,
.And Lowell bleached to wear to meeting,
Broad Cloths, Casimercs, Casinet,
All of the best that we could get,
Saddler's Tacks, and Collins' Axes,
Patent Noblocks and Norfolk Latches,
Butts, Parliament Rinses, and Screws,
Slippers, Bootees, Boots, Pumps and Shoes,
Table Spoons, Tea Spoons, Copperas,
Logwood, Alum, good Window Glass,
Shot, Bar Lead, Powder, Painted pails,
3, 4, 6, 8, and 10 penny Nails,
Sad Irons, Augurs, and Shovels,
Tea Kettles, Pots, Skillets, and Ovens,
Pocket Knives, Table Knives and Forks,
Ai sorts Stone-ware, plenty of Corks,
Half round Files and large bastard flats,
Traps with holes to catch little rats,
Spun Thread, Molasses and Bar Soap,
Good Tallow Candles and small rope,
Wood Combs, Ridding Combs, and Curry,
And Puff, to fix in a flurry,
. Malaga, Medeira, Port Wine,
Raw Cotton not yet made in twine,
And divers other little things,
Not worth while to twist in strinjs.
E. A. BENEDICT.
Fayette, Febcuary 1st, 1845.
ILOUR. A superior article of Flour, just re
? ceived and for sale by J. D. PERRY St Co.
Fayette, April 6th, 1645.
FLAX-SEED wanted by J. D. PERRY ij- Co.
Fayette, April 5th, 1345.
1 A. BENEDICT will continue to be nmply
ii. supplied with the above named article, and
all others now on hand, and will continue to sell at,
or below Boonville prices.
Fayette, February 1st, 1645.
TTCrilEAT wanted by
J. D. FERRY St Co.
VV Fayette, April 5th, 1845.
OOTS. SHOES, HATS AND CAPS. Just
received and lor sale low Dy
J. 1). mKKY- 6t UO.
Fayette, Oct. 19th, 1844.
SALT. A quantity of salt for sole at the store of
J. D. PERRY St Co.
Fayette, October 10ib, 1844.
CHRISTIAN HYMNS. Just received 100 cop
ies Christian Hymns, for sale by E. HART.
Boonville, May 3d, 1845.
TIOCKET LAWYER The pocket lawyer orev
X ery man his own lawyer, just published at a
low price and for sale by
way 10, 1845. E. HART, Boonville.
Very Cheap Iflank Rooks.
4 LARGE lot of Blank Books of every des.
XjL cription, well manufactured and cheap, just
received and tor sale Dy
may 10, 1845. v E. HART, Boonville
BOOM LICK TIMES.
ERROR CEASES TO BE DA NG ERO US, WHEN REASON IS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT IT." Jefferson.
Vol.0. FAYETTE, MISSOURI, SATUHHAY', JiWE 7, 1843. Io. IS.
Rev. Dr. Bartholomew's
Pink Expectorant Syrup.
An agreeable Cordial, and Effective Remedy for
COUGHS, HOARSENESS, COLDS, PAIN
IN THE BREAST, INFLUENZA, HARD
BREATHING, and DIFFICULT EXPEC
TORATION. For Adults and Children in cold climates and warm.
It has remained to a late day to discover an
article so admirably fitted to these compluints; so
powerful and effectual, and yet so perfectly inno
cent and mild.
Let not the public class the scientific result of
a learned l'hysicran and Divine with the nos
trums of the day. Let them make a careful peru
sal of the evidences attending this article; their
respectability, and the decided manner in which
they speak, and they cannot withhold their belief
to tome ol its virtues. L.ei us assure them that a
single trial of it will do more to convince all of
its merits t'mn all they can see or hear on the
subject. It is quite certain that no injury lias
ever been known to arise trom its tree U9e.
An uncommon fact is, that this remedy i a
syrup, as palatable and pleasant to the taste as
the most populur t rencli cordials, and children
take it always with the greatest readiness.
For sale at the Drug and Book store of Dr. Wm.
R. Snelson, Fuyetle. Also, at the Drug store of
Dr. A. K. Uber, Ulasgow.
March 1st, 1815.
From the. Western Citizen, Chicago.
(VV-ReadI Read!! To the citizens of Chicngo
but to the ladies in particular. In former days
the proprietor, (whether in the shape of medicine
or otherwise) was duly respected, and we think
that some of that old-fashioned purity still exist;
and our benevolence extends thus fur, that we do
not charge any community with dishonesty anil
ingratitude, save those who have tried to palm on
an unsuspecting public various hair tonics', call
ing them genuine, &c. Fellow-citizens, tl.ere is
but one genuine hair tonic, and if you wish a
rich, luxuriant head of hair, do not fail to pro
cure it. The "Balm of Columbia" has restored
the hair to virgin perfection upon those who have
been bald for years. Age, state or condition ap
pears to be no obstacle whatever. It stimulates
the cutaneous vessels, causing the fluid to flow,
and tens of thousands, nay more, whose heads
are grey B9 the badger of the prairie, have hod
their hair restored to its natural color, by tlia use
of this first, best hair tonic, upon which you may
explicitly depend. In conclusion, do not be put
off with any other article. Enquire for Oldridges
balm of Columbia, manufactured by Comstock &
Co. All others are spurious counterfeits and ut
For sale at the Diug and Book store of Dr. Wm.
R. Snelson, Fayette. Also, at the Drug store of
Dr. A. it. Uber, Glasgow.
March 1st, ltiio.
Regular Weekly racket for Jefferson City,
Boonville and Olagow
The Steamboat WAPELLO,
N. J. Eaton, Master, will re-
some her regular trips from
St. Louis to Ulusgow, on the opening of naviga
tion in the Spring and will continue mem tnrougti
out the season. She will leav.o St. Louis every
Saturday afternoon, at six o'clock, and will reach
J . -it... j .1 fll-,.
UlasgOW early on j.uunuuy, aim win iraio urns-
gow for St. Louis every Tuesday morning at 10
The Wapello is new, staunch built, and unsur
oassed in speed by any boat on the Missouri.river,
and has uncommonly eood accommodations for
passengers. Her officers are experienced in the
trade and will make every exertion to give genera)
For freight, or passage, apply on board or to
Agent at Glasgow.
February 1st, 1845.
Regular Weekly Packet.
The splendid and fast run
ning Steamer, LEWIS F.
LINN, M. Kenneit, master,
will resume tier regular trips on the opening of
navigation, leaving St. Louis every Monday at 6
o'clock, P. M. Wi'l be at Jefferson City and
Nashville on Tuesday, and at Rocheport, Boon
ville. 'jIositow and Brunswick on Wednesday.
Returning, sue will leave Driii nutiucn
M.. Thursday. Pass Glas20w, Boonville.
Rochenortand Nashville, same evening, and reach
St. Louis early Saturday morning.
The Linn having undergone morougii repairs
and accommodations that cannot be excelled, may
bo relied on by Passengers and Shippers for the
same regularity and polite attention from her
experienced officers that have heretofore charac
February 22d. 134a.
W. II. Mc!iLSTKr,
TO t'Ol'.VTKY JIERCBI.l.Yr.
Hals at Wholesale.
TTTM. H. McKIN'STRY, 23 Market Street,
V St. Louis, Mo., has just received for the
Spring s Wholesale trade a much larger and bct'or
selected stock of hats than he has ever before had,
which, with tine qualities of his own manufucturo,
will make one of the most complete assortments
everotlered in St. Louis.
His stock consists of the following varieties, viz:
Fashionable Nutria; Low cruwuud hussm;
" Russia; " Tlated;
' riuin; " Coney:
" CasMiiicro; " Ashland bluo do,
" Pearl " Medium shape Russia;
" B'ue " Square crowned Blue;
Silk Round crowned do;
" Cushmere brim do. drab and black wool hats;
" Coney Leghorn bats;
Men's and bov's wool sporting, Ax., Stc.
la each of the above kinds are various qualities,
from very low priced up to the very finest worn
and each quality the best he has ever had for the
Country merchants will find it to their interest
to call and examine befoie mukiDg their purchases
St. Louis, march W-ltl,
BACON WANTED by J. D. PERRY A- Co.
Fayette, April 5th, 1845.
ELLIOTT'S celebrated Razors, for sale by
Fayette, august 21th, 1844.
Spring and Summer ootfs.
HAVING oooued our stock of SPRING GOODS,
we would take! this method to invite our
friends and customers to call and examine our pat
terns and prices. Among our selections may be
Fine and Superfine wool black cloth,
Drap D'Eto, a new and beautiful article) for
si miner coats,
Single mill'd fancy Cassimers,
Satin velvet and fancy vestings,
Gambroons, drillings and cottonades,
Italian black and fancy silk cravats,
Rep de Laines, B ilzaiines,
Lawns and fancy prints,
Ki I, silk and fillet nett gloves,
Fillet nett i fingered mitts,
Black and fancy silk hose,
" " white cotton do.,
Jet necklaces, hair and breast pins,
Braid and straw bonnets,
Bonnet, cap and neck ribbon,
Artificials, new styles,
Silk points and cravats,
Thread laces and edgings,
Jaconet inserting do.
Lylo do do.
Also A fine stock of Hats, Caps and Shoes,
Nutria Beaver Hats,
Russia Fur do.
Drab Cassimere do.
Glazed lints and Caps,
Palm Li'af Huts,
Fine Calf Bods,
' " Shoes,
Children's and Misses Shoes,
Ladies' Kid Slippers, &c, &.C.,
Together with a good asrortment of Hardware,
Builders I ools and Cutlery,
Llacksrniths raps and files,
Ilnud and tennnt saw do.
Sucket and framing chisels,
American C. S. Augurs,
I l ite, pad and rim locks.
Door latches and cupboard locks,
Iron and brass butt Hinges,
Wood screws and fish hooks,
Grass and Grain Scythes,
Scythe Sneatlis. A-c-, Ax.
We have also Queensware. Saddlery, Horse
Collars, Blind Bridlps and Girths, in short almost
every article requisite to make up a general and
complete assortment of goods.
J. D. PERRY & Co.
Fayette, April 19th, 1315.
SW1TZLER A- SMITH have just opened a small
lot of School Books, and a full supply of
Writing and Letter paper,
German and English Slates,
Blue and Black Ink,
Hazen's Speller and Dofiner,
Webster's and Byerly's Spellers.
do. Elementary Dictionary,
Olney's Geography and Atlas,
Ray's. Pike's, Smilev's and Smith's Arithme
tics, for sale by SWITZLER A- SMITH.
Fayette, April 19th, 1845.
The Boonville Cheap Hardware
T11HE subscribers feel warranted in stating that
JL the city of Boonville has never been fur
nished with an assortment of hardware adequate
to the demand. They have accomplished a selec
tion which in quality, variety and prices, will bear
comparison with any establishment in the West.
Newspaper statements are so common, that read
ers often treat them lightly, but in this case, the
serious attention of purchasers is particularly di
rected to our establishment, and we assure them
that they will not be disappointed.
That their friends, customers and strangers who
are anxious to meet with the best bargains and
the best of assortments, may easily find their es
tablishment, they have put up a large "PAD
LOCK" in front of their store.
They are now receiving their SPRING GOODS,
consisting of, viz:
Table and pocket cutlery,
Butcher, shoe and carving knives,
Razors, scissors and shears,
German silver, Brittania and iron tea and ta
Brittania soup ladles, iron 1 idles i$- skimmers,
1 rays and waiters,
Brittania, brass and jnpan'd candlesticks,
American, carpenters and Scotch spring
Dead, pad, cupboard, trunk, chest, horse, and
No. 1, v and 3 key till locks,
Knobs, and Norfolk latches of different kinds,
Cupboard catches, brass and iron butts,
Table, parliament, strap and T hinges,
B!ind fasteners, sash and screw pulleys,
Bolts and screws of till sizes and qualities,
Gun barrels, gun rips and locks, percussion
nipples, gun cocks and mountings, main
springs, thumblcrs, &c.,
Sheet brass, iron and brass wire,
Weeding, grub'iing, and garden hoes,
Pitch and dung forks, garden rakes,
Soadcs and shovels, troes, wirfie irons,
Waldron's grain and grass scythes, warranted
FramLleand German scythes, sickles,
Trace, ox, log, fifth, breast and halter chains,
Sad irons, teaketMcs, frying pans, grid-irons,
EtU metal, sauce puns, and dinner pots,
Mousehole anvils, Rotterkeyed vices,
Stocks and dies, files of every description,
Rowland's mill saws, cross cut saws,
Spear's genuine hand, (panned and ripping
Planes of every description,
And a great many more articles, too numerous
to mention here. Ail these articles wo oiler very
low for cash or produce, a' the market price.
RRE.MER.MANN & CUNO.
Eoonvillo, April Dili, 1:145.
lids. Superior article, now crop Sugar, on
commission and for sale at St. l.ouis prices
and freights, l,v BALLANTIXE& OUTCALT.
Rocheport, Mareli 2!Jth, 1 13.
I Superior lot of Ready mude clothing, such
J.. as Gents fine cloth dress coats, heavy Sati
nett pants, Vests assorted and nett drawers, to
gether with a tine assortment of shirts, for sale by
KL'NKLE &. KRING.
Fayette, December 14th, 144.
GARDEN SEEDS. Just received a lot of
Fresh Garden Seeds, of the first quality, for
sale cheap, by KIJNKLE y KRING.
Fayette, April 5th, 1815.
Those who wish to purchase a good article of
Sitter Spoons can be accommodated by calling
upon the subscriber, who has on hand, at all times,
Table, Desert, Tea, Cream, Mustard and Salt
Spoons. Tbe highest price will be paid for old
silver, and any kind of silver ware made to order.
G. W. VOOKE.
Boonville, October 19th, 1H1.
The late Methodist convention, hetdjjat
Louisville Ky. representing the conferences
in that church from the slave-holding states,
pnssed a resolution witholding their connec
tion with the conferences of the non-slave-holding
states. Bishops Soule and Andrew,
take charge of the southern division; which
is styled the "Methodist Episcopal Church,
Bishop Andrew, in n speach, detailed the
following facts in regard to himself, which
have some relation to the cause of this di
"An esteemed friend had bequeathed him
a female slave. He took the charge of the
bequest with a fixed resolution that when
the girl had come to a proper nge to provide
for herself, to set her free. The time arri
ved and he requested a friend to communi
cate his intention to the girl, and say to
her, that he was about to manumit her it she
would take her freedom, and that he would
provide for her passage to Liberia, and give
hera sufficiency to render her comfortable on
the passage nnd for a time after her arrival.
She knew all about Liberia, for she can read
as well ns any one, but she pe-remptor;ill
etused to go snving "1 am Iree enough
where I urn, why should I wish to change
my situation nori t send me away: J
could not send her away but pave her a
ot and house; I pav her taxes, and when
she is sick, I feel it a piivi'rga to pay also
ier doctor's bills. 1 las is the history of my
"In the other case the ui.slinp continued.
married a lady of my choice, as 1 had a
icrht to do, who inherited some slaves.
Previous to our Union I proposed to 1 lie
lady that the slaves should be set free. This
was declined. After we were united 1 pro
ceeded to have drawn by alegnl gentleman,
in instrument (as I had a right to do) divpst-
ir.2 myself of all right I may have acquired
in virtue of our marriage.
" It has been asked whv I did not set them
free and turn them over to the free States.
The venerable Bishop said with his knowl
edge of the desredation of the Africans in
those Stales, he could not inflict so great a
miserv on these slaves as to send them thith
er, lie had never separated man and wife,
parents and children, and never would.
"One other light in which he had been
npproachedon the subject, has been to him
the occasion ot great pain. It was a prop
osition to purchase his slaves! A proposi
tion to purchase? (and with an emotion that
almost stifled the utterance of the noble
sentiment, he said,) there was not money
in the U. States sufficient to buy them!
They who made this degrading proposition
did not know him. He knew and loved
these people too well, and they were too
happily domesticated in his family to be
Ireed until he could render their condition
better and their freedom secure from the
vices and innovations of the colored people
in the free States. He felt as free to act
as if he had an untrammelled control over
their destiny for during the painful sus
pense attending the agitating subject in
New York, he had received a letter Irom his
excellent wife, leaving him at full liberty t
act, in reference to her people, as he should
deem it best.
" The Bishop most feelinglv dwelt on the
peculiarly trying difficulties which encom
pased his path. He had never desired to
be found in the way ot compromising the
difficulty growing out ol his case, if by lay
ing down ol his episcopal office were the
only thing to produce that end. Whatever
might be by others thought ol the office,
and he honored it as much as any man. that
should have been laid down. It would give
him heartfelt satisfaction nosv, or tit any
time, to resign the station attended with so
much toil and weariness, for the sweets of
a retirement amidst a circle of private
friends. Could any thing be gained for the
church by the act, my resignation, said
Bishop Andrew, should at once bo laid on
" But he owej it to the Church in the
South to retain his oliice. Humble as were
he willing to think himself, he could not be
persuaded that such a step would have scat
tered the Church. His disposition from his
youth up had been one that had made him
acquainted with and beloved by the slave of
the South. They loved him and he could
not hut lake a deep interest in their tempor
al and spiritual welfare."
Appointments Lu the Presi lcnt.
Harmav Ai.f.xanpk.r, Roister of the
t.ind Olfice at Palestine, Illinois, vice James
M. McLean, removed.
J. Travis Rosskr. Collector of the Cus
loms at Petersburg, Virginia, vice Hugh
John Duncan Appraiser of Merchandise
at New Orleans, vico Robert M. Wellman.
William F. Wagner Marshal of district
of Leuisiona, vice Algernon S. Robinson,
Pikrhe T. Lanout Surveyor General of
I.oisiann, vice Francis D. Newcotnb, re
moved. John R. Macmuudo Treasurer Branch
Mint, New Orleans, La., vice Horace C.
William A. Sparks (of South Carolina)
Consul at enice, vice Joseph lsinda, re
moved. GfcOROE W. Jones, of Wisconsin territo
ry, surveyor of public lands in Wisconsin
and Iowa, vice James W ilson, removed.
Fiikdkrick R. Conway Surveyor of Pub
lie Lands in Missouri and Illinois, vice S.las
Loren Si'encf.r, (Missouri) recorder ol
land tillei in Missouri, vice Frederick R
Conway, appointed surveyor general of II
tinon and Missouri.
Mr. Clay and the Whigs or lite
City of Xcw Y ork.
I.v Central Clay Committee,
City of New York, March 4, IS 15.
TO IIE1SRY CLAY:
The Central Committee of the Demo
cratic Clay Clubs of New York City, on
behalf of their constituencies nnd of the
twenty-six thousand freemen of this City
who on the Oth of November la3t voted for
Whig Presidential Electors, respectfully
present to Henry Clay this statement of
their action, with an expression of their
sentiment toward him, in view of the result
of the late election.
The Whigs of the City of New York,
early in the year 1S11, presented the name
of Henry Clay ns a candidate for the Pres
idency of the United Stale. At that time,
with the purpose of concentrating public
opinion in support of that nomination, llif.-y
organized Clay Clubs; and these, the ear
liest organizations ever known any where
under the name, are represented in this
Committee. Reviewing their original pur
pose and their labors for its accomplish
ment, in all the lights of present facts, and
actual results, thev can find nothing thai
ihey would retract in what they have said
nothing that they regret in what ihev
have done for the cause. And though
they might have done much more, they are
content to point to the fact that the city of
New York gave for Henry Clay in loll
six thousand more votes than it g.ivc f r
William Henry Harrison in IS 10, as an ev
idence that something had been done here
for the redemption of their original pl'di;
es. This is the whole net gain of the whig
vote of the State of New York since IS 11.
and is a sufficient testimonial of the appre
ciation of the merits of Henry Clav by the
freemen of the greatest city of America
giving more votes, than any city or county
in the Lnton.
This increased vote (amounting to more
than 20,000) was, in truth, a large majority
of the lawful sufiVa2es of the people. And
the list of Presidential Electors who were
pledged to vote for Henry Clay received a
majority of more than 10,000 and hardly
less than 20.000 lawful votes in the State
of New York. The reversal of the avow
ed will of the people of the State and of
the Nation, was effected by depositing in
the ballot-boxes of this City and Stale at
least 15,000 illegal voles most of them
being introduced under deliberate perjury!
Against these agencies of fraud and
crime, this committee have contended only
by endeavoring to inform the people of the
character of 1 lie measures and principles
involved in the contest, of the relations of
the parties and candidates to those objects,
and of the means in preparation by our op
ponents for the attainment of success. In
these efforts, we have circulated at our ex
pense more than a quarter of a million of
documents, have given our time and means.
have employed agents here and throushout
the State, have conducted a correspondence
with many hundred individuals in the same
connection, have convoked numerous ercat
meetings which we have caused to be effec
tively addressed by devoted and capable
speakers; and we concluded these labors by
the display, in grand procession, through
the streets of our city, of ihe largest assem
blage and most splendid demonstration of
the mechanic arts and of their operations
and political associations that was ever wit
nessed in this country. All these thing
we accomplished at an expenditure, by this
Committee, not exceeding 5,000 through
the whole year and the whole contest.
The good thus cheaply attained is per
manent. What has been done cannot be
undone within the continuance of this gen
eration. The people have exercised their
understanding and judgment on their polit
ical duties and interests to such an extent
as forbids any future attempt to deceive
those thus enlightened. 1 he laboring
classes have been, in vast numbers, itistruc
ted in the history of National legislation,
and in its relations to individual and gener
al benefit. Thcv have read and studied
deeply on the subjects presented to them;
and, having been thus convinced of the jus
tice, wisdom and benevolence of Whig pol
icy and honesty of Whig Administrations,
they will remain Whig through years to
come. They have been made familiar also
with the history of the life and public ser
vices of Henry Clay, and have firmed a
judgment of his merits, whose grateful
manifestations can never be repressed, but
will be as lasting as life, and continue to
These labors, so honest in purpose and so
bcni'fieal in immediate effect, have bein
rendered vain as to the actual result of the
election, by fraudulent votes. Parallel
with the fact of these stupendous political
crimes in this State, appear similar notori
ous and decisive frauds in Pennsylvania.
Georgia, Louisiana and other States, ma
king evident the wide practical distinction
between a majority of the legal voters pie
sent at the polls and a majority of the
These statements are not presented here
to vindicate the American People from the
charge- of having caused the evil result, nor
to relieve them from their just responsibili
ty for it. The reproach on the nati nal
character could hardly have been less if
2000 or 20,000 votes suddenly transferred
from one side to the other had reversed
the formal decision. The People could not
have bhown themselves wise, just and grate
ful by a division so nearly equal, between
two such candidates and two such parties.
And therefore of as little moment is the
fact that more than 5,500 foreigners were
naturalized during the year 1814 in thi
City alone, and about twice us manv in
other parts of the State, ninety-nine nun
drcdtlu of whom of course voted against
us. Though the great result was produced
by the votes of more than 100,000 men who
a few years before were the subjects of
European monarchs, and aliens from our
Republican Institutions not only by births
but in education, feeling and character, this
circumstance may be passed over as merely
incidental, since the far more important
and absolutely essential portion of the hos
tile vote was given by those of American
birth and republican education. INlore
than 1,000,000 native citizens of the Uni
ted States nave their votes, with these for-
cigncrs, in aid of foreign interest, and
against the honor, advantage and rights ot
their own country. The moral value of
the result would have been little varied if
the mass of suffrage so nearly balanced
hail inclined in favor of the righteous
cause bv a few thousand out of ncdrly
Therefore it is, that we do not present
these facts as apology for defeat; nor would
we from them derive consolation. To us
and the country, moreover, the actual evil
consequences are no lcssthan if the scali
had been turned against us by veritable
millions instead of a few fictitious thou
sands. The purposed fraud has been ef
fected by acts which could not be prevent,
cd even when foreknown. We knew the
purpose and the means and the scheme of
crime: but we warned and watched and la
bored in vain. The plan had been too ably
contrived and was too efficiently executed
to be prevented by detection. Yet the
most important lesson which these facts
nnd the result of this election teach i rvf
that a republican people may wickedly
abuse or unwisely exercise their elective
power, but that frauds on ihe suffrage may
actually violate that sacred privilege, and
subvert the popular sovereignty, while not
a remedy exists, and while submission to suc
cessful crime and to tyrannical usurpation.
based upon it. becomes a positive political
duty. Startling as may be both the fact
and the practical moral, both are as true as
they are startling.
Justice and truth have required of u
these testimonies of the character of the
contest of the means the and result. But
this is not all our prcsmt duty ami purpose.
Standing at ihis peculiar point of time,
in the void present, between a melancholy
past and a future of impenetrable mystery
and unusual gloom, we for a moment for
get our dark forebodings and our renewed
toils and vigils, in the feeling of what w.
yet owe to him whose name was our
strength, whose glory was our boast, whose
splendid services to his country and whose
stainless public virtue were our tust claim
to that country's confidence in him as the
necessary means of the people's security
and happiness. For in looking around
among the wrecks of vain hope, wc find
that all which embodied and personified
our principles', which gave life nnd reality
to our purpose, is left to us unchanged in
Am!, therefore, to vou, the first and most
cherished object of our political devotion
whose name was already illustrious in the
history of our country at the period of our
earliest personal remembrances to you.
the defender of the Union and its Repub
lican Constitution, the chief advocate of
every measure of beneficial and protective
legislation, the unchanging and dauntless
opposor of tyranny and corruption, our
ever-faithful and heroic leader, chief and
friend--lo you, with a sincerity and dis
interestedness now above suspicion, we re
new our vows of fidelity in t Ii i 3 peculiar
moment; and millions all over the Union
join in these pledges.
Our relations to you have not been the
ordinary obligations of partizans to the
regular nominee of an authorized Conven
tion. Had you never been a candidate for
the chief national office, you would not
have been to us less than you have been,
and, therefore, defeat cannot affect these
relations; for you are still to us all that you
have been throughout our lives still great,
honorable, just, pure, patriotic nnd wise
still first of living men, and 'first in our
hearts' still 'right.' and willing to 'be right
rather than be President stili greater than
President or Monarch, for you are still
Though the people, the country and the
world have lost r.o much, wc rejoice that no
evil has befallen Y'-r, nnd that to you re
mains all the honor which could have been
yours 1:1 actual triumpn, tree from the
weighty responsibilities which would havo
been involved in the possession of power.
Falsehood, calumny and treachery have
done their work, and are now hushed in
already half-repentant silence. While the
energies and traits that ennobled you are
still yours, the hearts of your innumerable,
devo'ed friends, are also yours, beyond the
reach of a thousand unfortunate influences
which might have arisen from the peculiar
anil varied obligations of success.
When the appalling result was first
known here, many, -unused to the melting
mood," shed bitter tears for their Country's
dishonor, and gronncd in sad appreciation
of the dangers and woes impending ami
now already falling on the Nation. Grey
haired Age and strong Manhood, ami
Beauty ami youthful Hope all attested a
common ft'eling of the Country's misfor
tune by the same touching manifestations
of sorrow. It was many a "child's first
grief:" fathers and their children wept to
gether the death of patriotic hop.es which
had grown and strengthened throughout
the life-time of both. Even merccnary
libelers and deceivers forgot their base tri
umph for a moment, ashamed of their vic
tory and afraid to boast, and stood silent
in the first full consciousness of the evils
wrought by them, like the murderer over
the weltering body of his victim, with tlie
bloody weapon of death trembling in his
"rasp; and thcv vainly sought to plead with
the grief thus excited, and to exlenuata
their own shame, "their conscience mean
while accusing or else excusing one anoth
er." The testimonials of your worth and "f
a people's gniteful rctnenibi anT, kt ived