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title: 'Boon's Lick times. (Fayette, Mo.) 1840-1848, March 13, 1847, Image 2',
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V X Y U T T E I
SATURDAY, MARCH 13. 1847.
A public meeting of the citizens of How.
srd county will be held in this place, on the
FIRST MONDAY IN APRIL NEXT
to appoint Do!cgato3 to the Rail Road Con
vention, to bo held on tho First Wednesday
in June next, (at such place ns shall hereaf
ter bo agreed upon,) and also to appoint
delegates to the Vtstrrn River and Harbor
Convention, to be held in St. Louis, on the
Tenth Day if May ticrt.
DC7Tli'i3 number commences the 8ih
volume of the "Boon's Lick Times." For
seven long years have we been sirupglin.'
against the inconveniences of poverty. We
are now permanently established and look
for a more liberal support from the Whigs
of Howard. If they wish an exponent of
their principles to be sustained in the
county, they must come to the rescue. We
have been working a long time for a bare
support. It is now time that we were
making something more than merely suffi
cient to keep soul and body together. It is
in tho power of the Whigs, of this county,
if they would only conclude to subscribe
for a newspaper, to sustain us liberally,
and we look for them to do it.
The subscription price of tho Times
will continue as heretofore, $2 per annum
payable in advance, or S3 if not paid until
after the year has expired.
For tho benefit of those who have hith
erto been deterred from taking the paper
on account of the price, wo will ocntl tho
Times to clubs during the coming year at
the following rates:
3 COPIES for FIVE DOLLARS, Cash.
7 COPIES for TEN DOLLARS, "
Every subscriber sending us cither of the.
Clubs, as above, may include his own name,
and have all the. benefit of these reduced
rates. No order at these rates attended
to unless accompanied with the cash.
trAny subscriber procuring us five
responsible subscribers at 82 per annum
payable within the year, shall receive
copy of the Times gratis, as long as the
fivo subscribers so furnished are continued,
be it one or three years,
DCJAI1 those indebted to us for subscrip
tion to the Times are earnestly requested
to come forward and settle their accounts.
It is but seldom we dun and when we do
we are in earnest. We wish to commence
the 8th volume of the Times with books
DCr'Read the President's Message, on
the first paae of to-day's paper.
Mails. We are without regular mail
at this place, excepts tri-weekly lino to
Iioonville. We have received ne or two
eastern mails in that direction, but under
stand tho contractors of the daily line from
St. Louis to Boonville, refuse to let the
mails for this place be conveyed on their
route so further news in that direction
may bo lookrd for. Wo sec that Mr.
Wimer, the St. Louis pust master, is some
where in this section, making arrangements
fur the transportation of the mails until
tho contracts are let anew. We suppose
he is at Fulton, an. I will doubtless make
some nrrangenx uts by which we will get
our mans ai iea--i once a w.'tn. iu wouM
confer an especial fav ir on tho citizens ol
this place anil vicinity, if he would arrange
with Frost, Price & Co., for the mails for
this office t c-iinc by tii-.dr lino to JJnon
ville. Wo should th n get our ir.-ii's as
early and regularly as ur.d.-r tV: old ar
rangeiiicnt. The Jul ! dates vc luv; from
St. I.o:;is. arc the iih.
CoNOKE-e. We ar-s without news from
Washington. Congress adjourned, of
course, on the 1th. We have not heard of
the lute of the S3 GuO.tiOO bill in tiie Sen
ale. Old father Ritchie is in a "terrible'
pucker," because the Senate? saw fit to re
buke his bullying. IIu appeals to the
whole country, to res. Tit this gross indigni
ty offered to an "old Virginia gentleman."
MojfTEnnv Capitulation. We publish
to-day an article on the subject of tho Mon
terey Capitulation, from tiie pen of Col.
Jefferson Davis, of tho Mississippi Rifle.
men. Ho was ono of the Commissioners
who concluded the capitulation, arid his
statement, verified as it is, by his associates,
sets tho matter in its truo light before the
country, and from it there is no appeal.
0C7"Tho last "Metropolitan" contains a
call for a public meeting of the citizens of
Jefferson City, to express their feelings on
the subject of tho course of the Senate,
in excluding the editors of the Union from
the floor of that body. Wont the Senators
who voted to 'exclude the "old Virginia
gentTeman" feel bad when lliey hear of this
LATEST FROM SANTA FE.
Confirmation of the 'Assassination of Gov.
Bent 'death of Mr, Pilcher,of this place.
The editors of the "Metropolitan" saw
and conversed with a Mr. Miller, of La
fayette, on Monday Inst, who is just in from
Santa Fe, which placo ho left on the 13th
January. James Brown, of Pettis county,
camo as far as Cottonwood Grove with Mr.
Miller, where he stopped to recruit bis
mules. He informed them one of Brown's
company, a Mr.- Pitcher, of this place, died
on the road in. Beverly Pitcher, jr., is the
only person of that name who left this
Mr. Miller brings news confirming the
report of the murder of Gov. Bent, Gen.
Elliott Leo of St. Louis, and Stephen T
Lee, sheriff of Taos. A number of others,
supposed to no Iiltecn in all, had been
murdered at Taos. Mr. M. reports Gen.
Doniphan still at El Passo with about 000
men (where the artillery company joins
him) nnd about 300 traders, in all about
1200 Mien, and with this force he intended
going on to Chihuahua, and will in all
probability do so unless he hears that Gen
Woo! had gone another direction. Capt.
Murphy with Government funds was nietut
the Moro, eighty miles this side of Santa
Fe, and had sent for an escort of 100 men
logo on with him.
Mr. Sublelt wa9 mot 25 miles beyond
Bent's Fort, and was going without diffi
culty, his mules in fine order.
News of the whereabouts of Gen. Wool
had not been received at Santa Fe on the
13th; am! they did not, in all probability,
hear any thing of him until Mr. Sublelt
Mr. Miller thinks that just as soon as
Col. Price receives the information, lie
will send an express to Col. Doniphan;
which will, in all probability, induce him to
change his determination and remain at El
Passo, or return to Santa Fe. At El Passo
Col. D. found in the post office a letter
from the Governor of Chihuahua, to some
officer there, informing him that Gen
Wool was advancing on Chihuahua with
2700 men, and would probably soon have
possession of the city. This was supposed
to be good authority that Gen. Wool was
in the neighborhood, tho' it is now feared
that it was only a hoax intended to de
ceive and lead on an insufficient force to
Mr. Miller thinks Col. D.'s force allogelh
er insufficient to go to Chihuahua or slay
at El Passo, but fears that, from their success
on tho 25th December, and the little diffi
culty at El Passo, they will be disposed to
Mr. McGuffin had made an ineffectual
attempt to escape from prison. A new
trial had been granted him, but it was sup
posed ho would bo again convicted and
finally shot. Mr. Miller had a difficult
time in getting in, though he lost none of
his company. lie heard of four men who
had frozen to death.
DCpTho next demonstration of the army
under Gen. Scott, will doubtless be on Vera
Cruz. When a sufficient force is collected
to attack that place, it will leave the towns
our troops are in possession of guarded by
mall forces, and attempts will doubtless be
made to re-take them. Sanla Anna's move-
ments are not understood; at one time he
is reported to be on the road to the Capitol,
to proclaim himself Dictator then, that
ho is marching for Vera Cruz, determined
to defend that place to tho last and again,
that I.e is preparing to re-take Monterey,
Camargo, &c. ' We shall doubtless have
S'-nic stirring news from that quarter ere
long. The reports from the interior of
.Mexico, are contradictory, as to the state of
the public mind. Great excitement is said
to cxiit on account of the act of Congress
pledging the Church properly to raise mo
nov. The MiniMrv are reported to have
rown up their offices, and a revolution
wa3 daily looked fjr. Other accounts rep
resent all as quiet; all accounts, however,
agree that the national treasury is in an
Mi"Ouiii Leoislatlue. The Editor of
the New Era was a member of the Li.-gii-latuie
recently in session in this State. He
Out of upwards of five hundred acts of the
recent Ueueral Assembly, only about siVy Zee
vp.i3 ci a puuno and general nature. There
vt) ol;oi;t ono hundred find ton re!
aooui lorty out ot incorporation, nnd about
ii;wcu(iiiu .jiiuu ruaus. mure were
shout forty acts local to St. Louis, including a
rit...hn. f 1 - f . . . . . P
"""i"! u av;.a iu lorni corporations in tins cilv
MM... j - i i .
in nai tuunistea oi iocai, private and personal
acts of various kinds, respecting divorces, county
mes, county seals, nnd county funds; local jury
laws nnd probate courts applicable to parliculur
counties; joint resolutions, memorials, acts to
legalize tho acu of particular officers, to alter
the times of holding particular courts; social
acts to sell real estate, resolutions in relation to
tho duties of particular officers, acts prantinn
specie power to p-micular county courts, and
special acta Tor various oilier purposes. There
were about linrtten memorial io Conarees. and
resolutions express,,,-, opinions ,-,", 0,
public policy. Thrums of ,he acts ptssed
might have been beneficially omitkd.
L7We see it stated that the town of
Northampton, Massachusetts, with a popu
lation of four thousand, has contributed
five thousand dollars for the relief of the
starving poor in Ireland.
STATE DEBT TIIE DEMOCRAT.
The last "Democrat" attempts to bo very
witty, in reference to our remarks on the
subject of the act to sustain the credit of
the State, and tho State debt. Smart talk
may do for some and may divert atten
tion from the actual Slate of affairs, and
prevent, for the timo being, odium from
falling upon those who are responsible, "but
its coming, for a' that."
The "Democrat" docs not profess to be
pleased with the late act to sustain tho cred
it of the State, in all its particulars, but
does not specify his objections; it knows
tho law is unpopular with tho people, and
that our article was well calculated to
lead lo investigation, and render it still
more bo, and hence its light remarks and
general terms of expression. It attributes
the State debt to the Mormon war, and
capital furnished tho bank which last
item it thinks ought to bo charged to the
account of the whigi, inasmuch as the
whig members voted to placo it there!
That's a brilliant idea and eminently wor
thy the distinguished source from which
it emanated. We are fearful, however
that it will not be so satisfactory as it sup
poses. We advise the Democrat to try its
hand at quelling tho "tempest" again; the
"tea pot" has boiled over, and there is
much dissatisfaction among the people.
They are very uneasy at present, and
would lake it as an especial favor in any
one who would convince them that all is
Another New Territory. A bill has
passed Congress for the organization of a
new territory to bo called Minnesota. The
territory derives its namo from a river
which flows through it. It lies west of
Lake Superior, and in a high northern
LATER FROM EUROPE.
ARRIVAL OF THE CAM 13 III A.
Important movement in British Parliament
Proposed remission of Corn Duties Suspen
sion of Navigation Laws Abolition of Duly
cn Sugar Decline in Cotton, Flour and
drain Iron Market Great Distress in Ire
land and Prussia Eastern Market, fyc.
Tho Royal Mail Steamer Cumbria. Captain
Judkins, arrived at Boston on Saturday, 20th
ult . at 10 o'clock, P M. bringing Liverpool
dates to tho 4;h. She hud ralher a boisterous
passage. Her news is of much importance
politically and commercially.
Three lending measure had been brought
forward in Parliamoiit to mi igate the distress
which continued lo prevail nnd to increase ex
tenaive'y in behind and Scotland, viz: first, to
remit all duties on grain in dilferent ports of
the kingdom; second, the entire suspension ol
the navigation laws during tho eoiiiinuunee of
the scarcity of food; and, third, to abolish or
remit the duties on colonial and foreign-grown
sugars. It was thought these measures, if car
ried out, would materially contribute to miti
g:i:o the distress from scarcity and high prices
Directly after the departure of the Sarah
Sands, the flour and grain markets exhibit a
decidedly downward tendency, and a decline
was soon caused by the very heavy arrivals.
At the dale ( the Cumbria's suilins. the stock
of flour in Liverpool was estimated at five hun
dred th -uisand barrels, and the amount of grain
on hanf, free and in bond, was proportionately
largo. I fc arrivals of Indinn corn hud also
been large. Tho downward tendency of the
fl our and grain markets was not chucked on
the 4ih ult.
The decline in flour is reported at 4 shillings
On Indian corn tho decline is 4 shillings per
quarter (4C0 pounds.)
Fr. in tlic circular of the 29ih ult . to the sail
ing of the Cambria, the market for cotton had
bom in a quint state, rather dull and "heavy,
with a concession of about id on American
'I ho tendency of tho market was downward.
The sales were limited.
The market for Iron was not so brisk as it
hud previously been. Prices for pig were
hardly supported, but manufactured iron of all
descriptions was fully ns high, and prices are
Th rat'.1 f.f int.Tewt had teen raised hv tho
Hank of Kngland to check the continued' ox
;iort of bullion .
The j-rr.pns-ili to remit i;p dotios on eiipn rs
and to encMirii-r its we by (ho distillers, had
'.he ftT:c of Eo'viincing prices in Liverpool.
FromicR. of most kinds were about t!i
s".rve us to pries, and market steady . Sale,
I, PI U'-g".
Tho distress in Ireland, nnd u'eo in Scotland,
fmni !he gri-a! senrcty of food, continued, an I
wu rather cu tl n intvave, no' withstanding vp
targ- Mi:n of monoy had been sub?ribe 1
in ail parts "f Knglrtm for their rel.ef.
A number of doughs from starvation are re
jr.rtcd, and dtsea.-e wa mailing ninny vicluin
among the faiiiisbad population.
A counts are published of umre disturbances
in d .-trots where loo) U scarcest, and it would
app- ar that P'.i!K iti all its horrors, was
unpen J.ng over and threatening tho devo'uj
The nr v. s and account fn.n Prussia aro al-irio-t
.is di-:ri ssi.:u as those from Ireland. Fool
is exe cdirg'y scarce in many p'trts of that
kingdtin, ui.d deaths were occurring for nam
of sub-is'eneo The (iovernu enl was doing all
in its power to furnish supplies.
TIih state of tho destitute portions nf Scot
land does not
.;. .. I!.,l ..,.. i -
kj .su, iu nmuui Hour SO IllUfll
....-... , w,, ni.ui,ujii ii:
the overwhelming magnitude o( tho culitmity
which bus fallen on millions of the Irish, in
comparison with some hundred thousands of
tho scotch .
It is In p'jd the people) of tho United S'atcs
wi I not he backward in coming to tboir relief.
lite Latest. At lit o clock, lust ntalit. wo
receivol thn following telegraphic communica
tion from our Philadelphia correspondent:
"I h ivu h id market reports and other uows
fr m Hoston, New York, Ualtimore and this ci
ty, lying in th i telegraph office hero for days
past, out, as you ieiiow, noilnng could be sunt.
to day every thing is stagnant every where
I'u. I.-. . r .... . '
l'ho Pilot line from New York is in. but brings
-,. ... . u ... " b"
no letters tonight. I'o morrow I will
uininniug renauio. u) you want any
From the Washington Union.
CAPITULATION OF MONTEREY.
Victoria, Tamaumpas, Mexico, Jan. 6, 1847.
Dear Sir; After much speculation and no
1 tl I lo misrepresentation about the capitulation of
Monterey, I perceive by our recent newspapers,
that a discussion has arisen as to who is responsi
ble for that transaction. As one of the commis
sioners who were entrusted by General Taylor
with the arrangement of the terms upon which
the city of Monterey and its fortifications should
be delivered lo our forces, I have had frequent
occasion to recur to the course then adopted, and
the considerations which led to it. My judg
ment after die fact has fully sustained my decis
ions at the date of tho occurrence: and feeling
myself responsible for the instrument as wo pro
pored ft and presented it to our commanding
general, 1 have the satisfaction, alter all fitb.se
quoril events, to believe that the terms wo offered
were expedient, and honorable, and wiso. A
distinguished gentleman with whom I acted on
that commission, Governor Hendurson, says, in a
teccntly published letter, ''I did not at the time,
nor do 1 still like the terms, but acted ns ono
of the commissioners, together with Gon. Worth
and l-ol. JJavis, lo entry out Gun. laylorsin.
strnclions. We ought and could have made
them surrender at discretion," &c, &c.
From each position taken in the above pnra
graph I dissent. The instructions given by
General Taylor only presented his object, and
lixed a limit lo tho poweis of Ins commissioners;
hence, when points were raised which exceeded
our tliscrelion, they wero referred to the com
mander; but minor points were acted on, and
finally submitted as a part of our negotiation.
We fixed tho time within which the Mexican
forces would retire from Monterey. We agreed
upon the lime we would wail for the decision of
the respective governments, which 1 recollect was
less by thirty four nays than the Mexican com
missioners asked the period adopted being that
which, according lo our estimate, was required to
bring up the rear of our army with the ordnance
and supplies necessary for further operations.
I did not then, nor do I now, believe we could
have made the enemy surrender at discretion.
Had I entertained the opinion it would have been
given to the commission, and to the commanding
general, and would have precluded mo from
signing an Bgreemcnt wbii h permitted the garri.
son to retire with the honors of war. It is de
monstrable, from the position and known prow
ess of the two armies, that we could drive the
enemy from the town; but the town was untena
ble whilst (he main fort (called the new citadel)
remained in the hands of the enemy. Being
wiihout siege artillery or entrenching tools, we
could only hope to carry this fort by storm, after
a heavy loss from our army; which, isolated in
a hostile country, now numbered less than half
the forces of the enemy. When all this had
been achieved, what more would we have gained
than hy the capitulation!
Gen. Taylor's force was loo small to invest
the town. It was, therefore, always in the
power of the enemy to retreat, besring his light
arms. Our army poorly provided, and with
very insufficient transportation could not have
overtaken, it they had pursued the flying enemy
tlence the conclusion that, as it was not in our
power to capture the main body of tho Mexican
army, it is unreasonable to suppose their ganeral
would have surrendered at discretion. The
moral effect of retiring under the capitulation
was certainly greater, man tl tho enemy had
retreated without our consent. By this course
we seemed the large supply of ammunition he
had collected in Monterey which, had the
assault been continued, must have been exploded
by our shells, as it was principally stored in
"the Cathedral," which, being supposed lo he
filled with troops, was the especial aim of our
pieres. Tha destruction which this explosion
would have produced musl have involved the
advance of both divisions of our troops; and I
commend this to the contemolation of those
whose arguments have been drawn from facts
learned since the commissioners closed their ne.
gonations. Wiih these introductory remarks, I
send a copy of a manuscript in my possession,
wnicn was prepared to meet such necessity as
now ti'sis, ror an explanation 01 the views
which governed the commissioners in arranging
the leims of capitulation, lo justify the com.
mantling general, should misrepresentation and
calumny attempt to tarnish Ins well. earned rep
utntion, nnd, lor all time to come, to fix the
truth of the transaction. Please publish this in
your paper, and believe me to be your friend,
etc. JbffJiKStj JJAVIS
Memoranda of the transactions in connexion with
the capitulation of Monterey , capital of Xueva
Hy invitation of General Ampudia, command,
ing the Mexican army, General Taylor, occom.
panird hy n number of his officers', proceeded,
onthc24di September, 18-10, to a house desig".
r-a'ed os the place at which General Ainpudfa
nrpj-sied an interview. The parlies being con
yeni d, General Ampudia announced, os official
information, ihut commissioners from the United
a. ruts had ocen received by the government of
.Mexico, omi mat the orders under which he had
prep-nod lo defend the city of Monterey, had
lost their force hy the subsequent rhrnig. of his
own covrrnrni'iit, then foro be as ;r d liu- mr,f...
on :. A tun I conversation between the com-oi-iirling
geneiuls, showed their views lo bo so
opposite, ns to lenvo little reason to expect an
ttnmuuie tnrangeiiipni oeiween ttiem,
r f. i . , ,
ueni r.ii i aj ior saiu no would not delay to
receive such propositions as General Ampudia
indicated. One of General Ampudiu's party
i uniiK, in e uovernor ot the city suggested
tiie appointment ol a mixed commission; th
was act eled to, and General W. G. Worth, of
th'j doled states army; ueneral J. Pincknev
net m-r-nii, oiino lexan volunteers, and Go.
onel Ji ff-oson Davis, of the Mississippi riflemen,
on tha part of General Taylor, nud General J.
Ma. Ortega, Gr-ncral P. Requcna, and Snor
iho Governor M. M.I. Liano. on the nan nf
General Ampudia, were appointed.
General Taylor gave instructions to his coin
miksionrrs which, as undeistood, for they were
brief nnd verbal, will be best shown bv the
,nn r.f il.i .UmJ ...LI.L .1-- tT , o
... ..... u..,.,,. . ma uriuea oiates
commissioners prepared in the conforenc rnn.v,
Copy of demand ly United States Commissioners.
'I. As the legitimate result of tho operations
before this place, and the present positions of
thn contending armies, we demand tha surrender
of the town, tha arms and munitions of war,
and all other public properly within the place.
II. that the Mexican armed force retire
beyond tho Riconada, Linares, and San Fer
nando, on the coast.
"III. The commandlne eeneral of tho m
of tho United States agrees that the Mexican
Arr.B .1. ,' ...
hl T T V T ,, , pnVale
baKae and the troons be a owed to ri r no.
officers without narolo. a reasonable iin, h.!n.
allowed to withdraw their forces.
nltntt.A.I ( n ...I.I..1 .L:. I
"IV. Tha iniinediato delivery of the
work, now occupied, to tho army of the United
States. ' I
"V. To avoid collisions, and fur mutual con
venience, that the troops ol the United states
shall not occupy (he town until the Moxican
lorces have been withdrawn, except lor hospital
purposes, storehouses, &c.
"VI. The commanding general ol the united
States" agrees not to edvanee beyond the lihe
specifiaiL.in. llm neennd unclinn, before the ex pi
ration ol eight weeks, or un the respective
governments can be heard from."
Tho terms of ihe'ffeTtlnnd were refused by the
Mexican commissioners, who drew up a counter
proposition, of which I only recollect that it con
tained a permission to the Moxican forces to re
lire with their arms. This was urged as a matter
of soldierly pride, and as an ordinary courtesy.
We had reached the limits of our instructions, and
tho commissioners roso to report the disagreement.
Upon returning lo tho reception room, after the
foci had been announced that tho cotntnissioneis
could not agree upon terms, General Ampudia
entered at length upon the question, treating the
point of disagreement as one which involved the
honor of his country, spoke of his desire for a
settlement wiihout ftirthor bloodshed, r.ud said he
did not care about ihe pieces of artillery which
ho had at tho place. Gen. Taylor responded lo
the wish to avoid unnecessary bloodshed. It was
agreed tho commission should ro assemble, and
wo were insirncted to concede the small arms; and
I supposed them would he no question about the
artillery. Tho Mxicnn commissioners now
utged that, ns all other arms had been recogni
zed, it would be discreditable to tho artillery if
required to march out without any thing to repre.
sent tboir arm, nnd stated, in answer to nn inqui
ry, thai they had a battery of light artillery, man
ceuvrcd and equipped ns such. The commission
again roso, and reported the disagreement on the
point of the artillery.
Gen. Taylor hearing that moro was demanded
limn the middle ground, upon which, in a spirit
of generosity, he had agreed to place the capitula
tion, announced the conference at an end; and
rose in a manner which showed his determination
to talk no more. As he crossed the room to leave
it, one of tho Mexican commissioners addressed
him, ond somo conversation which I did not h?or
ensued. Gen. Worth asked permission of Gen.
Taylor, and addressed some remarks to Gen. Am
pudia, the spirit of which was that which ha man
i tested throughout the negotiation, viz: generosity
and leniency, and a desire to spare the further
efTusion of blood. The commission reassembled,
and the points of capitulation wore agreed upon.
After a short recess we again repaired to the room
in which we had parted from the Mexican com
missioners; they were tardy in joining us, and
slow in executing the instrument of capitulation.
1 ne i in, tmi and H:h articles were added curing
this session. At a late hour the English original
was handed to Gen. Taylor for his examination;
the Spanish original having been sent to Gen.
Ampudia. Gan. Taylor signed and delivered to
me the instrument as it was submitted to him,
and I returned to receive the Spanish copy with
the signature of Gen. Ampudia, and send that
having Gen. Taylor's signature, that each Gen
eral might countersign tho original lo be retained
by the other. Gen. Ampudia did not sign the
instrument as was expected, but camo himself to
meet the commissioners. Ha raised many points
which had been settled, and evinced a disposition
to make the Spanish differ in essential points
from the English instrument. Gen. Worth was
obsent. Finally ho was required to sign the instru
ment prepared (or his own commissioners, and
the English original was left with him that he
might have it translated, (which he promised to
do that night,) and ho ready the next morning
with a Spanish duplicate of the English instru
ment leu with htm. iiy this means the two
instruments would be made to correspond, and he
ne compelled lo admit his knowledge or the con.
tents of the English original before he signed it.
The next morning the commission again met;
again the attempt was made, as had been often
dune before by solicitation, to cam some grant in
addition to tho compact. Thus we had, at their
request, adopted the word capitulation in lieu
ol surrender; they now wished to substitute stip
ulation for capitulation. It finally became
necessary to make a peremptory demand for the
immediate signing of the English instrument by
uen. Ampudia, and the literal translation (now
portected) by the commissioners and their Gener
al. The Spanish instrument first signed by Gen
Ampudia was destroyed in presenco of his com
missioners; the translation of our own instrument
was countersigned by Gen. Tayior, and delivered
Tho agreement was complete, and it only re
matned to execute the terms.
Much has been s-tid about tho construction of
article two of the capitulation, o ropy of which
is hereto appended. Whatever ambiguity there
may he in the langunga used, tlioro was a perfect
understanding by the commissioners upon both
sius, as to ir.o extent ot tho parties. 1 he Uis
tinction was made between light artillery equip
prd and maneouver'-d as surh, designed for and
used in the fij,l, and pieces being tha armament
of a fort, was clearly stated on one side; and
that it was comprehends on their', appeared in
tha tact, that rcpe felly th. y asserted their posses
sion ni ii'Oit arum ry, and said tliev bad one
buttery ol light pieces. Such oiiformilv of ooin
ion existed among our rounni-3;oner.') upon every
measure which was linally adnpted, that I cr.n.-ii!
er them, in ihoir sphere, jointly and severally
responsible for each and every article of tho
eapiiulation. If, as originally viewed hv G,oi.
Worlh, our conduct has been in occordanrn with
the peaceful policy of our government, and shall
in any degreo lend to consummate that policy, we
may congratulate ourselves upon Ihe part we
nnve iqk en it otherwise, it will remain to me
as a dWiherative opinion, that tho terms of the
capitulation gave all which could have followed,
of desirable result, from a further assault. It
was in the power of die enemy to retreat, and to
hear with him small arms, and such a battery os
was contemplated in tiie capitulation. The
other giants were such as it was honorable in a
conquering army to bestow, and which it cost
magnanimity nothing to give.
The above recollections are submitted to
Generals Henderson and Worth for correction
and addition that the misrepresentation of this
transaction may be presented by a statement
made whilst the events ore recent and the memory
Colonel Mississippi Riflemen.
Camp near Monterey, Oct. 7, 1816.
The above is a correct statement of the lead.
ing facts connected with the transactions refened
to, according lo my recollection. It is. how
ever, proper, that I should further state, that my
first impression was, (hat no better terms than
those first proposed, on tho part of General Tay
lor, ought to have been given, and I said so to
General Taylor, when I found him disposed lo
yield lo the request of General Ampudia: and ot
the same lime, gave it as my opinion, thai they
would ba accepted by him before we left tho
town. General Taylor rcolied that ho wnnM
run no risk, whera it could bs avoided thai j
he wished to avoid the further shedding of blood,
and that hs was satisfied that our UQvernment
would be pleased with the teims given by tha
capitulation; and baing myself persuaded of that
lact, I yielded my individual views nnd wishes;
and, under that conviction, 1 shall ever be ready
to defend the terms nf the capitulnlion.
J. PINCKNEY HENDERSON.
Major Genoral Commanding the Texan Vol.
I not only counselled and advised, the oppor.
tunity being ofT-rcd by the general in-chief, the
fit si proposition; but cordially assented and ap
proved tho decision taken by General Taylor in
respect lo ihe latter, us did every member of the
commission, and for good and sufficient military
and national reasons and stand ready, at all
times and proper pln-'es, to defend and sustain
tho action of the commanding General, and par
ticipation of the commissioners. Knowing that
malignaiits, the tremor being off, aro at work to
discredit and misrepresent the ease, (as 1 had an
ticipated.) I feel obliged to Col. Davis for having
thrown toge ther tho material and facts.
A. J. WORTH,
Brig. Gen. Commanding Sd division.
Monterey. Oct. 12'h, 1S-K3.
Terms of ihe capitulation af the city of Mori,
tercy, the capilol of Nueva Leon, agreed upon
by the undersigned commissioners, to wit: Gen.
Worlh, of the United States Army; General Hen
derson, of tha Toxin volunteers; md Col. Davis,
of the Mississippi riflemen, on tho part of Major
Genera! Taylor, commanding in-chief the United
States forces; and Gen. Ortego, of the army of
Mexico, nnd Senor Manuel, M. Llano, Governor
of Nurva Leon, on the part of Senor General
Don Pedro Ampudia, commanding in. chief the
army of tho north of Mexico.
Article 1. As tho legitimate result of the
operations beforo this place, ond the present po
sition of the contending armies, it is agreed that
tho city, the fonificatnns, cannon, ihe munitions
of war, and nil other public properly, with tha
undcf.memioncd exceptions, he surrendered to
tho commondine; general of the United Stales
forces now at Monterey.
Articlc 2. That die Mexican forces ba allow,
ed lo retain the following arms, lo wit: The com.
missioned officers their side arms; the infantry,
their arms nnd accoutrements; the cavalry, their
arms and accoutrements; tho artillery, one field
battery, not to exceed six pieces, with twcnly-one
rounds of ammunition.
Article 3. That the Mexican armed forces
retire within Seven days bom this date beyond the
lino formed by the pass of the Riconada, ( the city
of Linares, and San Fernando de Pusos.
Article 4. That tho citadel of Monrerey be
evacuated by the Mexican, ond occupied by the
American forcee to-morrow, at 10 o'clock.
ARTrcLE 5. To avoid collision, and for mutual
convenience, that the troops of thn United States
will not occupy the city until the Mexican forces
have withdrawn, except for hospital or storage
Article 6. That tha forces of the United
States will notsdvanne beyond tho lino specified
in the 3d article, before the expiration of eight
weeks, or until the orders of the respective gov.
ernments can he received.
Article 7. That tho public properly to be
delivered, shall be turned over and received by
officers appointed by tha commanding generals of
(lis two armies.
Article 8. That all doubts," as to the mean,
ing of any of the preceding articles, shall be
solved by an equitable construction, and on the
principles of libeiality to tho retiring army.
Article 9. That the Mexican flig, when
struck at the citadel, may be saluted by it? own
W. J. WORTH, Brig. Gen. U. S. A. '
J. PINCKNEY HENDERSON,
Maj. Gen. commanding th.' Texan volunteers.
Col. Mississippi riflemen,
MANUEL M. LLANO,
Maj, Gen. U. S. A. commanding.
WAR MEETING IN NEW ORLEANS.
A large meeting of the citizens of New
Orleans was held in that city on the 19th
ult. Col Jiailie Peyton nnd lion. S. S.
Prentiss, and oilier distinguished citizens
addressed the meeting. The following res
olutions were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That in the opinion of this meeting
Major Gen. Zachary Taylor, ond the olficers
and men under his command, aro entitled to the
thanks of the people of the United States for
their eminent services in the fiold during ilia
present campaign in Mexico.
That wo have witnessed, with unmixed appro,
bation and pride, ihcir fortitude under privations
and valor in action against a superior force, and
the sucrcss'on of brilhtni victories which have
attended their operations; we have heheld them
overcoming all obstacles and disadvantages by
their enterprise, their discipl n", and the:r gallant
bearing in tho common coos., of our country.
That tin lustra of their achievements can only
be equalled by their generous and nnhle forbear,
ance in victory towards a vanquished and sub.
mi.-sivs fo-, nnd ihvir di.-nosiiion uniformly
evinced to spare an unneee.-saiy effusion of blood
anil initio te the honors of war.
Resolved, That tha Set -rotary of this meeting
ho leque.-ted lo forward lo Gen. Ttiylor a copy of
Thn nicefng then adjourned, after giving
three cheers for Gen. Taylor.
A Seveiib Reuikk. The Tuscaloosa.
Observer, the new Democratic paper at the
late seat of government in Alabama. nH.
ministers the following severe but just and
merited rebuke to the slanderers ,,f i,i
"IJough and Ready:"
Two members of the House of nenrps.ni.,:.,..
in, Congress have been bad cnouirh. nr fnnl.
enough, lo commence a malicnant ni'nrb
war-worn veteran, who has h-d our ar nie i
interrupted victory through the miasmata and
marshes of the Rio Grande. They dare to charge
hun with inefficiency, when he never fired a shot
which did not tell; and w'lh delav. when b l
on tho banks of the fatal river with no means of
transportation, and when unprecedented inunda.
lions would have rendered all such means useless
if he hod had them. These men oro Ficklin, of
Illinois, and Thompson, of Mississinni iv.
blush to soy they are Democrats. We cannot
believe that they speak for anyone but themselves.
But what wo do not only believe, hut. Icnnu,
that Democrats or Whigs, if they persevere in
this scandalous and disgraceful attack, they, and
all who abet them, will rush upon thoir ow'nde. i
struction. The south, at least, will stand by ;
thoir gallant son, grown gray under his country's t
banner, and they will spit with scorn oo their
fithlcss representatives, who, like Thompson, of f
Mississippi, dare to traduce him from their com.
lortaote seats, whilst ho is still battling his couo.
try's foes amid ihe rains and lightnings of the