Newspaper Page Text
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY
ItEftSON Sc ORE EN.
QfflM East eorntr of the Public Square, opposite the I
. Fayette Hotel.
TERMS OF PUBLICATION.
For one year, if paid in advance, $2 00 1
If not paid before the close of the year, 3 01)
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
1 Square of 12 lines, or less, one dollar for the
first, 60 cents for each subsequent insertion.
Business and Professional Cards inserted at 10
GirTo Merchants and business men, who adver
tiseby the year, liberal deductions will be made.
1 JOB PRINTING,
Of every description, executed with neatness and
despatch, and on ine most reasonable terms.
Handsomely printed, kept constantly on hand, and
for sale low.
(Messrs. Wm. D. Malone and N. B. Coates,
re our authorized Agents, at Huntsville.
Doct. Wm. Everett,
HAVING located permanently in Fayette, of-
JL JL fen his professional services to the citizens
r the place and vicinity.
KyKesidence 2d door below the Bank.
Fayette, April lOtb, 1847.
Doct. A. S. Diliwiddic.
GRATEFUL for past patronage, still continues
to offer his MEDICAL SERVICES to the
citizens of Howard County.
OUftice on the South iiast side or the public
quare, where he can usually be found in the day;
t niffht t his residnnpB. 3d door helow tha Rank,
Fayette, April 10th, 1847.
DRS. J. C. PARRISH & A. PATTISON,
"DOTANIC Physicians, having permanently Jo
JL cated themselves near Fayette, on the place
lately occupied by Washington Bushears, about
one quarter of a mile north cast of Willoughhy
Williams', oiler their professions services, in all
Its various branches, to the citizens of Howard
county. They respectfully solicit a share of public
(KrDr. J, C. Parbish will also practice Dental
Surgery. r ebruary oth, 1847. om.
DR. J. S. CLARK
4 doors north of the Planter's House,
SAINT LOUIS, MO.
R. CLARK refers to his patients, of the last
eight years, in the city and Mate.
St. Louis, February Oth, 1847. 48 6m.
Ij. D. Urcwcr,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
"XTlLlt attend to any business entrusted to
V v mm in the Second Judicial District. .
Urownino & Eushnel, Quiney, Illinois.
A. W. Morrison, Esq., J F.etta
Col. J. Davis, f tayette.
W. Picket, Benton, Miss.
Col P. H. Fountain, Fontatock, Miss.
McCamfrell & Coates. Huntsville, Mo.
Office McCmfbel's Buildings, Huntsville,
... . . . . I . . , in ,
ISO. Kanuoipn CO., uec- ism, w iy
WISTAR'S IIALSA9I OP
fTinn onirnv vnH
A MONG all the famous medicine for uonsump-
A tinn. nnnn seems to be meetins with greater
n. n.in;nir hicrher renutalion than that
6-' - B- --r
mnat n,nrwlorl.,l omr P. I
WISTAR'S BALSAM OF WILD CHERRY,
That it stands at the head of all other remedies,
is now universally conceded, n nas curea
i a. I 1 a I I
ends upon thousands, ot all classes, in -
the most dangerously ehic ter. An d
physicians ot tne greater :
our wnoie couniry. unnesiiau..ii.J-
MOST POWERFUL CURAIlVtu
nf Pulmonary diseases in the whole range 01
Pharmacy. The sales in tne w esiern oiuicb uvu
thus far been unparalleled; and the most graii.ying
nroofs of its efficacy have been received from ev-
iry place where it has been used. Thousands ot
' r fnMtiTUPTlVR PATIENTS
have already tested its exalted virtues, and con
excellence and amazing
power. The remarkable success of this Balsam is
no doubt owing, in a great mes sure, toine pecu-
liarlv agreeable and powerful nature of its ingre-
dients. It is a I
FIKF. HERBAL MEUlUiXW
rtuwA vhiaflv of Wild Cherru Bark and the
irl.,r,A Mnst(lie latter imported ex-
, . i ,u- aPa moilipfll virtnea
of which are also combined, by a new chemical
nrocess. with the Extract oj Tar, thus rendering
nressiv iur iius uurpuso.j mo -
the whole compound the most certain and erhca-
-l.ina onor ftisjnv0rfd for
Consumption of the L.ungs, uiver i'-u
- n.tl.- Irr.-nrl:ii;t
a.trtrru, - .......-
And all diseases or the Kcspiraiury wrgum.
Keaderl Be not siariiea to nee una u,
iean Remedy supplanting every omer 0a.ui
v , Tl 1 I C.
me puuuc. . ...... ,
And if ftu should it not, when by it hundreds and
i cases heretotore considered
performed .a .11 part, of the
thousands ot cures, in
hopeless, are being
Certificates ot which recoro voiuuma iu iavr ui
!.:. Linda fnlnhrated remedy.
Wistar's Balaam is sold
6t. HUouis bj 'PHELPS BLAKSLY, Genera'
Agents. And tor sale oy tneir Keiii. . .
i?.,;- io- nr. Snelson. Fayette; R. P. Han-
av C.n.. Glaseow: McCaufbell &.
Coates". Huntsville; W. C. HiLl & Co., Keytes
ville. December lathjlS-W
v p .!, R'hova that talks of taking
U III , viiu w. --- ' . j
. - ,,in , F,,,,in to buv his goods, and goe
j t?. JA t,u. few hundred dollars worth, &
j or. ,nJ.. ,hmi,iintin irinzer cakes
.tons a week at Philadelphia reading signs-
IMPS .. I . . ,,
. , eoroe. home, prehaps, the most noin' critter in all
theseparts. ii lasgowpee.emoer
' " - Jew David.
.a T.T. whn want that valuable plaster, can get
J. the genuine articlo at Carroll's corner for
half price, and nothing snorter
Glasgow, Nov. 31st, 1646.
TQOYSTcloth, plush acorn top, and velvet cap.,
JL for .ale b;
. 8. NOURISH,
B O N
1 Rescue to the Afflicted!
Cerlaxn Remedy for all fixed Paine in the
M1J15, UAL ft,
Rheumatism in all its varied forms, Nervous
Afferiiom, Lung and liter complaints, Spinal
Affections, Female weaknesses, Ac, &c. For the
above complaints this plaster has no eq ual. The
great celebri'y which it has already acquired not
only in the old but in the new world, the extra
ordinary cures it has performed in the most ex
treme cases of sutlering, have acquired tor it such
a reputation, that the proprietor has not (until
recently) been able to supply half the demand.
Tho sales throughout every city, town, and vil-
lege in the United States are without a parallel ! !
A circumstance not surprising, when the vaBt
amount of human sutienng relieved by Us use bo
consiaereu. in ijumi w;ren uie utneui uiuauy
i of the most decided character. In Nervous
complaints, nineteen cases out of twenty readily
yieiQ lu uie puiiciraLiiig tttrnutu vuiumuuu 111 mis
In Rheumatism either acute or chronic tho claims
of the Hebrew Plaster have long since been uni
versally acknowledged. Those who ere laboring
under weuk backs, no matter from what cause
'e weakness may nave originateo, teyen ii sucn
FBrsuu , "b- i""""- -rr-
cations') in the use of the Hebrew Flaster they
will find the aHected part suddenly restored to its
As a supporter in cases or constitutional mean
ness it will oe touno or great auvaniage. ms
particularly recommended to Females who are
suffering from sudden weakness, or general de
bilitv. In short, it embraces all the virtues which
the most scientific mind was capable of compound
ing from valuable substances round in the old
world, and will be found entirely free from those
objections which are a source of complaint with
the numerous read-plasters now before the pub
ffi-Theso plasters possess the advantage of
being put up in tight Boxes, hence, they retain
their full-virtues in all climates.
1'Hi.L.l'S fit ljL,Ah.Sb.v ,
Corner of Third and Chestnut sts.
St. Louis, Gen'l Ag'ts fur the Western States.
Oir-Purchasers are advised none can be genuine
unless purchased from them or their Agents.
Agents. DR. WM. it. SjnelsoN, tayotte. K.
P. Hanf.nkamf & Co., Glasgow. McCamfrell
A Coatf.s, Huutsville. W. C. Hill &. Co.,
January 10th, 1847.
The Imported Draft-Horse
WILL stand the present season at
the farm of Robert W. Boecs, two
miles south of Favette, on the road
leading to JBoonville, and will serve
mares at S3 the leap, to be paid when
the service is rendered; the sea
son it paid wiunn me season, ana $0 u not paiu
until the expiration ot the season; and 10 in
sure a mare in toai, to ue paiu wnen uie tact is
ascertained or the mare parted with by the owner.
Any person putting hve mares, or becoming re
sponsible for that number, shall have one gratis
Good pasturage will be furnished wares from a
distance, on the most reasonable terms, and grain
furnished when required. All care will be taken
to prevent accidents or escapes, out no respousi.
VliSCKif nuis acc.
John Bull is a dark mahogany bay, 7 years old
this Soring. 18 hands 3 inches high, and in fine
life and health. This horse was imporea inio
tha United States bv the late Capt. James M
lVhite. of Selma. Missouri, in the year ls4', and
his hecn brought to this pl'ice by the undersigned,
because of their settled conviction that he i just
tne uorse t ne iarmera 01 me cuumry iieeu.
perior draft and farming stock, should afail him-
self of the opportunity now prespniea, as u may
hB the itt. (the horse boms owned oy persons
liviniT in the southern part of the State.) This
. .. u ...J J 1.:
norse IS 1116 lull llcltflli wuuavB sincu, i:ii
form, weight and general appearance uiaicate ine
g -u .. - ?. - .
H 111V1LO lllC UUUIIU DHU vfuvviH'M
. . . iniI)rova the ,izPl slreilBth and stamina
of their 8tock cau 8nd see him before making
other ntl gatisfled as we are, that none
can fail r0 he pleased
Ti.a mailTree f this horse is now in thepos.
gession of Col. Ferdinand Kennet of St. Louis,.
an(j w i 1 1 be procured in time to answer all the
purposes or ms patrons, i ne season nas uuw cvm
menced and wUl end the4tn ot juiy next,
ROB'T. W. BOOQS,
April 3d, 1847.
To Consumer of Irouand Steel.
TfrEhaveon hand, and expect constantly to
v T keep a large and well assorted stocK, eon
Is stimr of . . .
Bar Iron of various sizes.
Round. Rod and Hood do.
I AmA.:Bn ni;.t.p Paul and flnrmn Rtiwl.
1 aui..ii wbm ,
To which we repectully invite your attention,
J. RIDDLES!) AUG ER 4- Co.
Fayette, april 24th, 1847
MrAINTS. OILS, &c A very large and general
I r 1-1 IT Ml D CVPIriM
assortment lor saie uy nju v.. u.njjvii
Fayette, april 24th, 1847.
f-ERFUMERyI blve received a large supply
I of Perfumery, consisting of Coloene Water,
Cosmetics, Fane, Soapa, Oil.7&a.. which willbe
r- & SNELSON.
T INSEEP OIL AND WHITE LEAD,
JLi Castor Oil. Turpentine,
Knsom Salts. Saleratus.
Indigo, Madder, &c., die, all of the very
best quality for sale by
a iv 1 1 4Z.cn tf Uiiii m a.
Fayette, April 24th, 1847.
"CHAMPION'S PILLS, aa
ague and anti-bilious
for sale by J RIDDLESBARGER 4" Co.
rayette, april zttn, it (
"1RIND STONES. A superior lot of Osage
VJB grit, lor sale low, ny
J. RIDDLESBARGER $ Co.
Fayette, april tilth, itm.
17UMILY BIBLES. A few splendidly bound
I -i- aud gilt edged family bibles, for .ale by
SHINGLES. A quantity or good Shingles on cut mem on; anu it occame necessary 10 oe- ouiiaiugs wi s"' P!" it ticuiariy now inai ino warm weainer ts ap-
hand and for sale by tach capt. St. Vrain's company for their pro- height of .even or eight stories. Each of these pr0nching, is Indian com. Wa have, in
J. RIDDLESBARGER J- Co. teclion. This service waa rendered in the buildings was capable of sheltering Ave or six wlking along the levee, seen large quanti-
Fayette, april 24th, 1347. most satisfactory manner. So soon a. the wa- hundred men. Boside. these, there were many (j fl0IDtr 0n ship board for Europe which
I... , i,.in kiJ kun hrnnohf un. I nrrinrnit pni. amallflr huildinss. and the larco church of Ihe 8 c. . 1. ' . ..
Fayette, spril 2 lib.
CEASES TO BE DANGEROUS, WHEN
FROM NEW MEXICO.
IlKADQtUlTEaS ARMY I If New MEXICO,)
Santa Fe.Feb. 16. 1847. I
Sirj I have the hnnor to submit to you a
short account of the recent revolution in this
Territory, and detailed report of the opera
tions of the force, under my command, conse
quent upon the rebellion.
About the 15ili of December last I recoived
information of an attempt to eicita the people
of this Territory against the American govern-
ment. ihis rebellion wa beaded by I'homas
Ortiz and Diego Archuleta. An officer, for
merly of the Mexican service, waa seized, and
on his person whs found a list of all the disban
ded Mexican soldiers in the vicinity of Santa
Fe. Many other person, supposed to bo im
plicated, were arrested, and a full investigation
proved that many of the moat influential per
sons in the northern bart ot this territory were
engaged in the rebellion. All attempts to ar
rest Ortiz and Archuleta proved unsuccessful,
and thesa rebels have, without doubt, escaped
in the direction oi ihihuahua.
After the arreat above mentioned and tho
flight of Ortiz and Archuleta, the rebellion ap
peared to be suppressed; but this appearance
On the 14th of January, Gov. Bent left this
city for Taos. On the 19th of the same month,
this valuable officer, together with five other
persons, were seized at Don Eernando de Taos,
by the Pueblos and Mexicans, and murdered in
the most inhuman manner the savages could
devise. On tho same day, seven Americans
were murdered at the Arrcya Honda, and two
others on the Rio Colorado. The name, of
the unfortunate person, thu. brutally butcher
ed, are a. follows:
At Don Fernando De Taos Charles Bent,
Governor; Stephen Lee, sheriff; Jame. W.
Leal, c.rcuit attorney; Cornelio Vigil, (a Mex
ican,) prefect; Narcisus Beaubien, (son of the
circuit judge;) Parbleau Harvimeah, (a Mexi
can.) At the Arroya noma Simeon lurlcy, Al
bert Turbush, Wm. Hatfield, Louis Tolque,
Peter Robert, Joseph Marshall, Wm. Austin.
At the Rio Colorado Mark Head, Wui. Iur-
It appeared lo bo tbe object of the insurrec
tionists to put to death every American and ev
ery Mexican who had accepted office under the
News ot these event, reached me on the
20th ol January; and letters from the rebels,
calling upon the inhabitants of the Rio Abnjn
for aid, were intercepted. It was now ascer
tained that the enemy, was approaching this
city, and that their force was continually be
ing increased by '.he inhabitant, ol tha towns
along their line of march.
In order to prevent the enemy trom roceiv-
ing any further reinforcements in that manner,
determined to meet them as soon as possible.
Supposing that tho detachmeut of the necessary
troops would weaken the garrison ol bants re
too much, 1 immediately ordered up trom Albu
querque, major Edmondson, 2J regiment Mis
souri mounted volunteers, and capt. Burgwin,
with their respective commands, directing capt.
Burgwin to leave one company ol dragoons at
this post, aud to join me with the other. Maj.
hdmond.oo wa. directed to remain in Santa
Captain Giddings. company A, Sd regiment
Missouri mounted volunteers, was also order
ed to join me with his company, upon the
arrival of captain Burgwin.
Leaving lieut col. Willock in command of
this post on the S3d of January, I man-lied from
this place at the head of companies D, captain
M'Millin, K, captain Williams, L, capt. Siack,
M, capt. Hallev, and N, capt. Barber, of the
2d regiment Missouri mounted volunteers, cap
tain Augney s baitallion of inlantry , and a com
pany of Santa re volunteers, commanded by
captain Si. vrain. l also tooK wun me lour
mounted howitzers, which I placed under the
command of lieut. A. B. Dyer, of the ordnance.
.My whole force composed three hundred and
fifty three, rank and tile, and with the excep
tion of capt. St. Vrain's company, were all dis
mounted. Un the inarch capt. Williams wa
taken sick, and the command of company K
devolved upon lieutenant B. F. White. On
the 24lh of January, at half past 1, P. M. our
advance (captain St. Vrain's company) disco v.
ered the enemy in considerable force near the
town of Canada, '.heir position at that time be
ing in the valley bordering the Rio del Norte.
Preparation, were immediately made by me to
attack them; and it became necessary fur tha
troops to march more rapidly than the ammu
nition and provision wagons could travel, in or
der to prevent the escape of the enemy, or to
frustrate them in any attempt they might make
to occupy commanding positions.
A. 1 entered the valley, 1 discovered them
beyond the creek on which the town i. .ttuntcd,
aud in full possession of the heights command
ing the road to Canada, and ot three strong
houte. at the bases of the hills. My line ol
battle was imnediately formed the artillery,
consisting of four 12-pounder mounted howit.
zers, being thrown forward on the left flank
and beyond the creek, the dismounted men oc
cupying a position where they would be, in
some degree, protected by the high lilult bank
of the atream from the fire of the enemy, until
tha waeon train could be brought up. The ar
tillery opened on the nouses occupied by the
enemy, and on the "lore distant netgr
which alone the guns could ba brought to
Tnt ...eaiy , discovering the wagon, to b.
nd on tne more oisiant netgnt, on
than a mile in tho rear, sent a large party to
Angney to charge with his battalion of infantry,
and dislodge the enemy from the house oppo
site the right Hank, and from which a warm
fire was being poured on us. 1 bis was done
in the moat gallant manner.
A charge was then ordered to Do made upon
all the point, occupied by the enemy in any
force. Capt. Angney with his command, sup
ported by Iteut. White s company, charged up
one hill, while capt. St, Vrain's company turn
ed tha same, in order to cut on the enemy
when in retreat. The artillery, supported by
captain. M'Millin, Barber, and Slack, with their
respective companies, at ine same time iook
possession of some houses, enclosed by strong
corial densely wooded with Iruit trees, from
which a brisk fire was Kept up by the enemy
I and of the heights beyond them. Capt. Hal-
d ...r7. , . . ' 1 . . , . . . , iwvaio uuuiiuciifcwuiiicYcramilu
REASON IS LEFT FREE TO COMBAT IT."
SATURDAY, MAY 2, J 847.
ley', company wa. ordered to support captain J
Angney. In a few minute, my troops had dis-l
lodged the enem) at all points, and they were
flying in every direction. The nature of the
ground rendered pursuit hopeless; and il being
near night, 1 ordered the troops to take up
quarter, in the town. Tho number of the en-
emy was about 1500. Lieut. Irvine was woun
ded. In the charge my loss wa. two killed and
six wounded. Of the killed, one was a team-
ster, who volunteered in captain Angney's com
pany. 1 he loss or the enemy wa. 36 killed,
wounded not ascertained. The next morning
the enemy showed themselves in some force, I
think not less than 400, on the distant heights,
Leaving a .trong guard in the town, I marched
in pursuit of them; but they were so shy, and
relreated so rapidly, that finding it impossible
to get near them, i returned to town.
While at Canada, a number of the horses
belonging to captain Slack', company were
brought in by lieutenant Holcomb.
On the 27th, I advanced up the Rio del
Norte as far as Luceros, where, early on the
28th, I wa. joined by captain Burgwin, com
manding company li, 1st dragoons, and com pa-
ny A, xd regiment Missouri mounted volunteers, I
commandedT:y lieutenant Boone. Capt. Bur-
gwin' command was dismounted, and great
credit is due to him and his officer, and men
for the rapidity with which a march so long
and arduous was performed. At the same time
lieutenant ilson, 1st dragoons, who had vol-
unteered hi. services, came up wiith a 6-poun
der, which had been sent for from Canada.
My whole force now comprised 479, rank
and file. On the 29th I marched to La Joya,
where 1 learned that a party of 60 or 80 of the
enemy had posted themselves on the steep
slopes of the mountain, which rise on each side
of the canon or gore, which leads to Embudo.
Finding the road by Embudo impracticable for
artillery or wagons, 1 detached captain riur-
gwin in that direction, with his own compa-
ny of dragoons and the companies commanded
oy captain i. v rain and lieutenant w nue.
This detachment comprised 180 rank and file,
By my permission Adjutant R. Walker, 2d
regiment Missouri volunteers, accompanied
captain Burgwin. Lieutenant Wilson, 1st dra
goons, also volunteered his services a a prt
vale in captain i. Vrain a company.
Captain Burgwin pushing forward, discover-
ed the enemy to the number of between six and
seveu nuuurcu, puaicu un ue amen ui ins mouu- i
taina, lust where the gorge becomes socontruc-
ted as scarcely to admit of the passage of three
men marching abreast.
i ne rapiu siopes oi mo mnuniains renuerco
the enemy a position very strong, and its
strength was increased by the dense masse, ol
cedar and large fragments of rock which every
where oflaroii thf-m shelter. I he action wa
commenced by Capt. St. Vrain, who, dismount-
ing his men, ascended the mountain on the left,
doing much execution. Flanking partie. were
thrown out on either aide, commanded respec-
tively by Lieut. White, 2d regiment Missouri
mounted voluntoeri, and by Lieut.. M Ilvaine
and Taylor, 1st drngoons. These parties as- smoke, bot for which circumstance our storm
canded the hills rapidly, and the enemy soon ing party would have suffered great loss. A
began to retire in the direction of bm'iudo.
bounding along tha steep and ruuzed sides of
the mountains with a speed that deiied pursuit,
The firing at the pass of Embudo had been
heard at La Joya, and Capt. Slack, with X5
mounted men, had been immediately despatch'
ed thither. He now arrived and rendered ex
cellent service by relieving Lieutenaat White.
whose men were much fatigued. Lieutenants
M'llvaine and Taylor were also recalled, and
Li"Ut. Ingalls was directed to lend a flanking
party on the rich' slope, while Captain Sla -k
performed the same duty on the left. The
enemy having by this time relreated beyond
our reach, capt. Burgwin marched through the
defile, and debouching into the opxn valley, in
which Embudo is situated; recalled Ih'i fluikinp
parties, and entered that town without any op-
po-iition, several persons meeting him with a
Our loss in this action was one man killed
and one severely wounded, both belonging to
cspt. St. V rain's company. The loss of the
enemy wa. about zo killed and ou wounded.
Thu. ended the battle ot the pass ol bmbu-
On ihe 30th captain Burgwin marched to
Trampas, where he was directed lo await the
arrival of the main body, which, on account ot
the artillery and wagons, was forced to pursue
a more southern routa. un tne Jlst 1 reacned Tafoya was killed at Canada; Chavis was kill
Trampas; and bs-ing joined by cipt. Burgwin, Lj at Puebla; Montova was hang -d at Don Far
marctiea on 10 vnarnisai wun ina wnoie com-
mand. On the 1st of February we reached
the summit 01 ins imi mouniatn, wnicn was
covered with snow to the depth of 2 feet; and
on the 21, quartered at a .mall village called
RmChicito, in the entrance of the valley ot
Taos. The marches of tha 1st and 2J were
hroughdeep snow. Many of tho men were
frost-bitten; and all were very much j led
with the exertions necessary to travel over un
beaten roads, doing marched in front of the ar
tillery and wagons in order to break a road
through the snow. The constancy and pa
tience with which the troops bore these hard
ships, deserve all commendation, and can not
ba excelled by the must veteran soldiers. Un
the 3d, I marched through Don Fernando de
Taos, and finding that the enemy hsd fortified
themselve. in the Pueblo de Taos, proceeded to
that place. I found il a place of great .trengih,
being surrounded by adobe walla and strong
pickets. Within the enclosure and near thei Shippers oj corn. uns 01 me most (Jell
northern and southern walls, arose two large I Cale articles to ship from New Oi leans, par-
town WGA suuaiou in 1110 nmii-woaicru riixih,
..n.ll n.H,, beinn left between it and the out
11 'i?h. .,,;. ..11 .ml .11 ,w
closed buildings were pierced for rifles. The
m.n admirab v calculate,! Tor defence,
svnrv nomt for the exterior walls and nickels
being flanked by soma protecting building,
will be seen fiom the enclosed drawing.
After having reconnoitered the town, 1 se
ected the western flank of the chnrch as the
loint of attack: and about 2 o'clock, P. M. Lieut.
Dyer was ordored to open hi. battery at the dis
v.s.ww. . . - .wf
kat t Ka aiv-nminfinr nti tnt hrwilaaa fii eakntii
UJ ... .
wn hours and a. naif When, aa tha ammunition
wman had not vet come un. and tha iroons
I were suffering from cold and fatigue, I return
ed to Don l-ernando. tSarly la the morningl has srnveu at ron ueavenwonn.
of the 4th, I again advanced upon Pueblo. Post
ins the draeoons undar pant Rnpirxln .hm.t
26t) yards from the western flunk of the church,
lordered the mounted men unrlnr rnntain sti
Vrain and Slack to a position on the opposite
side of the town, whence they could discover
and intercept any fugitives who mirht atimm
lo escape towards the mountains, or in the di-
reclion of Don Fernando. Tha residue of the
troop, took ground about 300 yards from the
northern wall. Here, too, lieut. Dyer estab-
Itshed himself with tho aixspounder and two
howitzers, while lieut. Hassendaubsl, of major
Clark.', battalion light artillery, remained with
capt. Burgwin, in command of two bowitaar..
By thi. arrangement a cross fire was obtained,
.weeping tha front and eastern flank of tbe
All these arrangements having been made.
the batteries opened upon the town at 9 oVIoclc.
a. M. At II o'clock, finding it impossible to
bieach the walla of the church with the six
pounder and howitzers, I determined to storm
mat building. At a signal, capt. Burgwin, (1st
regiment United States dragoons.) at the head
of his own company, and that of capt. M'Millin,
(of the volunteer.,) charged with the western
flank ol the church, while capt. Angney, infan
try battalion, and capt. Barber and lieut. Boone,
2d reciment Missouri mounted vnlunmnrn.
charged the northern wall. As soon as the
troops above mentioned had established them-
selves under the western wall, of the church,
axes were used in the attempt to breach it! and.
a temporary ladder having been made, the rool
was fired. About thi. time. cant. Buruwin. at
the head of a .mall oartv. left the covar ff.ird.
ed by the flank of the church, and penetrating
into the corral in front of the building, endea-
vored to force the door. In this oxposed .itua-
tion, capt. Burgwin received a severe wound
which deprived me of his valuable aervice.,
and, of which hedied on lhe7lh inst. Lieuten-
ants M'llvaine, 1st Coiled State dragoons, and
Ro all and Lackland, 2i regiment mounted
volunteers, accompanied capt. Burgwin into
the corral; but the attempt on the church door
proved fruitless, and they were compelled lo
retire behind the wall. In the meantime, small
holes had been cut into the western wall, and
shell, were thrown to by hand, doing good ex
cution. The six pounder was now bronchi
around by lieut. Wilson, who at the distance ol
200 yards, poured a heavy fire of grope into
The enemy durina all this time kept uo a de
lit ructive fire upon our Hoops. About half
past 3 o clock the six pounder was run up with
i m sixty yards ol the church, and afier ten
rounds, one of the holes which had been cut
with tho axes was widened into a practicable
breach. Tho gun was now run up within ten
yard, of the wall, a shell was thrown in. and
3 rounds of grape shot were poured into the
breach. The storming party, among whom
were lieut. Dyer of tbe ordnance, and lieut's
Wilson and Tavlor. 1st drairoona. entered and
hook possession of the church without opposi-
tion. The interior was filled with dense
few of the enemy were seen in the gallery
I where an open door admitted the air, but thev
retired without firing a gun. The troops left
to support the battery 00 the north were now
ordered to charge on that side. The enemy
abandoned the western part of the town.
Many took refuge in the larse houses on the
east, while others endeavored to e.cape toward
the mountains. These latter were pursued by
the mounted men under c.pt. Slack and St
Vrain, who killed 61 of them, ouly two or thiee
men escaping. It was new night, and our
troops were quietly quartered in the houses
which the enemy had abandoned. On the
uext morning the enemy sued for peace, and
thinking the severe lo-s they had sustained
would prove a salutary lesson, 1 granted their
supplication, on the condition that they should
deliver up to me Toma;, one of their principal
m:n who had instigated and ben actively en
gxged in tha murder of Gov. Bent and other.
I he number of the enemy at the battle of rue-
bio do Taos was between six and seven hun
dred. Of these about ISO were killed, wound
ed not known. Our own loss was seven killed,
and 45 wounded. Many of tha wounded have
I aince died
The principal leaders in this insurrection
were Tafoya, Pablo Chavis, Pablo Montoys,
Cortex, and Tomas, a Pueblo Indian. Of these,
nando on the 7ih instant, and I omas was shot
by a private whlie in tho guard room at the
utter town. Uortee is still at large. This
Derg0n was at the hoaJ of the rebel, in tho val
(ey 0f the Mora. For the operation, in that
Quarter, I refer you to the subjoined Inters
iro,n captains Henley, separata battalion Mis-
Louri mounted volunteers, and Murphy, of the
infantry , and lieut. M'Kamey, second regiment
Missouri mounted volunteers.
In the battle of Canada, E nbudo, and Pueblo
de Taos, the officers and man behaved admira
bly, Where all conducted th'jm-elves gallant
ly, I consider it improper to distinguish indi
viduals, a. such discrimination might operate
prejudicially against the just claims of others.
1 have the honor to t, very respectfully,
Vour ob't .erv't. STERLING PRICE.
Col. Commanding the army in New Mexico,
Adjittant General of the Army, Washington
i , ,. , . . . , .
Ji jurru, "
. entirely spoiled belore it reaches its de.tin
"" orn D0 nippea cr" nl
lantic, snuuiu do periocuy curea ana ury
if there it any softness shout it, or dump
as ness, 11 will rspuiy spoil wnen cuminea 111
I the close hold ol a vessel. It ought not lo
- be shiDned even in damp weather, and par
vicularly if it has in the least degree been
I ,tn.,j to a shower.
Shippers can not be too careful at to the
k .idtft in which inn arucie n ieni on mid
I - n
board iv. V. uutieitn
Tbe gallant Captain Steen, wounded (nth
- battle of Buena Vista under General Taylor,
LETTER FROM SENATOR BENTON TO
THE PEOPLE OF OREGON.
Washington Citv, March, 1847.
My Friends (for such I may call many of
you from personal acquaintance, and all of you
from my thirty year, devotion to the interest!
of your country) I think it right to make thi!
communication lo you at the present moment,
when the adjournment of Congress, without
passing the bill for your government and pto
lection, seems to have left you in a state of
abandonment by your mother country. But
such is not the case. Tou are not abandoned!
nor will you bi denied protoction for not agree
ing lo admit slavery, I, a man of the south.
and a slaveholder, tell you this.
I he House ot Keprea.ntativea, as early as
the middle of January, had passed the bill to
give you a Territorial government, and in that
bill had sanctioned and legalized your Provis
ional Organic Acl, one of the clauses of which
forever prohibit, the existence of slavery in
Oregon. An amendment from the Senate's
committee, to which this bill wa. referred, pro
posed to abrogate that prohibition; and in the
delays and vexations lo which that amendment
gave rise, the whole bill was laid upon the ta-
kl .lt . V . L - rr.L- !tlt-
urn umu iuti iur ma season. 1 nis win os m
great disappointment to you, and a real calam
ity; already five year, without law, or legal
institution for the protection of life, liberty
and property! and now doomed to wait a year
longer. I his is a strange and anomalous con
dition ! almost incredible to contemplate, and
most critical tn endure! a colony of freeman,
4000 miles from the metropolitan government,
and without laws or government to preserve
them! But do not be alarmed, or desperate,
you will not be outlawed for not admitting
slavery, .our fundamental act against that
institution, copied from the Ordinance of 1787
(the work of the great men of the South, in
the great day of the aonth, prohibiting slavery
in a territory far less northern than yours)
will not be abrogated! nor is that the intention
0 the prima mover of the amendment.
Upon the record, the Judiciary Committee of
the Senate is the author of that amendment!
but not so the fac! That committee is only-
midwife to it. Its author is the same mind that
generated the "Fire-Brand Resolutions," of
which 1 send you a copy, and of which the
amendment is the legitimate derivation. Ore
gon is not the object. The most rabid propa
gandist of slavery can not expect to plant it on
the shores of the Pacific: in the latitude of Wis
consin and the Lake of the Woods. A hom9
agitation, for election and disunion purposes is
all that is intended by thrusting this fire-brand
question ioto your bill! and, at the next session,
when it is thrust in again, we will scourge it
out! and pass your bill as it ought to be. I
promise you ihis in the name of the South, as
well of the North; and the event will not de
ceive me. In the mean timo, the President
will give you all the proieciion which existing
laws, and detachments of the army and navy
can enable him to extend to you; and. until
Congress has tima to act, your friends must re
ly upon you to continue to govern yourselves,
as you have heretofore done, undor the provis
ions ol your own voluntary compact, and with
the justice, harmony and moderation which is
due to your own character aud to the honor of
tne American name.
I seed you by Mr. Shinely, a copy of tha
bill of the late session, both as it passed the
House of Representatives and as proposed to
be amended in the Senate, with the Senate's
vote upon laying it on the table, and a copy of
Mr. Calhoun's Resolutions (posterior in dato
to the amendment, but, nevertheless, father to
it) also a copy of your own Provisional Or
ganic Act, a. printed by order of the Sanato,
hich will put you completely in possession of
the proceedings of Congress on yiur Petition
for a Territorial Government, and for tha pro
lecion ana security 01 your rign-is.
In conclusion. I have to assure you that the
same spirit which tins made mo the friend of
Oregon for thirty years which led ine to de
nounce the Joint Occupation treaty the day it
was male, and to oppose its renewal in 1828.
and to labor for its abrogation until it was tor
minaied; the same spirit which led ma to re
veal the grand destiny of Oregon, in articles
written in 1318. and to support every measure
for her benefit since this giine spirit still an
imates me, and will continue to do so while I
live; which, I hope, will be long enough to sea
an tmporium of Asiatic commerce at the mouth
of your river, and a stream of Asiatic trade
pouring into the Valley of the Mississippi
through the channel of Oregon.
Your friend and fellow.-citizen,
THOMAS H. BENTON.
From the Halifax (N. C.) Republic.
IMPORTANT LETTER FROM MR. CAL.
Fobt Hill, March 20, 1847.
Dsa Sis: I received with your letter the
paper you were so kind as to send me.
I see, that, notwithstsnding your kind feelings
lowsrds me, you have greatly misjudged me in
thinking I ever joined the "fallen fortune" of
Mr. Van Buren, The truth is, I have not been
able, with my principles and policy, lo act with
either party, except occasionally for the last sev.
enteen years. I differ from both on several im
portant questions, and among others, the pro.
nptive policy ot turning opponent, out of
ffice indiscriminately, and bestowing their pla.
cts, as rewards, for partisan service, on the
east metitorions of their respective parties, and
agree with each in soma particulars. Mine
as been sn independent course throoghoot, and
encs I have been compelled to separate from
the party in power, and set with those out of
power, during the long period mentioned. I
ave never separated fiom the weak to join the
strong, but trom the stroag to join ths weak.
seek no otnee, snd desire none, end only con.
untie to represent, the state in the senate, be
cause it is unwilling I should decline. I would
not accept the Presidency, but from the people,
and then from a sense of duty only. Nothing
csn indue, me to sacrifice my independence,
not even lo retain lavor in my native State.
If I, in 1837, .upported Mr. V.n Bnren, it was
because he wa. forced to tustsin the measure
I had supported against him and General Jack.
son, snd Because tne nigs look ground against
them; snd not becanse 1 joined him or his fallen
fortnrnes. I had no motive to do either, whits
I hsd strong ones to support ths measures, which
I approved. It would have been highly censura
ble in me to turn against them, because be had
been forced to support them.
tth great respect, I am. ore.
J. C. CALHOUN.
C. N. Weib, Esq. -
The battle cry of the Americans at San Ga
briel in California, on the 6ih of January last,
waa uNew Orleans." Well did the Amerieani
remember the glory given to that day on the
plains of Chalrneita in 1816, and nobly did. they
celebrate that anniversary.
September 19th, 1940.