Newspaper Page Text
THR: WEEKLY STATESMAN.
THURSDAY... MAY 6, 1881
.' t Contracts hare bceu made to
' carry sixty thousand emigrants
from Norway and Sweden to Amcr
; . A nihilist manifesto announcing:
the approaching death or Alexander
IL has been received by all the Rus
sian ministers and court officials.
Ben Butler bsheTca that Conk
ling in the only man ablo to make
New York Republican. Without
Mm the stato would be always Deirf
. Thk departure of one thousand
migrants from Cork every day is
rapidly solving tho question of dif
ferences between the lords and the
One hundked thousand bushels
of wheat have lately been (.hipped
from Chicago to St. Louis, to be for
warded to New Orleans, via tho Mis
It is said that Coukliug and
Southern senators have agreed that
no confirmation shall be made in
any state where both senators from
the state object. '
TVar between gas and electricity,
as a light-producer, is begun in some
of the northern cities. It promises
to cheapen a great item of public
and private expense.
The records of the agricultural
department, at Washington, show
that the increase of value in lands
was, in 1880, greater in the Southern
than in the Northern states.
And now Turkey struts up to tho
front and puts on airs about the
American hog, and tho Porte de
clares that neither tho brute nor his
product shall be admitted into Otto
; Mr. Moody, the revivalist, is ac
credited witli saying that the daily
press is not noted for lis pious edi
tors. He has never honored the
Statesman with his presence, or he
may have made exceptions.
Cor- Gkiffin, under instruction
of Capt. Eads, has made a thorough
examination of Tarcpico, or Santa
Ana de Tamaulipas, on the Mexican
Pacific coast, and his report is not
favorable to it as a harbor. Eads is
after building tho ship railway.
, , i 1
tnlck restrained the Texas & St.
Louis railway lrom further interfer
ence with the construction of tho
Missouri PacifLe at Waoo. It is rea
sonable to suppose the managers
will settle disputes like business
, A kkw process of making steel
from inferior iron ores is in suc
cessful operation in England. It is
known as the Thomas-Gilchrist pro
cess, and it might be put to most
profitable use in Texas, where steel
is in great demand,' and where the
. a aa st
reduction irom our nne ores wouiu
be much less expensive.
: The Czar still resides at the di
minutive chateau of Gatschina,
guarded by six consecutive cordons
of soldiery. His majesty is never
seen outside the inner circle. Mean
while the Anitischkofi Palace, his
majesty's town mansion, has been
1 Intrusted to the guardianship of 300
men of the Pavlowski Guards. ' : .
' Col. Tbed Grant has not ro-
' aiomnil Vila nnaitlnn In Mia arm v Tint.
is absent on a two mouth's furlough
i with permission to have it extended
.four months. Nobody in Texas
t ought to object, since young Grant
is here with money behind him.
. putting life and energy into a pros-
It 1 m . 1 .
TMRLlVe DTIRL l lllfl railWHV HUB.
; . i m m i i i i
The Socialists were to hold a con
' ference about this time in London,
Vmr. IliA attWnrla rtf trta PurAnunn
powers towards disturbance, just at
this time, prevents the assembly, as
contemplated. The one called, to
meet at Zurich, some time this sum
mer will certainly bo prohibited, and
it is now surmised that tho meet
ing will be held in New York.
A bill, has passed both houses of
the Indiaua legislature, conferring
the right of suffrage at all elections
upon women. Governor Porter,
should he prevent the bill becoming
a law, will have to emigrate to
Texas, and run for a seat iu our
lower legislative house, where they
kill even the right of a woman to
engage in honest toil for the state.
The bill creating a railroad com
mission for New York has passed
the lower house of the legislature by
vote of 74 to S3. The proposed ob
jects' to take railroad corporations
under the same sort of supervision
that insurance companies are al
ready subject to. It provides for
one chief commissioner and two as
sociates, whose salaries are to be
$8000 per annum.-' . i ;
. i .
The railroad commlssioner8,in the
several states where they have been
adopted, are giving satisfaction la
spite of the terrible opposition pre
sented to a commission in, Texas.
The railroads finding they are forced
into a regulation go into it with a
good grace, and all works smoothly.
A convention of railway commission
ers is talked of at Louisville, where
they will meet, sometime this sum
mer, and compare operations and re
salts for therantual benefit of the sev
eral states.' '
' Ms. Gould Is going to break into
the arrangements . of .the Pullman
Car Company, on his lines, by intro
ducing a new car seat that can be
converted into a couch. The seat is
Use those in ordinary day cars, but
at night it can- be converted into
comfortable-bed by the passenger
without the intervention of a por
ter. It i proposed to pse this seat
on all passenger cars, and the rate
to bo charged tho passenger, will, It
is said, be merely .nominal, ,. By n
ingenious arrangement aa npper and
lower berth can be made 'which are
distinct and separate," and a curtain
makes either as private m is nacee
aaryv ' ' I
EDITORIAL NOTES -
The reports from the winter
Whcnt in tins AY eft ore discouraging.
-inc anii-irca iuf law iu w t-
consin Iiiu been decided to be in
valid. Tho new Kansas prohibition law
is driving a grc.t deal of immigra
tion into Mibhouri.
Tho termini of the Pnuama ca
nal have changed so as to reduce its
leu-rtli seven kilometres.
The but tvr, cheese, ejrg and milk
business of thin country is estimated
to be worth 40,000,000.
A recent census of Culm feliows
awhile population of 90,000, a col
ored population of 4j,000, uud Chi
Peaches are a total failure in
Delaware and Maryland. The fruit
dealers will depend this season al
most wholly on Georgia and North
Two New York companies are
to stiirt lairer beer brcviu!r in Lon
don this summer one with a capital
of $500,000, aud the other with $300,
000. Secretary Kirkwood warns the
negroes not to bo taken iu by tho
New Oklahoma scheme, which pro
poses to settle tho Jadiaii Territory
wit n neroc.
Jersev City is much excited on
the railroads paying no taxes to help
the place out of debt. It is claimed
that there are S58.000.000 of proper! v
on which taxes are paid there, while
f;tjO,000,000 ot property belonging to
the railroads puv nothing at all.
There is consequently au anti-monopoly
parly in Jersey City, in
winch nutiouul politics are eschew
It is reported, probably in the
interest of the unii-Chinese move
ment, that a terrible disease has
broken out among the Chinauieu
employed on the Canada Pacific
railroad works in British Columbia.
Ono case, that of a Chinese . cook nt
a place known as Big runnel, will
serve to illustrate the phases of the
struuge malady. He sat down, ap
parently pcrtertlv well, to cat his
dinner, when liis feet began to swell,
unci the swelling extended itself up
his legs uud boil y. reaching the vital
parts iu about teu minutes, and
rtiusiug his abdomen and eldest to
expand to the most unnatural, pro
portions, and he tumbled down
dead, all in less than tilt ecu minutes
from the time the disease attacked
him. In this way the people arc
dviuif by dozens, and nl ready more
than one hundred have been cairicd
oil, while the people are greatly
alarmed. The government has bceu
asked to have tho disease iiivestiga-
The event of the Brinley sale was
the struggle for the possession of the
tumous copy ol tho Uutteuberg .bi
ble, the only ouo in America, with
t he exception of a copy in the Lenox
library! It seems almost superflu
ous to describo this rare treasure,
tor few are . totally unacquainted
with the story of the typographical
pioneer,. Joannes Uutteuberg, his
struggles, his connection with Faust,
aud the long law suit that beggared
him. The latter was decided in
1455, and although the Brinley copy
of his work bears no date, it is be
lieved to havo been printed between
tho year 1450 and 1455, .the work
probably occupying a considerable
part ot that period. Belonging to
the extraordinary rare first edition,
it may properly claim to be the first
book ever printed with types. The
text is tho vulgate of Su Jerome,
with his prologue, familiar ouly to
scholars. The type is Gothic, and
only the hundreds , of illuminated
capitals, brilliantly colored and dec
orated, bu. the paucity of typo
graphical errors and the nice execu
tion of detail cince its title to pre
cedence of many other copies in
point of origiu, and its production
as an ' example. The capitals are
many of them emblazoned with or
namentation in gold,' and the two
volumes are iu the original biudiug
thick oaK boards sheathed in call.
beautifully Btamped. protected at
the corners with ornamented shields
of brass, and decorated nt the center
with designs in the same metal and
bosses; The edges ol many or the
leaves are uucut,.and show traces' of
tho cues of the rubr.icator. They are
very broad, measuring 15 J by 11 J
inches on the leaf. .
The book is without title pages:
thero is no pagination.' The 641
leaves are printed in double columns
of forty-two Hues each, and the ini
tials and rubrico. are in manuscript.
The large folio volumes are of near
ly equal thickuess, tho first, of 334
leaves, endiug with the Psalms, and
tho secoud. of 317, completing the
I ext.," Oue leaf of the first volume is
in fuc simile, aud ' sixteen of the sec
ond. Ouly a favored lew, possessing
cards of admission, havo been per
mitted to inspect' tho treasure dur
ing the progress ol the sale. Inclos
ed in a glass case, which (as, all opti
cal experts know:ic'8 like a lens iu
showing tho beauty and lustre of
the text, the book has laiu open at
tjie story of Sanipsou aud the lion.
The Gothic letters are as fresh 'as
thoy were fo.ur hundred years ago.
Tho paper has acquired th6 mellow
softness of autiquity, but its uuiform
freedom lrom discoloration is al
most unique anloug ancient volumes
For four centuries the book lay
buried iu tho obscure library. of the
Predicrkirehe,.at Erfurt, where it
was discovered some iifte'ou years
ago. Dr. Ilruiiio Sluebel, t.he Lelp
sio antiquary, was . the first to pub
lish a description of it iu thfc bera
peum, numbers for August 15 and
31, 1S70. ; It H older thau the vellum
copy'iu the National library in Paris,
posmoiy uy two or tnrco years, me
illumination and binding ot the lat
ter having been completed, accord
ing to a note at. tho end of the vol
ume, ou' the day of the ass'umptiou
of the Virgin Mary, August 15, I-lfiG.
The copy is iu an excellent stain of
preservation, unstained by time or
mildew, and has evidently never
been washed. Tho decoration' 'n
arabesque, aud Dr. Trumbull infers
from its general tumptnoirsncss that
it wns origiually iutended for the
library of some pHnce or nobleman
possibly some ktdly patron of tho
strugg:iug inventor. ' Its exception
at beauty, howxver, instead ot pre
serviuo-ii lrom' unhallowed hands,
subjected it to' plunder by some van
dal, who appropriated the seventeen
missing leaves, probably because f
their artistic attractions." Hence the
fuc similes, one in the Mrst and six
teen in the second volume row
typographical errori have been' dis
covered in this' first edition. j ,
!"lJon!r-toii!r audience."' said Mr
Mackav to Col. Hungert'ord.
replied the ' colouel to our John
"Elect cram , de la cram hote
tong, chr quoth Johu, as his, shirt
bosom swelled with conscious pride,
uVce," said the colonel. Tho ct
oncl then shook band with the Corn-
slock millionaire ami congratulated
him ouhis fiow or French. Thecur
taiu went up and. one of the stars
flashed like. a meteor before the
spectators. .TMsguifeek!". cried the
colonel..' '"Tray beam!" shouted Mr.
M. fOukoree'." shrieked the colonel.
"Toot sweetr yelled John. After
the Plav. Mackav drew the colonel
to one side and whispered in hiseir.
"I don't mind tellin' ye I spake Ital
ian aa well as I do Frenchr-do vou?"
"Yes," replied the'colonoL "I guess
we've both. been, cultured in the
same hpt house-ircr, Cl(Jf.iytst
Thieves following the circusen
tered the house . of 'Mrs, Tate,' lt
Columbus, and7,stole valuables
worth ' $2000. They' were arrested
ty Marshal Maxtosoi JJallas. u
II Mil V. 1. .J 1 Ib'-l 1 i : .. ..Vl
TEXAS FACTS AND FANCIES.
Coast quarantine begins May 1.
A Clement attachment is talked of
A movement is on foot to found a
musical collego in Sun Antonio.
The Pacific road is annoyed with
suits at Marbhall.
Tho Tyler Democrat is in favor of
tho State University.
Jimmy Ncwcomb wants to be
postmaster at San Antonio.
Mr. Stone has not yet been for
mally made mayor of DaHu.
. Rockdalo boasts of having han
dled lcS,000 bales of cotton this year.
Waco wants 1o sell its Meam fire
engine, and reduoo the fire depart
ment.' Col. Peirco is going to establish
railway machine shops at San An
tonio. " . . ' ' ., '
Grading eastward on the Texas
& Mexican railway has begun at
Twenty-one Texas veterans died
between the reunion of 1880 and
that of 1881.
Dr. Sam Field, health officer of
Dallas, has a grand field for the ex
ercise of genius. .
In Brown county. Caleb Cox was
killed by a man named Peirce, who
w as also shot by a son of Cox.
The trial of Ham While, at Bas
trop, for murder, has been post
poned, the state lacking evidence.
The Houston press club wiU'have
a wagon in the Volksfest procession,
and will show how papers are prin
Tho El Paso stage was overhauled
by highwaymen near Fredericks
burg. The "robbers got seventv-flve
cents. : -
St. Marks Cathedral, at San Anto-
uio. ha3 been dedicated according
to the imposirigTites of the Episco
Iiobert Lyle,. charged, at Dallas,
with the murder of his brother-in-law,
John Raiuey, has been tried
aud declared not guilty.
The oil mill to bo built at Bren-
ham will have a capacity of 1200
gallons per day. It is to be built by
Mr. V enable, or .Memphis.
The sixty-second annlversarv of
Odd Fellowship was appropriately
celebrated by the members of the
order, belonging to the lodges Of
The men arrested at Dallas on the
charge of robbing Mrs. Tale, of Co
lumbus, have bebn discharged on
account of no evidence against
The people of Fori Worth arc
talking of building a railway to
wards the Panhandle region, and
Jay Gould willrbe asked to take
stock iu it. . ,
Herbert S, Bridges of Houston,
took poison at Galvoston and tried
lo kick the bucket, but friends came
in and prevented him breaking up
the concern. ' .
Five gentlemen of Galveston have
organized an astronomical --class.
They have purchased a telescope,
and are going to move right on to
giorv iu science.
Henry Ayers, who was arrested at
Hearne", turiu out to be Geo. Bos-
well who murdered his : paramour,
at Talladega, Alabama, while she
was being married to another man.
Examiner: The Austin papers are
urging Austin people to come up
and subscr be to the Austin, Burnet
& North stern railroad. Step up,
gentlemen -the city which hesitates
is lost. w .
On a charge of murder in the first
degree, arising out of the late kill
ing of Gilchrist, in Uvalde county.
Gen. Bavlor has been already tried
and acquitted. He acted in self-
John Hitchcock of Shreveporb
and Mr. J. Cooper ot Llano, two of
the lucky four who escaped from the
Fauuin massacre, at Goliad, in 1836,
met in Palestine after a separation
of 45 vear. !
United States prisoners, convicted
in the United Slates district courts
in Texas, are hereafter to be con
fined in the Southern Illinois peni
tentiary, at Chester, Illinois. This
is bv the order of Attorney-General
Mc-V'cigh. . ! .
A decayed infant was lately found
in a Sherman well. It did not make
much diilerencc about the infant,
but the fact caused a great commo
tion iu the stomachs' of those people
who had been ' drinking human
escence lor two weeks. .
G. C. Ch'hls, an express raessen-
scngcr on, the Oulf, Colorado .&
Saut'd Fe railroad,fell out of the door
of the express car while the t rain was
tu mot ion, near .Bel ton, and serious
njuries , were sustained, lie was.
picker, up and brought to thst city
for treatment. i
It is said the Palmer-Sullivan
road has more than 16,000 mem em
ployed loug its line; COO men are
divided into numerous engineering
corps, and they have ordered 200
locomotives and 4000 freight cars to
be delivered at Vera Cruz, Corpus
Christ! and Ma.nzauillo. ; ' .
Fritz Saner, of San Antonio, after
au nbscuce of twelve years, has re
turned. Ho was with the polar ex
pedition that recovered the remains
of Sir John Franklin, and has since
been all about over the world i by
way of the -seas. . He lost one of hU
hands in the capture of a whale. '
Branick Kiggs charged witu as
sault witli intent "lo murder Mr.
Hi lev, at Mountain Home, was ' rapr
tured near Sa'ttdo. the other day;
aud was taken to Belton and put iu
ail. lie had a tight at balado. just
before he was captured, with Tom
Johuson, and bit otT Johusou's noe
aim ono ear, ' j
Tho Palmer-Sullivan railway-eur-
vcyiug party have,, completed their
line to Goliad. The survey will be
made from Victoria directly through
Goliad aud on to San Diego. The
gauge of the road will be three
feet. Tho chk'l engineer in charte
was positive in his assertions that
the road would be built without delay-
. . " " ". !
A raro case ot deformity was ex
hibited before the North Texas Modi
cal Association, at its meeting held Su
Honey Grove. It was a man from
Delta county, who feed his bladder
ou the outside of hia body.?; AU the
functions performed . by , this organ
wero plainly visible, as there were
no wall's to that' portion ot the ab
domen."- " i ' l I
Dr. Lewis of New York.purchased.
not long-ago, 640 acres of mineral
land in Montague county, paying
therefor $10.000., He has developed
its worth, and has sold a one-fifteenth
interest to" Borne Philadel
ubian - for-1 S30.000. Conner ' and
silver abound iu tne neighborhood.
aud . fuhulous prices are, asked lor
adjoining tracts of land. . j
" At a recent 'meeting of the fish
cultural association 'of New' Yor!k,
it was stated that the growth of the
German carp that had' been intro-
,duced into Texas had been greater,
by nity.per cent.,, thau tho growth
ot. any other state. This is an im
portant -fact, and should .act .as an
encouragement to those who are ex?
perimeutipg wUhAhat fijie -fish, aad
should; induce Jother .1to attempt
their culture. ,. , .. " . --The,
railroad" war at Waco be
tween tae Tex is Jb SU Louis and the
Missouri-Pacific, has been Interest
ing., It was: over, the right-of-way,
and the men f, the M.-P. were- or
dered, to tear up the track of the
Texaa 4 Be Louis. The struggle be
gan when , the. officers stepped in
and prevented-, fight. The court
interfered in. behalf of.'iac. and
thav will llftGA lAultAl.'u
Tortarins bj Electrlcitr.
According to a dispatch from Ge
neva, ItussakotTaud Jalibofl. the kil
lers of the Czar, have been merci
lessly put to torture in the presence
of General Loris Melikofl. Itusa
koff was electricized by powerful
batteries and forced by "the intoler
able agony he suffered "to answer the
questions put to him.
Park Benjamin, the scientific ex
pert, savs : "The idea of torturing
criminals by electricity is not origi
nal with the Kiissiaiis. It is a iJritish
invention, and was first sugctted,
about five years ago; by an English
mechanical journal, in commenting
upon the execution cf criminals by
electric shock instead of by hanging.
The English writer wanted to do
away with the cat o' nine tails, which
is administered in England to gar
rotcrs and other criminals of certain
classes, and use the electric battery,
as he somewhat grimly expressed it,
so as to produce absolutely inde
scribable torture (unaccompanied by
wounds or even bruises,) thrilling
through every fibre of such miscre
ants. There was an American in
ventor who had a design for inflict
ing this species of punishment. He
tilted brackets of iron on the arms
aud thighs of the criminal, and plac
ed in them wet sponges. When
connected with a current of elec
tricity the shock would by this sys
tem pass through the legs and shoul
ders and avoid the vital parts of the
'The torture inflicted by electrici
ty is of two kinds by contraction
of the muscles at rapidly recurring
intervals and by burning with
sparks. The tortures ef old days.
when not done by fire or compres
sion, were the straining and tearing
asuuder of the muscles. Of this kind
were the rack, "scavenger's daugh
ter," and the cages of Louis XIV., in
which a man could not stand up or
lie down. The electric shock exact
ly reverses these conditions. It pro
duces an enormously rapid contrac
tiou in the body ot the muscles at
very short intervals. The degree of
pain produced is about the same.
The torce of the electricity has to be
nicely' graded, as a too powerful
shock would numb or kill a man.
"The other method is by condens
ing a number of intermittent sparks
ou the flesh. This burns the skin
and at the same time produces con
tractions of the muscles. It put to
the side of the jaw it would make
every tooth ache."
A 'distinguished surgeon of whom
questions were asked concerning the
machine said : "The best way to ex
plain it is to give you actual experi
ence; then you will know exactly
how it feels. Hero is a Faradic in
duction coil. I pull out this tube a
little way. Nov, let me place this
electrode to your haud. There."
"O !" exclaimed the inquirer, as a
tingling, thrilling sensation ran
through ever)' finger, and his hand
closed in an involuntary grasp.
"Does it hurt?" asked the doctor.
"Well, we'll try again. Now, you
see, I pull this tube further out. I
again touch It to you haud and .
"Whoop!" shouted the victim;
"take it away 1" The feeling was as
it the hand was crushed in a vice.
Every nerve ached and trembled
"That hurt, did it? Why that's
nothing. Here's something of a very
He fastened to one wire a small
wet sponge, and to the other wire
something like a paint brush, with
the brush part made ot one wire.
He nut the snouce in the visitor's
hand and then touched the back of
the hand with the wire brush. The
pain was unbearable. The surface
of the skin was scorched and the
muscles of the hand were contracted
in a violent manner.
"That is called the electric scourge.'
said the doctor. ."If it were dark'
you ceuld see sparks fly from each
wire. Imagine the effect if the elec
tricity were ten- times more power
ful." "Could any man bear that torture?"
"I think not : anv man would con
fess under it, but it is a question
what confidence could be placed in
such a confession. A man would
confess anything to escape . the
"What -would you compare the
pain to?" .
"it would be the same as burning
"Would it injure the man ?"
"No not unless the pain drove
him insane. If the battery was too
powerfulitwould kill at once. Ap
plied to some parts of the body the
scourge hurts more than on other
parts., New York Sun. , .
i ' T it
. Sober Tbouicbtl.
A printing olfice and a decent
paper are not conducted on the prin
ciple ol a free soup house for tramps
Jones says his minister is forever
preaching about the duty of resigna
tion, but never hints at resignation
In Boston theater programmes
are printed . on' Japanese paper that
does not rustle when ltandled. Cul
tured uerves, you know, are so sen
sitive. A church nc er splits on account
of its numerical strength. It is onlv
when t wo deacons can't decide which
oue to boss the sexton that need is
found for another building and min
"Yes," said the school girl who
had risen from the lowest to the
highest position in her class, "I shall
have a. horseshoe for my symbol, as
it denotes having come from the
"When I was a young man." says
Billings,"! was always in abig hurry
to hold, the big end of the log aud
do all the lilting ; now I am older, 1
sieze hold of the small end and do al I
The woman who leaves church
with a sense of inability to describe
the dress ot her neighbor in the next
pew, does it with a deep feeling of
sensibility that somehow or other
she has been remiss in her duty, i -
inc uumcy Modern Argo tells
us that an Englishman who married
a female wig maker in Chicago, tele
graphed the intelligence to solicit
ous friends across the water that he
had caput ed an American 'airess. -;
A man who suiTered extreme
pain from inflammatory rheumatism,
tried the Knock Chapel plaster cure,
and has not experienced a particle
ot pain for two weeks. Only a few
days ago he left his bed for the first
time in two years aud visited ' the
cemetery. .He. rode in a hearse.,; i
O, fair Ohio ! on thy fcrt:l plain . !
Uow grow g.ttat booiuiug crap of mutv
braiua, , .i
And Utile coornUt e bi-youd tU tea ' '
And Treasury dtskrat borne lint sprout fur thee,
Where the postofflre wooa tb cool March air,
ThT voice and baud, Ohio man, are there. f
For thee the fmllerptiip buntU tuto bloom, I
For thee aloue tbe Pretideutial boom,
For theethsi'laimnCumiiiNxlou opens It gate,
For thee the little etvrk'blf) miliu wait, i
Fur tbee the: vacant beucb imp-tieut Uud j '
For tbea wait ageucie ob Indian lanii, . ,
'ur tbe a(l office of every grade, , '
Fur thee all varancle that can lie made,
Flowers have their lime' to fude, aud leave to
All Mitug and season tblne; tbna has 'em ilL
Woodson Hardy . left Georgia
about eight, years ago and came to
Texas. Any information as to .his
whereabouts will be thankfully re
ceived by his sister, who is a poor
Widow lady. Address Jennie
Stapp, Huntington, Tennessee. Tex
as papers that wish to do a lavorfor
a wiaowed woman will please eopy,
aa did the generons Telephone. Mac
glories. in serving the women, j
',.113. Dawes is. advised by the Bos
ton Srlobe to pull his liver pad over
his cerulean abdomen, and lie down
to pleasant dreams.
Tucpitizeui of Wilco ore mat: titer
up a deficit on purchase of right of
- .1 if: : xa '
way awr uw juihvuii aravinc.
Washington- April 22, 181.
Mr. Mahonc and Mrs. Spoopcn
dyke's friend, "Mr. Deadlock," still
holdjindisputed sway in the Senate,
aud with very small show of abdi
cating at any early date. In tho
meantime all the public business is
held in abeyance, and indescribable
annoyance and confusion is the log
ical consequence. "I will attend
to your case as soon as 'the dead
lock is broken," says the afl'able cab
inet minister to his oflice-secking
friend; "till then I can do but lit
tle," aud the hopeful oftice-scckl:i
friend moves his trunk from the
fashionable boarding house where
he has seen his ready cosh melt away
all too rapidly, and, taking up his
lodgings in some humble abode, he
begins to look around for a liberal-
minded friend from whom to ex
tract a loan, or, failing iu that, lie
steals like a thief in the night into
a pawn Bhop and leaves his cherish
ed chronometer, or, mayhap, his dia
mond stud glimmering there in
hopeless inaccessibility that is, of
course, provided he is the lucky
possessor of such valuable collateral.
If he is not, his case is decided. I lo
takes his valise and with sadness fast
dissolving into vindictivencss,begius
his weary walk homeward. And
all irresponsive to the auguUh, to
the depleted pockets and the de
luded hopes of their constituents,
the senators have unanimously indi
cated their stubborn resolvu ou both
sides to sit here till December. Quo
might imagine that a dying Law
rence was whispering to cither side,
"Don't, give up the ship," and in con
sequence they have pitched their
tents right on deck and are there to
stay awhile. "It is not tho petty
offices," they cry, "it's the principle,"
and for the "principle." not the
"petty offices." please remember,
these conscript fathers have doomed
themselves to sit through the sultry
summer, mopping their bald heads
and wringing the perspiration out
of their grey beards, whilst the part
ners of their bosoms go oil for
lornly to the sea shore or the moun
tains, and tho hotels here become
"like banquet halls 'deserled," aud
tho Pout hurls anathemas at Ma-hone-Iiiddlcbargers,
and the Repub
lican dittos the anti-Mahouc-Kiddlc-bargers,
and the country follows
suit. If you are uot au old-fashioned
patriot with your country's
good at heart, and your anti
quated head full of nonsense about
peace, prosperity aud general wel
fare, the situation can not' tail to
"Traitors!" hiss the Democrats
over the Republicans. "Traitors! to
sell your party principles and your
country for the paltry vote of a little
witch of a ninety pound Itcad
"Would be tyrants!" cry tho Re
publicans on their side, "Shall a mi
nority dare to dictate terms! Shall
a miserable set of Bourbons insult
our protige our plucky little Ma
hone, and refuse to submit to our
overwhelming majority of . one?
"Bargains!" roar the Democrats.
"Revolutionists!" leply the Re
"Bargains!" still iu tones of imper
tubable obstinacy front the accusing
"FalsifiertLi ," and then some
body a little cooler than the rest
claps a hand over the Republican
mouth and tries to pour oil 011 the
seething waters; then there is an ad
journment, and at twelve next day
a reassembling and the same pro
gramme is gone over again. Now
and then some teuator with
less pluck or stubbornness in
his marrow than the rest pairs
with some one on the opposite
side, and hies him home about his
business, and in this way, very
slowly but very surely, the Seuate
is melting away, and here comes
in the prospect of a pretty dilemma.
No Democrat will, compromise his
dignity by pairing with Mr Mahone.
In consequence, as the senators, oue
by one pair and silently steal away,
M r. Mahone will presently find him
self the Alexander Selkirk of the
Senate chamber, and what a pleas
ant time he and the Vice President
will have glowering at each other
during dog days.
Yesterday, in the gcncrl melee,
Texas made herself heard. Much
apparent surprise was manifested
by every oneat the unaccustomed
sopnd; for Texas enjoys the unique
position of, the silent one in the
Seuate a kind of speechless Poly
hyinulaaslt were, with her linger
perpetually ou her closed lips or
uo I aiii mistaken, fche is more like
a drowsy Somtius (minus the sable
god's young beauty) nodding in in
attentive quiet, while the rest ol
the Union plays football with the
cciii.sliliitiou. But yesterday she
woke up with a sudden- and very
angry shake, aud completely amaz
ed us. She spoke in the rant
iug tones, aud raving gesticulation
which time aud fauiiliariiy have cu
dearcd to all of Senator Coke's con
stituents. Mr. Fry e, of Maine, had
ou I he previous day cast some iu
uiuiiatious on the free ballot aud
fair count" priuc'-ple in Texan poli
tics, mid our grisly senator si inled
battle from afar, like a gall.int war
horse,'' aud came out. of his'
comalosei condition long enough
to ' hurl back the ai-i tisation.
and .shout defiance into Ibe
lumber forests ami stiow fields ot
M:i:u; lrom the green praries aud
llowerv pine woods -of his own .-late,
thau which, -hu declared,. tin-re wits
uotif fairer or more free irider the
sun. His iuspiring U'.-li s were uch
that patriotic TcXniH in I he. -;il'ery
lotind it hard to refrain Intm giving
three cheers and ti tijrer .fur: Texas
aud Coke. ; ..,.,
Amuz ug things do not come sin-1
gly:any more than do jnil.n lunos.
W'ashiugtoti was cle-lrilied yerler
ilay morning ou opi ifuig its morn
ing Jlepublican lo. see published ;a '
long letter from Mrs. BHra A.
Lock wood, ''attorney anil solicitor."
to the President, 'offering her very
valuable services as Minister to
Brazil. She , condoles with the
President under the impression that
the" Bfaailiau mission is going
a ' begging, .: ahd ' true "to the
instincts of sex,o tiers to sacrifice her
self in the alter of duty aud become
a kind of second Iphegonln. She re
grets the shocking want of patriot
ism which made Senator Branch K.
Bruce, the colored gentleman from
Mississippi, decline to' go to the
Brazilian court to represent us, be
cause he knew only too well that the
colored brother has' such an un
savory odor in the-nostrils of his
majesty Pom Pedro, that a minister
of that shade would probably, be
ahowu the door of tlue imperial
Palace almoRt before he was wetiu
side of it. Every one is laughtug
over Mrs. Locktv'ood and her Bra
zilian mission, .but that lady is not
to be daunted by ridicule. ' '
Easter Monday was celebrated by
a grand charity ball at the .National
Theater for the benefit of the chil
dren's hospital. It was gotten up
after the style of the New Yorkers'
annual chairity ball, and the names
of all the chief society ladies in the
city were connected with it. How
ever, it proved a failure at leist fi
nancially, since so far from realizing
anything for . the poor. . little sick
babies there was a painfully large
deficit which will require at least
fifty dollars apiece from the com
mittee .to fill. , But what matter!
The elite went and had a delightful
time, and wore its white satin and
pearl passementerie and jaxquemi-
Tba Dead-Lark, the Texas
not rosea, and its claw-hammer and
boutounicre, and it danced " the
racquet and to salads and ices and
had a time too sweet "for, any thing,
and went home in the morning with
a horrible headache, and what else
could one ask! Surely one would
not be so vulgar as to grumble be
cause the homeless little sick ones
roll on pallets of pain just the same
as before T.
The Moon In lis Final Stair of Life.
Professor Proctor has been lectur
ing upon the moon. He said: ."The
moon is the one member of the sol u
system that has passed through i I
life. I have been in the habit of say
ing that there are five stages in everv
plauet's life, first, the vapory ; sec
ond, the ficrv; third mid-lite; 1 .111 (h.
oiu age; and nun, death. 1110 1 noi.i
would pass through some of these
iu a less degree than other planets.
It may be questioned whether a
body so small as the moon was ever
in a state of such intense heat as the
sun. It seems to me that the earlier
stages of the moon's life were bhort
er on account of its smaller mass.
In the fiery 6tago the moon would be
so hot that water could not rest upon
its surface, but would be raised up
in clouds. There is reason to believe
that every planet has passed through
that stage. The first stage of which
we now get evidence in the moon is
that of volcanic action. It must
have lasted a long time. Then came
the period of fitness for life. We
see certain ieatures which, if they
had prevailed in the past, would
have made her unfit for such life as
we have ou our earth. It is not true
that the moon revolves around the
earth. The earth and the moon cir
cle around each other, and the real
center around which both reyolve
is the sun. - The moon is distant
from the earth 238,818 iniies. It
would take an ordinary train of rail
way cars fifteen months to get there.
Her diameter is 2181 miles. That
gives her a surface by no means con
temptible. , It amounts to about 14,
000,000 square miles. Her volume is
one forty-ninth of that of the earth,
and her mass is oue eighty-first of it.
The force of gravity on the moon
is one-sixth of its force on the earth.
We would bo much more active
there. Men might be six times as
tall as we are upon the moon, and
still quite as active. Their weight
would be thirty-six times as great as
ours on the moon ; 011 the earth it
would be 216 times ns great, and they
would be crushed by their own
heaviness. The lunar day is a great
deal longer than ours.- The time
between sunrise and sunset is twenty-nine
and one-half of our days.
The moon's year of seasons equals
346 J of our days. The seasons are
much less marked, her axis being
much more upright than that of the
earth. At this present time, owing
to the length of the lunar day, the
moon would be totally unfit for any
such life as we know. In her day
she becomes intensely hot and in
her night intensely cold. Lord
Rosse, by means of his six foot re
flecting telescope and the thermo
pyle, was able to measure boththe
reflected heat of the moon and that
which she gives out by radiation.
He found that her surlace is 600 de
grees hotter at noon than at mid
night. It would be 250 degrees be
low zero at midnight, and at noon
250 degrees above, or 38 degrees
above the boiling point. No creat
ure could live at either time. There
may have been some kind of life
which we do not know. All evi
dences go to show that there is none
now. According to the theories of
gcplogy, the earth must now be
about 600,000,000 years old. The
moon probably reached her present
state in about 80,000,000 years. The
earth will probably not reach the
same condition as the moon in less
than another 500,000,000 years. We
therefore need not fear that there
will be no room for the lives of our
WIT AND WISDOM.
Sweet are tbe abuses of osculation.
A grasi widow is anything butgreen.
Victor Hugo : When love ia dead
there is no God.
Tbe carpenter aud tbe gambler are
both known by their chips. 1
Is it right for a temperance man to
accept a "cordial" invitation? -
As a general thing young ' lawyers
don't have many trying ttmei.
When it cornea to descending a ladder
the bravest of us generally back down.
Alexander Dumas: True love always
makes a man better, no matter who tie
woman Is wbo inspires it. '
George Sand: Strength with men is
insensibility, greatness is pride .and calm
ness is indifference.
Archbishop Whateley: Woman Is like
tbe reed which bends to every breeze, but
breaks not in tbe temptest,
John Buskin: Nothing- is done beau
tifully w hich is done iu rivaUhip, nor no
bly, which is done iu pride. I
T-MUe. de Scuderi: Love ia I do. not
know what; it comes from I do not know
where; it ends I do not, know how.
Henry George: Man in au animal;
but he is an animal plus something else,
lie is tbe mythic earth tree, whose roots
are in tbe grouud, but whose topmost
branches may blossom in tbe heavens.
' If a girl bag pretty teeth she laubs
often, if she's got a pretty loot sue'll wear
a abort dress, aud if she's got a u.it band
sbe'8 fond of a game of whixt; and if the
reverse, she dislikes all these small alfuirs.
The Tobacco Habit With Women, .
It is true that American women
largely use tobacco. In .fact, they
always have. Ahierican ladies "of
African descent in the South hayc
always smoked their pipes, and their
white sisters do not altogether dis
dain the pipe uud 'dipping.' But
here at the North many ladies have,
in imitation of Culiati, Mexican,
South American, Spanish," French,
and even English women, taken o
the use of cigarettes, to their vefy
great detriment. - ' 1
"Why more so than to men?
"I don't think inen arc often injur
ed by the moderate use of tobacco in
smoking. But the female hody is no
more adapted to the, use of tobacco
than the female mind is to. mathe
matics. It causes neuralgia, head
ache, dyspepsia, palpitation of the
heart, and, worst of nil, ruius tbe
complexion and disorders the teeth.
I say nothing about the health, but
1 think, nevertheless that all will
agree that the stale odor of tobacco
coming from a woman's mouth is
worse than the same smell exhaled
by a man. As to chewing in men
aud its analogue, vlipping, in wo
men, nothing can be filthier, and! I
know that both are productive of
diseases of the nervous system
"But, Doctor, does not smoking
cause diseases of the nervous system
in men as well as in women P" j
. "Certa nly it does, if indulged in
to excess. -Btifthen men'a nervous
system is not as impressionable as
women's, and hence aman can do'
mauy things withimpuniiy or even
benefit, impossible for a woumn-to
do wit liou great- risk. 'And hef Id its,
it docs not make much diffcrcuei? o
a man if his complexion is a , til lie
sallow, his eye lustreless, hLs body
shriveled up mid his .ski rough,
whereas these thing arc" very ii 11
portaut to a wouiau " '-"-
ul see you areau admirer of beauty
in women, doctor y ' '
Yes. It is the greatest gift a wo
man can have, for it not only means
aesthetic enjoyment lor' all who look
at her, but it meaus a healthy mind
and a healthy body ; and then -the
means necessary to preserve beanty
are the very ones necesiary to keep
the mind and body in sound health."
Dr1, Hammond in New York ller
ald. -t '"' : ' ' " u" : ' ;
. The young ladiei of New Vork
are becoming quite orientaL Thev.
dress in Eastern style, recline 'on
lounges and have pastilles burnlUg
around them on brazen dishes to
perfume the air,,,' They will prob
ably soon adopt the chibouque or
nargileh. " ' ': - -i ,
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- INSURANCE NOTICE.
' PirrARTMExV or ' 1
IHSt'RANI'E t-TATIfTICS ATM IllTORT,
Austiii, Tex., February HI, 1881. ' J
To all w hom it may concern i
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Uron Rtt alteratlv that tilot, awl I aa
xctiiieufc uifMMi r.riuer.
nOKADAUA 1 aold l-r an DrurrtaU.
DURNO'S CATARRH. SNUFF
enrr all form of Catarrh, old lu tho Ilead.
Iltuuliu In, oik! prprent Eronrtiill. Qiiinay-, and
Hore Tbrout, atrengthcnlng the gUuda aud nttnov.
lur all obetraotloua,
Hoit's Liver Pills.
THK GREAT VKGETABTJ5 CATHAltTIO
Dr. Rogers' .
Vegetable WORM SYRUP
Inrtaailjr dmtmy. WOHMrt, and remove the Sa-
:uetiuh wliicu caiiuc: thfm.
IV lor sale by all DrnggUts. " -J05LV
T. IITMIY & CO.,
mils rnorautroaa, , ;
14 (Villcsr Plan-, New York.
f.L!flui-1 an)wmw;i j i n i
i-i') fair.,.n w i rili'a. imimmmKmmmmmlmmJ
alar Beaa. flails. Poll TvU, .
i J Ipavla, ' raas.. BwUiaf
BWMay, Weaaaa, 1 Keaa.
fnliaV 1 rabna, '
TBX BEST OENXRJX I.TWIHZ7iX
la TJss tax tis 8tb!,
Alao, for.oravv-. Worm Jrt toclu
fm w4'tr. states w hi mm .
' SOk ULI IT nOBOSBaV ' " ' '
" ESTBAYED ' ''
BtJ. V. Lne. bofrv. At U ll.'.k- t
T. 0., Deceiubur 18,1ml, a yoke of ouu, one a
bine ox, marked overalope In Mffhl unr, lin
crop aud spilt la I ft ear, no brand. Tiie other.
ana or. tr.p as plit In right e.randcrou
and overaalfcropln left ear, branded oii rluUt
hip a Hpanlth br.nd, .boat 18 or 14 veers' bid
ap Drained at HO. ' w
apfwatt t AAfiK BROW'S, Ork 0. 0. T. C.
i i i
i -,ti . . . itxil't t.vCl I V.Jh.
. - '. i-r.p yj.,tv.f ton.
K-mii!. 0ui S0.2l?r 'i-Ltui - Jl ?
ll .u '.iv- r