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AUSTIX. .... TEXAS.
TIIUSRDAY APR. 12. 1883
Prince Bismarck i sixty-nine
Tiie legislature continues to aUl
laurels to its crown.
The twin relics of Keuublicantem
are monopoly and protective tar i IT.
The State Medical association will
meet at Tyler on the fourth Tuesday
of the present month.
An order, will soon be issued for
bidding the use of intoxicating liquors
by all employes on the Gould roads.
The crop prospect in Europe is any
thing but encouraging. Cniiu has
been seriously injured by the severe
Two-tuikds of the army are
quartered in eastern states and cities.
Would it not bo well to send them to
the Apache country?
A war of extcrmiuatiuu should be
waged agiiinht the Apaches. They
have been the terror of the whites of
Arizona for twenty years.
JIelow Little ltock, Arkansas, they
have been figuring out the profits of
strawberry raising, and lind the aver
age net proceeds per acre to be $154.
The archbishop of Chicago has
come out with a powerful appeal to
the Roman Catholic people to sustan
ih mnvmprit for hiirh Honor licen.se.
The demand for cati 1 to establish
aw runAint him ltii :i.nil is flow KO
.A ll. ... 1. I J.-f . I. .. ....4 I I. .1.1...
for this season will be the Miiallcst
that has been for years.
The Lampasas Daily tJlobe is a
very promising looking little paper.
It is carefully conducted, and its me
chanical execution is elegant. It
should bo well sustained.
And now it is said a fashionable
Avenue milliner consults her custo
mers as to which side of the church
they occupy so as to trim their hats
for the lM-nelil of the congregation.
furciiiiians have ..ecu eating so
much outs that they now want to go
prancing over into the Argentine
states ami down into Patogonia
among thepetigiiinst.nd the cannibals.
The end or the legislative session
aiiprouches, and the anxious member
is doomed to see'their fond hopes de
cay .Many bills will bo buried away
last lu-cf ptetl the titty thousand dol
lars givertvit on certain condition.'".
The trustees' Voted thirteen to one on
the proposition, lSob Toombs voting
In the negative. "
The propriety of capital punish
ment la being agitated in many of the
states. The most serious question at
issue Is how to correct mistakes after
a fellow has been judicially disposed
of at the end of a rope.
What has become of Mr. Barry's
proposition to enlarge the Deaf4 Mute
Hanger, so as to make it a stock jour
nal and medium of publishing the
iaSof the state? May be Mr
Barry it will keep till next session.
Primus Jones, of Baker county,
Georgia, the man who grows the first
bale of cotton every year in his state,
planted 100 acres in cotton on Febru
ary 14. He is reported as having a
' tine stand, and his hope is that this
year he w ill send a bale to market be
fore any cotton grower in Texas.
The Dominion parliament is
wrestling with the Chinese immigra
tion question in the form of a resolu
tion favoring a restriction. There
are some 14,000 Chinese already in
British Columbia, working on and
along the lines of the railways. There
is no disposition to turn out those
now in British Columbia, but the aim
in Ottawa is to sh;U down the gates
on more importation.
- - - - -
The two colored members of the
house, Moore of Washington, and
Wyatt, of Waller, receive much kind
consideration from their co-members.
They have conducted themselves in a
most circumspect manner, and have
nearly always been on the side of con
servative legislation. When the pen
itentiary measure was before the
house they fought for the state, and
this fact alone commends them to the
consideration of a grateful people.
The passage of the university bill
on Saturday in the house was accepted
by the Statesman as its virtual pass
ge by the legislature. The senate
had passed the bill appropriating the
- .million acres of land for the univer
sity several weeks ago, and the house
Lill providing for the same appropri
ation, it was known, would be imme
diately approved by the senate. The
state should at once have these lands
surveyed and set aside for their uses.
Aitokdixq to a decision of a Xew
York judge, property purchased by a
soldier with his pension money is ex-v--mpt
from execution for debts. The
"uision was given in a case where a
soldier had transferred rail estate so
purchased, believing it would be
taken from him on execution, the
consideration being that he should be
entitled to maintenance during life.
The validity of the transfer was
questioned, and the judge pronounced
this fraudulent, but at the same time
decided that the land was exempt
from the claims of the creditors in
terested in showing the bogus trans
The temperance movement is
weaker now than it has been for
many years. The fact is attributable
to two reasons, one that statutes,
while not what one termed prohibi
tory, have ben generally adopted im
posing both heavy penalties and cost
ly licenses, and ItecauW the temper
ance agitators have so disagreed
among themselves as to be able to
presert no Julio ite plan of action.
Then, too, it is apparent that mast of
this agitation is t h political nature.
Those who rcscrt to it are simply
crazy for the loaves and li-shes that
are dealt out at the public table, and,
could they ju3t take their seats at t!ie
loan), miracles would work ba.-k-wr's,
not two loaves and two
i'.hes would be required to feed the
l.utry ui. but two of these hun
icry l'l-lltiws would readily get away
v i'.h tea thousand loaves and as many
T It ACT.
OF A CON-
In 18152 a bill was passed by congress
setting aside t,GU0,0u0 ai res of the
public lands for the lenefit of col
leges, to be established in the various
states for agricultural and mechanical
education. This land was apportion
ed among the states according to their
representation in congress, the grant
amounting to 30,000 acres for each
representative. Most of the states,
instead of taking the lands, accepted
government scrip. The original pro
cceds of this gift of the government
amounted to $8,050,205. This has
been further increased by govern
ment endowment until the fund now
amounts to $11,601,765. The funds
have been differently used by differ
ent states. It appears that the obli
gation of the grant has not been com
plied with in every particular in many
of the states, for while some have
established industrial schools, others
have applied their quota to question
able ends. In several of the southern
states, the fund applied has not been
sulliclent to meet the emergencies in
cident to establishing schools, and
some of these states, among them
Texas, has, besides the money derived
from thi federal government, added
to the fund. The money given to
Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Ohio
mid some of the other northern states
was suflicicnt within itself to estab
lish the schools, and there is in these
states no community of interest in
establishment. Colored pupils are re
ceived in the schools of Virginia,
tieorgia, Mississippi and South Caro
lina, while iu Texas there is a sort of
abnormal brauch of the state's so
called industrial college, there being
but little, if any, agricultural educa
tion in the one and less in
the other. The colored branch of the
sc-ealled agricultural and mechan
ical college is really a normal school,
while the parent school for whites
has been kept up as a place for teach
ing, free of charge, the boys of a gen
try, in no wise engiiged in agriculture
or mechanics, and never contempla
ting such occupation. It is true, how
ever, the Statesman believes, that
no part of the federal donation wns
used to establish or to keep in oicra
tioii the colored school. But what it
is proposed to refer to in this article
v;iH the inellicieney of the college at
liryaii as an ttlucalion.d institution
for acquiring a knowledge cf such
industrial matters. For many years
we have contended for the
strict execution of the purposes
for which this institution was estab
lished, and yet it fails,
and Iron, all indications, it will be
made to fail to meet them. If this so
called agricultural and Mechanical
college remaiu :is It is, then the sug
gestion that it lie converted into an
insane asylum for the colontl people
of the state is not bad.
Yesterday Senator Fleming in
troduced a bill in the senate, which
was referred to committee, for the
creation of a new county, to be known
as Toyah, carved out of the north por
tion of Pecos county. Pecos has an
area of nine thousand square miles,
and it is proposed to give Toyah two
thousand of these. The Texas and
Pacific railway runs through the
northern portion of Pecos county, and
the town of Toyah is destined at no
distant day to become a place of great
business importance. The railway
company will soon erect extensive
stock yards there, and as a shipping
point Toyah must become the most
noted on the line of the road. Two
months ago the company's artesian
well project there culminated in secu
ring a tremendous- tlow of water.
The water is mineral warm sulphur
is pronounced by scientific men
as equal, if not superior, as a curative
agency to that of the celebrated Hot
Springs, of Arkansas, and it is confi
dently anticipated that Toyah must
become a great health resort. The
section is rapidly developing, and the
demand for efficient county organiza
tion is imperative. Toyah is seventy
Aye miles from Fort Stockton, the
county seat of Pecos county, and the
peace officers declare their inability to
do their duty to the distant section,
and join in the movement for a new
county, as a simple matter of both
justice and right. Dr. W. It. Itobin.
son, of Toyah, is here urging for his
people the passage of the bill. Cer
tainly the legislature will not hesitate
to'do a thing, apparently so necessary,
as the creation of this new county.
The Statesman trusts the pro
posed amendments to the city charter
will be passed by the house without
further delay. Most of the changes
contemplated are evidently in the di
Txtion of economy and honest gov
ernment, and are therefore in the in
terest of the tax payer. It would, in
our judgment, be detrimental to the
interests of Austin for the legislature
to adjourn without giving the citizens
the opportunity for a good municipal
government, which is sought to be se
cured by these amendments. Asser
tion is not argument, and experience
alone can test the wisdom of any of
the proposed changes. All agree that
many of them are very desirable, and
if after a two years trial, it shall ap
pear that any one of the two or three
features about which there is now
some differences of opinion, could be
amended or changed for the better,
the change can then be easily effected.
The amended charter will be so much
better than the present one, we cer
tainly can stand for one or two years
one or two mistakes, if experience
shall prove . them to be mistakes.
Therefore, it is repeated, let the
amendments pass just as they have
been reported from the committee.
We believe the great body of tax
payers desire their passage, and that
all others will readily acquiesce in
giving them a fair triaL
In matters of government, the
legislature is the only active depart
ment. Were it not for the activity of
the sub-executive departments in
routine affairs, the executive branch
would be a decomposing corpse.
Two handsome gold medals are to
he presented to lr. J. D. Martin and
Capt Joseph 1. White, members of
the Sav:innah ritle association, who at
the public contest made scores of rive
consecutive bull's eyes at 200 yards.
The reverse of the medals show a
miniatuw enameled target with the
score, presented by the association to
Mr. John W. Entmcrt, employed by
t'le bureau of ethnology of the Smith
sonian Institution at Washington, has
lately-explored a mound at Bristol,
feun, and secured some interesting
and valuable Indian relies. Among
other things in the mound was found
the skeleton of a gigantic Indi;in.
LETTER FK0.H NEW YORK.
The Xew Fnltou Market The Fish
Show Peter Cooper's Death Mr.
Beecher on Faith Xew York New
Compiled by Tramp.
From Our Special Correioudeut.J
New York, April 5. 1883.
At hist the new Fulton market has
been completed and three days ago it
was thrown open to the public. It
occupies one block and, therefore,
fronts on four streets. It is a hand
some brick building, elegantly furn
iahed ana artistically arranged. The
stores, stalls and dining halls are
models of neatness and architt ctural
beauty. Each stall or store is sup
plied with an office or store-room just
overhead, and all the arrangements of
the interior of the building are varied
as to design, which makes a walk
through the market all the
more interesting. On the Beek
man street side are the iish
stalls; the butchers monopolize
nearly all of the front street side and
a considerable portion of the center;
on the Fulton street side is the farm
and dairy produce, and on the South
street side is the fruit and poultry,
while in the center is a combined as
sortment of everything, including two
elegant eating establishments. There
were no formal ceremonies at the
opening, yet the place was crowded
with visitors the greater part of the
day, numy prominent citizens and
your correspondent being among the
number. Many of the stalls were
beautifully dressed with (lowers The
dhplay of live Iish was large and in
teresting. 1 saw trout, salmon and
bass in abundance; rainbow trout,
German carp and brook trout from
Connecticut, lihodo Island, New Jer
sey, Wisconsin, Oregon, Ireland and
Canada. Big turtles lying on their
backs, the reptiles axotoll, which are
eaten in Mexico, and mermaids were
on exhibition, a gold fish and common
Iish, eels and frogs in the greatest pro
fusion. The Dolly Vardeu trout
from California and a pair of rainbow
tiytit "took the cako" lor beauty. The
land-locked salmon, German brook
trout and carp attracted attention.
Many tish gamboled gracefully about
in large glass globes, supplied with
submerged electric lights, which
made their gay colors couie out in
full relief. Th fish show was lirst
class, even equal to the best dog, cat
or babv show ever seen in New York.
New York is great on shows, you
Died of pneumonia at his residence on
Lexington avenue, this city, yestei
day morning, and during the day
llags were at half mast, in respect to
his memory, lie was born in this
city ninety-two years ago. lie was
named after the apostle Peter,
and comes from a family distinguish
ed for their uiiwaveriug devotion to
tin cause of American independence.
In his boyhood he learned to be both
a hatter and a inachinest, and became
a manufacturer, a merchant and a
philanthropist. He built and present
ed to Mew York the Cooper institute,
which cost $71)0.01)0. an institute de
Voted to free education in the arts
aud sciences. In 18"t) Mr. Ooojier w;is
urged to liecumu a candidate for pres
ident, but ffi'gruphed to the Indian
awhs convention: "My age admon
ishes me to say no." The funeral will
take'place on Saturday next at 10::)
;t. m. The services over the IhhIv
will be read at the Church of All
Souls, Twenty-ninth, street and
Fourth Avenue by the Bev. Dr.
Robert Collver, assisted by
Dr. Howard Crosby, the former a
ruitariaii and the latter a Presbyte
rian. The pall-bearers will be Wilson G.
Hunt, John T. Agnew, W. II. Apple
ton, A. A. Low, John E. Parstms,
Cvrus W. Field, II. M. Shiefteliu.
Judge C. P. Didy, ex-secretary ot
state, Hamilton Fish, the Hon. Jack
son S. Schultz, Postmaster Henry L.
Pearson anil General Alexander S.
Webb. 'The funeral will be as private
as possible, although deputations will
attend from nearly all the learned and
charitable societies, and from the sev
eral exchanges. After the services in
the church the body will be taken for
interment to Greenwood cemetery,
there to lie laid in ttie same resting
place as his wife.
NEW YORK NEWS ITEMS.
The Hudson river is free of ice at
last, and steamboat navigation has
been resumed. With the opening of
navigation here at the north comes
Gen. Hancock was visited at Gov
ernor's Island on the 2a instant by
ex-President Diaz, who was accom
panied by Gen. Frisbie and Gens.
Romero suid Pacheco.
The Manhattan Beach hotel opens
May 30 and the Oriental on June 15.
The. Brighton, under Charles S. Le
land, will commence business with
the first warm sunshine.
Dr. Newman made an eloquent ap
peal last Sunday evening on behalf of
the supremacy of Christ as a religious
teacher, and in the course of his re
buke to one whom he called an atheis
The New York Sun says the true
aid only platform for the Democrar
cy in 1884 is; 1. A tariff for revenue
only. 2. The tariff the only source of
revenue. The Sun has been a Demo
cratic paper five or six years and
hence should be allowed its say.
Brooklyn real estate men are rub
bing their hands with.invisible cur
rency in anticipation of the inilux of
house hunters who are to cross the
long bridge when it is declared open
next month. The bridge, it is thought,
will help Brooklyn more than it will
A JUBILEE OF THE SPIRITUALISTS.
A three-days' jubilee, in celebration
of the thirty-fifth anniversary of spir
itualism, was closed last evening in
the church of the New Spiritual Dis-
fiensation in Clinton Avenue, Brook
yn. The New York spiritualists
held a celebration in Republican hall
last evening. Mr. Henry Kliddle,
formerly superintendent of public
schools, was one of the speakers.
THE PROGRESS OK TEMPERANCE.
The advocates of temperance in this
city are doing their work slowly, but
surely and steadily. An evil that has
existed since the Hood, and has be
come almost a part of the great hu
man economy is not to be eradicated
in a day. The cure mujt be cumula
tive, tonic and alterative, and the
only way to bring this about is by
steady perseverance and constant ap
peals to human wisdom and the moral
oense. At meetings in Cooper Union
Sunday and elsewhere many stirring
addresses were made by eloquent
NEWSPAPERS AND LOOSE TIIINGS.
The Rev. Dr. John Hall lectured to
the members of the Central Young
Men's Christian association in their
hall at Eighty-sixth street and Third
A enue last evening on The Perils
of Citv Life." In the course of his ad
dress Dr. Hall said that one peril was
loose thinking about great realities,
lie was tempted to ascribe this to the
newspapers, because they report only
what is new. Accordingly, the cler
gymen who tell what is 1800 years
old are not reported; but let some
body tell what is new, what was born
in his brain yesterday, and it is re
ported at great length. Every news
paper in the land chronicled the dis
covery of Mr. Minn of Chicago a city
so fruitful in intellectual develop
ment that there was no tlod, while
the contemporary utterances of at
least 50,000 clergymen in the rest
of the country found no printer.
Thinking produced by such influences
as these is loose thinking.
BEARING PLYMOUTH CHURCH.
The lears of Plymouth church ap
pear just now to have matters all
their own way. Mr. Beecher is nat
urally a bull, but he does not seem
able, with all his power, to give the
church market an upward tendency.
At the last sale of pews there was a
falling off of nearly $3000 in the rents,
and a still heavier decline is antici
pated at the next auction. The con
sequence is that reductions in the ex
penses have become necessary,
and th music undergoes the first
Eruning. Mr. Camp, the leader,
as to retire. Mr. Henry Carter, the
organist, must be replaced by a cheap
er performer. Miss Douglas, the so
prano; Mrs. Norman, the contralto;
Mr. Werrenrath, the tenor, and Mr.
Chapin.the baso.all of w hom received
salaries, have to be dispensed with,
and in future the music is to be sup
plied by a volunteer choir. This will
lie a severe trial for the congregation,
who have taken great delight in the
Plymouth organ-Toft. But after alL
people go to church or ought to go to
church to pray and not to listen to
good playing and singing.
PICTURES OF SUN SPOTS.
The American astronomical socie
ty discussed last evening at Packer
institute, Brooklyn, thesubject of sun
spots and their connection with mag
netic storms and the weather. Mr. S.
V. White presided. Mr. G. P. Serviss.
with the aid of a stereopticon, showed
pictures made by himself of the sun
spots of November last, which were
the harbinger of the greatest mag
netic storm of the century. One spot
was iiO.OOO miles long and 40,000 miles
broad. The Atlantic cable and all of
the telegraph lines the world over
Another maximum sun spot ob
served at the time the comet was in
perihelion last fall was also exhibited.
It was very large, with a- very black
center, and many astronomers de
clared it was caused by the comet's
contact with the sun's photosphere.
Mr. Serviss said that there is no doubt
that the sun spots have an intimate
connection with the production of the
aurora borealis, but it is not yet dem
onstrated that they cause changes of
Prof. II. M. Parkhurst, Mr. S. V.l
White and Prof. W. L. Stevens spoke
on the subject of sun spots. Wiggins'
was laughed at and denounded as a
fraud by all of the astronomers pres
ent. On Top.
Score one for the Statesman. It
is now on top, and Gov. Ireland need
not get mad about it, as it will not
help his cause.
Hard on Rutabaga.
Hlaek Waxey (Collin County). J
The refusal of the house to endorse
the lease, we believe, meets the hearty
approval of a good majority of the
people of Collin county.
Clone Up the Fluuie.
The Democracy of Texas, says the
Graubery Vidette, appears to have
gone from one extreme to the other
with remarkable rapidity. The new
executive is losing popularity with
the press and the legislature.
One Eye on the Treasurer.
limestone New Era.
The ltonded debt of Texas has al
reiulv co.st the state about one million
dollars over and above the amount of
interest and the prkV the bonds sold
for. Such finaiu-icrijig would ruin
any corporation under the sun.
W. T. Ai mistead, our representa
tive, we want it distinctly understood,
has had more character ;t'.:d fame
than any member of the legislature
now iu session, and has l;en more ex
tensively talked about by the news
papers of the country.
ITs That kill Him.
I Fort Worth lluzetle. I
If John Ireland will preserve his
equilibrium, keep his temper un
rullled, divest himself of all personal
feeling and prejudice and devote his
time and talents to the interests of
the state, he will make a record and a
reputation such as no other governor
of Texas has enjoyed.
Among the hammering speeches
which drove the nails in the coffin of
the penitentiary lease none hit harder
and did more elf ective work than that
of Hon. John II. Cochran, of Dallas
county. lie is not the handsomest
man in the state, but he can lay up as
close to a subject and keep it as warm
as any man in all this portion of the
According to Calibre.
r Dallas Tinies.l
The newspape man in the north
seems to stand better with the public
man than does his brother with such
great men of the south as Turnip
Johnson, of Collin, president Arthur
and a few choice spirits started to
Florida yesterday, and were accom
panied by reporters of all the leading
papers. Johnson wouldn't allow a
newspaper man to ride on the same
street car with him if he could help it.
When we remember that two of the
members of this board indulged in the
highfaluten practice of paying $1.40
tor Texas bonds, we are not surprised
at the terms of these leases. Gov.
Roberts had a peculiar penchant for
accumulating a heavy cash balance,
but he did not in all of his public acts
display the financial ability of a
Rothschild or an Astor. We are
pleased to state that Mr. Harris, in
the senate, and Messrs. Pendleton and
Cramer, in the house, voted against
the ratification of these leases.
NoVCrowing About It.
The penitentiary lease business was
killed by the legislature, which the
Star Vindicator is pleased at, though,
like the Statesman, it doesn't "crow
over the victory." Those who favored
the lease were no doubt as honest as
they who opposed it, consequently
their feelings should be respected in
the hour of disappointment. One
side or the other bad to lose, and had
it been us we no doubt would have
felt sore had the winners indulged in
any undue exultations, and in keeping
quiet about it we only act ' toward
them as we would under like circum
stances have them act toward us.
Not All that Might be, But
The newspapers and the newspaper
men have not been popular with the
legislators this session, and the air
clawers of the legislature have not
been sparing in their charges against
the press. Probably editors are not
all they should be, but we will be ex
cused for believing that they will
compare favorably with any man
whose life is devoted to trying to get
office, and thinks he has arrived at
the summit of greatness when he is
allowed to say "Mr. Speaker." Two
thirds of those who are so severe on
the press are not sufficiently intelli
gent to be deputy constables in a
The Untranieled Press.
TheSTATESMAN.the Democratic pa
per in Austin,Texas, in support of the
rights of the people, has been forced
to assail Gov. Ireland and his sup
porters. The house of representatives
sustains the Statesman by a large
majority. That is proof that no ex
ecutive collar encircles the neccks of
the majority. And it is proof, also,
that the independence of the press is
well illustrated by the bold and fear
less action of the Statesman against
the frowns of the powers that be.
There are a few demagogues, pos
sessed of brass and gas, in the inter
est of the governor, who have essayed
to strike the paper and its editor
down. That dodge won't win.
A Little Elbow Room Left.
Texas has 226 counties. Of these
iifty-four are unorganized. The
largest county, is Presidio, with an
area of 12,855 square miles, and the
smallest is RockwalL which has 150
si m are "miles of area. Somervell con
tains UK square miles. Tom Green
is close on the heels of Presidio, with
12,57V square miles. Pecos has an
area of 11.37'J square miles, Crockett
10,020 and El Paso 8188. Either of
these large counties would make a
respectable state up about New Eng.
land. Tom Green would make eigh
teen counties the size of Johnson, and
if as thickly settled, would have a
population of 400,01)0 souls. Such
facts as these demonstrate that Texas
yet has plenty of elbow room.
HON. C.R. GIBSON'S SUBSTITUTE
A bill to le entitled An act to further provide
l r the regulation of railroad and transporta
tion line in the state ol Texas, and to pro
tide (or the rreatiou of the oilier of
and appointment of a Mate engineer
and his secretary, and their salaries aud du-tii-s:
to prevent unjust discriminations and
extortions in the rates eharged for transpor
tation of freight and passengers in this state,
and to presenile a mode of procedure in rela
Section 1 . Be it enacted by the legislature of
tile state of Texas, That the governor shall ap
point, hy and with the consent of the senate,
an engineer experienced in the construction
and maintenance of railways, who shall he
slate engineer, who sliall hold liis cilice for
two years, or until his successor is qualified.
In it shall lie suhject to removal by the governor
at any time. In case of removal the governor
may apioint a successor until the meeting of
the next legislature, when said appointment
shall he submitted to the senate for approval.
tiec. 2. The state engineer shall restve an
annual salary of three thousand dollars. In
travelling uihiii the line of any railway in this
Mate, in tiie discliargeot bin duties, he shall
also be entitled to charge for the actual
amount paid out for railway fare and traveling
expenses, iu no case to exceed four dollars per
day in excess of railway fare paid ; and should
any railway company voluntarily provide said
slaty engineer with free transportation over
its line, he shall be authorized to accept the
same hi behalf of the stale, and shall not
charge the state the amount which would oth
erwise be paid for such transnirtation. lie
shall, in bis i-eHrt, state the amount paid by
him for transportation on each railway line in
Uie state, also what railway lines have pro
Mdcd him with free transiioiialiou.
Sec. The olhce of the state engineer shall
he iu Dm canitol building in the city of Austin,
in rooms to be designated by the secretaiy of
state. There shall be allowed the state engi
neer for oftice f uriiiliire, stationery, postage,
and other olhce excuses, one thousand dol
lars K-rauuum. The state engineer shall em
ploy a secretary, who shall be a competent
drattsman, and perform such duties as may
be required by the state engineer. These cre-lai-y
of the state engineer snail receive a sala
ry of fifteen hundred dollars per annum. The
salarv of I lie stale engineer and his secretary
shall he oaid monthly from the slate treasury.
A!' vouchers for traveling and otlice expenses
ol the state engineer ami his secretary, sliall
i e paid umhi certified vouchers approved by
Sec. 4. licfore entering upon the duties of
his ofliee, the state engineer and his secretary
c u ll shall subscribe lo the following oath, iu
addition to the usual oatli of otlice: "Aud I
do further swear (or allirm) thai I am not con
nected, ollieially or otherwise, with any rail
road company or transKrtatinii line, cither
within or outside of this state, and thai lam
not a stockholder, or iu any manner interested
iu any railroad company or t rausiortatiou
line whatever, so help me (iod."
See. a. The stale engineer shall perform
such duties as are now, or may hereafter be
prescribed by law, and shall twice each year,
and at such other times as he may deem it
necessary, carefully insieet the railroads iu
this state, and keep himself informed of the
condition of the same, and manner in which
they are oierated, with the siecial reference
to the safety and prop-r accommodation of
.lie public, wliich inspection shall include the
condition of road bed, track and bridges;
character and condition of cars, station houses,
plat forms and other facilities incident to traus
(Mirtatiou business. Should such inspection
indicate a non-com pliauce with the law on the
part of any railroad, such uon-couipliauee
shall be presented in proper and otlicial form
to the attorney general, wiio shall proceed to
investigate and enforce penalty for dereliction,
according to existing statutes, or as hereinaf
Sec. 6. The engineer shall, on the first day
of December ot each year, make a rep-irt to
the governor of all matters pertaining to his
otlice, and especially report iikiii the inspec
tion of all the railroads in the stale, and he
shall incorporate iu said reiiort any sugges
tions be may have to make in regard to
changes in existing laws connected with the
management and control of railroads in this
stale, lie sliall also, whenever required by
the governor, tuake a secial report of the iu
seclion authorized aud required under tins
act oi anv ranroau in cms siaie.
"That the said emda.wit iihiiWfrT!a7irliia
frehi'it classification and schedule of reason
;;Me maximum rates for freight transporta
tion for each of the railroads oik-rated in this
state, and copies of I he same Miall be furnish
ed to the members of the nineteenth legisla
ture thirty days before the meeting ol Un
Sec. i. lie it further enacted. That charges
for Iruusportatioii on each ciass or kind of
freight, moving iu the same direction, sliall be
iiiiilorin, and any unjust discrimination in the
rales or charges for the Iransiiortalion of air
freight made against any iersi.u or place on
any railroad operated iu this stale, is declared
to be unlawful. If any railroad corixmilioii
shall wilfully charge, collect or receive from
any person, or persons for the transHirtuliou
of any freight upon its railroad, a hither or
greater rate of toll or compensation than it
shall charge, collect or receive from any other
person or H-rsous, for the lransMirlation of
ihe like quantity of freight of the same class,
being transported from the same point iu the
same direction, over equal distances of the
same railroad, or if it shall charge,
collect or receive fnn any person, or
persons, lor the use aud transportation of any
railroad car or cars upon its railroad, a higher
or greater sum than it sliall charge, collect or
receive from any other person, or persons, for
the use or transportation of a car, or cars, of
the samectuss lor a like purpose, from the
same iwiiit in the same direct ion, and an equal
distance; o if any railroad company shall
charge more 'for transporting fieight of the
same class, in equal or less quantities over its
road, fur I lie same or a iess distance, than it
charges auother for the same or a greater dis
tance, all sueli discriminating rates, charges
or collections, whether made direcily or liy
means of any rebate, or other shift or evasion,
sliall be considered and taken as prima facie
evidence of extortion and unjust discrimina
tion, which is hereby prohibited and declared
unlawful, and any railroad company or com
panies, for such violation of law, shall forfeit
and pay to the person, or persons, injured
thereby the sum of live hundred dollars, to be
ri-covered before any court having jurisdiction
of the amount, in any county through or into
which the freight may have been transported.
irMiisnni. jjrirar iiexi legislature a compieie
livery railroad company or corporation do
lug business in this state shall hereafter be re
quired to keep posted at a conspicuous place
at all depots, a printed or written schedule of
its freight charges from its principal otlice or
Iilace of business to all depots oil Its line or
ines of road within this state.
Such schedule shall stiecify the different
classes or kinds of freight, with an enumera
tion of the articles belonging to each class per
carload, and the charge for each class per
hundred iounds iu quantities less than car
loads. It shall be unlawful for any railroad
company to change such freight tariffs without
giving live days notice to the public iu the
manner above required, and it shall be the
duty of every railroad company iu this state to
furnish its station agents with the written or
printed notices herein mentioned, at least five
days before any changes are to take effect.
Any railroad company violating any of the
provisions of this act sliall, for every five days
It neglects to furnish the notices herein re
quired to any of its station agents, forfeit the
sum of five hundred dollars' to the county in
w hich the depot is situated, to lie recovered in
any court having competent jurisdiction, said
amount, when recovered, to lie used for road
and bridge purposes.
It shall be the duty of every station agent of
the railroads of this state, upon being fur
nished with the printed or written notices
mentioned in the foregoing, to post the same
iu some conspicuous pi ce in his depot budd
ings, aud keep them posted until the changes
imposed take effect. Any station agent fail
ug or refusing to post up said notices within
two days aftei the sam shall have been
furnished him, or failing to keep the same
p sted, as herein required, sliall be deemed
guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction
of tin- same before any court having proier
jurisdiction, shall be lined not less than
twenty-live dollars aud not more than one
hundred dollars. The road of such cumpany
shall include all the road iu use by such com
pany, w hether ow lied or operated under con
trol or lease.
11-ovided, that nothing herein contained
shall be construed to repeal article of the
revised civil statutes, prescribing maximum
rates and prohibiting discriminations.
See. 8. Where railroads, within this state,
receive goods for trausortatioii into their
warehouses or dejiots. they shall forward
them in the order iu which they are received;
the first received to lie the lirst forwarded,
without giving the preference to one another;
and iu case a failure to do so they shall be
liable for all loss occurring while the goods
remain, and for all damage occasioned
or. in any wise resulting from de
lay; provided, that the trip or voyage shall
lie considered as having; commenced from the
time of the signing oi bill of lading, and as
having ended upon the arrival of freight at
point of destination, and written notice served
uihiii the consignee that it is ready for deliv
ery upon payment of freight and charges. It
is further provided that should the consignee
of the goods fail to receive them promptly, af
ter such notice is served, the liability ol the
railroads thereafter shall be the same as that
Ser. 9. The passenger fare upon all railroads
in this state sliall be three cents per mile, with
an allowance of baggage to each passenger,
not to exceed one hundred pounds In weight ;
provided, however, that where the fat e is paid
to the couductor the rate shall be lour cents
per mile, except from stations where no tick
ets are sold, and that the minimum charge in
no case shall be less than twenty-five cents ;
and provided, further, that when thepasseu
ger fare does not end in five or naught, the
nearest sum so ending shall be the fare,.
" Provided further, that In no case shall
children under teu years of age be charged a
higher rate of fare than two cents per mile:
provided, further, railroads shah be required
to keep their ticket offices opeu for Half an
hour prior to the departure of trains.and upon
failure to do so, they shall not charge more
than three cents pere mile.
Sec. 10. That direct and prompt remedies
may be had. and penalties enforced iu case ot
violation of any laws herein named, it is made
the special duty of the attorney general,
whenever information is filed with him by the
state engineer, or anv other iersoiis, that any
railroad company in this state lias violated
any provision of the laws of this state, provid
ing for the transportat on of passengers or
freight or is unjustly discriminating iu its
charges for transiMirtaliou a -aiust any jierson
or place iu the state, or is guilty of extortion
iu its charges for traiisixirtation of passengers
and freight, or for impniier condition of road
lied, track, bridues, or otli r structures, cars,
station-houses, or platforms, to give ten days'
notice in writing to said corporation of said
complaint, and after an investigation of the
matter he shall proceed to determine whether
the matters complained of are violations of
the law, and shall give not ice to said company
of his decision rcset-tiiig the same; and if
any such violation of the law is continued after
the railroad company is so not Hied, or if the
actual damage Is not paid to the party ag
grieved, within ten days after such notifica
tion, he shall cause proceedings to lie insti
tuted against said railroad company, or com
panies, to recover the penalties provided by
"l'rovided, that nothing herein contained
shall be construed to prevent any citizen of
this state from bringing suit hi his own name
against any railroad or transportation com
pany for discrimination iu freight or passenger
l'rovided, further, that the penalties pre
scribed by law for any overcharge shall uot be
recoverable, unless the party aggrieved shall
give notice thereof, in writing, to the railway
company, or to the agent, demanding or re
ceiMiig the same, and said company shall fail
wlthiu tenty days thereafter, to refund to
such party aggrieved the amount of such over
Sec 11. The near approach of the close of
the session, and the importance of a law reg
ulating the management and control of rail
roads in this state, creates art iunierative pub
lic necessity and emergency that the constitu
tional nile requiring bills to be read on three
several days should be suspended, and that
this act take effect and be iu force from aud
alter its passage, and it is so enacted.
LP CAM NTELLI G EN C E.
The Sam Up.
Cn the part of the members of the lee.
lsiaiure wuo inireuuuea ana endotstd
the resolution creating this committee
there setms to have been a mls&ppehen-
sion a to ine cnarges made by Texas
Sittings, and the truth i f wbieb is the
subject of your investigation.
It has been claimed that one of the
charges m Ue was that the votes ot mem
bers bad been "bought by gold." The
clause In the article reads:
rnluk of all this, aud tell us what
should be done to the law-makers who
bought by gold, will vote to turn 'J00Q of
their telio A-cteatures over to the merci
less bands of men whose pecuniary In
tertsu wil prompt them in the future to
treat them as they Lave treated them In
the pastr How shall we tpeak of the
legislators who will commit such an lnla.
mous outrage on justiee, humanity and
The question here is, "What should be
done with men who, bought by cold, will
At the t;nio the article was written, a
vote on tue penitentiary lease bad not
been takuju. We spoke of something that
might take place at a future time some
thing, that we believed possibly would
take place it rublic sentiment was not
aroused, and weak members were not de
terred from allowing themselves to be
brought under the influence of a power
ful and rich lobby. There is no charge
contained in that clause, hut we did
charge that, "aided by their bank ac
toiiut," the lessees Influenced the mem
bers of the legislature. We now reiter
ate this charge a charge that we claim to
have proved by sworn testimony, given
by reliable witnesses bcloie this commit
tee. Before the article containing this charge
was written, we bad undispulable evi
dence that the lessees had been spending,
aud were continuing to spend, consider
able sums of money 'a conciliating mem
bers of the legislature. That any iuoney
did find its way directly from the lessees'
bank account into the pocketol any legis
lator, we had no positive knowledge.
Knowing bow difficult such transactions
are to prove we made no charge that any
member had received money in any direct
way from the lessees. The substance of
what we did say was that the lessees bad
used money to influence the members of
the legislature. They and "their hench
men" bad rooms where entertainments
were given almost nightly to members of
These things were, known to us, and
we feit it to be lor the public good that
the people ot Texas should also know
The influences being used by what was
known as the peuileutiary lobby, were
matters ol common talk at t he capital, and
that these influences were actively at
work, we never beard denied until the
article in Texas Sittings lutned the tem
per of the excitable members who intro
duced and endorsed the resolution call lit
for an Investigation.
We have luruished you with several
i wl.v.W.iCS, r p.csetfiives, senators aud
others; wuo have sworn that mere was
always free liquor aud cigars at the head
quarters of tne lessees. Ail tuese wit
nesses (with one exception) testified to
baviug seen members of the legislature
there and to having sees them drinking
and playing poker with Slr.Cuuiiinguaui.
one of the lessees, aud others. We were
debarred, by the ruling of the committee,
from asking wltnei-st-s to give the names
of the members of the legislature who
played poser with the lessees and their
trietids, and iluesi-rs were not allowed
to answer questions as to whether they
saw certain mi piliers win money in these
games at the headquarters of Mr, Cun
uiughaiu, oue ol the lessees.
Due saloon keeper testified before this
committee that Sir. Cunningham, who
was interested in the ratification of the
lease, speut several hundred dollars in
bis saloon in entertaining his (Cunning
barn's) friend! , most ot the friends being
members of the legislature, and that Gen
eral Jiumby and Mr. Sinnot, who were
both directly interested in the ratifica
tion, each spent large sums ol money in
entertaining members of the legislature.
There are about fifty-nine saloons in Aus
tin, but we brought before the committee
the proprietors of only one of them, as
we did uot feel it to be necessary to prove
the total amount of money spent, but
merely thai money bad been spent by the
lessees on menibers of the legislature,
aud with intent to influence their votes.
Mo sane man could be made to believe
that men Interested in a bill, the passage
of which would probably profit them
many hundred thousand dollars, would
spend money on members ot the legisla
ture for the purpose of antagonizing
them. Neither could he be persuaded
that it was the promptings of generous
beans that caused them to spend It, else
they would not bave squandered almost
all their time and much money on mem
bers of the legislature to the exclusion ol
other good citixeusof the state. There
tore, we claim that It must be granted
that it was done to influence members ot
the legislature to voie in favor ol the rat
ification of the penitentiary lease.
Whether members were Influenced
wa will allow their constitu
ents to judge. They know tbem
better than we do, but we wilt, in this
connection, reier to the evidence of the
first witness examined, who testified
that he interviewed the representative
shortly after the legislature met and
lound nine-tenths opposed to ratification;
and then we called attention to the vote
on the question sixty days atterwsrds,
when, as the records win snow, only
about two-thirds opposed ratification.
We, therelore, respectfully submit
that we btive proved the truth o7 the
charges made by us In the article re
fnrred to, and that the facts known to us,
at the time said ar.icle was written, justi
fied us in making the charges.
Commission of Appeals,
3660. G. A. Koote vs. S. C. O'Koark;
(rom Collin county. Affirmed.
3o8-S. Wheeler vs. Leman Adams; from
Fanuin county. Reversed and ordered
transferred to the county court.
B08T R.M. Cox vs. A U. Montgomery;
from Tarrant county. Ueversed and re
mauded. 3 lil. Abby Thompson vs. B. A. Ruth
erlord; trom Travis county. Afhrmed.
4003 S. H. Kussef et al vs A. Freed
man ft Co.; from Navarro county. Re
versed and remanded.
4002. 8 H.Russell et al vs. F.eeduian
& o.; from Navarro couuty Dismissed.
3667 .I.D Templeton vs.W.I.Rytum;
from Ellis county. Reversed and dis
missed, 3507. Booth et al vs Holmes; from Wise
county. Reversed and remanded.
4iBtl. Duke et al vs. Reed et al; from
Call well county. Reversed and rendered
4027. J. A. Holland vs. Focke & Wll
kius; from Limestone county. Attirmed.
Judge Z. T. Fulmore, presiding, Frank Brown,
Officers Robinson and Locke yesterday
arrested Henry Stotts, Charles Johnson,
Gus Black and George Price, all negroes,
for gambling. The and others who will
be pulled lu a tew days, as an army ot
them are known, will explain Hoyle be
fore this court the first Monday In May.
Justice's Court Precinct No. 3.
Fritz Tegeuer, presiding.
The state or Texas vs. Shadrack Mc
Gamer, for cursing and swearing, fined
fS5 and costs.
Justice's Court Precinct Xo. 3.
Wm. Von Rosenberg, Jr., presiding.
The following civil eases were disposed
of this court yesterday:
J. J. and W . H. Tobin rs. T. M. Spur
fin; suit on sworn account for 36.64.
Judgment for plaintiff.
Bertram, Brueggerhoff and Moeller vs.
R. Rudiger; suit on promissory note for
$15 60. Judgment for plaintiff.
Bertram, Brueggerhoff & Moeller vs.
Tbeo. Butz; suit on promissory note for
J101.70. Judgment for plaintiff.
Wm. Brueggerhoff vs. Wm. Surgincr;
suit on promissory note. Dismissed on
motion ot plaintift.
Wm. Brue gerboft vs. S. Welch; suit on
promissory note for f'20. Judgment for
Wm. Brueggerhoff vs. J. Canover; suit
on promissory note lor 66 80. Judgment
Austin Gaslight and Coal company vs.
W. G. Barker; suit on open account for
15.70. Dismissed on plaintiffs motion.
Cameron, Amberg A Co. vs. J no. A
Webb&bro.; suit on sworn account for
$76.60. Judgment for plaintiffs.
G. V. Luce vs. I.Q.N R. R. Co. and
M. P. It R Co.; suit upon open account
(damages) for tlto Judgment for plain
tiff for $56 and costs.
J. Hayes & Co vs. Jno. Condon; suit
upon promissory note lor $178. Dis
missed upon plaintiffs' motion.
Houghton Robinson vs. A. Gardiner
A Co.; suit upon open account for fcUS.75.
Judgment for plaintiff.
LoomW tt Christian vs. J. M.Hodge;
suit upon promissory note for 961.40.
Judgment for plaintiffs.
J. Farrell vs. V. H. McLaurin;ault 00
sworn account for $10. Judgment for
J. K Walton vs. Wilson, suit for
tne recovery or a borse; cause settled and
dismissed at defendant's costs.
Jas. A Courtney vs. Ed. Creary, suit
upon sworn account for $27; cause settled
Houghton & Robinson vs. Jno. Canofi.
suit on piomlssory note for $79.96; judg-
luci. tor piaioim.
Geo. Dunlap vs. Fr. Reicbow, suit on
promissory note tor f 10 and foreclosure
of lien on sewing machine. Judgment
T. B. Wheeler vs. E. P. Phillips, suit
on promissory note tor $25, Judgment lor
Justice Wm. von Rosenberg, jr., dis
posed of quite a nnmber of civil cases
yetterday. as shown by the above.
Coksicaxa, April !. Capt. John
Sparks, who was shot by the Fuller
xys will be buried, from his residence
in East Corsicana. to-niorrow evening.
The coroner's jury in the case found
the facts as reported in (Saturday's
telegram. Deputy Sheriff Cobley
arrested the two brothers and brought
them to town this evening.
Palestine, April 'J.S. X. Pickens,
who was a candidate for mayor last
Tuesday served a notice Saturday on
Litcey, his successful opponent, that a
contest would lie made against his
election. Th$s aldeimen met to-day
and heard arguments of consul. Judge
Greenwood and W. II.GiU for IVk
enu and Judge Reeves & Son for
Lacey. The ground alleged by Pick
ens was that a large number of tick
ets voted by Lacey 's friends were
written in blue ink, and under Texas
statutes could not be counted. The
aldermen after a long session decided
Lacey elected and he was qualified at
San Saba, April 9. Mrs. Pave
Williams, who resides near this place
with h r husband, was on hist Sun
day evening taken suddenly sick with
a violent convulsion. Dr. Ilolman, a
prominent physician, was sent for,
but before he arrived lire. Williams
died. She had been in feeble health
for some time, and had been using
citrate of magnesia. She was feeling
bad and took her accustomed dose,
and in a short while afterwards com
menced having convulsions. The I ot
tle containing the medicine was
brought to town and analyzed and
found to contain a quantity of strych
nine. It is believed that the strych
nine was put in the bottle unknown
to Mrs. Williams, and with the intent
to accomplish what it has.
Sax Antonio, April., a. Arthur
Wej'jiian, a boy sixteen years old,
wht) confessed to stealing letters, was
convicted to-day in the federal court
and sentenced to thirty days in jail."
II. J. 1'hipps, of Laredo, for embez
zlement of public funds, was con
victed. Sentence was reserved.
A Chinese opium den has been dis
covered here. A light among them
iei 10 uie discovery yesterday.
The hfirs m( James Smith, killed in
the great Dry Can von Liridtre accident
of the Sunsi't, have sued the company
ior iju,iu uamuges.
The Sunset passenerer train Satur
day night was delayed seven hours by
me wrecK ot a freight train near
The body of old Juan Uodriouez.
who while partly insane wanderod
away from home here last December,
was found yesterday near Ciistroville.
It wtis identified by the clothing.
The land case of Dignowitty and
others as defendants against the gov
ernment in the suit to condemn city
property, resulted in a verdict of $1850
per acre valuation. The erovernment
Dallas, April 9. A report reached
this city to-day that late yesterday
evening, at the tie camp on the Hous
ton and Texas Central railroad north
east extension, between Garrett and
Kaufman, a part of a gang of con
victs, headed by a convict "trusty,"
who was allowed to carry a pistol,
made a break to escapa A guard in
charge of the gang, attempted to halt
the fugitives, when the "trusty" fired
cn him. He returned the (ire with a
shotgun, mortally wounding one. A
report to-night says two ot the con
victs have been recaptured.
The new officers of the Dallas Mer
chants' exchange were installed to
day. A big banquet was part of the
proceeainirs. Subscriptions to the mer
chants exchange building were then
opened and the full amount, two hun
dred shares at $200 each, was taken
by business men. It was the most
quietly consummated enterprise ever
inaugurated in the city. It is propos
ed to increase the number of shares
to two hundred and fifty, to allow
members of the exchange residing in
the smaller towns to subscribe. It
was resolved to increase the member
ship fee after they subscribed to S10U0.
A committee of nine meiiibt-i-j was
appointed to elect a building site.
The- committee has been called to
gether next Wednesday, evening.
Work on the building will begin
within sixty days.
The Dallas county grand jury ad
journed after finding four hundred
and fifty-five indictments. Three
bills for murder were returned one
against F. M. ifallington, for the kill
ing of John Strupes; one against Sam
Wilson, for the killing of Andeion
Thomas, and the other against Ike
Loeb, for the killing of Emanuel
Galveston, April 8. For the past
two or three days the gulf beach along
the west end of the island has been
strewn with lumber, which has been
carried in by the waves from a vessel
that was abandoned and went to
pieces off the island some days since.
It is estimated that fully forty thou
sand feet of this lumber nas been
Eicked up by parties residing near the
each, one party alone having se
cured six thousand feet.
Among the distinguished arrivals
in the past twenty-four hours are
Rear Admiral Itadford, of the United
States navy, and wile, and CoL F.
Lange, of the engineer corps of the
German army, who is in this country
examining our system of harbor and
Houston, April 9. The proprietor
of the Drummers' exchange, while
going from his place of business to
his home at "a late hour Sunday night,
was assaulted by an unknown party
While his injuries are not severe they
were painful for a time. Who the
party is he is unableHo say, but as the
party fled at once, he thinks it was
done to gratify bad feeling and not
for the purpose of robbery. As the
matter stands, it seems there is no
way of catching the scoundrel.
Capt. A. C. Hutchinson, president
of the H Miston and Texas Central
road, anil of the Morgan interest in
the Star and Crescent route, has re
turned from his tour of inspec
tion over the main line and
brunettes. He was accompanied by
Maj. Swan son, Col. .Ionian, and part
of the trip by Mr. Quinlan, superin
tendent of the northern division of
the line. They traveled on a special
train. Capt. Hutchinson has re
turned to New Orleans.
The chief officers of the Texas West
ern narrow guage rotul are expected
to arrive this morning, to attend the
annual meeting of the stockholders
and directors of the road. There will
probably be a new board and new of
ficers chosen to-day.
The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe
ran the first passenegr train over the
road from Galveston to Houston yes
terday. It was an excursion train,
chartered by the colored Odd Fellows
of Gidveston, for the purpose of visit
ing this city. The town is full of ne
groes, here to celebrate an Odd Fel
A Celebrated Astronomer.
Among the passengers by the Ser
via, which arrived on Monday, was
Dr. Otto Wilhelra Struve, director of
the imperial observatory at I'ulkowa.
Russia, whose object in visiting this
country is to test the object-glass
lately completed by Messrs. Alvan
Clark & Sons, of Cambridgeport, Mas
sachusetts, on the order of the Rus
sian government. The glass is the
largest ever constructed, being thirty
inches in diameter, four" inches larger
than the one in use on the great equa
toriitl telescope of the Washington ob
servatory, also made by the Chirks.
The instrument to which it is to be
appnei will be constructed in Russia,
as the etliciency of telescopes, of
course, depends solely on the perfec
tion of the object-glass, and not
on the mounting. Dr. Struve's rep
utation as an astronomer ranks very
high, and he is credited with nume
rous importiint discoveries, among
them that of a satellite of Uranus
and aliout live hundred double stars.
He was also the first to demonstrate
that the" red prominences seen at a
solar eclipse bt-long to the sun's sur
tnce. With the superb glass which
he is now a jout to ttt it is hoped
that ho may be enabled to add still
further to the knowledge now pos
sessed by the inhabitants of this
planet concerning its sister spheres.
The- Messrs. Chirk are also uuder con
tract to furnish a still larger object
glass, thirty-six inches in diameter,
for use at the Lick Observatory in
California. As was the case with the
Russian glass, however, it will require
several years for its completion.
ew York Times.
The Cause of Prince Gortschakofls
A telegram to the London Standard
from Radeii-Hadcn gives some details
of the death of 1'rince Gortschakoff
which go to confirm the report that
he was poisoned, notwithstanding the
denials of the court physicians. The
(Standard's telegram says Dr. Schelief,
tuoriKcnaKon s physician, lound him
well on the 10th of February, but was
called on the 17th to deal with an at
tack ot sickness and indigestion,
which he treated on the suDDosition
that it was merely the result
of old age. The malady con
tinued obstinate, the doctor
suspected poison, and, on examina
tion of the ejecta, discovered phos
phorus. From this attack the prince
slowly recovery, but on the 4th of
March he was still so weak that hope
of his rocovered was very slight. Im
provement continued, and the prince
was comparatively well by Thursday
morning, the 8th of March. Onth
evening of that day he leu siuloeh re
turns of extreme vreakness, rapidly
following eat-h other, until death occurred.-
The chemical post mortem
examination of the contents of the
stomach has prov ed the presence there
of I rures of phosphorus.
fKi-ltou Journal. 1
The present superintendent has
been in Austin nearly the whole time
of the present session working vigor
ously for the leases as made by the
penitentiary board, of which he Is a
member. He litis championed the
cause of the lessees, and their cause
having gone down by overwhelming
vote of the house, his resignation
would not be the least appropriate
thing he could do.
Washington, April 9. In the star
route tri.d, John R. Miner, defendant,
was called. He testified that he had
lived in Ann Arbor, Michigan, the
last year, previous to that in which
he had lived in Sandusky, Ohio,
where he had been associated with
S. W. Dorsey in business enterprises.
In 1877 witness met Teck. They con
cluded to take a liy at the mail con
tract business. Witness told how he
had met Uoone, John .Dorsev and
other contractors, and of the difficul
ties experienced in securing bonds
men, his statements agreeing with
other evidence already given for de
fense. Witness said Kansas, Ne
braska and Dakota roads were di
vided bctweeu' John, Dorsey and
lioonc. The remainder wer,e assigned
Miner, 1'eck & Co. The Oregon
routes were suMet to a contractor
who failed. Witness came on to
Washington and tried to get rid of
the contract. He tried to give them
as a holy gift to several persons. Vaile
among others. Vaile declined at first,
but consented to see Brady and try to
get extension of time allowed, for
putting on service. He succeeded in
getting an extension till August 16.
Witness then did what he could to
put on service by the appointed time,
but it was a work of great difficulty
and witness through Vaile applied to
Brady for another formal extension,
but the request was refused. Vaile
went home leaving an offer for wit
ness' consideration, to take up service
for Miner, Peck & Co., if they should
be declared failing contractors, there
by protecting them from loss and se
curing (10 days' extension. The.) wax a
little "finessing" in that, witness ad
mitted. The olTer was accepted, and"
dralts on routes were given Vaile,
who returned to Washington in the
fall of 1878. Witness saw Urady
tw ice iK'fore indictment was returned.
Up )n the first occasion he went to se
cure extension of time for putting on
service. "He bluffed me nearly out
of my boots," said witness, ";uid 1 did
not go near him until the spring of
1881. when I went to see him about a
theater box." Witness denied in
positive terms that he or any of the
defendants, to his knowledge, hud
ever conspired to defraud the govern
ment. Senator Dorsey was a member of
the railroad committee, and in the
course of his inspection of the North
ern Pacific railroad, had beeu im
pressed with glowing notions of the
possibilities of eastern Oregon, and
thought bids upon the route in that
country had been worked too high.
One was reduced $3000 by his sugges
tion, and the contractors lost more
than that sum for their reliance upon
his judgment. Witness had written
in every figure in the bidding book.
. Specific denials were made ot nearly
everything of importance included
in Rerdell's testimony- affect
ing witness. Rerdell had not
been promised that his route, the
White River and Rawlins, would be
increased. Anything he did in con
nection with that route was onrhis
own responsibility. AVitness saia he
and Rerdell had quarrelled on the
avenue one day in the spring of 1879,
and witness told Rerdell if he ever
spoke to him again ha. would "Mash
his nose all over hi3 face." Had noth
ing to do with him after that. Ex
tended examination was based on
the handwriting of different papers
in evidence, witness continuing to
contradict Rerdell upon every point.
Without concluding examination of
witness the court adjourned.
POSTAL GENEKAL OKDEK. '
The following general order" was
issued to-day :
Postoffice Department J
Washington, D. C April 9, 1883.
Ordered, that order Ho. 4t3, of Jan
uary 12, 1883, is hereby revoked. Sec
tion 371 of the postal laws and regu
lations of 1879, is amended so as to
read as follows: "Postal cards and
prepaid letters to le forwardttd if re
quested." Prepaid letters shall le
lorwarded from one postoffice to an
other at the request of party ad
dressed without additional charge for
postage. All letters upon which one
full rate postage has been prepaid,
and all postal cards shall be forward
ed from the oilice from which they
are addi eased, to any other ofliee at
the request of the person addressed
or person whose card may be on the
envelope, or whose name may le
signed to the postal card, without ad
ditional charge for , postage. Such
forwarding must be continued until
the party addressed is reached.
1'ku.taining to ee venue.
The commissioner of internal reve
nue has under consideration the prop
osition for the surrender by the gov
ernment of the plates used in
rinting private dies and stamps
when the stamp tax repeal goes into
effect. Mr. Rauni said such surrender
would lie a mere matter of grace, as,
under the contract with manufactur
ers, the plates belonged to the United
States. He was disposed, however,
to accommodate the manufacturers as
far as possible. The commissioner of
internal revenue says the allowance
of export drawback, under the pro
visions of section 338a, revised stat
utes, on all tobacco, snuff, cigars and
cigarettes, entered for export on and
alter May 1, 1883, will be limited to
tax on articles of this class. In force
on that day as follows: On manufac
tured tobacco, including snuff, eight
cents; on cigars and cigarettes weigh
ing not over three pounds per thous
and, fifty cents per thousiind.
ISSUES FROM THE HINTS.
The issue of standard silver dol
lars from the mints for the week end
ing April 7, was $1(13,499; for corres
ponding period last year, $152,000.
SECRETARY FOI.GKIt'S HEALTH.
Secretary Folger was at the treas
ury department to-day for the first
time in aliout two months. ' His left
eye is still somewhat inflamed and is
protected by a shtule. Otherwise he
Is in pretty good health. Ho received
a large number of visitors and at
tended to all business requiring his
attention. Assistant Secretary New
relieved hint of alt routine business
of the department. Secretary Folger
says he has not decided whether or
not to go away at present. It has
been sujrgested to him to take a trip
INDIAN NEWS MISCONSTRUED.
Indian Agent Wih-ox, i.f the San
Carlos aireney, t.eh'grai lnil Commis
sioner Price to-day that the telegram
sent by ti i 111 (Wilcox ) Mich 27, has
lieen iiisome parts iiiiseoiihtriKMl; that
ho has been made to say the white
ineti k illt-d near the Upper Gila river
were depredatinir, while in fact he
did say the Indians who killing were
depredating. The misconstruction of
the dispatch, Wilcox says, does him
great injustice and created intense
excitement in Arizona.
The treasury department to-dav
made a rulimr that the provisions of
the new tarilf act amending section
2510, revised statute, took ellttt from
date of the passage of the act. Thin
section of revised statutes, as amend
ed by the newt ariff act, provides for
free transportation of ship material to
lie used in const ruction of vessels
built in the United States for foreign
" LA.TiC.nnh LTSth PEN.M OTi
Sr. Louis, April 9.The AtlauttK
milling company, of which George
Rain, who has been president of the
National milling association several
years past, is president and general
manavrer, asked for extension to-day
and closed their mills. Mr. Rain says
the suspension is only temporary, and
that the company will pay ull in-debtednes-;
with Interest iu a short
time. The embarrassment was caused
by dull European markets, the ex
pense of introducing new brands of
Hour In Europe aud being overstock
ed with wheat. The indebtedness U
almost wholly to grain men, w ho are
willing to grant the extension Mr.
Rain wants. The liabilities are aliout
$50,000, to offset which the company
has the Atlantic mills, a new struct
ure of one thousand barrels capacity
and valued at $250,UK; the 1'inenix
mill of six hundred barrels capacity,
the City mill of thirteen hundml bar
rels capacity, the value of which l.t
not stated. Mr. -Rain expresses the
utmost confidence that he will have
affairs in good shape in a very short
time, and will start the mills again as
soon as the markets improve.
FIRST TROUGH TRAIN.
Salt Lake Citv, Utah, April 0.
The first passenger train on th
Rio Grande road left for Denver to
day with thirty-three through fares.
The first passenger train from Denver
arrived in forty-three hours. General
Manager Dodge and other officers are
here, organizing services and looking
4 , v. 1 . . : v . t 1 : t.
TIIE SITUATION PRECARIOUS.
' St. Louis, April 9. Private dis
patches from New Orleans say the
city is liable to be inundated if any of
the levees give way. The river in
now on a level with the crown of the
levee along the city front. The crev
asse at Gouldshoro, on the right bank
of the river directly opposite New
Orleans, will lie closed by this eve
(Oould ti Co.'s.l
ROYAL HAVANA LOTTERY.
NUMBER Kdll NUMBER, PRIZE roil ritlVKy
Willi 40-1 Additional ii"i.cii.
Class 1127, April 25, 1883.
ONLY 40.000 TICKETS ANU1V.4 ri!f ::.v
MC1IKIM l.K :
I r?unlt1 lVivi.
, ... $,
1 Capital JYize
I CaiuUtl rrizo , a
4 fn.BH. w eacu I,
H i'rize. i Q WU.-U 1
Hi Prizes, luoewli h,
1U00 lYlBH. loruuli 10
m nj'it,Aiiiitiwii9 mi jii I'l;, yjuu
9 AjiioiLiiiitttl.iii to :d pr.e, .ri0 .
9 Approximation to vn nizn, j0
IVH Prize an Ikvh.Ih-1iik 1 e full n mi
ber In the hoyai Hnvan. and
400 Additional I'rizemil lamcli to the
400 tn-keU IihvIIik iu eiiiliim niiiiibfm
the two terminal units of the num
ber drawing the Capital i'rize ot
J'rizeit, aiiiouutliig lu U. t. g ild to t4Ulu
TirketM 'Z, Halves I,
All prized paid on prenptitallon. For infor.
nation aud ticket, apply to
Duirnci vuini Ai,
Oener.il Amenta, 1212 Brovdwav. N. Y.Citjr
or 60 East Jiiunloipli KUrttet, Cliicako, 111.,
or Jno. ft. I-ernakukz.
lot-f ftD.ri.oo i aurlec dlMim Un him
tomNarr iKiMutr. Iuumi, llriuu
rlU MM aa4 sur r Aim, Cll m writ tor Uu Sm
II tli M
taNHNMii trm tUptmm mm Ik nil
v4ttXAJ&LfUiixj'vaA Tuiirrv vam
A fftvorft ppwTlntlon nf m of th
moatnotrd and iu-ciiil i-.-illn In th U. H.
(pow rwlri-di lor tnrciireof Armwa el Utty
g,mwt MnmHmmtt, Wmfnmm ml Btmn w-uE
to plamwmlixt km vlup . ImivglsLacauttllll.
AddrM DR. WARD CO.. UMw. Mo
Speedily wtltrrll hjlhe dm f YHmHh IVmC
wnmnt9 Whir b ffreluallr rui-f Tin IMUU
ttr, Lmi Vlrlllly, Pmulari Dam.
all tronblM iilung from owwiirk a4 iuimh,
fauapU C VIUUlM nuUlxl free, aal4,bT
174 bu m rinV4. O
au I...--- -
fira iio cul
W wITl ma FHTB, In Wlo Male4 Ttop
"Dr. OUaRCHJLIVHCKLSHRATJJ I'R ilKJ.
TlOTiS, for th incMr our of 'rvon mid
Phfal4Ml I bUtty, .Loaf VihUttr, Zpoodanoy,
Ooufuaxon of ld4Mtt and tba whol train of ta
tBrl4BT-a brnt: h t nn r TnrliMratiaa ajid a iinnii
4fi VmMuimt Ira tka uirrariiDi4K.
LITHO;RAPHIN-Th) Statesman Pub
UnUmg Co., wUl Ux eMt-irs lor Utho
HARRIS RFFJmV M
.iivwmwsu' rr Ckrahto i-A
1 ..,!.;':- Italiraaul
rna nli MR In k.u. I- ,777.,!-.