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W..N. Hubbell'o dupp.y .jwru.
JXJST 11ECE1 VED,
W.. N. HtJBBELL,
A BRAND NEW STOCK.QI
Hlafe & Caps, Boots & Shoes, Etc.
Also a Fresh Stock of
The Largest and Best Block in
the City.. Call and Examine Goods
Corner Hkiu& Sixth Streets, OTtrposito
tho Leland HoteL
CALDWELE,. KANS A S..
AND DEALER IN-
Darlington,. L T.
X. "W- HOOI
tasaFQiac b&kck,, ind. ter.
Ranch Cattle Men
ftOODS IN QUANTITIES
Voinc A Draper,
Dodge City, Ks.
F K. York & Co.
N. W. EVANS eo Co.
Goods nsw audi hitest styles and
carefully selected' to meet the wants
of the people of the Terrftory.
FORT RENO. TND.. TER,
TMAY 10, 1881.
DECLINE OK THE BOOM.
Tim boomers meet with no moro
encouragement from the present ad
ministration than they did from the
last. As a last subterfuge, Payne it
Co. threatened (o oeeii)y (lie Indian
lands under eover of the clause giv
ing the country to Indians and freed
nien. The Krecd men's Oklahoma
association of St. Louis. ( which w
take to he hut another form of the
Payne lunacy) has issued a circular
promising 100 acres of land to every
negro who will settle in Oklahoma.
Secretary Kirkwood at once referred
the circular to the commissioner of
the general land ollice, who says
there never lias been a time since the
acquisition of the territory ceded by
France that any lands within the
limits of the present Indian Terri
tory have been open for settlement
under any mibhc land law. The
.clause in regard to freednien refers
to the lormer slaves owned by Indi
ans, and any attempt to settle black
men there will -be unlawful. These
are not public lands within the
meaning of the nublic land laws.
The term public lands, as applied to
Oklahoma, is used in a general sense
indistinction from lands held by
private citizens. They arc not open
to settlement. Thu report concludes
as follows :
,kFor many years efforts have been
made by designing persons to oiled
an ingress into the Indian Territory,
for the purpose of despoiling the In
dians of the patrimony secured them
ny the most solemn obligation of the
United Stales. These unlawful and
dangerous efforts have heretofore
been thwarted by the prompt action
of the executive, under his constitu
tional duty to enforce the law. The
present attempt to make use of Ihe
colorod people of the country in the
name direction, deluding them with
fictitious assurances that new and
congenial homes can be provided for
them in the territory deserves espe
cial reprobation, since its only effect
must bo to involve innocent people
in a criminal conspiracy and to sub
ject them to disappointment, hard
ship and suttering.''
ll would seem that this ought to
settle the (potion. Oklahoma is not
open for settlement, and people who
are wise will make some good use of
their money instead of paying it to
n i' c 1 l . 1
1 uyne or v o., 10 maivc asses 01 inrm. (i 1 i
'pi.' ...,1,. .1 n.i . - i- . 1 the Indian
1 in-"mi j'iuu."nir ritiMiii jor set
tling the Ierritorv is that it is the
properly of the Indians and ought
wi in iii" 'umuruiMi. k. I
.. , ... .i:..i,.i..i 1
i.im.. iu.tuiii.iiu.v 1
v or several reasons we have ncg-1
1 - A I 1 . 1 I 1 .1 ..
iccieo 10 nuimsli t ne ummitiL
fi'"ight delivered by Indian freight-
ers at this agency; but we will now! the Indians themselves, but the dif
try to give as good an idea as possi- ferencc between the rates paid Indi-
hie ol its extent. he Chevenne A-
Arapahoe Transjiorlafion Compnuy
was organised in the fall of 1877, by
.- ... a f : 1 1 1 . , ."
.'ut jufes, ami n m nut us ice 10
1 . 1 I r . .
him and his rifliuil fn stnv i Iml f Im !
' 1. UMII UMlV
was the lirst scheme of thi4 kind ever '
111 1 I a t
undertaken. Kverv thiiim thnfiv!
ular freighters" eoiild do to discour
age tin entcrpi-ie was done, but the
first trip to Wichita, though not
over lucrative to the Indians, was
entirely satisfactory to the Depart
ment. I ivc tnns were made to icb-
---!-- -.--.-....-. .. i ,v 1
ita and 3J.Sr133 ln of supplies was!
safely delivered, for which erviee
the fivlian r'-uved ( l.'d vn a-
against $0,781.09 paid white freight
ers ior like service tite year beiore.
Thus, while employing the Indians,
the (Government made a clear gain
of $031.3). The Arapahoes deliv
ered 170,133 lbs, and the Chcyennes
hi 2,300 His.
During the year 1870, 228,090 lbs
was safely transported, by Indians,
for which service they received the
sum of $3112.22.
In 18S0 the amount delivered was
1,803,740 lbs. Part of this came
from Wichita 105 miles, part from
Arkansas City 130 miles and the
rest from Caldwell 110 miles. The
stone (303 perch) used in the new
commissary was brought from the
quarry ; and two large kilns of lime
was hauled from the Red Hills, a
distance of 35 miles. The total cost
of this service was $20,()31.22. The
trips were made in good time, the
roods arrived in eood condition, and
with absolutely no stealage, which
could not always bo said when the
white freighter was employed. The
money thus earned was first applied
to the purchase of wagons and har
ness. In this way AS) wagons have
become the properly of !he Chcy
ennes and Arapahoes. One hundred
and ten of these are now fully paid
for, and the Indians owning them
receive cash for their work.
Acting Commissioner, E. M. Gar
ble, in bis report of 1880 says : "The
experiment of entrusting wild Indi
ans with the transportation of their
own suonlics and annuitv ornnds
ii -- .7 . .. . .
from the railroad terminus to the
agency was first undertaken at the
Cheyenne and Arapahoe Agency in
the summer and fall of 1877. Wag
ons and harness were supplied by the
government and ponies were lur
nislu d by the Indians. For the
whole distance, 105 miles, they were
paid M) per hundred pounds, in
cash, or were credited at the rate of
$1.75 J )er hundred on the purchase
of wagons, harness, etc', which they
had undertaken to earn. Three hun
dred thousand pounds were trans
ported the first year, five hundred
thousand the second, and during
the past year over a million pounds
of supplies have been hauled by
their teams. During the present year
the flour and corn, which last Vcjl
son was delivered at the Airenev bv
'the contractor, will also be taken fry
1 . 1 . 1 . .. . . . . . .
the railroad, and
v. ill add nearly u million pounds to
the quantity to lie freighted by them,
1 , a ;i , , 1 , v i ,
ujiirs enauung me agem 1,0 give cm-
ul now cnuor In rntrujro j 1 1 t he i-u-
lerprise. My this method nut only
. I . .1,1 .. J
is the am-juut paid them for trans
portation so much really saved to
1... 1...1! .1 1.. . IJ ;l T.r
ans anil lliosv charged hy white
transpartalion contractors results in
an actual annual saving to the gov
ernment ofscvcml thousand dollars.
KL'ill .nwl i-in-i. in ilu. iiiniMimniii.t-tl
.'... . .1 . I v,.4 11. V I IV J I 1 1 I I I l ,,'. Jill IIU
of their tennis, dispatch in the hand-
1 t .. 1 ... .....
Iinsr ana ioiwarding oi the Ireight,
and absolute iioxkstv and tuiist
woimn.N'JCssin the care of the goods
in transitjp, have characterized the
Tudian tnmsportation service. Not a
)ackage has been lost, not a case or
--. r.-'.-. iw.i ii viiiiiiiyi v.i ivul
The success of the enterprise boa
made it a purrnanent feature in the
pnliev ..I Indian M'vilin'ti..n "
hale hroicen open or tampered with.
nil .t.-i .