MAl'FKT & Mbpxitt, Publishers.
Qal Dollar a YiMtft
r DARLINGTON, INDIA.N TEIITORY?MrG. 12, 1886.
i L-tuuii Miif uxmiui. mmim
i. 11 1
The Cowboy's Lament.
Through progress of vnllroads,
'Our occupation's gone,
Wo put our ideas into words,
Our- words into a song:.
First comes the cowboy,
lie's pointed for the west;
Of nil the pioneers I claim
The cowboy is the best.
Wo miss him on the round-up :
Gono is his meny Rhout.
The cowboy's loft the country,
And tho eauipilro's going oul,
No railroad nor graders
Nor anything to mar
Our happiness in camning out,
Or trav'ling with tho star
When I think of the good old days,
My oyes do sometimos illl,
When 1 think of the tin by tho camp Arc
And tho cayuso on tho hill.
'Iinmagination takes me boclr,
1 hear the merry shout;
'But the cowboy's left the country,
And the camptlre's going Out.
Yon freighters arc companions,
, You'll have to leave tlie land,
Can't haul your loads lor nothing,
Through seven feet ot sand.
'Railroad's bound to beat you,
Do your level best;
tin fvlvn it- 1 rx llw. -...... .r
Shake hands before you loavo utj, I
And glvo a merry shout.
Freighter's left tho country,
And the campllrcs going out.
'in times when freight waS'higli'oY,
. Old-timers had a show,
Thoir pockets full of money,
No sorrow did they know;
But, O! how times have changed since then;
You're poorly clothed and led;
Your wagons arc all brokon,
And your mules are almost doad .
The cowboy and tho freighter
. Soon will hear tho angels shout;
"Here they come to heaved1,
And their campllro's all gone out."
Ed. Gray occupies a place hi Trader
Capt. Woodson's troop for fasti horses,
sports and gritty men.
Gcn'l Scth Clover, an agency farmer.,
'has been In from the farming district for
over two wecka recuperating.
The Ampnhoc "Meiliciitt-'
O. A. Harvey, lute of -Fort Reno, bus
accepted 11 position as clerk in the Lone
Star clothing bouse: -Kiowa Herald.
Lieut. Wesscls, tlie gentlemanly officer
'in charge of the Indian scouts at Fort
'Elliott, was down last wool
The lost stag-bound advertised hi the
'last TiiKsroiiTiLR by Cant. Markloy, of
Sill, was recovered at Caldwell. This is
t another proof Unit advoi Using pays.
W. S. Decker, the licensed tra'der for
the railroad coming south from Arkansas
City, has a large advertisement in the
TiiAKsroiiTEii. 'His address for the pres
ent is Ponca Agency, bis store being
11. A. Todd, manager of tho stage line,
with an outfit, has been putting up bay
west of the garrison for u&e of the stage
Stock. Mr. Todd will also put up a sup
ply of bay at the various ranches i:long
the line from Caldwell to Fort Sill.
. The buekboards on the stage line from
Iteno to Sill have been taken off, and
covcrod jerkies arc now used fn their
stead. The enterprising company are
doing everything they possibly can for
the comfort ot the natrons of their line.
Mr. 0. J. YYoodard, of -Lawrence, Kau
nas, son-in-law of Gen. .J. 1). Miles, an ex
Lonslve Indian Territory cattle raiser, who
is now visiting the Hot Springs with bis
interesting family, wa an agreeable
caller at Tub Stock Guowbk rooms on
Thursday. Stock Grower,Lus.Veg, N.M.
The town cows of Arkansas City arc
'(tying of Texas fever contracted from a
'herd of Arkansas cattle that wore driven
through that city, tfono in these parts
have died nor has there been any south
ern cattle driven into the state near hero.
Lieut, ftaed, of the pth 'cavalry, came
up from Supply, Saturday, with twenty
six men to receive the thirty-nine recruits
and eighty bead of horses brought down
from Leavenworth, Sunday, by Lieut. 'E.
vj. Robiu3, of the 3rd cavalry. Tliev st-irt-
In keeping with their custom, tlie
Arapahoes began their annual medicine
dance on last Monday. It lasted three
days and nights. Jt was held at a point
fourteen miles up the river, near Jake
Zellweger's ranch. The word "Medicine"
as used by tnc Indians, is synonymous
with the word religion, and their medi
cines imply religious observances. The
nearest celebration cimilar to an Indl-ui
dance is the white man's camp meeting,
and its object and observance is essential
ly tho same. Attendance at the medicine
is compulsory, and is enforced by armed
"Dog Soldiers," who scour the country
far and near, giving their people notice to
remove to tlie place of meeting, and in
case tlie notice is not promptly obeyed,
the dog soldiers rip tlie canvass oil tho
teepes, destroy the poles, and shoot the
chrckens and dogs, tlie latter animal be
ing their favorite disli during the medi
cine. Agent Capt. Lee succeeded in
breaking up the dog-soldier element this
spring, however. Various bands are soon
e'nroutc to the designated place of meet
ing, and arrange their medicine vhluire
in the shape of a huge horse shoe, the
open end being toward the cast. In the
center of their horse shoe, the main medi
cine lodge is erected with great ceremony.
It resembles roughly a circus tent, partial
ly covered with poles, boughs of trees
and canvass in such a way as to render a
shade to its occupants. After tlie lodge
is completed it is taken possession of with
great ceremony by the '-medicine men,"
who approach the lodge from the outer
row of teepees with a very slow, stealthy
tread, proceeded by the 'medicine
women," holding a bullalo skull with its
openings stuffed with green herbs and
grasses. After the medicine men have
taken possession of the lodge, the dog
soldiers eniue with a grand charge across
the green, and, rushing into the medicine
lodge, circle around and around the center
pole, tiring volloy after volley at the im
age of a man suspended, high in the air.
This image represents their enemies-in
olden time, the white man. Alter the
doy soldiers retire, the medicine com
mences. The duncers, who are stripped
naked, save a breech clout, have been
fantastically uainted and decorated, and
are formed in a circle around the lodge.
On one side stand musicians, who beat
upon a Luge drum and chant a song In
unison with the music and dance. The
dancers keep up the motion by ri-ing
upon the ball of the foot; then dropping
back upon the heel; then rising as before
the feet remaining upon thr ground ami
no other motion of the body being made.
A long eagle quill whistle is held in tlie
mouth of each dancer, and the peculiar
whistling noise adds much to the general
din. At one end of the lodge is the '-medicine"
(the objects of veneration) enshrin
ed in a bower of gieen boughs and iixed
out with feathers and trinkets. Immedi
ately back of this is the '-iiu-dleine
woman" stripped to the waist, attended
by two other Indian women, all reclining
in a bower behind the medicine screen.
The medicine woman is the person .go
who make all preliminary arrangements
for a medicine dance, bearing all ex
penses for food, etc., She takes possession
of the lodge with the bullalo bead, and
starves the same as the dancers. The
dancers remain for three diys and two
nights without food keeping up their
monotonous dance at intervals, sleeping
but little. Their endurance during the
illegitimate or not. the lather always ac
knowledges in this manner that the child
is his, and in case the father dies before
the birth, his next of kin make the ac
knowledgement for him. The interest
culminates in enthusiastic dancers boing
strung up to ropes to the center polo.
There are two incisions made in the
breast and buck-skin thongs inserted un
der the muscles and a long rope attached
to the center pole. The dancer loans
back so as to stretch the ropo and keeps
dancing until the buck-skin thongs cut
through the muscles of his breast and bo
is free. Another method of torture Is to
drag a buffalo bead around the horse
shoe shaped camp early in Ibe morning
the buffalo bead being attached to a long
rope tied to leather thongs inserted In the
back near the shoulder blades. Tho
main object of a medicine is to enable the
Indians to fulfil sacred vows made while
sulfering from family ailiictions at which
times the readily promise to torture them
selves us a means of relieving themselves
irom their ailiictions. y
-d on tbblr
ordeal wins them honor or disgrace if
they fail. Tempting food of all descrip
tion and fresh water is always within easy
reach and hundreds eat their meals on all
sides of them yet the deepest disrace
falls upon them if they yield to their
hunger or thirst. During the progress of
the medicine many young children are
brought into tho lodge and their ears
pierced by one of the dancers with great
ceremony, a gift of a horse always being
received by the dancer piercing the ohihl'ri 1
ears. This ceremony is similar to n ch re
telling ceremony among tlie white's, with
with the (Locution that this ceremouv is
f simply the acknowledgement of tjho
parentage c f the chifd by its father, 't
.vl.. .v M'l' h'1.1
LimaiiTY, N. MM July 31, 'SO.
Lavw MBukrrr, Esq.,
IJaklixqtos, I. T.
Disau Si : I will now write you de
scriptive of this country and the Panhan
dle, 'as 1 promised before leaving your-'
place : I did not get out here as soon as
I expected when 1 left down there. I was
in the vicinity of Mobeetie nearly three
weeks with the round-up party. This sec
tion of country has been very dry for a
long time until within tlie past two weeks.
There have been several showers, but no
general rain yet. Stock does not look
well here at all not much better than
with you tlie first of May. There has
been scarcely any range work done yet.
Calf branding baa but fairly begun, and
the general round-up has been postponed
until the middle of August. There is con
siderable stock here that has not yet shed
their winter coat of hair sullieient to dis
tinguish the brands. "
In several respects this country differs
very much from that. The grass is nearly
all of the short, curly mesquil, but in the
bottom there grows any amount of nes
quit brush; also Mexican soap weed, until'
its a nuisance. 1 should judge nearly
one-half of tho population is Mexican,
with their large herds of sheep, plenty of
"tmrros,'' and an abundance of bad wa
ter. The is mostly alkali and sattish.
You liud here, also, the genuine Mexican
cactus tree in abundance; also several
varieties of smaller cactus. I have seen
some of the large cactus six and seven
faux high. There comparatively few
hawks, no eagles, no prah'io chickens or
turkeys to mention. But to me there is a
new species of quail. It is of a dove col
or ami larger than the brown quail. It
has a small white top knot, andfis quite a
Our present location is at the foot of
the plain?. We have just returned from
a ten days' trip up on the laius branding
calves. There are hundreds of antelope
and mustangs in that country. I saw as
many as 300 or -00 head of mustangu
while on the trip. They run wild upon
the plains, and there are several outfits
there catching them. The modusonernn
di is to walk them down by continually
1 cxp"ct I havo said enough of ibis sec
tion, so I will drift down the river (Cana
dian) to Tascosa, which is a miniature
representation of a Ah-xican' town. The
buildings aie almost all of aOobe, with
the Ha t dirt roof; occasionally you see a
shingle roof. Population mostly Mexi
canat least the most that were in sight
were and tlie language the same. The
day I arrived there tu second edition of
tlie city uewpaper (the Pioneer) appeared,
and from the eagerness manifested in get
ting a copy, one would havo thought it
the Wichita Eagle or Police Gaetto. At
Tascosa 1 met, Tom, Lemons and Tom
I )ovc, for merly from ' Kono. , They are
partners In the restaurant buckicss, and I
imagine are tlpjug well.
Thinking of no more pf interest. 1 will
close by vMifhf; the V1"V $si,airri5it suc
' t . ' :t.t, rrnlv yours,
' '. " 1 ...
PoncaAoemcv I. T,, July .HO.
Dijaii Mkhkitt ; How nro you standi'?,
the warm weather V I am 011 the bnnte o'.
the Salt Fork with my store v two miloi
from Poncu Agency, and thirty-live .inlloi.
south of Arkansas City. Tho raUrpai?
grade is completed to this point. I'got
a stock of goods on tho ground in time to
catcli the trade of the railroad employees,
there being 200 of them at this camp
The contractor issues bis men orders' on
mo for $100 worth of goods atiUhrto, I
crediting llicm, and be pays me, 'ric
majority of tho cmploj'CeS nro boomers,
and have their families with them. There
arc about TOO teams working In tblsotUfi!
using about one ton of forage per day
which 1 furnish. The grading contract
from here to the f'imarron will be let in
a few dayp. when a number of large compc
will be established along the line. .The
road will run through Oklahoma, west of
Council Grove. v-rc will be on the North
Fork in September,
Wishing' to bcrcmcnibci'CiMo.CJapt.'.Hni"
Mrs. Lee, Mr. Williams and others,
I am, your friend,
W. S. DKGtertii..
A few days ago as the collector ol-'th-:
Enterprise was wending his way along 11
public road bo noticed a team ofiUnc
horses ahead of him. Tlie driver of tho
team stopped in front of a field where an
other man was harrowing. The man in
the field walked up to tho road fence,
leaned upon it in regular old farmer style,
and was talking to the man in tjie .wagon
when the collector drove up- Nothing
unusual about this, the reader will ask.
No, but on reaching thcEo men, the col
lector noticed that both ot them worn In
dian youths, from the Carlisle school,
working out drring the summer on Uncles
county fannsi Later in the duy be found
another Indian boy plowing. He was
lin tehing up a ;leld by the side of a long
lane, witli a narrow strip of grass be
tween the luiie and the Held. It was a
pretty nice piece of work to get tho last
furrow to come out, right all along the
narrow strip of grass, but tlie owner of
the farm was harrowing in a distant field,
trusting this Indian ooy to dress up tlie
job. At auuthsr place he noticed an In
dian boy dressing up a door yard with a
scythe, mowing around shrubbery, ScM
alone, no man or women in sight. A
year or two ago these youths were wild
savage, Indians on tne distant western
plains. All the traditions of the Indiana
tell that a man must not work, but bunt
and go on :be war-path, while the women
attend to the duties of the home. But
here they are, right among us, working
regularly and steadily, and doing their
work well. Ono farmer informed the
writer that he had employed several of
these boys. They were very good, care
ful workers, as a rule, and one especially
took a deep interest in tho work, would
go on and do it without orders or instruc
tion, knew just what to do and how to dc
it, and that with willingness and alacrity.
He considered that the Indian boys were
a great benefit to this part of the country,
and were much better bands th;,n . h
could employ from our own laboring
class of boys and young men. What will
be the outcome of all this? These youths
will certainly not go back to their late
companions and relatives on the reserva
tions, and .become "Indians" aaiu. It is
probable they will return and take with
them the habits !' labor and industry,
take up farms, and cultivate them in their
eld homes. But, will not some of them at
luust, learn to li e our ways and our
people, and desire to remain with us, and
become part of our body poltie? Wnat's
to hinder?: "owtowif (lira.) Enterprise.
The Shoshor.os, a bund of Indians -in
the neighborhood of the Rocky mount
tain?, before smoking with strangers, pull
off their moccasins, in token of the sacred
sincerity of their professions. And by
this act thoy not 'only tosiify their sinceri
ty, but also impreoalo-on llipmQlvcft'Mii
mi"Piv of going barefooted forrvor, '
return trip to r.MpjMv 'i-t
ln .t Ill-, ,1.1 I..M,
1 i. I n T-
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