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Cheyenne transporter. (Darlington, Indian Terr.) 1879-1886, August 12, 1886, Image 2

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THE CHEYEHME TRAHSPORTE.
ESTABLISHED 1879.
MAFFETT & MERRITT,
Editors nnd Proprietors.
INSCRIPTION, $1 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE
CHEYENNE AND ARAPAHOE AGENCY,
Darlinffton, Indian Tor
PERSONS AND THINGS.
An oak tree recently cut down ncan
Visalia, Cnl., turned out 44 cords ot"
wood and 1523 fence-posts.
A mountain of pure marble of bril
liant colors was recently discovered in
Swain county, South Carolina.
A club has been formed at New York
which will admit to membership only
those who claim Canadian citizenship.
Although the island of Jersey is not
more than thirteen miles in length and
six miles in breadth, it possesses nearly
live hundred miles of road.
An old resident of Cromwell, near
Middletown, Conn., has taken 11 L bod
ies of .drowned persons from the Con
necticut river in that vicinity.
An improvement is noted in grinding
stones and emery wheels, by which the
wheel is given a reciprocating lateral
motion in addition to its rotation.
According to a reliable Texas jour
nal, fish are so plentiful in Canada that
in order to tell a first-class lie a sports
man must swear he didn't catch any.
Manitoba, according to Dominion
statistics, is the most criminal of the
provinces. There is one indictable of
fence for each GGO of the j)opulation.
Rev. Dk. A. A. Miner, of the Colum
bus Avenue Universalist Church, Bos
Ion, last Sunday celebrated the thirty
oighth anniversary of his pastorate.
Twelve varieties of fish may bo
caught in the waters of Lake Superior.
They are tho whitelish, herring, pick
erel, pike, sturgeon, red and common
siskewct, small and largo brook trout,
suckers, and perch.
Hon. Ellis II. Roberts, of The
TJUca Herald is credited with being, in
point of unbroken direction. of the
same newspaper, the dean of tho State
pross. He has been at tho hoad of The
Herald thirty-five years.
A new gem, called tho spinel, has
been found in North Carolina. It has
an orange k color, and is transparent
and brilliant. Held in tho sunlight it
seems to have all tho sparks that loud
brilliauco to tho fire-opal.
It is said that if a person whoso
clothes aro on fire will lio clown in a
horizontal position tho fire will bo un
able to do any immediate damage, giv
ing tho victim plenty of time to divest
himself of his clothing.
Georgia, Mississippi, and Alabama,
being now subject to liquor prohibition,
or that peculiar form of prohibitory
legislation which jjoos by the name of
local option, ofVsot tho throe northern
states of Main, Iowa, ami Kansas.
Representative George Talia
ferro Barnes, of Georgia, otherwiso
"Br' or Tarrypin," is said lo bo tho
biggest man in congress, weighing 300
pounds and measuring five foot iivo
inches in diamotcr in ovory direction.
Mr. R. M. T. IIunter, ex-mombcr of
cx-Jeflorson Davis1 ox-cabinct, is very
old, and said to bo very poor.
SWINDLING THE GOVERNMENT.
How Canceled Stumpy are Cleauod
m and Used u Second Time.
'Tho most troublesome ofienders
against government laws aro the ex
perts who use canceled postage-stamps,"
said a postoflice official the other day.
"They have a system of washing out
tho cancellation marks that is so suc
cessful as to make detection almost im
possible. In tho offices of largo cities
like New York and Chicago, where so
many letters are handled daily, and
whero rapidity is tho most desirable
feature, it is impossible for tho men
who cancel stamps to examine each one
carefully. Then, loo, a great deal of
the work is dono by gas-light, and this
is a point which to mis to aid the con
spirator against tho government's in
come. "Anyono who has seen a postoflice
employe in the New York otfice grab a
bundle of letters and cancel the stamps
with lightning-like rapidity can readily
see how impossible it is for him to de
tect bad stamps unloaa they are partic
ularly bad. The men engaged in the
business of using canceled stamps aro
extremely clever. They have an acid
in which they wash tho stamps. The
acid acts upon tho cancellation marks,
and not upon the colors of the stamp.
In this way a stamp that has once been
used is relieved almost entirely of its
black marks. If any black remains af
ter tho washing process, tho operator
takes a sharp knife, which he has made
for the purpose, and deftly scratches
the stamp until tho remaining block
marks are almost, if not entirelT, re
moved. This can be done readily when
tho marks are upon tho bald head or
face of tho historic personage whose
vignette adorns the stamp, as this por
tion is white; and upon a white space
the stamp can be scratched until it is
nearly through without detection.
"Another clever trick that is em
ployed is the cutting of stamps. Often
in the hurry of postoflice work the cancellation-mark
does not cover the
stamp, but falls only upon one corner,
the rest going upon the envelope. The
operator takes a stamp that has a black
mark, say upon the left-hand lower
corner. He carefully cuts a square
piece out of that corner, making it
large enough to cut away all of the
canceled portion. He then secures a
stamp on which the cancellation mark
has fallen in some other corner. He
carefully cuts out tho same-sized square
from the lower left-hand corner of this
stamp, and joining it with the first
stamp ho has a whole stamp upon
which there are no cancellation marks.
These stamps are used upon packages
which arc tied with a string, and tho
string is ingeniously placed over -the
cut stamps.
"Take any package of a dozen let
ters and you will see how easy it is to
find stamps for this business." As he
spoke the official drew from his pocket
a bundle of half a dozen letters. Upon
tho first letter the cancellation mark
was only upon tho lower right corner
of the stamp. The second was can
celed completely, and the third was
marked only upon the upper left-hand
corner. So a combination could have
been easily made with the stamps upon
the first and third letters.
"Many of these operators," continued
tho official, "grew expert in tho work.
They have clever tools and the right
kind of mucilage, and somo go even so
far as to have coloring processes for
touching up a Garfield black eye or a
Washington soiled cheek. "What do
they do with the worked-over stamps?
They do not sell them, as many sup
pose, and that fact renders detection
more difficult. When a man becomes
successful in working over canceled
stamps he endeavors to get into some
business whicli will require the sending
nnd receipt of many registered Jotters
and packages. The most popular
scheme is to go into the cheap jewelry
and fancy-trick business. The operator
lays in a stock of tho cheapest kind of
jewelry and advertises thoroughly
through tho country, especially in rural
districts. A gold watch with chain and
charm for Si.50 is a bait that catches a
groat many green speculators, and as
thoy are instructed to send remittances
by registered letter, the operator receives
a number of 5 and 10-cent stamps.
These stamps he operates on, and when
ho returns the jewelry he pays the pos
lago in whole or in part with canceled
stumps. Ho makes 100 or 200 per cent,
on the jewelry, and does a thriving
business in illegal stamps at the same
time.
"Ah, yes, there are a great many in
tho business, and their success is won
derful. All that wo can do is to keep
on tho lookout and catch ono of them
when wo can. We get an idea that a
man is doinsr crooked work, and then
watch him. When we once get an idea
it does not take us long to ascertain the
truth. Whenever the person presents
a package for registration wo have it
held for inspection, and if there aro can
celed stamps upon it wo are pretty sure
to find them. Often tho bad stamps
are detected before they roach the can
cellation clerks. When they are being
taken from the receiving-baskets they
are sometimes detected. There is now
awaiting the action of the grand jury a
man who is held for doing a rushing
business in canceled stamps from his
store on Broadway. He followed tho
usual plan." New York Star.
FAST STEAMERS.
Horace Taylor's Monkey.
Most of tho readers of the Sun havo
heard of Horace A. Taylor of Hudson,
Wisconsin, who was for some years con
sul at Marsailles, France. When Mr.
Taylor established the precedent of
resigning a foreign position, and retur
ned to his native land with his family,
he brought with him a small monkey
which had been purchased in France,
an affectionate little thing about as largo
as a small rag baby. It was placed in a
basket after arriving in New York, and
the family came through in a Pullman
sleeper. There being rules against the
transportation of live animals on Full
man cars, Mr. Taylor's people kept jim
under the seat in a small basket. The
first night the porter suspected that
there was something wrong in the bas
ket. On previous occasions he had found
that travelers had smuggled dogs under
the scat, and by making a fusslibout it
he usually got a fee fromtho owner of
the dog. It occurred to him to investi
gate tho basket. lie took hold of it,
raised the cover and something jumped
out. Tho colored man dropped
the basket and went bak to his place
with visions of a small child's face flying
about the car. He had seen the face of
the monkey in the dim light, and he
thought that somo orphan asylum had
lost a promising member, The monkey
ran through the car, attempting to find
his friend. Mr. Taylor heard the mon
key squeal and was satisfied that it had
escaped, so he got up, and attired in his
night cap, searched for the monkey.
There was a fat man in a breth adjoining
Mr. Taylor's, who had been snoring in
a loud tone of voice, and the snore sud
denly ceased. Mr. Taylor thought that
it mteht be possible that the monkey
was the cause of the pause, and he drew
tho curtains of the birth aside and look
ed in. The monkey was sitting on the
breast of the fat man, and the eyes of
the fat man were open and sticking out
far enough to hang a hat on. His face
was red i d pale by turns, and he was
evidently considerably worked up. Mr.
Taylor said: "Partner, I guess I will
take this monkey away." The man loo
ked at Mr. Taylor and said, 'Doctor, I
am satisfied that you mean kindly, j'ou
aro traing to make me believe that
there is a monkey here; but 1 have got
them, and I know it. Now, it there is
anything in your medicine case, give it
to me, but don't weste time trying to tell
mo that there is a monkey here," Mr.
Taylor tried lo reassure him, and tell
him that ho need not be alarmed about
his condition, and he reached up to
take the monkey off. The fat man
reached up and said, "Doc, just give
mo a littlo whisky and it will be all
right." Then, Mr. Taylor, who fel tsorry
for the man, put tho monkey back in its
basket, opened his valise and brought
out a bottle of brandy, such as all
republicans-bring from France on their
way home, and told the victim that ho
would fool better after taking it. The
man drank the brandy, rolled over and
went to sleep, nothing further was said
about tho monkey, and to this day that
tat man thinks that he had the narrowest
escape fromjim jams a man over had
in tho world. Peck's Sun.
In sinking pits In Bladen county, North
Carolina, workmen have eomcto massive walls
of stouc and cement at a great depth below
the ground. There is no record of any build
ing having been built there within a generation.
eight
Why the Kxprcas Trains of tho Sen Do
Not lny.
Since tho loss of the Cunard steamer
Oregon tho transatlantic steamship
companies having their western tor
minus in New York have been carefully
considering the enormous outlay requir
ed by the fast steamships, and trying to
solve the question whether these expresi
trains of the sea can be made to pay.
"To my mind," said a prominent
member of the maritime-exchange the
other day, "it is impossible to get even
on these greyhounds, let alone making
anything out of thorn. Tho first cost
of a steamer like tho Oregon can be
counted in round numbers at $1,000,000.
The increase in cost, however, is not
the only thing to be considered. The
expense of running these enormous
ships is also increased. To man one of
them requires a crew of much greater
numbers in proportion than is necessary
to navigate a vessel, say, of 5,000 tons
burden. Besides this they burn more
than 300 tons of coal daily, which is an
important item, not only on account of
its cost, but because of tho room neces
sary for the coal-bunkers, which might
be more profitably used for tho storing
of freight. Another requisite for suc
cess is that the engines shall be of very
high power. This means enormous size,
and must necessitate further contrac
tion of hold space in order that the
machinery may be accommodated. Fi
nanally, these fast steamers must ol
necessity be laid up during the winter
months, or if run at all must be run at
a loss. Does it pay, then, to build
these steamships because thoy will make
the trip between New York and Queens
town in a little over six days, when ves
sels costing very much less to build and
at least one third less to maintain will
make the voyage in less than
days? 1 think not.
"If, as has been the case occasionally
with some of the fast ships now run
ning, five or six hundred saloon passen
gers could be carried every trip, then
these vessels would yield a handsome
profit to their owners, but this is impos
sible. Tho steamship companies have
been engaged in an experimental solu
tion of this problem since 18S2, when
the Alaska and Arizona made their phe
nomenal fast trips. Several of them
waged their existence on the belief that
fast ships could be made to pay. What
is the result? The Inman line lost the
City of Home, which is now run by tho
Anchor line, and Williams & Guion,
the pioneers in tho fast sailing service,
came to grief, and were also compelled
to let go of their pride, the Oregon,
which was purchased by the Cunard
company, and now lies at the bottom of
the deep, a martyr to this insatiable de
sire for speed on the ocean. The fast
steamers of the North German Lloyd
and Cunard steamers may pay running
expenses, but I doubt it." The nearest
approach to succoss in this particular
is perhaps the America, of the National
line. Being of a yacht model she burns
very little coal, and is run at compara
tively small cosj. But while she is
classed among the speedy vessels, she
can hardly be said to belong to the big
ones. As it is, she can not bo run to
any advantage in the winter months.
Her capacity for freight is very limited,
and unless she carries a fine' comple
ment of passengers, for which trade
she was built, she must make the voy
age only at a loss. When this question
is fairly settled L believe it will be found
that those vessels that make tho trip be
tween the old world and tho new in
about eight days will be found to be the
most profitable. As a rule they burn
less than two hundred tons of coal in a
dajT, and can carry comfortably three
hundred passengers. This problem has
considerable interest for tho traveling
public, but 1 believe it will soon bo an
accepted fact that what tho larger and
swifter vessels gain in speed and capac
ity is dono at too great an expense,
which expense the traveling public
must eventually pay." Cor. Boston
Advertiser:
Alight Have Been Worse.
Esthetic Young lady "Can you
conceive of anything more sombrely
and poetically solomn than tho denoue
ment of Romeo and Juliet? Could tho
poet havo made their fate moro weirdly
tragic?"
Cynical Bachelor "Oh, yes; he might
havo married them." Th&IIatcheL
rlimsmsy

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