Newspaper Page Text
1 Hip "& - -v -w '
Vk fr a
,1 L-tt rm
k -' ft
fcmmaitiiyM' im wu i pi affcgfcr-aaags
1 1 CO P"R TB,tt.
1. W. I.ipo, . liuoltttos Iaaufcr.
VlXil .I T.. J X.,1, 1
Itf.tas of AdvnrtlBlng.
f) 'O Mqn-iie, Imi Inset lin 1r, ?1 ftO
f i 1 1 c tlit unci i inn uml 7"i renin fur
p u li ttHhm iiiil iiimpiI mi.
'me Hqiinii' j 6
'I ni tinmi' II
1 lircp Mitittres . . 17
1 inir Kiiinri 28
1 up wiitin ... 8)
On. fourth lolumti .. 35
One-half piilmni W)
One column . 7fi
Tirnlvn nml nnn-linlf tm
tu the ahoio rates for doeV
All nilwi tlwnlpntH will l)eCI
wniPiitfl wilT uehvit
bv tlio Kiuinro unlem contract ie mude
liy tlio iiuuitli r year.
''-ttanehtn(p4?JSbviWiitlji, nl.tl0.45 a.
,n anii"7::w"prniFvJainaiii muioaiai
oinn it. in. Jtegnlur jtrujor meeting
1'hurwiay oveninas tt ...TO p. in. l onutx
people's prayer meeting eror Habhatu
nt li 15 p. m. Hev. J. W. Serogn, Pas-
METHODIST Kril'COl'At- IIIUBCIC MOUTH.
Pronililns on tlio first, third nml
. finirtli Babbaths nt 11 a. in., nml ever,
1 r-abbatli-at 7 n. ir.- 1'raVur inpHK
iy nt 7 p. m.
5. O. Shanks, Pa-tui in tin
C J IMlSHBYTKRIAX CIIU1
V florvlees ovcrv scemid Sol
! M n. Church, at 11 a.m.
chool every Sabbath at 10 am.
Sabbath at (lie
... ml 7 t In
-in 1.. unit;.!, nv .. ill ..' ,-
iltcv. Win. P. llauurlli, Pastor.
f Railroad Tlmo Tablon.
No. 152, Tomu, St. Louis nnd
Hannibal oxprcns 10:14 p.m.
In. 151, Texas, Kunsas anil
Missouri express 13: 15 p.m.
No. Ml, Hannibal, 8t. Louts
and Tpxiib express. .' AtVl a. m.
No. 163, MiMouri, Kansas and
Texas express 12-15 p. in.
V. I. Duenna, Arjuut.
ST. LOUIS & BAK rllAJH UKX-
Paflscneur, onst. . .M? $
la f iiBUIV, iivb. . --
II J l"p.giii, ftul -vu. '"
V MrmM, Wr- :rrr . .
T riiBBViiguriiul frnli f , nr
'UHKQllI'Or. WOSl 1'' "'
1-lfi n. m
rauoouRor auu irciKnii v
H. H. KiMti
-.Hint Uiink 01 oystw 7
WhV moil in for lemon lo and pop
When pancaken loom in iew7
Don't Bparoiilm bout aiparaim7
?:ui't miiKlimoin dlsifmnt tfreenft?
i3on't nioilleil RTousolay out romed bet f
Aim quaM ueai poncanu neaiiKf
You hot they do. and parlor tiro
Are better far bv rooilB.
Than rod ants nn your trouser logs,
" Atfli nlrg In the woods.
And vjith th lamp turned oafelydown.
Your ji I iiiou vortr knne,
Is Jniieh abend of moonlight hujis,
Or(ikiBe 'n en tli a tree.
. Ont Olf Qazette.
O pool truo yon muoly do
I)3acrilie ofetrtlj- bltegvtlio sum,
Mp wjiiil. wnnl.iiwMUfltahLllil.tfifi
Sweet iib that parlor ldgsyumkyum.
Willi arms ontwlnod, nn noli divined
A BiPoterhoavei)lier thing
Till fitliorlvlicAff made near tho roof,
And left n naBtnjiur atlnj.
A little child dffWht. I
, Boatlv'B died
on Wednewlav uvifalng.
Major Una a id bin brother Jacob
TJpo, apant last Sunday in Vinlla.
Tho bovB hnvo a roo1 joloon II113I1
Carroll. Tor .particulars aak Joo
Tlio beat Plowa nindo will Jo
nt Rpymonil & Co.'s Fobiunrv fet,
Nowfitockof lloota and 8boc and
Itubbar gnoJs nt Oreon'a this nook.
Just in tlmo for the cold and muddy
Died, on last Sunday morning, af
ter an illneag of tlrte weeks, tio wife
of Cap Hicks, living in tho western
If you want a fino upMglu
or Grnnil Square rirlr 9BfH.
rtt adtfrcfls WJj( Owon, Jiifflm, SJ.
I Rton evOUisJ Dpnty
a', 11M famVy woa in
V 8. Marana', ind rami'y woa in
VMiUa Monday on tlio1 way touianrv
vll'e Texas, win 0 they will nm'.u
the1' homo. They j-ad fonuev,y KcJ
in l't Smith AikansaB.
-Papt. L.W. Marks, Deputy U. 8.
JlarHha', was In the city the foio part
. oflftpweek. Iiotrlnt after wilneaes
nii'l invonligattn&In the murdor case
j, f 1. sore Taylor andJolii Smith,
rthi Eictlon at liluelacket station.
- Rco W. S. WpIIh, or adlros
icpfcUTi planft, o-fljen, or tnUBiottl IS
-" liiliiment of auyjiind. , 17-tf
tt1C ,jaf.o'i. I) F. QvVton, viovomo- of
(' iJjuf' 1 if Ni-rlon. was in tlio ciiy on
(M -atu'lnv aid Sujd i-, Tlio Govemor
Jki'liA'1' nn b'HWjyr InpVHtir.ijjtou, but ho
VVffpiipob) Pt. Sjnlth bolw.nir a wit-
s nJf iiein in the Slauupler ease. Slaughto
Jciilo I Win. WillR In lrffO.
irt' -Nr WnLIdlHtiaeworUi, Junior ed-
yi ill 9 i.f t lut llw miMti .. If ,. !.. t
) ui Jjf f tho Ohih
"k f 'Tuning f
fl mi, h TuX.18,
$ ''IjiM-ru.v. Ho
WHiariaiJi, luivi'll lllvu 01UI1-
for nn extunded visit
in tbo Intorcut 'of the
vttJUMuit friomlH and rulativea in
V'uf 0 ntw year w ushered In most
,l'T to tho family o'Andv J. Tvr.n
amllif on J)utk fr?1. i Delaware
4irp. - " MHUJf UlUOinol live biuu-
ariifi'i-8 was Blanili ith back to tlio
&cq vhen liaViUeai auaht, burulng
toV. ..awiougiy ghoi d after adioad-
1 nlh'rlngf ono Wfetk.
k?1 Tho VreaUirn Cottnae Oru is
bpst. For varl. ty in eonibina
rt brillianoY. awootnoss and
?mW.', nnu power et lone, and
Jnfc1 111(1 (IohIl'118 of OBfoa It mi-nm.
if " " -- 1
rl!.ll ai .... li 11 ...u J... 1
It is sold iid wai
" t e n
.,V 1' Owi
ve ir inyourhoU'C,
cd Jo.lin, Mo
W.Vl w V
-Married, it 1mU, T)fcrjiUr li,
1W, by the Kpt. Wbi. Y. Hiw-irth,
M- lnvtd P. l -I i.l.y to MIm lUbo
rs Kykor, NHb of Minonrl. t to a1-
Hpo fr nn 'hi UviMK o iplfl '-UIc that
thtjr art doing well.
MrHil, Dois SJth ult., nt tlio roil-
diie of Claud Oo.v, wwt of Vlnltn,
Mi. Oporg 8. Walker to MIm Mollte
Thpro eocme to bf qtilto A.ntTlfo bo
twepn the aerntu of tlic illswou 1 Pa
eilli anil Trlsco ra riwdn at thlplru.
Mr. W. H. Hotclior, of tlio MUcoul
Parlllp, wont up to Phw ib, Kancas,
on Patimlry con,ng to viBlt hlii xiro
and famll' , and whllp thuro van
BoniMl with a bnun "lu. fi'r! baby. On
the mo'-iiftig of the 0th, Mr. 11. II. Ed
tmondoon, of the lfrieo wna alo pre
scntwl with n lino daughter, wldch
weighed nine pouinls.
xfik oJsrSw'Iwui'w through Dola
wtttlr1w f nights ai. Its
twfUilAjiowrwM uiunuwn until the
neat uwi-olflf;. Tlio light revealed tho
fltartllng fct that a box houw ttuatcd
near tho railroad, two or llirco 1111101
wost of Prairio City, lay acalteriMl all
tuouml 011 the npun prairie In a ntato
of utter cIimor; and tho BtraiigCHt part
of tho matter is, that an ax was used
rry tnj yelono In Iho demolishing of
said buHUjiig. Truth and facts are
eurtainly stronger thou Uctiou. ifb
other damage dono to any other prop
erty a far as yet known. Tho house
was In litigation and the argument
was too lively between tho logs, they
FARM rOIl SILK.
Oio mile eat of Vlnltn, tho most
definable improvoumnt in thin bection.
Kljbty aoraa umlcr cultivation and
throe hundred mid fifty unci or feuce.
WHI be Bold for one half what has been
iuvQfttud. l'miulrt! of
18-tf A.O. Katmond,
ToUioMeaibcrsofllie Chcrokco Stoc'w
You are hereby notified that thoro
will bo a regular meeting of the Chcro
fc Xm1 SfafeSuucii'H Proti'Ctivo
id$!0eteMtve dfsgRation, held at
iHtuW) h day of 1'cbru-
fltolnnvrA are reuuestod
te bo In atleiiilunco as there Is impor
tant biiBinonB to Ixj atteiuieil to.
J. O. Hall, I.. 15. Hkll,
WEiR PLOWS !
AJwrtyfl kcoping in view the best
intoroAla of tho Panning commun
ity, by offering lie best good? made,
w fill on February lut, 185,
hnvVin block a full lino of tlio re
nowiotl WSIE PLOWS, which
no equal. All should contu't
bcHl interest by jottinj; tho
at nricus thai defy compeli-
40 A. C. Raymond & Co,
JikftocJuncu JJcellni nLTopoya.
Wo soo by tho Commonicealth
that a Bpecinl mooting of stockmon
belinging to tho Stockmen's Asso
ciation of the Chcrokeo Strip, was
heW in Topeka on ilonday. M.
II, Bennett was olected chairman
prj teni., and after a freo and full
clfocusbion of tho order issued by
the Commissioner of Indian aiVairs
removing all improvements from
tho strip, on motion Hon. B. M.
Ilewins and Maj. A. Dranun wcro
appointed to watt upon tho Secre
tary of tho Interior and request a
thorough investigation of tho in
tentions of tho otockmon in erect
ing inelosurea and niakii'g tho nu
proVumonta complained of. Also,
to request a suspension ot tho ox
cution of tlio order until tho inves
Tho meeting adopted tho follow
ing nreaiiiblo and resolutions :
t Wiikkcas, Wo havo an associa
tion known as tJjoCherokeo Strip
ttieruberp own! over nlfioty percent,
of ail Ht $took gewyjd uiion tho
Ob. - -V jtrfn, KiflTari U'erritovy,
and uli tliflifultics herctoforo aris
ing between members of this asso
ciation havo boon amicably settled
by tbcmHolvcB, nnd
Wueiiks, Wo; as stockmon of
tho Indian Territory, claim no
right whatovor in said Territory,
only us guanmtcod us by virtue of
payirrg a grazing tax on stock to
tlio Chcrokeo Nution : therefore, bo
it ' '
Resolved, That wo would re
spectfully request tho Secretary of
tho Interior to mako a full mid
ooiiiplelo investigation of the intor
eat and mirnoscB of tho stunk men
oujon thVlChcrokoo strip in tho In-
Jim njveuTEntrurihor 1 ran trrfiTnt
mly piBteet iheir slock from tres
lassirfg upon tho ranges of thoir
Resolved, That wo aro opposed
any company or individual mon
bollzlng any part onthoTorritory
Oat inlringos upon tho rights of
Uy person or persons that havo
pvd tho grazing lax upon thoir
wjtlo and havo grazing ground al
ltnod and set apart for Uio benoflt
ofllio cnttlo upon which said tax
hoi been paid.
Wilvod, That wo unanimous.
Iy unapprove of tho Standard Oil
ooilimuy or any other corporation
or (iinpany of individuals, in fonc
inuup the grounds known as tbn
"q artuititio grounds," said
gr inds having been got anart by
tin atttociation, by and with tho
coifaomt of the Cherokoo nuthori-
t'el, lor tho benefit and uso of jico
Jildor peraons driving cnttlo lrom
i'eiia and othnr points for ship
ment. ,'lsolYlj Thai wo, as mombors
of tllfu association, will uao our lit
mOblwjjloav'or to prevent all tres
pafiengyipfin tho timber lands of
jhd Ckerekec Bvlrin by whoiiiHoover
it inaj Co. We tfo also insist upon
all pchojis holding stock upon tho
Cheroletj strip preserving order
ai.l if tly ivibmiltiiig to all the
li vs rp Jicii-iiina ol the l;o-voJ",
l nig iju. r of il i.iin t
" ,--- .- A7--...
Jmm v rw
p' m "i v-iviww - uiigil'llllMl A
tVWHflXfttfUIIAlVIWMn.MHfttf AMHtll LllfMIVfl lhv IV IIMMMWMwn
TIIK CMCltOKEC 01'TI.CT.
15ns. CniKPTAi.v Tho undor
signed rtspoclfnlly begs leave to
ropronont thut the controversy now
ponding between Chorokeca and
U. S. citizens grtuing cattle nnd
other Btork on what is known as
ho ''Cherokoo Outlet," has grewn
out of fencing pasture lands in that
Thoir right to erect such fencing
being toiorntod by their own Gov
ernment, and many such fences
hnviug already been built, and
successfully paetured; aiding great
ly Iho collection of tho now ixmh
reduced) (ax, compelling such as
graze to roport moro conectly the
number and 1 ind of btock when
ptislui r.;, under the pntronngo of
ChoioVofcK, thcrohy lessening tho
trouble of the Treasurer in hia du
ties in colleckins such revenues,
besides lnni j olbcr advantages
snob ontoip.iso piOwCnts and nf-
TdTUlvno say nothing of our right
16 do bo under our treaty of 1SGC.
The treaty provision is explicit
and gives the U. S. Government
tho privilege of settling friendly
Indians on tho lands of Iho Outlet.
Thoy to take tho lands in compact
form of 160 ncrc to tho head, the
price to bo fixed by tho parties in
intercut, and in case of disagree
ment tho President of tho U. S.
to fix the price. Tlio Chcrokcos
to retain possession of and juris
diction over the unoccupied and
unsold lands. It is asked, if it
ft'as not presumed Chcrokccs would
Bettlo on thoc lands and utilize
them, why it should restrict set
tlement on them to friendly In
dians? Now is it urged by thohe
that arc making tho greatest com
plaint, of tho fencing of Tcrrltary
within the Outlet, that huch fenc
ing is interfering with rights and
privileges for which they havo
paid tho Treasurer of whom not
more than one out of six hare paid
for such privileges.
Stockmen that have paid for
grazing as a goncral thing mako no
complaint oven when included in
stick pasture. It is only a few
stockmen combined with such set
tlors along tho line as havo for
years stripped tho country of not
only the"BTass, stono, Buffalo bones,
but the timber Unit arc applying for
remedy, when thoy find their sup
plies arb about to lo cut off. Is it
a clam following duch illicit traffic
or is it tho citizens of its own Coun
try, whoso rights liavo been here
tofore grudgingly dod out to them
that tho U. S. Government pro
poses to protect? Sco Chapter 12,
Vtticlo, Conrpilod J.awsiof tho
'"-- - ,
Pliot-ftl.. VM,'n ?.. -f 4.
"Tax on stock grazing upon Chor-
okco lanus west ot tno yutn meri
dian." Question, Is a U. S. citi
zen an intruder agreeablo to tho
27th articlo of the Treaty of July
10th, A. D., 1SGG, with tho U. S.,
if ho has in his possession a Graz
ing Liccnso for 12 months issued
by tho Treasurer of the Cherokee
Havo tho Solicitors furnished
during any time, to tho Principal
Chief, a completo and full list of
all persons residing or being on
tho lands west of 90 , in violation
of lawfl, and has tho Principal
Chief roportod tho samo to the
proper authority for removal?
Aro those men who havo 'a "graz
ing lieeiiBo" and hold receipts from
tho Treasurer of the Qherokeo Na
tion an injury to tho Nation, or is
it much to tho advantage of tho
Nation? Is itaorimo for a U. S.
citizen to lend his money to an In
dian? Instead of isolating tho In
dian ho should bo brought as much
as posfciblo in contact with whites
not with soldiors or with worth
loss trumps and vagabonds who
seek a rofugo in tho Nation but
with good practical men who are
willing to treat him right, and
comply with tho rules and regula
tiona of tho Country. Such men
could acquire a competence and
oven grow rich and bettor tho con
dition of tho Indian, without in
jury to either paKy.
In conclusion it may bo proper
to add what Hon. Commissioner
Prico has said in roforenco to tho
Clierokco Country West of the 90th
meridian went longitude Ho says
that "tho Chorokoes still havo as
the toaty provides, tho possession
and jurisdiction of all the lands ex
cept those axsignod as stated in
his report, and havo been, and are
now rccoiving rents from tho Enme.'
C S & STKpnr.Ns.
Tho abovo piece written by Mr.
S. S. Stephens has been introduc
ed in tho Ojiikktain with a viow
to discussion of tho "Cherokue
Outlet" question, 801110 of tho
positions wo do not fully concur in
and will comment on in part leav
ing tho fullor discussion of tho mat
ter for our next issuo.
Tho present troublo as wo un
derstand it, has grown not out of
fencing pasture lands an Mr. Sto
pheus seems to think, but of fenc
ing in the rango of those who havo
paid tlio tax and been assigned a
certain rango. This was tho cato
with Mr Biott who made tho coin
uut tu the LaJjuu OPu nnd
10111 tbe uri'.or of rutin' -
lo fillet? in a nun'
against bin will wlo lias paid f
and hits been astifnod to a certain
rango can hardly bo justified on
the score of fencing out others who
unfairly use the range. As to the
Solicitors furnishing the Principal
Chief n licit of intruders west of
90 , it is proper to slate tho
Treasurer, Hon. D. W. Llpc, was
the proper one to report delin
quents and did so to General Mc
Neil. Wongreo with Mr. Stephens
in the rights of tho Chcrokccn
west of 00. Relievo that thoy
have an much right there as here
until the lr.nd is "sold and occu
pied" as tho treaty provides, for
the words of the treaty are, that
tlio Cherokee Nation shall rcVain
";iocion cno jurisdiction."
What possession, in the mcaiilimo
can amount to unless wo hive the.
right of ubc, mortal mnn knowiu.L'
... 11. .a .1 8l.i -r ... 1 Ln"
iiuu jiuk mc nfci'i .11 use id liun-
ed is acknowledged in allowing ui
to eraze rjtttln thnro nr nllnw nth
crs to do so nnd a distinction )t
. il '
made between using with a
and using without a fence
possession conveys this dlsuncti 1
we cannot divine.
TUT (.'IICTlOKEi: SCHOOLS.-
Omen of RoAnn of Edcc; rid
TAni.KQUAU, C. N., Jan. 13Ui "Sia
l.Vi. ...... r mi Jl
'xiiuil Ul 11IL.V. Ulltr lAl.li- -a 1 ti
following schools have failed 16
mako tho lawful average rrijj" a A;
discontinued : "Gravel' D3ll'
Flint District: "Fairfieid.t
"Clearwater" nnd "Pincy," Going
dtiako: "Bryartom1' and "Budl
liorn," Canadian : "Skin Bayou'
or "Sequoyah," Sequoyah : "Sl
lina," Coo'cc5coowco : "Duck
Creekt" "Delaware Tom" nnd
"Neosho River," Delaware Dis
The following schoola have been
cstabllB.ed, "Doublo SpriSF1
Flint District: "Sanders," luul
"Oaks," Going Snako: Ppr
utna," Canadian: "Shiloh,"'c
quoyah : "Clarcmoro," Coowois
cooweo : "Willow Springs," Del
aware. Schools to bo established,
Uolawaro District two c1ioo1h; Go
ins Snako one school, Canadian
one Echool. Petitions from tljcso
tbreo Districts aro in order. Some
ono of tho petition should qualify
to tho facts as ret forth in the Jtctf
tion so tho Board of Bdtication'can
act thereon with certainty. Peti
tions with all tho names fiigncd by
ono person and with no ono certi
fying to tho statement contained in
the potition do not deserve and do
not receive the same conpidcralidns
as ) those with gomiilio ciK,8iiow-Cf8y for ona tp mislcao, ,Uio.
.? TTorirfifld in. .
Tho following appointments
been made for tho ensuing
Charlotte Whitmiro, "Sanders,"
J. D. Wilson, "Doublo Springs,!'
Liln Wilson, "Oaks," G.'S, -
Lunny Duncan, "Starrs Chape,l,"
G. 8. J
Mary Laslie, "Porums Gap,"
Mr. L. G. Ross, "Meridian,''
Miss Joanna Rogers, "Siycct
Spring," Illinois. Ic
J. J. Cabell, "Shiloh," Sequo
yah. Lizzio Duncan, "Camp Creek,"
John II. Ross, "Requah,"Sa)ine.
John Butler, "Flat Rock,'rCoo
wecscoowco. Amanda Smith, "Clarcmoro,"
E. J. Daughters, "Vinita," Coo
wcescoowco. Chas. Reeves, "Rogers," Coo
Carrio Armstrong, "Willow
John J. Hayden, "Mitchell
ThcBo appointees and all others
proposing to continue according to
tho tenor of their appointments
will obligo the Board of Education
by EtvndiuK a postal card seating
Uiefr i$r3w and tfftSj?(BlBT
Books and school material will
bo given out on tho threo days pro
ceeding school, that is on Feb
ruary 8lh, 9th and lOlh, not before
and not aftor. All teachers must
bo present cither in porson nr by
personal representative to rcecivo
school materiul which.tho Jloard
of Education wishes to issuo.
Tho Malo and Fernalo Seminar
icfl will open on tho 12th of Feb
ruary, 1883, with a full corps of
teachers and well prepared to caro
for tho children of tho Chcrokeo
All boarders will como with nto
ossary bedding, towclB, etc., with
clothing all marked plrinly.
Board is $5.00 por month and must
bo paid in ndvanco. Pajjmtrf ar
especially requested fopjjjifr sko
of thoir children to BeiuUthatii in
promptly on tho tad)gup of
school. If linliind HinTf-CHrr.f will 1
, ....... ...... ,... , .....
havo to bo claBslfiqd cm? a. lower
grade than th4lf Ab.ala'rsiiip would
U. L. iUxvji,
.i'J - tjiM.MiS,L( - M - t - 'y -
u F10.H I.K.iirMXJ CUKKK.
Jrm. CiiiKir.is: Plenno allow
niOT'ipato in your valuable paper
for'a few words only.
f'uch has been said and written
te years concerning the eduea
uciu, nnd the civilUntion of the
Aliiorican Indian Many have ex
pjessed their viow s, and planned
a It were measures, if adopted,
rbuld havo accomplished this or
tliat for the Indian. Now we do
ipt fall out with any ne whose
opinions are different from ours,
m wc do condemn tlipso who pre
tend to inform the public concern
Hig tho affairs of tho Territory,
Uho know nothing of what they
write. Many a correspondent in
pur opinion, who aro green, inex
perienced hands In writing for a
puper select as their Rubjcct to
commence upon, something that
as happened in tho Indian Terri-
I ry. As a Nation of free think-
"wlfi , ,. .1.. .,., i.: 1 ... 1. ..
" u "v " 'g " wwng au
eu occasionally, xiui When
are advcrllsed, it is nothing
u im than justico for us lo ask tho
artiscr to advertise nothing but
'l.i truta. "Right is right, and
'm.ut will wrong no man," Is
1 fcxitu which certain correspon
dents outside of tho li. 1. T. bUouUI
cjver remember. Not very long
bluco a correspondent of the Kan
saetCity Timet, had considerable
to say concerning certain matters
1 in our Nation. Now wc acknowl
edge our incompetency to tako is
sue with such a paper as tho Kan
sas City Timfs. But it seems to
us it cither has a very green cor
respondent or it docs not caro a
cent what it says. Wo believe
though it would as toon tell an un
truth as aV.falsehood. But aside
from tho Kansas City Times, and
its correspondent who lacks horse
sense, there are others of like faino
published near the border of the
B. I. T. Do not misunderstand
us. There aro papers near hero
which try to say only what is truej
nnd stick to it. But some of them
mako wide mistakes by not being
properly informed. As a Nation
only in our infancy, young, pros
perous, and wido-awako to our own
interests, it is but natural and
right for us, as the world knows,
to defend our own rights and bco
that wo are not imposed upon by
"jack-leg" newspaper correspond
ents, and those who writo only for
pastimh to hear their pens scratel
and heads "rattle. And in this
mattor of justice, wo only ask jus
tico which is duo tho living as well
as tho dead. Tho newspapers are
tho great educators of tho day, and
1. . ......
iiuouc luiiio acoui a matter WHICH
might bo of vital importanco to us
as a Nation. If tho nowepapors
throughout Amorica will givo us
justice and state facts as they aro,
the day will not bo far distant
when our proudest exclamation
will bo, wo are Chcrokecs I
Offlooeftlio Hoard or Education, Tab.
Icquab, C. N., January 4th, 188U.
According to Sco. 23, Chapter 10
of the Revised Codo of tho Laws of
tho Cherokee Nation tho duties of
the Directors of tlio Primary
Schools aro as follows :
1st. To manage and control the
School proporty, and see that pro
vision is made for taking care of
school books and other school ma
terial. 2d. To locate tho houso in tho
neighborhood and superintend its
erection and repairs.
3d. To suspend or expel pupils
for misconduct, to enforco the
courso of study, to visit tlio schools
at least twice during each torm, to
certify to tho length of time tho
teacher has taught, for tho inform
ation of tho Board of Education.
In addition to this direction of
tlio law the following ruleB aro
adopted by tho Board.
Rule I Director vill sco Uiat
rate BoHbOl is, provided oy Jho pat:
roue urUh a bookoa,o, lock and koy
according to Sec. 26, Chapter- X,
Revised Code, and that tho teach
er lakes caro of tho books and sta
tionary accordiug to that Sectiou,
and that the ttaehcrt carry out the
rule and regulations of las Board
as'ict Jorth in the accompanying rir
culur. Rule II. Directors are referred
lo the 31 Section of Chapter X, Re
vised Codo which forbidB tho chil
dren of non-citizens receiving in
struction in tho National Schools,
and are directed to enforce it as
long as it stands on tho Statute
Uui.k III. Directors are esjiecial'
ly enjoined to report any immorality,
or unprofessional conduct of the;
teacher, to tho Board.
Rule IV. Directors should bo
very careful in examining tho ag
gregate and avorago of uttomlanco
sin'' J upon these is based tho ex
t.jndlturo of tho schopl-fund.
Tho following rules nrid reg:ln
Hon urc idopled in noidynfo
fci' - t - jiiricilliiii'li www m.-man
with bee. 5, Chap. X, Rivtee
Cdo, fur tlir fnnPiAtrtrnt of tin
1'rimnfy Pti.'ioN. Tc.ul.ors iii'
givo mem careful atttntum. l'ot-' ' 1
ono circular in school room, an.
givo oaeh Director ono.
Rule I. Teachers aio requiret'
to keep a njcinlor showing tin
name, ngv, sex, attendance, Ian
guage and scholarship of nil pupili
who may enter their rospectlv.
schools nnd, under oath, the aver
ago monthly nnd average and ag
gregnte term attendance.
Rule II. Averages shall bo bns
cd upon tho nttcudanco of tho chil
dren of citizens alone. To fim
monthly average' add togothor tli
daily attendance for the scholasti
month and divide by 20. To fim
term average add together tin
monthly averages and divide bj
the number of scholastic months
in tlio term. The ten aggregate is j
tho aggregate, enrollment for the
term. Tho monthly reports shall
bo carefully filled out and promptly
Rule III. School shall be open
ed with reading a selection from
tho B.blo and be taught six hours,
on each of Monday, Tuesday,
Wednesday, Thursday and Friday
of each week during the term pre
scribed by law, not including ro-
cesscB, between such seasonable
hours ns tho Directors may prc
scribo. No text books shall be
used in National schools except
those adopted by tho Hoard of Ed
ucation, nor any other branches
In Chcrokeo speaking schools,
ono entire hour morning and eve
ning shall be devoted to the teach
ing of common English words with
their meaning, to all Cherokoo
Rulu IV. Teachers will not be
required to receivo into their
schools children under six nor per
sons over twenty-one years of ago,
nor allowed to confine a child Un
der twelve years of njyj to the
school room fur a longer period of
timo than one hour nnd a half.
Rule V. Teachers shall endeav
or, by precept and example, to in-
eulcate upon their schools the prin
ciples of truth, morality and jus
tico, and the habits of personal
cleanliness and gentcol deportment
in maimer and speech. These les
sons aro infinitely more important
than grammar. Tho text-book
"Good Morals nnd Gentle Man
nera" shall bo taught to the entire
school one-half hour daily. Ex-
plain fully to tho children, have
them tako notes nnd oxnmino them
each day on tho proceeding losson,
so as to cultivnto their memory as
to instil the lessons of this book.
. -Rule VI. Toaehera will .hold
pupils to strict account for disor
derly conduct during school hours
and recess, while at play and on
their way to and from school.
RuloVII. Disciplino of the
eohool shall consist of moral sail
sion, as far as practicable, but,
whon necessary, of corporal pun
ishment, suspension by the teach
er and expulsion by the Directors.
Rulo VIII. DrunJtcmtMi, pro
fanity, gambling and carrying un
lawful weapons are prohibited, and
if practiced by a teacher will lead
to the cancellation of his certificate,
or by a pupil to his expulsion from
Rulo IX. Tcachors will bo held
strictly responsible for all Echool
material delivered to their care.
They will seo that tbo books are
carefully used by pupils and not
carried off by pupils or others, but
safely locked up each evening at
closo of school, at the closo of tho
term the teacher shall placo the
books etc., In chargo of ono of the
directors taking his itemized re
ceipt therefor. If tho law requir
ing book caso 4c, (soo Gee. 20,
Chap. X.) is not complied with,
the' teacher shall promptly notify
tho Board of Education.
X. Teachers Shall not exchange
schools, nor excopting in caso of
temporary illness or some extraor
dinary emergency employ substi
tutes, unless by special permission
of the Board of Education.
Teachers besido tho ordinary
toxt-bookB now adopted for ubo in
tho common schools will ba exam
ined in Ogden's "Art of Teaching"
which can bo sacured of Van Ant
werp Bragg and Co., Clncinnatti,
Ohio. Tho cost of tho volume Is,
including postage, 81.17.
Very truly and respectfully,
R. L. Owkn, W. A. Duncam,
Aa Act to I'reTcnt Monopoly of tbe rb.
WnKitBAS, tho Constitution de
cl:ucihut tho lands of the Chero
kee Nation shall remain common
proporty, and that tho National
Council shall havo power o adopt
suc)i laws and regulations .as its
wisdom may deem expediout and
'proper to prevent citizens from
imonopolizing improveiuonls with
tho view of speculation, and
Wu-uA8,,tho iuclosure of largo
bodies of land for whatever pur
poso is yiolnlivo of tho paramount
ownership of tho pcoplo in tho
common property of the Nation,
and calls for the exercise of tho
'pont'r invested in tho National
, (.'(HUJfll to ndoj t fill, b ln inid
SrtlJations as it ni.iv n-m proiei
' to jjfuvoilt cilizeiiH from moiiopo-
ulag iinirovouionui, tueroioro,
8$ it enacted by the National
Cetjgftfii', That ell inalosurcs of the
Ianij8 of tho Cherokoo Nation by
vil or whether barbed or plain,
irdXposts wood or iron, tho said
injcrinl having been at no tihio
sffguizod ns constituting a lawful
net in tho Cherokee Nation, or
n instituting any part of nn im
ircfveniont under tho constitution
ng, hereby declared to bo unlaw
i If and when such incloses exist,
Cfjwncrs or claimants of tho wiro
.dAiosts used fu making such in
Mures aro required to remove
o samo within ninety days after
ie passngo of this act, or it shall
o the duty ofthoShoriff of tho
District, wherein such fencing may
bo found, to removo it, nnd to sell
so much thereof as may bo requir
ed to cover tho costs of such re
moval, aftor giving further notice
of tho timo and placo of sale in
three successive Ibsucs of tho Cher
licit further enacted that from
and aftor tho passage of this net it
shall not bo lawful for-any- person
to hold, for tho purposo of grazing
a greater quantity of laud than fif
ty acres attached to tho farm own
ed nnd occupied by such person,
hobeing a citizen of the Cherokee
Bt it further enacted, That in caso
any farm is or shall bo inclosed by
wiro and wood or iron pos.ts, such
fenco shall bo lawful when con
structed as follows, to-wit :
Wooden posts not less than so
en feet long, six inches in diame
ter, firmly sot in tho ground two
feet ono wire four inches from
tho ground, next, ono board one
by six inches, four inches bee
first wire; not second wire four in
chea njwvo first board, not third
wiro fifteen Inches abovo second
wiro; second board, ono by six or
eight inched, eighteen inches abovo
third wire; said wires to Uo fully
stretched and scctirely faBtened to
the posts, and the boards to bo bc
curoly nailod to tho posts.
Approved Dec 9th, 1882.
By tho Principal Chief:
John L. Ad.uu,
Ast. Executivo Secretary.
D. W. BUSHYHEAD,
Tho ninety days, for which the
abovo Penal ActhaB to bo publish
ed before it becomes a law, will ox
piro March 27, 1S83.
Curiosities of Earth.
At tho city of Medina, in Italy,
and -about four miJM-nrouncr-jiti
wnorcvor tho earth is dug, whon
tho workmen nrrivo at a distance
of 03 fcot, thoy como lo a bed of
chalk, which thoy bore with an
augor, fivo foot doop. They then
withdraw from tho pit boforo tho
augor is removed, and upon its ex
traction tho water burnt up through
tlio aporturo with great violonco,
and quickly fills tho nowly made
well, which continues full and is
affected neither by rain nor drought
What is tho most romnrkablo in
this operation is tho layer of earth
as wo descend. At tho depth of
14 fcot are found tho ruins of an
ancient city, paved Htrccts, houses,
floors and, difforcnt pieces of ma
son work. Undc- this is found a
soft, oozy earth, mado up of vege
tables, and at 2G feet largo trees,
with tho walnuts sticking to tho
stem, and tho leaves and branches
in a perfect state of preservation.
At 28 feet deep a soft chalk is
found, mired with a vast quantity
of bIioIIb, and tho bed is 12 feet
thick. Under this vegetables aro
First Annual Annonnceont
VINITA, I. T.
This academy proposes to furnish a
thorough courso of practical Instruc
tion hero at home, and consequently
for less money than tho same advant
ages would cost If children were Bent
to the fitates. Tho building now being
erected will contain
ma ttciiooiv booms.
all large and admirably arranged, and
adapted to their special uso. Tho
school will open with
secured from tho eant, all of whom aro
tho very best to be had. ijpoclal rooms
and teachora aro provided for
KCSIC, IiaAWIKO AMD TAINTINO,
which tf H give as thowMKjh lulvantagoe
as can be secured aaywhere. There
wilt also bo a "
dcalgnod especially for young men
i .r.t. i.... f.ni,. . i ..in
take a limited amahcr of boarders. Aa
booh as erected a boarding establish
ment will be added. Tho first term
Immediately uftertho fair. The school
s backed by the American Howe Mis
sionary Soeipty.bnt is under tho fpe
clal control of the Hoard of Directors,
who are citizens of the CheroV.ee Na
tion. OIVI THK BCHfKM. A VM-fiti
befnTo Bonding your ckUdree etaewbere.
A, P. GootiYKOONT. Tree.
G."W, OaK, Treaa'-wrer.
. A. W. TiMBaAX. Secwlary.
7- 3k lUjll. Sii----l-unerJ
nixMi H0 itfgBtoi nwi inrwr
. . .
xah raAMfittftt mmw
villi ,..,...-...- -
lint lllinvTO ice '
V Lllll ,M
i'ven fo the Travel
-j 1 i
tsple and 1'ancy t
12 1 TKSI!
(jTttrs ariel Tebaeoo.
' 4i Saloon.
W. M. BRl
ill - Proprietor.
id out 2o ntis fcs
V IJ I T A, 1. T;
rj I -residence;.,
rnoy at Ia"w, -
CAKEY'S FK1.RY, I.
PHYSICIANS & 8TJBB0jrg.
VINITA, 1. T
1st. ?. Play ru -3,
PHYSICIAN AND SUflfiEOK,
VINITA, I. X.
Strict attontion to all caaei entrants
to my caro. 1-1
a". c zsr,
VIN1TA, I. T.,
Will Praclico Before Any of Uie
Courts of tho Nation. 11
TTttbrnly am) Ubirecilng Agent,
FOKT GIBSON, J. T. - ' ,
Particular attention given to elaiass.
By OHORQH W.
VINITA, - -
- - I. T.
I keep fine Tobaccos, Clflars, Nuts,
Candies and all kinds of tmk-naekd.
l'uro Applo Cider always e hand.
Call and gee mo whoa ypt ow to
G-. "W. -Emeirwou..
Chelsea and l
Keeps everything asaallyy
IB a general ater-i
PMOES AS LOW- AS ,AW
Jo. Sondheiirtr, j
Dealer la '
Furs and fecans,
MU8KOQ-W, I. T.
Buys for cash only, ind pay Uir. 'J
lliuuvqb III1VV. t-
On and All.
X have for Bala CiraRUot If mo
tion of tbe Klueteeath Century.
SIorh'b Oe-lebrated Six "Wlieel
that should o in vryliO'ae iu
the TJlted Ktata and TArrf'o'"
A 1 Thoy are fandso-.i t "4
able, sua one ee "win il1"
time. A eh do aaoTe jpe u-
e-ltte from oae pert ot plPU30.
a Qra-4 aeeae-lne-' 7
Sewlmr Maealae, )
I want ealeesaeB rrT 1
tov.-a aswlloeaUty la U yeek, I
will pay a If ''??
.. rA -l--l nniiM '.
mieete . w - - - . - --. ,
try taeeuewae.i. ',
For fartJier i-Swtfe-,
r. iiiuai t
peV, .. TV
I'rDMi law a cvwt, i5ri. Vv.
v.rt ay. Tho j j't 1:
, rt'i -r-" "
, - --H-'J).
"jfluuil.tli o. lout with a pleasure par'
r" ii - i. vi oil- Js
t upu licarwtiat
. tlJd f H .... I ...... . !.
--.-- .. j. u a rfw --.-r ii-
iiiinin .i mi .
''ll't.fcniw' v ."- -.-. ".
,m WM'-r. "T-i-"
. " 4 t- ??!'(. j-t -. - nr. . aa. . i u.