1 ' , 1
' v !l -
h i' i
r j i
I . GE
mE CHIEFTAIN i
Jir thcc-atme tfinllarkd mMfnre.
Hir Hie wronjt that neM icnUtamv.
I or the futttrf In tho ilb tancc,
rtttd tho irowl that we ran do
rubtlrhcil Kvcry Friday tjr tho
Indian Chieftain roni.iaiif.VD Co
The 1.n4 Host or 00 Heg. j demanded that thoy receive an nd
Muih confusion Of ilea has dill inal amount of ftrtn 97rt no
arisin about tho condm m of the. When tile coniuilttco finally agreed
i muc wesv oi mo uuui tieKreP, or to lliro UtnlH substantially, tfjcy
inmnu3 upon wmcli the Chero took tho ground that Under tho 1
treaty tho expense of survey, np.
prnisoment. Arc, should bo deduct
V. I. l!oi
J. . hi 1-lHHt
V1N1TA ,1. T..
DRO 7, 188.
Tlic National Council, although
within -I or five days of theclwo of
tho session as fix ml by tho Consti
tution, lus accomplished but lilt!
legislation and that or not dim h im
portancc. Among tho monsurcs
passed, if not the only ons, is a
bill to build court homes, one mak
ing appropriation for the jail and
'one removing tho court hniiio in
Falinc district to tho Sequoyah
ppring and that in Delaware dis
trict to tho Yellow Spring in Cow
Skin Prairie. The most important
bill pending U one in tho Council
in relation to introducing and graz-'
inu; stock in the Nation and one for
the appointment of a delegation to
Washington- A bill will be inlro
duurd into tho Sonato by Sir.
- f?rimhertoiiioorporato tho"Chor
okeo National IJailway" company
with authority to oonstruot and op
erate a railroad from a point on the
Arkansas line, noar Kort Smith via
Fort Gibson to tho northern line of
the Territory, somowhero in tho
valley of tho Arkansas river, with
n branch from tho main line of tho
railroad to Tohlcrjuah. Its pas
page ic doubtful, especirJly at this
Inte stogo of tho sohsIoii,-
Among tho positions to bo filled
and which arc more or lose sought
niter, are a superintendent each of
the two High school, throo mem
bora of tho Commissioner court on
Citizenship ond members of the
Delegation f whatever number
may bo designated by law. Sovoral
measures of importance to tho peo
ple, oepocially those relating to the
Mook and land interests of tho No
tion, will bo allowed to go by do-
fault, and that notwithstanding
they oloarly demand prompt and
sensible legislation to prevent the
abuse of tho ono and tho monopoly
of tho other. There will be in all
probably nn extra session.
Tuesday morning about 3 o'clock
Thomas Arnold, a handsome and
intelligent half-blood Cherokee,
was shot in tho body twice and in
Htnntly killed in his own honc in
tho hubuibs of the town, whoro
drinking and gambling wore in
dulged in to some extent. Ik-port
pays that there wore only throo por
sons in the houso ul the time Ar
nold, tho deceased, ottuinah
Vnnn ami Mitchell Squirrel. Tho
particulars are not fully kr.own but
it is supposed that both Vann and
Squirrel shot him. Vann reported
tho occurrence to tho Kheriff mid
r mainod about town unlit after
breakfait when he "left. It h said
that Arnold was also nibbed, but it
in not known upon what authority
tho Rtatomonl i made Vann is be
tween GO ami 70 yoars of ago and
has sustained a fair charaoter al
though of n haty ttmpor and
given occasionally to drins.
A report reaches horo this morn
ins, that Saturday night lnt as an
old man named Judge Noisy-Wiu
lor and threo other Cherokee wero
returning to their homos in tho Na
tion, from Siloani Spriius, Ark.,
along the public hithvay ,lhcy wire
halted by a party of meii concealed
hy the rond aide and nkcd "In
that you Zeko?" The reply imme
diately giv n was: "No' this is not
Zeke's party." Instantly they wro
fired ukhi a.id Noisy Water fell
dead with more than ono hundred
buck shotiodged in his body. The
other throo escaped but as" ono of
them has not been heard from, it is
fupposod ho too was killed. Tho
shouting is charged to one An
drews, who acts as posso for U. S.
Deputy Marshal Jont-s and a party
waylaying tho road for Zeko l'roo
tor against whom thoro may havo
been uehargo uf coinu kind.'NoUy
Water a$ an oid man, iuoflunsive
in character, who earned his liv
ijig by manual labor. Thero wa
no charge of any kind against him
and ho was unarmed, not having
bo muciiasapocKct Unite- The case
has produced no liHlo exi-iteincnt
and indignation among people of
rnirROP stoc; cattlkiok issi
Tlio indications now nro that
ptoek cattle will rulo high in the
spring. A largo area in the wes
U in part of tho Indian Territory
has been leased by tho various
tribes to ranchmen, oovoring lands
lint herotoforo used as a rango.
i uese are gencrauv Duing inclosod
with wire, and at least a hundrod
thousand head of cattlo will have
to bo purchased to stock thorn. In
tho eastern part of tho Nation the
1. gislaturo of several tiibes have
giantcd citizenship papors to a
largo number of persons with In
dian blood who havo never livod in
tho territory, and many of thewj
are preparing to stock largo ranges
Theso cuttle must come from Texas
Wo hear of a number of largo
ra'igeis in Now Mqxico having been
recently bought with tho view of
blocking fiom tho touth, requiring
fifty thousand or more, and titers
nro a fow largo rongus in tho ex
treme wcloru part of Texas not
yot fully stocked Wyomjng, Mon
tanaund Dakota want more cattle,
p It looks now as if tho demand
would more than cover ho supply.
Ilenco wi mny lonk for Utjlo, if
any, falling oil fiom lost year's
rrfii'S for rnngo cattlo. 'orthwei:
kecs in the treaty of 1WM agreed
that friendly Indians could be set
tled. The treaty guaranteed that
the Cherokee Nation should have
poseMon of and jurisdiction over
all that was not "mM nnd occu
pied" according to its terms.
These terms were in no instance
complied with, and nil the step3
token wore merely violent acta of
power, hy which the United Stales
protended to fix the price, and put
Indian tribes thurton and fijtedtheir
boundaries in violation ofita tortus
and without acquiring any rights
under its condition.
Tho lands occupied hy the
Osagos and Kaws wero not takon
in accordance with tho treaty or
they might have been held to bo
entitled to patent in equity. The
Cherokee authorities did accept
the amount ton years ago, and yot
no title had or could pass. Tho
tracts occupied by tho Tawnoos.
I'oncas, Noz l'orcofl, Otoos nnd
Miesouries wore tken without col
or of law, ho takas tho treaty was
concorned. Had the lands" boon
held by tho Chorokoos hy Indian
occupancy title, Congress might by
law have disposed of it. The
Unitod States, however, had undor
law iirst divested theso land of
Indian occupancy title, and then
convoyed for a consideration thoir
title to tho Cherokee Nation. It
was plain, therefore, that they
could not convoy them again. Tho
neutral lands and tho strip in Kan
sas had been ceded in trust to the
Unitod States tobo disposed of ac
cording to Iho terms of tho trust,
and the Supreme Court in the Hid
den vs. Joy case and other casos,
decided the Churokeo tillo to bo a,
feo uimplo titlo, and tho patent un
der tho trustee good. On Iho occa
sions tho Cherokee Council instruct
ud hor delegation to obtain, if pos
sible, tho -17.10 cents por acre for
tho whole. This was refused be
cause by tho teriiH of tho treaty
theChorokeeB could only bo paid
for lands that wore occupied. Tho
Governmon4, therefore, had with
out authority from tho owners fix
ed the price not of certain tracts
but the whole in a lump- Thoro
was no authority in treaty or law
for buying tho whole in a lump.
The government of tlm United
States put these tribes on the pick
ed tracts from 1875 to 1831, and
took no stops to pay for tho lands
in whole or in part.
In lt81, when tho Chorokees suf
fered from drouth, they naked Homo
relief out of the proceeds of these
land. Undor instructions of tho
Legislature, thoy askoduay for tho
whole, or at least 600,000. Tho
Committee, refused to buy tho
whuib, or ooneiuer themselves in
debted for any bijt tho occupied
portions. The President in ap
praising, without authority of
tho tronty, had fixed the prico of
the land occupied by tho Pawnees
at seventy conts. Calculating that,
and tho land on which thoy had
placed tho Poncas and Nez Pcreoa
at -I7.40 cents per aero, the rnto fix
ed for the six million nnd n half
ncrort, tho amount would havo
boen eMi'178.00. Tho Chcrokoc
delegation refused to recoivo such
a prico for the picked tract. Tho
committee had no powor to fix the
price, but from the ovidenco sub
mitted from tho department admit
tod that such amount was not
enough, but appropriated 800,000
which thoy assumod was not
more, but certainly leas than tho
occupied lands wore worth, lonv
ing tho romainderto bo sottlod by
a subsequent Congress. Under
thoso htops no title could pass.
In 1SS1, in nn earnest desire to
secure tillo to the Poncas, an nddi
tional appropriation on that tract
was made and paid of S-lS.ltSO 00.
This amount was invoated, but
there was no requirement togivo ti
tle. Theso were apj ropriations on
occupied hinds and entailed no oh
ligation. During the suuscmirnt
year the question of titlo, and who
could execute patents was thor
oughly diaetiBsed. The Onages
and Poncas demanded palnU, but
upnii tho attempt to do so it was
found that the United States could
not make patents. They had no
title. ThN was vory thoroughly
argued and determined in the de
partment and committeos.
At (he annual legislative session
ofl8S2 tho Chorokoe delegation
wero instructed to exocuto patents
on receiving suclj additional
amount as would make with what
had been received 81.25 for the four
occupied tracts west of the Arkan
sas river. This proposition hy tfa
Chrrokoo delegation was sent by
the Secretary to Congress, hut he
sent with it a long statement from
the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,
inditing that the Cherokoea ehould
not bo paid more than -17 cents per
aero and btating that at tint rste
the Nation had been overpaid $31,
505.70, nnd in tho paper ho held
that thoy could not in law or equity
bo paid for any hut the occupied
cd, and for thU reason offered n bai
anco of S300,(XX), conditioned to tho
execution of deeds and included a
deed for'Ojugos, about tho price of
which thoro had been no objection.
The Act passed March 3, 1S33,
authorized such a contract and the
passage of deeds. On an examina
tion it was found, first, that tho act
of tho Chorokoo Nation did not
authorize .a deed to tho Owges,
which the act of Congress required,
and further that as the act did not
specify expenses of survey, al
though the treaty did, and as the
Chorokoo act required $1.25 per
acre, a deed so executed might bo
in oxcess of their authority and in
validate tho deed, as tho amount
paid was a little less than $1.25
To moot theso difficulties a special
session was called, and tho dole
gallon authorized on tho receipt of
tho additional 8300,000 to oxecuto
tho deeds. In tbii way the trans
action was a compact between the
Cherokee Nation and tho Unitod
States, which was not finally exe
cuted and completed until the
deeds wero signed, the money paid
into tho treasury and tho deeds do
livoro 1. The commissioner was
ovorrulod by Congress. As tho
constitution of tho Unitod Stntca
ond tho rules of both housos forbid
appropriations of public money
save when they are due, and as the
only modo of estimating is in the
annual estimates of tlio treasury
department or n communication
from tho head of a department,
the bill when pending in Congress
was officially sent to the depart
ment of the Interior, which sent
hack its letter or estimate that if
they would not buy the whole body,
hut only toko the picked tracts that
this sum of 8800,000, together with
tho amount paid would bo a fair
amount for these lands.
Up to tho day tho deeds were
signed tho Clitrokou Nation had
an unsettled account nnd had not
parted with title. On tho 14th of
June thoy had those occupied tracts
less and bo much more monoy.
All tho roporU both the Clomonts
report and the commissioners let
tor wore modo somo time before,
and dated before the transaction
was closed. Tho debt reported
was ono before that dato and not
afterwards. The annual report of
the Commissioner of Indian Affairs
merely stales the tract convoyed
and the rest as tho property of the
Nothing could bo more absurd
than the idoa of tho United
States loaning money to any ono.
The only right the United States
has over that tract is the ritrht to
sottle Indians there if thoy can in
duce the Chcrokeos to civo a pa
tent by offering them enough.
That right thoy roally waived
when by law thoy prohibited In
dian settlements there. As the
United States can give no titlo to
it it is practically worthless. After
tho transaction was closed Chief
Bushyhoud asked tho Assistant At
torney General in tho presence of
tho Socretmy if thoro was any way
the United States could get any
more of it, except by ottering the
Chcrokeos.whttt thoy wore willing
totakoforit. The reply was that
thero wore but two ways: To ofier
enough or take it by force, and the
Unitod Statos woro hardly propar
od to do that. Tho Secretary said
ho hardly expected any other In
dian settlements to bo made. Tho
Chorokoo Nation, therefore, has it
determined by the Supremo Court
that thoir title is a fe.o simple and
a conveyance undor it good, and by
an act of Congress and a precedent
that is an act accomplished and
that cannot be disturbed, that the
only way that any of thoir lands
oast or-west of 90 dog. can bo takon
from thorn is by a bargain, and a
patent issued by them.
8. J THOMPSON',
VI.XITA, ... ixd. TF.R-
Calln promptly nttcmUil to, day or
night. Special attention Riven to
eurucry ami illfne of women
The Largest nnd best selected
Ptock at linttom Prices.
Sowing 'Machinos, Organe, Collins
and Metallic cases nlwnys
kept in stock.
South side of .Maple St.
ClIETOI'A, . . . Kans.
J. W. Stapler & Son,
Talilcqtmli O. 2ST.,
Toko pleasure in announcing to
tho public that their
FALL AND WINTER
STOCK is now complete in all
its Departments. If you want fair,
square dealing and the full worth
of your monoy call on them.
J. W. STAPLEIl it SON,
Tahlequah, ... c. N
-n. Zanin.2rnLe3a.se -ssoirticrexLt
Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, &c
Gr. "STST. rC3r3FiLESErr"Ss to2re.
extend a cordial invitet-on to the public generally to call and examine our immontto Jstook of goods,
which is now replete in all of its departments, consisting of Dry goods, Clothi
Caps, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, and in fact, everything usually foundin n First-Class
Store. Wc will not ho undersold by any houso in the Cherokee Nation.
THE BEST PIERCE CITY FLOUR
ATTENVIE CLERKS, FAIK AND LIBERAL DEALING.
GIVE ME A TRIAL AND SEE IF I DO NOT SATISFY YOU.
And everything uiually kept in
a well assorted store. I sell low
as the lowest for cash. Call and
see mo and price my goods.
C. H. Keys & Co.
Olllco Xos. and 10 Cxchan Unlldlng,
ST. LOTJIS NATIONAL STOCK
ST. CLAIR COUNTY, ILLS.
-A CL T2&rr2j.01T'lD Sz, Co.
HOLDS THE FORT
Largest Line of Hard-ware, Stoves and
Tinware kept in the Cherokee Nation.
Mrs. Ma tor, and son; aged 11
years, are in custody at Fort Gibson
for shooting, Tuesday last, Arch
Casey, abgut ten miles east of Fort
Gibson, putting his body in his
wagon, driving it back after dark
within three utiles of his homo ami
turning it ndrift. Tho horcos went
to a neighbors house with tho bodv
in the wagon. The portion aro oil
Oliver E. Hinrfes,
Manufacturer of and Denier In
IIARXKSS, SADDLES, COM.AKS,
ijuiDLns, whips, coMn..
1IRUSHK.S Etc., Etc.
Repairing ncatelv done. All work
warranted. St. Louis priees dupli
cated. Orders from a distance
filled on short notice.
TKX.VS 8ADni.ES A sriX'IALTY.
Give us a call before you
J. T. liobertu, of Dallas, Tei.,in charge.
Muskogee, - Ind. Tcr.
The Live Stock Market of St. Louis
THE ST. LOUIS XATIOXAL
Locatod at East St. Louis, ill.
Directly oppoHito tlio city of Kt. Louis.
HuyrrM for nil tletcription of livo stock
nlwnjo in attendance, and within the
(.'rounds of the stock yards are n beef
cnnniiiK company, with a capacity for
kIiuikIiUtIiik l.Oiu head of cuttle daily,
and rk put kin;: establishments with
it rapacity for blaughtering 12,000 hops
ISAAC H. KNOX, President.
Ciias. T. Junes, Superintendent. 1-1
I'ost-oflho, Tfthlcquah, I t
"ic nie, '
Rime bra.. 1
Cl '. Ud'
mil., . VJ
Hnn co nf-
noiu rlvi r, 1 mllps cast of Tniilcqah.
JESSE B. MAYF.S.
B. R. TAYLOR.
IW-ofhco, Vinita, I. T
'tpk tro'' oir 'fit
f"V onr ami i.iu
B. P. MIL3TEAD. "
Post-oflic, Prairie Citv, I T
on both Mile,
t II. re
J. W. ELLIOIT & Oc.
Po&t-oilice, niita, I T.
-.xj-g rs,r, - ,. IssTfcT"
PoatOtlee - t
fHn4H I fTaljiv'ji .
JOHSM and GEORGE
Full New Stookjunt bough In Saint
IxmiIs at loHrnt flfbolesnlo p. hs and
now for sale it
Tho Noith-Wostern Livo Stock
Journal", published at Ctioyonno,
Wyoming Territory, Jias mado its
appoarauo in the .Vow spa por world,
and shows up somo of the flnost
printed brand advertisements wo
A distinguished mau has said "I
can not give an hour n day to my
boy. but his toachcr has him six.
I can soldom touch him a lesson,
his toaohor must proparo him for
lifo." It is of the groatest import
ance who teaches your ehild. you
want it to study arith'mtie.langutige
&o. hut tho personal influence and
example mf tho teacher will influ
onoo its lifo for more than arithmo-
Oath paid for furs, hides, etc. Cash
or Koods iu exchauge lor cattlo. Trude
solicited. 2i t)tn
TULSA, I. T.
Doors, Windows, Window Glass, Paints and Oil.
3!n fact everything you want in the Household Line.
For Good CoodsSat Bottom Prices go to
J3l- O- 3EL."TSTIECrrD db GO'S,
r-w;.j.?sL c vaf
Ilalf-brfoil rnitle all branded!
oil icit side uii'l lup. oiuonr-
Illnrl.fll C-AA mill r.r.n t '!
Hie lilt- arjrc.1 tor lnrnU.KsMl...i n.
jinyje- SJKM6- bob mark. -'J Tox bh
ste. rs roaI bannd KZ on near
rc.k ' iiiuniiiH bo ifiiinty ponl.
. lou:s ROaERS.
Prfct-olliee, t'iietopa, Kansas.
"V Jf '"I'l't nnd hit
-ejTOc n HkIU oar
SsfCA and swallow
W-W fork in left.
- Kl V
TherOjS ono placo in tho Indian Territory whero you can buy any kind of goods yon want. Wc keep
A General Store
ill left oh r
Bkitdook Post-oflice, C. X.
II r He
h o u I de r,
It an no nn
Ho mi 11 v
Mrs. ISABELLA NEWMAN,
Post-oflicc. Skiatook I. T
! 1 1 I 'UJ UUTji ' JBTi
JSjjlcL a, IF'vQl
"toy Our: Oustoraors.
Urn Lire Mock Journal.
tic. Soo to it that your children?
hinds. It in needless and iitinossl. I trachers aro uuub iiomoim aa v.-ii
hloto detail all tha slep. taken or would like them to bo when thoy
arguments made. Tho delegation I have gone boyond your control.
. The HutebV Ouidb U t.
?ucd .March alul Sept.. each
JTcttrt 216 juges, Bxlll
J Inches, with orcr :J,300
illuitrattona a liol pic
ture mllcrr. G l holt-
EMiprlcca dirttt to ouumtrt ou nil goodi
tot icrtoiul or fcinu'jr ue, Telli lior
ta onler, nnd glvw crart cost cf ercry.
tl.iux ou me, ul. drink, voir, or liau
fun Miilu 'l'liso luvsbulilo luoksroic
tiia inrormatlon gleaned from llio map
let of Hid worM. Vo will mall n copt
l'rvo o nny rddreMiipon ruccil cf the
iotJso 7 c. iiK l,rt us hear from you.
MONTGOMERY WARD & CO.
is; X pt Mk AuiK. ikux. u.
IF YOU WAXT Harness, Saddlory, Leothor Goods of any kind
Go to "TUU". O- 3PA. 1 O
IF YOU WAXT Wagon., Agricultural Michinery, Buggies, Spring Wagons, otc, eto.,
IF YOU AIIF! SICK and wont Medicines, Drugs, Proscriptions carofully proparod, etc,
IF YOU WANT Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Caps, Codding, cto, etc, otc,
GsVo to "VS7. O.. ZTTOnSJ'iS,,
IF YOU AliE IIUXGRY and want Groceries, Flour, Bacon, Canned Goods, otc, otc.
Gro to TTir o jnrroisr&
IF YOU ARE IN LOVE and want Candies, Perfumios, Toilut Goods, Soap, oto otc,
00 to "w o 2Pua."37a?OKr.
IF YOU ARE GOING TO HARRY and wont o comploto outfiit of ovorj'thiug,
Go. to "W. C. PATTON & Go's.,
Yinita, I. T.
R. M. WlL
ri h t
O o a I
W. O. NELM3,
Poxt-ullicv, Viiiita, I
c r o e k,
Post-ofhce, Vinita, I. T.
plit in left
bit and zinc
tai; in right
at tho lioad
,.r 11.. .
em;k Ilanuo, between l'ryor's and
i.-jswyv-'w - . ,
m .m 'ifi.
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