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title: 'Indian chieftain. (Vinita, Indian Territory [Okla.]) 1882-1902, January 24, 1884, Image 2',
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?.lkil Kmtt Thursday by the
Ixds Chwtix Pubisixg Co
TB. P. aW? a J. W. Sccocnf!, Editors.
YIXITA, I. T.. JAN" J, ISSI
think the amendment a mistake.
Thp lair ought simply to have said
that no brand was legal unless rcg
ifctered. But the law as it stands
must be considered as a kind of
' compromise as tlie best that could
We publish this week an unpre
cedented list of disasters.
Tnc Chikft-iix will hereafter be
published on Thursday instead of
Tf Council won't build bridgos,
ire must find some other way. In
one week of high water Vinita will
lose enough -to build two bridges.
Think ahout it that way, gcnlle-acn.
Tnx list of primary schools and
teachers, Vith aggregate and aver
age attendance furnished us by Hr.
Adair, member of the Board of Ed
ucation, is witliheld this week for
Sold them out is what the au
tjtoritics of ihe Greek Nation, did
last week with the hoasdsr and im
provements of Cherokee and some
other unauthorized peisons who
-ttid located st Huscowc.
We publish, this week, the reply j
of rv JV- -. Goodykoontz to "Plain
Truth' in which he goes for him
pretty lively. Go in, boys, the
jPettacj will furnish the space,
bet yo mustn't get too personal.
Cot. Wxr. A. Panxips and Oss
Annie B. Stapler were married, at
Ike residence of H. B. B. Stapler,
"Esq., in T:w York, on the l'h
xnst, The Scniorof the CniKFTAis
extends his.cordial congratulations
and ardent wishes for their happi-psss.
The report of Cols. Benedict and
Townsend, who investigated the
question of right to the chieftaincy
of the Creek Xation, in dispute be-bs-ecn.
Col. Perryniau and Espai-
bedone, perhaps, under the circum
Section eight makes cattle liable
for the damage they do. This is a
novel feature in a law, but we must
consider here the law, not by itself,
butby the needs it was intended to
meet and tho difficulties it had to
obviate. Some men with small
herds were prevented from lecding,
or even salting, their own cattle
without salting or feeding at the
same time as many, or two or three
times as many cattle belonging to
his neighbors, as he himself pos
sessed. It often happoned that,
when a man know his ab'-cnt cattle
were heing well cared for, he was
not as prompt in getting them away
as he utifiht have been. Even when
the owners of small herds kept
them under fence, it was impossi
ble to prevent fence breaking, and
next to 'impossible to prove that
any particular animal broke the
fence. One animal would break a
fence and let in a hundred more.
Chieftain of week before last to
the application for a lease for all
the Cherokee country east of Grand
and north of the Arkansas IUyor.
Mr. Owen claims the extent of the
lease asked for, as his own act. So
be it. We are pleased, although
not surprised, to learn that such is
the coso,and recogr'ie the fact that
he alone is responsible for the cu
pidity displayed. And what is the
plea he offers in extenuation? First
that the lease desired was not to
mine, but to prospect for petro
leum. Second, that it was neces
sary for protection, and, third, that
it was lawful. The first plea is, a
distinction without a difference;
because, a lease for one purpose is,
under the law. good against other
looses covering the same section of
counrr for any other purpose, and
because the lessee has priority of
lease for any other minerals dis
covered while prospecting for pe
troleum or any other substance un
dor the law. The second plea begs
the whole question, and is an as
sumption not warranted by the cir
cumstances. To say that, in order
to secure the fruits of a successful
find of petroleum in one district, it
is necassarv that every one else
For the damage done by the hun-1 should be excluded from prospect-
drod, the owner of the enclosure
had no recourse. Putting all things
together,it was a very difficult mat
ter to legislate abou. "We do not
like this provision in tho law, but
a better law must be proposed be
fore this one is condemned.
Gn the whole, the law seems to
have aimed to meet real needs and
difficulties. It is now the law of
the land, so let us give it a fair, im
in a late issue ot your r aper you
stated that a mining company, con
sisting of D. W. Bnshyhcad, J. S.
Stapler and K. L. Owen, have ap
plied for a license covering all the
land between the Seneca line and
adze, renorted. a AVashincton dis-1 . . . .
--.7-.t. :U .-, nfv, .tncAJansasKlver,JorOTtn.mKr-
--- " -rT-.. " votes. The statement is not true.
j man. woi. j.n, u. o. ..geni,
decH&ed to take any part in the in
The parties above named did form
a company, with a view to pros
pecting for petroleum, and under
Sec. S3, pp. 2bl, requiring parties
"before beginning the work, to ob
tain from the Treasurer a license
for that purpose, which license
The Texas senate has passed a
li making fence cutting a felony,
jmnkhabic by two to five years in
-pemteatiarv and tho killing of a
-euc- cutter Itrthe act of applying I shall clearly describe the location
ifee Kippers, justifiiable homicide. ' of the reservation selected, with its
Governor Ireland has intimated J metes and bounds," B. L. Owon
applied to the Treasurer to tieense
the company to prospect and mine
that the sbot gun policy should be
adopted, and as much as sav3 that
Jiejrill pardon, any man. convicted j for petroleum and petroleum alone,
W shooting a fence cuttor. Tilings , oh the entire scope of country east
arc getting warm down there sure
Notice the statement of the-mem-
b3 of the Medical Society held at
Jfcie place on the loth ult. This is
a, step in the right direction, and if
he intelligence of Vinita and coun
try around will come to their aid,
fee Territory will soon he freed
iroBL ihe wiles of quarts and
qaackery There is no reasan why
ye may not encourage and sustain
educated physioiaos here, as is
done elsewhere. Vinita has a good
supply of competent M. D.'s, men
who. having devoted their time to
.gtudy, and dedicated their lives to
their profession,ought, and deserve
i6 be sustained. The association
recently established will have the
effect of encouraging friendly rela
tions between, and fraternal feeling
or each other, and, while it wtH
.not receive or rccignize ignorant
pretenders, it will stimulate a heal
thy growth in knowledge-, and a
desire to keep thoroughly posted
in all the developments of the sci
nse of medicine. The Chieftain
wishes them succcssin their enter
prise, and hails the move as a for
tunate one for the people.
Tfce.Sew Stock Law.
In considering the merits of tho
.new stock law, it is necessary to
consider carefully and fairly the
difficulties and wrongs the law was
intended to meet. And it is but
fair tdjudgc it by its adaptability
to do this.
fsecrion one was intended to stop
the grazing of stock of nan-citizens
in. the country. That secji a law
was needed, there can be no ques
tion. If the law can be enforced
it is all right.
Section two aims to stop the cat
lie fever. If enforced, it is as Kkaiy
to do it as any law could. Some
law is needed. The only question
about this law is whether or not it
goes too far. Many think it does.
There is great difference of opinion
about the facts on which the law is
based. The zxr seems to have pro
posed to take n chances whatever,
but to stop the fever at all haxards.
If it does it, wc think it will be
clear to most minds that the loss to
thebusiness will be less by fur than
ie sum total of die loss heretofore
sustained on a ount of the fever.
This disease not only destroys cat
tle, hut introdnee an element of
uncertainty into the business, and
is especially oppressive upon the
Sections three and foer sitnmhr
enforce the second. Section ftVe. I d"1 not
wc are informed, originally pro
vided for the registering of oil
hrands,butit wasafterward amend
ed by making itappiy enly to those
jvho had fiftv head or niore We
of Grand aril! Arkansas Rivers
D. W. Bushyhord was"not pres
ent, and probably learns now, for
the first timp. of the extent ok tho
Petroleum is a fluid, and lias a
distance nntler the earth's surface
equal to sea level. If any oil were
to be found at all, in the Cherokee
Nation, it would be about 1,000 feet
deep. It requires fine machinery
and skilled machinists to drill the
wells. It costs from So-,000 to SG.000
to drill a well through ordinary lay
ers of stone. The oil being very
deep, is under a powerful pressure,
and forces itself up to the surface.
Men and companies who mine for
oil in the States, secure from the
owners of the soil, "oil leases"
giving said companies the sole right
of boring -for oil in "case some of
their venturesome wells should
"strike oil." This is always done,
for no man is going to spend thous
ands of dollars to find oil and
then lot some one come and sink a
well within such a distance as to
drain his wells. Sinking a well is
like buying a lottery ticket costing
S5,(XX). Who would buy fucIi a
ticket with no reasonable chance of
enjoying the prize in case he drew
For fifty yoars the Chcrokocs
have boon West, and no one has
wanted to mine for oil. Now at last
a company asks for a license of the
only kind that has value. It is
true they must work it, make a
quortorly report, give bond, ic.,or
forfeit their license. It is true the
Council drfos not limit tiie reserva
tion, as it, and it alone, ean do, yet
we find both Win. P. Rom, in the
Chijgtaix, and Daniel II. Ross, in
the UwMh, advising the Treas
urer against Uiis license, and the
CniEFTAiN trying to throw a slur
on the Chief by charging him with
unlawfully construing the mineral
law to his own interest, altho' the
monopoly question is not touched.
The Executive mmM cmMrue, in ex
ecuting the law, i.e., must read and
understand it in a certain manner.
That understanding is "Executive
construction," ami if based upon,
guided, and subsequently modified
ty, "judicial construction. ' the
slur shows malice. As for the K-
eensc, it is plainly the duty of the
Treasurer to give it,ae the law con
templates, lie has no right, nor
has the Cjuikft.ux or AdrocaU the
! right, of passing laws to resUain
even that which is an injurious nc
nopoly.much leas a juat and proper
request. I would nothareaiiecnsc
Mere, if an body is to blame in
tli5 business it is R I, Owe:?
X "? pronn-cd, w print above
the (x mmur.i'-ati'jn f Mr Owen.
ing in five others, carries an ab
surdity on its face. Besides, there
is no analogy between the facts in
the case of oilwells in Pennsylva
nia, where- no land is held in com
mon, and in the Cherokee Nation,
where all is. To allow a single
company to hold an exclusive right
over nearly half the Nation for a
term often years, is not to develop
the resources of the country, but
to lock them up. In the third place
the law does not authorize the lease
asked, nor contemplate anything of
the kind. The language of the law
is that over bma fide citizen of
this Nation who may wish to pros
pect for and engage in the mining
of the minerals therein not except
ed and including the collection and
refining of coal oil, "shall make
application in writing to thcTreas-
i uror for that purpose, stating the
mineral or stone he wishes to op
erate in, the number and names of
the company-, the district and tect;-on
thereof in which located, and the
motes and bounds of the reserva
tion on which he proposes operat
ing ; provided, also, that the same
shall not be within, or infringe
upon the improvements or legal
boundaries or limits of another cit
izen or mining compa-iy without'
tho written consent of such o'.hcr." '
writ I--- -1 - .
inc piain intent anu meaning oi
the law is -that not even a district
but only a section thereof, with de
fined metos and bounds, may be
the extent of a lease, and no more.
If the construction given the law by
Mr. Owen be correct, there is noth
ing to prevent him from leading
the whole country for all purposes
contemplated by the law. The
Treasurer did the proper thing in
withholding the lease, under a fair
construction of law, and will be
sustained by the undivided senti
ment of the people, who, wc are
fully persuaded, are not prepared
to be bound hand and foot and com
mitted to the tender mercies of &n
oil or other monopoly. The charge
that malice prompted our remarks
i simple assertion, and interjected
to supply tho place of argument,
and divert attention from the real
question. The circumstances war
ranted the remarks made at the
time, and have had the effect we
anticipated forcing Mr. Owen to
exonerate the Principal Chief and
Mr. Stapler from all responsibility
in the premises, an exoneration not
loss duo to the official position of
the one than the high business
character of the other. Ed.1
En. Chieftain : I would like.
MUST BE SOLD!
In consequence of having to
move my business house inside of
the next thirty days, I will sell re
gardless of cost till then the follow
ing goods, to reduce my stock: Dry
Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes,
&c. I can't move with the load I
have and am bound to unload. So
come and get the benefit. I mean
just what I say.
St. Louis and Sanfranciscs
Shorter than any other route between
Vinita k St. Loiis.
SS-THEOUGK EXFRESS TRAIHS
) Are Sun Daily. (
NO CHANGE OF CARS.-
JL BOUDUf or.
Post-office, Tahleouah, I. T.
ed OO oa hip
nois river, 4 mile ea!t of Tahleqaah,,
i iy F
-A- C- Z.1Z-2mGT3D 2z. -Co.
HOLDS THE FORT
Largest Line of Hardware, Stoves and
Tinware kept in the Cherokee Nation.
for ono issue, the use of about three
squares of your paper, tor the pur
pose of replying to a few assertions
made for ray benefit, apparontly,
by some "snoozar" who calls him
self "Plain Truth." Now, if I was
to write an essay on blatherskites
and squirts, and tell the "plain
truth" aliout it, I would stick my
own name to it, if I never saw the
back of my neck. Still, I don't
know. I am just as ashamed of
"Plain Truth's" communication as
he is, and, sinco I come to think of
it,I think he acted wisely. I would
not attach my signature to a lot of
stuff like that for a dollar. I know
what is the matter with P. T. His
liver is ont of order, and then his
clothes don't fit him. Speaking
about notoriety, it looks to a man
"up a tree," like "Plain Truth"
wants a little in his'n. Comc,now,
old boy, as far as notoriety goes, I
don't want to sell mine, but how
will you swap. Yours, fcc,
A. P. Goodykoontz.
Col. John 0.Tufls was confirmed
by the Senate as Agent of the U. S.
for the Union Agency, Jan. 21st.
t t . r . - . - HUH iuuis -iveuu
in reply t th- rr rcz ' n fV Kajr: -il Ha -iware Store.
VINITA, I. T.
House, Sign & Orna
B0FSE PAI5ITSG A 3PZCIA1TT
.1 -"p - n ll'lnols Vvennc, oppofito
BBBjaaBQ war b
Of rich fanning
&. Mineral lands l
A C 3f-?"F!t J for Sale by this ,
;Mr-For full and particnlar information
with Maps, Time Tables. Hated, Ac ,
call upon any of our fetation .gents, or
cither of the' undernamed:
G.TT.CALE, I. WISIIAUT,
Gen'l Vn. .U.. Oen'l Paas. Apt.
T. LH W. HO. MT IJirfi, MO.
C. "V. Rogers, Vic-i-I'resident
and General Manager,
Temple Building, i-t. Louis, Mo.
OK r for nlr at RtUO,
pt art! all Tarietira ot
ur-rir Stocb.hoth lm
portrd and natlrr, rs
prcial'r all the new
Ihbrids and Seedling
ot merit of co-tern and
MfrtT Dctot for
La. gr :'otrr,tlrenlars
Doors, Windows, Window Glass, Paints and Oil.
In fact everytning you want in the Household Line.
coi- i- jj$n&-
For Good Coodsat Bottom Prices go to
. C. RA.'YMOKrD dSs GO'S,
Klaiil. Onlrr. tontracts.TrrmstoArentn.Ac.
Itrln.rrn.tanil FVirerl'Ut'-f.iD.lall ih-rtl-cnltnral
l'aUk-iim-f, attM price. AUo abole
rale for tdl nf 1S.-A thf O ienta!, Pocklincton.
rrctittsanJIOttir",ti' nrwcJ. 'reprcal '
Uca. .grnl'i Ka' t '1 V nv .ortt-raa
A t i ir!Fft. KanCitr SI'i
r 1 1 CF, Ap-at. Vinita, I. T
The BcrrBsf Gcror Is 1
sued March and Sept, each
Iresr: 216 pages, 84X11
inches, with orcr 3.200
illcitrations a irl-oJc pic
tnrecallcrr. Gives boie-
tsl prices direct to rtiirs ua all pls
for j-ersonal or fas.i!y UiC Tela Low
to ru.r, and 'al ct Cart cost cf evi r -U.tiij
tou use, cat. ilrtnL, vcar. or ha.'.
fi.n Tali. These inralaUa Urnts cor
fela I x.nn!ion gleaned from the t?
LcU jf tho worM. Wc will maila c: -Fno
tf any address npon receipt cf l!-e
pctt-'c 7 cents. Let us her from you.
MONTGOMERY WARD &. CO.
tar Ji 5S9 TTtath Arase. CUii 12.
Vinita, L T.
.lto ZS on
VariotiH oth r
aiara and .!.!
W. B. HALSBLi,
Post-offico, Vinita, I T.
ro-t-ofiice, Vinita, I. T.
ear and split
Post-offic-, Prairie City, I. T.
' Branded in th
i same brand
or. both tide?
a a d b o t a
.a, I T.
eah ear, crop
odtf the left.
ed on left hip
Post-office, Echo, I. T.
ap. either side
oH right ear.
creek, C. X.
EVANS, HUNTER 4c NSWJktAJT
J. 7. BLT.T
D. N. AUoa-P. O.
Ilalf.Lroed cattle aU branded I
on left dc and hip Some ear- j
marked JLSZ? a.i 1 some f
the lat- ncj t r i.crll-Syj ed the
jirjye- ?! ,H U)b niar!:.""1 Tex a a
s.trt rs road-l..nan-l .;,sJJ'Ji on acar
aiili-. Varnius t-ar-' ' '" marks.
R-uMa Coiumanchc county pool.
Pcjt-oflice, Chetopa Kansas.
Split and bit
in right ear
fork ia left.
tropin left ea T
WHERE TO GO!
Tlicrcts one place in the Indian Territory where you can buy any kind of goods you want. .We keep
A General Store
"toy- Our Customers.
IF YOU ir.JNT Harness, Saddlery, Leather Good? of any kind
IF YOU WAST Wagon Agricultural JIachinary, Buggies, Spring Wagons, etc., etc.,
Geo "to 7". O- 'ATTOKTS-
IF YOU ARE SICK and want Medicines, Drugs, Prescriptions carefully prepared, etc,
IF YOU WAXT Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Caps, Bedding, etc, etc, etc,
IF YOU ARE HUXGRY and want Groceries, Flour, Bacon, Canned Goods, etc. etc.
Gro "to "X7W O PATTONS
IF YOU ARE IX LOVE and want Candies, Porfumies, Toilet Goods, Soap, etc etc,
g-o to "77- o 3E.A.sra?o:Kr's-
JF YOU ARE G0IXG TO MARRY andwaut a complotc outfiit of everj-thing,
Skiatook Post-oflice, C. X
5 f Horaa
.Vrr-j?L brand sama
i ftQ ''K? a
Mrs ISABKT.r-A. NBW3IAN,
i'.h.t-uftitc. Sk- I. T.
This rand an.l mark (cr.ip and nn-
derbit t ftaihiar kept tip iiu'i.li
Vanons ear marks and old brand-.
I Horse bran 1 h r-e-aiu on left i-h il
1 derand nc k
It a a eh. on
Ji Bird Creek,
t ifht miles
north ef Talsa
Go to W. C. PATTON & (Vs.,
Yinita, I. Ts
Ranch on Butfc Creek, Osae Nation, v
P.wt-o.lue, Prainc City,' I. T.
horn, Jt -on
Ltj Ba a
TT IT- "rSTRT-TU-a
Post-cfllce, IniU, f. T.
P O, lottV
Wolf en!.. 20
miks wrath f
S. J. TIIOMl'SOX,
Vinita, - - - C. N.
C. H. Keys & Co.
Office Nos. and 0 Kxchaa BaiMint:
ST. LOUJS NATIONAL STOCK
ST, CLAIR COUNTY, ILLS.
tW-oUicv, Vmita, I. T.
- Crop and
bit and xiac
miles west '
of TiniU, ,
at the head
ereek. lUnev, between Pryor's and
7EXrS BBOS. 3 EBIGfO.
Posl-olfiif , Colfey ville, Kan?ar.
and ear marks
mo. on. oi
ir ra-cr on Verdjds river,
o. t s lu.ifls and on ii? creek,
- j U renrded hr nving in
- f he sjst to Wells Bros. 4"
fi E !?!cS4