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PoblWlM X wy Tiinrsdy by Use
Jjcdlix Ckuvtaxx Pubobhtng Co
TIXITA, L. TL. FEB. 7, ISSi.
Tue Hon. John H. Rogers, M.C.
fro u Arkansas, has Introduced into
the House of Representatives a bill
to provide for the building for the
pse of the Federal Court,poitoflicet
internal revenue and other civil
offie. and a United States jail, in
the City of Ft. Smith, Arkansas,
and afpropriattng 8250,000 to be
.applied to their construction. Sen
ator Walker introduced a similar
bill in the Seaate.
Cimcr Charles and his delega
tion of Flathead Indians, bad an
interview with Secretary Teller of i
0e Interior Department, the 30th
alt., oa the proposition to remove
ths Flatheads in the Bitter Root
Valley to the Jocko Roscrvation in
Montana. The arguments of the
Secretary in favor of the removal
irere supplemented by the elo
quence of Sanator Vest of 3fissou-ri-
Tempting offers were made,
"but old Charles remained silent,
and refused, with an angry gesture,
to sign a paper offered hiia by the
THE CHIEFTAIN ZJ"
IUIV Mil iU(Ul, iUL UU UiilU V1U 1U-
vest capital without inducement
and protection. In replr to the
-yr.Y.X&KX. W.Sgmgcs, Editors. ' CniEFTATS, as I tun limited to halfij
a column ,1 simply repeat, We apSj
plied for right to prospect and mine
for nctroleum alone, desirinji to
waive all rirzhtsunder Sec. S7, giv
ing the right to work another min
eral, if found by lessees.
TheCiiiEETAix "anticipated forc
ing jlx.Owen to exonerate tlje Prin
cipal Chief and Mr.Staplor from all
responsibility in the promises, an
exoneration not less duo to the of
ficial position of the one than the
high business character of the
other." This was elegantly and
wittily said, and all it lacked was
truth. The Cuiektais first inti
mated that the Principal Chief was
guilty of a venal construction, and
afterwards stated that the Execu
tive construction was entitled to the
consideration due its distinguished
source- This gave no occasion for
Sir. Owen to speak or exonerate
anybody, and he was as yot un
heard. The CniKFTAis could not
possibly have anticipated forcing
Sfr.JOwcn to exonerate anybody but
himself. Does the Chieftain mean
it made false charges against ths
Chief with a view to having some
body more honest deny them ?
"The exalted position of the one,
and the high business character of
the other" will remain unharmed
by the grumbling of the Chieftain,
and they arc not exonerated and do
not need exoneration. You were
illogical in construing my remark,
'If anybody is to blame, blame
vm." I simply meant I wes pretty
well toughened, and did not want
you to be growling at my friends,
R. L. Owen.
The foregoing communication
fromR. L. Owen, Esq., docs not in
jure the ground taken by the Chief
tain on the subject to which he re
turns. It requires no great acumen
to discern hat the construction
given-to Sec. SI of the Hining Law
by him is superficial, and renders
the section mere surplusage, when,
in point of fact, it fixes both loca
tion and boundary, and is on that
point the key-note to what follows
in the act We are not wholly igno
rant of the well-established princi
ple that the repeal or modification
o' a law belongs exclusively to the
power that made it,nor to that ether
one, that the provisions of law can
not be waived or act aside, even by
the mutual consent of parties, ex
cept expressly authorized to do so
by the law. If ITr. 0 wen is sincere
in regarding his application as legal
I and proper, and essential to the de
velopment of a great interest, let
him test it, as he says he can do, and
then we shall have a judicial con
struction of the law that will be
final. So far as the reply to the
Chieftain is concerned, it neither
weakens nor destroys a single po
sition we have taken in relation to
men or measures, nor does it affect
our sincerity, consistency or cor
rectness. Mr. Owen ought not to
be so obtuse as not to perceive that
there is no connection between our
reference to the construction of a
law by the Principal Chief,in which
Jlr. Owen himself placed him in the
attitude of a-party in interest, and
the respect due to opinions emanat
ing from the distinguished position
he occupies. If injustice has boon
done him, it is due to the act of his
partnerin business, and not to mal
ice on our part. As for the charge
of untruthfulness, made in the pres
ent communication, like its prede
cessor, "malice," it is mere bald as
sertion, and affects only the good
manners and caliber of him who
makes it, and not the Chieftain.
The conclusion of the whole mat
ter is that the Chieftain has ex
pressed the "He" rem its corres
pondent, and his manifestations of
life are only the spasmodic move
ments resulting from the applica
tion of its galvanic battery. Jtequi
escat in pace.
CestcadiR? for tie Spoils.
The iich bonanza enjoyed for so
many years by the city of Fort
Smith, through the possession of
the U. S. Court for the Western
District of Arkansas, including all
the Indian Territory, was too good
a thing to exist without exciting a
desire for a bite from Kansas and
Texas. So, at flic last session of
Congress, the pie was cut into three
pieces, and a slice given to cach,by
locating a Court at Gainesville,
Texas, and one at Wichita, Kansas.
This has sorved but to whet the
appetite tor more, and to cause the
mouths of othor places to water.
The sub-committee of the Judici
ary Committee of the House heard
argumentB, on the 30lh, in favor of
North Texas for a branch of the
Court. Congressman Throckmor
ton wants a now district from an
other slice from the Ft. Smith
piece. Gainesville, Sherraan,Dcn
ison and Bonhani all hold out their
hands, while Judge Rogers very
naturally thought a further divide
would leave nothing, but a little for
Ft Smith. Stick to it, Judge, we
areirithyou on that line
Tnz Cherokee Advocate of the 1st
iastant contains more "Executive
Construction of Certain Provisions
of Law." Whether official or scini
ofocialis not evident nor material
at present, as no case has arisen
which calls for it, but when mdc,
.it occurs to us that it should bo
do&c m a mam ner according, with
the manifest meaning of the law as
it presents itself to the average un
derstanding. Acts in. relation to
Bobjecte of familiar Interests, and
whieh eoecera every family in the
cweatry that may seem to require
tbyge Tolratary expositions, must
evidently be crude and ill -expressed.
Aad s corroborative of this,
ths article bow referred to in ex
jtlaoattea of the stock law, says :
'Those dtizc&s who own less than
fifty (50) head may or may not be
enable, to provide themselves with
a. brand. If not, the law in regard
io hoarding does not affect them.
But if they arc able to have and J
use a. Brand, ttie law simplv re
quires of them to have it regis
tered." There is no such distinc-
ob in the law. But what docs it
provide ? Section 5 requires every
citwen owahug or holding fifty or
mOe head of cattle in the Chero
kee Nation to register his mark
aad brand in the Clerk's office of
the district wherein his cattle are
heid,ad then declares thal"all cat
tle having vnrcgistcrcd marks or
brands, asd running at large upon
the pbiie domain, are hereby de
clared to he strays, and the sheriffs
of the several districts are hereby
directed to advertise and sell the
game, in the same manner rs other
stray property.1 But this is notall. I
SeettoR 7 provides for the suspen
jmb af the sheriff who fails or rc
foes to advertise and sell cattle
declared to he strays hy the act as
qaoted, on the report of three re
spectable -citizens of the district
where unregistered cattle may be
fom&i, to the Clerk, and the Clerk
to the Principal Chief. The expla
nation may be in accordance with
what should' be the law, but it is
not in accordance with the facts of
the case, nor with what the law is,
as they appear to us.
The Mineral Law, Sec SI, says
a$fly to the Treasurer, giving the
number and names of the company,
the district and section thereof in
which located (general location
about where.) the vistes and bounds
of the reservation (specific location
exactly where), and the kind of
mineral. This information is need
ed for a record, and does not mean
to limit the extent of the reservation,
bat to have its geographical position
Sec. S3 says the Treasurer's li
eemt east clearly describe the lo
catioa of the reservation, with its
m'siu tmd bound. Here is where
the Kemse giving a right to tlic res
ervation Is described, if it was ia
teaded to limit the area, here was
ifce place to do it. It was pot done.
If the law does not do this, who
has the right to do so except the
JTatioBsi Council? Our law has
deen so shaped. We. have no miner
als developed ia the country. Is it
wrong to to develop some of them
or wise to suppress such efforts. If
it cosld be done, it would give our
treaesry a royalty, and by bringing
money into the country, help all
All the conditions of law were
complied with and we have a just
.and legal right to the lease, and
could enforce it ia the courts, i it
were worth the trouble and expense.
At present itis worth just the value
of a sheet of lcgl cap paper on
which my fingers wrote the applica
tion. If we had the lease, and it
was not endorsed by the country, it
would be valueless, for -we would
be unable to get anybody foolish
rn-jgh to run the risk of hostile
ugi'iation. As a rule, men witn
money are not fools. If we baa a
jcaso for ju3t a section of the dis-
A full line of Brown's Cultivat
ors, which are recognized as second
to none, at McGannon & Bros", in
fWe propose to give from one to two
columns per week, for a while, to this
subiect. Every one who knows any
facts of the ancient history of the J
Indian Territory are requested to fur
nish'them for this column.
As nn appropriate introduction we
publish this week the following com
Editor CniBETAiN : From the
Chieftain of the 24th hist., we
clip the following very appropriate
remarks in regard to Mr. Joreminh
Curtain of Washington, and his
Mr. Jeromiah Curtain of Wash
ington Citv was in Vinita this week.
He is connected with the Smith
sonian Institute, and is here gath
ering all he can get about Cherokee
and other Indian antiquities. lie
is admirably qualified for his task,
and now is a crand opportunity to
prevent the final and utter loss of
all the stones -ot tne oiuen umu.
He wishes all intelligent people to
co-operate with him in rescuL g
the earlv historv. legends and sto
ries of the Cherokees from obliv
I am in warm sympathy with the
work Mr. Curtain is engaged in,
and this is my only excuse for here
making the above words of yours
nn nnnasian for a few remarks of
my own upon the subject ; and in
doing so I trust I shnli be allowed
the privilege of making my
thoughts as practical as may be.
Why are our friends of the white
race so anxious to ascertain.collect
and preserve the "old-time legends
and stories" of the Cherokeos and
other Indian tribes of this conti
nent? What can bo the prompting
motive that induces them to send
out their agents, at great expense,
to ransack the wild surface of the
continent for aboriginal rclics.such
as flint arrow-heads, stone axes,
barbaric jewelry, and even human
skeletons from immemorial bury
ing places ? Is it because there is
any practical lesson in these value
less things which history is anxious
to preserve for the benefit of pos-
toritv? Certainlv not. Is it be
cause they desire to reclaim from
oblivion, and preserve as much as
possible of the memory of the ex
tinct nations that left these relics
behind them on the sands of time?
No, that is not the secret of the
matter. The point is here : Our
white friends are working in the
interest of science, and it should
be our ambition, as well as our
pride, as a nation, to co-operate
with them in so great and glorious
Do you ask how these old relics
are to promote the interests of sci
encc ? Well, in this way. There
is ponding before the mind of the
civilized world at the present time
one of the groatest of all questions
for investigation. It is this :
"What is man, and where did ho
come from ?" The Bible answers
these questions pretty clearly with
reference to the white man. But
who is the Indian ? Is he a child
of Adam and Eve, or had he a pair
of progenitors of his own ? Where
did he come from ? That is the
question. There is only one place
to look for an answer to this great
question, and that is in his history;
and the only history of himself he
has left us is to be read in these
stories, legends and material rel-
The Indians themselves, especi
ally the Chorokocs, should take a
deep interest in this work. They
have many urgent motives pressing
upon thorn which exert no actuat-
inrr influence upon our white
friends, for -they are working in
the interest of a dry question of
science. The Cherokees, on the
other hand, should be prompted
by national pride, to see that these
fhets are collected and written,tlmt
the distinction of the tribe may be
preserved through future ages by
commemorative history. Death,
in its most mitigated form, is de
plorable, yet that nation is dead in
deed which has left no enduring
traces of its having existed, upon
the tablets of human memory.
There is one way in which the
Chorokees could aid the Bureau at
Washington more effectually than
anybody else. The history of a
nation is always involved in its
language. It is true, language.like
everything else of human inven
tion, is unstablc,and is continually
changing. But there is this pecu
liarity in the changes of language :
They arc always superficial and
not radical. The roots of the words
and the fundamental laws of ex
pression remain well nigh the
same from age to age. Take the
English, for example. A large pro
portion of the words composing
this article arc taken from the La
tin, and are but thinly disguised
by initial and terminal modifica
tions. Now, if Cicero were living
to-day, he might not at first be able
to understand md fully appreciate
the beauty and power of Webster's
groat "Reply to IJa3'ne," yet there
can be little doubt but that the old
Roman orator would discern among
the family of words that constitute
that oration, many familiar car
marks to remind him of his own
immortal phillippics against Cata
line. Nay, more, it would not be
difficult for the philologist to trace
in the English language a long and '
very distinct hne of ethnological
history, extending from Romulus
to George Washington, and identi
fying the Americans of to-day with
the aboriginal inhabitants ofrthc
Just so it is with our own Cher
okee tongue. If.it be the purpose
of science to visit the birthplace of
the Indian race to ascertain its ori
gin, she can find no better highway
back to that ancient destination,
than through the language of these
people The analysis of a few
Cherokee words and sentences, un
der the scrutinj of comparative
philology, would doubtless cast
more light upon the antiquity of
the Cherokee people than could be
derived from all the sepulchral rel
ics of the tribe that could possibly
But' how is this work to be done?
It can not bt ccomplished by for
eigners, except by contending with
almost insuperable difficulties.
Here we see the master obstacle
with which the Bureau at Washing
ton has to struggle. And the Cher,
okees should relieve them of this
embarrassment by taking the work
into their own hands. Who can
be so well qualified to systematize
and set forth the history and phi
losophy of their own language as
the Chorokees themselves? Or,
who should feel a stronger motive
or take a deeper interest in aiding
science as much as possible in the
investigation of these great ethno
logical problems ?
The Cherokees can do this work.
They have among them native tal
ent, many scholars of profound
learning, whose scholarship habit
ually revels amid the intricacies
of Greek, Roman, Gorman, Eng
lish and French philology as a
pastime. Yet the enterprise is a
great and arduous one perhaps too
great for unaided Indian individual
effort. The work should find sub
stantial encouragement at the
hanib of our national authorities.
At the regular session of the Na
tional Council in 1SS1, ifwas my
privilege to call the attention of
the Executive to the importance of
this subject. Accordingly the ques
tion as to the propriety of doing
something, in a national way, for
the cultivation of the Cherokee
language, was duly laid before the
houses of the National Council,
but the subject failed to elicit the
degree of consideration that its im
portance merited. It is to be hoped,
however, that the matter has not
yet bern laid in its eternal rct ; j
and that the time if not far distant
when our national authorities,
prompted by Hie sentiments of pa
triotism, as well as loyalty to the
cause ofluencral olhnological sci
ence, will take some e.ffectual steps
to fortify our Cherokee language
against extinction ; and by-means
of culture and dcvclopment,to give
it a guarantee of existence com
mensurate with that of the classic
Greek and Latin.
There is something in this sub
ject that appeals with a powerful
significance to the generous senti
ments of every true Cherokee. The
time is rapidly approaching, and
is near at hand, when the Cherokee
will cease to be a spoken language.
If a contingency of this kind
should betide our vernacular tongue
in its present limited state of cul
ture, having nothing in it to give it
perpetuation, it would not only
oease to be a spokenjanguage, but
it would be dead, and forgotten as
well. The relics of our Cherokee
literature would, in that case, be
looked upon with curious interest
by succeeding generations,' but the
thoughts that now beam upon their
pages would be forever scaled from
the intelligence of posterity. The
musty volumes of Cherokee author
ship would lie upon the shelves of
the luturc, aloug with the stone
axes and flint arrowheads, the sad,
unintelligible mementos of our de
It is not compatible with the in
stincts of national prida that a
Cherokee should live in view of a
fate like this impending his lace
and nation, without some stirring
sentiments of deprecation. Let it
be averted. Let the scholars of our
nation rally to rescue the memory j
of our nation from coming obliv
ion, and God grant that our na
tional authorities may, at an early
day, deem it meet to second their
JFURNITUItE ! ,
rv . .i
Largest Best and Cheapest Stock of Furniture ever brought tojthc
? ' r
SoxxrJLol Oixsos, Cofflnet,
23iiT3r Wo-sons, 2E3tc. DEZto
I have, or can make, anything in my line.
GXJS HECK, Seneca, Mo.
Boot & Slioe Maker-
rST" Ladies' and Gentlemen's Fine Shoes and Boots a Specialty.
ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED. 21tf
S. J. THOMPSON,
Yinita, " v " " C. N.
Calls promptly attended to, day or
uteht. Special attention given to
iurgcry and diseases of women
ID. TX7" X-,I5E3
Oowala, - Ind. Tex.
Will sell 'goods for Cash, as cheap
as any house in the Territory.
Call and Examine my Stock.
T. D. ROSS Proprietor.
I have recently taken charge ofthis House, and have put it
. in FIRST-CLASS Shape for the Accommodation of tho
Traveling Public. I set as good tables as any House
in the Southwest. Mcalsto Citizens, j2) Cent.
When in the City Stop at The 'Frisco.
VINTITA. Ind Ter
Vice-Pres. & Treas.
Supt. & Sce'y.
-rsopssoss OP TECS-
SENECA ROLLER MILLS..
in one ear and
Any person or persons knowing of
cattle bran Jed infE on left hin or side
r XU tn i)l lEr.J riihfr aiilo vhn
... ... w .. W.M. "-P9 - . .. .-.. .
will take care Hsl of an cc sal"
stock -will be well paid on notifying me )
at Prairie Oitv, C. K. I
lOtf R. M. WILLIAMS.
55 s' z-k c
.. L r-
Fay the Hiphest Mar
ket Price for
VINITA, I. T.
House, Sign & Orna
' mental Painter-
HOUSE TAJSTISG A SPZCTALTT.
.Shop on Illinois Avenue, opposite
Ravmond s Hardware Store. I9tf
O The Bcteks Guide fa fa
sued March and Sept, each
Tear: 216 pagea Szll
Inches, with over 3,300
illustrations a whole pic
tare gallery. Gives whole
sala prices direct tacwownen on all goods
for personal cr fnmilr luc Telia how
to order, and gives tract cost of every
thing yoa use, cat, drink; wear, oc havi
fun with. These invaluable hooks con
tain information gleaned from tho ma?
tcts of the worid. Ko will mail a enrr
Free to any addrc&a upon receipt of the
postage 7 cents. Letushearfxotayoa.
MONTGOMERY WARD & CO.
SS Jt S89 Wloi Imn aia la
W. B. HALSELL,
Post-offlce, Vinita, I T.
Highest caeh- price paid for ALL GRADES of WHEAT.
This tan I an-1 n.ar'ic crop and nn
Orders for FLOUR, BRAN and SHIl'-STUFFS promptly attended, to , ,i,Tbu cir har kept up on nnch.
I-Iuber ZVEillinjr Co.
SUSTAM YOUR HOME PAPES !
Various ea"- ninrks and .old brands.
t-, -,r ' Horn-Irin -h.rMNshoe on left shoul-
r-iencrn. ALo. ,cr an i ncr t.
north of Talsa
Post-office, Vinita, I. T.
Crop olf left
car and, split
B. F. MILSTKAP.
Post-offin, Prairie City, I. T.
"v y Branded with
QfeHH same brand
T on both .Rides
ffBrr and both,
r x, creck-
J. "W. ELLIOTT fc Co.,
Post-office, Yinita, I. T.
i jasderbit in
each ear, erop
oil of the left!
ed on left hip
Post-office, Echo, L, T.
I op.ritherside ,
jj xx, crop
oil right ear,
creek, T3. 2f.
Post-office, Chetopa, Kansas.
Split and bit
in right, ear
Cherokee rphaa AswMay
crops? left ear
Skiatook Post-office, C. Jt.
"W. H. XASXER,
Postoffice, Vinita, f.T.
Tost-officc, Frairio City, I
The February number of Demo
rests Magaxinc is both instructive
and entertaining. The serial by
Mrs. Champney is continued, and
shorter stories arc contributed by
Eleanor Kirk, Hope Leuyard, Car
lotta Perry and Miss E. B. Cheese
borough. Among the readable ar
ticles arc "The Yellowstone Na
tional Park," "The French Shake
speare," and "The Mcdireval Mys
tory of the Passion Play." Jenny
June contributes "Life in New
York," and the various depart
ments are well filled. "The Pom-
poiian Maiden," a fine steel en-1
graving, forms the fronlispiccc,and
there arc other admirable illustrations.
A Toiibstoxe, Arizona, dispatch
of the 2d, reports fresh Apache dis
turbances and that four men had
been killed by them in Sonora since
Under the control of William P.
Boss andBev. J. W. Scroggs, Edi
tors, and George W. Miller, Busi
ness Manager. Published weekly
at Vinita, Indian Territory, at One
Dollar and Fifty Cents per annum.
Non-partisan and independent, it
will be devoted to the Political,
Educational, Business and Beligi
ous rights and interests of the peo
ple of the Indian Territory. The
CHIEFTAIN will be a safe and ele
vating visitor to every fireside in
the country, and the best medium
for advertising within the limits of
the Territory. Subscribe for it at
DTDIJJSr CHIEFTAEf PUB. CO.
Crop off of
left ear, un
crop la right
Some, cattlcf branded
TV.m on bin. Risht hip
GWOn IN,nn n:.. Ha
risht' hin creek.
si. ' S2 creek.
EVANS, HUNTHR & NEWSIAN.
on iOltl W-riLdoS KOb. .FJKiCH.
horn. Post-office, CofTeyvillc, Kansas.
roll V f Various
-- KCtv-4-v W-; --T
Half-breed rattle all branded
1 on left side and hip. gome ear-
markM m ana some fSEii
the lat-,icj teriscall-iyyjjed the
jinpje- bob mark. m"m Texas
Ktet-rs road-haand S0!3 on near
hide. Various ear- C niarka.
n.ucGE (.'oranianche county pool.
Post-Office, Lightning Creek, I. T.
c73 irw rj. n sen f
d y: a 3
-rto !''!. 1 t-tr I tl. Tat, T j:
4.i... C-ml'tv tfco Usttcd ialr. tin-'ln
IS- .! PniM. Cwimnr. C lUnd lKnkl-iit
I"'U Krl (m. ThtT-rrrn rrnn' exptttLTira.
. .JlnratirtnclillU.N. 4 CO.axDo'ivJ
laUaMiomRr AanurAt. tb laiot. r4.a.'l
m-t - - t- -itxirtrtl iWtfflerM1r W5i3'r.
H'rl: ' .-1' I furaiirc R I l:.f' -' J li
fnnm'ivn. i - rs. .t ..f -.lr t mer
jr.tT.. .-. .mi . i '.imjinc
Offer for mJc at KetalU
nv mini all rarietk of
Xarrrry Strck,lmtb Ira
tairtnl aad Uillrr, cs-
nriallT all tl nrw
IibrvU and Sctlhoc
of nirril of eartcm aoJ
fctTTLT Depot for
La- pe f'otcr,nrcn!ars
IUsdL Onlm. Oat net s 1 mne to Aeenl.ic I
alr.Frnitainl Hi'rrrrUtrlaiiJaII Hortt- '
culturali'uMlnttloiia, atlktpricc. Alnmholo- I
f!r for fall of 1-Sl vt thlenia!, rocUInctoa, '
tie. Jgrota a. war vaiitol Writr for trrma. I
S. C PALMER. Kanaaa Otj. Mo.
F. A LICE, Agent, Yinita, I. T,
SnOULD SUBSCRIBE TOR
IKE KANSAS CITY
V.-ch tssne contains a specially edited
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I4tr Br, Serial Stories, and Iilurfra
lijn of current cvonU. bciiJe tho latctt
and best Home MUcellany. l'rico Sl-Wa
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THE DAILY TIMES
f tho only Democratic paper west of St.
Louis publbjhinc f he full etcrn Associa
ted Press l)ipalcbei. rrico SI0L0O a year
f evon papers a weck ,--,
jvaniaa v nj, -uo.
Crop off richt ear, and swallow-fork in
0. 2. McCIeJIan.
Postoffice, Oowala, I. T.
' ! 11 "I 11 I
their reanlar ran oh Verditfris rirer.
filwivA Pnivl-'e Plitffa tnA nn fitly f I G tr.
I will bo libcrallr rcxrardod by ftriag in
formation of the same 'to Hells Bros. fc
D. N. Allen -P. O. Ikita, I. T.
marks aad obi
jsSgpeaBp C" "
Post-office, Vinita, I. T.
split in. left
bitajuLsino tasin right
at the head
creek. Kange, between Pryer'a .aad
Lightning creeks. t
Post-office, Tahlequah, I. T.
left side. ""
ed OC o hip
onlr to ahi.
. . .w .
nots nver, 4 mites east ot Tahleqaan.
Mrs. ISABELLA KEWMAN,
Postoffice. Skiatook, I. T.
Few cows rMI on Ipft siie. A few
cattle bran-K'fgS ded tti'rrH behind
left shoul- mim dcr ?WJ
rattle mostly WM doable
dewlapped. Horse brand C. 31.
on left side. Ranch on Cancy.
w. u-. jiritiPiia,
Pist-olDce. inita, I T,
lmile, Ranch on Rock Creek, Osage Nation.
P"st ffite. .1 and Fox Agoncv.
II o r s c,
brand K on 1
r amw fjf t t r V
- . ,
ma'lij, crop I
off the rich f 1
, and swa.low fork in It ft. ajti i
11 ii 1 m afnf
P O., Coffey.
Wolf creek. 20
miles -south of