Newspaper Page Text
lietwd Every Thursday by-tlu
1J. UHTEFTAIX i'UnUSHISG LO.
at XWvWn ltBlIOra
H". Jliller., ...... Business .Xaaager.
VINITA, I. T-, APRIL 24, 1SS4.
-Tax cases growing out ef Payne's
invasion of Utlahoma will come
I cp next week for trial before the
U.S Dittnet Vtm it at T
The Secretary of the Kavy, in
accordance with the joint resolution
if Congress has offered a reward of
(25,000 to the. private individual
or ship that shall discover Lieut.
Greeley and his Arctic party.
Da. Jakfs G. K. Rax bat of Ten
nessee, died, a. short timo since, in
the S7th year of hi age- Dr.Bani
say was the author of the "Annals
qf Tcroessee from 1789 to the Close
of the IaghteeathCfi;ntnrT,,,awort
in which is to be feuad coadderable
'history of the Chcrokees during
Imdm Laass la SerenMr.
The Senate of the United States
has passed a act looking to the
-allotment of their lands in scveral
; ty, in limited quwUities, to Indi
t , whenever, in the opinion of
the President, It may be deemed
expedient. The land allotted i3 to
fie inalienable for a period of 25
- cars, and the residue is to be sold
fur the beoeat of ike Indians. This
will lead to the adeptioe ef the In
1 dians as eitiaees ef the United
States, and the breaking up of the
. tribal orgsaixatioas. If there were
"any reasoBable ground for hoping
-lhat sach policy will be executed
i good faith, and not lead to their
robbery in detail, instead of in the
aggregate, &we might be but little
cause to apyefcomd evil far small
'tribes who are now under the
thumbs of U.S. agents. But we
Hre fre to aay thai we have grave
loubts of the reaslts ef the policy,
and are opposed to it because the
sale of unallotted parcels will lead
jTernasjiiBc of the Indian
Territory, a it is doafetless intend-
, cd shall be ddtve by the advocates
of thai bill.
The five civilized tribes are ex-
Lcmptcd frost Ae provisions of the
thill, but they need not expect to
tscape its Influences. Indeed, the
idition of things among the
Cberokees. ia regard to their lands
is such as to call for the serious con
sideration, and prompt action of our
t-XatfoBal CeuaciL We aro no ad
vocate for allotment. "We have al-
irays opposed it, We are opposed
to it now, and will continue to
oppose it ail we aaay he driven,
to a different course br force of cir
cumstances. And this we say, sot
imply because we cling to the po
litical rights of our people, and to
the perpetuation of their communal
existence, which, would be crushed-
y the new policy, but because we
Dcfccrc that every creature bom on
earth is entitled to a hone, as well
as to air aad water, and becaase we
look with disfavor on the legal sys
tem or tenure waxen inaxes vagaj
bonds of the BEltitude and son-
archs of a few laad monopolists.
And it is this sentiment that
prompts us to- express the opinion
that sound policy and common jus-
ice demand further legislation on
the subject of our public domain
lv the NatiowJ Council. The
greedy, graspiBg spirit of the day
1 is cxtendisg to our laads, as it docs
to grass, timber, coal, petroleum,
; lead, stone, and everything else
iich is supposed to possess pos-
tiMe pecuniary value. And the re
sult is that our laws on the subjects
cf rents and leases are almost open
ly defied, that fraud and corruption
are resorted to in order to get a
foothold in the country; that large
tracts of land are appropriated to
individual mse, and leases executed
to unauthorized persons under our
permit laws, and one pretext and
r.nother, to increase the number
and extent of claims. And all this
under the expectation and intent of
converting It sooner or later to in
dividual ownership. But these ra
pacious creatures should remember
"ihat the ownership of these lends
Js in the entire people ot we L-ner-
$kce Xatioa ; that the humbleat
Indian hasaninterest in them equal
io the highest, and that that iuter-
' est will be asserted and protected
sooner or later. .The sooner the
Miifnilvis in onn"!iviiifn l.i't'ctav "Rttt ihrtt TViiTnnmTaVfi tph
that such as did not. wmt to the the original name for the Sabbath, 1
bad plaie when theyitlul tajST Fori
breaking the commandments off
God in doinc- so. he .uronibitcd
their ever coming torHim, andjj
Again, it is said that before com
ing to this continent, while in their
own country, they were in great
distress from their enemies, and
God told them to march to the top
fof- s certain;- mountain-, -and- He
would come'dowttand afford them
relief. They ascended.far up the
mountain, and thought they saw
something coming down from above
which they supposed was for their
aid. But just then one of the war-
u,6U u. -Uu. .-. I w hole pcriod of Hghfc
His compamons.rcprovedhim.hut ' Tntfi-rtnt,
instantly a sound like thunder
struck the mountain, and God told
them to go back, as He would do
nothing fbrthem. They killed the
offending warrior, but, notwith
standing, God would not forgive,
and had not blessed them since, as
He had before. Shield Eateb.
The Cberokees commenced their
natural year with the first new
moon of autumn. At that period
they said the world was created,
with the fruits ripe. The first au
tumnal new moon, therefore, they
called No-ti-tc-iiua, or the great
new moon, from which the other
moons were reckoned. 3Iany of
the modern Chcrokees differ from
the ancient in making the great
new moon the last instead of the
first of autumn ; buf in this they
dirTer, not only from their best an
tiquarians, but also from the mat
ter of fact, as the first, and not
the third, nor any other, was hon
ored by a great national thanksgiv
ing. YU-Wl-YO-KA, TeKRAPIS
Head and Others.
rWe nrosose to rive from one to two
columns per week, for a wbtle, to Una
folijcct. trery one wiio knows any
facia of the ancient history of the
ClfcroUecs, or any of the tribes in the
.Indian Territory are requested to far
nub them for this column.
The JJuUriek Collection, 1822.
Though, different Chcrokees as-
Jgn different reasons for their de-
IinC, yet all, so far as I know, as
cribe it ultimately to. the displeas
ure of God towards them. Thus
Korae say the reason why the In
dians hare not prospered a3 much
fc" n-Inf f ib bpin;( the women
uptimes taken measures to
But though the first moon of au
tumn commenced the year, as re
lated to the beginning of time, and
the succession of moons, yet the
first vernal new moon began the
year as related to their feasts con
nected with the fruits of the earth,
because then the fruits of the earth,
or vegetation, begins to spring up.
From various writers and authors
quoted by 3Ir. Boudinot,it appears
that other tribes, as well as the
Chcrokees, observed this two-fold
commencement of the year"lhatis
at the time of the autumnal and
vernal equinoxes. Startn theWest.
The year, time immemorial, as
far as is known, they denominated
Sute-ti-yo-ta, and why it should be
stated by ilr. Boudinot and others
that they had no name for year, we
The Chcrokees divided the year
into twelve moons, which, accord
ing to all the aged antiquarians I
have conversed withjWcrp arranged
in the following order: No-ta-tc-
qua, Tulisti, Tuniquati, Uskiyi,
Uquatotani, Kakali, Anoyi, Kuwo-
ni, Anaskoti, Tchaluyi, Kuyoquo
ni, Kaloni. How they supplied the
place of the Neadar of the Jews
cannot, perhaps, now be deter
mined, but as the Choctaws had
thirteen moons, and as they and
the Chcrokees were ever, as far as
known, on friendly terms, is is
probable that they had, anciently,
something like the thirteenth inter
ialary month of the Jews.
.Anoyi, strawberry moon, com
menced the year, as respected all
their feasts of first fruits. And, as
its name indicates, the period of
strawberries, or when strawberries
began to get ripet It was doubtless
tne new moon or tae vernal equi
nox, embracing a few days of March
and the month of April. Xota-te-qua,as
the natural year, and made its ap
pearance when, the fruits were
ripe and the leares began to decay
and fall,which was evidently about
the time of the autumnal equinox,
embracing the latter part of Sep
tember and the most of October.
SmTxn Eaieb, Teheapis
appointment of the Sabbathby
Yihowah, always expressed it by
The other days (nights) of the
week, aside from Saturday, Sab
bath and-Monday, they reckoned
by the ordinal numbers as third,
fourth, ic, from the Sabbath,, or
three of the week, four of the week,
A:c. The day, consisting of twenty
four hours, extended from twilight
to twilight, and was called Susohi-
to Two such days were called
Talitsusohia (-18). This day was
divided between the light and the
darkness; that part including the
light wa3 called Unotaquatta, the
days were Tutifsutotaqutta. The
other nart, including the whole of
the darkness, was called Ulitsoto
quotta. Two such, nights were
called Tutitsulitsutaquotta. The
24 hours were again divided into
Ika, da, and Snnoyi, night.
These were again subdivided into
1. , sundown ; 2. Ikaloke,
between sundown and dusk; 3.
Alitoska, twilight; 4. Uwohitsita,
from the commencement of dark
ness till 9 or 10 o'clock ; 5. Sunoyi.
tlustoli, from 9 or 10 o'clock until
midnight; 6. Sunoyi4 midnight(tho
middle syllable strongly accented);
7. ; 8. Dkitsakeyi, cock
crowing and thence till daybreak,
i. e., white light springing or ris
ing up ; 10. Ikaatiha, dawn ; 11.
; 12. Tikalukga, sunrise ;
IS. Sunalestoti, the time from sun
rise till the middle of the forenoon;
14. Ulutsitiika, near the middle of
the day ; 15. Ika, (strong accent
on tho first syllable), noon; 1G.
Itluistoti, shortly after noon, that
is, a period from 12, or noon, till
probably about the middlo of tho
afternoon; 17. Usohiyeyi, a period
commencing at the close of tho
above, and extending till near sun
set; 18. Tsihnawla, or Tsiunawo,
a short period before sunset, when
the rays of that planet have lost
their force, and the air has become
Has a Full and Complete .;
Stock of k .
GENERAL MBRCRAflDISB !
DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, SADDLERY and HARNESS,
GROCERIES, HATS & CAPS, GLASSWARE,
BOOTS & SHOES, QUEENSWARE, TINWARE, ic.
At Goody's Bluff and Chelsea, I. T.
-Stock at both points always complete and prices low. High
est price paid for Hides, Wool and Furs. S2m4
S. J. THOMPSON,
IN V IN IT A.
NEATEST, CHEAPEST AND BEST SE
LECTED STOCK OF
Staple and Fancy Groceries Constantly en Hand. Afss Cat
tery, QHeeiisw&re, Werdenware, &c, at the Old Reliable
Grocery House ef
G. C. IRONSIDE - - Vinita, I. T,
SPLENDID STOCK I CHEAP GOODS 1
CTjATEESiIORIE, I- T.
Keeps constantly on hand the best selected stock of
The year was divided into four
seasons of three months each : 1.
Ulukohisto, Autumn; 2. Colah, or
Konah, winter ; 3. Koge, spring;
4. Kogi, summer.
The year was again divided Into
six seasons r Ulukohusti, embrac
ing the two moons Notatcqua and
Tulisti ; Kolah or Konah, embrac
ing Tuninoti and Uskiye ; Nolatihi,
including Unolotani and Nagali;
and Kogihi , including Anaskoti and
Tchaluyi; Kuyo, embracing Ku
yoquoci and Kaloni.
The moons they divided into
weeks of seven days each. A week
was called Unatotaquahi ; and three
days of the week had dificrent
names, viz.: Unatotaquoski, Sab
bath ; Unatotaquona, Monday, i.e.
the day after the Sabbath; and
Unatotaquitena, the day before the
Sabbath. These three names, how
ever, were not always familiar to
all the people. 'When the observ
ance of tho Sabbath was neglected
its appropriate name seems to have
been lost-among many of the com
mon people, who reckoned their
From the edition of Messrs. Geo.
P. RoweU & Co's Americas News
paper DmncTOET, now in press,
it appears that the newspapers and
periodicals of all kinds at present
issued in the United States and
Canada reach a grand total of 33,
402, This is a net gain of precisely
1,600 during the last twelve months
and exhibits an increase of 5,G18
over the total number published
just ten years since. The increase
in 1S74 over the total for 1S73 was
493. During Uio past year the
dailies have increased from 1,13S
to 1,254; the weeklies from U.092 to
10,023; and tho monthlies from 1,
091 to 1,499. The greatest increase
is in the "Western States. Illinois,
for instance, now shows 1,009 pa
pers in place of last year's total of
904, while Missouri issues 604 in
stead of the 523 reported in 18S3.
Other leading Western States also
exhibit a great percentage of in
crease. The total number of pa
pers in New York State is 1,513,
against 1,399 in 1SS3. Canada has
shared in the general increase.
The Pension Commissioner has
ruled that soldiers who lost an eye
arc entitled to 43 a month; they
have received S4 heretofore.
January. Harvest is now ended
in most districts of Australia, and
shipments have been made of the
new crops. Chili,New Zealand, and
Argentine Republic are harvesting.
February. Upper Egypt, India.
March. Egypt, India.
April. Coast of Egypt, Sinia,
C3prus, India, Persia, Asia Minor,
Mexico anu Cuba.
May. Persia, Asia Minor, Al
geria, Syria, Texas, Florida, Mo
rocco, Mid China, Japan, and Cen-
June. California and Oregon,
Southern United States, Spain,
Portugal, Italy, Hungary, Turkey,
South Russia, Southern France,
Greece, Sicily, and some of our
July. Canada, Prance, Germany,
Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Rus
sia, Poland, most of cur northern
States and Austria.
August France, Germany,
Belgium, Holland, Denmark and
September. Scotland, England,
(hops and roots); America,(niaize):
Sweden, France and north Russia.
October. bcotland, r ranee, and
November. Australia. Peru and
December. Australia, Chili, Ar
Consisting of Dry Goods, Gro
ceries, Hardware, Queens
ware, Tinware, &c.
jffi-Agent for tho "John Deere" Molinc Plows and Farm Machin
Won't be undersold by anybody. Sec my stock and p-:ces.
CT-iA.FL'MmJkAlOl'Fr, I. "2?-,
Keep alwavs on hand a complete assortment of BEST GOODS at the
LOWEST PRICES. s-Look over our stock. Price our goods
and be convinced that we will sell you goods as cheap as any house
in the AVcst SaT Highest pricepoid for Furs and Hides.
Beard & Hicks,
CLAREMORE, I. T.,
Dealers la Staple a Fancy Erocgries,
Stoves, Tinware, Patent Medicines, Wooden Ware.
Rifchey Roller Mills Floor Constantly on Hand.
S-Stock alwavs completo and sold at the ORE AJPT3ST
cash prices. HIGHEST CASH PRICE paid for JBMe lOnrs
and "Wool- EXAMEJE QUE STOCK. 24
Largest, Best and Cheapest Stock of Furniture ever brought to the
ZB"uu1,xT Oasos, coffins,
ISSatoy w asons, Site. !E2to
I have, or can make, anything in my line.
GUS HECK, Seneca, Mo.
J. M. WHELAN,
Garp&ntsr M Builder.
S0T15G BOILDISUS A SPECIALTI.
Shop opposite Win. Little &. Co's
Store, Vinita, Ind. Ter.
B. F. FORTNER,
Physician and Surgeon,
OFFICE "With Dr.S.J.Thompson
-W. R. DAVIS, M. D.
VISITA, - 1SD. TEE-
Boot & Slioe Maker.
mS1" Ladies' and Gentlemen's Fine Shoes and Boots a Specialty.
ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED. 21tf
OoTrala, - Ind. Ter.
Will sell goods for Gash, as cheap
: as any house in the Territory.
' Call and Examine my Stock.
Scc'y & Treas.
SENECA ROLLER MILLS,
, SSlnSIO, 3SE"VUT03Sr Oo., 3VXO.
.Highest cash price paid for ALL GRADES of WHEAT.
OrJers for FLOUR, BRAN and SHIPSTUFFS promptly attended to
FBOCLER, Superintendent and Business Manager, SENECA, MO.
itants belore their wecKs ov ?cvcn aavs, catling me Calls prompuv attended to, dav or
d forbidden: seventh Uloquatiika tor Ulumlo-! n,ff?vfA,ir"rj;!!:?-to
- cuii:li t auu utowAOM ui n uutu
aies died ' gwatnka) the glorious or excellent J and children.
JOEL B. GENTRY & CO.
locnit Grove Farm,
(Eight Miles Northwest of Sedali-,)
nnesoERs and dealers is
Short-Horn, Hereford and
JACKS JSTD i7S272TSTS
Am! Denmark Saddle & Harness Horses
Have at present 'oOhigh grade and pedipreed Short-horn bulls; 300 high
mutfUereforrt balls ; one car of Polled bulls ; one car of hich grade Hereford
licinfc; 300 hili crule Short-horn cocs in calf by Hereford and PoUied bulls
Wo aro prepared to inaku contracts for future delivery for n number Come,
andy us. Respectful! v, JTcel 23. deea.cy Ss. Ca,
lCyP Hugbeaville, Pettis Co., 3Io.
VINITA, I. T.
House, Sign & Orna
house PAnrrnfa a specialty.
tC-Shop on Illinois Avenue, opposite
Raymond s Hardware Store. lOtf
Pay the Highest Mar
ket Pnce for
X K-.CS 2
OTHaBcrrss' Gcrcz Is h
sued March and Sept, each
yar: 216 fages, 8irllJ
incites, vita orer 3,300
iHcstrations -whole pic
tare gallery. GItcs whole
sale prices direct (a oraaaurt on all goodl
for personal or family use. Tells ho
to order, and gives exact cost cf every
thing too use, cat, drink, arear, or hare
fun with. These iavaluablo books con
tain information gleaned from the mar
kets cf tho world, "tt'e will mail a copy
Freo to any address upon receipt of the
po&tage TcenU. Letushcarfrcayoe.
MONTGOMERY WARD & CO.
Sr A M Wataak Ansa Olnik IS.
G. VT. GKE3?T,
rost-officr. jnita, I. T-
CmppfTleft cir and
split in right.
Jlangt On Jones
northeast of Vi
nita, I. T. 23
A. P. GOODYKOONTZ,
Tost-offici, Vinita, I. T.
Various marks and
old brands. ,
Ranje On Fryor's
creek, 15 miles
west of Vinita-, 1.
IV. O. PATTON & CO.,
Pojst-ofBce, Vinita, I. T.
Smooth crop in the
II rees branded the
same on the left
Bange Rock creek
Bulls For Sale !
JL Select Lot of
25 TTFATt OF THOEOTJGHBaED &
I have on hand 25 two-year-old
extra high grafle bnll3 five Hol
steins, balance Shorthorns. "Were
shipped to this point early last fall
and are thoroughly acclimated.
Will sell them at a bargain for the
next fifteen days. w Call on or ad
dress W. TT. KCSliaORE,
16tf Cherry vale, Kans.
Pt-office, Vinita, I. T.
. each ear.
' m. south
i of Vinita
Iv. & X.
&ki W'r! w
Post-oflice, Vinita, I. T.
. QnpotT lt
B.F. MH-8TJEAIS!? .
on both s&fcs
md bo t h
Postoffice, bac and Fox Agency.
i cattle brand
Postoffice, Vinita, Ind. Ter.
Some cattle br'nd'd
I on left side.
Creel;, nine miles
northeast of Vinita
P.O. Vinita, LT.
Rane on Big Ca
bin Creek. 3 miles
south of Vinita.
W. T. DAVIS.
P. O., Viaita, I. T.
bin t Duck
"W. E. HAT.3T3IiTj.
Post-office, Vinita, I T.
and swallow fork in left.
Ir b o
Jt IT nn
off the right
Post-office, Echo, L. T.
- f Brandeven-
MgHH 'Bp; either si ia
T afara, cr. p
IIM oS rigBt ear.
HH Trader slepectf
9W W creek.C. X.
Kia ritb. ear
iMK and swallow
kiatook Post-office, C. N.
Jt IB3 J
A M t
' CD 5
"n'l JHRllHr,- wjRlMWj i ,
I 1h.ii I mn.1 ntiit mnrt i tn nn.l nn aK "wViV K
I u VM' "v w n. avV 4V Ui- V N V. It
Wr h. Xrnxm&. jfc.
Postoffice, Vinita, I.T.
left car, bb
St. Louis, 31o.
The Oaly Wholesale Yard in S.
Xeois Accessibla by Sail
1. Every railroad eateting St. Louis
is directly tributary to these yards.
2. Teias shinncrs sue informed that
connection with these vards from the
Iron Mountain A Southern railroad can
be made without cost and with much
less shrinkage than to any other.
3. These vards have the peculiar ad
vantage of being located on the St.
Louis side of the river, from which
five hundred thousand people draw
4. Every packing house in St. Louis
has a regular buyer stationed here.
Bnyers of cattle, hogs and sheep, both
for the home market and eastern ship
ment, arc at all times represented.
5. lor comfort and convenience these
v.nnla lin.ro no sunenor in the conntrv.
Two lines of street cars approach here.
Hotel, telegrapn oiaecs anu otner con
veniences for stockmen on the premises
IV. A. RAMSA.Y, Pr-sideat.
Secretary and Treasurer. 1
2 ins Iran-1 and id.-uk (crop and un
der' jt . T ra- h enr ktpt trp- on ranch.
at 3 r r Tk9 ap f--''l brands.
Horse brar I horse-shoe- on IcftMioul-'
ii.a n c li. on i
e i c h t miles
jiortii of Tulsa
oiijc cattle trniBSett
cnh.p. Right hip
on right aide.
K. 31. WTLIiIAMS,
Post-office-, Praine City, I. T.
ri h t
mmmiiiiiiiiiiiiiivi h. -t-i""
fc. iXrSe-M 1
THiES BQg.- PBIGG.
Post-office, CotTeyville, Kansas'.
thr regnlar ranee on Verdirrii
above Cocdy's Bluffs and on Big creek,
will be liberally rewarded bv.ajria in
formation of the MTaa to Waffs ftoas. &
( EVANS, HUNTEH & NEWMAN.
Evansville, Kb n aw a.
Postofilca, Chelsea, I. T.
Smooth, crop off
oi leit car.
Range four miles
west of Chelsea.
post it COREY,
PostofGcc, Chetopa, Kans.
E C on right side.
1 Also O on nght side
itange on nead
waters of Little
Post-office, Chetopa, Kans.
D. JX. Allea-P. O.
Half-breed cattle all branded
on left side and hip. Some ear
markedflHB and somelSD
U!e 1st-Welter is call-fced tho
jingje- oopmarg. Texas
steers road-baand KftFM on near
side. Various ear- marks.
uaxoe C'Jiumailche county pool!
ai. w. couce.
Poet-OHlv, Lightning Creek, I. T.
Crop o3 right ear, and awallow-fortia
C. IL McOlellan. -'
Postoffice, Oovrala, I, T.
Smooth crop andunderhack in each ear
Post-office, VTnita, I. T.
creek. "Range, betwe.an.
bit lad line
Post-yfficc, Tahlequah, I, T
oaly to sUp.
nois rn-r, 4 miles east of Tahleqaaa.
Mrs. ISABELLA. NXWaCAX
Post-office, Skiatook, L, T-
Horse brand I Z.
iewcows 9fPJM on- hrt side. A few
cattle l.ran-HWaiJ del R3BI bo hind
left slioul- Kftai '! r ftV5
c a 1 1 le mostly com doable'
dewlappe !. Horw brand CT3J.
on It ft side. Ranch on Cancy.
Post-office, Vinita, I. T.
Undcrbit in each
on left hip.
Cabin and Fryor's
W. G. NELMS,
Post-office, Viiata, 1. T.
S r - ' " . it
Ranch on Rock Creek, OsageJUtion,
Wolf creek. 20
miles south of