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.P.fc,.. ........ ...Editor.
C TIT. miK ..Bariwss Manager.
iTDCITA, I. T., MAY 15, 1SS4.
Xim-sormsGisn is manifesting
itMlf ia n aggravated form in Con
jruiw. It not only grinds np the
hoathen Chiaese, bet proposes to
prevent the istrodaction of cheap
labacfroa abroad, and to prohibit
nJl osiekJere, individual and corpo
rate, from, aamirinc; title to real
ooUto. "We need not say that the
jfcfcics engaged in these measures
re ifeose who howl most Ioudlrbe-
: the Indians in their wcak-
; arc forced to practice thc-sine
jwJicy. Ye hypocrites I
A corbxsposbest inquires by
what authority pojicemen or guards
are stationed at dances and other
awesiblages, for their protection,
t the expense of the Nation. In
reply, wo hare to state that we do
ot know that such is tho practice,
and, if it is, tire not aware -of the
lw twder which it is done, except
Wider the general authority which
ewwtitates our sheriffs conservators
ml the peace. The law gives religi
es, political and "social" gather
iags asthority to appoint persons
to preserve order and quiet, but we
fail to recall any provision, if one
exists, that empowers .sheriffs to
af point them at the pnblic ex
pense. But there maybe such pro
vision. By the way, the all-night
dances indulged in by a portion of
ws Shawnee citizens led tothcin-
(siry, and we take occasion to say
that it is about time, in our opin
ion, that such performances should
become Jess frequent. They are
prod-active of no good, but of sick
e and immoral tendencies. The
time kit perpetuating them among
lb Ckerokees has goneby, and the
seoaer all classes of our people
adapt their habits and sentiments
to-the changed and changing con
tiB of affairs among them, the
better It will be. We are not big
oted nor hide-bound, on such qucs
ttMH, but the sooner paint, feath
ers and kindred tomfoolery in
dulged in by people who ses and
appreciate a belter and more dig
mfedway, are consigned to the
pact, the better will it be for them
is a orai, material and progress
ire pcint of view.
City Timcx. Whether real or pre
tended wc do notknaw, but when
it is remembered that-Powhatan
was no Cherokee, the presumption
of the thing is laughable, at least,
although scarcelV a whit more ab
surd and brazen-faced than some of
its illustrious predecessors in the
same line :
Laweesce, April 23. A most
extraordinary case of inheritance
by birthrigfit has just come to
light in this city. There has for a
number of years lived in this coun
ty several families of Quakers
named Wilson, For the lastyoar
they have been diligently search
ing their genealogy "and find that
they are in the line of descendants
of "Pocahontas of Captain John
Smith fame, and that by the law
of inheritance they are entitled to
all the privileges, property and
monios allowed the Cherokees in
the Indian territory. The familios
embrace fifty-throe individuals, all
of whom have the same rights m
the territory. They have received
alJ their papers from Washington
and all that remains for them to do
is -to locate their land and receive
all the benefits given to the Chero
kees by the national government.
Gen. S. C. Armstrong, Principal,
will please accept the thanksof the
Editor for the invitation to attend
the anniversary exercises of the
Normal and Agricultural Institute
at Hampton, Ya.,the 22d inst. We
regret our inability to accept the
invitation, as it would afford us in
finite pleasure to become fully ac
quainted with the methods of train
ing which have rendered Hampton
and Carlisle so successful in prac
tical Indian education, in the hope
that the time may yet arrive in our
own national existence when simi
lar mcthods,so far as might appear
to be desirable, may be introduced
and similar results achieved.
We refcrrcd2 in a recent number of
te CmEFxujf, to the compuca
tioas which arise from claims to
.E&MBship in the Indian Territory.
There are to-day hundredaof per
oks in the Territory who. are
iura to the Department as in
truderSj of whom complaints have
bee Bade by the authorities of
dxSereal tribes, and yet nothing
k8 been done to carry outthepro
visions of existing laws"and trcat-
Sa on the subject. Instead of en
forcing law, it looks as if law was
keld in abeyance, and a policy en
eearaged of overrunning the In
dians by degrees, ana nndmg an
exease for the old plea that there
are too many citizens to be re
stored, and that they must hare-
law for their government, and the
Indian must make room if he does
sot wish to be flattened into non-
entitr. To show that we do not
overstate the case, let us refer to a
few facts within our own observa
tion. A Jamily which, had lived for
years in Arkansas, and within a
caeple tr thrce days' journey of
the Nation, if they ever heard that
tfeey were Chcrokees,never thought
it worth while to assert or claim
the rights arising from their de
scent. So ignorant and indifferent
were-lhey on the subject that when
the idea of the possible value of
sach a thing prompted them to
asevo in the matter, they even ap
plied to another tribe for recogni
tion. Finally they turned their at
tention, to the Cherokee Nation.
Their rights were investigated and
rejected by tho National Council.
Afterwards they were passed upon
by a commission on citizenship in
the Nation, .and again rejected, and
their removal asked. But influen
tial persons at Fort Smith inter
fered the IT. S. Agent at the time
encouraged them to remain. A
prima facie cape was made out, and
for more than ten years between 40
and 75 of them, including numbers
of full whites who are identified
with them by marriage, have beon
domiciled in the Nation, cutting its
timber, cultivating its lands and
defying Indian authority, under
the protection afforded tliom by U.
S. authority on their prima facie
A family of several persons be
longing to the state of Kansas were
induced by the potse of a UJS.dep
Bty marshal to enter the Territory
and put up a claim to citizenship,
&s the easiest way they bad of
liquidating a board bill; and in the
country they have remained ever
But as if to cap the climax in
The Condition of the XaBge.
Our reports coyer the entire
range country with the exception
of a small area in Arizona. "Spot
ted" is the only word we can use
to designate the condition. Tak
ing the- northwestern ranges as a
whole the starting of young grass
has been slow. There are spots in
Albntana, Idaho, Nevada, Wyo"
ming and Colorado where the grass
is now several inches high and the
cattle are shedding off. But there
arc many other places where tlu
grass is yet small -and Jslock have
to still depend somevhat on the
old crop. Still there is now no
fear of further losses save from an
occasional animal bogging around
tho water holes. New Mexico,
Arizona and Texas ranges are gen
erally well covered with gras3 and
with the exception of ono or two
localities .stock of all kinds is rap
idly taking on flesh. From New
Mexico north.and including a good
part of that territory, tho prospect
is flattering for an unusually hoavy
growth of gras3, caused by propi
tious showers and a snowfall of
more than average deptS. Noth
ing but a general and long contin
ued early drouth can now' prevent
the cattllc of the whole range;
country from a vigorous growth
and a large per cent of ripe beeves
in the early autumn. Cattleman
have every icrson to fcol satisfied
and -hopeful. Xorthircttern Liver
ape, among the Yazous, a nation
about forty leagues from the Nat-chcz.-
This man was remarkablo
for his solid understanding and ole
ration of sentiments, and hi? name
was.gircn to him by his nation as
expressive of the man meaning
"the killer of pain and fatigue."
"His eager desire to see the coun
try whonoc his forefathers came,"
led him to obtain directions, and
he set off. He went up the Mis
souri, where he stayed a long time
to !cam the different languages of
the nations he was to pass through.
After long traveling, ho can- to the
nation of the Otters, and by thorn
was directed" on his way until he
reached the southern ocean. After
living some time with the nations
on the shores of the great sea, he
proposed to proceed on his journey,
and join. d himself to some people
who inhabited more westwardlyon
the coast. They traveled a great
way, botwoen the north and the
sunsotting, when thoy arrived at
the village of his fellow-travelers,
where he found the days long and
the nights short. He was here ad
vised to give over all thoughts of
continuing his journey. They told
him that the land oontinnod a long
way in the direction aforesaid,after
which it ran directly west, and at
length was cut by tho great water
from north to south. One of them
added that when he was young he
knew a rery old roan who had seen
that distant land before it was cut
away by the great water; and when
the great water was low many rocks
still appeared in those parts. Mon-
cachtape took their advice and re
turned home after an absence of
five years. Star in the West.
TJie BHltricb Collection, lS2i
Mr. Boudinot, speaking of tho
Indians, says: Thoy divide the
year into spring, summer, autumn,
or the falling of the leaf, and win
ter. Kolah is their word for win
ter with the Cherokee Indians.
They subdivide these, and count
the year by lunar months or moons.
They call the sun and moon by the
same word, with the addition of
day and night, as the day sun or
moon, anu tue xusnt sun or moon.
They count the day by three sensi
ble differences of the sun, as the
sun coming out, midday, and the
sun is dead, or Eunset. Midnight
is half-way between the sun going
in and coming out of the water.
Also by midnight and cockcrow-ing.
They begin their ecclesiastical
year at the first appearance of the
first new moon of the vernal equi
nox. They pay great regard to the
first appearance of every new moon.
They name the raribus seasons of
the year from the planting and rip
ening of the fruits.
I rTli it-i? vnn-r nfiha VlniT Tn.
w. ... J -w. ...I, ...fcl.Jl4. AAA
dians, according to Charleroix,
seems to' hare commenced about
the time of the autumn cquinox,aa
did that of another tribe montioned
by 3rr. Bartram, that is, when the
new crops had arrired atmaturity.
Star in the Wert.
Mr.Boudnot, in his introduction
to the Star in tho Wost,sars : This
subject has occupied the attention
of the writer, at timos, for more
than forty years. He was led to
the consideration of it, in the fiist
instance, by a conversation with a
very worthy and reverend clergy
man of his acquaintance, who.har
ing an independenv fortune, under
took a journey (in rompany with a
brother clergyman, who was desir
ous of attending him) into the wil--'-.:ss
between the Allegheny and
i,r- "rippi rivers, sometime in or
.- ac years 1705 or 176G,boforc
;. - jite people had settled be
yond the Laurel Mountains. His
desire was to meet with native In
dians who had never seen a white
man, that he might satisfy his cu
riosity bv knowing from the best
source, what traditions the Indians
yot presorved rolative to their own
history and origin. This those gon
tlemon accomplished, with great
danger, risk and fatigue. "On their
return one of them related to the
writer that, far to tho northwest ot
the Ohio, Tie .attended a party of
Indians to a treaty with Indians
from wost of the Mississippi. Here
he found the people he was in
search of. He conversed with their
beloved man, who had never seon
a white man before, by the assist
ance of throe grades of interpret
ers. The Indian informed him that
one of their most ancient traditions
that a great while ago they
Monsieur LePagc du Pratz, in his
socond volume History of Louisi
ana, page 120, informs us that, be
ing exceedingly desirous to be in
formed of the origin "of the Indian
nativos, made every inquiry in his
power, especially of the nation of
the Natchez, one of the most intel
ligent among them. All he could
learn from them was that they
came from betweon the north and
the sun setting. Being no way sat-
isucu witu tins, lie sought lor one
who bore the character of Ieingone
had a common father, who
towards the rising of the sun
govorned tho whole world ;
all the white people's heads wore
under his feet; that he had twelve
sons, by whom he administered his
government; that his authority was
derived from the Groat Spirit, by
virtue of some special gift from
Him ; that the twelve sons behaved '
very bad, and tyrranized over the ,
people, abusing their power to a
great degree, so as to oiTend the
Great Spirit exceedingly ; that He, !
being thus angry with them, suf-!
fered the white people to introduce I
spirituous liquors among them,
made them drunk, stole the special
gift of the Great Spirit from them,
and by this means usurped the
power over them, and, ever since,
the Indians' heads were under thci"
white people's feet. But-that they
also had a tradition that tho time
would come when tho Indians
would regain the gift of the Groat
Spirit from the white people, and
with it their anciont power,, when
the white people's heads would be
again under the Indians' fee.t."
Mr. McKcnzic, in his History of
the Fur Trade, says that "the In
dians informed him that they had
a tradition among them that they
originally came from another coun
try, inhabited by wicked people,'
and had traversed a great "lake,
which was narrow.shaHoiv and full
of islands, where they had suffered
great hardships and much misery,
it being always winter, with ice
and decp'snows. At a place they
call the Copper Mine River, whero
they made the first land,the ground
was covered with copper, over
which a bodv of oarth had since
been collected to tho depth of
man's height. Star in the We&t.
The Business Centre !
CHOICE STOCK OF GENERAL MER
CHANDISE On Grand Biver, 4 Miles East of Cliotcaii,
IS" Our stock of Dry Goods, Clothing, Notions, Hats, Groceries, Quccnswarc, Tinware, Cutlery'
Saddlery, Harnoss, Boots and Shoes always complete, and sold at lowest prices.
I Have Purchased tlio
' GRAY EEOUftDTCr AM) SAW MILL, .
And am. Prepared to do a General Mailing Business.
P. O., Choteau, - - - ind. Ter
Where you can depend on getting
GOOD G-QQlOS, IF'.AXF OSAXj;
W jf H IB aJ' WF 61 ,tS? jh aiS?WyH llllVlID
Q. "W. GHHSS',
Post-office. Vinita, I. T-
Crop off left car an (I
split in rizht.
Kang On Jones
northeast or Vi
nita, I. T. SU
A. P. OOODYKOONTZ,
Post-office, Vinita, I. T.
Varion3 marks and
Ranje On Tryor's
creek, 15 miles
west of Vinita. I.
W. O. PACTON & CO.,
Post-office, Vinita, I. T.
Smooth rrcp in the
Ilorsos branded the
same on the left
Kangc Rock creek
Post-office, Vinita, I. T.
i cae u car.
i near 3L,
K. &. T.
. 1 T
-i- IC?aK5rsfi H
Postoffice, Vinita, Ind. TW.
Pome cattle br'nd'd
J&sS on left side.
jg Kane On
trceir, nine miles
northeast of Vinita
T. F. THOMPSON,
P O. Vinita, I. T.
BFlf p iUT-'-i-J
Range on Jti? Ca
bin ('reek. '' miles
south of Vinita.
"W. T. DAVIS.
P. 0., Vinita, I. T.
Of Everything needed hj the proplc rf tS- Xaticn. Jy longjaperienee
has taught me just what kind of goods the people want.
I Carry No Dead Stock!
bin & Duck
JESS3 H. MATES.
I jf t;vi1Inar-G.fc .
' and underbill
unders-'ope i J
Postoflice, Vinita, I. T.
il "H T"-
Crop off Itttl
ens t creek.
B. P. SHLSTEAD.
Post-oEcs, Prairie City, I. T.
same brand .
on both sic
:llfl J Z .-
Postoffice, si' ail Fox Agency.
ITo ra 1
brand K cm
and shallow fork in left. 'JOit 1
rost-oiUcc, Echo, I. T.
oQ right car.
under slope oj
Banzc. IIrs I
crock, C. X.
Prst-ollice, Chetopa, Kansas.
Split and bit
in right ear
The profits on goods I soil arc not eaten up by losses on goods not salable,
small proiits, and. will do so.. One trial will convinco the most skeptical.
Lean afford to sell for
rSSS P FJ1 PP R 8
Skiatook Post-office, C. X.
orand jutme 1
Ran :re oni
creek Osage "3
WITH A FULL STOCIC OF DRY GOOD. CLOTIITXd. BOOTS
JXG GOODS, GROCERIES, SlUEESSH'ARE, SCHOOL
)OTS A YD SHOES, II A TS, FURXISII-,
BOOKS, STA TIOXEin', dr. Come and
Cr. "W". G-ZELEEEDSr, -Vinita,, I. O?.
HOLD THE FORT
Larg-est Line of Hardware, Stoves and
Tinware kept in tlie Cherokee Nation.
W. E. HALSELL,
Post-office, Vinita, I T.
i H -2 J JBKS&Sfc2?3WtB& W.H.LIABKEE,
mi i I HI I ! - . - Postoflice. Vimta.r.T
11- - .'anl'iun n. i ro: and nn- Pa ''tWl -J
Idc-' . xachtar Utit ton ranch. .ttt333??l&3s
t?X iSSK r J -" r Jl H brand?.! ,-ef'p,S. .
& T-7 'i-, ,WJS eicht miles bin cm-. fcg 30tf
' R. ai. V.VIT.T.TAT.TS. II3RXS3SW
Post-olll.v, rrairie Citv, I. T. !gJsmi$ tn?iv
t . WTTTVr 1 - .. rm A UII'irfUIL
Kr SW 'i2.-w&n u
Crop off oM
ie car, nn
d e r h a 1 f
WELLS BEOS. & PBIQC.
Post-office, CoffcyrUle, Kansas.
and car marks
t )riki f rirtn I k rflniM Vnnlimia 7-d
. ara& lUCUiai Aiv Uk. L4V4ti4d lltrii
no4xf n ' abov-c Cooily'a BtuUd and on Bip creek-J
" - i win iw lilH-rnllv ntir.inlfvl Iiv trivia m-
Tig 11 t formalion of tfii Kntn tn W'plln riroa. 3c .
Prigs- ' ;
C a 1
Allea-P. O. Vinita. LTia
EVANS, HTTZrrEB fc NEWMAN.
Doors, Windows, Window Glass, Paints and Oil,
Tn fact everytliing you want in the Household line.
For Good Goods at Bottom Prices go to
jt2L.m -Sm JET 3k- JC J-WJL-J-J -I V IlX vTJr 9y
A convention of cattle growers of
the United States and Great Brit
ain will be held in St. Louis in No
vember. It will be very largely
attended by person engaged or in
terested in the business, and suit
able measures hae been taken for
fhf ir . uteri oinnirnf nml fnr mnb-
ihos'i f!9(!. wi clin thp following' nflhcir wie-t men. and was li.ii.nv j , ..i . r 4i. ........
, L. 0 , , j. iu i;iv ui'jwia ui nil- tiu villi 'ii
ftom iMe number of the Kansas to discover one naui'd M-nca1! 'jT---fui
The Only Wholesale xaras in b.
Lonis Accessibla by Bail
1. Every railroail enterlnp Pt. Louis
is directly tributary to these yards.
i. Toxas shipMrs aio informed that
connection with these yards from the
Iron Mountain tt Southern railroad ran
Ik; made without cosr and with much
Iera slirinVaL'e than to any other.
3. These vanls have the peculiar ad
vantage of IhTiuz locatel on the St.
Louis side of the river, from which
five hundred thousand jieojile draw
tbeir provision supply.
t. Every pacKing bouse in St. Ixujs
has a regular buyer stationed here.
Ituyers of cattle, lings and sheep, both
for the home market and eastern ship
ment, are at all times represented.
5. For comfort and convenience these
vards have no superior in the country.
Two-lines of street cars approach here.
Hotel, telegraph olficcs and other con
venances fjrstot kmen on the pit uiises
Y. A. R MS Y, President.
Sec"1 tary and Treasurer. I
rostofflce, Chelsea, I. T.
Smooth crop off
of left ear.
Mange four miles
west of Chelsea.
PoST & COREY,
rostoflice, 'hetopa, Kans.
K C on rishtside.
s5Q. Alo C on nchtMde
JCanpto on noau
Wli. ot l-itlk
EvrKYBODY Knows It. When you
have the itch, salt rheum, galls or tkin
eruptions of any kind, ami the piles,
that you know without buing told of it.
AI. Fraz.-c vt Co., the druggists, nil!6ull
. ou Ir Dtsanko's 1'ile RcnirJv for 00c
which affords immediate relief, and is
a sure cure f.rt.thtrcf the above d s
rost-ofllce, Cnetopa, Kans.
b'moot h crop and underLai '-. m cadi ear
Post-office, Vinita, I. T.
1'ndcrbit in each
Horse brand same
tn left bin.
( alin and l'ryor's
r- v,-,-rSi5.S?Yf1 wltri I
Half-breed cattle all branded
on left side and hip, Some ear
marked rair and sunu frasn
the lat- lLsl ter wcall-lvwi el the
jingje- bob-.iarfc.'k" Texas
steers rond-baand ttEZX on near
side. an. .us e-i--- bSM0i:lr.4
"k.vs;e Coinmanche ctunt y iool.
.'!'. --t'lvk, I.
split in left
ear, under- ,
tag in right
at the heai-j
creek. Range, between
Post-office, Tahlcquali, I. T- 1
ed OO-on 1
marks. Sold !
only to Ehife.
T7mM Ft It-
! noia nvr r 4 mips east of Tahleouah. i
Mr3. ISA3ELLA NEWMAN,
Post-oflicc. ?kiatook, I. T.
i 1 Bww
Crop off right car, and swallow-fork in
O. M. McClellan.
Potollice. Oowala I. T.
Ranch -n Ixkleek, Osage-Xatioa. 1
tewpowsRixm on ipft skJ, A few
i-ftj&TflB 'I"1 &m behind ;
.. .. i iii i r i ri
a 1 1 le mostly c2fc51 doable
li wtapil. il.,rM brand C. M
wn left side. Ranch on Cauey.
"W. G. NEI,MS7
P. -T-oirn-r . Y.u.ta. 1. T.
c r i e S, !
P O, Cofley
1 elf creek. 3)
miles south of
C auVyviIIc, Ka