Newspaper Page Text
irjwiHf kjcj m?j iw2.r.jjm
Tte Una CiMii,
INriritab Krery Thursday by tho
Ixet.o; Chieftain Pl blisuikg Co.
Wau P. Imc, Editor.
V. W. XMtr.... Bvslaess Xnuyer.
YIXITA, I. T., MAY 22, 1SS4.
1- B. "Wheelek, the murderer of
J. P. Xrtthews; in NbYcraherlast,
ia Copiah coanty, Hiss., J133 been
a profit interest in a nior nv'.rv We for, mlli'arr resorva.
profiiaLkMnvesimjmtt.andIjLiitcresLl pot r fHgaand custom lious
arising or accruing Siercfitai plaaf tc 8 navy yards ott , bat no onc!l
...1 .. . 1 4 .t? .?. IT .a. l"l x -,. , . -r
cu as luiii iuienaiiuivic v,iiiCK- ( supposes surii iniuu io DC pan OH
asaw Treasury. Section S fixe 1 the oSblic domain5l But. asff-lS
imtf nj" iviiwnmifntinn a 1 a( 4k Mn-A.I .!.. ... a j!XI1"B,
The Senate branch of Conffrcss
. . . " ii
as paeeu a mil to place u en. u.
g. umntasa general
tfamd list of the army.
1 on the re-
W. BecAX Cash, the South. Car
oMaa otiaw,-5ras killed in an at
towpt te arrest Mm at his father's
a ncf the night of the 14th. Inst.,
y Depaty Sheriff E. T. Sang and
poooe rf teamen.
Tax 31st instant is set apart for
tfee consideration of bills pertnin
mg to Indian aSairs in the lower
3ouce of Congress. Among the
la we important of them, the Globe
Dtwtecrat says, is one which has al
ready passed the Senate, opening
is white settlement about one-third
ef the Sioux reservation in Daco
ta. - .
the Dcleaatca' comnensation at
$1,250 each. Section! nuthorizo?
the Governor t fill all -rarancie
which may ante by appointment.
Approved Slay 14. "
No. 7, ordering the destruction'
of wire fences : Section 1. Be it
enacted bv the Legislature of the
Chickasaw Nation. That the Gov
ernor be authorized and empower
ed to order one client! or Constable
set this bevond disput?,section&l
of the Revised btatnteg savs rtthn
HanHs'rncrao'od iird&V reservafluiT
by any treaty, law. or proclama
tion of the- President, for any puf-t
poe, snail not ue sunject to tlie
rights of pre-emption unless other
wise specially provided for by
law.'' Preemption laws only ex
tend to unappropriated lands, and
lhesc lands were appropriated to a
of each county of this nation To pertain "use "by "the-trdaly " under
Tfc bill to attach, a port of the
IiMaaa Territory including the
Cfciekaeav and a part of the Choc-
4n Nation, to the Eastern, and
Xarthem Judicial Districts of Tex
as pawed the House of Reprcsentn
tires the ISth inst by a vote of US
jmb to 11 noes. It met with , op
pski from Messrs. Rogers,
Dam Breckenridge and others,
wfsported br Messrs Culbertson,
taers. The bill will go to the
Saaate foe concurrence. One of
tk avgnaents resorted to by the
opaoaeata of tlie bill was that a
Coarta&otild be established in the
Territory which was novel at least
ia view of the iact that measures
f that character have met with
mfc,TB and determined resistance
frMftthe Court at Port Smith, and
members of Congress from Arkan
sas se fer as we remember any
thing to the contrary. In the course
of his MEiarks in support of the
mestc, 3Ir. Stevens stated that
ia 1883 the total amount of expendi
iurte for carrying on and maintain-
ng tnc eoerts oi uie country was
$3,069,600 in round numbers, and
M Aat amount $156,943 was ex
pended in maintaining and carry-Jagaateeeoiu-tatPLSmitlu
iag fee last three years $473,043.99
was the east of that court, and of
tfeat sbjb $133,750 was paid to mar
ebak aad $163,000 and more paid
to witnesses. Jrr.Cnlberlson stated
that Jadgc Parker held court at Ft.
Sub 307 days in the year,andtliat
yet t&ese arc from. 50 to 100 persons
eoatinuallyinjail awaiting trial. If
tiiieiili becomes a law, asit proba
bly willr sooner or later, the Indian
Territory will be pretty well par
ikiefiea. between Texas,Kansas and.
Arkansas. "Tha bill, as passed, at
taches the Chickasaw Xation to the
na-rtaom district of Texas, with the
coarta-tDenison: and five counties
af the Choctaw Nation to the cast
era, wkli the court at Paris. It
leaves the other portion of the
CfceciaTr Nation to Fori Smith.
select five-good; reliable and well
armed and mounted men from
their respective counties, and pro
ceed as soon as practicable to as
sist in cutting any. and all so-called
wire drift linrs and wire fence
pastures in excess of tlie law, one
section down, to the prescribed
limits of the law in relation to
fencing the public domain, and
arrest the owners or offenders and
bring them before the proper juris
diction for trial under the provis
ions of the aforesaid law, except
such persons as have already been
indicted for similar offences and
are awaiting a hearing before the
courts. Sections 2, 3 and 4 pre
scribes pay, etc Section 5 makes
the act take effect from and after
its passage. Approved Hay 14.
Nearly all tlie wire fences aimed
at in the act lie between the Rcl
River and the "Washita, and the
97th and 95th parallel of west lon
gitude. Immense pastures have
been" inclosed there, ostensibly in
some instances by citizens, but
really, it is asserted, by the cattle
men of Gainsville, Tex. In some
instances these ivire fences are
from twenty-five to forty miles
long. At a point a few miles west
of Kim Springs the post-holes are
dug and preparations made for ex
tending these fences north to the
Washita, thus making a drift-line
fence entirely across the west por
tion of tho Chickasaw reservation,
from Red River to tho Washita.
The promptaction of the extra ses
sion -will end this scheme for tlie
present. Governor Wolf has ap
pointed ex-Govcmor Cyrus Harris,
S. Reynolds and Johnson Kltte
delegates to Washington, pursuant
w me ioregoing aci. inc iiegisia
lure adjourned sine die at 12:30
The St. Louis Globe-Democrat
eoaiains a list of the acts passed
by the Chickasaw Council, down to
the 16th. inst. Among them wc note
the following :
1. Appropriating SC00 for arrest
lag the murderers of David Scaly,
Coaotable of Pontitoc county.
2. Prohibiting the obstruction of
mail routes, and fixing the penalty
therefor at from $50 to $500.
3. Joi-st resolution calling on
Agent Tnflls for troops to aid in
removing jntruuers from the Na
tion a class of persons causing
teeable throughout the Territory.
4. Aa act to define citizenship.
5. An act to make all permits
end the 1st day of January follow
ing the date of their issue, and
canceling permits where the per
son for whom they are obtained
leaves his first employer without
ais consent, and making it incum
beat on such non-citizen to obtain
another permit if he desires to re-
aiani in "Uie Nation.
No. 6. An act to send delegates
to Washington City: Section 1.
Bait enacted by the Legislature of
tse Chickasaw Aation that the
Governor be, and he is hereby
authorized and requested to ap
point three competent and effici
ent delegates, by and with the un
animous confirmation of the Sen
ate, to proceed to Washington City
before the adjournment of the
present session of Congress to op
pose legislation looking to forcing
tae frecdmen upon us as citizens of
this IvaaoB, and. to protest against
all rai' roads and territorial bills
tkat may have been and are yet
pending pefore Congress, and with
aaaple power to represent the
Cbickaeaws in the matters of in
terest wherein their common good
aed prosperity may be effected.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted,
that said delegation is hereby re
aaeetcd to make special investiga
tion! af bonded funis as to its gen
eral coadition and amount of an
nual interest derived from it, and
if they find after such investiga
tioa that said funds arc not yield
ing a profitable interest Uiey are
reauested to urge upon tlie secre
tary of the Interior and tho Com
wifioficrof Indian Affairs to put
such efsaid funds as arc not yield-
Pa jae's Pretexts.
Fokt Rexo, I. T., May 3. A
history of all the Oklahoma
"booms' which have been inaug
urated by Capt. D. L. Payne and
others would fill a book and afford
but little profitable reading. But
the persistency with which they
have been kept up has been sur
prising and has half persuaded
many honest readers that the move
ment must have some basis in
couitv or iusticc. A short review
of the situation will probably be of
interest, xirst, then, vyiere is
Oklahoma? It is bounded on tlie
north by a line as near 35 dog. 10
min. north latitude as can well be
expressed on the map, being the
southern line of the famous Chero
kee Strip, west of the Arkansas
River, its eastern boundary .since
the recent Iowa and Kickapoo res
ervations were taken from it, is
about 97 dcg. and 20 mm. west
longitude, its southern boundarv
13 the Canadian River. Its west
ern boundary is-practically the 9Sth
degree of west longitude from the
Canadian-River to th Cimmaron,
and thence up that stream north
west to the line of the Cherokee
Strip. Oklahoma, at present, is
about fifty miles in width from
east to west, and eightv in length
north to south. It originally be
longed to tlie Creeks and was se
cured to them by the treaty of
February 14, 1S33 in pursuance of
t act ot Congress of .May 28, 1530,
by which the President was au
tliorized to set apart the country
now known as the Indian Territory
for the use of Indians to be re
moved thereto from cast of the
Mississippi River. Bv tlie treaty
made August 7, 1S5G, Between the
Creeks and the United States,
Oklahoma was conveved to the
Seminole Indians! on the express
'condition that none of the land so
conveved -should be sold or other
wise disposed of in tlie future with
out the consent of both tribes. At
tho end of the late war Uie Semi
nolcs and Creeks were declared to
have forfeited many of their treaty
rights by having joined tlie South
ern Confederacy ,and new treaties
were made with them, as with the
omer civinzcu inoes. i uis treaty,
dated March 21, 1S6G, says : "In
compliance with a desire" of tlie
United States to locate other In
dians and freedmen thereon the
Seminolcs cede alid convey to the
United States their entire domain,
being the tract of land ceded to
the Seminole Indians by the Creek ;
Nation under provisions of articl
1, treaty of the United States with
the Creeks and Scminoles, made
Augut 7, 1S5C, in view of the ur
gent necessity of tlie United Slates
for more land m the Indian Terri
ritory". It will be remembered
that these Indian tribes all owned
slaves before the war. The eman
cipation proclamation set them
free. The United States Govern
ment, not feeling confident that the
frecdmen would be treated fairly
by their former Indian masters, or
be assimilated, or accorded tribal
rights, provided by this treaty for
a section of country upon which
they could be located by them
selves, precisely as the Cheycnncs,
Arapahocs, Iuowas, Comanches,
Wichitas, Pawnees, Sac and Fox,
Ncz Perces, Poncas, Modocs, Kan
sas(or Kaws), Osages, Potto wat
amics, Absentee Shawnees, and
perhaps sosne others, were after
wards settled. The title vested in
the United States Government be
yond question, but for a specific
Payne's cuorxo of actios.
cAnd here the trouble begins.
Gaj-tie and his followers claim
that, having been purchased from
the Indians, it ceased tu be Indian
territory and was released from
the operation of all laws enacted
for that territory, and bwamp part '
ot tile public domain ul Uu I mled
whicli tb wore acquired vis :
the use 'edmen and friendly
Indians viijm the Government
might wish to locate there. It
does not follow that those lands
must ajl be given to such tribes
immediately. They are hold in
trust for exigencies." By tlie treaty
of l.cCG many tribes have been so
settled, and presumably many
olhes will be. Payno's party claim
also that the recent act of Congress
prohibiting the settlement of othor
tribes in tlie Indian Territory
threw all unoccupied land at that
date into the public domain. But
the act does not say so. Tho land
was originally obtained for a par
ticular purpose. If no other friend
ly tribes are allowed to be settled
in the Indian Territory, this land
should be divided among those al
ready there. Besides, this act
may be repealed by any subsequent
Congress, and the work of trans
ferring other friendly Indians to
that country go on asbeforo.
Driven from those positions, the
Payne "boomers" claim that the
Oklahoma lands were thrown open
to settlement by the sixth section
of an act of Congress approved
July 27, 1S6G granting lands to aid
in the construction of a railroad
and telegraph line from the States
ofMissouri and Arkansas, which
reads as follows: "That the
President of the United States
shall cause the lands to be
surveyed for forty miles in width
on both sides of the entire line
of said road after the general
route sipdl be fixed and as fast as
may be required by the construct
ion of said railroad, and the odd
sections of land hcrebv granted
shall not bo liable to sale or entry
or pre-emption, before or after
they are surveyed, except bv said
company, as provided in this act:
but tlie provisions of the act of
September, 1S41, granting pre-emption
rights and the acts amenda
tory thereof and the act cntitlod
an act to secure homesteads to
actual settlers on the public do
iin, approved May 20, 1SG2,
shall be and the same is hereby
extended to all other lands on tlie
line of said road when surveved,
excepting those hcrebv granted to
said company." The Government
has continuously asserted that
these provisions of this act did not
apply to tlie lands in the Indian
Territory. The railroad company
did not claim that the language
3 uoted applied to land inthc'In
ian Territory. The United States
might be pardoned for granting a
necessary right of vra- through tho
Indian Territory against tho pro
tests oi an tne Indians concerned,
bnt none but a Pavne bummer has
ever before claimed that enough
additional land could betaken to
pay for building the railroad. The
treaty by which the United State
gimed title to the land provided
that U should net be uset for any
other purpose than the one named
without the consent of both Creeks
and Seminolos. This has not and
can not be obtained.
TIIE LAW DEFEATED.
In addition to this, Uie decisions
of United States Courts in similar
cases arc numerous and uniform to
the effect that whenever a iract of
loud has been once appropriated to
public use it is severed from the
public domain, and that applies
specially to the Indinn reservations.
Capt. Payne has been repeatcdlv
ejected from the Indian Tcritory
as an intruder. The law provides
a penalty of $1,000 for eaoh offense
excepting the first. Two judg
ments have been obtained against
mm in the Lmted States Districts
but nopropcrtv has been found
from which to collect the fine.
The law is defective in not provid-1
ing some other nunisbment A r im
pecunious intruders. An amtnda-1
tory act has lately passed the Sen- j
ale adding imprisonment, bit has
not boon acted upon by the Iluuse
In tho meantime the bbom gor? on. '
Payne sells certificate of member-j
ship at from $2 to $5 each, anl the
writer of this saw ono numbered
10,095. The surveyor of the 'col
ony" charged two of the men now
at Uiis post under arrest $35 each
for locating theirclaims, whicli fees
Uiey declared they paid. The
opinion of the Attorney Gcieral,
tho declarations of the Intirior
Department and the orders o Uie
Secretary of War are counte-1 as
nothing by Uicw men, as agtinsl
the opinion of Capt. Pavnc C
CHOICE STOCK OF GENERAL MER-
On Grand Eiver, 4: Miles East of jCnoteau,
SS-Our stock of Dry Goods, Clothing, Notions, Hats, Groceries, Quecnswarc, Tinware, Cutlery!
Saddlery, Harness, Boots and Shoes always complete, and sold at lowest prices.
I Have Purchased tlie
GRAY FLOURING KD SATOIILE,
aid am JPrcpared to do a General IVmii-ng JBxisiiiess.
G. "97. GREEN,
i5st-o5Sc. YiMtj,!. T
split in rijrht.
JIange On Jones
n-.rthfst of Vi
mta, I. T. 20
JESSE B. MA3X3.
in one c
A. P. GOODTKOONTZ,
rost-oflice, Yimta, I. T
Yark .is mar 6 anil
Ksnge On Vryor's
cftefc, T3 failee
west of Vinita. I.
P. O., Choteau,
THE OIL D RELIABLE
Where you can depend on getting
GOOD G-OOI3S, F"Jk.J3EL jDOSAJL;
TJSTGr ,:o.c3. PSiICEl .S X-sOfT"
AW O. PATTQ2T & CO.,
Post-office, Yiaita, I. Tj
Smooth rrop in the
Horses branded the
same' on the left
i Rja go Eock creek
- - - "
NATHANIEL SK1NKEE, ,
Pcst- "Bet , Ylni ta, L T. '
s 'PC in
i each par.
K. & T.
Postoffice, Yin-ta, fnl. Ter.
Nme cattle Itr'nd'd
I on left side.
St3 Kance 3n
L'rcefc, nine miles
northeast of Yimta
Post-office, Vinita, I. T.j
.car smA. J
Post-ofiiC2, Prairio City, I.
Postoffice, ac and Fox Agew
and swallow fork in ait.
Ppst-officc, Echo, I. T.
np. cither i
Full & Com
Pr t-ofiice, Chetopa. Kansa
fork in le
Of Ecnything needed by the people of the Xalhn. Jy hmgexpcrienec
has taught me ju$t what Hnd of goods tlte people icant.
I Cany No Dead Btock!
The profits on goods I sell are not eaten up hy losses on gods not salable,
small profits, and will do so. One trial will convince the most skeptical.
X cm afford to
p&lil 6Hi Miw 1 1
yL'l r5 tl uJ
WITJT A FULL STOCK OF DRY GOODS. CLOTIIIXG, LOOTS A XD SIWE', HATS, FURXISH
1XG GOODS, GROCERIES, (UEEXSfARE, SCHOOL BOOKS, SVAWOXRItl'; Ac.- CVitf vn-1
see me. ' - ...
k J& W SKIS I b HI Ih
ft IB IWi I Wm i J
Kii! L reei
MHl i Arv:...
W, ,111 ILLBiiHI left car
t3. thohpson, E -,- crw
- I O. Yiata, I T. ?i6?
1 WuHr " 1 -Kaaooniii-'Oa- . r
BRreJS-j '"1 (Jv-k. :; mires -MBK
HtBMQl south of Vinita. hK
"W. T.DAVIS. IwFM
u r. j , 'nua, x. i frn m iM ii
iB r CEsrokeo Orphan Asylum
Pot-cicc Y nita. I T. StJeS
t3All"r.,r ' -m. rr JANxT CAPTAINS.
s6Iror , SJfcTX t '2'- k Post-office, C. N.
Mil i ItTTi r f aTl " iosiai.cr, iasta,I.T. -
Ui 'i .t ..'r i .i r .f ii ux ou lAiu-h , i-r - M TJKJfcL Jatua. 1
Yir its i- ii i - si 'I ! rrtii.l -vJV ' "- B J
HOLD THE FORT
Largest Line of Hardware, Stoves and
Tinware kept in the Cherokee Nation.
Ut "i .r ' i .. .i r
Vir ii i." ii
H'--- .ira-. . !. r
-Kr and iij....
B IT. "TOTLLIAMS.
P si- " , T t Mr,
i? w.- . . Flu S
CZ5-I l.'S?'?'! 1
ajai"k.w ji. i.
i r.j,- an Tin-
M 1I Up OU lAllfh ,
i - a 1 'I rmi.I
v1 1 . ,ii Tpft Hul. It " -i- af!e bmn-'eU
iiria.fin inn. . i;t-tit tm
sm i- M" .".. "v
oa iisht nd
IB U i.Ui . " -.
r r.ir.l Crw-k. Man l.i
t LTtt1 miles
t Edrtaol SUsa
, T -1
jcl v a i
EVANS, HTJirEEB fc NEWMAN.
-VEIiLS BBOS. : SRIOO-a
and car mac
r-r-. rW -SM onrisn -j
..'.. .K H -7.1 1
l,r. I 1 il- WCBM'l
s.ik ir, i wBCi?iwa(u t-r -"
" Jrbit their regular raape oa VerdieruT ni
r?Trr , ' above Uotxly a lllutfn and oa Bie-
V-V,nrlwill Illiberally rnninln) irewirh
I,r,5, r formation of the same to W ells Ei
Doors, Windows-j Window Glass, Paints and Oil.
In fact everything you want in tlie Household Line.
u. a. AUen-P.
L ..."' 4-
Ilalf-brcetl cattle all brandivl
on left side an-t hip. s, me eaj-. i
mnrKtNiasyjar.ii s.i c
! tir i
The farms of the United Siitcs
are worth $10,197,(XX),000,whil; all
other real estate, including the
dwellings and warehouses of the
cities, the capital employed in the
uusmess, aim tne water power be
sides, is but $9,831,000,000; riil
readst and their equipment arc
worth hut $5,33G,000,00(; nd
mines, including netroleum wdls.
gold and t-ilver bonanza?, mil
stone and other quarries, arc worth
B. F. FORTNER.
"U'J-U-TA, X. X.
OFFICE AVith Dr.S..T.Thompsn
For Good Goods at Bottom Prices go to
Vinita, - - -
1 bob picrk.'
sme. ari. nsur fmnef4 marks,
kasuu vouiuuni '.i- ootuii tol.
O. Vinita. r.3
Post-office, Vinita, I. T. i
creek. K.inn 1iofftrMn
lx I. T.
The Only Wholesale Yarns in S.
Louis Accessibla by Bail
1. Evcrv railroad cntcrin? Pt. T.ouis
is dircctlv trilintary to those yard.
2. Texii tlupiere aic inronncl that
oonnoction ith thie yards from tho
Truu MountAJn Atfoutbernrailroml can
le made without coot and with mail.
Ii-ss slirinkao than to auv olluT.
3, These vanU have the peculiar ad
vantage of Wing located on the .yt.
Lonis side of the rtver, fmm whicn
five hnnilnvl thousand jMHpla draw
1. Eipry parkins hon in ft. Lonis
has a reunlar buver stationcxl hcn
lJuytrs if cattlo, hss and hherp. both
for the homo market and eastern tbip
ment, are at all tims ivprescnteil.
0. Pot comfurt and convenienco these
varda have no suncruir in the country.
'..d .. 1?ba. .- f r.A b-v4 . . . akH.h tfalfe A b
a j-wu ii iitra ui aim.-v tars uiMnv-ii uviv.
?IOTIU i:riLUI(;.S X SlTtLlLTI JI.it.-l. tclvsraph olfices and otlur ron
Postoffice, Chelsea, I. T.
Smooth crop off
of Ifft car.
Itanj -four miles
west of Chelsea.
J. M. WKELAN,
Carpenter and Builder,
PoST & COKEY,
Postoffice, Chetopa, Kans.
E Con nj;ht side.
A!o Con right aide
ICjnee on head-
wawih; ot tittle
rost-ofTice, Chetopa. Kacs.
fit- i i JUrVfTrn" ."7 GmmLmiSCcSSS
Smooth crop and ua Jerhack m cue h ear
States. But this f-rtainlv does! Fhon onnosite Ym Tittlp
not follow The Ujrtcd statt i ae Mwv, Vinita, Iiid Ti r
venicuccs for stncktnfcn on thepTinies
, A. It V31SAY. President.
Oiervtary awl Treasurer. 1
Kvekibody Kxoirs It. When you
hare the itch, salt rheum, palls or skin
eruption .f any kind, and the piles,
that jou knw without being told of ir.
M. Frazoe i Co., the druggists, will sell
you lr Bosanko's Pl Itcraedy for 50c
ti hull .iflbrda immediate relief, and. Li
a suro cure for ruber of the above dis
a .1 . '
Crop on" rigut car
m -frfc in I
C. Id. ilcCioUan.
Postulftcf, O.j.ala, I.
rost-oUv.e, Tahlennah, J.tl
cd OC on I
onlr to sbii
Hoisxiir, i ru i east ot TahleouaiCI
Mrs. ISABET.T.A NEWMAN,
J. O. HALL.
Post-office, Vinita, T. T.
Underbit in each
Horse brand same
rabin and Pryra
Few rows JnjSUJ
iik. A feoLt
a 1 1 c iu ii catoa double
dtw'a, rt i. H-rsc brandC. II.
.-n It ft sJe iUi.. !i on Cant-y.
"W; Q. NELMS,
P'iStflm, t 3 I T
Ol ilo k
1 t . T ri
u cKiaiJOA, x. j.-,
& KockCreck. Oaajrc-Xatza
1 O Ctoaerl
W- If creek. 2i