Newspaper Page Text
TU. J1' U V2AM3E m.
Tfe life! Ghlsftain,
Famished Every Thursday by the
Ixdias Chietaix Pomisnisa Co.
xB.nx. a at j U
8. X. 3BWer . . ..Ussiacss Maaajrer.
VIXITA, I. T.t JUNE 19, 1SS1.
A Little Rock dispatch to the
Kansas City Times estimates tlie
cr.'tk drive from Texas this season
w '! number 400,000 head, the bulk
cf tbem. going to Nebraska.
Theleeces inclosing largo pas
infM ob the government lands in
Colorado aad the northwest arc to
comedown. This has been ordered
froos the Interior department, and
wHTsaercly serve to hasten a oondi
ttoa already determined upon by
the stockmen, as the fence regime
i net brought satisfaction in
T&aec pars. Texas Pauhandle.
"Ix would be a good thing if we
eoald posh them (the Indians) off
Jat the ocean, "exclaimed Mr. Be'
iord in Congress the 11th instant,
while a proposition relating to the
Red Lake Indian reservation in the
State of Minnesota was under dis-'
ensslon. It is not doubted that a
y&emher brazen enough to give ut
terance to a sentiment so brutal
sad atrocious, on the floor of the
American Congress, is sincere in
its wttsranco, and we can there
fore only be thankful that the Al
Kiijhty has not endowed such a
creature with a power equal to his
Asn.ii to forfeit the unearned
lands granted to the Atlnntic & Pa
cific Railroad Company to aid in
the construction of a railroad and
telegraph line from the states of
Missouri and Arkansas to the Pa
cfic coast, and to restore the same
Xj settlement and for other purpo
fc, passed the lower branch ot
i ongress the Sth instant. It de
i!i s forfeited all the lands grant
c ' t said road by the act of its
c .titer, approved July 27th, 1SGG.
excepting the right of way and
loads for stations upon the uncom
pleted portion of the road. The
act ateo declares that "nothing in
this act shall be construed to rec
ognise the right of said company
io any land in the Indian Terri
tory, "or claim thereto on condition
or otherwise, except the right of
way and lands for stations." Good!
Very good, so far as the Territory
District or Oklahoma.
''Goneral Augur has constituted
a new military district to be known
as the District of Oklahoma, of
that part ot the Indian Territory
included between the Cimmaron
river and tne southern boundary of
Kansas and wc-i of the 96th meri
dian, including Fori Kcuc.
"Colonel Edward Hatch, Ninth
cavalry, has beau aligned to the
command ami i to locate hi- head
quarters at such :-uint within the
district as he may k ?;uaie.
"In addition to the troops of the
Ninth cavalry from Fort Riley,
Kansas, one' from Fort Elliott,
Texas, and one from Fort Supply,
Indian Territory, Colonel Hatch
is also authorized to call for addit
ional troops from Forts Sill, Elliott
It is expected that this more wiK
effectually seUle the vexed Okla
homa question." L'catetrortk
AaotiiarTaton Territory Invest!
gatiea. The following resolution, intro
duced bv Mr. Dawes, by instruc
tion of the Committee on Indian
Affiurs, was adopted on the 31th
instant, by the Senate. W'c arc
gratiSedat the adoption of this res
olution, as there is everv reason to
believe that the proceedings of the
comssktce will be conducted sim
j ly to the end of arriving at the
truth in regard to the state of af
fairs m the Territory;
Jfa-fcud, That the Committee on
Indian Affairs, orany subcommitte
'thereof appointed by its chairman,
is hereby instructed to inquire into
ne conuiuon,ot tlie several tntib:
Thp i-ttcr fnru M -tiluytun, -a! ' - t . .
I uiht wet k. "-now-, mat me :a hw .!! uioiiie ami
of usurpation and lnjusUmMMr nc piot tua unjustly
branch of UHisre in lociflating ftrcaties with us."
upon questions involving Indian
rightsJins not passed away. There
is scarcely any performance in the
recent action of this body, so wan
ton and flagrant as the bills which
passed an almost empty house the
31st of May, granting the right of
way to the" Kansas City, Ft. Scott
it Gulf, and the Southern Kansas
railroad companies through the In
dian J. erntory . i lie right ot emi
nent domain the doctrine, neces
sity the pica, and the grant to the
St." Louis & San Francisco Railroad
through the Choctaw Nation the
precedent, were held up by the ad
vocates of those measures to cx
cuso the violation of treaties, the
spoliation of our rights, and the
appropriation of our lands for the
benefit of private corporations.
After reading the whole debate we
are amazed that measures of such
direct and abiding wrong should
be allowed to pass with but few ex
ceptions, with such feeble resist
ance from members professedly op
posed to incorporating raonoHilies.
The begging, pleading and misrep
resentation resorted to byihe ad
vocates, show conclusively that
the ends would justify almost any
means to obtain thorn. If the Sen
ate should concur in the passage of
these bills, we shall regard as de
spised and broken down the IasU
burricr that protects the tribes of
this Territory from the destruction
of their political rights, the spoli
ation of their pronertv, and the ai-
proriation of their lands, under!
Jireicnces less cxcusaoie anu less
jonorablc than would be an open
and manly seizure of all their pos
sessions. That we do no injustice
in characterizing these measures as
we do will be apparent from the
protest of the delegation in Wash
ington asamsi uiem. inc iew
amendments made in the House to
the bills passed, do not affect ma-
tenallv the salient points of the
"These measures not onlv pro
ceed to take our property without
in any maimer consulting us. but
are full of new, clangorous and in-
i'urious propositions never before
icard of in any railroad charter In
any State or Territory, and which
wouldnotbc tolerated there. These
hills may. indeed, be called bills
to op n the Indian Territory to set
tlement. Section 7 of both bills
opens to settlement all along the
line the lands granted by it in the
second section. Besides tho right
of wav. stations may be created in
the discretion of the company,
where an additional grant of 300
feet wide and 3,000 feet long is
given them. They can also take
additional amounts for cuts and
fills, and on all of these settlements
may be made. These bt!ls,indced , !
provide for straggling towns and
settlements all along the lines. I
i i riiil-,anl
te violate its
Estimating the length of the
Kansas City, Ft.. Scott A Gulf rail
road referred to' dscwhero, aero
the Indian Territory to be 300
miles, the- right of way, 100 feet,
granted by Congress, will cover
over 3636 acres. The additional
strip every ten miles, 200 more
feet wide and 3000 feet in length,
cover more than 413 acres, which,
omitting deep cute, bridges, Ac.,
will make a fraction les than 40-10
acres. For this Indian land.bought
and patented, the members of th
llousc, in a spirit of great liberal
ity in disposing of what docs not
belong to them, and 4or which they
had already been paid, allows the
Indians the sum of " per mile,
equal to S15,00, which i-- qual to
about 53.70 per acre, and an annu
ity thereafter of $1 per iuile. or a
rent of a fraction o j $1 p.r acre !
The simple rtatenvut of suh a
proposition is the oi ly refutation
Tac Law or Jlarriagr.
As involving questions of impor
tance to many persstts, we have
obtained the following statement in
regard to tlie laws of marriage, as
they aflect persons ct.tering into
the'marriagc relation in the Indian
Territory, who are not Indian,
which was furnished, by request,
by a prominent mem'jcr of thu Ft.
Smith bar :
There is a U. S. statute to pun
ish the crime of biganv in the In
dian country. Sec.i35"2, U.S.Stt
utes at Larpe, provides : "Every
Ecrsou having a husband or wife
ving.who marries another, wheth
er married or smcle, m a territory
or other place over which th 2 U J?.
have exclusive jurisdiction, is
guilty of bigamy.'' Panishment,
fine net more than S00 : itnprir-
rcrmiis are not to ue required of j omnent not more tlian five years.
such settlers. Any one can lc in- Absence for five successive years of
troduced by the company under the cither party, without knowledge of
plea that they are emp!oyes,and ob-1 other that he or she is living, is a
tain vested lishb? in improvements
thereon, from which it would be dif
ficult or impossible to remove or
dispossess them. What railroad
company in the United States is
permitted to allow its laborers or
and bauds of Indians in the Indian it would be an open door to create
employes to settle on and build I minister of the Gospel, is a good
nouses, and malic gardens, aau ac
quire individual ri ghts on the right
of wav i in the Indian Terntorv
Territory, the tenure by which the
lands in the several reservations
in said Territory are now hcld,and
the character of their actual occu-
drinking saloons ami trading estab
lishments an along me line.
"We would further call attention
to the totally inadequate compen-
patioa and use, the condition and 1 nation for the valuable franchise
rights cf the frecdmen among said whieh inteferes with tlie cultivation
Indians, and the relation of said 1 and sucoeeeful grazing and other
tribes to the United States and to i interests of our people In
each other, and. the need, if any, Ivour treaties vu guaranteed to us
otlegislationinrespecttotlicsamej'tliat our legislature and courts
and for that purpose shall have
power to send for persons and pa
pers.examine witnesses under oath,
employ a stcnogranher, andsit dur
ing ike recess of the Senate at such
tunes and places as the committee
ehould have exclusive jurisdiction
of all questions touching the per
sons or property oc our own eo
ple. In these bills you propose to
! violate our treaties and insert a
provision for compensation that i
way determine - and shall report j altogether uiifair, unjuat and a
iwiir Ijrttvcuusjja iiuu. ;uiy reim-1 lnocEery. ine provisions 01 uicse
XBeadations they may see fit to bills for paving
make to the Senate at its next ses-1 viduals through whose farms and
sion ; and that the actual and nee-1 houses it mav ran are altogether
ssry expenses 01 soiu investiga
tion be paid, on the approval "of
the chairman of the said committee,
out of the contingent fund of the
In discussing a proposition con
cerning the public lands, Mr. IIol
uian made tnc following remarks,
which, after proper allowance for
the difference between the great
ness of the United States and the
weakness of the Cherokee Nation,
brings home for our consideration
very important questions :
"The question whether thci
wealth of this country the public be of any avail.
defense. I lenm from Judge Par
ker that I was correct sn my state
ment to vou that a i.'.arjiagp of non
citizens or of a non-cjtizen to an
Indian (without compliance with
vour laws in Indian country) by a
common Jaw marriage. It is a
valid civil contract, based upon oc
clesiastieal law, enforced from the
days of the reformation to the pres
Rev. Alex. J. Baird, D. D., of
Nashville, Tenu., died soddcnlv in
the Park Avenue Hotel, N. Y.. the
ISth inst. He was a distinguished
Cumberland irctyterian. and was
on his way to attend a meeting of
the Prcsbvterian Alliance in Bcl-1
Dr. W. A. Ueese, formerly of
Tahlequah, well known Ui rough -out
the Nation, is now driving the
editorial qui 11 on the Eureka
Springs (Ark.) Times, with his
usual vim and energy, and prom
ises to make his paper the best in
unjust and inadequate. Instead
of allowing the individual affected
to selcet one appraiser and the com-
! pany another, ami they, if aec ,
iary, to select a third, the cainmi--'
sion tluis created is packed t begin
with by allowing the third man t !
be selected by tin Indian bureau.
We know by experience what th.t
Thc Wll further provides for an '
app- 1 to courts which have by
their irganizatkm no civil jurisdiC-1
tioniii our countrv, and even if t
tliey had the machinery is far too
expensive and cumbrous, and the
distauco to be travelled too great to
In even' case the
wealth shall be centralized in the I expenses of the claimant would be
hands of a few, or whether public more than he could poseilriy reeov
measurcs shall be so framed as that
it shall be tlie most wide! v diffused
is a question of no locality. It is
as broad as the Union,and involves
results as enduring as time. For.
if a mistako is made at this time
in the disposal of this great body
of landed wealth still subject to
your control, and you continue the
policy of the last twenty years, so
a3 to still farther complete tlie cen
tralization of the wealth, subject
to national control, with every
agency of government tending in
the same fatal course to build up
the fortunes of the few. you will
imperii our free institution if you
do not render the continuance of a
free government of the people im
possible. A nation of free-holders
can alone guarantee the institu
tions of a free government. That
citizen who hopes for a good fu
ture, who hopes for the perpetu
ation of our institution:;, and would
Still permit this policy of giving
the public vcaltli to the ft r to
prevail, indulges in hopos falaliv
delusivc, for free government c-in--jiot
survive that condition of the
people where tlie wealth is in h'
hands of the lew, and the g - .a
. . . . . . . .-
or. As it is, the civil juriMUctiou
is now vested in our courts. These
have their regular sessions. We
venture to say that-their proceed
ings are as honorable aim fair as
those of any State or Territory.
The Atlantic and Pacific J!ailway
by voluntary agreement agreed to
refer every case involving civiljur
isdietion to these local courts. This
was done two years ago, and they
have never desired to change it.
Why seek now to violate our treat
ies and overthrow tlie jurisdiction
of oar courts?
'Some half-dosett companies are
now clamoring for right e way
through our country, more roads
than arc at present needed. Thc
wish to get valuable franchises
from our property to sell. They
will lllc ms for roads and brandi
es all ove. our country, and forbid
our people lrom using all theec
portions uf our property on the
pain of itnfiscaiion. If any fur
ther road are needed ue would
s-xiggest that authority 1- jnvon to
lh- Secretary ot the 1 tit n-.rtu h
! . 'tit negotntion-. tur v i r''l t
fiT t-i llil )n..w-irt t. 1
tsith tli a'Uhoritn
Lurgo StiK-k of Everything
in my lane to Si lo-t
OS" Prices Lower than any house
in the Territory.
Beits, Quirts, &c.
orrosm: svn ru incisco motel,
VIFiTA, ind. Ter.
Bulls For Sale?
CHOICE STOCK OF aBNBRAL MER
CHANDISE On Grand Kivcr, 1 Miles East of Chotonu,
xat"0ur stock of Pry Goods, Clotliing, Notion. 1 Tats, Groceries. Queensware-, Tinware, Cutlery
Snddlen-, Harness, Boots and Shoes always complete, and s.ld at lowest prices.
I JETave I-'urchased tho
GEAX ELOVSme AND SATf MLL,
-And am lJrcparcd to do a, General Mailing -!I3nsinss.
P. O., Ohoteau, - - - Ind. Ter
lYliere yon can depend on gettiiig
ara ci ""iE ir?i!m za, -s"
st-oIlne. iaii, 1. T-
- tl I oUog
.. ih'. njilos
I 1 t of Yi-
, i r. s
A. P. GOOfYKOONia,
r8t-o4Hce, i" '- I t.
V.in.ir-, mark and
Itanse Oh 1'rror's
croek, 1 " nil It's
west of rnitj. I.
W. C. PATTON fc CO.,
I'ost-of&rc, Vinita, I. T.
Smooth crop in the
H"raea bnn.lcl the
-iaae on the k-ft
lUK Itock creek
1 ATHANISI. SKXIIEB,
!..:-. ct, Yin.ta,!. T.
ax ar M
K v T.
tmr ! j sir:-zs
VSHS .' ebe V KS
VSSESSSUS ' .T?
r. T. 3SATXY,
ro:o3s , luAa. I T.
5ik or hli.
- . .w 1
V. GRAY, s
Poatofficc, Choutcaa, I. T.
T G on left si ,
iif UiaiK T
slope in each i
Kaat-c on Pr?
' creei, I T.
B. B. TA"SXOB.
Post-ofiicc, Vmi'a, I T.
car and split ,
n right. i
3. P. anT.STSAP.
Post-oriir Pr-uric City, I. T.
oa 00 ;ii siuae
ro-ii'ijn1, nita. In I Ter
-nircaUK ! ''an a
j on left si'le.
Rin e On
L-k. 111111- QlllCS
nurtUcat uf Yimta
(5?raiRi I re.
ff tT rSaf? -t I
O. .:i.ta, I T
Of Everything Haded by the i.tp1t. of tht XUioh. ihj longlcrjcriciTrc
lm tavffkt u jwA whctlind of go-jd the jtcoplc want.
TUneoR Hip "a
bin Cr.jek, 3 nulcs
south ot Yiaita.
"W. T. DAVIS.
P. (1., Vinita, I. T.
VT. E. KAt SELih.
PoBt-of3ce, VLnta. I
The profits on goods I sell are not eaten un by losses ori goods not 9labie.
small profits, and will do so. One trial will convince the most skeptical.
; afford to sell fr i
. vt- jU :
WITH A FULL STOCK OF DRY (MHtS. CLOTH IX!. HOOTS AXI) SHOES. HATS, FIRMS!!
ISO GOODS, GROCERIES, tL LESS WARE, 1CHOOL ROOKS, STA,TWXERr,.i : ('...:..'
G-. "W- G-S.miisr, "Viiiitaa, X. n
Potofiirc, ir and Fox Agcnty.
and aw.iilow fork in it-ft.
'yvtt5t op, cither side
oil "right, car,
creek. C. X
cropm left ear
and undcrbt !
Skiatook P.it-oilico, L
- a loft
1 a;e gn
l' .leJiw, snita I.T.
Largest Line of Hardware, Stoves. and
Tin-ware kept 3xt the Cherokee Nation.
i . mi, an-1 nn-
r ii! ( I ljranU. SSS . ik- ''t.u'i fit I
i r.M.-Bmt.-on Ieflhonl-i 2's o.i hip. I.. '. i.
?v J" V. .i :i i !i. oa . Ksiua Hv Ca
j -s --- i i 1 ni", l.in mrk
! 'lit l.ilfc'S i - - - - -'
n.r . !: uf Rtfa W5CJL.S BROS. Si PBIGO.
l. t. i Post-'-l'kiv L'.'ifcvviH , Kansas
Zj&Li oa right side
-. Pr - U.y, 1. T.
li ft t?ar.
23 J7 CD W 3E1 St.
mnj 1 1 i
tht-ir re.j'ur n-,'on
j?wTe Cto-It! il'r.ffi.
!! ")'-iallv rc"ar!--l 'v t (ic in
- i.. . -.. . t 1 1
kro ins or
i at'jt hrandeil
1JP, Oir of
Vi r'unj nrcr.
n t -1 1 s creek.
n; name t s Bros. &
D. N. AUou-P.
EVANS, HTJNTKR A NBWIAH.
Doors, IVindovs, "Window Glass, Paints and Oil.
Tn fact everytning you want in the Household Line.
O. Vinita. I. T.
4 J.U 1 tllI
-t jJlK', V
u I. r.
coffikts. .-. :
For Good Goods at Bottom Prices go to
. A vn u r Liit f
25 HEAD OF TH0H0UGIE3R3D & ' V,mh, ul,
The Only Wholesale Yarns in S.
Leais Aceesibla by Bail
1. Eionr Rulnal i-nt-r.-n? "-t I r..-.
is 'Hn-ctly tnl ntarv lc tl cm j.ii-H.
2. TM iiiKr ai? iufi'iiii--l 1'i.it
conniption witli tin m j.ir.l-. fn.ni Pull-on
Mountain ft "vntlu-'m railr.ia-1 -an
lie maiii itlint cost and with nmt-l.
Ii8 rhrinka?e tiiau to any oth-r.
3. Tlite vanlF have the jierttJiar al-
antat;e f Iwinij lH-atl on tin- M.
the river, lrom wnirn
thoUi-aiul ie"Jle draw
t'n ir in. iio i niipi .
j n-" f
body of the people impoverished. 1 1 whoui the proitertv in
Great estates, cet)CfiaiIv rrat
landed estalcs.arc a uir nac n t f r i
government, anil arepul c ciu i t
with safety cncoumgi Lnr c a
tion." Cherotci"? look 1 1 jia. 1 '
thiB w.iv all road- tla!
t'i I'l lllilt Ml 1 rnn-
t nn-i nr and huu .. 1 J
' I ' il f -ila 'if
r 1 ,n,vr-)'
ut",r- iu, I hi,i.rd t
'l7'"1 .inj an-
l! . i
- . . i;
1'trly lst '
1 . 'i
1 l I -M
r .r i t'.
- ir Mr
l'ostofBi-e, CTieiiiea, I. T.
Smooth crop otf
of Uft rmr.
iisi -A Cucisea.
Po5JT & CORBY,
tufiitf, !:-t 'l". Kn'1.
K (u nsiitMdi'
K.,r "ii n-'l.l -nlf
!I ni- m ii ad-
I.- i. .u 1-1 ilk
(.all 1 '. 1. v ' .
i r !;-i nuk of anv kind, n- il
'1 .11 M
' ii i.4 u
I'nt iS. o. Cm J.
I!alf-Sr.t..l cal'l- a" ' ranh-.l 5g
nn loft i:li- an I i . -.ni -ar-S
ui:irti-l WBj&i .11. -.-ti. RSSS KffiSa
tlii' lt-se?a5 tir i- ir-'l-EsrWi-.t the
ro.l-baan-l KJ4 n
-(.' iimaiii 10 loiinty jm1.
3C. W COTJCH. .
:. ' '.::.' ,(.'u.-k, I.T.
Cri ..tf nl.t iai. and -uu 'ow-Iutk m
i ft. -JOlt
O. M. McClellan.
1 toflkv, Oowala. I. T.
Sunxjlh i -ui- 1 '1 u.i.ii-i n.i' t. iii.u' i.ir W fvi
pTYrt'-j mr. 1 III ' ..1 awSSl
rrwk. K.in-ji , lietntH'n
p-dst tn left .
r it,, nntler--'
U t anil lino
at the heart-
nf IYvor'a j
Post-ollice, Tahk.iiuh, I. T.
t Jier idef
n ti rariotai
in r to ship,
Mrs. ISA3HLLA NEWMAN,
Pt-oftW- k. ik, I T.
aoisnir. 4 iii-'-1 i-f
uttU' lui.ct SUttA
c It sad
3 n I. ft snle.
llorw-brsr. IC. M.
1I.i- lran-II Z.
J. O. HALL,
l'jst-oliuu, Viuita, 1
'K'lh.ii. " NaUon.
. zzeH :
k. I A
w. "n. ni ;wri.
I W. G. HELMS. MB
-'"- ' "' Ta --
1 fi foiToy
v 'ir. Kas.
v r r-k. en