1Ksfi LrtH.ua j . &
CHIEFTAIN PUBLISHING CO.
VINITA, INDIAN TERRITORY, THURSDAY, APRU- 10, 1902.
VOL, XX. NO. 3S
Improves the flavor
and adds to the health-
fulness of the food.
Strength and Parity.
PRICE DAKINQ POWDER CO., CHICAGO.
Report of Col. Churchill Sent
to Senate by Secretary
Of Taxation to Support Free
Schools, and Itovlewsjtho Ab-
Bonce ol Educational ,Fa
cililies in tho Indian
The secretary of the Interio r has'
sent to the eonalo the report of
Frank Churchill, who -.was ap
pointed under a provision of the
last Indian appropriation bill, to
investigate and report as to
whether it is practicable to pro
Tide a systom of taxation of per
sonal proporty, occupation arid
franchises in the Indian Territory,
sufficient to maintain a system ol
free schools for all tho children of
the territory. Mr. Churchill's re
port is one ol the moat complete
that has been made on tho oflairs
of the Indian territory. Ho pros
enta detailed faclB concerning each
of the five tribes and etatlstios on
area, ."population, illiteracy and
other subjects of that character.
Ho BummsriieB the conditions as
"I find that upwards of hundred
thousand persona of school ago re
sldo In the Indian territory with
out free schools. Nearly 8400,000
of Indian funds is expended an
nually for the maintenance oi
tribal schools in which only from
12,000 to 15,000 pupils are enroll
ed. Only thirty towns authorized
to do so have raised a tax lor
schools amounting to about $50,-
000. There is not losa than 50
million dollars of taxable property
to which additions are being mado
almost hourly, upon which a tax
of one-third of 1 per cent would
amount to one fourth million dol
lars. An occupation tax would
yield (125,000 and a poll tax not
less than 8100,000, to which 8100,
000 to 8200,000 should bo added
for the tax on railroads, telegraph
telephone and other corporations
and franchises to correspond with
the above amounts. A small
"averaee income from land leaseB
would amount to 8100,000. The
total of these items is 8075,000,
and, in ray opinion, that amount
can bo raised without proving a
burden upon any person.
"To inalituto a systom of free
schools it will first be necessary to
divide tho territory into districts,
not to exceed thirty, and a tax
provided, tho districts to Uo Bub
divided into municipal townships
for school purposes, each Bald
townships being authorized to levy
a special tax for eohool purposes
when regularly voted, not to ex
ceed 1 per oentol tho valuation of
taxable property. The thirty dis
tricts Bhould be established at
once under the direction of tho
Secretary of the Interior and the
subdivisions made in order to
placotbo interior teclion upon the
same footing ne to authority to
tax themselves for schools as tho
Incorporated towns now aro, under
the Curtis act, Under such authori
ty these proponed districts may
levy a tax to supplement tho pro
rata amounts from the general tax
thus enabling them to provide
better sohodU and eatioolhouses
than the general of 'state t will
at first supply. Commissioners ior
oach dlelrlcl might bo provided by
election or appointment who
should constlluto a distriot school
board and also bo a board of as
sessors for return taxable property
to a lax commissioner for the terri
tory to be A) polnlrd by the Secre
tary of the In'arior. A board of
equalization will bo necessary for
assessing taxes on railroads, tele
graph, telephone, insurance and
liko companies and Iranohiaes. It
will also be necessary to appoint
supervisors to pass upon the quail
flcntions of toachers."
Withdraws Mis Opposition to Con
sideration of Statehood
Henderson has with
oppoeltion to tho oon
of the bill granting
statehood to Oklahoma, New Mex
ico and Arizona. His capitulation
carao niter a lively session with
Chairman Knox of the committee
on territories, and Flynn, Rodney
and Smith, tho delegates asked
for a day for the consideration of
the bill, stated that)he bad oppos
ed it und had held a conference
with the leaders of tho house ear
ly in the session, at which it had
been agreed that thera should be
no statehood legislation at this
session. He believod, he said,
that the territories, if admitted,
would be democratic ard that his
opposition had been based upon
Mr. Rodney protested against
that action. lie said it was unfair
for the spoaker to hold a tslar
chamber session and decldo upon
the rights of tho people.
Mr. Knox added that the mem
bers of the committee on territor
ies had beon converted by the ar
gument! presented by the state
Both Mr. Rodney and Mr,Flynn
insisted that Oklahoma and New
Mexico were as sure republican aa
were Iowa and if the republican
congress paeaed tho statehood act,
there would bo no question of
those territories remaining In th
The discussion which opened
with some heal on the part ol the
peakei, took a good-natured turn
and Mr, Henderson finally agreed
to fix a day for th consideration
of the meaaures.
He also indicated that he would
not offer any furtheropposition to
the passace of the bill. The dele
gates from the territories 'are elat
ed over their victory and now be
lieve that the bill will pass tho
house practically without opposi
tion, THEIR DECISION -FINAL
All Allotment and Citizenship Cases
to be Decided by Dawes
The Indian appropriation hill
has been reported to tho Senate
by Senator Stewart. Some impor
tant amendments were made to
the bill, by the committee.
Tho members of the Dawes
commission is restored to four in
number, the house having reduced
it to three, and an amendment is
insertod making llual the decis
ions of tho commission as to all
matters of appraisement and allot
ment of lands, and also in all
matters pertaining to the right of
citizenship in any of tho five civil
ized tribes. It la made unlawful
for any person to lay out a tract of
land in the Choctaw, Chickasaw,
Creek or Cherokeo nation in Indian
Territory, exoept with .the per
mission of the eeorelary of the
interior prior to (he delivery of a
deed to him, tho oflonee being
made punishable by imprison
ment. Authority Is given the
secretary of the interior to pay
Cherokeo nation warrants amount
ing to 8010,000.
MURDER AT WAGONER.
Uody ot Will Hayes Pound Near
Valley Depot Yesterday,
Early Wednesday morning the
tho body of Will Hayes, a young
man who has been a resident of
Wagoner for sometime, was found
nnar tho Valley depot at that
A knife wound in tho abdomen
and one near thu heart, told the
story of a brutal murder.
No clue has yet been obtained,
aa to the Identity jf hla aiurdorer.
Nearly every person ncoJs u tonlo
raedlcluo at llih time ot year to
bracoup and Invigorate the norvoui
eyitcm, to clcanto tho bowels, Jllvor
and kidneys. IHerbliio Is tho best and
safest rotnody to do tbla.ua It twill
Peoples drugstore, dw
TIME TO WORK.
Necosslty of Action To Ob
tain Passago of Moon
Bill This Session. .
On Passage of the Only Moasure
Which Now Promises Relief
To tho Territory From the
Existing Unsalisfac- -tory
The interest of the territory In
congressional legislation is now
centored on tho Moon bill, which
will sotn bo brought up in the
house. It is tho only measure bo
fore congress, which promises re
lief from tho presont unsatisfactory
conditions existing tn tho territory.
The bill has a Btrong chance of
finding passage, if the territory
uses some concerted action in tho
matter. In discussing tho bill Mr.
8. B. Springs, a heavy realty
holder in the Choctaw nation
voiced tho sentiments of tho resi
dents of the territory in the fol
lowing endorsement of its pro
visions. "I can conceive no explanation
for tho peoplo of Indian Territory
not standing as one man for the
proposed Territory of Jefferson
bill. It is the star on which you
people can fix their hopes for pro
gress and commercial advance
ment of all kinds. As far aa I can
find there are no objectionable
features to th? measure. The
Indian cannot oppo it because he
gets ten fold ben -.Sts that aro un
known to him no . The while
man surely wants locui self-government;
schools for his children and
the benefits of county government.
I have studied the bill carefully
and can not see why evory liberty
loving man in tlio Territory mn
not como out boldly and de'clare
that his prosperity and the wel
fare of his family can bo promoted
only through the acceptance of the
proffered legislation. I stand for
the Moon bill without amendment.
If thero aro any flaws in the
measure wo can havo them ad
justed through our delegate to
congreiB, Let us get together and
get our self- government first and
then amend, or add any change
that we may desire, through our
representative on the floor of con
gress. To defeat the Moon bill by
apathy now .means a continuation
of tho present status of affairs.
Indian Territory pending the ter
mination of tribal affairs in the
luture must either stand still un
der present conditions or progress
through tho offices of local self,
BRADFORD IS DEAD.
Statehood Loses Her Most Eloquent
and Ardent Champion.
Judge S. B, Bradford of Ardmore
who suffered a paralytic stroke
several days ago is dead. He
never rallied from the deadly
atrnke and his demise has been
expected for the pbBl few days,
In the death of Judge Bradlord,
the territory losea ode of her most
gifted citizens and the statehood
caustfits most eloquent champion.
He was a man of brilliant attain
ment and had served the atato of
Kansas as attorney general.
He had but recently returned
from Washington where he was
sent by the MuBkogee single stito
hood convention, when stricken
with tho illnesa which ended in
hla death. Ills 'death will be
mourned throughout the territory
by tho legions of friends who havo
been won by his kindly and
Territory Crop Conditions,
The telegrapblo reports to the
weather bureau of crop conditions,
in tho Indian territory and Okla
homa during MarobQare summar
ized aa follows:
Copious rains placo wheat in
fine growing conditions, and crop
promises a half to average yield,
according to locality; many fields
will, however, be replanlod to
oorn; oats sjwn and coming up
well; rye, barley and grass doing
well: corn and potato planting In
progress; ground in flno condi
tion; fruit trees blooming; Block
doing well; co,on ground being
Combination ot Hoodoo.
Wt is no wonder," said an old
Unto railroad man yesterday in
discussing tho wreck of the Meteor
on tho Frisco the first of last week
"that the train ran off the track.
I understand that the train started
on Kb initial trip from St. Louis
on the thirteenth track. One of
the boys accompanying tho patty
tells me that when Saputpa was
reached the engine crew wao
changed and that while tho en
gineer and fireman vnre on their
way to tho roundhouso two blaok
cats skirtod aoross their path,
Lastly at Holdinville, where the
Ohootaw road crosses, switch en
gine No. 13 of tho Choctaw crossod
in front of tho Meteor twice. Th at
was enough, and by the time
Francis, the next station, was
reaohed, tue train went into tho
LIST OF JURORS.
For the flay Term ot Court as Se
lected by Jury Commissioners,
The following is a list of the
grand and petit jurors, soleoted by
tho jury commission, to servo dur
ing tho May term of court:
W II Darrough, Vlnita, I. T,
W H Curtis, Afton.
F B Kenniuon, Kenniaon.
T W Clyno, Kuby.
L S Robinson, Big Cabin.
Turner Edmonson, MayBville,
Qeorgo Thornton, Eagle.
F W Propp, Adair.
Author Dodge, Delaware.
George Mayes, Pryor Creek.
Geo W Mowbray, Sr., Tulsa,
John D West, Spavinaw.
W II Doherly, Grove.
S L JohnBon, Okmulgee.
B F Harrison, WyandoUe,
N D Hufft, Sapulpa.
ALTERNATE OK AND JURORS.
Wm Howell, Ose'uma
I N Williams, Vinlta,
0 Hayden, Chouteau.
John G Light, Talala
Omer Stroud, Welch
Geo W Harland, Wbito Oak.
' J L Denbo, Caloobe
F M Sanger, Claremore
George W Henry, Tulsa.
W E Roberta, Nowata
M Henry, ou,.Ua .-,-,,
Lon Conner, Falrlond
M L Paden, Centralia
D A Wilson, Bluejacket
L P Ballard, Ketchum
J L Bumgarner, Spavinaw
G II Warren, Adair
D G Thompson, Adair
Joe Titsworlb, Nowata
FM Overlees, Bartlesville J
Sam Leforce, Vinita
0 R Sanders, Miles
R E.Delozier, Adair
Percy Walker, Ogeechee
John Conley, Falrland
H R Gill,lAfton
R P Armstrong, Bluejacket
Chas Hawkins, Cataleo
N B Rowe, Robo
Andy Hair, Roae
John Cavalier, Locust Grove
M Washan, Pryor Creek
D B Hadden, Pryor Creek.
David Key, Pryor Creek
Louis Laeley, Lenapah
Robert Fry, Fry
W J Boone, Colllnsvillo
Lee Clinton, Red Fork
Chancey Owen, Tulsa
Cbaa Tyler, Woodley
Sol Ketchum, Okoee
W C Smith, Oolagah
G W Trenary. Cayuga
Frank Johnson, Sapulpi.
Pap Simpson Ib on the sick list
Lola Smith is home from Clare
more. MIsb Bettia Jones from Windsor
ia with ua again.
Tom Parks and family have
moved into their new house.
Maggie Allen was visiting in tho
country Saturday and Bunday.
Tho work on the new hank
building is progressing nicely.
Morgan Skinner went to Wago
ner Sunday to meet Mies Scott.
Miss Bcott is ill again. Mr.
Carl Morrow la teaching in her
Jim Province and Mies Maggie
Cumming went to Pryor Creek
Mrs. Elfa Webb waa here Sun
day visiting her parents, Mr. and
Little Mildred Yonngblond
spent Sunday with her grand
parents tn Pryor Creek.
Chief of theSemlnoles.
Representatives of the different
bands of the 8eminolo tribe of
IndlanBoonvened alWewoka Wed
nesday for the purpose of nomina
ting candidates for principal chiof
and (ox second chief. For princi
pal chief John F. Brown anil Hul
butta Miooo are tho nominees, and
for second chief K. N. Kiokehe
HITS THE NAIL!
Col. Churchill says Cherokee
Politicians .Use Schools
for Political Purposes.
For Tholr .Efficiency or Question
of Expense,- ho aays They
Seek to Retain Control of
Schools for tho Pa-
In his report pertaining to the
establishment of a public school
system in the Indian Territory,
Col. Frank Churchill scores the
Cherokee politicians for using the
national schools to subserve their
Col, Churchill quotes as follows
from the report of the school sup
ervisor for tho Cherokee nation,
on this subject:
"The school supervisor stales
that in Vinita the educational
problem Ib in the beBt condition,
and after citing other towns where
similar conditions obtain, ho says;
The one difficulty and menace
of these arrangements is that there
is no direct law for it, and Chero
kee politicians seek to make some
gain out of it, by methods of ob
struction or claim for appointment
of some favorite foi teacher."
"It seems to mo that where the
people and wealth are grouped in
towns duly incorporated the groat
masses of children of tho whole
Cherokee country could be reach
ed with school facilities; that the
whole situation could be controlled
by carefully drawn law covering
theliconslng.employment and pay
ment of teachers, the correlation
of school interests covering thu ad
mission of pupils, provisions for
hnildlnira nnd isP-- ih
control of funds, so aa to eliminate
ae far as possible raco distinction,
political favoritism, and official
In commenting on tho above
Col. Churchill aays:
"It will be observed that the
supervisor touches upon the ever
present "political favoritism and
'Through interviews with num
erous Ohorokee citizens, this phase
of the subject' has invariably pre
sented itself that the politicians of
the Cherokee nation, are determ
ined to retain control of their
schools ob long as possible, and
for political purposes rather than
in the hope oi improving their
condition or lessening the cost of
Two Important Transfers ot
An interest has been purchased
by Mr. H. M. Mitchell of Seneca,
in tho Peoples Drug Store, and
that popular establishment will be
conducted jointly by Mr. Shano-
ban and Mr. Mitchell herealter.
Tho business will be conducted
under the namo of the Peoples
Drug Store, as at present. In con
nection with Mr. Mitchell's en
trance into the firm, the atore will
be enlarged and a much larger
stock carried than at present.
Tho new member of the firm ia
aBonolW.H. Mitchell, the well
known drug man of Seneca, and ia
thorougblyfamiliar with the'.detaila
of the business.
The present popularity of the
store should be increased by tho
many improvements conte.mplated
one of which will bs the installa
tion of one of tho most complete
soda fountains in the southwest.
Grocery Department Sold.
The grocery department of th
Ratclifl Mercantile Co. baa Jbeen
purchased by Messrs. It. D. and
Cbas. E, Lahman of thu Eleclrlo
Light Co. Tho purchasers during
their ehort residence In Vinita
have become thoroughly identified
with the town's interests, and will
no doubt make a great success of
the business. The same force of
employees will be retained. In
selling Mr. Ratcllff will be freo to
devote more time, to hla olbor
manv intoreata. The business will
be conducted under the name of
the Lahman Qrooer Co.
Whose airl are You?
Do you ever have tho headacha so
you can't ko to tho theatre with hlra?
Dr, Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin cures
headache, and It you tako it accord
An Aged MUjourlan with an Equally
as Old dame.
The following story of how he
was victimized by a pair of sharp
era at tills place Thursday, was
told by W. Z. Burton, an aged res
ident of Miller county, Missouri,
to clerk of the court of appeals.
Freeman, at South McAlostor yes
terday. Between Monott and this city,
the aged traveler was approached
by a well dressed man, who after
politely inquiring if the seat bo
sldo him was occupied soon en
gaged him in conversation.
- He was very attentive to the old
gentleman and soon won hia con
fidence. On ascertaining that he
was to change cars here for South
McAlesler, he informed him that
South McAlesler was his destina
While changing cars bore the
stranger told tho aged Burton that
it was not necessary to purchase a
ticket as he could pay the conduct
or on the train. The old man did aa
he was advised and entered the
car, and occupied a Boat.
Just as the Kaly train was start
ing, hia new friend appeared and
called him to the door. He told
him that they would now pay tho
"conductor," and a man wearing
a cap appeared as the ticket col
lector. His new friend flashed a
820.00 bill, and the "conductor"
not having the change, tho aged
Missourian withdrew a woll filled
purse from bis jeans to assist him,
when one of the men grabbed it,
and both jumped from the train, as
it was rapidly gathering speed.
The victim says there was about
8-10.00 in bie purse Clerk Free
man has known him for many
years and is very indignant over
the trick by which ho was robbed.
As he has a big bank account in
Missouri his embarrassment was
ESCAPED FROM HOSPITAL
John P. Dunn Suspected flurderer ot
Sheriff Powers' Is Aealn at
Large. " -
John JP. Dunn who is charged
with the murder of Sheriff Powers
of Clarksville, Ark., an1 who baa
been confined in a hospital at
Wichita, Kansas, suffering from a
bullet wound, escaped Wednesday
It is alleged that Dunn aBked
the house physician Tuesday
night to namo bis price for allow
ing him to escape, saying that he
had bribed guards and that he
alone stood between him and lib
erty. Physician Clnrke refused.
It ia thought that a friend ol Dunn
got into the hospital in the guise
of a patient ana facilitated hia es
cape late in tho nigh. Every
door in the houso was locked this
mornlug. Tbe police force and
Sheriff's force are charging each
other with planning the escape of
Dunn. Mayor McLean has tele
phoned Governor Stanley and At
torney Goddard to come to Wichi
ta to investigate the matter. Re
wards offered for .Dunn's arrest
aro said to amount to 810,600.
Rumor is current that Dunn waa
kiduapped and taken to Arkansas.
Deputy Peden Tolbort and
Sheriff King of Arkansas, were en
route to Wichita to get Dunn at
the time ho ia reported to have
JUDGE CHARLES PARKER
Receives Appointment as Commis
sioner at Durant.
Tho announcement has been
made by Judge Clayton of the ap
pointment of Judge Charles Parker
of Ft. Smith to be commissioner
at Darant, tho now office created
by tbe present session of congress.
In making tho appointment Judge
Clayton said ha acted upon? the
strong solicitations of a largo num
ber of'cltitens ot the Indian terri
itory who desired to see the son of
the great Arkansas judge, who did
so much for the Indian territory
in her early dvya, honored by tho
Tbe late judge Isaao Parker was
judge at Ft. Smith noarly thirty
yearn and was a terror to the law
Residence in the Indian terri
tory in those days was made pos
sible only through hla court.
Deputy Wilkerson was a deputy
marshal for Parker's court and
rode this country for many years,
corralling outlaws, who received
the finishing touches, at Ft. Smith.
Judge Parker, Jr,, is said to bo a
chip oQ the old block.
Foley's Kidney Cure cukes fcldnoya
soil bladder rig lit. Don't delay tak
ing. For Halo at People' Drue Store:
We want your trade; we're after it.
P. G. BROWNING & CO.
Tie Bat Commercial Virftty
TREEa a r ae
f 00 Kfcffer Trees, 2-years,
100 Kieifcr Trees, i-year,
All other nursery stock
prices for high grade goods.
NEW HAVEN NURSERIES, oNcw Haven, Ho.
L. K. McQUFFIN,
...The Cherokee National Bank.,,
Ulnila, Ind. Ter.
L. V, Parker. Jr
W. II, Carroug
Every Courtesy Extended that is Consistent with Sound Banking
Interest Paid on Time Certificates ol Deposit.
ojttUm nd hn. rl with U fwtorr. tit oor lowt.t wtwinula rmUa. Oor urttnn or
offer TounMrtinmt to chooM i from recti M no oUitrdltr cu ttmw. VfUh inrrpanhui
vttinthtbmdmttBmnin. I fit. not la Ttrr ay saiufactorr, jrou aa mora lio SS
touuloimi!r'rt!itcluuiboUimr. Wtcuklu .to.iwi.uui
TJont MV tWI VtT
Writ for oar fr
deacrlba th bunltc. arren, nbKtoiu, ttc. thmt iy I
lead Our foctorr funotu for thdr hluli .tuii. turn
wait until your ned la
a.w ui.iwvtiravf juh .or luiiuv uae.
THE COLUMBUS CARRIAGE & HARNESS CO..
Columbut. 0.. P.O. Box 772.
Ho, MM norrr. Trko taJD
wltn leafier quarter top.
EMm rnt from CUumUir.
fit-t Bute. Ma
Or.ivKR IJagby, Pres. J. O. Haat,
V. I. CiUl'MAN, Assistant Casuier
First National Bank,
VINITA, INDIAN TERRITORY.
CAPITAL, $100,000, SURPLUS, Uo.ooo.
Oldest and Strongest National Bank iu the Cherokee Nation.
OLIVER BAGBY. B, F. fORlNER, B.B.FRAYS&R, A.L.CItVClIlLh, KN
RATCUFF, If. A. GRAHAM, . O. II ALL, G. Jf. CLARA', W.E. ItALSELL.
i Dooa a Safoanerai:BahkInK Business. 4
JewelrySaving and Spending!
What you sind for GOOD jewelcry i really a Having. It is always
a valuable possession. In thU line I have.
Lathes Solid Gold Set Kings from $2.00 to 36.00
Solid Gold Baud Rings 1 ,00
Solid Gold Cuff Buttons from ....H 3.00 to 5.00
Solid Cold Prout Cuff Button from. 1. 3D to 2.S0
Child's Solid Gold Ring UOctol.W
When you want anything in thr Jejyelry line call and wht I hv
Plue and complicated watch repairing a specialty. ' n
Motto Not the cheapest hut the BUST work at alltlaM.
' August chlieckerf
36 S, WHsoa St. Jwhrr sua Optician
for Fruit Growers la the Wat and Sou th
strictly first class, 5 to 6 ft. $15.
strictly first class, 3 to 5 ft. $J0.0O,
sold direct to planters at lowest possible
Send for list.
TH03. T. WIMEE, W.4B. McQEOBGE,
KMflt. tiM am t.
wa other borr equipment.
UlutrudcUlora Im. hlchw.
mora prmlnxt writ to-day and
WrUatonautatoaek ""W "" rnM9
P IV It. M Nft. Ml fUnffla Mtr.n
V-Pres. W. P. Pnirxirs, Cashier.
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