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Muskogee, Jndian Territory, Thursday, June 9, 1904-
POLITICS OF THE TERRITORY
An Estimate of The Classes of
People Making Up The Pop-
lation Favorable to a
. .nf..1 -MfiAr1 -f 4-Via MimVkAr rtf
cilizenn of African decent of ihe Semi- commission
Panama Caoal Labor.
The impor'ant question of the oro of
labor that shall be employed in the
building of the Panama Canal may
havo to be settled by Congress. Gen
eral Davis takes the position that, the
immigration laws of Panama and not of
the United States will govern in the
Panama ion, and that if necessary the
will be able to emoloy
nolo nation was kept, but it must be ful
ly l,f000. The Dawes Commission
shows that in the Choctaw nation there
are 2,1)83 frccdmen whoso application
for enrollment have been appro v ed, and
1,G82 who'e applications are undeterm
in d; in the Cherokee nation, 2,749 ap
plications approved and 437 undeterm
ined; ond in tho Creek na ion, 4,954 ap
plications approved and 437 undeterm
ined This makes a total of 24,638 Ne
groes, connected with the five civilized
trite?. The consus reports of 1900 gave
a black population to the whole torrito
iy of 30,583 and of 18,331 to Oklahoma.
There were about G,000 Indians in Ok
lahoma and 61,383 in Indian Territory
according to this report, but judging
from the number of applications listed
before the Dawes Commission there are
over 100,000 Indians exclusive of freed-
mon and Quapawa in the Indian Terri
Adding a five per cent increase for
inr tho last four vears. the total com
bined black and Indian popuiatian of
the two territories cannot fall much
short of 170,000. Tho black" voters in
tiese numbers cm be counted on as
Republicans, and whomever put to the
test, unquestionably the overwhelming
m jority of the Indian voters would be
Republican also. The white popula
tion of the Indian Territory in 1900 was
392,0780, and of Oklahoma 367,624.
Since that date there nas been a great
, immigration, which, excepting that part
part entering Southwest Oklahoma, has
mostly come from the North. Texas
and Arkansas have ceased to be 'the
colonizers of the Twin Territories. Kan
sas, Nebraska, Northern Missouri and
the Contrr.l States have taken their
The Hon. Bird S. McGuire, Oklaho
ma'sCongressional delegate, in an in
-terview yesterday's issues of this paper,
claimed that too now state to bo made
out of the two territories, would . be Re
publican under the present conditions
by about 15,000 majority. The figures
given, whicn hav been compiled from
'the "best sources, would indicate that
McGuire's claim is well within tho lim
. itsof 'probability. Granting that at the
" last election the combined vote of the
two 'territories showed a Democratic
majority of 10,000, yet since that date
the Republican immigration from the
North has been a' three to one Demo
cratic immigration from the South. Ad
ding to this gain the increase which
will come with enfranchising of the In
dians and freedmen, a Republican ma
jority for the new state seems assured.
Chincnese labor. Tho British govern
ment is placing severe retrictions on ths
employment of Jamaica Negroes, mtny
of whom were badly treated by the
French contractors. In a full running
discussi n of the Panama labor problem
in the New York Sun by a number of
people, Dr. Albert S. Ashmead of New
York was the only writer who stood out
squarely for Afro-Amorican labor as
being all sufficient. He said.
"Mr. Thorp thinks it will be a task of
immense difficulty to obtain tho neces
sary labor for the digging of the Pana
m a Canal, aud will cost far more t' an
l nolo Ham exnects to Dav. "ine muur
Durfey Hardware Company
Shelf and Heavy Hardware, Tinware, Buggies, Wagons, Im
plements, Builders' Tools, etc. All Kinds of Tin Work and Plumb-
" ... .. -, oa- .
Ill Nortn aecona aireei.
problem," he sa-s4 "is likely to delay
the worn seriously." Not at all for we
have our own Negroes in the Gulf states
just as immune against tropical diseares
dysenteria, malaria and yellow fever
as those wretched Jamaicans, ror
Heaven's sake: do not encratre Jamaica
Negroes to build the canal."
There appears to us to be a great
deal of method in the attitude of the
Canil Commision and of those who
have discussed the problem of labor for
the Canal is giving such scant consid
eration to our Afro-American supply.
Wnat is this method? Is the fear of up
setting the Southern labor market, or
fear that Afro-Americans would be un
equal to the work? The Gulf States
and Mississippi Valley Negroes are ab
solutely immune from tho climatic se
venty and milarious conditions that
rule in Panama, and if "there is any
member of the Commission who think
that these laborers are inferior to the
Chinese and Jamaican laborers he has
not the. nerve to say so. Some thirty
thousand c f these laborers will be need
ed, and the talq of employing aliens
when our own citizens need the work
and can perform it should have the gas
pricked out of it. New York Age.
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MUSKOGEE, INDIAN TERRITORY.
Capitdl Stock $200,000
An Old Line Company issues all forms of Limited Payments,
Life and Endowment Policies.
DIRECTORS: E.J. Mints, Muskogee, T, T.; Geo. D. Lennon
New York; P. L. Conger, Oklahoma City ; W.vt. m. Eiaisar n
St. Louis. Mo.; C.J.Miller, Muskogee, I. T.; Samuel Ray
mond, Wynrewood, I. 1
We will clean and repair or Dye and fix
clothes in first-class style on short notice,
place of business located at
OPPOSITE It. eVAM'B
209 EAST BROADWAY
J. E. Roy, Manager and Proprietor
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"What to th time?"
A little child asked on a fair Junt day.
77 'Tie tHta te play." said Fate;
And romping merrily tt went on Us way.
"What la the time?'
k boy as.
A boy aai.a, halt la earnest, half in J eat.
10 inina, saia rai.
The Odd Fellows celebrate a
Muskogee, the 20 and 21 A big
time expecrod, as there will be
. .many visitors in town .
"To weld the chain of knowledge link by
"What Is the tlme7"
The hoy to manhood grown now eagea
" 'Tis time to love and wed." said Fate.
"To give the heart precedence to tha
"What la the timer' m
A father with grave face la asking sow.
" Tla time to f-Mve," aaid Fate,
"To toll for others and tor others thrive.
"What la the time?'"'
At last an old man. bent with years an
cure, the Question puts.
" 'Tis time to die." said Fate,
"And In the earth which nourished the
And this was tne last question and reply.
The last 'mid earthly scenes;
Yet whoshall snyt
Tnat In some gentler clime
Unknown and here unknowable
More answers wfll net follow those af
'Mm all the glories of an endless day.
Answers Indeed, but not like those of
Blunt, brief, and harsh of sound;
But tilled with love that hath no met nor
, bound. '
C. J. Augustln, aitnwood, Wle
North Main St., J Muskogee Indian Territory
The Best People to Trade With.-Try Them.
If You Want to Know What the Negross in the Ter
tory are Doing Read THE CIMETER.