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Martyr Chiefs of Russia.
Men and Women Who Have Laid Down
Their Lives in the
Among the clandestine litcraturo
now being clrciflatod. broadcast In
Russia aro tho leaflets and brochures
that relate to tho history and prog
ress of the revolutionary movement.
Tho Czar's government' expressly for
bids the publication of news relating
to political conspiracies, attempts at
assassination and trials'-of revolution
ists. Since tho recent war reverses in
the cast the Russian censorship has
been somewhat relaxed, especially in
regard to messages sent abroad; an
other stop forward was signalized
when tho "St. Petersburg news'papers
were permitted to publish long ac
counts of tho assassination of Von
Plohve. Yet In. one respect the em
bargo of the autocratic system upon
news still remains. It continues to bo
impossible In Russia to publish bio
graphical sketches of revolutionists
and ..their doings; as, therefore, tho
task of supplying such information
falls exclusively upon 4.ho "under
grouid" press, clandestine literature
obtains a circulation, oven among tho
Dfllcial classes, which tho very prohi
bition of it makes literally enormous.
Ono of, the classic incidents of the
evolutionary movement in Russia is
that associated with tho name of
v"yora Sassulich, for, though thcro had
boon acts of revolutionary violence be
fore her time, there was something in
her act and its conditions that entitle
her to be called the pioneer of tho
modern phase of terrorism in Russia.
And when, In February, 1878, alio took
upon herself to punish Gen. Trepov,
tho chief of St. Petersburg police, for
his cruelty to a student whom ho had
under detention, tho Wholo of non-of-pcial
Russia hailed the act, not only
with applause, but also with delight.
Tho Russia of tho seventies came
within an ace of convincing the sub
jects of the Czar that they woro born
slaves and must remain so. In 18734
alone somo 1,500 propagandists wero
arrested and subjected to tho agony
long-drawn-out of "preliminary deten
tion." Of tho total number only 190
wero brought for trial, whilo about
soventy-threo died, went mad or com
As tho yoars went on, administrat
ive tyranny grow in severity; stu
dents protests woro crushed with re
volting barbarity; oppression in tho
prisons gavo riso to hunger strikes.
For a whilo tho instigator of theso
abuses, Gon. Moscntsey, head of tho
state or secret police, was enabled to
"pursue his' plans for rooting out tho
widespread disaffection which pre
vailed. But in 1878 ho waa warned
that if tho government took the life
of Kavalsky, a revolutionist, then un
der arrest at Odessa, his, own would
pay the forfeit. Kavalsky was shot,
and two days later tho sontenco of
tho revolutionists against Gen. Mes
ontsoy was exocutod in tho Novsky
Tho man who thus "lifted the dag
ger," if he did not "stir a city's re
volt," was the man afterward widely
known in Europe as a litterateur, and
Cause of Liberty
in Now England as n lecturor, under
the pseudonym of "Stepniak" tho
man whom, on the occasion of his
visit to Boston in 1803, that acute and
careful judgo of men, Phillips Brooks,
did not disdain to visit and to be
friend. Stepniak lost his life as the result
of a railroad accident. In recalling
personal memories of .him Robert
Spenco Watson, tho member of Par
liament, said: "Ho was ono of the
rare men whoso personal influenco is
magnetic, and' from communion with
whom j'ou never come away unsatis
fied. His wns a mind capable of long,
acuto and profound thought. Thero
was coupled with this mind a body of
powerful build, admirably disciplined.
Ho was strong, true, Blngle-mlnded,
earnest for the truth, wherever it; -may
lead. When tho news reached this
country that Mmc. Siglda had suc
cumbed beneath the cruelties and in
dignities she had suffered, Stepniak
suffered terribly. I then saw "Hho
great man who had been tho moving
spirit of tho great terrorist movement,
the war of revengo againsttho op
pressors by tho oppressed the stern,
bold, determined avenger of tho wrong
done by brutal power. It was" a
grand, a terrible revelation!"
"Only of middle height, If not short
er, ho was uncommonly broad both in
tho shoulders and from chest to back,
while his thickly set arms, hands, legs,
feet, seemed to have been, made ot
cast iron. On this herculean body a
big head, with dark complexion, Jet
black hair, mustache and beard tho
two latter somewhat curling and
deep-cut, large, but manly, features
rested. It might be taken for that of
a Russian gypsy but. for thooponheart
cdness'of its expression, Vhlle" un
bounded energy flashed from its beau
tiful, flaming dark eyes."
Such is tho description, given by his
prison friend, Volkhovsky, of Peter
Alcxoyev, tho weaver, who, born an il
literate peasant in a village of tho
Smolensk province, taught himself at
the ago of 16 or 17 to read and write.
Becoming familiar with tho revolu
tionary litcraturo of Russia, ho Joined
tho propaganda movement, and at the
ago of 20 was already working in it
with all the ardor of a novice.
His plan was to travel from ono
weaving mill to another, spending
enough tlmo In each to inoculate his
fellow-workmen with tho microbe of
political discontent. He was finally
captured in Moscow. At the trial he
made a speech which is roomorablo In
tho revolutionary annals. Having re
fused the assistance of a barrister, on
tho ground that tho verdict had been
arranged beforohand, ho proceeded to
deliver a crushing indictment against
tho autocratic regime.
"While wo are only boys of 9 year?
of age," said he, "wo are placed under
the supervision of adults who, by
means of kicks and the rod, accustom
us to being overworked; any food Is
1 good enough; wo aro choked lr dust
" Discomfited Lawyer. ""
During the last sossion of tho Cln
cult court in a small town in southern
Wisconsin a well-known Badgor law
yer camo to grlof by boing just a little
too sharp. According to his habit, ho
was browbeating ono of tho witnesses,
"Now, Mr. Jones," said ho, "you can
answor that question n littlo moro
clearly. You are not as green as you
look." "Yos," drawled tho witness, in
reply, "I am a butcher by profession
and not a lawyer."
Leprosy in Japan.
' Japan has 200,000 registered cases
of leprosy. Thero is no pity or com
passion for tho lopers. Man or wom
an, young or old, they nro turned
adrift on tho highways, homcloss wan
derers, dopendent for subsistence
upon casual dolcn of food thrown to
them from afar.
Tho exports of merchandise from In
dia amount to about $400,000,000 annu
ally, and tho United States gets a
largo sharo of this about $30,000,000,
or moro than 7 per cent. Tho imports
of manufactured goods amount to
about $250,000,000 annually.
The Reason Why.
Drummond, WIS., Sept. 19 (Special)
-Whole families in Bayfield County
aro singing tho praisos of Dodd's Kid
noy Pills and tho reason why Is given
In experiences such as that of Mr.
T. T. Wold, a well-known cltizon hero.
"I had such pains in my back that
I did not know what to do," says Mr.
Wold, "and as I camo across an adver
tisement of Dodd's Kidney Pills I sent
or a -box. That ono box relieved mo
of all my pains. My wlfo also used
them and found them just what sho
needed. I recommend Dodd's Kidney
Pills as a suro euro for Backache and
other Kidney, Troubles."
Backacho is one of tho earliest
symptoms of Kidney Disease. Dodd's
Kidney Pills euro it promptly and per
manently and prevent it developing
Into Rhcumntism, Dropsy, Diabetes or
Doctoring by Contract.
Tho French department of Lot nnd
Garonno has mado n remarkable in
novation. Thero aro 12G doctors in
tho department, and a contract has
boon mado with thom to look after
tho health of tho poor people in tho
district for an annual payment of $10,
000. Tho doctors engage to glvo thoir
sorvlccs irrespective of tho number of
pcoplo who desire thom.
An ancient stono cross is still pro
served in England, near Mitchell Troy,
which dates back to early Saxon times.
Tho general linos aro obviously of
Saxon design, as aro tho quaint bosses
used in tho ornamentation. Its exact
utllty is in doubt, but it is supposed to
havo marked the meeting place of
early Saxon tribes.
BEGGS' BLOOD PURIFIER
CURES catarrh of tba stommch.'
W.N.U. Oklahoma City, No. 39, 1904
Joint Proporty of tho two Mothodinm n.
Intends to bo thorough in scholarship
and holpful and rollgloua in Hplrlt.
Ten Head Profotmorc, tho majority of
whom havo taught in such unWorltlw ns
Northwwitorn, VanderblH, Ann Arbor,
Chicago, Columbia, Loluud Stanford, do
yoto their ontlro tlmo to tho coIIoro ot
libornl arts. Full cortw of instructor in
Aradomy and Music. Elocution and Art.
Largo campus of fifty-two acres benuti
fully situated. Modom buildings. PhyHt
cal. Chemical nnd lllologloal Laboratories.
Tho first Session boglns September 7, 1004.
President W. . McSwalw, OUshema. Ofcla.
F1NK1T HUILniKO. HFHT KQCIPMKNT.
QfiO VaX Totnt Ktpcntoi fr fli, Mouth' Ootirai
Oliv In l!ookkeplng, Shorthand, Puntuntinulpaud
if you are willing to woik to pay hoard. Poltlonia
ourod. Freo uno ot teiMiook. llnllrond faro pnld.
nto tods; tor full particulars. Addreia
Tnos M. Mn. am. prett . Oklnhomn City, O. T.
BEST BY TESTf.'
"I have tried atl kinds of waterproof
ctothing and have never found anything
at any price to compare with your Fish
Brand for protection from all kindi of
(The name and address of the
writer cf thil unsolicited letter
may be had upon application.)
A. J. TOWER CO.
Boston. U. S. A.
The Sign of the Fish
Mahtra of Warranted Wet Weather Clothing
'Hairy wfcofomeriy sneW Wf Cigars row sutti
four Jobbor or direct from Factory. Pooria, III
Cuban Baptismal Ceremony.
A Cuban baby Is baptizod when it is
two weeks and a day old at tho very
latest. A Cuban baptismal party
would not think of walking to churchy
cvon though tho building bo ''next
"I was almost distracted by a tor
riblo Itching which dolled all treat
ment until I obtained a box of Hunt's
Cure. Tho first application afforded
instant and absoluto relief. Tho ono
box effected a completo euro.
"It Is simply wonderful in its in
Manitou, O. T.
GOc per box.
Lapland's Chief Crime.
In Lapland, tho crimo which is pun
ished most severely, next to murder,
is tho marrying of a girl against the
oxpress wish of her parents.