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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, April 29, 1868, Image 2

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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE.
J. MOTT SMITH,
Director of the Government Press.
HONOLULU :
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29.
16C8.
BY AUTHORITY.
Tie Iter. A. Kackau and the Rev. Ioani Ii
hire been duly licensed to celebrate marriage
in conformity with t-ec. i,ib3 or the Civil uoue.
Jlr. Kaalewahia has this day been appointed
Koad EuperTior for the district or Labaina
Itlandf Mini.
F. W. IIctchisos,
MlnUter of Interior.
Home OSee, April S3, 1&68.
A brief sketch of the results of the
expedition for the relief of the distressed
on Hawaii by reason of the volcanic dis
tnrbanccs, was made to the Assembly on
Friday, by Ilia Excellency the Minister of
Foreign Affairs.
The visit of the King embraced all the
coast visited by the tidal wave, and the
districts most convulsed by the earth
quake3 and eruptions. The first port vis
ited on Hawaii.was Hilo, at which place,
aswell as all through Puna,manyhad found
a refuge from the destruction which had
overwhelmed their homes.
The people having been notified of the
arrival and purpose of the King, gathered
around him, and their cases we erpatieutly
investigated and judicious relief dispensed
while nil had an opportunity to relate the!
experiences to their Sovereign, and receive
sympathy and advice from him personally.
Itelief extended in such a manner and
through such a channel, becomes to the
Hawaiian a moral as well as a physical re
lief, and its effect upon their spirits in re
viving hope and courage under misfortune
was as evident, as the increase of their
bodily comfort.
At Keauhou, Punaluu and Kealaalu
similar gatherings of the people were held
and their sorest needs supplied, up to the
exhaustion or the stores t-ent forward by
tho Government. Eight hundred persons
were relieved, some of whom bad lo:
everything they possessed by the tidal
wave, and others by the mud eruption, and
some were sunenng lor even necessary
clothing. Happily the wants of the Ha
waiian aro simple, and his necessities few,
and as the taro lands have not been de
stroyed to any large extent, and 03 the
tackle for fishing in the sea can be replaced
by their own ingenuity and labor, there
will result from these volcanie disturbances
no starvation or extensive suffering from
long deprivation of the staples of life.
But there are women and children left
without husbands and fathers, and there
are families who cannot at once replace
their loss of the means of livelihood.
and there is that depression and discour
agement under the overwhelming and total
destruction of houses and household ap
pliances, which must result in physical dis
tress for a time at least. The situation is
such, as may properly call upon the chari
ty, kindness and sympathy of U3 who have
escaped untouched in person and property,
for relief.
The visit of the King wa3 opportune,
not only in giving aid and comfort im
mediately, but in showing the extent of
the losses, and how private benevolence
can most effectually supplement the relief
already bestowed. It is in just such emer
gencies as this, that the public spirit and
virtue of a community may exhibit itself
in the brightest colors, and deeds of char
ity be done, which shall be held in lasting
remembrance by those who may be the re
cipients of the bounty.
To meat these further needs of tho peo
ple in Knu, the active sympathies of Her
Majesty Dowager Queen Emma have been
.awakened. She ha3 already collected a
considerable fund, and it is to be hoped
that her application for assistance in this
good work, to the hearts of our communi
ty may result in a generous response.
It is a mutter of great thankfulness that
so few lives were lost; let us not forget
fhp 1 1 V i n r. vim linvlnr, I Jinn ctM.wl nm
the living who, having been SDared.arc
through their destitution, proper subjects
for our care and consideration.
TI1K TKI3ATY.
We received not long since the monthly
report of the Director of the Bureau of
Statistics, for December, of the United
Stat3 Treasury Department The por
tion on Hawaii has been prepared by the
Director, Alex. Delmar, with special lefer
ence to the Reciprocity Treaty, now nnder
consideration by the Senate. It gives a
very thorough statement of our resources,
trade and prospects, interesting to os as
showing how we are viewed from a distant
stand point.
Our importance as a station for steamers
traversing the Pacific is briefly sketched,
and his view of the future is, that we fcball
be the way station for a steamer line from
Panama to IfoDgkong and San Francisco
to Sydney. We glean a few of the state
ments ol the Report: "The aggregate
"declared value of all imports of unrefined
sagars, syrups and molasses into the
United Stales from lil countries, during
tbft past eight years, 1660 to 1867 inclu
sive, -was about $275,000,000. The value
of such portion of these articles, entered,
as coming from 'the Hawaiian Islands dar
ing the same period was about $3,000,000
or a.IRtle luore than one and one-third per
cent of the whole.
"Of the sugar crop of the Islands of
1862, the United States took one-third ;
or that of 1863 two-fiahs; of that of 1864
a little more than two-fifths.
"The total trade of the Islands with all
)io world, in 1865, was about three and
three-fourth millions; that of the United
States was $450,000,000 gold. The total
trade therefore of tho Islands, compared
with that of the United States, wa3 in the
ratio of eighty-three cents to oue hundred
dollars.
" It is the want of capital, as much as
any other cause, which has retarded the
sugar culture in the Hawaiian Islands.
With capital it is safe to predict that the
group will become, for its size, one of the
most successful sugar-producing countries
in the world."
Tho statistical tables are full, and show-
just what will be the operation of the
Treatv on the revenue of the United
States.
There are some here "who are disposed
to lose heart and give up the Treaty as un
attainable. We commend to such a care
ful perusal of the Congressional document
prepared by ilr. DelmaK
The delay in the ratification by the
Senate can be laid to substantial causes
other than bo3tiljfy,and up to the Eastern
dates bronght.by the Murray, we sea no
reason to say to one another " I told you
so." There are always an abundance of
croakers, and we hope no true friend of
the Treaty will join their ranks.
We gather from the tables that,
For the fiscal fear endlp June 30th. 1SCT.
ire bought of lli Hailed States cf tbeir
domestic produce........ .....
And of foreign mtrcnanJtfe. .............
$S6,3S7
87.1SO
A total of. $953,537
We told to them during, the name period fl.065.785
or wmcn, xoreign mercnanuise reexported
i,6od
Leaving of OCT dom. produce the amount of $992,979
These figures show that the difference
of exchange between the domestic pro
ducts of the two countries may be said to
be nearly equal, and if untrammelled with
duties on either side would without doubt
fullv offset each other.
An interesting factappcars in comparing
with the tables, which show tho effect of
the proposed reciprocity. Under its action
we find, taking the gross value of the
articles imported by either country from
the other, during 18C7, that the United
States will release from duty imports from
us valued at 8634,258, and we the duty on
goods imported from them valued at 639,-
106. Wo therefore release a greater taxa
ble basis than they by 81,848, not a largo
amouut truly, yet in comparison of the
wealth and resources of the two countries
quite noticeable when the figures run
against the poorer party. It bringn out
strongly the fact, that the sacrifice is not
wholly on the United States, that the rev
enue question, an important consideration
with us, is hardly worth attention with
them.
The sacrifice on the part of the United
States, which has been most set forth by
those who desire to defeat the Treaty, is
that the duties given np by them amount
to so much more than those sacrificed by
us. Rut this argument is not a conclusive
one, for the duties of the two cmntries aro
not equal in ratio, and the amount given
by the United States in 1868, under its
present war rate of taxation, is double or
treble perhaps what would be given op,
say two years hence, if reciprocity were
then under consideration. In other words
the present enormous tax on sugars will be
reduced as a boon to their own people,
irrespective of our treaty, and therefore if
released from our sugars now, cannot bo
called a gilt to us. If our treaty bo rati
fied to-day its advantage to ns will be
diminished by this reduction of duty on
all foreign sugars, which is sure soon to be
made by Congress.
By the tables it is shown that the duties
collected in 1867 in the United States on
merchandise from Hawaii was $503,191,
and this amount the Treaty, if it was
in operation, would have reduced by $316,-
3. We do not call that stunning figure
for Senators to contemplate. The trade
of Hawaii is worth a larger bid than that,
or else the newspapers have been astray
the past year in their editorials?
It is true, that more of our sugars nnder
the treaty would be made into refining
grades, but tho drift now is, to make these
grades whether the treaty passes or not,
so that we may reasonably conclude that,
the duties remitted under the treaty will
will never mnch exceed the figure given in
the table for 1867.
Looking through the interesting facts
regarding Hawaii, and the comprehend e
tables given by ilr. Delmar, we. regard tho
whole document as a powerful argument in
favor of the Ireaty taken from the Ameri
can point of view.
THE EKMPTIorV.
Our latest news from the eruption is by the
Kiiauea, which left Kealualu on the 21st Inst
The immense and terrible lava flow ou Ka
huku bad entirely ceased, or at least there
arc no vkible signs that it is flowing in sub
terranean channels.
The lava which burst from the mountain
side on the 7tb, and made such a magnificent
display that the few tourists who witnessed
the scene congrauTatcd themselves upon their
good fortune, continued but a few days ere
its fires died out, and the rapid river of lava
had cooled to stone. So rapid is this cool
ing, when the fountain ceases to supply the
lava, that the crust may be safely walked
npon although it oiay be hot enough to
bnrn, and the still liquid lava may be seen
but a few Inches below the surface.
The lava thrown out in Kahukn parted
into several streams, only one of which
reached the sea. That which destroyed Capt.
Brown's house passed down a mile or two,
and ceased but a short distance from the
Catholic Church. The main stream fell over
the precipice, and has thrown up at the sea a
large conical hill similar to Punch BowL
This stream is aa, or jagged, rough lava. It
is bordered on the Kona side by a stream of
pahechoe or smooth lava, the length aud ex
tent of which has not yet been traced. Re
ference is made to it in the letter ofKev. Mr.
Williamson, -which we give below.
A party of gentlemen from the steamer
visited the flow at Capt. Brown's residence,
be being their guide on the, occasion. The
lava has kit, uncovered, several places, tops
of bills and grassy spots, which look like
islands in the black, sterile aa which sur
rounds them. On these tminvaded spots
many cattle found shelter, and have since
been rescued, or when too exhausted for re
moval have been slaughtered. It seems
wonderful that any should have escaped the
effects of the heat, or the stifling gases of
the eruption. The wildest bullocks on these
spots have been so terrified that they are
tame, and even court the assistance of the
men who are trying to rescue th:m.
Capt Brown, with his stick to test any
suspicious spots, led the way over the lava,
still so hot as almost to be unbearable, to
the top of a hill which Lad not been sub
merged, from whence a distant sight was
obtained of the bead of the stream. This
looked like a cavern in the mountain, as if
It had burst, and from its deep recess had
issued forth the desolating black stream
whose destructive course could be traced to
the sea. No fire could be seen at any place;
a little smoke, here and there, aloneindicated
remaining heat.
This flow Las been short and violent.
There still remains heavy smoke about the
island, and the earthquakes have not entirely
ceased. The inhabitants are by no means
certain that the volcanic action has entirely
ceased, and fear that other lava eruptions
will break forth. An opinion is afloat that
the smoke can not be accounted for by the
volcanic activity thus far observed on Manna
Loa. This smoke has been met nearly 500
miles to the westward; and a thousand miles
to the eastward by the D. C. Murray, directly
in tbe teeth of the trade winds, if it indeed
all arises from Manna Loa. Some believe
that we shall hear of snbmarinc action far to
the eastward, and perhaps a new island, but
we will not venture an opinion on smoke.
Tbe mud eruption at Eeiwa is quite as
great a curiosity as the lava stream nt Ka
huku. We hope to have accurate observa
tions upon It, hcrealter, to give our readers.
We know that it was thrown out with great
violence, and accomplished the distance of
three miles in an incredibly short space of
time Instantly, wc may say. Goats, fleeing
for their lives, were caught at its further
limit by the hind legs, and held fast, while
their fore legs were left free. We now bear
that it must have been shot out of the mount
ain like a cannon ball, or water nnder press
ure from a he; that it passed over a con
siderable space of ground, leaving that much
uninjured and uncovered. It would not be
strange if such were the fact, for the sudden
ness and violence of the ernptions (both ot
the earth at Kciwa, and the lava at Kahnku),
indicate enormous pressure within the mount
ain. The floor of the crater of Kilauca has
sunk about 500 feet, and no Arc is visible.
There are a number of tourists upon Hawaii
at present, and many facts will be gleaned of
thlsintcrestingeruption. Wcshall havenext
week an account ol the living lava steam, as
seen by an observer, which is crowded out,
and give our readers the following further
account of the phenomena ut Kona.
Kona, Hawaii, 1-Sth April, 1608.
Deau Sir: In continuing mv renort of thn
extraordinary volcanic phenomena taking
place in this Island I feel that Is now the Jess
valuable, Inasmuch as there arc those htrc
whoic express object is, to gain every Iota of
information for the benefit of the world in
general. However, I will as usual send yon
my observation of the last week. In the
first place, I may state that the Earthquake
I'eriod may be said (as far as we know), to be
at an end. It is true that we have a continual
reminder that there are 6ucli things as earth
quake shocks in the world, but in comparison
... i. , ... , . .. : , . i
wilm nuui, we cireiicuceu luese. are
nothimr. Our greatest anxietv has arisen
from the immense volume of smoke which
has hun like a pall over the earth for several
days, for it not only hindered our sight of
w litre me acuvencts oi tuc volcano snowed
Itself, but also threatened to destroy all vege
tation, and endanger human life. This smoke
first discovered itself on Wednesday the 8th.
and it increased in density Ontil the sun itself
was totally obscured. The appearance of
thinirs was so nlarmimr that on the 0th I
deemed it prudent to make preparations for
a hasty departure in case of any sudden ap
pearance of lava flowing towards this place.
On Sunday, the 12th, there was a decided
change lor the better, and this, together Willi
the report that a new crater was formed near
Waiohinu, and was in active operation, re
assured the remaining inhabitants of Kona,
many of whom however bad, and I think
wisely and prudently, withdrawn from the
Immediate vicinity of the disturbance. The
reports received day by day arc sufficiently
contradictory to make people doubt respect
ing the accuracy of any one of them. Some
times we hear live craters are opened, some
times four; now they are in this direction,
then in that. Mr. Whitney lias witnessed
tbe operation of the new crater at Kahnku,
which is in close proximity to Cant. Brown's
house, the Inmates of which escaped almost
miraculously, and his account of the same is
sufficiently alarming. One thing Is very re
markable: no Indication of the eruption is
visible from my house, although but a matter
of SO miles at the outside is between us. At
first, this was no suprisc, for the smoke was
so very nense; it lias now cleared awn y, and
still there is nn indication of fire
It is reported that the old crater of Maka
weoweo has commenced operations again.
I have watched for, some sign of this, but
have not been able to discover any. I pur
pose making a journey to the vicinity of the
disturbance, so that I may use my own senses,
and not have to rely upon others.
My list of earthquakes for the past week Is
(and I am not at all sorry, as you may im
agine), email. It Is as follows:
Wednesday, SM April a. jr., moderate;
8:25 A. sr., light, accompanied with a rut-bing
sound; VlW'i M., long and distinct motion;
5:41 r. si., same as last; 9.-03 p. sr., distinct
movement of the earth.
Thursday 0th. A few slight undulations,
(JUL HO Q1SI1I1CL 61IUCK.
Friday 10.. 0.O2 A.
A. M.. liirht.
. jr., heavy-shock; 6:40
Saturday 11M. 5:40 A. M., moderately 6mart
shock.
Sunday 12th. 6:57 A. jr., two successive
shakes: 9:55 r. M., moderate shock.
Monday 13A. 9J53 P. M., a distinct rumble
In the earth.
Tuesday UtK 6:44 A. jr., moderate; 5:14
moacraic.
Afril 21st We have had a short respite
from the dense smoke, but vesterdav fresh
smoke made its appearance, and it Is now
very unpleasant. 1 nave made a journey to
tbe scene of the late eruption, but everything
was quiet: the lava flow had ceased, and the
crater was quiescent, litis was last Friday
and Saturday, (17th and IStb). The surface
of the lava bad sufficiently cooled to allow
myself and hwrse to go over the new flow,
which wc did. Where the new flow bas
crossed the road, I do not consider It to be
more than 200 feet : aud perhaps 500 feet In
the widest part. There was no indication of
fire flowing, although I could see glowing
lava about a foot below the surface, where
the cracks allowed that depth Jo be seen.
The new fctream bas run Into the sea, and
formed a small hill away from the old land.
The stream comprises two beds, one of pa
hoehoc, the other of aa, and they ran side by
side. When I visited the spot smoke was
rising from orifices on dilTerent parts of the
cooling stream. I counted seven of these.
The activity, as witnessed by a few fortunate
Individuals, was of very short duration.
There is no reason tc suppose that the inte
rior bas disgorged the whole ofits disturbing
element. We have an earthquake daily of
greater or less intensity. While away I was
unable to note the occurrence of shocks, bat
I have the following:
Wednesday, 15th 8:05 P. jr., moderately
heavy.
Saturday, ISiA 10JO p. jr., moderate.
Sunday, 19A 12 P. M., moderate.
Monday, 20A 8:45 p. jr., light
Tuesday 2lstC0 A. JC, light; 7:58 A. x.,
moderately heavy. So you see we live bad
two shocks to-day.
Tours trnly, - C. O. Wiixiamsos.
l'KOCEEDL-VGN
OP THE
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY-
10 co
SrvrMTH Pat, Satchdat, April 15,
Assembly met at 10 A. M, II. H. M. Ke-
knanaoa in the Chair.
Prayer by Mr. Pilips in the absence of the
Chaplain.
Minutes of preceding day read, and ap
proved.
rrTiTiox. Mr. Martin presented a petition
from Kan, asking that tbe letter carrier may
b regularly dispatched every Monday from
Waiobinn to Hilo. Referred to Committee on
Internal Improvements.
Reports or ComiiTTirs. Mr. Kamakau
reported from the Judiciary Committee on
tbe resolution offered yesterday that said Com
mittee should inquire into the right of tho
Attorney General to sit in the Assembly as a
Noble. On examination, they report that
under. See. 42 and 43 of the Constitution, he
bas a right to sit bere as a Minister of the
Crown, but not as a Noble.
Mr. Keliipio moved to adopt the report of
the Committee. Carried.
The Judiciary Committee farther reported
favorably on tbe new credential of tbe mem
ber from Ewa and 'Waianae. On motion the
report was accepted.
On motion of IIi Ex., S. H. Phillips, the
member was sworn in.
Mr. Kamakaa also reported in regard to the
petition from Koolauloa, contesting the elec
tion from that district. The committee, on
examination, saw no reason why the seat of
Mr. Wilder should be disputed. Report
adopted.
Mr. Kamakau reported on the petition from
Hanalei, Kanai, against Mr. Kankaha, and on
tho petition from Waimea, Kauai, against Mr.
Knudsen. The committee could find no fault
with the said elections, and therefore recom
mended that tbe petitions be laid npon the
table.
His Ex., C. deVarigny moved to accept the
report.
Mr. Nahaku objected, because it was admit
ted in the case of the Hanalei election that tbe
Inspectors bad done wrong. It will be a bad
precedent if the Assembly do away with the
law of tbe land, therefore, he moved that the
question be taken up to-day by the House in
Committee of tbe Whole.
Mr. Hitchcock said that the report was to be
laid upon the table for further action of tbe
House, and that now nothing definite could
be done.
Mr. Knudsen favored tbe motion of the
member from Kaanapali, because he t!
that immediate action should be taken npon
the question.
Mr. KauLaha said that he was at the Polls
all day, and nothing illegal was done.
.air. Keawehunahala said that too law pro
vided for the punishment of Inspectors of
Election, but that their misdeeds should not
affect the sitting of any member.
the motion was lost and tbe report of the
Judiciary Committee was accepted.
Jlr. uomims reported that ins Majesty
would receive the Select Committee to reply
to his address on Monday, April 27th, at 12 M.
kesoixtioxs. -ilr. Kalakaua offered a res
olution that this body attend tbe funeral of
lion. J. Kapcna to-morrow. Sunday, at Ka
waiahao Church, at .1.31) P. M.; and that the
eergeant-at-Arms supply the members with
crape, ana tbe House go into mourning 14
days for said deceased, a member of tho
House of Nobles. Passed.
Mr. Kalu asked leave to introduce certain
Bills, of which he had given notice. Uranted.
A mil giving jurisdiction for tbe trial of
cases or scandal, Jtc, by Police Justices. Bill
read and rejected.
ilr. Knmahoa introduced a rule that the
Chair be empowered to have the Serceaat-at-
Arms remove drunken members. Lost.
Mr. Kalu introduced a resolution that the
amendment to Section 56, of the Constitution,
be the order of the day for Monday. Passed.
.ir. rianaku introduced a resolution that
the pay of the Secretary of the House be
fixed at $10 per diem. Tbe Translator $10
per diem, and Messenger and Janitor $1,50
each.
Mr. Kalu moved to amend bv navinc the
Translator $12 per diem, the Messenger $3,
Janitor $1,50.
His Ex. C. do Varigny amended by substi
tuting the salaries of the last session.
.Mr. Jlopu amended to par tbe Secretary
$10 per day. Translator $7, Messenger $2, and
Janitorsl.su. Losl.
First amendment, making the pay of the
Secretary $10, Translator $10, Messenger S3,
and Janitor $1,50. Carried.
Mr. Lyons presented a resolution as follows :
Resolved That the Sanitary Committeeof
tbe House be instructed to inquire into the ac
tion of tho Board of Health with respect to
tbe Hospitals for Lepers at Kalihi and on Mo
Iokai, and report to the House, and also to re
porfthe advisability of further Legislative
measures with reference to this unfortunate I
class of patients. Passed.
His Ex., S. II. Phillips moved the order of
the uay. f asseu.
Order or the Cat The bill entitled " An
Act to change the time of sitting of the Court
of the 3d Circuit." Bill passed its third read
ing aDd was ordered to the Enrollment Com
mittee.
Tbe bill entitled "An Act to enable the Col
lector General of Customs to permit the with
drawal or alconoi m certain cues." Passed.
Tbe bill entitled "An Act to provide for tbe
adjournments of Courts in tbe absence of tbe
presiding Judge," passed its second reading.
On motion of 31 r. Judd the bill was referred
to tbe Judiciary Committee to correct the Ha
waiian translation.
Tbe bill entitled " An Act to enlarge the ju
risdiction of the Supreme Court," passed its
second reading.
His Ex., S. II. Phillips said the nature of
the bill was, to leave it with the presiding,!
judge, as to wncre certain cases should be
tried, as olten times it would be for the inter
est of the prisoners to be tried at Honolulu or
elsewhere. He then moved to refer tbe bill to
tbe Judiciary Committee. Passed.
Mr. Lyons then offered an amending clause,
" Cases shall not be removed for trial trom the
district where the crime or misdemeanor has
been committed, except with the consent of
defendant or his counsel." Passed.
On motion of His Ex., C. deVarigny, the
Assembly adjourned.
Eighth Hat, Mosdat, April 27th.
House met at 10 A. M. II. II. M. Keku
anaoa in the chair.
Prayer by tbe Chaplain.
Minutes of preceeding Saturday read and ap
proved. Reports or cohmittees. Jlr. Kamakau
reported from tho Judiciary Committee that
tbe Bill referred to tbem for inspection of the
translation was corrected. The report was
accepted.
Mr. W. C. Joucs reported from the Commit
tee a draft of the thanks of the Assembly to
His Majesty for bis trip around Hawaii, which
he moved be ordered for engrossment.
Mr. Keliipio moved to accept the report
of the Special Committee.
Mr. Kalakaua moved to indefinitely post
pone. Lost,
Mr. Keliipio's motion was caHed 18 to 17.
The address was ordered to engrossment.
Resolctio5 Mr. Hitchcock moved that a
Special Committee be appointed to which all
cases of disputed translation may be referred.
The Chair ruled that Mr. U. was out of
order.
Mr. II. then moved to suspend the rules for
tbe consideration of his resolution. Carried.
The resolution was passed.
Covvittee. Hons. H. R. Hitchcock, D.
Kalakaua and C. J. Lyons.
Mr. Kalakaua moved that a committee be
appointed to consider and report the right of
Hon. John Ii to sit in this Assembly.
Mr. Keawehunahala moved to lay on the
table. He laid that tbe same Nobles sitting
now, sat in the last session, and every one
knew who tbuy were. It was against the dig
nity of the House to offer such a resolution.
We might as well inspect the right of the
King.
Ilis Ex. C. de Varigny amended to refer to
the Judiciary Committee
Mr. Keawehunahala amended to refer to a
Special Committee.
Mr. Kaiakaaa said he felt it his duty to
raise this question. He expected that some
action would have been taken npon it before.
Tbe practice of the Assembly had been to in
spect tbe credentials of Kepresentatires. and
be thought that tbe rights of Nobles should
be examined also.
. Mr. Keawehunahala moved that the Nobles
show their credential.
Mr. f. C. Jones read the law. He thought
that the Assembly had no right to inspect the
credentials of the Nobles, or of the King either.
But the Constitution of 1864 says that the At-
I eembly shall be the judge of tbe qualifications
Nobles and Representatives should not sit to
gether, but we have no right to examine the
credentials of the Nobles.
Mr. Kaukaba opposed tbe motion of the
member from Waialua, because the law which
we are now discussing, was made by some of
the very gentlemen who are now in the House,
and it was foolish to continually bring up this
question of tbe rights of the Nobles. If we
know that any are not sitting bere rightfully,
then it will be time to examine the matter.
Mr. Upa objected to the motion, because
that it was personal. II belongs to the King
to name the Nobles, and with his appointments
we could not meddle.
Mr.E. Jones moved to indefinitely postpone.
Mr. Hitchcock moved the order of the day.
Passed.
Hon. J. O. Dominis asked permission for
tbe Committee to reply to the King's address,
to retire. Granted.
The rules were suspended, and the Chair
read the resignation of W. C. Jones, from
booth Kona.
His Ex. S. H. Phillips moved to refer tbe
resignation to the Judiciary Committee, so
that it conld be determined if any one was
legally elected from that district.
Mr. Lyons moved to amend by accepting
tne resignation, and ordering a new election
in South Kona.
Mr. Judd wished to accept the resignation
at once, as the Kiiauea was going to-day and
we tbonld not deprive that District of a rep
resentative any longer than necessary.
tx. a. 11. 1'mmps wished the member
from Kohala to amend, and declare the seat
for South Kona vacant, for u we accept the
resignation it would be equivalent to admit
ting that tbe gentleman had a right to sit.
Mr. Lyons accepted the suggestion, but
wished that notice should be immediately sent
to South Kona.
Mr. Kaukaha wished to hear the reasons
of the member from South Kona.
Mr. Koakanu said that this resignation was
not a wise measure. That the member from
South Kona was not a fool, but educated, and
he knew more than many members who now
sit here. He bad stated his case very forci
bly a few days since, and he (Mr. Koakanu)
thought this resignation uncalled for, and
therefore was against accepting it.
His Ex. F. W. Hutchison moved that the
member from South Kona be allowed the
floor. Carried.
Mr. Jones then said that by the D. C. Mur
ray he had received news concerning affairs,
such that perhaps his presence would be re
quired in California. At any rate he could
not attend properly to his legislative duties
and therefore wished the people of South
Kona should supply his place as soon as pos
sible. The Vice President stated the question be
fore the House.
Resolved, " That the seat for South Kona
is vacant, and notice shall be sent immediate
ly for a new election."
His Ex. S. II. Phillips said if we accept this
resignation, it would be admitting that tbe
gentleman bad something to resign. If a seat
be contested, and a contestant choses to with
draw, he should say, " I withdraw all claim
to this seat." Suppose that in an election
one who is ineligible, gets a majority of the
votes, if it is proven that he bas no right, then
who has the right to the seat. Tbe member
from South Kona tells us, that all along he
has been intending to resign; suddenly he
docs resigns. Shall we then act hastily upon
it? The Assembly can not decide without ex
amination a to who has the right to tbe scat.
As we can not agree upon the form of a mo
tion, let this whole question be referred to tbe
Judiciary Committee. The Committees are
for tho examination of all questions referred by
the House and should not be ignored.
Mr. Keawehunahala approved. The House
should not do any thing without thought.
The member from S. Kona had deceived tho
House a long time by sitting here with the de
sign to resign, and now shall wo treat him
with too much consideration? The question
is, "Is the seat for South Kona vacant?"
Tho House must say whether it is or not. If
thv House takes this out of the hands of the
Judiciary Committee, we might as well abolish
all standing Committees.
Mr. Judd amended, to declare tho seat for
South Kona vacant.
His Ex. C. de Varigny objected, as the seat
bad never been filled.
The motion of Mr. PhilUps was here read as
follows : Tho letter of W. C. Jones shall be
referred to the Judiciary Committee, fur them
to decide who, if any one, has a right to the
seat for South Kona.
Mr. Lyons said, he regretted that the mem
ber from South Kona had not stood forth like
a man, and admitted that be had not been in
tbe country 3 years. He wished to state that
bis remarks tbe other day, bo bad not
argued the eligibility of tbe member, but that
the House had no right to act upon it without
a petition, and he was surprised to hear
some one else had a right to the seat. He
thought that the seat should be declared va
cant and a new election ordered.
Mr. Knudsen said he thought that no one
here believed that tbe gentleman had a right
to the seat, but he thought that as tho seat
was vacant, a new election should be ordered;
His Ex. S. H. Phillips said that he wished
to close tbe debate if no one else had auy
thing to say.
Mr. Boyd said the gentleman had no right
to bis seat and the House should not have
acknowledged him in the first place. Tbe
whole thing was wrong from beginning to
end. He was of opinion that the seat has
been vacant Trom the beginning.
Mr. Bishop amended, moving to lay upon
the table tho resignation of W. C. Jones, and
declaring tho seat for South Kona vacant.
He did not believe that a single one in the
House believed that Mr. Jones had any
right to the scat.
His Ex. S. 11. Phillips understood that the
alternative is this shall tbe letter be laid
upon the table, or be referred to tbe Com
mittee ? He still hoped that it would be re
ferred to tbe Judiciary Committee. It was
likely that the district of riouth Kona would
be unrepresented several days. Whose fault
was it? A gentleman offered himself here.
and resisted the motion to have his case ex
amined before the Judiciary Committee. Yet
although he had asked several days delay
of the Committee, be bad done nothing.
Now, at the last moment, he throws in a
resignation, upon which we are required to
act at once, and order a new election. Sup
pose that by tbe steamer this evening an
order is sent. Perhaps the gentleman will
go up and say that the House have endorsed
him, and he ought to be re-elected. What
then becomes of the representation ef tbe
District? If the electors do not elect aa elig
ible person it is the sme as if they had not
been at all to the pulls. Now the minority
have rights which can not be ignored. He
did not think that the rights of tbe people of
South Kona would be injured by a delay of a
few days.
The motion to lay upon the table was put
and lost.
The motion to refer to tbe Judiciary Com
mittee was carried.
Tbe Bill to authorise the Collector General
of Customs, etc., was reported engrossed.
His Ex. C. de Varigny moved it be read by
its title.
The Bill passed its 3d reading.
The House took up the report of the Judici
ary Committee, on the Bill to " Enlarge tbe
Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court," and, on
motion of Mr. Hitchcock, it was read as amend-'
ed by the Committee.
His Ex. S. U. Phillips moved the amend
ments be accepted. Carried.
He then moved that the Bill be taken from
the Judiciary Committee and referred to a
special committee. Adopted.
Coxxittee. S. U. Phillips, C. J. Lyons,
J. A.Nahaku, V. Knudsen and P. Nahaoltlua.
Mr. Kalakaua wished to give to the commit
tee certain amendments. Permitted.
Mr. Hitchcock moved that the amendments
to Article 56 of the Constitution be read.
Passed.
The amendment was then read by the Sec
retary. It relates to increased pay of the
Representatives.
.Mr. Hitchcock moved that the amendment
pass.
Motion withdrawn, and His Ex. S. II. Phil
lips moved to postpone farther action till to
morrow. Carried.
His Ex. then moved that the Bill entitled,
"An Act to provide for reports of Judicial
Business be read.
On motion of Mr. Keawehunahala the Bill
was referred to a committee of the whole. '
Hon. V. Knudsen was called to the ebalr.
The first section was read.
Mr. Keawehunahala moved to strike rat
" Clerk of the Supreme Court," and insert
"Clerk of the Attorney General." Ha thought
this should be done, as it was evident that the
Clerk of the Supreme Court had his bands
full, but the (Zerk of the Attorney General did
nothing in particular.
II is Ex. the Attornev General wbbed ts
know what thn Clerk of the Attorney General
should do with these reports. All be could do
would be to tie them up with red tape and
hand tbem to the Chief Justice.
Mr. Keawehunahala'a amendment was lost,
and the first section passed.
Tbe Bill passed through tho Committee, and
was reported to tbe Assembly by tne bnair
man. On motion of the Attorney General, the
Bill entitled "An Act to provide for aa addi
tions.! term of the Circuit Court in the 3d Cir
cuit ' was read.
Mr. Keawehunahala moved that the Bill be
made the order for Wednesday. Passed.
On motion of His Ex. C. da Varigny the
House adjourned.
Nixto Dat, Tcisdat, April 2S.
noose met at 10 A. M. H. II. M. Keku-
anaoa in the chair.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
Minutes of the preceeding day read.
Mr. Kalakaua moved to expunge from the
minutes his motion in regard tu J. 11. Carried.
The minutes, as amended, were approved.
Petitions. Mr. Keliipio presented a peti
tion from ,wa and n alanae on the election in
that district. Referred to Judiciary Committee.
Mr. Lyons presented a petition from North
Kohala asking for a Court House and jail,
Also to do away with School Tax. Referred
to Finance Committee.
Also, to reduce the Horse Tax. Also not
to increase Property Tax. Referred.
Mr. W. T. Martin presented a petition from
Kau, asking that the District Court be held at
n aiobiau.
His Ex. F. W. Hutchison presented a peti
tion from Honolulu, asking an appropriation
far the improvement of Liliha Street. Referred
to uommittee on Internal Improvements.
Mr. Rhodes presented a petition from the
Jliutary, asking for an increase of pay.
His Ex. C. de Varigny moved to lay the pe
tition upon tbe table.
Mr. Keliipio moved to refer to the proper
committee.
Mr. Koakanu supported this motion.
Mr. Maheluna said that a very large sum
was appropriated for the military, and as far
as be could see, the common soldiers get very
little pay. Now a petition comes in from this
very body, complaining fo insufficient pay.
He though that the soldiery was upholding
the dignity of the Government, they worked
hard, day and night, and should receive at
least enough to decently support them.
His Ex. C. de Varigny did not object to
hearing from the soldiers, but he objected to
this mixing up of soldiers pay with other
matters, tnereiorc nts motion.
Mr. Keawehunahala moved to amtnd by
laying upon the table, to be cousidered when
the appropriation for military is nnder discus
sion, laoicu.
Reports or Committees. Chairman of En-
rollment Committee reported that the King
approved or tne mil changing time forholding
uourt in tne 4tn circuit.
Mr. Kamakau reported from Judiciarr Com
mittee on the case of W. C. Jones, that the
Committee agree that in the matter of his elec
tion. Article 61 of the Constitution bad not
been complied with, and the Clerk of the As
sembly, shall, according to Section 79 of the
Constitution, order a new election in the dis
trict. Report adopted.
Mr. Dominis reported that the committee to
reply to Ills .Majesty's address, waited upon
him at 12 M., Monday, and presented the ad
dress prepared by tbe House, and tbe commit
tee communicated His Majesty's reply to the
House. Report adopted and committee dis
charged.
Resolutions Mr. Hitchcock moved to sus
pend the rules and consider the amendment to
Article 56 of tbe Constitution, relating to an
increase of pay of tbe members. Carried.
Ibe amendment passed its first reading.
Mr. Nahaka gave notice of a Bill to amend
Sections 92 and 94 of the Civil Code.
Mr. v. T, Martin offered a resolution
that the Minister of Interior furnish the inhab
itants ot Kan land patents free of charire.
Referred.
His Ex. F. W. Hutchison nresented the
items of expenditure of His Majesty's visit to
Kau and the several districts afflicted br the
late eruption. In all $6,844 43. In view of
this expense, be offered a resolution, that tha
sum of $6,844 (8 be appropriated to defray the
same. Referred to the Finance Committee.
Resolution by Mr. Koakanu, that tbe House
reconsider the appointment of Interpreter and
appoint Mr. McCully in his place. Indefinite
ly postponed.
Mr. Ilishon gave notice of a resolution
amending one of the Rules of the Assembly.
His Ex. S. II. Phillips gate notice of the
Appropriation Bill. Also an Act to indemnify
the Minister of Finance. An Act to amend
Chapter 35, Civil Code, relating to Interest on
Ooans.
Mr. Kalakaua asked leave to introdnro m
Hill. Uranted.
The Bill was read, to repeal Sec. 1, Chap.
47, Penal Code.
Mr. Keawehunahala moved to reject the
Bill. Carried.
Mr. Nahaku offered a resolution that the
travelling expenses of Governors of Maui and
Kauai be paid tha same as last session. Passed.
His Ex. S. H. Phillips then moved the order
of the day. The Bill entitled "An Act to pro
vido for the adjournment of Court in tbe ab
sence of presiding Justice." Passed its 2d
reading, was ordered engrossment.
un motion or Ills Ex. 8. H. Phillips, the
Bill to provide for an additional term of the
3d Circuit Court, was considered In committee
ot toe wnoie.
Mr. Nabaku in the chair.
Tho Bill was read bv sections.
Mr. Lynns moved to amend Section 153, by
striking out the word " November " and sub
stituting "October."
On explanation of Hii Ex. R. II Phni;.
Mr. Lyons withdrew his amendment-
Abe rcmaininc sections were nnul. nH id.
.asscuioiy accepteu tne report, and the Bill
pusscu us secona reading.
Ihe Bill, "To transfer the supervision of
x once ana .executive omcera of fh l.iw
Irom tbe Department of Interior to that of tbe
Attorney General," was read.
ihe Assembly went into committee at th.
whole. Mr. Judd in the chair.
The Bill was read by sections. Mr. Naha.
oielua amended to strike out the word " and "
constables ' in Section 3. Amcndnint tA.
cepted.
His hi. B. U. Phillips Introduced a new
section at Section 4.
The Bill passed and Ibe Committee rose.
The report of the Committee was sDDroved
in the Assembly, and, on motion, the Bill was
ordered to be engrossed.
On motion of tbe Minister of Interior, the
Bill relating to tbe Boundary Commissioner.
passed tbe first reading.
Mr. Hitchcock moved to refer the But to
the Committee on Government Lands and
Internal Improvements. Carried.
Assembly adjourned.
California 11 room si.
f-A DOZ., ASSORTED QUALITIES, FOR
WU sale by
U-3m
B0LLES & CO.
C0TT0NCANVAS.
From No. 1 to No. 8, (o arrive per
Ship Syren, at greatly reduced prices by
ll-3m
BOLLES a CO.
A SMALL LOT OF
adies' and Misses' Silk Cloaks,
Direct from Paris, very hands-me,
and for sale cheap.
ALSO.
adies' and Misses' Hoop Skirts,
Very small, and tha newest styles.
Some very nice French Prints.
ALSO, a splendid assortment of
adies' and Gents' Kid Gloves,
Best quality, all kinds.
J3T The attention of tbe Ladies is invited.
MRS. J. II. BLACK,
Fort Street,
PACKET LINES.
HAWAIIAN FAGOT LUTE.
For San Francisco.
THE Al CLIPPER BARK
jgfc 3D. O. 3kX.ix3XCSk.-y,
N. T. BENNETT, Commander,
IlaTiHft; a larjre part of her r
go rsxstl a Btmbcr of pRssca
sfers chjjh jfcJ,
Will have Immediate Du?tk. far
the above pert, .
For freight or passage, having superior ac
commodations for Cabin and Steerage posies-
geri. apply to
15-
WALKER & ALLEN,
Agents.
CAUTORSTA. OSBOX AX3 3CEXICQ
STEAMSHIP COXFAJTTS
San Francisco mi HorMIjm.
lie Company's Splendid A I Steamship
M IDAHO, L
F. CONNOR. Commander,
AVlll run between Honolulu ud San
Francisco ly trie rolloirtng;
Time Tallies
stHsveax raosi
Aaamt. at
Ilonstilu..
.hb ?a TtmcUco Maris
San Tiaaclsco Maris I
I Uonolnla Mar a
Ilouotitla. April 3)?ar Francisco.... April Is
San Francisco.. .. April SS.UonoIola .... .May 4
Honolulu May ViSaa rraacuco Hay 3
HATES OF PASSAGE SAVE HXKX RE
DUCED TO
Calito, $50 Steerage. M
Thrtuth freiibtto Portland and Victoria
will be taken at reasonable rates, and
Liberal Advances Made ass. all
SitilfiiaentM per Steamer.
Insui ance guaranteed at lower rates than by
sailingvessels. Particular care taken cf ship
ments a.' Fruit.
All onlers for Goods to be purchased Is San
Francise), will be received and filled by return
of Steamer. H. HACKFELD Jt CO..
ll-3m Agents.
THE STEAMER
3E5LX X-i -L XJ 3E3 J&.
Will run during the next quarter aa follows
LEiVVISfP II09iOI.CI.i7
Monday, March 30 Monday, April 39
Monday, April S Monday. April 3T
Monday, April 13 Monday, May 4
Laying; np Uli Week eesuneneing Konday,
May 11th.
Monday, May IS Monday. Jane S
Monday, May t'J Monday. Jon 15
Monday, Jane 1
At 4 r. x., precisely, touching at
Ltttialria,
ICalepolcpot
Kealakekua,
Halloa,
Kavralhaei and
Xshnksas,
AX1 LEATIXU
Kealakekua, Wednesday, about noon.
Kailua, Wednesday evenings,
Kawaihae a Mahatona, Thursday evenings.
Arriving back at Honclnlu EatardaTmornlnn.
Passengers will be landed at Makee's Landing.
On Thursday, June 23th,
She will leave for
Koloa and IVobaea. Kaaali
At4J P.M..
Arriving back on Saturday, tbe 21th.
11- WALKER A: ALLEN, Agents.
For Molokai.
The Schoor.er
KAMAIJCE,
Will run as a regular packitt between Hono
lulu and Molokai, touching at Kausakakal
and Pukoo. For freight or puiage apply to
the Captain on board or
ll-3m ii. rKENDEl'.UAST, Agent.
For Hanalei, Kauai.
Schs Prince,
Will run as a regular packet ts the abor
ports. For freight or passage apply to the
Captain on board, or
WALKER i. ALLAN,
H-3m it gents.
For Hilo and Jnpmea, Hawaii.
Sch. Annie,
Will run as a regular packet to tbe above
ports. For freight or passage apply to
ll-3m WALKER A ALLEN, Agents
For Hilo and Kaupakyea, Hawaii
L Sch. Active,
Will run as a regular packet to the above
ports, touching at LAIIAINA. Forfreightor
passage apply to
WALKER & ALLEN,
U-3m Agents.
REGULAR PACKET FOR HILO.
TUB SCHOO.fER
ODD FELLOW
JH KEGIXARLV I .AIM O.t
X as a packet between Uonolnla and lillo.
For freight or passage, apply to
CIILNG llOOX & CO., AgenU.
Honolulu, Angnst SS, 18fsX ll-Sm
Regular Packet
For Lain and Makee's
Trie Dm atannch clipper ctrccmer
'If ATP i KCf
am bastes
CRANE,. Master.
Will ran regnlarly and punctually- on
above route. For freight orpassart aprlv
to the Master on toanl, or to
j. bbxwzb .c Co.
March 81,1866. itsm
For HILO, PAUKAA aol XAHtXI.
The schooner
BALLISTER, Master,
Will ran recnlarlr fcr the above nnria. T
r..iv.. i , .
A, Ij. Al
TORBEBT. HonoloJc
J. H.CONZT, Hilo.
ll-3ns
Or
California Lima.
WE KEEP A FTJCL STOCK OF THIS
article, and are reeeivinr freak antral!
tV! tKltt' for li ot prices at
" " DULLHii CO.
Expected Per C&stet
rXVSES OF CALIFORNIA v,..i
J Cases -ef Caia. Pilot Bread, 100 Tun of
Assorted Crackers, all or which will be sold at
low prices by S-tf BOLLES Jt CO.

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