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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, May 06, 1868, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1868-05-06/ed-1/seq-2/

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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE.
J. MOTT SMITH."
Director of the Government Press.
UUXOLVU" :
WKDXBSHAY, M.ft: 6. 1SSS.
BY AUTHORITY.
Notice is hereby given, that Hen. A. M. Ka
nalcwai has placed bos resigaatwa ia the hands
cr llts Msjesty the Km;, which Ha Msje.ty
has t-rn picMjl; pleased t mcecp.
I". W. HrrcHisov.
ll.OOr. .IfrUS". I1. MtoLWr.fUl.rwr
Is it wise aad prudent. all points cuasid -
ered, for cs to do anything towards secnr -
ing frequent steam communication with
Saa Francfcco T Fast experience has de -
mnnetraieil. that neither the rood wishes
t(wBtt.(rriUl?( "Prfftfc. greatest good ofj
arguinenl vet brougat to near upon iwi -
gress. U toficient to caare the estabbsh-
meat et a steam Hue to ear tskutds.sach as
ousht to be bid on, in order to be of any
nateral aid to our business, or enhance
ment of our commercial prosperity.
The business of San Fraseisco with
these islands wiH not be quickened or de
pressed by the mode of carrying; it makes
no difference with her merchants whether
our produce is tea days or twenty days on
the passage ever the loss of time, inter
est, insurance, and risk beirtg wholly with
Ker will tkev derive any advantage from
ottjekeaed cotaraanicaUoa. br iu tenden-! 'stand U stlU moved by slistt ribntioas.
. , . .,riThre was a smart shock felt U Kohala on
ct to draw capitaL popobtwa, vr any oil .... . ....
' . , i ThursdsT, also the same dar a slight vibra-
the aids to material prosperity from our u uenolulu.
isktads to their own shores, tlesce we
Heace we
may safely coscrade that d&foroei, sure '
of beig the natural market for our pro-
dects. is quite indifferent whether they j
rwieh her br steam or br sal i
The erAuea kg prevalent m the Urn-
" r -r
ted Mates, that nehborbood makes these
lUb-U ufnimswral imiwrtaace to them
iskunis ol cooHHercal tmportaace to teem,
aad otter coosidemtieos of a general na-
ture.&I Wiuce Coress to order tlut the
great TrxiS-PactSc line to China should
toh at Ueeotdk. StiK titer, these rea-,
, L-i . l .1,
sobs nosed a satewr to be granted to-
... r .
w-ards-estabfebag a terminal hse. Both
. m ' ' u
ot taesttws,as engwiay pu.-eu. contain-,
ed rvgautMMM as te the uequeacy of trips,
which, taoozh net all that could be deir- a .uument of what I obeerred there,
ed ns. were seScieat U be the proause f m here at once that I started from
r UUo, with a few fnends, for Kllauea April
ard gueniea f better thiecs in the future ; in a; deceruied the crater on the l$th; ex
it vel Beeat of a steam-eoaawnid- 'f JSt1 nf"th Puna
r .. road o the 20th : the so called mod flowou
tion which should aderd ss aM the help : the 2tst, and the lava stream in Kakukn on
and becefit te be derived &sts snch a coc
aectioo. Bat hardly had these two laws
passed degress ere they began to be
changed; the provbiea in one was repeal
ed altogether, the other so modified, that
hower it mar meet the seeds of Cafifor-
ninas. is c-et at aM eqsal t oar Becessities.
, ... , ,
Oa4y ee dedsctwa caa be drawn from
this bit of atenm-coaacKcitioB-history. it '
is. that the interest of the American peo-
rl ia ns i not tirw pnac-h to Hduce
pletaos fc not urge enaagn to cuce
either Cosgtess or the CaSfcrnsans te pay
al the bdfs foe keeptsj up request trips ,
of steamers oa this roate, rser do titer pro-
, , . , , ,
pose te saddle themselves with the nader-
tjjg '
, , !
e may deduce a Ettle more, that bar-1
et granted a subtly for two rears and
- e -
fooad an American company wMSsg to try
it should the rocte prove fimineiaHy dis
astroas it wilt require on great persua
sion, for Congress to annul the contract
aiteeether. There ts no .substantial rea-
son. at present, why American capital or
American pabfc funds shookl be lost on
this steam route. 1
u 1
-. "'"i r
meat war oar neignoors sneaia nesp us
aay more, it is to prepW the res-1
ties, can we help oarselves, and is it pru
dent td so!
Steam commnnication with iraa Fras
cisco is a desirable thing. Its estabSsh
ment may interfere at first with ether pri
vate interests, but in the leng- run its ben
efits will accrue to aM, and its stimulus be
felt in aE kinds ef business. Trips once
in six weeks, aK that is now required by
Congress, are rather a disadvantage than
otherwise to as. Trips once in twentr
days voual enable as te derive the practi-
, . . ....
cu.rciieuM mi we ueixe-
There can be no expectation that Con-
. , . ... .
gress wul raise- their subsidy la increase
the frequency of trips, nor can anr caJca-
, . , 1
Iaiioc shear that onr trade wm warrant
,1 .,- . .
the putting- of another steamer 80 the
route by the company at- their own, risk. '
r, ,. . . -r . f. r-
Careful analysis of the Collector eneraTs
titles for 1S6T Shows that the ireijflt rat-. transformed into a vast pit, more than SCO
. . . ; feet deep, tile soEd eastern wail projecting
ue at iS-OO per too oa oar principal: do- far over the holfow befow, wbifc the iwsain
mestar prod arts, hence to San Francisco. ' faffing off with a sharp facjina
' turn, and eeostst eta confused mass of sharp
amonnt to...... toiJii
lad goods thence here, say .27.G00
Passenger transportation both ways
wiii CaHn (, ST0 and Steer
age SW, say 45.000
Total
If all this carryiar couH be concentrated
. .
ji steamer Ene, (which wiH never hap-
pen) the ressel making tweaty-omr day
trips, or etghteen per year, coald only
earn The cast of each, trip may
be arerazed ia whole cambers at $14,000.
TWiKn, in.fcn.mMt thtfor oni- .
I Here fit m indceemeat men tor opt
tiHsts to pet oa Etesmers for the profits,
nor are the prospects so flattering- that
tiey will risk heavy tosses with tna eipeo
, , . ,
tation that the fetore wilt recuperate tnem.
either the snbsiclr by the Hinted States,
nor thatsoacht rem ns,wul toianeethe j
ac-oont so as to insure from fcsa. There
i rnarrin'eaorigjk to be set off to that risk;
witnieTBryes.mnstetxonnUr.
jsssj be saa taWt. witixot poltis" our own
1 sboekWrs te the wheel we shall But have
two steamers on the route, and wo may
truly hartor the sofpiriou. that as one
' steamer does not par as ran at jirejent, wo
' may lose that too. at no distant date.
' The subsidy tnenlianid in the Appro
i priation Kilt is quite- within oar power to
grant, without either increasing taxation
now or proepectitely.
It carries with it the right of imposing
condition; which mar provide for all the
points deemed essential to free and cheap
. .
communication necessary to the protec-
j tion of commerce and agriculctre, and the
1 general welfare of the public
j The whole matter is one of grave im
' portasce. beiny so closely connected with
sH cur bcsisess relations, and interwoven
' with our future development and prosperi-
tr. AVe notice, that on Monday, by reso-
, lation, it was referred to the Committee on
1 Commerce for thorough consideration. It
j lies whoSy within the province of the As-
1 setablr, and we are sure they will acquit j
, themselves of tha'responsibility with an
i our u ivauu.i. jmriiu
I ments are popular. The Assembly
look npjn them as steps in the right
I tion towards faciBtatiiKr trade and opening
up our resources in this light, what in
ternal improvement more satisfactory, and
sure of profitable, returns, than steam
comnunication with Son Francisco every
, twenty days
THE EEUPTION!
Cp to Wednesday, 29th nit., there has been
no farther accounts of volcanic action on Ha
wafi. The earthquakes have ceased In vio
lence and frequency, although the whole
There are reports that the lava has araln
broktn out in Kapapala, but we do not
credit it.
We are happy to give our readers a dear
ineSnt account of the late volcanic
icUBa " vl "uu"
TVm. HBlebrand.M. D-. who has just return-
examination of the dUturbed
VT .
dutricts .
The account of the lava fissure at Kabukn,
is entirely new to the public H. L iL's
Comraisslener and Cousul.M. Beranger.who
mltte tB toor wlm "r- "taeorano, nas mane
a number of sketches of the moat Interesting
voleajuc appearances,
Tf ikt xiiun GaCU.
Sut: Uaving Jest returned from ajourner
serves the eese of the Lite volcanic convuf-
the 23d. Oa the 24th we crossed the kva
stream oa the road to Kona, and reached
Keatakekaa Bay on April tk j
Of Uik I have little to say, as your cor- 1
respondents have communicated to you the
most remarkable events from that place. I ,
sac sevcnl ti-sares ia tbe earth near Wahl '
iwa River, of from eicbt Inches to one foot
in "; . were'caitoed by the earth
quake or Apru md. and run in tne direction
of Mauna Loa. The earthquake waves all
moved from southwest to northeast, aad
oTerturned moveable objects standing at
rigat.nngfcts wlth - that line A heavy book-
ca in the Rev. T. Coan s library, holding
that relation to the wave, was overturned,
"hffle another heavy case, filled with shells
whictt stood parallel to It, re-
niained standing.
gnHmd .njS'cnter, paHfcnUrly
on the eastern and western sides, is rent by
a great number of fissures, one near the Puna
m9n tfcaa twelve teet wide and very
deep ; ethers oriesser size run parallel to and
crass the Kan road, so as to render travel
on It very dangerous. Tbe look-out house
detaehed from the main land bravery
deep crmusf, and stands now on an isolated,
everhaBiring rock, which, at the next severe
concussion, must tnmcie into tne pit neiow.
Jfaay smaller fissures are .hidden by grass
and bushes, forming so many traps for the
unwary. The Volcano House, however, has .
not stuTered. nor is the zroncd surrouBdinir
it broken in tbe least. From the wails of
t :r . 1 . . - . .. t T- ,.. 1 ...
ucixd and thrown. dow3. On the west and .
north-west side, where the fire had teen
most active before the great earthquake of
April 2nd, the faffing masses probaMy have
tmn at once melted br the Lira and carried
otr ta to 5treaIn for ie waHs there, remain ,
as perpendicular as tner were before, but ,
" fUfK tE& W?t '
entvrees aseag me western eaire just sposen
of, aad the partial detachment In many places
largv prisms uc roc.
Bat it is on the
east and northneast wall particularly tfet the
character et tne crater nas undergone a
ch.mge. Along the descent on the second
tedie larze masses of reek, many, more than
XOO tons in weight, obstruct tbe path and
form abutmots to the stoce pillars small
buttress bills similar to those observed in
frant of the high bosaltie wall in Koolau,
Oufcc So also in the deep crater itself, the
eastern waB has lost much of its perpendic
ular dip, and has become sbafrtsg in part.
The crater itself was entirely devoid of
liquid Iara; no incandescence anywhere;
prrciir darkness hovered over the abyss the
first oiiht. I sar the first nizht, because
durinrrthe seeond night of oorstar, between
Kand I a. detouattous were heard asaiu.
and ttrht reappeared for a short tjne la the 1
South Laxe. White vapors of steam issued
from the floor In a hundred places, but of
those stifling, sulphurous and aeid cases ,
formerly so- orerpowenmr, ia the neurbbor-1
hood of the lakes and ovens, only the faintest
trace was pereeived here and there. The heat
jras nowhere so great that we could not keep
ocr footing foe a minute or more, although )
in many places it would forbid the touch of
5 5, rte is '
aa. More than two-thiids of the old floor of
KHanea baa eased la. and sunt from ICO to i
300 feet below the level of the remaininzj
fleor. The depression ezibraces the whole
! western half, and infringes in a semicircular '
I Eneoaa considerable portion of the other!
; half It is greatest in the northern, and 1
i nr!i.rmilisil irrrctX m 1 14 wurthom nnr. '
Boa. Entering upon this depressed floor
from the southern lake, it was some time be- i
fore we became fully aware of its existence:
It wasonlroa ear return from the n-orth-1
wegt con,,', where It is deepest, that there i
presented Uselx tnronzn the mist in which
we were enveloped, a huA wall of 3CO feet of
z-rotesque aad fitntasric outlines. At first we
were quite bewildered, fincying that we be
beld the creat outer will tit the crater. On
nearer approach we soon sarisfled oarseires
that this stnsalarwall represented thelineof
eemiAt;2oj oC x dtpres.iou in the f
floorof the crater a. fitct that surprised ni
the more, as a bird-eye view from abore had !
altogether foiled to apprise us ct its existence.
. . . . t . k . . V ; r .
. we - - Been uuutuicu UM uc iuo- T
ral actrritr of the crater before the great
lvViVai& had been in the north west cor-
ner, nt proceeded to that direction: on- Ieav
bar the ioatB. lake. Hartex arrived at about 1
the middle of the depression, a considerable
' fije te the grocad presented tesrff t onr
left to the west. Hartcr ascended this, we
found oarselves at the brink: of a fearfat
TS
'get, and rrrJJ aboct half amUe from
nortfa to south. Very hot air rose from It lent action of atorrent which shot out ef the
Around it. towards Us northern extremity, utud after It wo dclKWllcd, and nblcb. has
the lava U throw n up Into an Indescribable since pcrprluaed Uself In a stream or some
confusion; pile upon pile of a, gorge and six, milt muldy, and emitting the above
rider bv turns. ! mentioned pot.ery odor when we saw It first
The wins In of the floor seemed to be still : on April 20, K wfeetly elearand Inodorous
In rrwcresslvn, for twice during our explore-. when e passed U three days later. A little
Hon of the crater, our nene. were disturbed higher up a oa grove elves still stronger
brarroloused heavv rumbUns and rattling evidence to tie strength of the propelling
nol-e, us from a distant platoon fire of mus- lore. The tries first seixed are snapped off
ketrv, coming from the northwest corner. j and prostrate., et the mud In that place is
luthe arteruoon 1 visited Kllauea Us, that 1 only a few feet deep. The mass Itself Is no
small crater, hardly half a mile distant, , thing but the Dose red soil or the mountain
eastward, from tbe treat one. I saw It In 1 aide, with a grod sprinkling of round bould-
hen the bottom and sides were covered
with shrub, and small trees. Now tbe bot
torn Is covered w lh a shining Hf of black
j lava, .ml the dark patebe along Its adcs.
1 rive abundant evidence of fire In grass and
bash. 1 take Its depth to be about the "me
as that of the larse crater.
Thus tar. as to what we nave seen. -o
allow me to relate what I learnt from Kalna.
w ho has resided near tbe volcano w ithcut
Interruption for the last five mouths, and
whose strons nerves sustained him during
the fearful catastrophe Introduced by the
earthquake of April id. lie, and the China
man w bo keeps the house, ere tbe only per
sons who remained at Kllauea. lie says that
for two months preceding the first shock,
viz., from Jan. 20 to March 2S, the crater bad
been unusually active; eight lakes being in
constant ebullition, and frequently overflow
ing. During all this time, (the date of Its
first appearance could not be ascertunea ex
actlv) there was In the northwest corner a
"blow -bole," from which, at regular inter-
vals.ofainlnnteorless.witharoariocnoise,
mhofMarch At the same time tbe aetlvl-
Mr. Kornander found the bottom of the cra
ter overfiowed with fresh lava and Incandes
cent. Thursday, April 2d, at a few minutes past
four, r. x., the big earthquake occurred,
w bich caused tbe ground around KUaaea to
rock lite a. -hip at sea. At that moment, there
commenced fearful detonations In the crater,
large quantities of lava were thrown up to a
treat bcteht ; portions of tbe wall tumbled
In. This extraordinary commotion, accom- i
panted with unearthly noUe and ceaiele
. ... 1 .. . ...
swajinr of the rroucd. continued from that
day tttt Sunday night, April 5th. but frvm tAt
JtnttAe JirttityMH ti rrcrte. On Ibursday
otbt. It was already confined to tbe regular
lakes; on Saturday night, it only remained
in tbe great south lake, and on Sunday night
there was none at all; Pele had left Xilauea.
The noises now became weaker, and were
separated by looser Intervals. By Tuesday,
quiet reigned In Kllauea. On that afternoon
the lava burst out at a dUtance ot forty miles,
southwest, in Kabukn.
April 2d, from six to ten, r. x., Kalna ob
served fire in the direction of PunaKhlch,
at the time, caused him to believe that tbe
lava bad found a vent again in that direction,
as it did In 110; but he subeequentlv talis
fied himself that It was only a rejection
from lava In KliaRea in. It was not seen
"TJ?"-,, . , .. , .
It is needless to comment on the Important
btf Bf off 't Ulli
analysis of the phenom instituting the
fae u, As mv wt .by friend Kalna,
the proprietor of the Volcano House, was
TxSS&g d desired tnaTo
retnrn to the capitaC I should express my
opinion that said lady was only on temporary
leave of absence, I acquit myself of this debt
of gratitude for tbe valcable Information re
ceived with so much tbe more pleasure, as I
believe, 1 can do it with a good conscience.
Kllauea has been drr once before, after the
great flow In 1S10. this information I hate
Irem that faithful chronicler of tbe Hawaiian
Vok-asoes, the Rev. Mr. T. Coan at Illlo, as
al-o another very important one, till: that
this present eruption has been the first in
stance of simultaneous activity in Kllauea and
the crater of Mokuaweoweo on the summit
of Mauna Loa. That lava issued in three
streams from tbe summit of tbe mountain on
April 2S, Is corroborated by many eye-witnesses
In Kan.
the cunt risscxE seas tub roi koad.
In Kapapala we were told that fire had
been seen several nights In a S. E. direction,
and that natives had reported flowing lava
there. We rode over in the mornlus of April
20th. At adlstanceofSmilesfromllr. Red's
dwelling, where the runa road turns ou from
tbe Kllauea road, heavy clouds of wblterapor I
were seen to issue from the bush, which
sparsely covered the pahoehoe, makal of the
road. Half an hour's ride brought us np to
the place, but we were obliged to leave our
horses some distance before reaching the
spot, on account or fissures. After having
crossed a number or them, beading for the
heaviest cloud of vapor, we at last came to a
deep crevasse In the pahoehoe, at least 21 feet
in width, no bottom risible. It narrowed
aad widened out in places, bnt nowhere was
less than Sreet wide Its length we estimated
at 40O feet Parallel with this great crevasse
constituting a belt about 600 feet in width,
were a number or smaller ones on each side,
diminishing la size with distance from it,
from 6 feet so a few inches. From the larger
openings in tbe former heavy white columns
ot hot steam Issued, which bad a decidedly
alkaline smelL smaller Jets of vapor, to the
number ot so, rose irom tne smaller nssures.
YWcobLI not diseorer fire In anr Dlace. but I
It Is very probable that durinc dark nights and black. In a very short time this subsided
the reflex of the underlying lava should be some say In one minute, others in five miu
throwa np, for as the steam did not seem to ntes; bnt a black cloud continued to borer
contain combustible material it Is unlikely over the scene for some time. A native wbo
that the light seen should have been pro- resided less tban half a mile from the scene,
dueed by it. Tbe mean direction of all the and who had friends living on tbe hill, found
fissures was E. 9 decrees J, S. W. 3 de- I courage enough to run to It half an hour
crees or nearly tbe direction Ola line con- 1
necttnir Kllauea with Waiohinu and Kabukn.
The distance of these fissures from Kilauea
is IS miles.
aUFsPtM,
As in this district the earthquake of April
2nd culminated to its greatest intensity, so
as even to rend in twain the framework of a
raoantain side, and hurt down oa the plain a
portion of its flank, it is necessary to give a
short description of tbe country in order to
insure a proper understanding of the dis-
iuroance. lite locality in question is tuai
comprised between the ranch station of
Messrs Reed & Richardson, on tbe east, and
Mr. F. Lyman, on the west, a distance of
fire miles. The government road connect
ing these two places runs through a tine
grassy plain, which has a very gentle tali
towards the scl, its deration beinz about
2,000 feet Intu this plain project from the
slope of Manna Loa three parallel hills or
spurs, each a boat one mile in Ienzth, and
from SCO to L00O feet io height. They in
clude two broad valleys between them. The
upper portions of these valleys rise with a
sleep iscHoe towards a ridge which rani at 1
rizfct aszles with tbe spurs, and is covered
wkh a dense pulu forest, which extends far j
up tSe gentle slope of the dome of Manna J
Loa. In the second one of these valleys
tbatnext to Mr. Lvman's tbe so called mud-
flow toofc piaee, but very extensive load- '
slides, confined simply to the loose earth and I
conglomerate, also occurred in the other I
vallevs.
The jrroond around Reed Jt Richardson's I
station is tern np into numerous email cracks
and fissures, running in every direction.
Some are Urge enough to engulf, horse and
rider, a fact which actually occurred a few
days aSer the eartnqns.r A Urge citcrn.
Dalit in suliii masonry and covered
ed with an i
pieces and '
.-f 9 .;.t. !
arched stone root, was rent to
the roof entirely broken away. ctxsin:rle
stone fesee is standing; their places arc ln-
d kited by Cat belts tif stone on the ground.
The deffin?-bense t good wooden framed
one exhibits a wrench across its roof, so that
the gutters empty themselves in the sitting
mom- th-AkrCiie 1 tferawix offits funrnit.
arjoa ; ether out buildings are completely
overturned ; and of the grass houses some
are smashed down, others, crealiy iceiined.
But all these sizes of destruction re throws
is the shade by the grandeur of the force
which shouk oaT the side of the paB, burying l
ia a mtnute thirty-one hiTnin beings, man
hundred held of cattle, and entire nocks of , the dislocation seems to oe owing to a ioia
Toats, -n.r enhji four miles fxum its bcaia- foa or kinking of the laud on one side, for
ninsr in a mighty river nf mud. Before reach-I the flu ore does sot extend reiy tar ia cither
hie this mnd-flow tram Reed's- house, we i direction.
passed two cousiderabie streams of muddy :
water, of a reddish ytHaw color, emitting a I
strong odor of day, such aa may lie pereeived j
to mytttrv. Bote -rmra hire thef r rrW a t
In the Iaod-sBde of the first vaBey. When '
we passed them again, tvo days later, they
had nearly disappeared: they evidently owed
their orsrin to the drainage of the Sdlea '
mass. The mad-flow fa met with three crfles ,
botaSeafi. It projects itself from tie spurs
cf the hiUs two miles down oa tint plain; 1
bejrfns at once with: a thfekneaa cf six; feet,
whlclL, towards the mWT where it forms a
small haj, rises to thirty ft ; avenges xtavt
three-faurtha of a mile fa width, aad eon-
tracts towards its end. From this end c long
onese of boulders bear wfteeu to the rhv
era, wim cert ana mere nunrs oi jrvv.
icrus, uapuu su amsawau, auu vumc ivuua
trunks. Neat the lower end a vigorous,
healthr taro phnt stood erect In the mud, as
if It had been slanted there. From it sides
protruded portions or the bodies of many
cattle and goats overwhelmed in their Sight
a gain ot out second In time might have
saved them, the surtare of the mud in this
lower course vas rather smooth, as If it had
been forced dew n by the agency of water, and
It was still so soft that the feet sank deep
Into It.
After we had fiankrd It for some distance
alone the shit of the hill, the mud became
solid enough to bear our weight, and we
walked upon it to the head of the palL The
surface gradually became more rough; the
bonldcrs Increased, and detached portions of
earth and stone were scattered beyond Its
borders, which also flattened out gradually.
Tbe ascent soon brcaine steep, and here, on
I a snort spur, just In tne middle oi ine rami,
I fds a native house on an U-land or grass
i and taro, flunked bytwo trees. Apoorwo-
. uoouimmereaiaioingiueiuueiyui unuuiuj,
As we went on. the mass became more
rough and bard, tree trunks and boulders
increased, even angular rocks appeared, until
at li.-t the mud ceased entirely and gave
place to a sea of huge rocks, all angular and
exhibiting fresh fracture, large trunks of
trees crushed between and under tbem, and
streamlets of frh clear water meandering
between them. This continued for the last
SIX) feet of rise, and ended In a perpendicular
wall or soua rocs, some -V tett nigu, auer
j T1"? climbed nbich .we reposed .under the
avfa.Mni r.t rtdil fwrti fro fir W tftil
refreshing shade of tall fern trees, for we had
entered at once tbe snout pulu forest, seated
on tbe trunk of a prostrate tree, we could
survey the whole eld of devastation we bad
just traversed, Immediately at our feet tbe
rocky framework of tbe pall was torn up,
and Its contents turned topsy turvy In dire
coofnsion. Tbe nxkr wall we bad Just
climbed, continued itself nntll it reached the
sides of the two Sinking hills. A perpen
dicular cut In tbe sides of tbe latter bid open
some W feet or red earth and conglomerate.
On looking behind us we saw that the rock
we were resting on was separated from the
mountain by a deep rnrusar, parallel to the
wall, and oily partly visible as it extended
under the dense trees. To our left, a clear,
sparkling mountain stream leaped In a bounc
ing cascade ver the crag, and after losing Its
course amU the mare of rocks, gathered
itself again Cow ing over t he solid bed-rock in
a deep gorgecut In the mud. This stream had
existed herd before, but ere it reached half
down the pall, became lost In the soil. It
can easily be imagined what an amount of
subsoil water must have been deposited here.
Bearing this In mind, and the great depth or
soil and conrlomerate on this slope, as indi
cated by the cuts In tbe hill sides, there seems
to be no grvtt difficulty-to explain how stch
enormous masses or earth, at first propelled
horizontally through the air. hurled down the
Talley by tbt tremendous force which tore
off tbe side or the mountain, should then
have been seized by the propelling force or
the now liberated subsoil water, and carried
In a mighty stream far beyond tbe place
where at first they were deposited
On returning, we concluded to reach and
follow the itdge of the bill flanking the
stream on our left. Havinsr arrived there,
we could survey tbe extent of the land-slides
on the opposite side or tbe hill, which were
considerable. From this place, onr guide
pointed out to us a human figure in tbe dis
tance, moving siowiy over tne ureary neia.
It was a husband searching for the body or
his wirt our guide, biraseli, poor lellow,
mourned the Iocs of a wife, two little boys.
and both streets. All slent their Ion sleeo
under that field of desolation. Following
tbe crest of tbe hill still covered with grass
and wood, we were startled by tbe number
or fissures and crevices intersecting it in
every direction. In some places, one was
templed to say icat more space was occupied
by them than by the solid crust.
The direction or the solid rock wall and
the crrruue in tbe forest, is northeast by
north to southwest by south, nearly parallel
to a line connecting Kllauea with the lava
outbreak in Kabukn. The stream running
from the mnd-flow is likely to remain per
manent, as it is a contiunance or the mount
ain stream above, and now runs upon ex
posed solid bed-rock.
All this destruction was the work of the
great earthquake of April 2d. During the
rive days preceding it, ever one thousand
shocks bad been counted. On that afternoon
Mr. Harboltle, at Reed's, with his men was
dririnc cattle across the hill towards Illlo,
when suddenly the earth shook violently and
a great detonation, was heard behind tbem.
Horses and cattle turned round involuntarily.
The whole atmosphere before them was red
auer tne occurrence, tie inrust ms nana in
the mud aad found it cold.
From that Thursday to Sunday the earth
constantly rocked and swayed, tbe hills
seemed to alternately approach and recede.
Most people became seasick, strange roar
inr and surzing noises were heard under tbe
ground. When the ear was applied to tbe
earth it would often receive a distinct im
pression as if a subterranean wave struck
acainst the earth's crust. The prevailing
direction ct the earthquake wares was said
to have been from K. to S. W.
During the twenty-fonr houru of April 21,
we experienced twenty shocks at Kapapala.
From the upper road from Kapapala to Wai
ohinn,(the lower road has been rendered im
passable by the encroachments of tbe sea),
several minor land slides were observed on
the hills ; most booses were injured more or
less ; no stoaew all remained anywhere. All
the people Irom near tbe beach bad taken
refuge on higher lands near the upper road.
My professional services were called for by
many people who had been injured by the
great oceanic earthquake wares. The great
wave rose to a height 01 3 Ice!, ana accord-
fog to reliable Inlonnation, portions of tbe
coast-Ihre bavo subtised considerably. In
som places eccoanut trees formerly out of
water are now a foot deep In tbe sea. Every
village along the coast of Kan and part or
rnca tsas Keen swept away, ine wnoiepop- t
u la! ion of Waiohinn I found encamped on
hlxa bill to the eastamong the ferns. From;
two'to three hundred people bad lived there
for two weeks under toe scanty shelter 01
huts made or mats, fern and ki-Ieaves, and
could not find it in their hearts to return to
their houses and fields. Their crops, which
before "" already suffered from long con
tinned droczfat. were being invaded by tbe
ottle, no fences remaining to protect them,
It is much to be feared that tbe calamity of a
famine will visit tbe smitten district in addi-
famine win visit the smitten district in addi
tion to the disasters s uttered already.
Of the damage done to the village or Wai- I
obina other witnesses have given ample in- '
formation. The hill forming the west side '
of the amphitheatre on which- the village is
located, bos expenecced a considerable land-
slide. Less than five minutes walk from :
VVaiohins a crack of eight feet in width has !
dislocated the Kona road to tbe extent of its
width. This fissure has a direction nearlr ,
South to Sorth, tending towards tbe summit
of Manna Loa. It is filled np with stones I
4?gnrcd frcca it daring the movement ;
Kancix. Here the lara bnrst forth, April
7th, Uirongh aa ecormons Cssnre of nearly
three miles fa length, and ran in a few
boure overs distance of twelve miles, from I
a hefcht of 30 feet, the highest point of i
the tsssare, to tne sea, in wruca itcaoseaa
projection of Bore thol half a mile. Tbe
upper portion of the stream is contisnons ;
te it middle course, where it ran over the
not ai,aauea wiin tmu nuis, aruuaa asa
heto w the site of Capt Brown's former reai-
j deuce, it dimes itseu into sererat nrasenes
I WBicfa leave a nnmberof islands between
f them, aad either unite again te the great
IiaAoeAee stream which rat down to the sea,
! or end abruptly mostly as x. On following
the old Kona read tbe traveller I obliged.
fitst, to pass around the tail end of an a
stream, then to cross two oa streams, and at
last tbe itiAotAce. From a prominent hill
near Capu Brown's booto tho scene can be
best surveyed. On the Islands between the
several streams, many cattle and hones Toned
refuge, most of which were saved after tho
cessation of the flow. On tho hill stand a
house which contained three poor sick men.
When tbey became an are of tpe approach of
the lava tbey attempted to escape, bnt not
having strength enough left they returned to
f lueir uouse expecting ucain. sue urn uow
j ereronlysurrouudcd them, and athro were
some provision and water in the house, tbey
kept themselves alive until It cooled and
succor was afforded tbtui. Tbe eruption must
I have erased cither on Saturday or Sunday
nirhUtbellthorl2thof AnriL The accounts
do not agree . About the exact time or luo
outbreak also there is some obscurity. The
great fissure having been formed, In all pro
bability, on April 2nd, the final breaking
through or the lava seems to have began
almost without noise. Capt. Brown only
became aware or It by tbe sight or fire ap
proachinc toward his house, alter darkness
bad set iu, and tbcu he hardly bad time to
sav himself and family, tbo lava rnsblng
down tbu last gulch ten minutes alter be and
his family bad crossed It. From Mr. Whit
ney, who approached tho stream Irom tbe
Kona side, I learn that a goatherd assured
blm that he bad been prevented from re
turning to Waiohinn as early a the morning
of April 7th, by the lava flow.
As the priaclpil interest was the discovery
of the main source of tbt stream, we at once
went to that part of It, where, according to
cotisuiou report, the lava had Issued. A very
light dark brown glistening pumice stone
lay scattered about long before the lava was
seen. Near tbe flow it Increased so much
that the animals feet sank deep Into It at
every step. We soon reached the ridge of a
hill from which we surveyed the place where,
according to onr guide's account, the foun
tain or lava had been seen. This upper por
tion or the lava stream fills a broad valley or
depression, between two parallel low hills or
not more tban tM) feet high, both running
almost due North and South. 'From the
western ono or these hills Mr. Whitney
had witnessed the eruption. From the east
ern hill we In vain looked for a crater or
cone. We did not make ont any Indication
or the character of the eruption until we bad
crossed nearly three-fourths or the stream,
w bleb here is not far from a mile wide. Then
our attention was attracted by an accumula
tion or scoria. Xearlng this w e were struck
by a current or bot air, and, a little further
on, found ourselves on the brink or a deep
gap In the lava about 20 feet wide, but nar
rowing and continuing itself Northward.
We walked round the Southern end of the
gap and followed It np on the West or lee
side. Before long wc came to another en
largement or the fissure like the former,
emitting bot air charged with acid gases
which drove us back. StlU continuing onr
march on the west sideof the fissure as close
as the hot gases would allow, we came in
sight or a pretty miulature cone, built up
most regularly or loose scoria to the height
of 12 feet, and located right over tbe fissure.
It encloses a chimney crater or about 12 feet
diameter, with perpendicular sides, tbe depth
or which could not be ascertained. Hot
gases issued in abundance. On account of
the exhalation or tbe latter we were obliged
to cross the chasm, on the bridge formed by
the cone, to the windward side, along which
we followed up steadily.
This crack or fissure tends South tlx de
grees West to North six degrees East, and Is
in tbe slope of the hill that forms the West
boundary of the lava stream. Its lara cover
therefore Is quite thin iu many places, so
that yon can see how it sinks In the original
rock or the bill. Its depth cannot be ascer
tained anywhere. More tban four-fifths of
tbe lara Is on its Eastern side, as it followed
the declivity of the hill-slope to fill the
trough of the valley, w here it assumed a gen
era! downward course. It Is from tbe entire
lecsth of this fissure that that the lava bas
welled np simultaneously. The waves of
lava for some distance from It are all parallel
to its course, wblle In tbe middle or tl e
stream they stand at a right angle to IU Tbe
edges are somewhat raised above the remaln-
I acroi ine stream, ana scoria covers it in
most parts, torniingqulte heavy layers where
tbe stream bas blowholes. Isolated flakes or
brittle lava, resembling cow dung, probably
blown out at tbe end or the eruption with
fitful spouting of steam and gas, are seen all
alODg its coarse. Nearing tbe upper end of
the valler. w here I exDected to find the end
or the fissure, I was surprised at the sudden
appearance or a Teritable cataract or lava
coming down tbe precipitous side or the
eastern hill, a height ot at least oUU reeU
Havlnir ascended It with considerable toil I
found myself agaiq alongside tbe big crevasse
wbich in passing across the valley bad de
flected from Its former course to a nearly
x uireciioo, ueaaing airect tor tne snm
mit or Mauna Loa.
From here onward, the Incline Increasing
cousiucraoiy, tue lava commencea io se
very rnggea and broken. As here it bad
passed over and destroyed a dense forest,
a number or grotesque shapes met tbe eye.
Wherever the. lava bad met a tree ot some
size. It had surroundedt with a perfect
monld wbich either still held the smoulder
ing remains of tbe Irnntor exhibited hol
low cylinders beurinir on the Inside the
markings or tbe bark or the tree. The leaf
stalk even or rent trees were almost perfect.
A tew of tbe moulds contained still, entire
trunks with the nnconsumed branches. In
the bifurcations or these heavy masses or
uva naa accumniatea banging down in
many points like so many stalactites. When
ever there was a fern stamp standing upright
It bore a cap of lava :i indications prove
that the liquid mass bad torn upwards,
with the violent pressure of steam and gas.
As I said before, this part or tbe flow was
lined by a dense forest. From this point it
became apparent that tbe gap in the forest
bad closed in, and from an eminence along
side tbe fissure I could see that the lara
stream contracted at some distance beyond
to the apex or an Isocoles triangle. This
part of tbe crevasse which ran straight np to
the aoex was continuous, wider tban below.
and emitted In great profusion sulphurous
and other acid gases. Its border, wbich was
of the color or red brick, cummeuced to be
covered with tbe etfioresceute or salts and
sutpbur, and In places they assumed al
together the appearance- or sulphur banks.
The beat or tbe lava increased so as to be
unbearable in some places. Ashes and scoria
covered every hollow In tbe floor, and tbe
edre oi me wooos tor some distance.
ilatlnr arrived at tbe apex or tbe trianzle.
I found that tbe crevasse, over which tbe
trees almost ciosea irom bom sides, still ex
tended a few hundred yards bizher np in tbe
woods, indicated by a continuous line of
wbiteandyellowsmoke. Tbeeboklnr nature
of the latter forbade my marching along tbe
edge or tbe fissure, while tbe impenetrable
thicket, with tbe ground tbickly covered by
ashes, proved ac effectual bar to siy farther
progress. In fact, while hurrying out of an
overpowering cloud of the smoke, I got one
leg caught in a lateral fissure hidden under
the ashes, where ft received such lively Im
pression of be.t that I made quick time to
retire from that neighborhood Jnst then I
heard a deep .hollow, rumbling, prolonged
sound, while the air and earth remained per
fectly etllL Subsequently I learned that It
had been caused by tbe rolling down of large
masses of pumice stone from the hill to tbe
lower lava stream, but at tbe thni: being fear
fnl of another catastrophe. I hurried back as
fast as drenmstance would permit, and felt
a great relief In rejoining my friends who
had remained behind, at tbe lower part ot
tbe stream. From tbe height abore the eats-,
net I saw two other lines of smoke rnnning
throogii tbe woods, taking their orizin from
tbe lara rafler below, indicatini: two other
fissures. Thus it appear that at tbe head of !
tbe valiey me main assure aiviaeti intu into
three parts: the first, and largest, running
northeast ; the middle one almost dne north,
and the third about north-northwest. Tbe
two latter did not seem to have thrown off
ranch lava, if any, for there appeared no gap
te tbe woods along their conries.
A few general remark and important de
ductions from the facta related, want of time
prevent me frcst communicating to yon at
present. I reserve them for next weekr.
Wm. Hnimmm
Honolulu, May 4, Ufa.
P. S. Mora. Beranger ha taken fine
sketches-of all tbe Important localities v li
fted by ns, wbich will aid greatly the. proper
understanding of the hasty description given
by me.
All doubts u to the safety of Dr. Living
stone are dispelled. Eh-Roderick Murchlson
to-day received a letter from tbe distinguish
ed traveller, which came via Zanzibar. Dr.
Livingstone write that he it te good health.
His jonrney of explorations iii been lueceas
fuJ, and he wiH soon return to England.
i'Kci:i;in.AfiN
OT tllS
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY-
198.
TnUTttxvii Day, Satcday. May 1.
lions met tt 10 A. M. II. II. M. Ksiua
naoa In th chair.
rrayer by th Chaplain, th minutes of
preceding dy nd adopted.
rnmios. Ml. Hllensnu presented a pe
tition frvm IUntkua praying that M.tMM be
appropriMsd for a ro4 from Wkimea to Ho
nomslioo, and that $1400 b appropriated
for improvement or landing and baoyt. Re
ferred to Committee on Commsre.
Mr. Keliipio presented petition from the
mall carrier of llcnolulu, that he may be paid
th rest of his lry. lUfsrrsd to Flnanc
Commillto,
II. 11. M. Kekasjiaoa presented a petition
from th oeeupant of tho Leper Asylum
t Kallhl. praying that they may not be eon
fined, while others with th disease are allowed
to go. free. Referred to Sanitary Comraille.
Mr.'t'p offered a petition from Fauoa,
preying that Fort street may bo xteoded to
the Tsllty. Referred to Committee on Inter
nal Improvement.
Rtroava or Conmrtats. Committee on
Finance reported favorably on the petition of
Iokeit asking for a return or Hi SO, a fine
that he had paid, and th decision of the
Court was afterwards reversed. Report ap
proved. Committee reported on th petition on pro
perty tax, that it should b tabled. Approved.
Committee on Commerc reported on th
" Act to provide for th Protection of Life
and Property," that tbey hl condensed T
era section into on. Report approved.
RtsoLtmoss. Mr. Up moved that $500
b appropriated for a light hout at llilo. Re
ferred to Committee oa Internal Improvement.
Mr. Kaliipio moved that the Committee on
Accounts be instructed to draw upon tb
Treasury for $50 and miletge to each of the
Representatives and officers of th Assembly.
Carried.
Mr. Koskaon moved that th Nobles bo
paid the sams as Representatives, for atten
dance at the Legislature.
On motion of Mr. Kaliipio the motion was
Indefinitely postponed.
Mr. Wilder cava notice of a bill to amend
Art. 15 of tbo Constitution, In relation to the
ilttine toeether of the two Houses.
Mr. Lyons offered a resolution to the effect
that the items or the expense oi in uovern
ment Press for tho last two years bo presented
to tbe House, as a question had arisen in re
gard to the disposition or the 11,000 appro
priated t the last session. Passed.
Mr. Kumaboa moved that JSOO be appro
priated for the erection of a Court Uous at
Funs, Hawaii. Tabled.
Mr. Martin moved that alist or th recipients
of His Majesty's bounty at Hawaii be printed
in tho native papers of Honolulu.
His Ex. C. de Varigny objected, on the
ground that it would bo an unkindness to tho
people or Hawaii.
Mr. Martin said that his reason for bringing
forward the motion was, that some had re
ceived aid who were not in need of it, and
others who were much distressed had been
passed over.
His Ex. C. de Yarigny said that inch a
ease was impossible, for every where that aid
was granted there was a large crowd present,
and if any one had tried to defraud Ills M&
iestr h would bar been at ones reported
from soma one in the crowd. He then moved
a Special Committee for examination.
Committee W. T. Martin, J. Up, A
iloDu, J. W. Kumaboa, C. de Varigey.
Un motion or uor. iiominis tna rules were
suspended and tha bill to transfer tha juris
diction of the Police Officers to th Attorney
General was returned from tha Special Com
mittee.
His Ex. S. H. Fhillips moved to substitute
tha word " Governors" for " Marshall," in
the 3d Section, which was accepted, and the
bill ordered for enrrossmeut.
Mr. Jones moved that the sum f $5000 be
aopropriated for the roads or Lahaina. Tablet!
Also that $500 be used to build a Court
House and Jail on Lanal. Tabled.
Also that $200 be appropriated for a mail
carrier between Lahaina and Lanai. Tabled.
Mr. Nakila moved that-$5000 be appropriat
ed for a Court House at Makawao. Tabled.
Mr. Mahclona gave notice of a bill to
amend Sec. 1477 of tha Civil Code ; also, an
Aet to enable the Tax Collector to exempt
tick persons from taxation ; also to authorise
areata of the Crown Lands to sell the same ;
also an Aet authorising the Minister of Inte
rior to crant land patents to those wbo have
them not; an Act authorising the building of
Court Houses ; also that one third or tbe pub
lie lands be given to the common people;
also to provide salaries for the " alii' ' having
no Government office.
His Ex. F. W. Hutchison introduced a bill
to amend See. 999, Civil Code, passed to
second reading.
Also an Act prohibiting bathing in the
Nuoanu stream above tha resorveir.
Mr. Judd moved to rejeet the bill, which
was lost and the bill passed to seeond reading.
Mr. Nahakn gave notice of a bill to amend
53 and 57 of the Civil Code.
On motion the order of th day was taken
up-
Uansa or the Dir. an aci to amend
Sees. 122, -123, 423, Civd Code, was read and
passed third reading.
An Aet to enlarge the jurisdiction of tha
Supreme Court, was read and passed third
reading.
House went into Comraittee or the Whole
for the consideration or Appropriation JJiiL
b. 11. Uoyd in tb chair.
For expenses of the Legislature, $15,000.
Passed.
For expenses of tha Privy Council, $900.
Passed. ,
On motion of Mr. Keawehanahala the action
of the House is rerard to the appropriation
for His Majesty was taken up for reeonstdera.
tion.
Mr. Kalakaua thought that tbe motion was
out of order, as tbe report of tha Committee
was approved yesterday.
Mr. Rhodes thought that the Committee
should sk permission of the House for re
consideration. The Committee arose and the Hods ap
proved tha report. House immediately went
ioto Committt of tha Whole.' Mr. fioyd in
tha chair.
Tha appropriation for Hit Majesty was
then discussed.
Mr. Keawehanahala morel that tbe appro
priation be fixed at $10,000. Ha thought
thrt the additional $5,000 woald not b felt
by the people, bat woald be of considerable
advantage to the King.
Mr. Koakanu thought that Mr. Keawebn
nahala was a regular "boopilimeaai." Amend
ment lost.
On motion tba Committee arose and tbe
report was adopted. House adjourned.
Foceteextb Dat, Moxdat. May 4th.
Assembly met at 10 A. M. II. U. 31. Ke
kaaaaoa in tbe chair.
Prayer by tba Chaplain. Tha minute of
tha preceding day were read.
Mr. Nakila stated that in regard to th mat
ter for an appropriation for a Conn House at
Makawao, he said $500 instead of $5,000.
As amended tha minutes were approved.
Petttioss. Mr. Ualemaaa presented a pe
tition from Hamakua, praying for an appro
priation of $o00 for buoys, etc., at Honokaa.
Kefcrred to Committee -ra Commerce.
Mr. Martin presented a petition from Kaa,
praying for n trpropriation fr a eoort house
and lockup at Waiohinu.
Rcroars or Committees. Judiciary Com
mittee reported en the eas or tha Honolulu
election. ' Tha charges embodied in the peti
tion, were not substantiated, and that any
wren; proeeediag as Hedged on the day or
election did not materially affect tbe resalL
Tbey suggested that tbe petition be tabled.
Report accepted aad approved.
Committee on Commerce reported on th
hill concerning Interest on money, favoring
tb redaction of the rl to per cefct. Re
port approved.
Hesoi-CTlosl. Mr. Wood offered a resolu
tion that the Sergesnt-at-Arms provide ear.
riage for the members for inspecting the
dovernmeot buHdings.
Mr. Hitebcoek amended to provide only for
the Committee oa Internal Improvements.
Hi Ex. C, d Varigsy amended to hare
earns res for the Committees only.
Mr. Hitebcoek accepted th sooendiBest.
Mr. Mahclona amended that th Committees
on Internal Improvements, Military, Printing,
Sanitary, Fiaanc, and tbe Judiciary Com
Dittee be provided with carriage at 12 M.
to-tsorrow.
Mr. Kalakaaa moved io table the whole
matter. Lost.
The resolution as amended passed.
Th following .resolution was Introduced by
Ills Ex. S.H.l'htlHMt
Resolved, That th Committee oa dot
mere, te.i ha Instructed to consider th tx
pedleney of granting subsidies to any eoatpany
now, r hereafter U b laeorpo rated, for Ut
purpose of Inter-lslsnJ aavlgation j and also
to lb Ha of ocean steaaser plying between
Honolulu and San Francisco ) that said Co
mitle be (attracted to give a bearing to all
parties l&Urested. and to make report npott
these several subject, by bill or otherwise-:
aad that said Committee be farther Instructed
to consider anl report upon tb moat xpedi
eat. mod of raising funds to provM for any
proposed subsidy.
Ill Ex. S. It. rhiilipa thougM that th
subject of a subsidy to a lino of steamer be
tween this country and foreign port wa
imporUbt, and should b earefally considered,
and nil the interests of various corporation
la the country should b welt considered,
therefore he thoorht that th subject should
b carefully examined by th Committee on
Commerce. It Is conceded by all that steam
navigation il always conducive Io th pros
perity of a country, now is it best t subsidise
a line between Honolulu and Sau FraseiseoT
This question could only be answered by a
careful examination.
After a short discussion, th matter was
referred to the Committee on Ccmnwre.
Mr. Martin lattodoeod a bill to amend See
tion 876, of the Civil Code. Bill pasesd to
Seeond reading.
Also, a bill to amend Section 527 of th
Civil Coda, in reference to port of entry.
On motion or .Mr. Judd, th bill we rejected.
Ills Ex. F. W. Hutchison presented certain
Items oi th printing expense or Interior De
partment. Mr. Lyon moved that a 8peetal Committee
ba appointed to tnvestigat th Government
printing expenditures of th last two year.
Carried.
Committee. lions. CJ. Lyons. E. Jcs,
E. II. Royd, D. Kaukaha, F. r. Hutchison.
Mr. Keawehunakala gars nolle of a bill.to
regulate the qualifications of elretcr,; also,
to empower tha Governor of Oahu to ac
knowledge conveyances.
Mr. Kaukaha moved a reeoiation that $SC0
ba appropriated for a court house and all at
Haaslei, Kauai. Tabled.
Mr. Kulbelani moved a resolution that $5000
be appropriated for a Government road on
Maul ; also, he gave notice or a hill to ropen
tbe office ot the Land Commission ; also, af a
bill to amend Section 527 of tbe Civil Code.
Mr. Kalu gave notice or a bill to amend the
Civil Code.
On motion tb order or the day waj taken sp.
Okder or Tna Dat. A bill to transfer th
supervision or tha police, etc., to th Attorney
General, was read, and on motion or Mr.
Knudsen wss transferred to a Special Com
mittee. Committee Hons. V. Knudsen, 3. 0. Dom
Inis. S. II. Phillips, 11. H. Hitchcock.
An Aet to amend Section 15 of aa Aet
entitled an Act for tha vending of wines,
liquors, etc., was lead second time, and on
motion of His Ex. S. II. I'hillip was referred
to the Judiciary Committee.
A bill to admit copper, Ac, duty free, for
sheathing vessels nnuer the Hawaiian flag,
was read a second time.
On motion of His Ex. C. da Yarigny, it wa
referred to the Committee of Commerce,
A bill for the protection of life and property
against explosive substances other than gun
powder, was considered by Commlti of th
Whole, Mr. Jones In the chair.
Tha sections with tbe amendments wire
read and passed. Committee rose, !i report
was approved, and tba bill ordered to en
grossment. An Act to amend Chap. 35, Sees. 14$) aad
1431, of the Civil Code, was ordered to en
grossment. Motion reconsidered, and th lions went
Into Committee of th Wholo. Mr. Wilder
called to tbe chair.
Act svi read. In Sec. 1st Mr. Eishcp
amended to strike out tbe word 8 and Insert
10, making 10 per cent, tba legal rat of in
terest for money in this kingdom.
Mr. Lyons thought that 9 per cent, was a
fair rata of interest in this country, therefore
be moved that amendment, but ho would sup
port S per cent. Id preference to 10 per eent.
Ue then adverted at considerable length to
the agricultural and commercial interests of
the country, and In a powerful argument
proved that the rata of interest should !
made as small as possible forth best Interest
of all the industrial pursuits of tb country.
His Ex. S. II. Phillips said that he was sot
thoroughly acquainted with the stale of the
country, but bis attention was called to this
subject by a gentleman Of intelligence is this
city, therefor he introduced tha bill.
Mr. Bishop's amendment wa lost,
Mr. Lyons' amendment was carried, the
lection .u amended, mad 9 per cent, th legal
rate.
Tbe bill aa a whole pasted seeond reading.
Committee rose, report approved, and tba
bill was ordered to engrossment.
A bill to prohibit bathing In tbe Nusana
stream was read.
On motion of Mr. Jndd, the bill was referred
to a Special Committee.
Committee. Hons. C. II. Jndd. W. P.
Wool, J. W. Makalena, F. W. Hutchison,
D. Kalakaua.
Hons adjourned.
FAMILY DRUG 8T0EE.
J. ?I. SMITH ic CO.,
HATE RECEIVED PER LATE ARRIV
als, a New Assortment of Dregs aad
Medicine.
Sands' Sarsaparilla. Townsend's do..
Ayers' do. , Uristol'is do., EbOktrs da..
Root do., Ayeri' Cherry Pectoral,
Balsam for tbe Lungs, Balsam of Wild
Cherry, Hy pophospbites of Liue a Soda,
Compound Extract of Baehu, Capsules,
Thorn's Extract, Crossraaa Specific,
Pills and Ointments, of various kiads.
Liniments. Plasters. Pectoral Famlgttors,
Sponges, Hamburg Tea, Lily White,
Fumigating Pastils, Truwes,
J. R. Cook's Nipples, Nipple Shields,
Lnbin's and Pinaad's Extracts,
Toilet Articles, Lip Salle,
Indelible Pencils, a. Xvr In-rentlvn.
Hair Restorers and Dressing!,
Synngei, Leeches, etc. etc., etc
Drugs or ull liln&m.
Corner af Fort and lltui streets. 1 1-tf
BOLiLiES & CO.,
HAVE RECEIVED
PEE LATE AREIYALS.
Per Idaho our Esual supply of
Flour in half aad Quarter lacks.
Also, per D C Murray,
California Lame and
A larze assortment ef
Patau and PsJnt Oil
Manila Cnrdage assorted
Buesffrom I la in
Per Wrihelm,
Habbard's Patent Zlae Paint
Best Boiled Eng Paint Oil
Paint Breshee,
ll-Zm Whitewash do.et.
If. TK I'.il I'EK,
Piano Maker & Tuner,
OFFKKS HIS SEKTICKS
fIttt!
for Repairing and Tanior Pianos,
having the best of Strfagi aad
Material on hand.
ftatIfaciIeH Gaaraatfeett.
Orders left at tbe Family Drag Store, Cor
ner of Fort and Hotel Street, will meet with
lmmediat sttcatitn. J 2-3 in
California Lime.
WE" KEEP A FULL STOCK OS THIS
article, aad arereeeiriaj; fresh supplies
hy every pseketfor tal at toe lowest pries at
il-in EOLLES A CO.
Jl'ST JtKCKlYK,
Arrol's CcitbrstMi Pic Mi;
In pints, far tale Vy -Il-Zas
H. HACKFKLB St Co.

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