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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, July 29, 1868, Image 2

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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE.
J. HQTT SMITH.
Director of tha Government Press.
nOXOLULTJ:
WKDXKSDAY, JULV 29. 'lSGS.
BY AUTHORITY.
It has pleased His Majesty the King to ap
point James W. Austin Esq.. to be the Second
Associate Judge of the Supreme Court, Tie
Hon. Robert G. TJavis. reigned.
lolaai Flc, July 11. 15S-
Notice is hereby siren. that Dr. David J.
Loo has this day been appointed Medical Of
ficer to tbe Board of Health.
Feu. W. UcTCSlSOX.
President.
03c of tke Board cf Health. July H. 1S68.
Notice Is hereby siren, that The. Brown,
Registrar of Conveyances, has this day been
appointed Keeper of the Public Stamp, under
the Act of the Legislature, approred May 13,
1S8S. Ftao. W. Hctchisov.
Minister ef Interior.
Hem OSce, Jolj St, 1S.
The Hoc. Col. P. Kalakaua. is appointed
Actiur Governor f Oahn, daring zsy tempo
rary absence. J so. O. Itoxuis.
Bowtala. July t", 156&. Governor of Oahn.
Tinder the provisions of the Act approred
Jan 23d, Ic6i, I nave tnis ay appointed
Dartd Vayton to be-Deputv Jlarsnal.
. W. C. Paiucr,
Marihsl of the Baniiaa Islaada.
HcnolaJtt, July SS, 156S.
Notice Is herebr riven that His Excellency
E. M. MeCook. has resumed his datics as Min
ister Resident of the United States in this
Kiagdon. C. se VARIGSY
Foreign Ofiee. July 18, 1563.
It has pleased His Majesty the King to com
mission Hu Excellency C de angny as nis
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo
tentiary turope.
Daring the temporary absence of the Minis
ter of .Foreign AEairs, tne Attorney oeneral
will attend to the daties of the Foreign De
partment.
The Minister of the Interior wO act as Mia
iitcr of Finance until the retnm of His Excel
lency C. C. Harris.
lolani Palace. July IS. 1S&3.
In pursuance of the Act of the Legislature,
approved Jane 22. 1S6S, the folk) win; gentle
men hare been appointed Inspectors of Stal
lions wr the sereru districts named.
os.Br.
Honolulu ." -J. 0. Dominis
Ewa t'iriUn J. W. Makalena
Waialoa.,
,.W. C. Lane
Koolaapofco,
G. Baranaba
L. Screrance
Kooiauloa.
MoTo.
W. Meyer
E. Jones
Parker Make
Uarbottle
G. Miner
Lihue 1
Koloa .
.D. MeBryde
Waimea J
Hawaii.
North and South Kohala J. P. Parker
All Commission previously given are rcid
from this day.
Feed. W. Hctcbisos,
Minister of Interior.
llone OCce, July S, 15C8.
list of Tax Assessors for 1868.
OAIICl
Honolulu-
S. X. Castle
Ewa
Waialua
Koolanlosu
Koalas poko-
-S. W. Mahelona
J. W. Keawcbunahala
J. Amala
J. L. Naili
WACTl
D Kahaulelio I
Laha
Wailuku..
Tho. C. Forsyth
Makawao
..Thes. tT. Everett
Hana
C. K. Kakani
.J. A. Nahaku
Molokai and T.inai
lULIVAUr
Hflo
-F. S. Lyman
.J. TV. Kumahoa
JT. C. Haley
. G. Hoapui
C. i'. Hart
K. Kannamano
C. K. Hapai
ona Akan
H. J. Wana
G. JT. Wilcox
Kaiu
G. W. Lffikalani
J). Kankaha
J.H. Kaiia
By order of the Minister of Finance.
At the meeting of the Board of Health
last week, a resolution was passed to se
cure the services of a Physician, whose
special business it should be to travel about .
tbe islands under direction of tbe Board,
to visit the leper settlement, to attend the
sick, to gather information respecting tbe
4 sanitary -condition of tbe Hawaiian people,
and in a medical way to do such service as
opportunities and circumstances may call
for. One of the most argent questions of
the day is that relating to tbe sanitary con
dition or tbe nation and tbe consideration
of Qeastres which shall secure tbe bodily
beadtb aiad tbe preservation of tba rMopIe.
Xot only is tbe lack of popular knowledge
of lygieeic and curative processes suited
to xunplu disorders, a fruitful cause of dan
ger to health and life ; but so also is the I
scarcity of medical practitioners tbrocgh-
oogbt tie sparsely settled districts, to
whoa the people may apply when attack
ed with serious diseases- It would be an
excellent thing if a Physician could be
located ia every district throughout the
Utaads. and every inducement held out to
tka people, to avail themselves of his ser
vice,' so tbat-fc gratuitous and easy ac-
eam, they might learn to appreciate tbe
import vict of proper treatment when sick.
Tie BullipEcatioa of chances forappG-
etkw to properly educated medical men,
sad BKxeaful csres often accomplished,
wosis tise ea&snEJne that miserable
TseSef 'fa native Ka&unas and supersti-
tiaag mrrTTral practice, which, in the hands
. it atari tuny, is bow responsible far so
utttj BBeeessary deaths. Bat the re
IrQim of tbe government are notadequste
to Tnftmf ia every district competent
plijuiraiOT. aad the sparsely settled cosa
try twnt offer icdacementa to medcal
a to settle, with tbe hope of profitable
imiinn WTawtever is done, most aim at
I. flying tkSeteecies in an inexpensive
way. aaibeso fXetaSmted thtt all say
xari.
T.sTia'ns.r .
Wailuku .
Hana r T
PR,,
it...
South Koua J
North Koaa
South Kohala ...J
KAUAI i
r.-.i.:
Anaholo
Lihne . 5
Koloa
ir.
yiihau
The Sanitary Committee or the Assem
bly fully impressed with the importance of
the work committed to th caro of the
Boon!, not only commended its action, by
segregating the lepers to prevent the fur
ther spread or leprosy among the people,
but advised and recommended a large ap
propriation, so that the sanitary and cu ra
ti re measures deemed advisable for the
welfare of the people, might be successful
ly put into operation. To them it seemed
that a more extended gratuitous distribu
tion of medicines, and tbe employment of
competent medical men and agents to dis
pense the same, and the appointment of
physicians to pass through the districts at
stated periods, would be a beneficial and
advisable plan.
The locating of medicines at various
places for gratuitous distribution has been
practiced with excellent results for some
years past, and wherever suitable agents
could be found, or persocs have offered to
take this benevolent task upon themselves,
the Board has supplied them with the sim
pler drugs.' It has been suggested that
branch hospitals should be located on the
various Islands of the group, but this
scheme, which involves large outlay and
at present can hardly be undertaken, is in
a measure rendered unnecessary so long as
the Queen's Hospital remains unfilled to
its working capacity. The local dispensa
ries however, may be kept up, and their
usefulness will be much increased by ibo,
occasional visit of a travelling physician,
under control of the Board. Such an
officer, by stated visits to these various lo
calities, could not only see and prescribe
for the most serious cases of sickness, but
also give such information and direction
regarding the dispensing the medicines, as
will materially assist those who have them
in charge.
The timely and urgent advice of a phy
sician in recommending a removal to the
hospital at Honolulu, where he may find
on the other islands persons suffering un
der protracted complaints, must tend to
extend the benefits of that institution and
assist the efforts undertaken by the trus
tees to make it popular with all the Hawaiians-
Tbe present design of the Board,
to supplement their work by practicing
physicians, whose attention and services
shall be given to the Hawaiian people,
must meet.with public approbation and re
sult in great good.
We notice that Dr. Lee has been en
gaged by the Board, and will enter upon
his labors immediately. The field for use
fulness and beneficial service is ample, and
if faithfully worked, will, we think, prove
that the Board have taken a step in the
right direction.
Hawaiian Civilization.
California has just given tbe world an
other proof of her resources and vigor, bt
this time, mines and farming, railroads and
bulk-heads, are for the nonce forgotten,
and the youthful State bids boldly for a
high rank in periodical literature, and it
must "be conceded with very fair preten
tions, judging from the specimen now be
fore us. The Overland Monthly, is a neat
octavo of 104 pages, clearly printed, and
nP n,ac'1 'n "le st?'a 4 Atlantic
1 ne calibre oi tne articles snows most con
clusively that in spite of the whirl of bus
iness and the chase for wealth for which
the Gctden State is so pre-eminent, she
can boast of writers of a high order of tal
ent. Some of tbe articles in the present
the initiative number, will fairly compare
with the "solid pages of Eastern and Eu
ropean Monthlies, while tbe lighter read
ing is lively, terse, and if such a thing
can be in these days original in style
But we took np our pen to refer partic
ularly to one' article in tbe Oterland, about
which we have a right to speak that en
titled " Hawaiian Civilization. AVhen a
writer sits down to pen a story or a des
criptive sketch for publication to the world,
he depends upon his- imagination to em
bellish and render attractive the work of
bis brain ; but when one undertakes to ties-
,cribe the life and condition, past and pres
ent.of a uation,somethingmore than imag
nation, or vague reports of what "they say"
sailor's yarns and Munchausen tales is
necessary in order to state the truth and
escape tbe implication of being a libeller of
a whole people. The article in question,
while containing some grains of truth in a
bushel of chaff untruths and amplifica
tions of unfavorable facts is on the whole,
a. special plx against the Hawaiian peo
ple, and is evidently tbe production of a
biased mind.
The writer's first sentence states as a
fact that which is well known to be untrue
The people of the Hawaiian Islands used
to eat each other," and starting from this
assumption of factrhe proceeds to give the
reins to bis imagination, as he himself con
fesses, and paints a horrid picture of the
former life and character of tbe Hawaiian
people. Nothing is too vile, debased or
cruel to be attributed to then. Some re
finements of savage barbarity which were
ence practiced in cannibal Feejee, are bud
at our doors, the writer apparently filling
into tbe error that all the inhabitants of
tbe Pacific Islands, from Hawaii to Xew
Zealand, were alike in their habits and
customs- "Tbey were," says he, "a nation
having none bat brutal ideas,' and then be
goes on to say that it is not strange that
in their language is no expression or elas
ticity. His qaaSSeatioes, to speak advis
edly on tbe litter point, cay be estimated
rota tbe fact that, aside fron tbe above
E6torioEly iscorrect statement, he repeat
edly speaks of tbe "Kanaka language,"
when reJerrisg tatbe Hawaiian an ex
preseioa wiueb BtaaKy tign&ea "tfeelaa-
Tifct tbe Hawaii people at the time
of Cet, aad previses", were ttarocgit
barbarians, Is unquestionable, but that,
taking into consideration all the different
circumstances of climate, position and race,
tbey were any worse savages than the an
cient Britons, may fairly be doubted. And
it may further be questioned, whether, in
less than fifty years after the introduction
of Christianity among the semi-oviliied
hordes of Europe, tbe masses bad ruado
such decided advances in a knowledge of
the true religion and in civilization and
enlightenment, as the Hawaiians have un
deniably done in the same period of time.
As to the charge of cannibalism, it is
perhaps sufficient to say that there has
never been found one word of tradition
or a single allusion in any of the ancient
metes, or historical songs, or the existence,
at any period, of this practice among the
Hawaiians. When questioned by Cook
and other early voyagers upon this sub
ject, they promptly denied that it had
ever been known among them, and with
expressions of undisguised horror at the
bare idea. The epithet of cannibal,''
appears to be a sweet morsel to roll under
the tongues of some California writers
when applied to us of Hawaii neL
In the opening article of the Ocerlanii,
entitled "A Breeze from the Woods," a
very readable sketch of a trip to the sea
side, the writer lets bis imagination take
wings in the following stylo, while looking
over tbe ocean in our direction: "The
palms lift up their 'fronded heads just
over there, and the cocoanut drops down
as from an. opening heaven more is the
shame that those frowsy, low-browed can-1
nibals are not content therewith, but so
affect the rib of a white man, and that too,
in a tropical climate l" This is certainly
very reckless style of writing. True, ;i
can do us no harm with the many wio
know us and our history, but there are
manv more in other countries who will
readily believe these "old wives' tales."
But we have not space to devote to
lengthy review of" Hawaiian Civilization.'
After industriously abusing tbe King, the
government, the people and the miss.ona
aries, in all of whose coats the writer picks
some grievous holes after having "dinned
with funt praise.' he winds up his singa
Iar melange of distorted facts by deboun
cing tne proposed reciprocity treaty as
being likely to result to our exclusive ben
efit and to the loss of revenue of the
States, and advocating annexation as tho
only measure that can bring ns prosperity
and "insure a tendency to a complete civ
ilization of tbe native people V A very
Daniel come to judgment! The arguments
that are brought forward tn favor of annex
ation are singularly put, to say tbe least.
and with very little regard for our amour
prqpre, but howeverjundisguisedly display
ing an extreme disposition of selfishness,
with a corresponding disregard of the rights
of others.
On the whole, but one conclusion can
be arrived at on the perusal of of the arti
cle nnder review it is the production of
an extremely biased mind.
I'orcili Kelntions of JTapnn.
These were from the beginning forced and
unwelcome to the rulers ol that country.
To tbe merchants and tradespeople In all
the open ports, they have generally been
sources of profit. To the laborers, but a
small advantage has accrued, considering the
higher prices of food since foreign commerce
has been opened up with Japan. To the agri
culturists, foreign intercourse has been no
benefit. True, vastly more silk and tea are
raised than formerly, but the producers of
these articles justly complain, that though
the prices are more than double the com
mercial rates prevailing ten Tears since, yet
they receive no higher price for what
raised, and IU production costs them much
more. Speculators in specific articles have
generally benefited by commerce. Bnt the
class who have received most profit from the
"opening up of Japan, even in tbe restricted
manner of to-day, are the class most averse
to a more liberal intercourse. Even though
they have, by a system of tolls on internal
carriage, and export duties on articles ship
ped, besides specific taxes thereon, and nu
merous other ways of extortion, made com
merce a source of immense revenue, yet they
have, from their selfish stand-point, good
grounds to wish the "Tojans" had never
come, and that, If possible, they could all be
driven out of the country. They are jealous
of the increasing influence of modem Ideas
of government upon the people at large.
They look upon every advance of foreign
trade In their country with the eusplcioa a
feudal lord of the thirteenth century would
have "held the advances of friendship and
comity shown his Seta and serfs by a neigh
boring Prince. Besidea, they, perhaps Justly,
assert that foreign intercourse in their ports
has been tbe cause of far more outlay for de
fensive and aggressive weapons of war, than
they have retired from peaceful commerce.
If the income of tbe Tukngawa family has
been greatly Increased, (for they are the only
Dalmloa, including the Tycoon, who have
benefited by foreign commerce bringing
its treasures to their ports), their outlay has
been immense: twenty vessels of war, with
innumerable quantities of small arms and
ammunition, Resides five large and costly
stone torts at Kauagawa and Yedo; millions
spent for furnaces, foundries and docks; farts
and custom-houses in other ports than those
named; with immense sums paid In the way
of damages done foreigners; ail these soma,
it is more than probable, do far exceed the
receipts from foreign commerce. I am giv
ing my readers the Japanese Government
view of the case. Now, add to the bill, all
the relation and trouble cf a new bureau of
government, which these foreign relations
have brought about; the disturbance of the
old relations of society; the light posting in
upon the mines of thinking Japanese as to
the natural rights of an men in life, liberty,
and the pursuit of happiness, as well as tbe
attainment of property, with the rightful
claim that Government shall protect it, and
them, in its possession aad sse. That Gov
ernment, too, is not Ignorant of the tesdescy
of European ervflizatJoa to overthrow and
destroy all other Inferior ores. It baa sees
what It has done in Ataesisu, jwbere K met
with barbarism ; wlat it has daead is dd
Izg, In India, wLere it set tbe Tsry lilghfif i
type of Asiatic civilization and refinement;
what, too. In China, where It Is actually
melting- away that Empire as wax melt be
fore the consuming flame 1 This, the rulers
of Japan, whether of the former Tycoon's
party, or that of tbe newly established Em
peror, plainly ice. TUey Judgej perhaps
rightly, that Japan must Inevltably-sharu the
same fate for having opened her ports to
foreign intercourse. The ruling powers there
either do not, or will not, see the remedy
for the evils of such relations, nor bow to
reap the great advantage of them, as Japan
might Indeed do, were not "her Prince
children!"
During the long months lbat we watched
the progress of the revolution, throwing
down one power, and establishing an older
one, there came to tbo heart of the Christian
philanthropist an occasional gleam of hope
that the Mlcado's Government saw the right
path, and were about to step In it, and per
haps continue there. Bnt how evanescent
such hope, when wo reflected who were the
councillors and advisers of this straggling
Government, so far as it received any advice
from foreign Ambassadors- Not a statesman
Is there among them; not a philanthropist;
not one who can comprehend the cause or
end of the most remarkable revolution of
the age. N'o, not one among the foreign
Ambassadors, who so tar has tho confidence
of either the falling or rising Government, a"
to give a valuable suggestion of national
policy if. Indeed, any of them were capable
of doing such a statesmanlike thing! It is a
contradiction of facts, to harp upon the say.
Ing that they bad received Instructions from
their home Government to remain neutral,
and even If they offered advice, the Japanese
would not receive 1L They w ere all ready
enough to "meddle" when meddling would
undermine their neighbor's interest, and ad
vance schemes they bad on hand, but a de
termined stand taken In national polity, for
the good of the Japanese, was a thing not to
be thought oft Pardon this digression: I
was only regretting 'what might have
been," If the foreign representative In Japan
had not been children as well as her own
Princes.
Tbe foreign policy Is as ruinous to the best
Interests of all classes of people In that land
as Is their own Internal government, because
both are based upon what are considered the
present interests of tbe ruling class. Tbe
Tycoon permitted no ports to be opened to
foreign commerce out of his own territories.
The consequence was, he had moie expense
to incur than profit, in supplying the neces
sary conveniences and protection for com
merce, besides all the jealousy of opposing
Dalmtos, who were prevented from sharing
the supposed profits of foreign traffic. We
see bnt little hope of there being any Im
provement In tho administration of either
department of tbe Japanese Government.
From henceforth the relations of Internal
affairs and foreign intercourse mnst be much
closer than ever; indeed, the permanency of
the former depends upon the right manage
ment of the latter.
All of a sndden, tho Japanese have become
a migratory people. By the hundreds and
thousands they are fleeing from one port to
another, to escape tho consequences of an
impending war. The retainers of the-Tuku-gawa
family fled, by sea principally, from
Tedo and its vicinity, to their own provinces
north ayd south of that capital; and the re
tainers of Satsnma, Chosu, and Toza, came
from all quarters to Yedo, in war steamers,
in chartered vessels, and in their own junks.
Thus, the masses are becoming accustomed
to ocean travel: what Is to binder their go
ing away from " the land of the rising sun,"
if they fail to find peace and safety in it ? It
Is not a new thing for several wealthy Jap
anese to charter a vessel in the harbor of
Yokohama, at the cost of several thousands
of dollars, to take them and their goods,
families and friends to a distant sea-coast
town, and on their arrival, finding it as un
settled as the locality they left, to pay the
same sum for th same vessel to bring them
back to their fcrmcr home. The Japanese
are becoming travelers. Tbe country, too,
is becoming more and more unsettled from
Its centre to its coast. The poor are becom
ing poorer, and the rich more and more op
pressed by the ruling class : what Is to hin
der, we again ask, a mighty exodus from
taking place there suddenly! It Is surely
coming; for the mercantile class are begin
ning to feel that it matters little to them
which party governs they are oppressed by
both and the agriculturists are fully aware
that their last stack of paddy ia liable to be
plundered by either army, while they are left
to beg or starve. Hence It was that before
the &ioftIeft, there were 600 applicants sur
rounding the writer, on the street of "Curio-
town," clamorii to get passes to go to
Hawaii, and bad not the new Government
prevented it, there might have been a thous
and laborers brought as readily as one. There
are tbonsands now anxious to come.
'And why did they prevent It !' my read
ers ask. I answer, knowingly, simply be
cause the Foreign Ministers, (I will except
the French, not knowing what stand he
took, but all the rest), intimated and snj
gested to the Governors of Yokohama that
there were undeveloped resources sutSdent
to keep all the laboring population In Japan
employed at hoce; that there was no neces-
Cty to permit them to go to the Hawaiian
Islands, that far-enViifaioioi country. This,
and like twaddle, was a specimen of their
neutrality ! ) in the afialrs of Japan, as well
as a token of their statesmanship in direct
ing that troubled nation.
There are undeveloped resources in Japan
which might employ all her people, but there
Is neither -knowledge how, nor willingness
to attempt their development at present.
And this the Grind-dames of Ambassador
must certainly see; but tbey are all anxious
to.have a np ofUatt the expense of Japan,
and being s tny tdtet Ua-party, they are
watching that tea-kattle boll, and just when
it is at the point to boD over, leat Hawaii
get a scifi of its fragrance, tbey dap on the
fid I Tbey had better remember the pot U
old, d that "the tempest within" may
break Ik, and they lose their labor and tea,
bczideagetting their fingers burned. They
bad better let this "unknown" young dam
sel, Hawaii, attend to the preparation of it,
seeing the can snjar it ta IXtir l&i&g, and add
the richest cream besides. The Japanese
would see the point of raj hoaely parable.
If it were only translated, if my readers do
not.
But to be more serious. Tbe oner of Ha
waii to receive a portion of the present sur
plus population of Japan, was hailed as a
rod-send by the Tycoon's GoTerament, and
wosidbe(a it Is,), by an thinking, leUUl-
gest Japeseae. Use present Governor of
Kinigaws said - "Give ns the guarantee of
another GoternmeEt that Hawaii win keep
her part of the contract with these people,
and you may have all you want." It TO
one of tbo old fogte Mcsdarae who In
structed the local Government to demand such
an unheard-of guarantee. Let Hawaii nrgo
her own treaty relations with Japan, and her
position as neighbor, her necessity of friendly
Intercourse, and her lack of conflicting In
.terest will make tbem firm friends and al
lies, and Inaugurate an International policy
which will better both nations. D. J, L.
lilu.
A few hours before the sailing of the
steamer Jtotana last Wednesday, fire was
discovered to hare broken out among some
bales of puln, which were stowed In tho
fore hold of the ship. Tbo pulu, or which
there were two hundred and sixty-two bales
to be shipped, was being put on board, when
the hands stopped work for breakfast, at
which tlmo though the hatch waa off, there
was no signs of fire, but on " turning to"
again, smoke was seen rising from the hatch,
and found to proceed from three bales which
were on the upper tier of the cargo. Tba
danger was soon overcome, without damage
beyond a few pounds of puln, burnt In the
bales where the fire originated.
Although very certain, that no Are re
mained after the three bales had been put off
the ship, yet the uncertainty as to how tho
Ore originated, and the feeling or Insecurity
with keeping on board any cargo, in which
fire had been discovered, with the unpleasant
apprehension which must be excited among
the many passengers engaged for the voyage,
by the ship leaving so shortly after the
accident with any pulu still remaining on
board, determined CapL Connor to put
ashore, what was already stowed down, and
leave the whole shipment behind. By the
order of tho American Consul, Capts. Meek,
Robinson and D. Foster, were requested
to survey the cargo, and to report the
damage done, and also tbelr opinion on tbe
cause of the Are and the advlslblllty of the
steamer proceeding to sea, with any pnlu on
board. Without being able satisfactorily to
themselves, to account for the origin of the
Are, but naming the only two probable
means, that of a spark from without, or
beat Irom within, they sustained CapL Con
nor's opinion, that under the circumstances,
the refusal to take any pulu, on the present
voyage was Justifiable and proper. Had tbe
ship a day or two longer, before proceeding
to sea, so that the pnlu could be watched,
and everybody could bave been made cer
tain, that no possible danger existed, tbey
would have advised the shipment as perfect
ly safe.
The. shippers, although damaged by the
disappointment, acquiesced in tho decision
as correct, and find no fault, that for the
sake of tho passengers and that of the Cap
tain not to assume responsibility for possible
accident, their puln must remain over for
future transportation.
The accident has given rise to some discus
sion as to the liability of baled pulu, to Ignite
from its own heat. There Is no end to the
possibilities which may happen, if we give
our fancy scope when searching for causes.
We may And spontaneous combustion, a
plausible reason, if other causes are not
apparent, not only for the burning of a bale
of dry pulu, but the body of a toper. That
the pulu on board the Montana did not
ignite from itself, we infer from the fact
that the burlaps were burned, a If the fire
originated from without instead of within,
only a very Uttle of the pulu was burned,
whereas if it had Ignited from Internal beat
the whole mass would bave been In combus
tion and the burlaps burned In many places.
The pnlu was In a dry and good commer
cial condition. An examination of other
bales, showed no heat existed in them. The
pulu has been returned to the storehouse,
and no further fire has shown Itself In it,
and bnt for the accident on the steamer
nobody would have conjectured that it was
liable to spontaneous combustion, no more
than so many piles of dry lumber.
Very moist pulu, has many times made
the voyage to Ban Francisco without excit
ing alarm from beating, many thousand
pounds of it in a wet condition, have been
stored in a packing house, and remained for
days, without overheating; in all its manipu
lation on these islands these fifteen years
past, and transportation across the ocean, it
has not suggested to those engaged in the
business, that It is liable to spontaneous
combustion, neither do we believe It is so
liable, nnder hardly any circumstances. It
would falsify to the past experience of years,
to give it now from a single accident, this
dangerous quality. TJiat it is combustible
and easily set on fire is very true, bnt as It
is shipped, well baled and covered with bur
laps, is not so dangerous as many goods that
get along under ordinary insurance rates,
and bave not excited the fears of cither
shipmasters or owners.
The accident may have happened from a
stray spark from some smoker, or stack
pipe. The bales lay at the leeward side of
the wharf, and from being some hours there
in the sun, were dry and sun heated, and the
probability that the fire was communicated
from without. Is ranch more convincing
than that It originated in the pulu Itself.
EiBTHQUixr Waves oi the Pacinc
The JhiUdin records the transmission of the
earthquake wave of April 2d to the Coast as
having taken place In five hours. This would
give a speed of 425 miles to the hour. The
height of tbe wave at Kan has been variously
estimated at from 25 to 40 feet,
An earthquake wave, which followed tbe
recent eruption In tbe Sandwich Islands, was
transmitted tnibia Coast and recorded on the
Government self-registering tide gauges at
San Diego, San Francisco and Astoria, In
about five hours. On tbe 23d of December,
1S34, a similar wave was transmitted from
-he coast of Japan to tbe Golden Gate in 13
hours and 38 minutes. It will be recollected
that this earthquake ware caused the wreck
of the Russian frigate Diana, in the port of
Simoda, and great loss of life.
-These facta, which are derived from the
bnt authority, convey a very impressive Idea
of the tremendous power required to disturb
tbe whole bodr of an ocean, for a dlstrnee of
2,000 to 5,000 miles, by a movement distinct
from Its ordinary tidal swing'. It will be
seen that the revulsion of tbe great tidal
wave at Hawaii reached this coast, distant
over 2,000 miles in five boars, and was ob
served along a stretch of abort over thirteen
geographical degrees in length.
Tax R. H. Stxxm Picket Cootaxt. We
observe by a notice of the Secretary of tbe
Royal Mall 8 team Packet Company, that
on and after the 2nd ultimo, the steamers of
the line will run from Southampton to As
pinwalL thas conveying passemrers through
without change, aad savior freiiht from the
damage of the extra, handling required to
have it transferred frota one ship to another.
It baa take tbe eoafenr a (rood while to
see teat this chesge aaoald be made, but we
as? be tbaakM tfeat they should be able to
see Haraw, however late in the day. It Is
tany Hate too, teas see en iKereoiOBiU sMea
reaa-iat; to Asytawaflbe: alaced tmaease lata
frequented route.
HENRY MAY,
GROCB
Provision Dealer,
AND
ITALIAN WAREHOUSEMAN,
T)EGS RESPECTFULLY to Inform
XJ the Inhabitants of tha Hawaiian Islands
that he has oponed th
Stono Storo on Tort Street,
WITH A LAUflK AND
Varied Assortment of Groceries
and hopes by strict personal attention to all
orders, aad by conducting the business on
principle that will secure and serve the public,
to meat with a liberal portion of their support.
Tbo IbUovvInsr cemprlHO tbe Hut
of Goods In Stocks
Westphalia Hams,
California ilams,
California Bacon,
California Cheese,
Clear Family Pork,
Pickled Salmon.
Fresh Lard In tins
Preserved Meats,
Roast Beef, in 3 lb tins,
Roast Mutton, in 2 th tins,
Beefsteak In 3 th tins,
Turkey, in I lb tins.
Chicken, in 2 lb tins.
Sausare, In 3 lb tins,
Ox Tail Soup, do.
Vg. Soup, do
McMurray's Oysters,
Spiced Oysters, 2 lb tins,
Orsters. in 1 lb tins.
llandien a Baker's Oysters. 1 lb tins,
Lewis' balmon, 2 ID tins.
Columbia River do, 1 lb tins,
Fresh Lobsters.
Fresh Quohaugs,
Fresh Clams,
Assorted English Pie Fruits.
Enflijb. Pickles, assorted,
Boston Pickles, I gal. jars,
Boston Pickles, half-gal. jars,
Cala. Pickles, do.
Sardines, I tins.
Sardines, tins,
English Jams,
Assorted, in 1 and 3 lb tins.
Fresh Apricots, 2 lb tins.
Fresh Peaches, do,
Fresh Egg Plums, do,
Ureen t'eas, uo.
Green Corn, do,
Fresh Green Peas,
French Pates,
Mushrooms.
and Aspargns
Crushed Sugar, half barrels
No. 1 Brown Sugar, No. 2 brown sugar,
Golden Uate Hour, qr. sacks,
Fresh Wheat Meal, Fresh Corn Meal,
Fresh Wine Crackers,
In tins,
Fresh Wafer Crackers in tins.
Fresh Picnio Crackers, in tins.
Fresh Water Crackers, in tins.
Fresh Jenny Lind Cakes.
SfEIV YOltIC "WATER CIt ACKLEKS,
Fresh Split Peas, Fresh Tapioca,
Fresh Tcarl Sago,
Fresh Arrowroot, Fresh Pearl Barley,
Fresh Manna,
Fresh Carraway Seed,
Fresh Canary Seed, Fresh Rape Seed,
IVo. 1 Ilatrailaa Rice,
Fresh Corn Starch,
Fresh Maccaroni,
Fresh Vermicelli,
Fresh Dried Apples,
Fresh Island Syrup,
Card Matches, Candles,
Cigars and Tobacco,
Bath Bricks, English Starch,
Indigo Blue, Etina Bine,
Honey In 3 Ib. IIbh,
California Hops,
Kerosene Oil, Downer's,
Vine Table Salt in glass jars.
Fins Table Salt in boxes,
Lea A Perrin'a Sauee, pints k half pints.
i;nmney auee.
East India Chntney,
East India Curry,
Tomato Catsup, Mrs. Morris' Catsup,
English Mustard in glass,
California Mustard in glass,
California Pepper in glass,
Fresh Ground Pjpper,
Pepper Sauee,
Cayenne Pepper,
White Wine Vinegar,
Malt Vinegar,
Assorted English Herbs,
Assorted Spices.
Burnett's Extracts. 1
Salad Oil, Preston' Chocolate,
GeIatrae,-Cox's, - '
Malegatawny Paste,
Carry Paste,
Saieratus in glass,
Saleratua In 10 lb.
Carb. Soda, in glass,
Carb. Soda, in 10 lb jars,
Cream Tartar In glasf ,
Preston A Merrill's Yeast Powder, '
Pine Currants in 10 lb. jars,
FHE RAIglXg,
Lemon Peel,
Orange Teel,
Citron Peel,
Nutmegs,
Mace,
Cinnamon.
Ground Cassia,
U round Cloves, .
around Allspice,
Ground Ginger,
FEESH ISLAND BUTTER !
CALIFORNIA OATS, extra quality,
CALIFORNIA BARLEY,
CALIFORNIA BRAN,
CRACKED CORN,
WHOLE CORN.
New Cala. Potatoes.
IVetr Callfernla OnIoux,
COFITEIE!
Boasted on the latest improved principle.
TEAS,
H. M., having paid especial attention to
this departmaat, wooUJ suggest a trial of ala
MIX EI TEAK,
Tie eaeiaast growth of Chlaa aad Jsfaa,
pnxtackg a eosabieattoa or feeata, Savoar
aad rrosHMM, tkt bo atMaixed qKy aaa
compare with. 2y-t
PACKET LINES
caluoxxia. wum un xarac
stxaxsht? maxxrt
Sm FrarrCtscDiiidWMlm
Tha Company's Splsn J14 A 1 Sfr
m: IDAHO,
OR
MQ3XTT A TNT.A'
F. CONNOR. Commander,
Wilt ron tMtreect Hastalitlna atawl 8a
Francisco tjy the fathlv4HC
Tim Table I
struma run
aaarvix at
Pan rraacbra, Ma, 3
Hoaelala . . Je?- 9
Sa fraacuea... .Jao 38
Honolulu. -latt
P-a Fruciaro .AscS
ItoMlala aa 8
San rrocix . . . ..S? j lo
Honolulu JtIT
8n rraiMtson MSS
ltoiM4altt Jan!
9n rrancweo.. ...July 4
Honolalu Jatr SI
Fan Francisco Aaa; 10
lloaoisht ...Xaf a
Through freight to Portland aad Victoria
will b taken at reasonable rates, aad
Liberal Advance em sH
Shipment per ttMHr.
Insurance guaranteed at lower races than by
ailing vessels. Particular care takes of ship
ments of Fruit.
All orders for Goods to be porckaaoi la Sa
Francisco, will be received and HcJ liy setata
of Steamer. II. IIACKFELD A CO.. .
It-3m Ageat.-
0Shipments from Europe and tla United
States. Intended for these Island, will ba ra'
eelved by tho Company in Saa Fraaelseo, if
consigned to them, and be forwarded by their
Steamer to Honolulu, ran or cnsiaa, ex
cept actual outlay.
HAWAII AS FAGXXT LUX
For Portland, Oregon.
thk rise, curria sias
CLARA R. SUTIL,
N. C. BROOKS. Master.
1V11I have Immediate IMapwlcJa
lor tho above port.
For freight or passage, having superior ac
commodations for Cabin and Steerage passen
gers, apply to
WALKER t ALLEN.
10- Agent.
HAWAIIAN' PACKET UJHL
For San Francisco,
Th following First-Class V. Jflt
sell will run regularly in th JhBk
.Honolulu Lint:
I. C. IHUKKAT,
C1MKKIGK,
CKI.KKX1X. .
Eor Freight or Passage, having Superior'
Accommodations for Cabin and Steers Pas
sengers, apply to
THE aTTXAjEKet
Will run during the present quarter as follow;
LEATl.tQ HOXOLTJI.U
Monday. June 39
Monday, July 6
Monday, July SO
Monday, July 27
Monday, August 3
Monday, July 13
Laving np the Week commencing- Aug-. 10.
Monday, August 17 Monday, September T
Monday, August 21 Monday. September 11
Monday, August 31
At 4 r. Jr., precisely, touching at
xjahalna,
Kalepolepo,
Mahee's Landing,
Kealakekna,
Kail nit,
Kawalhas, axut
Xakaksai.
HID LEAVTSO - fC
Eealakekua, Wednesday, about noaa.isSC
Kailua, Wednesday evenings, "
Kawaibaa a Mahnkona, Thursday veniagt.
Arriving back at Honolulu Satardaystcrnlsg.
21- WALKER A ALLEN, Agent.
FOR NAWIL1WIL1.
the currzs scnooxsB
HATTI3I, 3Ll
CAPTAIN NIKA.
Carrying lie Hawaiian iloil rtititnU SaMJjl
will Leave Eoaalnia Xvary Sdrtareay,
at Four o'clock p. v.. Reluming;, wQI lean
Nawiliwill every Tuesday afternoon.
t or rreigni or rasaac. ap My to
U-tf
V.
F03TEB, i CO.
REGULAR PACKET FN N&B.
the CLirrra scboovee
M. ODD FELLOW, 3L.
CAPTAIX DAVIS,
Will run regularly at a Packet batweea Hooe
ndu and lliio. For freizht or casrare. ane.lv
on board, or to CHUNG HO0N.
ll-3m Agent.
or Lahakut awl Hhte's Uiif.
The flne Lamicii cllpyer acltoener
i Le St a apaaawal
an a La
E. P. CRANE, Master,
Will run recnlarlv and ssnctnaBv on the
above route. For freight or passage apply
to the Master on board, or to
U. ilBEWSS E ua.
March 31,186. ll-3o
or KILO, PAUKAA MhI KAIM.
The KbooR.r
1TAXLTN, Stasur.
Will run reimlarlT for th above corts. For
freight or passage apply to
1 Ll. iUAPAKl, IIOTOIIUB,
U-3m
Or J. II. CONEY. Hito.
or Hifo ami Kanfihw,
dQt Sch. Active,
Will run as a rtcnlar packet to tha above
ports, touching at LAHAINA, For freight or
passage apply to
ll-3es Agents,
For MiOokaii.
K A FAIL J,
Will ran as a rerilw Packet befwara
lula and Mobkf toaeaiag at JE
nadPnkao. Tfator pxitg
tha Caataia m-oowa or.
M Sch. Ann:
V "J" Tuy" Wr-t

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