Newspaper Page Text
FAMILY DB.UG STORE,
j. yt. smith &. co.,
HAVE RECEIVED PER LATE ARRIV
als, a New Assortment of Drug and
Suds' Sarsaparilla, Townsend's do.,
fAyers' do., Bristol's do., Shakers' do.,
'Root do:, Ayera' Cherry rectoral.
Balsam for' the Lungs. Balsam of Wild
Cherry, Hypophospbites of Lime a Soda,
'Compound Extract of Suebu, Capsules,
Thorn'f Extract. Crossman'a Specific,
Pills and Ointment, of various kinds,
LinimesU. Plasters, Pectoral Fumigatort,
Sponges, Hamburg Tea, Lily White,
fumigating Tat till, Trusses,
J. B, Cook' Nipples. Nipple Shields,
Lubin's and Pinaud'a ExtraeU,
Toilet Articles. Lip Salve,
Indelible Pencil, a Seir Invention
" Hair Restorers and Dressings,
Eyrmges, Leeches, etc, etc., etc
. . DnJRii of all kinds,
i "Corner of -Fort and Hotel streets. 11-tf
1 MAKEE PLAXTATIOX.
TTEW CROP OF
SUGAR AKD MOliASSES
"VTOW C03IOG IA.
XN For tale by
51 -3m C BREWER 4 Co., Acenta.
(FREPARED IN VACUO.)
The Curative Principle of Sar-
Til i 1 . 1 i
sapariiia enters largeiyinio
uie composition 01
One Bottle ofBesolvent Better than
Ten Large Bottles of Sarsaparilla,
One Bottle will Parity the Blood, and
Expel Corruption from the Body !
So tvift it tkit remedy in entering into lx
circhlatien, tint it kct tten irteeted at tie Koal
end ttrint in sir tniauta after it Ass leen total.
jDTVriTQ TU A TVT A f i a stream of ,3va t0 look at itare veT
Dili lsil 111 All iU jd'3"601 things. One cannot even ap
TJ 7? "R itpcnivpnfcfMirf9wirii P" !t without being fairly scorched.
it. ix. n. insolvent cures wim The Etream itself i3 erea 'br of
astonifihing rapidity every form ! stones, parallel to one another, like the
Ot (Jhromc, ScrolUlOUS and Skin
from the human
j;One bottle of Dr. Badway'a Renovating Be ..
-solvent contains more of the active curative
principles of the best Jamaica Sarsaparilla,
' ( Sarsaparfllian, ) than Ten of the largest size
bottles of tho mixture sold under the name
The process adopted by Dr. Radway in
secorin; extracts (prepared in vacuo,) of
Jlediciiikl Roots, Plants, Herbs, and other
vegetables possessing great curative proper
ties over Scrofula, Chronic, Syphilitic and
all skin diseases, that enters into the com
position of the Renovating Resolvent, pro
duces only 0'E OUNCE of the pure extract
out of SO lbs. of the crude roots. The Inert
matter that enters so generally in the large
bottle mixtures and prepared under the offi
cinal or pharmacopeia formula, is, by Dr.
Radrray's process, cast aside as rubbish.
One teaspoonful of the Resolvent is sufS
cient for a dose for all Skin Diseases, Salt
Rheum, Pimples, Blotches, Sores and Erup
tions of the Skin, Humors is the Blood, &c.
One teaspoonful, three times per day, will,
In a few' days, make the Blood pure, the Skin
dear, the Eyes bright, the Complexion smooth
and transparent, the Hair strons, and remove
all Sores, Pimples, Blotches, Pustules, Tet
ters, Cankers, &c, from the Head, Face,
Neck, Mouth and Skin. It is pleasant to take,
and the dose is small. n1
The first dose that is taken seizes on the
disease and commences its work of resolving
away all diseased deposits, Purifying- the
Blood, and driving corruption from the
The Renovating Resolvent, if used in any
of the following named complaints, win posi
tively cure the patient:
Sktn Diseases, Carles of tho
Itono, Humors In the Blood,
Cbnstitutiounl, Chronic ana
Scrofulous Diseases, Scrofula,
Syphilis, Fever Sores, Ulcers,
Salt Rheum. Erysipelas, Rick
ets, Scald Head, Sore Legs,
Cankers, Glandular Swellings,
White Swellings, Roils, Xodes,
Sore Bars, Sore Eyes, Strumous
Discharges from the Ear, Op-
Itj Wasting and Decay of the where two months ago the great gulf yawn
Body. Skin Eruptions, Pimples ' ed. And now we see the virgin lava issu-
BHIl uioicucs, lusurs, uuuer.
ous AirccuoBs, uyspepsta, wa
tcrBrasli, It'curalsla, Chronic
Rheumatism aud Gout, Diseases
or the Kidneys, Bladder, Ure
thra, Strictures, Difficulty of
Passing Water, Calculous De
ALARJILN'Q INCREASE OF BLADDER,
filDXEV and CALCULOUS DISEASES.
The annual reports of the Health Com
cusiocers of different cities, show a great
increase of deaths from diseases of the Kid
neys and unnarr organs HAUttAi a
REXOVATIXG BE50LVJ2XT is the only
wV.Aiu.u mo um,
isriedrutsf oaeun calculous concretion,
lu "SO1 VEST diuretic UOontriptic and
tow properties exceed that of any medi-
dae- to the'troW: it readily assimilates" with
. die fluids, and promotes their exit through
the'Eidueys, Ureter and Bladder, removing
Vcalcclous obstructions and correccng all de-
. r .1 -
nncKau cl ukk wgwo.
: yi u uxt rauxty apuwyio aisr.
ct&rtxm, tXtt it la teen deiedrd ta Oa mrimt tat
iisuufa after it hut been Ulm by adding
to the liquid when cold a few pieces of ttxrch,
then a few drcps of nitric add, the liquid
will change to a blue color. When brick
dust, or a thick white deposit, like the whits
of an cgr, (albumen,) is detected in the ves
sel, or bloody discharges from the urethra
or mictErating in drops, accompanied br a
burning or scalding pain the-RESOLYEXT
sfcould be csed, and B, R. RELIEF rubbed
ea the spine, &c
X ABWAT'S FILLS bong ta aperient, ,
lOotomK, and tome laxative, are umoEaiy no persona considerations to render it a3 ! quarters, of Major TiltoD, the Post Sur
pwgatjve -dne-safe to adimmster in intense as human nature can wish. Stfur- I peon, who was attending him. Onthe
three difficulties; their mQd, soothing and
himTinr preeeraes produce evaluations with-
Mt&ritatfag the mucosa membranes, of the ,
.1IkSti. ureter, bladder. 4c orT
S rf KalTat. 1 tier battle, orfi far;
it pjb "fi (. RB-KeEe 60 dSLM
'fcetak.OPrindpad 'Depot, 67 Haidea Lane, '
Jf. T. Seld by aS DrsggsU and Coasiry
For Sale toy
Craae 4b Bxigtiaxn, Saa Francisco,
R.H3fcB9ELld Co, 8aaFruKlKi
JgittaeM& Bro, ir Sacramento
Asd-by: an Brsgglcts rnak Ceutrjr
II Xerefcant. Pt
An eruption of Vesuvius is teen to a
very much greater advantage by night than
day y but at night it is very difficult to in
duce the guides to ascend the higher cone,
and thongh the chief phenomena may bo
thoroughly seen by the side or the lava
streams as tbey descend the side, thesight
of these rather stimulates the curiosity
than satisfies it, and he is a fortunate ex
plorer who can manage to place himself at
the very summit, either during the night
itself, or when tho evening is sufficiently
advanced to allow the glare of the volcano
to be seen in all its glory. The two ob
jects may be attained in two seperate as
cents, but for convenience of description,
we may imagine them as a combine.) one.
We are travelling, then, through the vine
yards early on a bright January evening;
the moon is clear, but a tremendous wind
from the east has set in, and in front, as
we mount, the volumes of smoke are roll
ing away towards the sea. The appear
ance which the mountain presents is this:
Two gigantic arms of fire seem to rise out
of the lava bed in front of us, a mile or
two higher np, meet in the air and disap
pear under a canopy of red tossing smoke.
They are the two principal streams of lava
which are making their way down the face
of the central cone, rnrht toward us, as we
ascend ; but tbey meet when they reach J
the half-way plateau which we mentioned
before, and separate again into two branch
es, the size and length of bich varies from
day to day. Seen from below, these two
great fiery arms light up the night. On
one side, the full moon is silverin? tho bay
of Naples, and on the other, the wind is
hurrying iba clouds over two glowing cur-
rents, which hebt op and redden them
with a land fierceness as they pass. We
move on, clinsbm over stones, and soon
bear off to the left across fields or cold
1 lave. Here it lies black and dead, tlis)
fruits of old eruptions: mile after mile one
Imav follow it through plains and almost
seas of ugly blackness, rolled into rounded
! Classes, tossed op in crumbling- peaks, here
, and there twisted and curled into curious
I other rope-like coils. A little further on,
I and higher up. and the surface is gently
warm. Jets of hot air issue from holes in
the mass, with sometimes puffs cf steam ;
1 me old lara is not qnite dead, alter all.
, We penetrate further, and now have near-
j iy reached the plateau, when the current
forks the second time ; we now turn to the
right, aud scramble over some more hot
lava beds, and at last we climb some stones
which partly hid the view, and find we are
standiusr in front of a river three miles
loufr, of liquid fire.
I The heat is tremendous. To stand near
mnes ?'. a glacier; nappy ue who pass-
I .1 :.i . i , ,
awav from their
places red hot ; the stick which one pushes
into the crevices comes out charred, or
even bursts into a flame; onejalls fornard
and rises with one's gloves scorched. Close
by the river of lava itself, it is impossible
to remain except where it is nearly dying
. oui ai me lower extremity. A hasty glance
l into the torrent is all that, without the
I courage of a Cranmer, one can fairly allow
oneself. Putience, however, will now and
then discover some post of vantage, from
. which at a little distance, the fiery flood
can be surveyed in safety, and even with
moderate comfort. It is a'small stream,
seldom more, and generally less, than two
or three yards in breadth. At tho spot
where we are standing, where about two
tinnls of iU downward course are comple
ted, it is moving at the rate of about a
mile an hour. Lower down this will
gradnally become slower, the scoria; on its
si rfice will spread and grow more black,
and at last it will cease to flow as a vis
cous stream, and will roll over itself, so to
speak, in a series of minature cascades,
which finally cool down into what one
might almost fancy a staircase of lava.
From the whole of this, while we are look
ag, vast clouds of vapor are continuallv
rolling off, vivid beyond description, and
from time to time the thunder of the vol
cano is heard from above, as it hurls up
stones and ashes from the apex. Sights
and sounds alike are full, not indeed of
terror, for there is no danger in the case,
but of real grandeur and majesty. And
when the eye is tired with the view, on
such a night as we are describing, it may
turn away to the quiet bay, the quiet vil
lages in their midnight sleep, and thirty
miles-off the Appenines, with their snowy
tops white-aud clear under the moon. Tet
the best sight of all is further on. We
leave the lava stream, bear away to the
left through the valley which seperates the
two peaks, thus avoiding the fine ashes
which blow annoyingly into the eyes aV
every step, and securing an easier ascent.
and after a two hoursciimb are at the very
top. Uhe eruption has filled the crater. !
and we may walK salely over the place
ing forth, still brighter and hotter than be
low, and flowing doubly fast in its channel.
We are close to the very centre of the vol
cano itself. A small round hfllof ashes
two or three hundred yardsan diameter,
crowns the mountain; from this there rise
enormous volumes of steam, now regular- .
Ir, now in mishtv-dischanres which shake
the ground where 'we stand, and close be
side it spreads another volume as black as
smoke; Thi3 last is the same steam mix
ed with ashes, and in its dark back-ground,
every few moments, there dart up, with a
noise luce that 01 artillery, bright red ioun-
. - -; . . - .-.t '
'r 5 ,y 7- . T. T; ,, r r v
hundred feet into the -air, and falling back I
into tne bosom of the mountain or on the !
sides' of the conical hill from which they
rise. Nothing can surpass the grandeur I
of this majestic column. From the fierce '
glow of the lava as it rushes down before !
, . , , -. . i- , .
us, ana me woue gusnesoi steam, me iury i
of which shakes the mountain and thun
ders away to Naples, the eye turns with
even greater awe to the towering black
volume beside them, in which the fiery
rain of the cinders seems embedded. At
times a sulphurous cloud, almost intollera
ble for the moment, beats down upon Q3
with a gust of wind, and then again, an-
ouier inenoiy gust carries n away. nere
is even here, 03 below, no peKOcal danger, :
unless indeed, a new lava stream should
suddenly open under our feet. But the
excitement of the scene is such asneeds
, , , . .
A Mistake. An elderly man wa3 struck
' with appoplexy recently in the Rue Tiv-
ienne, in Paris, In his pocket was found
the card of the Marquis of . Ames-
senger was forthwith -despatched faytthe
Jockey Club, to inform his son of the fatal
disaster that had befallen his father. The
son arrived and r threw himself upon the
corpse, embraeicg it and bathing it with
his tears. Saddenly he jumped up and
esekimed:-"By Jove.it is not my father;
it's his eorn-catter" who happened to
have the Marqais' card io"hi3 pocket.
A swzsr riisa the honeymoon.
Coflec Ilotr It Ik Grown and
Prom "A Journey In Braxfl," by Apraix.
The neit day was that of our departure.
Before leaving, we- rode with Mr. La go
throngh tho plantation, that we might un
derstand something of the- process of cof
fee culture in Brazil. I am not eure that,
in giving an account of this model fazen
da, we give a just idea of fazendas m
general. Its owner carries the same large
and comprehensive spirit, the same ener
gy and force of will into all his undertak
ings, and has introduced extensive reforms
on his plantations. Tho Fazenda do For
taleza de Santa Anna lies at the foot of
the Serra de Babylonia. The house itself,
as I have already said, makes a part of a
succession of low white buildings, inclosing
aa oblong square, divided into neat lots,
destined for the drying of coffee.
This drying of coffee in the immediate
vicinity of the house, though it seems a
very general custom, must be an uncom
fortable one, for the drying lots are laid
down in a dazzling white cement, from the
glare of which, in this hot climate, the eye
tnrns wearily away, longing ror a green
spot on which to rest. Just behind the
house, on the slope of the hill, is the orange
ry. I am never tired of these golden
orchards, and this was one of especial
beauty. The small, deep colored tanger
ines, sometimes twenty or thirty in one
cluster, the Urge, choice orange, " Laranja
electa," as it is called, often ten or twelve
together in a single bunch, and bearing the
branches to the ground with their weight;
the paler, "Limao.'doce," or sweet lemon,
rather insinid. but esteemed here for its
I cool, refreshing properties all these, with J
mauy uiuers iur inn randy oraiigvs
is far greater than we of the temperate
zone conceive it to be make a mass of
color, in which gold, deep orange and pale
yellow are blended wonderfully with the
hock-trronnd of irreen.
lieyond the house mclosure, on the op
posite side of the road, are the gardens,
with aviary, and fish poods in the centre.
With these exceptions, all of the property
which is' not forest is devoted to coffee,
covering ail tne nnisiues iur nines arounu.
The seed is planted in nurseries especially
prepared, where it undergoes its first year's
growth. It is then transplanted to its
permanent home, and becius to bear in
about three years, the first crop being- of
course, a very light one. trom that time
forward, UDder good care and with favora
ble soil, it will continue to bear, and even
to yield two crops or more, annually, for
thirty years in succession. At that time,
the shrubs and soil are alike exhausted,
and according to the custom of the coun
try, the fazendario cuts down a new forest
and begins a new plantation, completely
abandoning his old one, withouta thought
of redeeming or fertalizing the exhausted
One of the long-sighted reforms under
taken by our host is the manuring of all
the old deserted, plantations on his estate,
and he has already a number of vigorous
young plantations which promise to be as
good as if a virgin forest had been sacri
ficed to produce theci. lie wishes not
only to preserve tne wood on his own es
tate, and to show that agriculture need not
be cultivated at the expense of taste and
beauty, but to remind his countrymen also,
that extensive as the forests are, they will
not last forever, and that it will be neces
sary to immigrate before long to find new
coffee grounds, it the old ones are to be
considered worthless. Another of bis re
forms is that of the roads, already alluded
to. The ordinary roads in the coffee plan
tations, like the mule tracks all over the
country, are carried straight up the sides
of the hills between the lines of shrubs
gullied by every rain, and offering besides
so steep an ascent that with eight or ten
oxen, it is often quite impossible to drive
the clumsy, old-fashioned carts up the slope,
and the negroes are obliged to bring a great
part of the harvest down on their heads.
An American, who has been a great deal
on the coffee fazendas in this region, told
me that he had seen negroes bringing
enormous burdens on their heads down
almost vertide elopes. On Senor Lage's
estate all these old roads are abandoned,
except where they are planted here and
there with alleys of orange trees for the
use of the negroes, and he has substituted
for them winding roads in the side of the
hill with a very gradual ascent, so that
light carts drawn by a single mule can
transport all the harvests from the summit
of the plantation to the drying ground. It
was the harvesting season, and the spec
tacle was a pretty one. The negroes, men
and women, were scattered about the plan
tation with broad, shallow trays, made of
platted grass or bamboo, strapped over
their shoulders and supported at their
waists : into these they were gathering the
coBee, some already beginning to dry and
turn brown, while here and there was a
green one not yet quite ripe, but scon to
ripen in the scorching sun. Little black
children were sitting on the ground and
! iwllioMni, ir 1 1 a fait undo, 1 Iwi ItT.st.as cmi..
ing at their work a monotonous but rather
pretty snatch of song, in which some took
the first and others the second, making
not inharmonious rnnsic. As their baskets
were filled, they came to the Administra
tor to receive a littie metal ticket, on which
the amount of their work was marked. A
task is allotted to each one so ranch to a
full grown m n, so much to a woman with
! vounp- children, so much to a child and
! each one is paid for whatever he may do
j over and above it. The requisition is a
I very moderate one, so that the industrious
; have an opportunity of making a little
i money independently. .
1 At jnght; tbev all present their tickets
andareraidon the snot foranvextra work.
t. A i j t n j
From the harvesting ground-we followed
the carts down to the place where their
burden is deposited. On their return from
the plantation the negroes divide the day's
harvest, and dispose of it in little mounds
on the dryingground. When pretty equal-
ff 1 . - . , -
iy uneu, iuv couee is ppreau ouunioin
even layers' over the whole enclosure, where
it is baked for the last- time. It is then
hulled by a simple machine in use on'al
most all fazendas, and the process b com
Death or Ges. Kit Caksos. At Fort
Lyon, Colorado, Kit K arson expired at-half-rwst
four o'clock, in the afternoon of
June 23d, in consequence of the rupture
of an artery in the throat. A few weeks
previous, his condition becoming danger-
oti3, he removed from Us bouse to'the
24th the bodf was laid in state in the office
of the adjutant. He was temporarily buried
on the evening of that day, it being ander
stood that the remains would subsequently
be removed to Taos, 2"r Mexico, to be
interred with those of his wifefwho died
there only a few weeks before his demise. '
(.arson s fist words indicated the full pos
session of his mental faculties, the con
sciousness of his situation, and the strong
social feeling which characterized him
throughout life. The words were a ample
A stsawat couple were married in a
carriage on the Grand Trunk Railway la
Canada, while the train was ranging-.
Influence of Civiliiationon the Brain.
Little is heard or Tead now of Gall
and Spurzheim, und their systems of
craniology and phrenology, at least, in the
terms in which they were presented. But
it can not be denied that much of what
tbey taught of the innatenessand divisions
of the mental faculties, aud of the bearing
of this belief on education and criminal
jurisprudence, lias insinuated iuelf into the
metaphysical and ethical teachings of other
and received schools of philosophy. It
crops out under a different language in
lighter literature, novels, essays, descrin
tions and analyses of character, and criti
cisms of the drama. They who havo dis
missed the entire subject from their minds,
and who, if they bring it up at all, ridicule
the skull-groping and bump-finding of cra
niology as a means of ascertaining the
size and relative projiortions of the differ
ent parts of the brain within, and of the
power and activity br the mind deduced
from such size, may learn that the main
positions laid down by Gall and Spnrz
heim still have able advocates, as we now
proceed to show.
Mr. Dunn, of the Royal College of Sur
geons, presented a paper to tho British
Association for the Advancement of Sci
ence, on the "Influence of Civilization
upon the Development of the Brain in the
different Raws of Man," which he prefaced
by the following propositions as being
taken for granted:
1. That the brain is the material organ
of the mind.
2- That there exists a close corresprond
ence in form ami Bua between th cere
brum, or. brain proper, and its outward,
bony covering, the skull, so that tho vary
ing forms of the human cranium, or skull,
indicate by outward and visible signs, with
certain well understood qualifications, cor
responding differences in shape and size of
the cerebral or brain suustanco witmn.
4. That man is one, aud that all the
races of the great family of man are en
dowed with the same intuitions, sensa
tional, perceptive "and intellectual, the
same mental activities, however they may
differ in degree, and that they all havo the
essential constituent elements in common,
of a moral, religious and intellectual nature.
Air. Dunn, without entering into the
question of the single or plurality origin
of mankind, asserts that from all historic
times there have existed, and do still ex
ist, aboriginal and typical races of men,
who, differing from each other, are easily
distinguishable by well-marked physical
and psychical characteristics; such, for in
stance, as the-negroes of Africa, the mon
gols of Asia, the red men of America,
and the white men of Europe. From time
immemorial, he says, there have always
existed, besides the savage hordes of hunt
ers and fishers, two forms or phases of
civilization, the nomadic, or pastoral, and
the agricultural ; the former essentially
unchanging in its character, but the lat
ter strikingly and eminently progressive.
Among the purely nomadic races there is,
Mr. Dunn observes, a uniform sameness
and characteristic fixity in the shape of
the head, strikingly in contrast with what
is seen to prevail among the agricultural
races and cultivated Europeans. He con
trasted the typical skulls cf the negroes,
or Australian savages. and-Mongoliun no
mads with the cultivated Caucasian stock,
and found in the relative size and develop-
. -c .i. i ? ' - i r
mem oi me uruiu, as inuicaieu uy iuul m
the skull, distinctive characters of the de
gradation of the former and elevation of
the latter. ' His own views and convictions
are that the anterior lobes of the brain
(those behind the forehead.) are the seat
of the intellectual, the middle lobes of'the
personal or individual, and the posterior of
the social and allectional acclivities or at
tributes of the human mind.
In proof of alterations of the skull for
the better, from, the influence of improved
social conditions and higher intellectual
activity, he directed attention to some
casts taken at different periods from the
same individuals fn each case, the inter
vals were not -periods of Ieisnre, but of
great mental activity, and the result in
each was seen in the decided enlargement
and development of the anterior part of
the forehead. Mr. Dunn looks forward to
the microscop'cal examination of the ulti
mate structure of the gray.matler of the
brain-in typical races of men as pregnant
with the most interesting and instructive
results. He refers to Dr. Beale's and Mr.
Lockhart Clark's observations' on this sub
ject. Reference is made to historical evi
dence of the conversion in time of one
type ol humanity into that of 'another un
der the influence of outward circumstances,
social state, and intellectual culture.
Destbcctiox or Cuukcjiks is Socni
Carouxa. A committee of the Protest
ant Episcopal Convention of South Caro
lina closes an extended report or losses
by the war as rollow3 :
To sum up the losses of the diocese, it
appears that ten churches have been burnt
that three have disappeared ; that twenty
two parishes are suspended; that two par
sonages cava been burnt; that every
cnurcn between ine bavannan Kivernnd
Charleston has been injured, some stripped
even of weathcrboanlinand flooring : that
almost every minister in that region of the
State has lost .home and, library; that along
the entire seaboard, rroa iSortb Carolina
to Georgia, where our Church bad flour
ished lor more than a century, there are
bnt four parishes which maintain religious
services; that not one outside of the city
ot Charleston can be called a livinc. eell-
sustaining parish, able to support a minis
. . t . , , - i i - i
ier; wiai meir ciergy live oy usuing, d
farming, and by mechanical arts: that ai
most every church, whose history appears
on this recoij, uha3 lost its communion
plate, often a massive and venerable set.
the donation of an English or colonial an
cestor. Ine pecuniary losses might be
repaired if the diocese were 83 in days
gone by. but in its present impoverished
condition no hope remains of speedy re
storation, .mis. generation can scarcely
Big Blast. At lime Point,hear the
Golden Gate, a charge of 7,500 pounds of
powder wa3 exploded at one time, in two
tunnels 50 feet back from the face of a
cliff 250 feet high. The rocky cliff fell
forward from a height of 175 feet, and not
less than 40,000 cubic- yards, or 80,000
tons, of stone tumbled down into the sea.
The charge cost 2,000, so that the cost
per cubic yard was only 5 cents, and per
ton, only. 2i cents. The ground is being
prepared lor the construction ol a lort like
that at Fort Point. The proper site of a
fort is covered by a high, rocky hill, which
rises from 250 to" 300 feet above the level
where the fort is to stand. It becomes
necessary, therefore, to cut away this hill
before beginning the fort. Sac Bee.
A Bostomax has invented an engine of
one-boy power, which will throw water
through a chemically prepared chamber of
the machine, and in one minute, witn ten
gallons of waer, extinguish ifty-three
blazing tar barrels!
It rr rumored that TVm. B. Astor wrK
erect a magnificent hotel to N. T. city. " It
will be called -Aetor House, Jr."
The Manner i. which Lack is Made.
The cushion, over which the pattern to be
made is spread, is made of linen, filled with
straw or hair, and in shape not very nnliko
a lady 8 mull, l ho pattern is hlled with
forest of pins, perpendicularly placed I
to which the threads are attached tho
other ends of tho threads being fastened
to tho kloppels which ore made of wood
from the cherry tree. Tho kloppelhas
the appearance of a miniature " nine pin."
when it is well wound with the silk, or
thread, to bo used, a closely fitting cylinder
is Miiiu uitr ifc iu preveni. moiMure
from the hands having an action on tho
threads. At night a flask of water is
placed before tho cushion, behind which is
a lamp. The water is used to cost an equal
iignt on the worK. l he young girl whom
we saw used six thousand pins and six hun
dred threads. She worked so fast it was
impossible to enumeruto the kloppels, it
is astonishing with what rapidity they exe
cute ineir usKs. 1 uese poor creatures worK
from daylight until 10 p. ac, and can earn
but about five cents per day. Let us now
look how these poor creatures live. The
bouses are built principally of a mixture of
clay and straw, over which is a coating of
nme. j nere are seldom more than two
rooms, and are occupied by so many as
eigui or ten persons, who share the accom
odations equally. The floor is chalked out
in-equares, which is the steeping as well as
thn working quarter of the occupant. The
lace makers seldom do any other work, for
their hands must de kept smooth and clean,
consequently their hands are small and beau
tifully white It is truo they have their
three meals per day, ir we might so call
them. The m.jals cousist almost entirely
of potatoes and salt, together with a drink
ol corn and chickory mixed, to which they
give tne name ot coilee. in the spring
and autumn, as the' fields are ploughed
there is a root unearthed known as Erd
raandel; this they gather and make of it
r.rumanuei couee. Aleat or eggs they
scarcely know, excepting in name. These
unfortunates begin their trade at the early
age of five years, but are seldom able to
earn a living at it until at the ago of seven
teen years, now little Uo the wearers
think, when attired int his luxurious article,
of the sufferings of the maker. From morn
till night, day after' day, year to year, these
poor creatures toil, earning scarcely an ex
stance. The lowest beggar in our land
leads a more luxuriant life than do these
children of labor who are pale, thin, half1
starved, scantily clothed, shadows or cre
ation. If there is the least mistake in the
work, or it is any way soiled; they, and not
the employers, are the losers. Sinco mr
visit to this place, sitnated among some of
toe most oeauiiiul ol fcaxon scenery, and
whenever I look at a piece or lace, my
ininu is nueu witn tne thoughts ol the
misery ol the bpIitzenKIoppelerem.
St. George wmi Tne Gilt oft. This
pink of chivalry was born abont the begin
ning of the fourth century, in or shortly
before the reign of the Great Constantino.
His parents, who had emigrated from Cap-
pauocia to ripipnania, in UUicia, were em
ployed in a humble branch of the doth
trade, and George himself was born, not in
an enchanted castle, but in a fuller's ehon
in that town a pleasant bower of halr-
clcaned toga: and small-clothes of those
days. Arrived at man's estate, George
obtained an important contract to supply
the imperial army with provisions. So far
as we can make out, this was the gallant
beorges only connection with the profes
sion of arms. Instead of ridinc about on
fiery steeds, performing miraculous feats of
arms, slaying dragons, and delivering dam
sels, the fuller's son was employed in deliv
ering bacon to the imperial commissary,
and very badly he performed that duty,
His bacon was generally rancid and the
quantity short; he was a true member of
the array-contractor race, one of the sort
that Wellington would, have liked to
bang, to enconrage the others. lie made
lots of money in this business. Fora loner
time the powerful friends whom his gift of
Battery Kept around him, protected him
from the anger of the authorities and the
fury of the soldiers. The former had to
wink at short weight delivered by the fa
vorite of'the ministers, and the latter bad
to chew their rancid bacon and curse
the rascally contractor beneath .their
breath. At length, however, there arrived
a lime when this sort of thing could endure
no longer. George had to flee ; benarrow-
ly escaped death at the bands of thcsoldiers,
whose commons he had so shamefully rob
bed, and he was Eought after, perhaps not
very diligently, by the imperial officers oH
justice, ile managed to conceal both him
self and his money, and to re-appear at
tne proper time in a more distinguished
and lucrative sphere. Thus the creat
George of England, the greatest knight or
Christendom, the peerless champion of
virtue anu vaior, retired Irom the military
terwet: oi uis country. nat would tnose
thousands of stout knights who clove Mos-
icui uunua iu iuu lusuiniiug music vi Ilia
name, and who sought death on the fields
of Scotland in his honor, have said if you
had told them they were -shouting them
selves hoarse'in the worship of a rascally
uocon lacior; vaamoers journal.
"Wno made the world?" asked a
teacher of a little boy who had not been
long jn school. The boy shook his head
and said nothing. The teacher threatened
to Vhip him nnless he answered. The
boy compelled to a confession of some
sort, broke forth, MVell, master, I made
it, but III never do it again."
SUGAR & MOLASSES.
x m o a - vt.
CROP C0MIXO IJf AND FOR SALE IK
qinotitits to rait porchnen, by
6-6 ra Agents.
Hunr and Jlolasoca Crop 1688
COHISa IX, FOR SALE IN QUANJI
tiei to salt panbucrs, by
. WALKER A ALLEN,
Sugar and MoIase Crop 1868
COMING I.V, FOR SALE IN Q0AN Ti
tles to rail purchasers, by
WALRiiB t ALLU,
VTOW COHEfG Kf ,
Alt For tale by
& Co., Ag"U.
LANGLEY, CE0W1LL k CO.,
Cor. Battery and Clay Street,
BXX FKAIVCISCO, CAI-.
b. v. tmxuta. c. z. cuts.
SEVERANCE, CLARK & CO.,
San Francloo, C'ala.
We will attend to the of Sorar, and all
kinds of Iiland Produce, alia to the purchas
ing and forwarding of Merchandise.
Caalt Advances made on Consign
13 mentft. Sn
j. c xuxru,
M'CRAKEN, MERRILL & CO.,
HAVITVtji been cHgraRed 1b oar
present bnalnets for upwards of seren
yeas, and being located In a Fire-proof Brick
Building, wo are prepared to recelre and dis
pose of Island Staples, inch as Sogar, Rice,
Syrnpt, Tula, Coffee, etc., to adrantage.
Consignments especially solicited for the Ore
gon Market, to which personal attention still
be paid, and upon which cash alliances will
be made when required.
i " ncrcKKaczs
Chas. W. Brooks & Co., - - San Francisco.
Aldrich, Merrill A Co., - - - "
Fred. Iken, ------
Badger & Lindenberger, - - - "
Jas. Patrick A Co., ---, - "
W. T. Coleman A Co., - - "
Stevens, Baker A Co., - - -
Allen A Lewis, - - - a - - Portland.
Ladd & Tilton, ------
Leonard A Green, ..... "
S. SaYidge, ------- Honolulu.
E. M. VAN REED,
Baring the best facilities throngh an Intimate
connection witn tne Japanese trade for tn
past eight years, is prepared to transact any
business entrusted to Ms care, witn dispatch.
At once to canrass the most
33 O OEEIS
OF THE SEASON.
The following works are now being canrass-
ed in several oonntlesor tho coast and
the best of success, and good men can do well
on any one of them in a territory which has
not been canvassed.
SInckcnzic'M 1O.O0O Receipts.
The best book or the kind erer published
SIX HUNDRED COPIES bare been told in
a single county In California, and the conn
ty not finished.
Beyond t lie 3IlsslAilpp!. Contain
ing over .vu illustrations. in.icTeral in
stances the commissions of our caniassf rs
npon this work alone hare amounted to orer
$100 a week.
UnitcroftN Slap of the Pacific
etaics. uin edition; revised to tne pres
ent time. Decidedly tne best map of tn
coast in existence.
WcIIh'h Every Man Mm Oirn
Lawyer. As nigh as sixteen orders In a sin
gle day have been taken for this work. It
is nseful to every one.
People's IlooU or Itlosrraphy.
A new work, Just ready, oy tne popular wri
ter James rarton. A great number or the
subjects are self-made men, "who
. their own way In this world," who we
' dt 1.1. i it.- f i i,
architect of their own fortunes." Read
ing like this inspires the young with cour
age and stimulates them to emulate inch ex
amples. A very large sale is expected.
IVntural IVcaltfa or California.
Comnristnc Earlr Historr. fleoffranhv and
Scenery, Climate, Agriculture and Commer
cial Products, ilauufactures, Mining, Kail
roads and Commerce, Population, Educa
tional Institutions, and a detailed descrip
tion oi each county, together witn much oth
er valuable information. One large octavo
volume. The finest work ever gotten up on
tne 1-aciDo uoast, published by 11. it. UA.V
UltUlX & San Francisco,
sLoxt Cause. The only Southern Ills-
lory or the war published, very large sales
cave been made in I He territory now already
worked. A new revised and enlarged edition
is now ready.
The American lrheat Cultnrlst
Practical details for selecting and pro
ducing new varieties and cultivating on dif
ferent kinds of soil. A new work just ready.
History of the Secret Serrlceof
tne United elates. " ine most exciting and
interesting dook ever published;-
In addition to the above list we have many
other first-class works which offer good induce
ments to active men, and new works constant
Those desiring an agency on any, of these
works will please apply at once- for terms to
agents, etc., etc., and name two or three dif
ferent counties that will be satisfactory, when
their first choiee will be given If possible.
H..H.. BANCROFT & CO.,
T Subscription Dept,
' San Francisco, Cal
The Best Book for" Agents Yet
Above S00 copies sold in San Francisco in ad
vance of publication
THE NATURAL WEALTH
By XltaM Fey Croniae. assisted tar
a corps oi wrtiers selected wita especial re
ference-to their knowledge of, and ability'
10 treat, ine several Departments comprised
in the volume. Complete in one lam Im
perial Octavo Volume cf over 700 pages.
printed on nne paper irotn new type, and
substantially bound in heavy beveled covers.
This elegant work Is a Cyclopedia of valua
ble information, embracing every important
and interesting fact relating to1 the material
resources and advantages of the Oolden State,
such as its History, Biography, Seen err. OeoU
ogy, Natural History, Climate, Agriculture,
Mining, Manufactures, Wealth, Products, etc.
No intelligent Califoraian eaa afford to be
without it. Sold onlr br subscrintlon. Prv-a
to.JO. Published by
H. H. BA5CS0FI & CO.,
San Francisco, Cal.
A number of other first-rate Work ptrjr
ready for Canvassers. Bead fer Oireahus
and state territory desired. - g
TOE BALE I
Ti TII"fAKT. nrrp Ar fi.w rl, ,,.,..,
XV Carte Blanche, In pints and onartsvS"
For Sale by
- B. HACKFELD k CO..
A cents for
15-tf Meisn. Enkart, pere i fi!s Rkeiew.
Supreme Court la. Prefrtt.
Ia the matter ot th Estate cf Jowjifce
Rogers, of Honotnln, Island of 01hu
I t. thn HoaonUe J. IT.
Justice of the Sapreas Court, by W SC.
Firlte, Administrator open sW Est a
final settlement or the accounts of
of Jontthan Rogers, of-Honolola, OaM, s
eeased. Notice is hereby ejw to 'iif
sons whom it may concern, tns WcJasujay,
Urn ISth day or Augnst next, at 10 o'ekek i.
at.. Is a day and hour appointed foc "7T
thn aforesaid application and all oijullisi
lht may be offered thereto, at the Coert Ho.
In the town of Honolulu.
Deputy Clerk Supreme CoawC
Honolulu, July 20,1363.
Supreme Court of tb Wi
Ane (w) ts. Let! Morse, (t).
WIIEKEAS, the CemyiaiiseMK s
the aba to entitled cause has filed a pe
tition onto the Hon. Eltiha II. Alien, Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court, prayiw for a
decree nf dlroree from her fcwbaad. tie de
fendant aforesaid, on the groans of the sW
sence from this Kingdom, for thee yean awl
not hear from, of tho laid dcfecilast.
Now, this Is to notify the said Lcti More to
appear before the Hon. Eliaha B. Alls at im
Chambers In the Court House, Honolulu, oa
Tnesday, the 2th day or October, 15S3, at 19
o'clock A. x., at which time will be heard, tie
Deputy Clerk Supreme Coart
Honctalu, Jnne 15, 1863. 18-tat
In the Supreme Cert
Of the Hawaiian Iltk 9ibnu s,.
Catherine MeQulre, Complainant, vs. Alexan
der JIcQulre, Defendant,.
Action brought before the Honorable Elista,
II. Allen, Chief Justice or the EaaeesM
Court, at Chambers, upon petition.. tsuackg
filed in the Supreme Court of the Kfrwatsaa
SUMMONS to Alexander Meet
Defendant, greeting! Yon are hereby
summoned by order of the Hon. E. if. Al!a,
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, t he asta
appear before the said Chief Jui4!a.at,aM
Chambers In the City of Uonol ala, Isssai of
Oabu. on WEDNESDAY, the IStktisay.of
DECEMBER, A. D. 1S63, to shov cMM wh7
Catherine McUnire, Complainant, sfcauid aet
recover a Judgment and decree of thuSoa
orablejCourt divorcing her the said CofesW
ant from the bonds or matrimony no exist
ing between her and the said Defendant, oa
the grounds of willful desertion and adaltery,
all which is fully set forth in the jctitie
filed in this cause. And you are heresy noti
fied that if you fail to appear and file n an
swer to the said petition is above rofuircj,
the said Complainant will apply to tluk Court
for the relief therein demanded. ... -Witness
the Hon. E. H. Alien,. ChitT Justice
u s.J of the Supreme Court at Honolulu, this
8th day of June, 1S6S.
10-Orn L. McCUltT, Clerk.
ALL FCKSONS HAVING Clajsa
against the Estate of the late Clinton
Jackson, of Honolulu, are hereby notified ta
present them to the undersigned, and aQ those
indebted to the said Estate are requested to
make prompt payment to the same.
JAMES A. BURDICK.
rTUIE UNDERSIGNED. EXECTJTORS.OF
X the Will or John P.Parker, late of Haa-
akua, Island or Hawaii, deceased, hereby no
tify all persons having claims against the Es
tate of the said John P. Parker, to present
tie same, and those indebted to the Estate
are requested to make immediate payment.
A J. P. PARKER,"
Executors of the Will of John P. Parker.
Hamakna, Jane 1, 1883. 21
A SMALL LOT OF
Ladies' awl Misses' Si Ofette,
Direct from Pans, very nandsome,
and for ale cheap.
Ladies! and Misses' Hhi Sift;
Very small, and the newest styles.
Some very nlce'Treneh Prints.
ALSO, a splendid assortment of
Ladies' and Gents' KM (Mm,
Best quality, all kinds.
jST- The. attention of the Ladies la invited.
MRS. X II. BLACK,
KONA COFFEE !
Constantly on Hani and for Sale ia I
tis to Suit.
THE TJXDEHSISXXB ISTfMUM
the public that he Is prepared U furnish
Clioloe and Well Dried Ksu CwaVe,
Having the agency-or the following parties iai
Messrs. Netiilz A Baubztt, Keopaka. ,
II. N. aateswriL, North Eon.
D. MosrrcoKZBT, Kallaa.
0. 11. Sractnixa. Kihaltra.
18-ly A. 8. CLE0U0RK.
.punaiuu rice mum.
-VTO. 1, and COOLIE RICE alwstfs
Xl on hand and for sale by
WALKER A ALLEN, .
tOOI.Ii: aid EXTXA. rie-
J Mlerln quantities to snlt by ...
A. 3.- CLEOHORX, Jt
30-ty Agent Hooolnlu Rice XTO.
v, WALKER i ALLEN, j
NEW. SEH EK, .-KWKrT,V
Books! Books! iMki!
BEJfKETT'8; NEWS DEPOT.
WHERE YOU WILL SliSO FIND
BLANK BOOKS of erery itcfcr!
ties, from a 12 cent Pass-Book to a ifc
roceo bound Ledger.
i-arge and small cap paper, ass d sues.
Commercial Note-Paper, Ladies do..
Fine Overland XaR-Paper, Bill-Paper,
Large sad smalt, Moarnlng-Paptr,
Buff and White Envelopes,
Ladfes Note epen-end Envelopes,
Diaries lor 18S8.
Standard Wortt on the Waev. ..jir
Newspapers from the United EtaUa acd
Europe, in various lanntges.
Harpers' and Leslie's PnbTtcatioas,
Chimney Corner, in monthly watts',
Wavefly Magaitne, la ueatMy parts,
Le Bon Ton of Paris Fashion,
Madame Deaorest's Mirror of FeeUeu.
Godey's Ladies' Book,
fYerela ly Erery flfr nsaiaji'""
Noveletts. Americas jtlsssH y, .
G lesson's Pictorial, asoat&ly paeesr, ,
Spanish A English DietioMrie.
High A Coaaaoa School DieMoaariw,
Pens aad Petls, Steele asrf Mew Ml
Fine Cwaw; Kne Cw aerf nagToem.
Soth ChewMi aad SsaeWa,
CtirU, as Seeet TlaiTaiisasy.
Cattery. Swear aad "
All tot sale as eheas aaat-aw eeawa sa sa