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-BOOK AND JOB .
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Is now prepared to execnte'ill orders for
m no my fiiirnt,
Of JBTIBT DBSCBJTTIOX,
WITH TTEATITBSS AND DIBFATCH
Every Wednesday Morning,
at $c.oo ran. AXXCM.
Slallcd to Foreign Subscribers at S7.0U.
OmcB On Merchant street, west of
ho Post Office, Honolulu, n. L
rrlnted and pnMUhxd by 3. Mott Surra, at tbe
Government Printing Office, to -whom all business
YOL. 17 NO. 35.
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1868. $6.00 PER YEAR
cowmunieatkrat iuu t lie audrrseed.
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENT AND
omez tx raz-paoor simjr5G8,
2S Queen Street, Jlonolnla, II. 1. fly
o. ic. trecrn. u. MAcrARXASE.
cikas. iv. spirvcEie & co.,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
24 (lueen Street, Honolulu, ly
aicCOLfiAIY A; .ioicvsoiv,
FORT STREET, HONOLULU,
10 Oppoilte T. C. lleuck'a. py
DipqnTr.n .wi li:.vi.I'.It
IN BOOTS, SHOES & GENTLEMEN'S FUR
Corner of Fort and Merchant Streets,
S HONOLULU, II. I. ly
GROCER AND SHIP CHANDLER
Money and Recruits furnished to ships on
G-lyJ lavoraoie terms.
TIIEO. II. IAVIES,
(Late Janlon, Green A- Co.,
LMPORTEE Jfc COMMISSION MERCHANT
Lloyds' and tho Liverpool Underwriters,
Northern Assurance Company, and
British and Foreign Marine Insurance.Co.
Importers and Wholesale Dealers
In Fashionable Clothing, Hats, Caps, Coots
and Shoes, and every variety or Ucntle
men's Superior Furnishing Goods.
Store known nsCapt. Snow's llulldlnc;
MtaciuxT Et&eet, Honolulu, Oahn. SO
c. n. LEWERS. J. G. DICKSON.
LEIVKUS J. wicicsoiv,
IMPORTERS, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
DEALERS IN LUMBER AND BUILD
Fort, King, and Merchant Streets,
25 llOXOLIJIiU, 11. I. Pr
J. 8. WALKER. S. C. ALLEX.
WALKER Sc ALUtV,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
19 HONOLULU. II. I. lj
L. L. TORBERTf
DEALER IN LUMBER AND EVERY KIND
OF BUILDING MATERIAL.
OrriCE Corner Queen and Fort Streets.
iioix.es A CO.,
SHIP CHANDLERS AND COMMISSION
Queen Street, Honolulu.
Particular attention paid to the Purchase and
Sale of Hawaiian Produce.
REFERS Br TERUISSIOX TO
C. A. Williams A Co., I C. Brewer A Co.,
Castle A Cooke, II. Hackfeld A Co.,
D. C. Waterman, C. L. Richards A Co.,
Dealer in Redwood and Northwest Lumber,
Shingles, Doors, Sash, Blinds, Nails,
At his Old Stand on the Esplanade. 36-ly
E. S". FIACfi,
CIVIL ENGINEER & SURVEYOR,
Address Post OrriCE Box No. 22,
28 Honolulu. Oaliu. 2m
HKS. J. II-Iil-AClC,
FORT ST., BETWEEN KING & HOTEL.
Bonnets made up and trimmed in tho latest
styles. Stamping, Braiding and Em
broidering, executed to order.
I A. SCIIAEFEK Sc. CO.,
38 Honolulu, Oaliu, II. I. ly
ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO.,
IMPORTERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
1 Honolulu, Oaliu, II. I. ly
A. S. CLEGIIOKIV,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Fire-proof Storo, corner of Queen and Kaahu-
Retail Establishment on Nuuanu Street.
THEODORE C. IIEUCK,
IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT.
1 Honolulu, Oaliu, II. I. ly
II. 1UCUFELD Sc. CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION AUUNTS.
8- Honolulu, Oaliu, S. I. ly
THE TOM MOORE TAVERN,
11V J. O'AIEEli,
Si Corner of ICIng Fort Sreeta. ly
J. D. WICKE,
Agent Tor tlie llrcmcn Hoard
All average claims against said Underwriters,
occurring in or about this Kingdom, will
havo to be certified before me. 7-ly
COMMISSION MERCHANT AND , GEN
Agent for tlie Paukaa and Amauulu
Importer of Teas and other Chinese and For
eign Goods, and Wholesale Dealer in Ha
waiian Produce, at the Fire-proof Store,
Nuuanu Street, below King. 21-ly
' K. W. ASDREWS,
Fort Street, opposite Odd Fellowi' Hall.
Aires particular attention to the repair of
Fire Arms, Sewing Machines, 4 Locks.
Draninnt -of Machinery, c, made to Order.
60- " lJ
Variety Store No. 2,
All kinds of Merchandise and Groceries.
E. r. ADA1IS. 8. C. WILDER.
AIAMS Sc. tVIEIER,
AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
27 Queen Street, Honolulu. ly
SHIPPING AND COMMISSION AGENT,
Office with E. P. Adams, Esq.,
aBEEX STREET, HONOLULU,
azrrxs st rzroaseioN to
Oen. Morgan L. mlUi,U. Messrs. C. Brewer t Co.
ion.ui. piew?. walker AUcn.
Mnurt. Illchardl 4 Co. Ic p. Adams, Veq. 11'
AFOAG Sc AClIiJCIi",
IMPORTERS, WHOLESALE AND BET ALL'
DEALERS IN GENERAL MERCHAN
DISE AND CHINA GOODS,
Fire-Proof Store In ZVuuanu Street,
.4 lllUtci ralill. Lr
C. S. BAUJTOW,
Sales-Room .on Queen Street, one door
17 from Kaaliumanu St. ly
CIIAUIVCEY C. IIKXIVETT,
DEALER IN NEWSPAPERS, MAGAZINES,
19 FOItT STItEETf HOSOLTJI,U. ly
JOIIIV II. PATY,
NOTARY PUBLIC AND COMMISSIONER
ron TnE state of California:
Office at the Baxc or Bisnop A Co.
tONTINUES TO PItACTICE AS A
Solicitor, Attorney, and Proctor in the
Supreme Court, in Law, Lquity, Admiralty,
1'roUnlo and mvorce. j-iy"
H. A. WIDEMANN,
OmCE AT THE ISTERIOE DePARTHEST.
U. A. P.'CARTFX.
C. BREWER & CO.,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION
Ilouululu, II, I.
AGENTS Of tlie Iloston and Honolulu
AGENTS For llie Makee, VnlluUu and
AGEVTS For tlie Purchase and Sale of
Jon M. Hoon, Esq New York
Chis. UaiwtaiCa. .Botton
Jis. llraitrirni, YMt u0"on
J. a Jlrxrai Co....- 1
K. S. Swai A Co fco iranclico
Cbas. W. Bboosj, q- J " My
G. IV. IVOIITON & CO.
COOPERS AND G-AUGEES,
" AT TnE NEW STAN1J
O' THE ESIIAAIE.
fiS WE ARE I'lIEPAKEU TO
at.t. woiik nvr our. iaira
At tho Shop next to the Custom House, where
we can uo found at all worKing Hours.
VE HAVE OS HAND AND FOB SALE
OIL CASKS AND BARRELS,
Of different sites, new and old, which wo will
sell at the very
LOWEST JIAIIKKT KATES.
All work dono in a thorough, manner, and
warranted to give satisfaction.
All kinds of Coopering Materials and Coopers'
Tools for Sale. I'm
J. P. HUGHES,
mporter and Manufacturer
OF ALL. KIXDS OF SADDLERY.
Carriage Trimming dono with neatness and
dispatch. All orders promptlyattendcd to.
Corner of Fort and Hotel streets, ilunoinm.
NEVILLE & BARRETT,
lanters & General Store Keepers
KEOFUKA, SOUTH KONA, HAWAII.
(Near Kealakckua Bay.)
Island produce bought, Ships supplied with
n ood, Hecr acd otner ncessanes,
Agent at Honolulu A. S. Ci.ecuobk.
M. S. GRINBAUM & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE
Dealers in Fashionable Clottiing
Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes, and every variety
of Gentlemen's supenorlurnismng gooas.
STORE IN MAKEE'S BLOCK.
10 Queen Street, Honolulu, II. I. ly
CRATER OF RTXATJEA, HAWAII.
THIS ESTABLISHMENT ISjjJJj
-now open for tho reception of visitors
to tho Volcano, who may rely on finding com
fortable rooms, a good tabic, and prompt at
tendance. Experienced guides lor the crater
always in readiness.
STEAM AND SULPHUR BATHS !
Horses Grained and Stabled if Desired.
the Volcano via Hilo. can
procuro animals warranted to make the jour
ney.Jiy D. II. Hitchcock, Esq., nilo. 37-Iy
LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT,
CUKVTEXUES tlie buKliict,H on
J his old Dlan of settling with officers and
seamen immediately on their shipping at his
office. Having no connection, either direct or
indirect, with any outfitting establishment,
and allowing no debts to.be collected at nis
office he hopes to give as good satisfaction in
the future as ho has in tho past.
.Office on Jas. Robinson A Co.'s Wharf,
near the U. S. Consulate.
Honolulu, March 27, 1507. 2-3m
P1AMOS TUTJ ED.
! PIANOS AND OTHER
Tuned and Repaired, by CHAS.
DERBY, at the Hawaiian Theatre.
Leaaons given ontlte Piano 4k Guitar.
The best of references given. 51-ly
BUSINESS N OTICES.
I u Tuniuacniu
w. . i J
on hand and for 6alc, a good
BEST EEFINED BAR IRON !
Best lilncksmith's Coal,
At the Lowest Market Prices 38-ly
ISO. kott. sak'l sott.
JOHN NOTT & CO.,
Copper & Tin Smiths,
rpAKE TLEASUKE IN ANNOUNC
JL ing to the poblio that they are prepared
to furnish all kinds of Copper Wonic. eoniuet.
mg in part, ot s-A7tS,
SOItOHAM TAXS, WOH.VS, PUMPS, i-t.
Also on hand, a full assortment of Tip:
Ware, which we offer for sale at the lowest
All Kinds of Repairing; done ivlth.
Keatneas and Dispatch.
Orders from the other Islands will meet
with prompt attention.
ivaabumana street, one door above t lit-
ncr e. 24-3m
JEWELER AND ENGRAVER
ill It. J. COSTA
Is now prepared to execute with promptness
all worit in his line or business, eucr as
Vatcli and Clock Repairing,
Shop on Fort Street, opposite Odd Fellows'
JAMES L. LEWIS,
COOPER A1V0 GAUGEH
Corner of Kong and Bethel Sts.
slock of OIL
all kinds of
COOPERING MATERIALS !
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
nc hopes, by attention to business, to merit
a continuance of the patronage which lie has
heretofore enjoyed, and for which he now re
turns Ills thanks. 24-3m
SUGAR, & MOLASSES.
-1 o n o 0.
lJii., II. i.
Sugar and ItIolahi.es.
'ROP COMING IN AND FOR SALE IN
V quantities to suit purcnacers, by
Snar and itlolasicis Crop 18C8
COMING IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTI
tics to suit purchasers, by
" WALKEIl A ALLEN,
Sugar and ?Iol:ihhcs Crop 1SU8
COJIINO IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTI
ties to suit purchasers, by
WALKER & ALLEN,
"Vf-EW CROP NOW COMING IN. FOR
JL Sale in quantities to suit purchasers,
by C. BREWER A- CO.,
lcr Crop of Sugar Ac Iolasisem
"Vf OW COJIINU IN, AND FOR SALE IN
JL quantities to suit purchasers by
C. BREWER A CO.,
BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS.
appointed ngenW for the San i rancisco
Board of Underwriters, representing the
California Insurance Company,
Merchant' Mutual Marine Ins. Co,,
Pacific Insurance Company,
California Lloyd!, and
Home Mutual Insurance Company.
Dcg IcotC to Inform Hat t ut. af Vms.1. And
the public generally, that all losses sustained
by Vessels and Cargoes, insured by either of
the above companies, against perils of the
seas and other risks, at or near the several
Sandwich Islands, tri?I flare to It verified by
2i-3m H. HACKFELD & CO.
PISE INSURANCE COMP'Y.
THE UNDEIISIGNED, HAVING
been appointed Agents of the above Com
pany, are prepared to insure risks against Fire
on Stone and Brick Buildings, and on Mer
chandise stored therein, on the most favorable
terms. For particulars apply at the office of
5-ly F. A. SCilAEFER A CO.
MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY.
OF SAIV FKAIVCISCO.
THE undersigned having been ap
pointed Agents for the above Company,
are prepared to issue policies on CabG0S,
WALKER A ALLEN,
12-6m Agents, Honolulu.
California Insurance Company.
THE Undersigned, AGESTS
of the above Company, hare been author
ised to insure risks on CARGO, FREIGHT
and TREASURE, by COASTERS, from Hono
lulu to all porta of the Hawaiian Group, aad
Tice Tersa; H. HACKFELD A CO.
; History of tlie Xamehamehas
; TnjiuiTra teok tor niwiiuK or 8. II. Kixitiu.
Keaweapala having succeeded to the King
dom of Hawaii, the chiefs as well as his
brethren lived under him. Some of the
chiefs, however, began to conspire together,
' because they considered that they were de
prived of their rights in land. These were
Kccaumoku, Keawepoepoe, and Kuraaiku
all brethren of Keawcopala. In the fight
which ensued, Kceannioku's party were dc
feated; that was known as the battle of Kal
omo Kecaumoku being unable to escape,
except by sea. A canoe came from Kckaha,
a little way to the northward of Kailua
bringing the Intelligence that Ka!aninr"
Jn Snnlli ir the purpose of
making war against Keawcopala, whereupon
Keeaumoku concluded to side with Kalani
opuu, and embarking in a canoe, he met bim
at Honomalino and there agreed that Kalani
opuu should have all his rights (Kecnumo
kn's) to the kingdom of Han-all. Kcaweo
pala having heard of the junction cf Kalanl-
opuu and Kecaumoku, made ready for the
war and proceeded to South Kona with his
chiefs and warriors. The principal lighting
took place at the hill called Pae, from there
to Kuapehu; but all the way between Keel
and Uonaunau was a battle ground. The
ground is a very uneven and rocky one,
full of boles and cut up with ravines suita
ble, however, to those skilled la tho ancient
style of warfare in Hawaii.
The fighting lasted for a long time, with
the advantage eametimes on one side and
sometimes on the other. Kalanlopuu had a
priest named Holcae, who said to his chief
that the only way to get Keawcopala killed
was first to procure the death of his priest,
Kaakau by name. So In accordance with
this advice, Kaakau was caught and cruelly
put to death. W hethcr it was owing to this
that hJUaniopuu succeeded In his enterprise,
the historian docs not say, but we are led to
Infer so from what follows.
It was in the year 1754 that Kalatiopun be
came king of the entire Island ot Hawaii
He was the son of tho King of Kan. and his
grandfather was king of tho -whole island of
Hawaii, nis mother was Kamakalnoku.
Upon coming into the kingdom, the new
king proceeded to arrange his go'ernmcnt
by fixed rules. He appointed ccrttin chiefs
as governors for tho different districts; to
others ho gave the"chargc of dlriilons and
ahapnaas of land, and to others igain, the
smaller subdivisions so divldinj up the
lands among his chiefs and warricrs. The
business of canoe-building, and thit of fish
ing, was also preserved distinct. He also
set apart the classes of persons known as
kalaolelos, (counsellors) lcilot, (prophets) and
thoRfl mua in m.ii.-iconnccica wnn
the ancient heiaus, or templts. One of the
principal counsellors was Ki'ioo, and others
associated with him, named Kaaloa, Kapa
Iaoa, and Pnnone.
Kalanlopuu was a wise klnj, and also very
much skilled in theathletic arte of wrestling,
boxing, etc. But his great fault was that he
was prone to war, fond of display, and did
not pay much respect to tlje rights of others
in regard to lands. This led Mm to make a
raid on JIani, in the year 1759, when he took
possession of the districts of Hana and Kipa
hnlu, and appointed a chief Earned Puna as
governor, who was Kalaniopnu's kahu, and
a skilled warrior as well as a wise counsellor.
After Kalanlopuu returned to Hawaii from
his conquest of EastMaul, Knmchamcha Nuf
made war upon Puna, the King of Hawaii's
goTcrnor.whom ho had left In charge of
East Maui. Kamehameha Nui was assisted
by the chiefs of Molokai and Lanal in this
war, which goes by the name of Kapallpllo,
owing to the large number of chiefs and war
riors' engaged in it. There was a strong
fastnees called Kauwlki, built of Obla logs
and other woods, which had been famed
from ancient times as an impregnable place.
As the materials for this place were brought
from different localities that were noted for
one or another circumstance In the history
of the people, so It became to be valuable in
the eyes of the chiefs. And liana has always
been regarded with peculiar affection by the
chiefs, on account of this noted fort, and also
on account of the salubrity of its climate.
This war lasted a long time between Ka
mehamcba Nui and the chiefs of Hawaii. In
one of the battles there came a ciiief of Molo
kai and took part, nis name was Kaohele,
and he was said to be a most extraordinarily
expert warrior, quick as to running, and
very strong physically. He would allow a
man to get on top of him be nndcrucatb
and then, in a little or no time, he would
tear his antagonist in pieces ; such was his
Btrengxn ana agility.
But on the side of the chiefs of Hawaii
there was also a celebrated warrior celebra
ted for bis agility and strength named Ka
makakaukil, ho was said to be the fastest
and most enduring runner ever known, and
the most skillful in throwing the spear. It
is related of him that such was his quickness,
that he could catch birds before they bad
time to take wing.
These two met at the battle of Makaolchua,
and the champion of Hawaii, Kamaka, had
the first trial of attempting to pierce his an
tagonist with a spear. The Molokai cham
pion said to him of Hawaii at the commence
ment of this duel: "Break off the end of
your spear, Kamaka." "No," said the oth
er, "I shall not do so for you." The reason
why Kaohele made that remark was, that he
felt a regard for Kamaka they having been
children together on Molokai. But Kamaka
appeared to have forgotten this, and his
mind was set on war.
The Hawaii champion exhausted all his
death-dealing weapons on him of Molokai;
fast and furious they came, like falling leaves
of the ohla or the bala, thick as the autum
nal leaves that strew the brooks in Vallam
brosa. or like the drops of rain, when a
shower comes on. Kaohele, however, wa
not touched by any of these weapons. He
bad besides, a breastwork or defense from
the spears and other missies. When these
were all exhausted, Kaohele said to his an
tagonist: "Tomorrow, my god shall eat
yon." It may be mentioned here, that the
chiefs In olden times and even their descend
ants of tho present day were remarkably
expert in the spear exercise. Some now liv
ing, septuagenarians, have not forgot ton
The next day the champion of Hawaii did
not go Into the general battle, but remained
In the reserve. Kaohele, however, was
watching him, and In order to bring him to
action, he sprang into the midst of the en
gagement,' where the fighting was fiercest
To a warrior like him, the attempts of ordl
nary men were quite futile; every one tried
to strike him in vain ; the showers of spears
that were sent at him were as harmless to
him as the showers tbat come from the clouds.
He fairly bathed in weapons. As fast as a
spear was thrown at him be would catch It,
ana uuiuiugiL in reserve, cimer on ine ngu
or left side, It wbb made a bulwark of defense,
In that battle, the soldiers of Hawaii were so
badly nscd that they became like 3 whirl
wind, rushing first and way and then anoth
er, and Kaohele following them up. On this
occasion Kaohele killed Kamakaukil, having
beaten him In a chase, and overtaking him
thrust him through with a spear.
However, Hona remained an appenage to
the kingdom of Hawaii, because Kameha
meha Nui gave up the war.
A chief named Mabihclclima came from
Hawaii and landed on East Maui, and observ
ing that Puna was governor of that place,
set his wits to work to get it for himself.
He said to Puna: "I have been sent hero by
Kalaniopuu from Hawaii to relieve you from
the charge of this district, because he wishes
to have some secret talk with you ; I am to
ramain in charge of the fort until you re
turn." Puna took these words to be true, as
coming from his keiki, the king, and left for
nawaii, leaving Hana in charge of Mablhelc-
lima. And so the latter got possession of
Uana and Kipahulu. Those lands however,
belonged to his family by descent. But the
remark was made by Kalanlopuu: "Tho
roost prepared for the cock has been usurped
by the hen. I did notend for you to return
Kamehameha Nui reigned twenty-pine
years king of Maui. He had numerous wives
and children, but the kingdom did not de
scend to any of his own children. In making
his circuit of Maui, when he arrived at Ka
vvaipapa, he was attacked with sickness. At
Kabalahill, in the district of Hana, he said
his wish was, that Kaheklli should be bis
successor In the kingdom- nc died at Hama
kualoa, but his remains were afterwards con
veyed to Moaloa, on Molakai. The charac
ter of Kamehameha Nui, as preserved In tra
ditions, Is that of a kind king, in favor of
peace. It is not said of him that he got up
war expeditions against any of the other
Tn lhavear 17f.fi nVhlkill became KiniT Of
the Island of Maui. Ho tv nofori for .his
fondness for sports such as jumping from
precipices Into the sea. Ho was known to
have Jumped from a height of. no less than
three hundred and sixty feet, and sometimes
four hundred. The places from whence ho
made bis leaps are still pointed out on Maul.
He was fond of the art of tatooing, and
half his body, from head to foot, was mark
ed with different characters. He was of a
weak voice, and after he became king desert
ed the Bocicty of women and lived a seclu
ded life on tho hills. He was King of Manl
twenty-seven years, and seven years he reign
ed over Oahu.
During this time, Pelcioholanl, tho King
of Oahu, (formerly King of Kauai in this
history) had taken possession of Molokai,
and about this period, that Is to say from
1730 to 17C0, there were numerous wars and
small fights between the chiefs.
Kaheklli of Maul, and Keeaumoku of Ha
waii, were at war constantly. There are
many Interesting stories related concerning
tho wars how they were commenced on
very frivolous grounds, and also how they
were ended without any results. Sometimes
a little dispute between relatives about fish
ing rights would result In what they called
war, (kaua) and for months together, In
whole districts, the ordinary pursuits of life
would bo suspended.
While Kecaumoku was at liana, on Maui,
carrying on war with the Kchlklli, the cele
brated Kaahnmanu was born there she
whose name is so intimately connected with
the history of the Kamebamehas. Hereafter,
in the course of this history, she will be fre
quently mentioned In connection with the
names of Kamehameha 1st, 2nd, and 3d.
To be continued.'
TnE Oniom of Womas. Ladiesdoubtless
-will feel Interested in the following account
of their origin, uacn r,oiu a Madagascar
The Inhabitants of Madagascar have a
strange myth touching the origin of woman.
They say that the first man was created of
the dust .of the earth, and was placed in a
garden where he was subject to none of the
Ills which now afflict mortality; he was also
free from all bodily appetites, and though
surrounded by delicious fruits and limpid
streams, yet he felt no desire to taste of the
fruits or quaff the water. The Creator had,
moreover, very strictly forbidden him cither
to cat or drink. The great enemy, however,
came to him, and painted to bim In glowing
colors the sweetness of the apple, the lns
ciousness of the date, and the succulence of
the orange. In vain; the first man remem
bered the command laid upon him by his
Maker. Then the fiend assumed the appear
ance of an effulgent spirit, and pretended to
be a messenger from heaven, commanding
him to eat and drink. The man at once obeyed-
Shortly after a pimple appeared on his
leg; the spot enlarged into a tumor, which
increased in size and caused him considera
ble annoyance. At the end of six months it
buret, and there emerged from the limb a
beautiful girt. The father of all living turn
ed her this way and that way, sorely perplex
ed and uncertain whether to pitch her into
the water or give her to the pigs, when a
messenger from heaven appeared and told
bim to let her run about the garden till she
was of marriageable age, and then to take
her to himself as a wife. He obeyed. He
called her Bahouna, and she became the
mother of all races of men.
For being badly shaken np In an accident
on the Northeastern Railroad, in England,
Mr. Samuel Buxton sued for damages, re
ceived on three. accounts: 1st, for business
losses; 2d, for structural sufferings; and 3d,
for agony endured In anticipation ofan un
timely end. He got 800 sterling.
Prince Ar "gn has composed a waltz.
The American Natcbauzatioh Triatt
wnn Bavakia. The following Is a free tran
slation from the German of the text of the
naturalization treaty recently concluded be
tween Bavaria and tbe United States:.
Article L Subjects of the Kingdom of
isavariawno nave become naturalized citi
zens of the United Slates of North America
and have unlnterruDtedlr lived durinir Ore
ycarsMn the United States are to be consider
ed as American citizens and accordingly
treated by Bavaria. Likewise shall the sub
jects or tbe United States of America who
have become naturalized citizens of Bavaria
be considered as subjects of Bavaria and bo
treated as such by the United States. The
mere declaration of Intention to become a
citizens of one or the other State shall have
no effect of naturalization with respect to
one or the other State.
Art. 2. Any naturalized citizens of one
State may be indicted and punished after
returning into the territory of the other
Diaic u ue wis commuted any act threatened
with punishment before his emigration, pro
viding the crime has not become obsolete
according tho laws of his original conntrr.
ait. Q. lucrnclj- b,Mn th. .Kingdom
of Bavaria aa one rjart. and the United Siatea
as the other part, concluded on the 12th of
Bcptemuer, ltoa, respecting the extradition
oi jugiuve criminals, to do granted In certain
cases, shall continue unchanged.
Art. 4. If a Bavarian, naturalized in America,
takes up his residence in Bavaria wlthnnt
intending to return to America he is to be
UBnsidered as renouncing bis naturalization
in the United States, Likewise an American
naturalized In Bavaria Is to be considered as
renouncing his naturalization if ha ni-nln
settles in the United States without intend
ing to return to Bavaria. Tho renunciation
may be considered as valid if the naturalized
citizen of one State lives for more than two
years in the territory of the other State.
Art ! Th nrH.nl (ml. illl V. 1 1 .1
immediately alter the exchange of ratifica
tions and will be valid for ten vears. If onu
party fails to announce the Intention to re
peal it within six months prior to its expira
tion it shall remain In force until the expira
tion of twelve months after the time that
one of the contractinir turtles irive nntlr-n
to the other party of Intention to repeat
Art. C. The present treaty shall be ratified
by his Majesty tbe King of Bavaria and the
President of the United States, and tho ratifi
cation shall be exchanged at Munich within
twelve months from this date (May 2Cth.
A Military Spectacle m Hnvr Thn
Roman correspondent of the Ihtt Jall fla.
zette writes: " On the 2d inst., the Pope paid
a visit to his army on the plateau of Monte
Cave, arriving atRocca di Papa, In a carriage
at eight o'clock in tho morning. As his
Holiness entered the camn. rn!n Ivran n
fall, and was driven on by furious gusts of
wiuu, huicu rose to a storm wuen the llolv
Father reached the temporary chapel, erect
ed at great cost. In the midst of the ramn.
In this fabric the troops assembled to hear
the Pope say mass, which he accomplished
under great difficulties, for at that elevation
the-air was extremely cold, obliging him to
..-.w v, ut ,m icuc, tap, anu. db
the rain pierced the roof of the chapel, a red
umbrella was held over his head. The white
linen for the altar was retained in its place by
tbe weight of bullets, and the Host wna
placed under a class -clock-shade, to nrevent
its being carried away by tbe tempest. In
spite of these discomforts tho Holy Father
went through all tho servico of tho mass
with his usual deliberation. Tho troops
then gathered In the middle of the camp,
where the 1'odc mounted a scaffold, anil re
gardless of wind and rain, bestowed upon
them his solemn benediction. Gen. Kanz
ler wished him to wait for tho troops to
-i- r , ' xi.u.u. .... ioo fii.j.
,,no' """" - "'-J, fntpnrilncr tn notnrnTtltah
the descent from the mountain In a litter.
This operation, however, proved even more
fruitful ol discomfort than tbe celebration of
mass in the camp chapel, and the cover of
the litter so cramped tuc knees or tbe Holy
Father that he insisted on alighting. But
ho found It equally painful to walk, as tho
ground was sodden with rain, and the mud
ankle deep; and he could only proceed by
catching at the rifles of tho soldiers who
lined the way. Finally, the jaded Pontiff
reached bis carriage, and was conveyed to
Grottofcrrata. This journey, which has been
true martyrdom for tbe old man. and has
already produced a bad effect on his health,
is said to have cost, inall its accompaniments,
CO.OOOf. Fortunately, tho Italian Government
has just paid Into the Pontificlal exchequer
3,000,000f., and promises another instalment
of its debt next week.
What is a Tear? The principal clement
of a tear is water; this water, upon dissolu
tion, contains a few hundredth parts of the
snbstanco called mucus, and a small portion
of salt, of soda, of phosphate o'f lime, and of
phosphate of soda. It is the salt and the
soda that give to tears that peculiar savdr
which earned for tears tbe pecnllar epithet
of "salt" at the hands of Greek poets, and
that of "hitter" at that of ours. "Salt" is,
however, the more correct term of the two.
When a tear dries, the water evaporates and
leaves behind it a deposit of the saline in
gredients; these amalgamate, and as seen
through the microscope, array themselves
along crossed lines, which look like diminu
tive fish-bones. Tears are secreted by a plan d
called the "lacbrymlcal gland," which is sit
uated above the eye-ball, and underneath tbe
upper-lid on tbe side nearest the temple. Six
or seven exceedingly fine channels flow from
it on tbe under scrface of tbe cyc-lld, dis
charging their contents a little above the del
icate cartllege which supports the lid. It is
these channels or canals tbat carry the tears
into tbe eye. But tears do not flow only at
certain moments and under certain circum
stances, as might be supposed; tbeir flow Is
contlnnous; all day and all night, althongh
less abundantly dnring sleep; they tricklo
softlv from their tender slnlces. and sorcad
glistening aver the surface of the pupil and
eyeball, giving them that bright enamel and
limpid look which is one of the characteris
tic signs oi ncaiia. u is tne ceaseless move
ment and contraction of the eyelids tbat
effect mo itguii sLMcodiu;- uf the tears, and
tbe flow of these has need to do constant
ly renewed in tbe way just mentioned, be
cause tears not onlv evanorate after a few
seconds, but also arc carried away through
two little drains called "lachrymal points,"
and situated In the corner of tho eye near
tne nose, inns, ail tears, after leaving tne
eyelids, flow Into the nostrils, and if the read
er will assure himself of this, he has only to
notice, unpoetic as the fact may be, that a
person after crying much Is always obliged
to make a two-fold use of his or her pocket
handkerchief. Chamberi Journal.
New Sotrrn Wales. Svdnev correspon
dence of the Panama Star says :
We may thank Captain Freeman, of the
American ship Gentoo, for almost tho only
exciting episode in the history of the past
moniu, ana, nae many otner persons on
whom importance has been thrust by being
made the subject of official corespondence,
this worthy skipper is certain to be beard of
again. Tbe event may be thus briefly nar
rate'd: On the lGth ulL, tbe Gentoo was
leaving this port for San Francisco with a
large number of passengers, amongst whom
was a person named McBride, for whom a
warrant was issued, charging bim with de
frauding his creditors. Two detectives and
another police officer went on board to exe
cute the warrant, and cxhiDited tbeir au
thority to the Captain, who, it seems, was
determined that the man shonldnotbe taken
out of the ship, and, aided by some of the
passengers, forced the officers ont of tbo
vessel and proceeded to sea. The matter
was at once laid before the Government.
Captain Bradford, of tbe American ship Cru
tader, who was nn board the Gentoo when
the occurrent f ok place, has since been
committed for trial for obstructing the
police in the execution of their duty.
A rsiSET old Florentine, named Caval
chlnle, has Just made a journey to Paris, at
the age of 117.
General. Lee ia a delerate to thn Vlrrtata
Episcopal Convention. v
When a Is hen most likelv tn batch t
When she is tn earnest (her nest.)
Marvin T. Head Is said to be one of th
meanest men in Chicago. His enemies Ibts
rlably write his name aM. T. Head."
JoriN Rcihardsj. of Durham. Maine, died
recently at tbe advanced age of 100 rears. 9l
months and S days. He was one of the
earliest settlers In that part of the State.
The Tale Qntrant proposes that the stu
dents who frradnated under the late ProMnt
Day, should contribute one dollar each to
erect a suitable monument to him on tho
v D-- r ir . , -n 1 1 1. r
iutni, ui .Muuirciu. naaiciL wiiu icn
provisions, last fall, to take care of a light
house on one of the Islands of Lake Supe
rior. The settlnir. in of winter prevented a
visit to him afterwards, and he e tarred to
TnE equipage of CoL T. B. Lawrence.
rvinanl-Oenernl of the United States for. tha
Kingdom of Italy, at the recent Corso dl
Gala held in Florence, surpassed in, defiance
and good taste any of the tarn-outs of tho
A full-length- engraved portrait of Queen
Elizabeth, in state dress, by William Rogers,
a contemporary artist, no other Impression
of which Is known to exist, has been discov
ered In England.
A returned Caltforniah found the babr
he bad left at home a mtss of five summers.
One day he offended her, when she irefully
exclaimed: "I wish you had never married
into tbe family 1"
Tub Supreme Government of Pern has or
dered that from next autumn the consignees
ol guano increase by ten shillings the pries
of each effective ton of cuano tbat thev sell
Itf"their respective deposits.
Troubles Never come Sinolt. An hon- -
est old lady in the country, when told of her
husband's death, exclaimed" Well, I do de- '
clarc, our troubles never come alone t. It
ain't a week since I lost my best hen, and'
now Mr H has gone, too, poor manl
Subscriptions to tho Alfred Memorial
Fund have swelled the amount already receiv
ed to nearly 20,000,and it is Intended at once
to commence the erection of the hoanlta!.
Another circumstance in connection with
the Prince's visit has been the enrollment
pf a Scotch brigade of volunteers, to be call
ed " Tbe Duke of Edloburgh's Own." . '
The London correspondent of the New
York Tribune savs a serious accident befell
Swinburne, the poet, on July 10th, la the
reading-room of the British Museum. The ,
poet was busy at one of tho desks when ha
was seized with a convulsion, was thrown
br it to the floor, and stiikincr his head
against an iron staple, received a blow that
nearly fractured the skulL The violence of
the fit was so great tbat even after the blow
he had to be held down on the floor for some
The Bishop of Anrvle tells several stories
about the churches In the western Highlands
of Scotland. Ho was latelr compelled to
remove from one of tbe churches in his
diocese, one of the illuminated texts:
" Drluk, uud let the camels drink: also." It
was originally Intended to be a precept to
inculcate kindness to animals; but the
coplc. who had very slight knowledge of
Inirllsd. interpreted ft to he's permission at
least to indulge in liquor, and allow their
old enemies on the other side of tho hills,
the Campbells, to refresh themselves in the
Blackwood, the Scotch publisher, brings
out a Tuiuiue of songs by Lord Neavs, an
eminent Judge of the northern Kingdom,
Tpnl nfrnlnftt thnnew"
scientific world. Mr. Darwin's theory of
the origin of species by natural selection Is
made thus to explain Itself:
A deer with the neck tbat was longer by half
Thua tbe rest of Us 'amity's (try not to Uu3h)
By stretching and stretching became a giraffe.
Which nobody can deny.
A very tall plgwlth a very long nose,
Sends forth a proboscis qnite down to his toes.
And be then by tbe name or an elephant roef ,
Which nobody can deny.
An ape with a pliable thumb and big brain.
When the gift of the gab he bad managed to gala,
- As a lord of Creation eitabllsheil his reign,
Which nobody can deny.
Icebergs in the Atlantic The New
York Sun says :
Vessels arriving at this port during the
past few days all report an unusual number
of iccburgs In tho Atlantic Ocean. Tbe
steamer Atlanta encountered twenty-five In a
single day, and had her voyage considerably
lengthened by the slow rate of speed she
was compelled to adopt to avoid dangerous
collisions. It has been suggested that the
coldness of tbo temperature produced la the
atmosphere of the ocean by these Arctic
visitors Is the causo of tho excessive rains
wo have- been having daring the past few"
weeks; and there Is something plausible In
tbe Idea. Tbe cold blasts from the sea,
meeting the warm, damp air which floats
over tbe land, must of course condense It,
and cause It to deposit Us moisture. Bat
why there should be so much Ice this season
is a subject for still further inquiry. Tho
ship Adolphlne, at New York, from Bremen,
reports passing, on the 6th of June, Immense
fields of ice, soma of them being at least two
hundred feet high. She had to go many
miles out of her course to avoid them.
Ox May 1st, Mr. William Murrv Drum- .
mond. Police Magistrate of Daylesford Vic
toria, died from the effects of a bite by a
tiger snake. He allowed himself to be bitten
by the reptile In order to test the efficiency
of an antidote which a man named Shires
protested to hare discovered. Shires has
been committed for manslaughter.
The return of tho Registrar-General of Vic
toria, recently published, shows that In the
first quarter of 1SG3 there were 3.227 males
and 3,137 females born In the colony; and
that 5,973 males and 2,435 females arrived In
it by sea. Of tbe males, 1,601 and of tbe fe
males, 1.179 died; and 5,527 males and 1,783
fcmaloi left tbe colony by water. The total
increase of population for tbe quarter was
3,G83 and the estimated population of the
colony on the 31st of March was CO1.570 per
sons. From January 1st to May 16th, theralae
of Imports amounted to 4,403,570 against
4,79j,578 during the same period last year.
The exports during tho same periods 1867,
4,631,858; 1868 5,972,834.
The Conttituyentthis the following cari
ous paragraph relative to tbe Chilian coloay
of Magelfanes: 1 .
"Persons supposed to be well Informed
assure us tbat the government, so solicitous
of immigration, and zealous for tbe colonisa
tion of tbe territories of Arauco and Ma
gellan's, Is on the point of concluding, or
has already concluded with thegoTernment of
II. M. the King of Italy, an agreement that
tbe King of Italy will furnish as many emi
grants aa many be desired for the Straits
colony, and will pay half the cost of their
passage, tbe Chilian Government psorldlng
the rest. Up to tbl point tbe agreement is
excellent since we shall obtain an immigra
tion sufficiently cheap; but tbe stsond part
Is not quite so satisfactory the' class of
subjects of which King Victor Emanuel
wishes to rid himself. It Is well kaawa
tbat on the Italian frontiers the royal array
or at leasts portion has been occupied
for sometime back in combating the brfajsBi
dage fomented from tbe Farnete Palace try
tbe ex-King of Naples, la agreement, H k
said, with tbe Holy Father, who employs la
that object a good portion of the taoeey
called St. Peteps pence. Well, the Italian
army frequently makes Bsrsercms prfsoeera
among these gangs, who fight for God ssd.
their Tcing, and which' -constantly infest
Calabria, the Abroad and other places of bo
very honest fame: and of these prieooers,
with whom the King knows not what fee de,
our Government wishes to avail the aw elves,
according to rumor, la order tost Msgefise'a
may flourish, rflarT84oary. -