Newspaper Page Text
J. M0TT SMITH,
Director of the Government Press.
WEDNKSDAT. SEPT. 1C, 18C3.
To Roiziit O. Dans, Esq., and Richakd II.
Starlet, Esq., Greeting:
Whereat, by An Act to compile and pub
lish the Penal Lairs of the Kingdom, both in
the Hawaiian and English languages," ap
.prored 22d of Jane, A. D. 1863, the Judges of
the Supreme Court are directed to cause to bo
compiled, ready for publication in both tbe
Hawaiian and English languages, the Penal
Laws of the Kingdom which may be in force
at toe termination or tbe Legislative Assem
bly of 186S.
We hiring full confidence in yonr skill and
ability to make the compilation of Penal Laws
above directed to be made, do hereby commit
ion you jointly to compile ready for publica
tion the Penal Laws as herein directed, and to
fobmit the same to us for examination, and
being approved, you are further charged with
tbe duty of reading and correcting the proofs
of the printer, in both Hawaiian and.English.
And for what you may do in these premises,
this shall be your sufficient authority.
rf?;,..,n Elisha H. Alley,
S.ct-MJ James W.Acstis.
Official information has been received at
this department that during the temporary
absence of Elias Perkins, Esq., from Labaina,
Wm. O. Needham, Esq., has been duly ap
pointed Acting Vice Consul of the United
States for that port. He will be respected
Signed Stepbex II. Phillips,
Minliter of Foreign Affairs, ad interim.
Honolulu, Sept. 7, 1608. J
Official information has been received at
this department that Colonel Z. S. Spalding,
who was appointed Acting Consul of the Uni
- ted States for the port of Honolulu, has left
this Kingdom, and that Elias Perkins, Esq.,
Consul of tbe United States for the port of
Lahaina, has been appointed Acting Consul
for the port of Honolulu. To the official acts
and doings of Air. Perkins in his aforesaid ca
pacity of Acting Consul, full and exclusive
.faith and credit will be given until further
' f notice.
Signed Stephex n. PniLLirs,
Minister of Foreign Affairs, ad interim.
. DlPARTurjrT or FoarjG .Armas,
Honolulu, September 1, ISO. J
" Vessel Wanted.
By authority of the Board of Immigration,
the undersigned solicits proposals for fur
Schooner or Other Vessel,
Of sufficient capacity to accommodate at least
Forty Immigrant Pasiicngcni,
Such Tessel will be required to proceed to the
GILBERT AXD CAROLINE ISLANDS
And such other points as may be designated
by the Board, or the Agent who may be se
lected, to take charge of the enterprise.
rilOPOSAXS will Le received until the
rirst Day of September next.
Fnrther information may bo obtained by
Fkrd. W. HnTmisox,
' Bureau of Immigration. 1 President.
August 20th, 1803. J
List of Tax-Collectors
Appointed Tor 1S08.
Honolulu 0 n Luce
Ewa and Waianae.........J W Keawehunahala
Waialua W C Lane
ir i i. - "
Lahaina r.....Peter II Treadway
Wailuku H Kuihelani
Makawao . .. J Keohokaua
Hana........... . T C Forsyth
Molokai and Lanai D Kaopeahinn
Hilo.... o W Akao Hapai
Hamikua . jj K Kaunamano
North Kohala W Merseburg
South Kobala H Cooper
North Kona J O Iloapili
South Kona M K Kamauoha
Kau ; L E Swain
Pma S B Puamana
Hanalei Sam'l Wilcox
Anaholo S Kamabalo
iihue T II Marshall
Koloa W o Smith
Wainiea J H Kapuniai
Niihau..... Frank Sinclair
By order of the Acting Mloistar of Finauce,
His Hiobxess M. Kekuanaoa shows no
.marked symptoms of improvement. Daily
consultations of physicians have been held
at his bedside, but they can give no great
hopes, as yet, of his recovery.
Wsare not disposed to -dispute with
our neighbors upou the definition of terras,
and therefore, bo long as the'applicatlon of
the word coolie to our Chinese immigrants
is conceded to mean voluntary laborers, as
"they really are, the use of the term will
not falsify facts. It will be contrary to
individual as well as national freedom of
action if the proposition is erected into a
principle that labor may not be sought
anywhere by those needing it, in a fair and
honorable way; without such efforts being
.condemned as immoral and contrary to the
spirit of the.age.
Cheap labor is the great necessity with
our agriculturalists labor i at such wages
and In such available shape as may enable
them to place their sugar, rice and other
products upon " tho market at a cost that
shall give a margin for profit. The market
price is tho Procrustean bed to which we
must fit all our enterprises. The general
opinion of our planters is, that the Chinese,
for cheapness, facility in being procured,
and efficiency in doing the work required,
are tbe best immigrants that have so far
been introduced. They meet the labor
question In its simplest and most economi
cal bearings. Financially, we need seek
There are other questions growing out
of the effects, influences and results that
arise from be introduction of the Chinese
in large numbers, that may well engage our
attention And awaken our thoughtful con
sideration as Hawaiians, but tbe contin
ued importations of them is not as yet
necessary, and it will be time enough to
'meet these complications when they arise.
There cannot be the least objection to
any planter or private gentleman introdu
cing Europeans under "contracts to serve
three or fire yean, and at the end of that
time to locate on or near plantations and
raise cane on shares." (Is not this
European coolieism ? Such a result is
exceedingly desirable, and though beyond
the power of the government to accom
plish, can perhaps be brought about by
private enterprise. "We should ba glad to
see starving Swede3 and Polish-Prussians,
in large numbers, locating on these islands,,
and content to take to rude labor and small
pay. Oar nationar prosperity would there
by receive an impetus that would make
world-wide our reputation for Bmartnees.
Neither is there the least objection to in
duce them to come by the offer of lands
and small farms. The islands are specially
created with reference to small farms, and
the population, for buying the products of
such farms. tVe all know that kind of
farming has always met with eminent suc
cess. The region from UlupalakUa to
Kaupo, on Maui, may be admirably parcel
led out in small farms, and the European
laborer, if not satisfied with one might
have two offered him.
Fortunately or unfortunately, the arable
lands in this kingdom are not capable of
division into small farms that can be work
ed "as such to profit. Some of the larger
sugar estates, if prosperity attends their
future operations, might with advantage to
the national wealth be divided, while there
are many Bmall lamia thi to jt
sugar or rice that only await an assured
reward for their cultivation to find men
willing to work them. Several such small,
estates are already in cultivation, and we
believe it is through such as these that the
great increase of our sugar product miet
arise. But every such one started, how
ever hard working and industrious its own
ers may be, labors under the same disad
vantage that the larger ones encounter a
scarcity of cheap labor. The European,
out of his contract and on his little farm
would call as lustily for Hawaiian or Chi
nese laborers as his more pretentious neigh
bor. Is it possible that be might influence
some of his friends at home to come out
and be laborer in turn for him ?
Foreigners by almost every packet leave
these islands who are not above rude labor
at home will work on farms for small
wages or a bare subsistence, but they can
not afford to work, and they will not work
at the wages our agriculturalists can pay.
Eight or ten dollars per month will not
keep a meat-eating, woolen-dressed Euro
pean. The cost of living for him in this
country is much above such wages, even
were he content to work in the field with
thS'Iaborers now employed there. Such
foreigners look about, nnd finding no
chances. leave for other parts of the world.
We are having a constant stream of this
free immigration, anil we need hardly send
a Commissioner to Europe to inaugurate
another, unless we cau- either reduce the
cost of living or ihcreaso the rates of
wages. The Reciprocity Treaty would
meet both of these conditions, and by rea
son of this, it is believed by its supporters
to be desirable to tho increase of our pros
perity. The Government, believing that
8ucli results will roiIOW. npnpfiMal nlitn tn
Hawaiian and foreigner, have stea'dily and
sincerely, since its ratification here, press
ed it, by its Envoy there, upon the Senate
If this treaty falls to the ground, no
better one will ever be negotiated. We
may have to regret its failure, but such an
issue will be more detrimental to individ
ual interests than the general welfare.
The Labor luctIon.
Mb. Editor: To tbe Planters and others
interested in the development of agriculture
on these islands, and its concomitant, the
labor question, It is amusing, if not surpris
ing to witness the erratic course of your con
temporary journal, the Advertiser.
The down-right practical men 'among us
who have experience In the matter of labor
ers, and who also are cognlzent of the schemes
and flights as set forth In that journal from
time to time during a long period, make
charitable allowance for them, as comlngfrom
alivelyimaginatiun, although not a thorough
ly practical or reliable one and therefore,
many of its views which are set forth pass
away "likethe Idle wind which Is heeded
Having a personal Interest In the labor ques
tion, I have given some attention to the late
articles on the subject that have appeared In
the journals of your city, as also to former
articles that have treated on the topic, and I
cannot but attest to the general correctness
ofyourobservations relative thereto as Riven
in your last issues.
As a matter ofcurioslty, some of the views
that the Advertiser has given to the public
may be recalled and compared with its pres
ent expressions. In the year 1867, In an ar
ticle on the "Labor Question," the following
may be found: "We Tiave got enough of
Chinese." " Wethink tbe case clearly stated
In this article, showing that any further im
portation of coolies Is unwise." "The his
tory of our plantations and uf our courts of
Justice all co to show that our coolie laborers
are of the louxtt and most depraved class of
humanity, but little elevated above the brute
creation." "These coolies are Imported
solely for laborers, and unless they show a
disposition to follow an honest calling, tbey
should be compelled to continue In the ser
vice they enlisted iu." "A law will bere
qulred.compclling tbcm to re-engage In ser
vice for a term of years, or to return to their
own country, or to enter the government
pnbltc service." " The faithful labor of one
northern European will produce more in one
day than tbe labor of five coolies, and save
the expense of a Held driver or overseer."
Now, in a late article in said paper on tbe
"cooliu system," we read: "No reasonable
man objects to the introduction of emigrants
from China, Japan or elsewhere." "We
need laborers, we mutt have them from China,
from Japan, from wherever they will come."
It now seems apparent that our would-be
guide, the Advertiser, which oneyear instructs
that "a law will be required compelling
them," does tbe next Tear, when a law is
made bearing upon their case, turn about and
rebel against Its own sage advice I and sug
gests the Issuing of writs of habeas corpus In
behalf of these coolies that every one of them
may secure personal liberty. Tbe thanks of
"pettyfogging lawyers" will be due to the
Advertiser for its Index of direction forbusi
ness In their line whatever the planters and
others may think of the suggestion I
The history of some of our plantations
the present year show conclusively, that
many of these same coolies " but little eleva
ted above tbe brute creation" have been gath
ered Into schools for religions instruction,
and have made progress under the benevo
lent efforts of Christian masters and over
seers. The'Press reports that only the last
month, one who was Imported a coolie hav
ing been deemed a thoroughly worthy Chris
tian and competent man, received appoint
ment under tbe nnspices of a Hawaiian
Christian organization as a teacher and preach
er to his fellow countrymen on tbe plants
lions, and we doubt not, he will receive all
encouragement from our worthy and well
disposed planters and masters of Chinese
coolies. And this is the class "whom no ef
forts can christianize or civilize!"
"0 consistency thou Jewell"
Tour correspondent has bad experience in
their capacity as laborers on these islands,
with the Swede, the German, English, Irish,
"the Irrepressible Yankee," Negroes, Ka
naka and Coolie, nnd can affirm, that with
good treatment and good wages, great shirks
and good working men will be found among
each class; and that the view put forth that
"the labor of one northern European will
produce more in one day than -the labor of
five coolies," is a delusion which will "van
ish In thin air" when the one Is "pitted"
Kuiusi. mo nve unoer equal conditions.
This Is not said with tho design of detract
ing from tbe good qualities of tbe northern
European laboring class or any other. By all
means let tbcm be tried, and the Southern
Polynesian islanders also.
The coolies of tbe Eastfleld Importation, a
lot ol which the writer has good acquaint
ancc, are a manageable and efficient set of
laborers, giving prime satisfaction, and are
regarded preferable to Hawailans, and in our
views, verify tbe report of Dr. Hillcbrand,
that tbe Chinese coolies of all the Asiatic
races available, possess the best physical ca
pacity for labor.
The laborjiucstion Is truly one of niomcn-
tuous Importance to this nation, and tbe
Board of Immigration have a most responsi
ble, and as is witnessed, a most thankless
task in any effort to .supply tbe clamorous
demand for laborers.
Dissolution of tlic Finn of J,
ICobiiiKou & Co.
The oldest firm iu Honolulu, that of James
Robinson & Co., was last Saturday dissolved
by the death of Robert G. Lawrence, one of
its two original members. It was com
menced In 1822, and -tbe shipyard located on
tht point (Pakaka) in 1827, where by patient
industry, close application to business, and
prudent management of their affairs, the firm
has accumulated wealth and grown aged nlth
the flight of years. Mr. R. W. Holt was for
many years a partber. He died In 1801, leav
ing a large estate to his family.
me commencement of this II rm was
through a common friendship aud a common
misfortune the result of one of those acci
dents which give a turn to human life, and
wholly divert it from its former course. In
1821, Mr. Robinson and Mr. Lawrence, both
young men, left England to seek their for
tunes in the distant and then imperfectly
known Pacific Ocean. They sailed In the
Hermes, reaching Honolulu In the spring of
1822. The Japan whallnir-irronnd lmvlmr
luen jn.t brought into notice, the Hermes,
together with tbe British ship Jtari, started
the same day from this port to cruise there.
Twenty days out, on the same night," both
vessels ran upon an unknown reef and were
totally lost. More than sixty persons were
thus thrown upon a desolate, barren lagoon
island, In an unfrequented part of the ocean,
with no prospect of succor except through
their own management and skill.
Mr. Robinson commenced to build a
schooner from the wrecks of the 6hlps, in
which, with eleven others, he subsequently
reached these islands in October, 1822. Be
fore the completion of the schooner, an Eng
lish whaler made the reef, and took away all
the men except Mr. Robinson's party of six.
and six sailors, who would neither go away
nor work for their own deliverance.
Four months were spent upou the reef-
now known as tbe Pearl and Hermes Reef
and the schooner, short of water and provis
ions, started for Honolulu. A long passage
oi ten weeks, with no other nautical instru
ment than an old quadrant and a pinchbeck
watch to determine their position, brought
them In sight of Hawaii with scarcely auy
provisions left, and only three gallons of
fresh water on board.
Mr. Robinson and Mr. Lawrence, thus
thrown upon this island as waifs from tb
sea their original plans entirely broken up,
had really, by their Indomitable energy and
thrift, made the wreck on the Pearl and
Hermes Reef the foundation of their subse
quent business and financial success. Their
schooner was sold here for two thousand dol
lars, and Mr. Robinson found immediate en
gagement to put up others, Imported about
that time from tbe East. They found that a
blpyard was already a necessity of the port,
and they entered upon the business. In 182
they obtained from Kalaimoku, Pakaka the
Polut then nntbinir more .limn a ooral reef,
on which they established their shipyard and
built tbe first wharves able to take alongside
coasters and shiDS.
Through the long period of forty-six years
this firm has identified Itself with tbe bust
ness Interests of tbe islands, and its name
and financial resources have become familiar
ized to all our residents. Tbe partnership
that existed was not one founded on legal
forms or written conditions. It was com
menced aud has been carried on these long
years through- tbe simple force of individual
character and confidence In personal Integ
rity. Tbat either member of the firm Insisted
upon a business transaction or an Investment
contrary to the opinion of the others, was an
unknown fact. The firm has always been an
unit in its plans and transactions, keeping
their affairs to themselves ud continuing
Mr. Lawrence was born at Bermondsey,
England, January Oth, 1793, and was conse
quently, at tbe lime of his death In his 76th
year. Three sisters and a brother are yet liv
ing, in England, all In advanced years. He
leaves no children. .
For some years cast, on accountof hia
growing infirmities, be has seldom left the
premises on tne romt, and latterly was con-
fined to his house. Since bis arrival In 1822
uc lias lelt tbis island but once on a business
trip to MauI--and has never been off the
group. Sncb another instance of adherence
to one locality, we think, can hardly be point
His lanre estate has been devised hv will.
the items of which are not yet made pu6lic
Tbe funeral will be attended from the bouse
on the Point, where he has to long resided.
It. II. J.srricnltural Society.
The fbllovlng business was -transacted at
tbe annual meeting of tbe Royal Hawaiian
Agricultural Society, held In the Supreme
Court room In Honolulu, on the 2Sth day of
The minutes of the last annual meeting
were read and approved.
The President, Judge Montgomery, read
his report to the Society.
The Treasurer, Mr. F. A- Judd, read his
report for tbe year, which was approved and
filed, and ordered to be published.
A motion was unanimously passed that a
Certificate of Life Membership be presented
to tbe nop. W. Hillebra'nd, M. D'., In con
sideration of bis eminent services and ex
penditure of private funds, In the service, of
A motion was carried tbat tbe address of
the Ex-President, just read, be published.
Tbe election of officers was then held.
The names of the officers elected were pub
lished in our issue of Sept. 2d. Ed.
Mr. Castle moved tbat the thanks of the
Society be presented to Judge Montgomery
for tbe Interest he has ever manifested In the
prosperity of the Society, and the manner In
which be had presided in the administration
of its affairs.
Mr. Castle remarked that In making this
motion he felt tbat his thanks were dne to
Judge Montgomery for what he had done to
promote the interests of the Society,
'lne muiiun was. passed unanimously.
Adjournal." """" j n ruJ.NET,
The close of another year brings together
the members of, the Society at tbe Annual
Meeting provided in its original Constitution
of 1851, in which it Is also a fundamental
rule that tho retiring President shall de
lHer an address, epitomizing its proceedings
for tbe past year. Such, however, was the
torpid condition of tbe Society for several
years, tbat its annual members, nnd conse
quently its annual meetings, had entirely
died out. It is, therefore, with no small
amount of gratification tbat I cow ask leave
to revive that'salutary rule under more cheer
ing and favorable auspices,
A fatal error had been committed by tbe
Society tn the selection nd purchase of a
site at so great a distance from town as to
be inaccessible to pedestrians, who form a
vast majority of tho community; as was too
conclusively proved by the rapid and total
cessation of annsal members, (on whose
money Jt must always depend for support,)
after tbat purcbtsc, so that the property of
the Society was, for some seven years, vested
In the few life members who had originally
qualified by paying $50 each to Its funds.
The sale of that Ill-fated garden, In 1806,
placed the Society in the position for which
I had steadily and almost single handed-con-tended,
both publicly and privately, for sev
eral ycirs, and enabled us to purchase an
other si e more eligible ; and I have now the
pleasurt to report tbat a site has been pur
chased In fee. In Emma Street, containing
about tlree acres of excellent laud, within a
vety fev minutes' walk of the town, well
watered and commanding a splendid view of I
the town and adjoining ocean, and In all re
spects uiobjectionable, except In its too lim
ited ares, a defect quite witldn tbe reach of
remedy by the purchase of other adjacent
lands, if only tbe funds shall be contributed
for tbe purpose, which I by no means despair
Already the new garden, under the man
agement of sur vigorous gardener, Mr.
Crowcll, has been graded, cultivated, fenced,
and partially planted with about 300 choice
.and valuable exotic trees aud plants the re
sult, mainly, of Dr. HiUcband's Asiatic tour
and when completed, will contain a speci
men of every useful and ornamental plant
collected by him, the value or which, to all
who have any appreciation of such matters.
It would be difficult to over-estimate. Many
ot them hare already-provcd to be well
adapted to our soil and climate, and It is
hoped that by Judicious and careful manage
ment In our garden, where those already
planted seem most healthy and vigorous,
almost all of them may eventually become
acclimated. I am quite safe In asserting that
so extcosive cultivation of such valuable ex
otics has never before been accomplished
anywhere lu so limited a period.
It will bo 6een by the report of Mr. Derby,
Itbe Society's excellent and competent Cu
rator, (to whose skill and untiring energy In
the successful care and culture of the planted
seeds forwarded by Dr. Hillcbrand, the King
dom Is mainly indebted for so valuable and
splendid a collection,) tbat he lias distributed
over the Kingdom, gratuitously, 652 plants;
and has told for account of tbe Society 551
plants; and has reserved for the new garden
about 1C0 plants, making In all, 1,363, com
prising 115 species ol most valuable and or
namental trees and plants, among which may
be mentioned the camphor, cinnamon, p
mcnto or allspice, nutmeg, jack fruit, bacl
fruit, jamboses of sorts, jambolan, black
pepper, betel pepper, cubeb pepper, palms
of several species, (some fruit bearing,) trees
yielding Tarnish, valuable dye woods and
tanning material, Japan wax tree, of much
commercial "value, tallow tree, soap tree, In
dian salad tree, looking-glass tree, sago plant,
Java plum, 3engal quince, senna bearing
tree, teak tree, (of which thousands of seeds
have been circulated, and many of them
growing on tbe Islands.) Also, tbe far-
famed Upas tree, crape myrtle, a most
beautiful shrub, Ironwood tree, Phanera, a
splendid climber, (to be seen at Dr. Hoff
mann's In perfection,) and a large number of
other beantlful ornamental and frult-bearin,
trees. Tlic'se are only a small sample of a
It will be ,seen by the Treasurer's report
that the funds of tbe Society are In a satis
factory state; and as the greater part of the
heavy outlay In the purchase and culture of
tbe new garden has already been disbursed,
and a comfortable balance remains on hand,
tbe Society enters on another year of Its
rather checkered existence under tolerably
bright auspices. I think It Is hardly too
much to anticipate for it an amountof public
support which will enable Jt to extend the
area of the new garden, and to which I have
reason to believe tbat the Hon. Board of Im
migration and Agriculture, to whom we are
already Indebted for a liberal donation, will
It Is frequently suggested tbat a Society
assuming tbe title of " Agricultural," ought
to embrace in its projects and operations
more elements of tbat all-Important depart
ment than can be achieved by a mere metro
politan garden,' such as the introduction of
Improved live stock, and experiments on the
culture of food-producing plants and seeds
suggestion fully appreciated by those who
have bad the management of the Society's
affairs of late years. It ought not to be for
gotten tbat the Society bas already made
some progress In the latter branch, and
amongst other valuable Introductions, has
established the cultivation of Carolina Rice,
which has proved so admirably adapted to
the soli and climate of tbe country, as well
auto tbe habits of the natives, and which
was originally raised In, and distributed from,
the former garden, by the Society's energetic
Curator, Mr. Holstein, and which bas since
become an Important and lucrative staple
export. It is intended to devote an adequate
portion of the new garden to experiments
on tbe culture of new plants and seeds, with
a itew to the distribution of such as may be
found of practical value; but as regards the
introduction of lire stock. Its cost is quite
beyond the reach of any funds at the disposal
of the Society. If tbe community .resident
on the several Islands shall see fit to sustain
the Society now, as I feel convinced, effect
ually resuscitated with adequate funds, we
anticipate, ere long, being In a position to
encourage Individual enterprise in tbat de
partment by premiums for tbe introduction
of meritorious stock, which Is as much as
tbe Society can reasonably aspire to do at
This Society, which originated In 1850, is
by its original Constitution and subsequent
Charter, composed of two classes of mem
bers, viz.: Life Members, whose qualifica
tion is the payment of $50 in one sum to its
funds; and tbe other, Annual Members, who
i 15 each, yearly, and who. nn ppuslnc to
pay, cease to have any voice In It It Is
not endowed In any way, and does not own
any property yielding revenue, and Is, there
lore, entirely dependent for Its subsistence on
the good will of the public, aud such assist
ance as tbe Board of Immigration and Agri
culture may be pleased to render. If, there
fore, the operations of the Society, of late
years, have been less efficient or satisfac
tory, than might be desired, the public,
who have withheld tbat assistance so Indis
pensable to Its efficiency and progress, mnst
be content to bear the responsibility of Its
short-comings. It Is to be hoped tbat when
the progress made by the Society since the
Ia8tannnal meeting, shall become known
and appreciated, our fellow citizens will not
fail to contribute the very trifling amount
necessary to qualify a life member, and ac
quire a voice iu Its management. I anticipate
the day, and at no very remote period, when
the lack of a right to visit the Society's
garden will ba a matter of reproach, as Its
possession will be an indispensable luxury,
to at least every citizen of tbe metropolis.
Tbe election of officers of tbe Society for
the ensuing year, Is one of the duties of the
I present meeting. It is to be regretted tbat
so few take an interest In Its progress; and
tbat its officers must be selected from so lim
ited a number, for it is worse than useless
to place any in office whose taste or Interest
In its objects is not sufficient to Induce them
to devote a Bmall portion of their time to It.
Allow me to request tbat tbe meeting shall
elect another member to fill tbe Presidential
chair for the coming year. That office was
not originally Intended to. be a monopoly,
and I do not think it Is for the Interest of tbe
Society to allow it to become so. I know
that there are others amongst its members
in every way qualified to discbarge its duties,
and who, I hope, will not object to do so.
In whatever position It may please you to
place me, I shall not fall to take the same In
terest In, and devote the same attention to,
its affairs as heretofore.
The application of power to replace human
hands iu the performance ol rnde labor, has
In agriculture been as successful as in any
other department of industry. Tbe farm, of
late years, bas become the field for the intro
duction of many labor saving machines, that
have so reduced tbe cost of production as to
make lands valuable that were once-deemed
not worth tillage. This Is particularly the
case with California, most of whose Immense
agricultural capabilities arc due to improved
Implements. Her fields are plowed, sowed,
reaped, and the grain thrashed and bagged
for market by machines. Tfie reaping and
thrashingmacblncs are so perfect and do their
complicated work so thoroughly tbat little is
left for Inventive genius in tbat direction,
Attention la now given to tbe accomplishment
of plowing by steam. This is not difficult
on level areas and In favorable .ground, and
steam plows are not a new practical Idea.
But the cost has been a great hindrance to
the general use of steam plows, as not every
farmer en afford ten to fifteen thousand dol
lars for a plow. Tbe latest Improvements
are thus noticed In a late exchange. The
Coffin & Standish steam plow, a California
invention, has been successfully tested at
Martinez, where the inventors reside. It Is
said to be alike practical and economical In
its working. The plow Is about thirty feet
long and thirteen feet wide, and weighs about
thirteen and a half tons. It is capable of a
peed of six miles an hour, but when work
ing moves at about the pace of a walking
horse, at the same time plowing, harrowing,
and sowing a breadth of twelve feet, leaving
the ground finely powdered melldw, and
level as a bonse floor. With tbe reaper and
thresuer attached It leaves nothing to be de
sired for wholesale farming.
Another steam plow, on qnlte a different
principle, has been recently Invented by
George Willard. of Chicago. Tlil plow r.rw-
rates by means of revolving spades, power
to propel tbennachlne being separately ap
plied. It excavates a width of six feet each
of the six "spades," at every revolution,
turning a section six by thirteen Inches In
size and ten Inches In depth, with forty
pounds of steam a speed of about one mile
per hour can he attained. Tbe cost of the
machine is from ?2,000 to 42,500 currency.
and It Is said to beable to turn OTcr tbe
ground at the rate of an aero per hour. A
company with 500,000 capital has been form
ed in Chicago to manufacture these plows
somewhere In the West, but we have seen no
account of its operations. The beginning,
however, bas been made, and In a few years
tbe application of steam to plowing will be
common all over tbe country. The changes
which this will work can hardly be overesti
mated. Crows. The crow has found a friend at
the East- lie has but few in these Islands.
A warm discussion for and airalnst crown
took place at an Agricultural Congress In
New York. Most of the speakers were down
on crows ; bat one farmer of admitted intel
ligence and success, excited irrcat -lanrhlir
by annonnclng that be kept tame crows to
protect his corn-fields from tbe ravages of
the grub and cut-worm. They spend the
whole day buntinir tbem for amnsement
after appetite Is appeased. He counted over
a hundred June bugs tbat one of bis crows
picKcu up jor ureakiasL. lie avers tbat wbat
corn and fruit are consumed by crows and
jays Is trifling compared with what they says
from destruction by Insects. Alto.
THEOD. C. HEUCK
Offers for Sale
New and Desirable Qw&s
EUROPE &JHE UNITED STATES,
E. 0. Wylie from Hamburg,
Wilhelm I. from Bremen,
Ceylon from Boston,
Steamers Idaho and Montana, '
. iS ALSO "
By Every Packet from San Francisco
AS roixows :
Shipment per R. C. Wylie,
JUST RECEIVED, CONSISTING OF
Dry Goods, &c.
"O ALES FANCY PRINTS OF SUPERIOR
JL quality and new styles,
White Cottons. Bine Cottons. Brown Drills,
Bine Drills, Heavy Blue Denims a sup'r art,
A"rtl CnlAroH HwtUir. T0 '- CM-
and Woolen Blankets of assorted colors,
Fine Black Baratheas, Black and Colored De
laines, Cashmeres, Ac, Black, White and Bine
Coburgs and Alpacas, Superior white am
Drab Moleskin, White and lime Flannels,
Black Silk in pieces, Bareee for Tails, etc,
Black Crape, Fine Black and Blue Broadcloth
Cheeked Dowlas, Pantaloon Staff, Victoria
Lawns, Mosquito Nettings, Burlaps and Hes
sians, rancy Merinos and vasomeres.
A Complete and well selected Assortment of
Cotton, Linen, Doeskin, Cashmere and Fine,
Cloth Coats, also. Pantaloons of various styles
and qualities, Fine White ilanila and Black
batin estfl, etc. etc.
In great variety and styles, vis : White Mada-
polam and fancy iiosom bbirts, hue and
Printed Cotton and Hickory Shirts, Fine
White Linen Bosom and all Linen Shirts,
Plain, Colored, Striped and Fancy Colored
Flannel Shirts, assorted. Heavy Grey and
Blue Flannel Shirts, open Front Shirts,
A Choice Assortment of Men's Cotton, half
Wool, Merino and Silk Undershirts and Draw
ers all large sues. A complete invoice o
Men's Socks In Cotton and Wool white, col
ored and fancy. Ladies' Fino White and
Black Stockings, superior quality.
Of Different finalities and Styles.
Boots, Shoes and Gaiters,
Of the Terr best of German and French man
nfaetnre, in Calfskin, Cloth, Cashmere, Patent
Leather, etc, etc, etc.
Men's Superior English, German and French
caddies large. Ladies Saddles, Bridles o:
various styles, Bitts, Spurs, Saddle Cloths, he
A CHOICE ASSORTMENT OF
Groceries & Provisions,
Crashed Sugar in half barrels. Superior West-
pbalio IUuis, Bologna Sausages, Sardines in
half and quarter boxes- Aneh
delles in stone jars. Vinegar in 3 and 5 pal Ion
demijohns, assorted Fruits In Sjrups, Fruits
in sugar, amna unocoiato.
Spirits, Wines & Beer,
Casks verr Sanerior Pale Hrandr. Tint, n1i
Sherry in wood, Superior Port Wine. Spark
ling Hock. Champagne, Clarets, the Celebra
ted Gin of Reycnbende and Sons, Schiedam,
Ale and Porter in quarts and pints, of the well
Known urewery of uecyen A cenroeder, 11 am
Durgrine lamous jjieDiracenmucn UocK.
From the cheapest to the be it llartna
Sailors' Sheath Knives and Jack Knives,
Also -A Choice Assortment of Fancy Cot-
1 e -i '. tr . t 1 1
cry ui uiucrcufc Eizca auu patterns, ileeuiei,
aNo. 1 to 10, Violin tarings, flaying Cards,
Jewsharps, assorted Feather Dusters, Gents'
and LMliej bnperior Kid Gloves.
U.IIIIIIELLAS Cotton, Alpacea and
Silks of various colors and patterns. Macas
sar Oil, Children's Toys, Dolls, Water Colors
Beads, Suspenders of various qualities and
patterns, vt rapping raper.
PAINTS AND OILSSuperior White
J,ea, Z.ine U nite, lloiled Linseed Uil.
CASKS ZINC, in Sheets of 30 by 72 and
Jl Dy e-A incnes.
ROLLS SHEET LEAD, of 2. 21. 3.
d, a, o ana o poanas per sqaare root.
ROUND IiAIl IRON, from 1 to 1)
WINDOW GLASS, In boxes of 50 feet
each, from IS by 24 to 30 by 40 Inches.
Itcwldcw Other McrchnndlKC,
Downer's best Kerosene Oil. In 5 gallon tins.
Fresh California Lime, Best Portland Cement,
Itosendale Cement, Marble Dust and Plaster
of Paris, Roofing Felt, Superior Kona Coffee.
Also, First Shipment of ths well known
.HESS IIEEP, pneked by C. UerUe-
mnnn, on Kauai,
Just Received and Ready for Inspection.
Expected Daily to Arrive per
Ceylon from Boston,
Bales best Amoskeag Denims, While and Blue
Sewing Cotton, Cases Fine Merrimac Print
Assorted Patterns, Superior White and Brown
Cottons and Drills for family use, Lampwiek,
American Saddles large siie. Hoot's Superior
Handled Axes assorted sizes. Native Knnl
best make (Oo's), Card Matches, Gutta Pereba
Hose and Couplings, J inch, ete, Saltpetre,
Mason's best Blacking, Barrels Turk's Island
can, ete, etc, etc.
Also, Soon to Follow per
A SHIPMENT OF VERV DESIRABLE
German, English & French Goods,
To be Specified Without Delay.
The Steamer and Packets
From Saq Francisco, by every trip, will bring
Consisting of all tbe various branches ofman-
oiaeinres ana pro, Isions of California,
the Eastern States, England, and
the Continent of Europe,
Which Shipments will be Classified inarrivaL
All of the abore is offered for" tfe-at Reaaon-
oie rates by
THEOD. C. HEUCK.
32-3s Cor. Port A Merchant Rlw,
HAWAIIAN PACiET Lllfl.
For San Francisco.
THE rK CLIFFS BARS?,
C. MURRAY, ail
2f. T. BENNETT, Cemmaadcr,
WILL HAVE DISPATCH for the abov. port,
Tbis-day, 1VclnrsIay, Sejst 1.
For freight and passage, having superior
accommodations for Cabin aud Steerage pas
sengers, apply to
WALKER A ALLKN; "
CALIFORNIA. 0KEG0N ASB" JCEXICO
San FranGisGO awi HnniMw Um.
The Company's Splendid A 1 Steamship
IDAHO, or MONTANA
F. CON'NOIt, Commander,
Dne here on the 39th Inst, frill
leare for San Fr&nelsce
OK OS ABOUT THE 3rd OF 0CT0KS.
Cargo for San Francisco will be received
at the Steamer's Warehouse, and rcnipts fcr
the same given by tbo undersigned. Ho
charge for storage or cartage. Tin risk in
Warehouse not taken by tb? Company.
Liberal Advances! Made eii all
SUli'sucutM lor fteiejrV"
Insurance guaranteed at lower rates than by
sailingvessels. Particular care takes of ship
ments of Fruit.
All orders for Goods to be purchased in San
Francisco, will be received and filled by return
of Steamer. n. HACKPELDi Jt CO.,
24-3m A cents.
C-Shipmcnts from Europe and the United
States, intended for these Islands, will be re
ceived by the Company in San Francisco, if
consigned to tbem, and be forwarded by their
Steamers to Honolulu, r&ZE or cnAxex, ex
cept actual outlay
1V11I lay up next wcclf, rrsiua
li'X her resralar trips,
Monday, Sept. 28th, Monday, October Ifth,
Monday, October oth, Monday, Nov. 2nd,
Monday, October 12tb, Monday, Nor. 9th,
Monday, October 19th,
At 4i p. sr., precisely,, touching at
Kealakekna, Wednesday, about noon,
Kailna, Wednesday evenings,
Kawaihac a Mahnkona, Thursday evenings.
Arriving bask at Honolulu Saturday mornings.
it- - WALKER A ALLEN, Agents.
For Bremen, Direct.
The A 1 Hawaiian Clipper Bark
R. C. WYLIE,
It. llALTTBVAas, Master,
TVILL HAVE DISPATCH for the abov port.
r or ireigni or passage, onerlng superior ac
commodations, apply to
II. J1ACKFELD ,CO.
HAWAHAH PACKET LLNK
For Portland, Oregon.
tub ri.tr currzn iabk
Now due from Hnmboldt Bay, WILL HAVE
DISPATCn for the above port on her arrival.
For freight or patsace. havlnif suberior mm.
eommodations for Cabin aild Uerage passen
gers, apply to
WALKER A ALLEN,
HAWAIIAK PACKET USE.
For San Francisco,
The following Vint-fT... V... cas.
t&3 sels will ran regularly in tho StSt
I. C. MURRAY.
Eor Fretzht er Passage, barlnp Fuurtnr
Accommodations fur Cabin and Steerage Pas-
ocugcrs, apply lo
WALKER A ALLEN, .
TUI CLXFPER SCHOOSEX
fSfi HATTIE, 3
Carrying the Hawaiian, Jail HtlAoat S-UiJyl
Will Leave Honolulu Every Saturday.
at. Four o'clock r. Returning, will Uavo
Nawiliwiii every Tuesday afternoon.
i or r reigni or rassage. apply to
2-3m D. FOSTER i CO.
REGULAR PACKET FOR HILO.
dk. ODD FELLOW, 3L
Will run regularly as a Packet between Hono-
ia anu iiuo. tor Ireirbt or Daware. rm!-
on board, or to
A gen Us".
For Lahaina awl Male's LsimIwc.
Tho fine (launch clipper icfcooutr
. D. CRANE, Master,
T ill run regularly and punctually on tho
above route. For freight or passage apply
to tbe Matter on board, or to
24-3ra a BREWER & CO.
For Hilo and Kaspksea, Mtwi.
dlk Sch. Active,
Will run as a regular paclet to tho above
ports, touching at LAHAINA.- Forfrelghtor
passage apply to
WALKER A ALLEN,
For HILO, PAUKAA art KJUM
Will ran regularly for the tAore porta. Tor
freight or passage apply to
h. L. TORBERT, Hoaolal. "