BOOK AND JOB
nix "OAtsTxn" omcs
It bow jrawl to utcat tU crasrs ftr
Ml JSH HICT fllMlK.
Or KTERT DECEIT-nOX,
WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH
Every Wednesday Horning,
AT $8JM PRK AXVITM.
Stalled to Foreign Sob-erlbrrs at $TJ0.
Orncr On Mereh-Jit street, west of
be Post Office. HwkIu1u, H. L ' -i 5
rirt j r.wM tj J. Nt sbti 1 YOI TV YO t
Cmiunl rrlanntO&-. --- a! Nn j I J IJ. 1 - J uUi J
noButntiw w W nag.--A i
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, OOTO BER 7, 1868.
$6.00 PER YEAR.
iv. i cnix.
gexeeal cojnassiox agext "axd
qirtH Street. Itonolnln, H. X. fir
C. S. SFXStXS. KXCTAXLAST. j
CILVS.wrV." SlirCKK CO.. '
gexeral caaaassios jeeschasts, !
til Queen Street, Honolulu. lj i
TORT STSEET. HOXOLTJLTJ.
1 Or.po.ttr T. C llclick't. 71r
i.Tii'oitxiui .ou wu.vL.nn
ix soois, shoes cextttttt'S's ite-
Conitrorr.rt and Mrrtbut Street.,
noxoi.rLr, 11. x. ri-
GBOCBB AST) SHIP CHA2TDLEB,
Miht xnd Xrerntf fnrnienea t t-ifl on
Mt tinnUf terra.
THEO. II- DATIEJS,
(Law Juok. Oti 1 CV.
DEPORTEE A COJOOSSIOK 2XKCSAST
Ur4f xs tke Lirapool r ti .lUtr;,
Nordkera Amnatt Cafrj, xad
BrilMi xs4 FareicKxrse ImruR Co.
Iaparteni and "VTliolesale Dealers
la FstbMsxUe Chttas. SxU. Caps. BhU
sad S)we. xt4 mt Tkrietf t Gttlt
zaec't SEferwr Fsrait)uBr Coil.
Store kaonm a C.pt. Mi.n'f Balldlnx: i
. to.AT ?emT. UtmttttK. VA. 3 .
LEAVERS A: DICKSOS. '
ECPOSTEES, TTHOLESAli: ACT T.TT'TL ,
DEATEES IX LT2ESEE A53 3nil- 1
Fort. IClac. uid JlrrcJiaat Street !
ItOXOLrL,V, U. L. jlj. '
J. S. irXLCXK. s. c. 11UJ. ;
WALKER A: AIXE, j
SHXPPIXG 4 COYYTfSTOS XESCHASTS,
If HOOL.CI.r. H. I.
L. L. TORBERT,
BEA1ES IX LinCEEH AXD XTZST XETO
- or sniDrsB yTrnTnT.
Orncx Cner Qsees tsi Tort ptrreii.
ktttp CEAXDIZSS AXD COJOOSSIOX
Qneen Street. Xlonolnltt.
Exrtirtixr xUepitoc ti to &e Pisrxm xr.d
fxle of Hiim FraiEte
sxrxxf XT rxxxlJSeax T
C A. TraKxax A O, i C Brr.tr A Co
Cxjtfe X Ct. 1 11. BmUM A Ox..
IV C TTxterxxx. C i Kekxrif A Co
GEORGE G. IIOIVE.
Dealer i- Seivtoi xzi Xcrrvest I.rter,
At ia Oio Stxsd o tie Efftxaxoe. 36-It
E. S. FLAGG.
.CIVIL EXGH5TSB fc SITaVSTOB,
Amxxsi Post Oma Sox X. rt,
t UoMtnlB. O&nw. n
MRS. -T. IL BLACK.
Pert Street, itSic Hetel xr- Eirr.
Btsseif xuae Bp xad tnaxxoi xx loe Luet '
xtrief. Stxf 'xr. Brxoixr; xi a- j
Woiita jxg exw.ite to orxer.
JF. A. SCIL3LEFER Jt CO
SfJ XlouoXalm, Oahn. XX. X.
BP. K0FFSCK1A7.GB2. fc CO..
XXPOEtEES i C02Cia5SI0X2ZSCHASTS
XXonoImln. Cans. II- I. Tie
A- S. CLEGIIOUA.
-WHOLESALE AXD ETTATL DEALEE IX
Fire-nrooT Store, eoraer of Qsees xai Exxis-
EetxS Eftxhlxsesi ax Xixiit 5tmt-i-
THEODORE C- lXElTCK, j
irPOSTES At C03EJOSSI0X JCEECHA5T. '
1 Bonalnlm. Oixx. XX. X.
IL UACICFELD CO
GEXEEAL COXJCISSIOX AGEXTS.
e-2 Hoootmla. Oann. S. X. 1i
THE T02 XOOBE TAYZS2T,
BY J. O'SIELX,
23$ Corner of Xvlng a; Fort Sreetx. 1t
J. D. WICKE,
Arrcnt for ihe Bremen Board
AS XTrrvrr cXxixu xxxixxt xxia ltrT&tr3. (
onaiii. r is or aaoot trai Eiirreecr. rS ,
ixre to Ve ttlilea feeder
C0X2OSSIC5" XESCSAXT AXD 6X5
Acenx for tic PanXuxa and Anxxalx '
Ispmtr tt Teas xs otier Cxrrse xs Fee-
eijs 6e4i. xssi TTMerxle IVaJer ir Ex- j
- vxBxx rVviaee. xt tie FSre-eeW Sure, j
Xcxxxm Strrec. tntv Xirr. H-le
R. W. AXD UE1TS.
Ftrt Street, erysxite Oil TeStT ExTL
Grree ranxedxr xtTW'tMg t tit rejair ef j
Jkrexu r-T Jfatauurr. acb x Orxer. t
Jo- Xj. ;
Variety Store No. 2,
XaaBakea Street- i
AI kiiii tf Xtrri
-era ttxsetx. tho. scujsu.
Tiunirrs Jt ion&so.,
SHI? CAHPE5TEES & CATJIXEBS
AtD-Pester A Co"j Old Slxr-i,
ilj Xcar tie "HoxoW Iran Wertx." j
X. T. KBLXKS.
it. r. eiilers jt co
DEALESS IX BST GOODS AXD GEXEEAL :
Firr Proof SI or. Kort Street. boTr
J-j Odd I'cIIom.- 11.11. fir ,
r. r. abais . s- c. wiuix.
All A3 IS t WILDER.
S3 Un Street, Ilonolnln. pr
SHXPPIXG AXD COKXISSIOS AGEXT.
OSk iriti E. ?. Aiuai, -!-
QtmiLX stbet, uoxot.ri.r.
urixi xt rsxjassau r.
Cm. Motz X. aMc,Cin. C SrrTi- Jt Ok.
AFOS G Jt ACUI CK.
Esposnas. tsteoiisaix ass t.ttmt.
riSEASB CEEtA GOODS. I
Klre-Iroor Store In Xiuui Street.
IJ" under tlir Pntdlc IlalL. flj
C S. BAKTOiV.
AU CTIO N EE R,
SaleRoom on lurr n Street, one door
IT" from Kiibnminii t. Ir
CIlAtCEV C, A.E.VXL-A-A-.
DEALEE IX XrWSPAPESS.JtAGAnXES, ,
: FORT STKKKT, HOXOLC1C. ,Tr
JO HA il. FATY,
XOIAET PITSUC AX3 ccuonsaoxES
IS THT STATE OF CAXXTOXA.
Office xi tie Ask r Btisor A C.
H. A. WIDEMANN,
Orncx at txs Ixrxxaox IirAErxt3T.
e. x. r. cirn :
C. BREWER & CO.,
SHIPPING & COMMISSIOS' ;
t- p xjs- tvi i sa ,
Honolulu. II. L
XGETS Of tne iSostoo and Hooolmln
XCDTS For ine'lakre, AVallnXn and
ACE.YTS-For the InrtXiae and Sale of
J3 JL Bvw. XiM. .....
u. Ix )
Cxii. tr. Jwu,
G. W. IV'ORTOIY &: CO.
COOPEBS A2JD GAITGEBS, '
AT TEE XEW STAXD !
M E ARE PKEPABED TO
At tit Siop xt to tie Cstos Hesse, viere
t exs le iss xt ill rtjap lcr5-
TTE HATI S HAXX. AX IM SAIX '
OIL CA5S5 AST) BA"RKKT5,
Of difertx ixe. mr xsa oK. bicie
MB xt tie Terr
LOWEST JlAItKET RATIvS.
AK vork im.t is x tr.-erecri- mrrrr, xsi
Txrrxstea to pee rx&fMOax-
- J. P. HUCHES,
Importer and Manufacturer
OF ALA ISXSDS OF SADBLEJir.
Cxrrsxre Trsxsirs 4ace indi xeaceix xai
diffixsei. Al raer tmsfSlrxrieaeed te.
NEVILLE & BARRETT,
EXOPrXA. E017TH ZOXA. HA"AIL
(exr Eealxxeaxx xjt.)
TToed.Eee xzdetitr smssxrirf.
. , , ;
Me ruiUDiliu . rn
. O- (.KINtSAUM OC lU.,
TvnoETTT-.g tvn 'VvEOLESALE
Dealers in Fashionable Clothing
CBATBB OB BTLAUXA. EAWAH.
g THIS ESTABLISHMENT IS
ttiToSctse.viosxe rdj t i-tr eesx-'
fretxiSe reeesf . a rood txtie. ax-i tncK xt-
teaAxsee. Exrerxsto! irtiif f tie Crxter
xItxtx is irxKrieax.
STEAK AXD STLFHT3 WTW
Zenes Grxirei xi Stxiid if Dtatrtd.
-ti iTjCT-g gritneiwr r.
Pxrtjet TiECxcr; tie Tfcx tjx E3. exs
fneiit x-tttxU x;txrtei to xrxAe tie jsr-
see. VtB H- Krrcxcecx. Etn- H3e- g-Ie
TTAS OPEXED ELS SHOP OX ETXG
n rent. lt ootr t. Hsct'j CcsfacsXr- ixed ta ztsxre rair ex CAEGO. FgFJGET
xrr Lr. ir edTtn ii jerrie. sr xS lirkzeir- xxdTEEASrriZ. iT CQ1STTZS, frn Hr
ex ef F&sisx. AB Jx t2 xerexftsie ' Irlx t xH Jceli ef tic HAwxaxae Crrrn. xx
exesxtea nil Hictw xsx a s. tatccsrs
J. H. THOMPSON,
UOSOL.YL.tr, II. I.
HAS CO STAATLV ft
on hud xnd for tile, xgood
xssortraent of yf'
BEST SEFDTED BAB IEOS !
Best BInckMttls Coal,
At tar Lowest Market Prices SS-Iy
5 XX t 5STT.
; JOHN NOTT & CO.,
Copper & Tin Smiths,
J icc. Ue vJk till tier xre prepared
te fcrzith all li&ii of Carres Troxx.eansis:-
itr in put. of STILLS. STRIKE rjL-S.
41. V . t-.' . tall . c r t". f f Tt
' Tiu. wbieh t e'er for tile st tic Tt
AH Zviad of Ilrplrlnc done it 1 til
Scitntu and I) t . p. 1 c n.
Orim rs tie etier IsUsdi wOl sett
-.Hi: js;i xorcties.
t Kiutsui beet, cse deer xbsre IDI
t rfr't. IL3
JEWELER AND ENCRAVER
1 O A A
I? prrra.-e4 t exe::e wJi rrrrt;j
all nrc i lie ef knMa, rci u
ITaxrn and Clock lUpjdrtnc
?Itiric Inline JeMflrj".
Sip a Pert Street, crpeiile Old Pdkwr
JAMES L. LEWIS.
riynp 1 n fTfiFI?
LlUI XiK A.MJ uAL ufjil.
AT TEE OLD STAUD,
n j"rrr J tiat T Ci
ttt cf Oil. ti
rH Idod of
COOPERINC MATERIALS !
CuXTA"TLT OX HAM).
He bopes. utratioo to tabico. to raerit
x eoatiBCxace of tlx alrtBac wfekibe Itx
berctofcire esojetL xad for'ariiirii be aowre-
SUGAH & MOLASSES.
HALO. II. L
Surrar and 3IoIa.
OSOP COMING FX AXD FOB iALE IX
V xxzrn f sxtt psrtixierx, ir
TTAIXEE A AIXEX.
I Surrnr and Ioln?. Crop 16
CFEZ S iSL1 QUA5It 1
PBISCETIT.T.T. BLAST AIIOH.
-nOXIXG IX. FOE SALE IX QCAXXI-
AITR" CT.OP XTT COJUXG IX. FOE
J 5xle is ort-Hriej te raic pcreixsen,
ie C. BEETTEE A CO..
row" coiuxe rx. axd tot. saleix
ouiSbei t fzk yarcixjeri i J"
C BEEWEE A CO-.
BOARD OF UemWllITERS.
rTIIII xuxdenizxted barlnzbeeii
Buk SntiLxl Xnxnranee Ctampaar.
Bes feaee to iafcn 3xsters of VtsMlf tad
tfeeTpMitr frserxHr. tixt lSki!c ftxlsed
VesteiixrfCtrstws.jxfcrei tyeisber if
fjc tjbore eoapraes. xrxbat rc3i cftbe
otfeer nl3. xt errsear tie KTerxl
S3vi& TVrr1, n Acre U Itnrifcibz
H. HACKFELD A CO.
THE UND ER I GXED . HATXXG
Iter xreocxsoi Aresif tie x&eee Orr
taer. ore teesarea te cfer tzsts in.T ft Fire
Iv F. A- SCHAEFEE A CO.
" " "
jVTeTC H TITS7 CnTTlfTtal
MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY.
OF SAJT A'KV3 CISCO.
rpHE tmderi?aed txTinr; been xp-
I rtxtei ArexU fir tie alcTe Cccrjarj.
are rrerared to asrse xeSaet t Cxxcexi,
flTALEXE A ALLEX.
IZ-fzz AfexU. Ewcixlx.
CaTrfomia Insara&ce Cofflfany.
rpHE CBdersisned, AGENTS
i JL tf tie xlre Cestxare. tare ieex axici-
I tx Tertx. a. flt. r t i.ir x,v.
lrecotti Ufe nnd IVorlis.
FmatieKeTDeRi IVxx Mode.
Mr. TSckuor U eondJereJ oae of the
oost diiticxraisbou IinDiiU in America ;
asd his hUtorr or Spanish E ten tore hxs
gained for hist the highest reputation as
one of the most eminent critics of the
United States. At the time we are re
ferring' to, he had jest delivered, at Har
vard Cniversitr, a series of lectures on
that interesting subject, and tranted to
condense them into a boot. It oocsrred
to him that the reading of then might
wort a fxverabie change in the oelancholr
and depressed spirits of his friend Fres
"coti. His offer was gratefaBr accepted,
and it was not kwg before Prescott be
came an enthssiastic stcdent of that rich
and oelodiocs idiom, forsaking forever tte
ciScslt stcdr of Gennan. 'Without losing
a moment, he borrowed from Mr. Tfcknor,
grammars, boots and dictionaries. Brs
singular chance, the first veiame that at
tracted his atteatjoa was the Historr of
the Conqcest of Atexico, by SoEs. Some
months later, he had so far mastered Span
ish as to be able to write to .Mr. Tietnor
tetters in that language, containing appre
ciative opinions of the Kterarr worth of
the different works he was reafcg. A
vear had hardlr efapsed, aad this new
course of stcdr being completed, he began
to think himself well prepared to write a
book, but he remained a long' time unde
cided as to a choice of subject. He jsstlv
considered Spain as an iseAhaastible mine
for historical research, aad at bst, having
overcome bis heshatkw, he selected the
reign of Ferdinand and Isabefia. Twentr
jears after, he wrote in "the margin of his
journal, where he had entered his determi
nation of psblisfcng the htstorr of the two
Spaaish celebrities, the following sog
gestive words : Hxppr Choicer
It was doubtless a bappr choice, but it
mar be said that it was also a strasge one, :
and that it is sotaewbat astonishing to see
a BepabScan and a Protectant, the benev
olent historian of two' Soveretgas who
were the taost absoicte embodiment ef all 1
the LraditMBS of a imtanrcaica! and Cxth
oc goversaeat. It wodd have appeared
sere natural to see his applying his re
tatrkzble powers as a historian to the sar
ratioa of the kst davs of the fiosaa Be-
rjcbSc, and to the kst cenbais of ex-
periisg Iibertr agaiast Cjsxri'g. Bat
to the Terr last, he was' firtEJul to his
rst iscfinatien. To the verv last, he
was to cekbrate the ry.rtixl deeds of
the great asd esergetic Spanish race,
which has everywhere epheld and sus
tained ideas and principles aost antag
onistic to the tesdesdes aad sjmpathies
ef a citkes of the new world ; bst it is
just to say that he has always been an im
partial aad nteKgeat jodge of those
Prescott is sot the ody example of this
scrupuloas equity ef jedgaect ; and it has
been rightly remarked thai Americans
have a real "speriorriy te relating, without
passiea or prrjediee. the quarrels of old
Ecrepe- They are prospted by the mere
interest of curiosity one might almost
say, ef archxofory and they can, there
fere, speak of events without getting
Before reachiEg: the eod of his coder
takiPT, Prescott was to pass through!
masy mere trisls asd serings. During
tie last three years, his eyesight had ap
peared to isprore. aad ahhesgb he could j
cot do estircxy withest his secretary "s as
sistance, yet he was able to read fersev-j
era! beers is ssccessios. with Ettle or do '
fatigue. Aaother ieapradesce brought back
the erexdfd state of biiedocss. He had
beea Tirilkr a very long letter t one ef
hssiriesds in Spam. iaforssieg him of his;
resoiutios. aad askieg for Hs Ldp asd co
corrattfe, whec he becarse aware that his
eyes hid failed htm osce sere. He was
obSged to remxs in total rUrlmps for
fourloEg' moaths, aad eves after that Use
he had often to seckzie hisself from the
society of ethers, in order to avoid the
Hght. It was fa tie midst of these re
newed and trecfeies that he received
hts fries s asswer, and the manuscripts
wasted. 'I was.' said he, seise time
after, "with xS my transatlantic treasursjt
Eke a iuEgry mas, whs corOl cot satisfy
Ks hunger in the saist of plenty .
It was Terr Kcessar that he should ad
a cocnpeteit secretary, we8 versed in the j
kwjedre ef FreaQi and Spanish, but
his frst iuaories were nrrxHirrr, xd he
tried to do wkhect ere. Oae can barely j
beEeve that Le had seTea ttsarto volcses j
in Spanish real to hks by a person who I
c5d DOtcsderstasd award of that language!
One can hardly jET-pn the proiocs j
eerts whh which be was taxks Hs brain
in order to d-aive asy advxsuse from x
pertly material reaSar. psoesiiy, most cf j
the tme, ircoaprehessSje to him !
Mr. Tkkner at last dsscoTered asongst
his p2s. at Harvard Ucrersity, a young
can capabk arid w3aE to yis. in the
tiik; izii from, the time that he was ac
counted with Jr- Jaces yziryh, Pres
cott began in earnest his history cf Ferdi
caad and IsxbeSa.
Tlis tst obstacie beinj overeceae,
Prescott had to get frTrr wit a work;
as it were, ispersocal ; and to amre at
that result, he adopted certain processes,
to which he became attached to the very
end of his literary career. Let us first be
allowed to say a few words on hia habits,
and on the preontions he had to take in
order to spare his feeble sight. The room
in which be used to work had two win
dows. One of them, in a comer, and in
the upper part of the wall near the ceiling,
admitted the light; the other was covered
with three blae muslin curtains, super
posed, each looped np with a different
string. A large green screen was placed
against the wall, opposite this window.
The secretary's desk and chair stood in
the Ugh U while Prescott"? burean, carefully
protected by a screen from the blaze of
the fire, occupied the centre of the room.
There he used to sit, while listening to
the reading, taking notes, his back towards
the fight, which fell on the paper in a
softened manner, and when he lifted his
eyes from his note-book, they rested on
the green shade of the screen. AVhen he
wanted to read by himself, (which was
very seldom the case,) he would have his
chair near the muslin curtains, which he
would incessantly more, without interrupt
ing his occupation. He felt the least va
riation in the sky, and not a cloud passed
over the sun that did not require, on his
part, a modification of the light. It is no
wonder if he knew the strings of his cur
tains as well as a sailor the rigging of his
He could not spend a long time reading,
aad when he had done he would go-back
to the bureau, and, with a pencil in his
hand and the ingeniocs apparatus called
coctograph on his knee, he would listen
to his secretary and take notes, his eyes
being shut all the time.
It was in this room, which nobody can
eater without a feeling of respect and
esotion, that Prescott passed many long
and laborious days, methodically spent in
reading and condensing in his mind what
he had heard. He used to get up very
early in the morning, and take a ride- At
10 o'clock his secretary would arrive, and
they would be closeted together till lanch
iieie. at 1 o'clock. After lunch, he would
return to ats Horary, ana renew in ms
mind the subjects of his morning's study, j
selecting what he deemed worth remem
bering, and casting aside what he thought
worthless. He called that way of em-
I'time " his digestion." At C
o'clock, his secretary punctually returned,
and read to him till S o'clock. He never
worked after dinner, but his wife, or one
of his children whikd away the evening
in reading the newspapers, or some work
pertiiMBg to the subject of his studies.
His mind had become so clear by this
constant and methodical occupation, that
escb day, when he resumed his work, ev
erything that he had learned the day be
fore was arranged and classified, ready to
appear when required in writing Iiis books.
AVhen he interrupted his reading he ;
was perfectly absorbed in composing, do- j
icg and undone, mentally, the plan and j
style of one of his historical master-pieces, j
He would avail himself of every oppor
tunity, asd was combining and constrcct
isg in his mind, while dressing himself,
eaiiar. or awake in bed, and -especially
darisg his Ion? morning rides in the
country. This would last for two or three
days, and then he would write, when his
eyes allowed him, cr dictate to his secre
tary, the chapter he had prepared in Ms
mind. If his muse were slow, hi would
resort to a desperate remedy, and would
bum to himself a favorite song commenc
ing with these words:
" Oh : giie me my Arabian tUd I"
ButheseJdoa had occasion to employ
those violent means, and he dould dictate
or write, without interruption, some fifty
or sixty pages, as if he were reciting a les
son. In the latter part of his life, he said
thai his memory was getting slow, because
he could not condense in his raiod more
than forty pages at once. The dictation
being done, his secretary would read it to
Km," and Prescott would correct it with
the most scrupulous attention, shortening
asd modifying according to his judgment.
To give'sa idea of his'coniciesti&csness
as a writer ; of the exactness and depth
of his researches; and of the method with
which he accomplished his literary pur
suits, it is only necessary to state, in ref
erence to his history of Ferdinand and
IsabeSa, that he not only comprised in his
programme of stady. aS the French, English-
and Spanish books baring any coa
cectwa with his subject, but that he had
the honor X being the first who deciphered
some Spanish maauscripU unknown to
the Spanish IiteraSL
Many ysars afterwards, his secretary
eouki cot speak, withoct horror, cf the
chromcUs si a certain Bemaidez, which
Prescott usld as a precious discovery, bst
of which his young friend had a rery dif
ferent cjinjee 'The oid scrawl," he
would sar.'-was mv nreatert enemy, aad I
shaH never forget the tiresome fcocrj I !
have spent with Mr. Prescott, reaSag- it :
, - T t 1. - Z T 1
over aoo OTer szzttx. iu xtgrnnir.g, i
cocSJ hardly decipher it. and I made so
cay biundzs thai I can not conceive
how'he couid understand m ; hut he neTer
showed ay impatience
Some chapters, aad amoc then the
one reJiiire to the drfffntioo of the Ars
tiins. cost Hn seren mouths of labor. It
is cot astosishinz if it took him cTen
years to write the history cf Ferdinand
asdlsaheEa. If we add to them the three
years he zpest in preparatory stsdy, it
wiH be sees thai he devoted tea years of
HiJrTe to that important tart.
EsrscuiAT to Tns Hawaiian" Gums.
Sax Fbakcisco, Sept. IS, 1SCS.
We are now In the vacation of Congress.
Consequently, the Eastern news lxcAx that
exciting interest which It formerly possessed.
In the Southern Slxtes there is stilt a feverish
condition of aflxlrx. In the rcuruauiation
of their local governments, the old rebel
prejudice brois out agxliut the frccdnien.
Their rl-hls are stubbornly resisted in two or
three of the States wkereothe rebels bare
predominated; they are seeking to eject the
1 reed men from the lecislxtlve offices to pre
vent tbem from gtvini; testimony before
courts of Justice, and iu other respects to
degrade theoi xs far xs they arc permitted to
do under the Reconstruction measures of
The treedman has bad a taste of liberty.
It is sweet to Mm, and xs revolutions were
never known to co bxckwxrdx, be Is bold to
assert bis equality before the law, and is de
termined at all bxranls to maintain it. Blood
shed has ensued and must continue to ensue
until the present generation has departed
with its prejudices of a cast, and a new peo
ple occupy the stage of hnmxn action In the
touth educated in a different school and
txtin; hlsber and more comprehensive views
of the sublime sentiments of the Declaration
The Mechanics' Industrial Fair ended on
Saturday night last. It was a brilliant suc
cess. The receipts were equal to about $00,
CCO, more than covering all expenses.
On Tuesday, the 15th, the Fair or the State
Agricultural Society commenced at Sacra
mento. In the exhibition of live stock,
fruits and agricultural Implements, it Is said
to be crcdi title otherwise a poor affiir, fill
ing far short of the Mechanics' Exhibition In
the extent of its goods and the interest man
ifested by visitors.. It is generally known
here as the "Sacramento annual horse-races,"
Inasmuch as the races get all the large pnr&es,
while the exhibitors xre obliged to be satis
fied with three and four dollar premiums or
The season of mass-meetings and torch,
light processions has commenced. At least
once a week the streets ol our city are made
vocal at night by the shouts of parading club,
and the air made luminous by the display of
rockets, torches, and Roman candles. The
campaign has been fully inaugurated; the
ablest speakers of the two parties are on the
stump in every county of t'je State, and If
theToters do not find out before the 3d of
Xovember which candidates they ought to
support for Presidential o3ees, it will not be
for the want of opportunities or partisan
George C Gorham, candidate of the Union
party for Governor last year, and recently
elected Secrctxry of the Senate of the United
States, returned" from the East a couple of
weeks aso and was honored with x grand re
ception by bis political admirers, who turn
ed out to'receive bim with music, torches,
etc At the Occidental Hotel be addressed
the crowd, which was handsomely entertain
ed In the dining-room with wines and a col
lation. Mr. (joiham is now stumping it
thronzh the Stxtr, hulding discussions with
x leading Democrat named W. W. Wallace,
formerly an Attorney General. He xcqultx
himself with marked ability, and is thought
to be more than a match in polemics for nis
adversary. They have had several meetings.
The Democrats, however, are displeased ah
the result, and it is said have written to ilr.
Wallxce to cut loose from the arrangement
to "discuss," and strike out went as a speaker.
On the 9th, the Pioneers celebrated their
ISth xnniversary. Many of the public bnild
ing and private residences of the city were
decorated with nags throuehool the day. A
procession was formed xt one o'clock, P. xc,
xnd marched through several of the princi-
SlI streets to the new Mercantile Library
alL where the oration was delivered by E.
D. Wheeler, Esq. A poem, written for the
occasion by a pioneer lady, was read xt the
conclusion of the address by Master Luclo
JL Tewkskury. The Society subsequently
enjoyed a "feast of reason and a flow of
soul at their rooms, where a sumptuous
"spread'' bad been made for their corporeal
xnd mental delectation.
The Small Fox.
The Latest Information I have been enabled
to obtain concerning this fata! epidemic, Is
In the Jlta of the 12th, xs follows :
For the week ending Saturday, Sept. 12h,
xt 12 x., the deaths in ban Francisco amount
ed to eightj-eight a considerable Increase
on the mortality of the previous week. A
contemporary makes the number one hun
dred xnd forty-four, which is fifty-sir too
tnxay. There were sixty cases of small pox
reported ax the Health Office during the
week, and twenty-one deaths from that dis
ease' la one or the other of its forms. Of the
decedents during the week, thirty-two were
children under five jears of age. There were
nine deaths from phthisis, xnd the remainder
excluding the small-pox cases were dis
tributed pretty evenly through a list of some
In my last letter, I spoke of the wreck of
a bark called the BriputrdeCk), just outside of
the Golden Gxte. The only thing Ut add is,
that the largest part of her cargo has been
sared, and efforts xre still being oxde to get
the vessel off, although the chances are
xgxisst their success.
A morning paper furnishes the annexed ac
count of the foundering of a schooner xt tea.
The erect occurred about a week ago:
Captain Elcg, of the schooner A. . Marr,
reached this city yesterday morning In a
yawl, with a crew of four men belonging to
his TesseL He reports that when about fire
miles to the northwest cf the Farrxlones, on
the first instant, xt about half-past four aoc,
the schooner sprung xlexk. They got the
boat oat immediately and then tried fo free
the vessel of wxter, but found it a matter of
impossibility, as she filled xnd went down
Lead foremost in about half xn hour's tune,
the crew beinz able to save only a portion
cf their clothing. They then started for the
Fxrrxiones, which place they reached in safe
ty xt twelve Jt. On September 2nd, they
sighted the wreck xbout two miles and a
half to the southeast of the island and went
off to it, but being unable to do any good,
returned to the island. On September 6th,
xt eight A. ac, they started for this city, ar
rivicg xt 11 r. it The A. J. Burr was a Terr
old vessel, of forty-three tons register, and
was owned by C Johnson, of Soil nn, and C.
Rand ill, of this dry. She came from Xew
Toric, via the Straits of Magellan, under
sloop rig, in KS3. She was bound for Kns
xixn River for a cargo of lumber when the
Yesterday morning when day dawned, a
mist was found to envelop the dty, so
strange in character as to be entirely cnex
pUisxhte. It was partially a fog, but cot all
ioz; partially smoke, but not a3 smoke.
Some said It was Impalpable dust which per
xsexted the atmosphere, and some that It was
no more than a lowering cf the clouds and a
precsrserof rain. Tie sua was visible, "as
through a glass, darkly,'' but wore a hue be
twees Cac and purple. Xerrous people were
on the nf row for an earthquake, and every
oce in uct, a i strxiizelrinterested to know
Xot a few ikjiered there were further toi
nrir ercptioss at your Islands, asd to this
cause the ibzoz amoks was to be attributed.
Indeed, this wu the cost popular theory,
aad BEta we hire heard frosyoB to the ton-
trary, the Impression will not bo Wholly re
moved. To-day the fog continues. Iuex
tended all over tho country, from San Josn
xnd Stockton to Sacramento and Virginia
A report was current yesterday that there
bad been a tidal wave which caused the sea
to rise nine feet above high tide. This how
ever, was a canard. That somelhlngunusual
has occurred somewhere everybody believes,
and wc shall await with Impatience to learn
the news from abroad to know whether thera
have been further earthquakes, or whether
the rctnarkeble occurrence Is merely a play
ful freak of the elements.
Silvex MotrsTxw.Sept. 17. Just at sins
a. it., two shocks of earthquake were felt
here, coming from the north and passing
south. The first .shock was light, but was
Immediately succeeded by a much heavier
one, followed by a strong rotary motion, this
last being the most severe ever experienced
in this country. Reports from otberportlous
of the country mention only one shock.
Xsw Tone, Sept. 4. The ifcrafcl has a long
account of an alleged discovery of a new
method of an electrical sub-aqneon comma
nlcxtlon, which it claims can communicate
through the longest distances under water
without cables or other conductors, using
water alone as the conducting medium. Tho
Inventor proposes to establish communica
tion by this process,- within three months,
between Montauk Point and Spain; be says
it can be done for only $100,000. Electricians
here express their Incredulity of this state
ment, though the Inventor declares he has
carried on a conversation by this process at a
distance of ISO miles, through the waters of
It Is stated that a rich and powerful com
pany has been formed In London, with Cyrus
V. Field as the controlling man, to form a
continuous line of telegraph from England
to Chins, by way of the Mediterranean,
Eg pt and India, This company have pur
chased the cable line from Malta to Alexan
dria, and are about to relay the cable in deep
Ket West, Sept. C The application for a
writ of Aotau corpus in behalf of Dr. Mudd,
Arnold and Spongier, has been refused.
WasursoTox, Sept. S. Tho SepL stato
ment shows the public debt less cash in the
Treasury to be $-J,533,G14,31S.0X There rc
over ninety-two and a half millions of coin
In the Treasury and fifteen millions In cur
rency. The total disbursements for the
month of August amounted to thirty-seven
million seven hundred J and thirty thousand.
Chicago, Sept. 9. A Santa Fo despatch
says the election in Xew Mexico has resulted
In a Republican victory. The Legislature
will be two-thirds Republican.
A Denver despatch says the election In Col
orado, on Tuesday, resulted in the election
of Allen A. Bradford, Republican delegate
to Congress, by an increased majority. Tho
Legislature a largely Republican.
CuiCAGO, Sept, 10. A fearful accident oc
curred at the Chicago, I lock Island and Pa
cific Railroad yesterday, (wo miles this side
of Iowa City. The bridge was drawn, when
a train going West came up. The engine
leaped into the chasm, dragging three crowd
ed cattle cars and one wheal car in a confus
ed mass upon each other. The last car mado
a pile so high that it prevented the passen
ger cars follow ing. The engineer xnd fire
man were both killed, the former's head being
severed from bis body. Xo other persons
were injured. Many cattle were killed.
Another terrible marine disaster has cast a
shadow over this community. The propel
ler Jlippcpotamut left Benton Harbor, Mich.,
Monday evening, bound for this port with a
cargo of peaches. Xot arriving, a tng was
despatched last night in search of the miss
ing vessel, and brought back tidings that the
unfortunate steamer had sunk In the middle
of the lake, thirty miles from the shore. Ail
on board are believed to be lost, no tidings
having reached any port of any having escap
ed; from fifty to sixty persons thus found a
watery grave. Portions of the wreck were
found floating In the lake, but there was
nothing to Indicate what was the cause of
Sept. 12. A special from Fort WallaJL
Kansas, says about 100 Cheyennes appeared
within two miles of Sheridan, this morning,
a portion of whom made a dash into the town
and stole a horse. The main body went west
ward and captured some stock and killed
three men. Messengers sent from Colorado
report Indians in the vicinity of nearly all
the settlements southeast of Denver. Re
ports of Indian outrages still continue from
various localities on thefrontier.
Chicago, September 12th. Fifteen pas
sengers and the crew of the croreller Ilinoa-
potamut escaped from that Tessel by clinging
to portions of the wreck. They were picked
up by a passing vessel and brought to tha
shore. Twenty-six xre now known to be
missing. The vessel was overloaded with
freight, and foundered and sunk very rapidly.
Sr. Petes, Minn., September 14th. There
was a terrific tornado on the Minnesota
River on Friday night. Houses and barns
were blown Into fragments, grain and stock
scattered In every direction, asd a number
of persons were Injured one fatally.
Atlasta, Gx., September 16th. A bill
was passed by the House yesterday exclud
ing negroes from serving on juries. It Is
understood to-day that the House, after a
a stormy debate, declared that negro mem
bers claiming only one eighth; negro blood
are ineligible by a unanimous rote, C9 Repub
licans refused to rote.
Xew Yobjc, September 15th. The Iron
steamer Dumbarton, which has been fitting
ont at various piers in this dty, sailed six
weeks ago under very mysterious circum
stances. Information In the hands of U. S.
Marshal Murray leads to the belief that she
intends to take a cargo of slaves from Africa
to Brazil or Cuba. Another vessel Is fitting
out here it is believed for the same purpose.
The Philadelphia Print Works, xttxehed to
the Washington Manufacturing Company's
mills, Gloucester, X. J., were completely
destroyed by fire yesterday. Loss, about a
quarter of a million ; fully Insured.
Fixe xt Caiiao. On the 14th August the
most extensive fire ever known In Caiiao
broke out xbout 9 o'clock In the evening,
originating it Is beliered in the Hotel Con
finanra, situated in the Caile de Conatltudou.
The flames were not long In gaining ground
xnd ere the fire engines iiere and In Lima
were In xctive operation the fire was so
strong and powerful that It was with diS
eulty extinguished, and only alters great
lost of -valuable property. The fire extend
ed on the one hand xlong to the house of the
Prefect, xnd every house wxs burnt tip to
the Romx Hotel, the front part of which
fortunately escaped. In the other direction
every house wxs destroyed up to the first
opening in the street, three or four houses
beyond the building formerly known as the
"Club Jiercantlle.'r Again, on the other
side of the street, the house running
from Calle de So (go to Caile de Pellgro
were also burnt to the ground; altogether
some thirty houses are totally destroyed,
xnd twenty-seven others seriously da-aaged.
It is estimated that property amounting to
folly one million dollars ha been lost, and
only some (3,000 was insured.
Iiew Oti.rina, September 16th. A wreck
leg company hare succeeded in rajslse the
sale belonging to the Adams Express Com
pany, which was sunk on the steamer W. X.
Arttittr, la life, above Vkksiurg. The safe
contain ed 1 200,000 belonging to the Govern
ment, and $30,060 to private partita,
Fobt Wallace. September Hti. JL re
port was brought to-day that a party of
twenty-fire Indians ritra-nltt rlrrimlsUr in
within half a mile of Fesd Creak City. A
little later, another messenger reported that
a band of one hasdred T-t-H-rr jtiiwisaon
L20O head of stock wRUs sight of Fond
City; this drore joss-d yesterday, oa Hs way
to California. It bekHwed to lieattnirty
five Texxns. wlo bare their fimHIw with
them. A CoiBfaey of eelored cxvaery want
la puranlL. A late report states UxataStna
eattie were rtaptansd after a'eaate of Mees
A Teosocob WAsii-attioKAJr 8nl-o4a.
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