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BOOK AND JOB
Every Wednesday Morning,
AT 65.0?PER AXSTOM.
Nallnl to Foreign Snbacrlbera at $7.UU.
Office On Merchant street, west of
ho-Fost Office, Honolulu, H. I.
Printed nd published by J. JIott Emm, at the
Government Printing Office, to whom all business
conunaoicatioos niuu be AddreMed.
THE "GAZETTE" OffiCt
Is -now prepares to execute aS creel fcc
plaii m im num..
OF every DEsckirnojr,
WITH OTBATWBSS ANT) DISPATCH
VOL. 17 NO. 39.1
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, O0TO BER 14, 1868.
$6.00 PER TEAR.
XV. 1a. GKEErV,
GEHERAL COMMISSION AGENT- AND
crncx rsr nKK-rsoor bchmxos,
28 Qnrrn Street, Honolulu, II. 1. Ij4
C. . SPENCER. II. HACrARLAKK.
CIIAS. V, SPKVCEIt A: CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
84 Q.nren Street, Honolnlu. ly
mccoi.aa a: joiiivsorv,
10 Fort St., Honolulu, opposite T. C Heuclt'a. 1 j4
BIPOUXEIt AI DEAI.EIt
TS BOOTS, SHOES & GENTLEMEN'S FTJB-
Corner of Fort anil Merchant Streets,
9 HONOLULU, II. I. ljt
GEOCER AND SHIP CHANDLER,
Money and Recruits furnished to ships on
10-lyJ favorable terms.
THEO. II. IKVVIES,
(Late Janlon, Grrrn A Ox,
IMPORTER A COMMISSION MERCHANT
Lloyds' and the Liverpool Underwriters,
Northern Assurance Company, and
British and Foreign Marine Insurance Co.
Importers and Wholesale Dealers
In Fashionable Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots
and Shocf, and every variety of Gentle
men's Superior Furnishing Goods.
Store knoun as Capt. Snon-'i Building
Ijt Meachast Srairr, Honolulu, Oahn. SO
C. B. LEVERS. J. O. D1CES05.
LGWERS Jc DICKSON,
Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers In Lumber
and SoildinK Material!. Fort, King, and Mer
a -' dbautata, Ilonololo, U.T. lj4
J. 8. WALKER. S. C. .ALLEN.
M'ALIaEII Ac AX.M2X,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
J HONOLULU. II. I. Iy4
L. L. TORBERT,
DEALER IN LUMBER AND EVERY KIND
OF BUILDING MATERIAL.
18 Ornct Corner Queen and Fort streets. 1 jl
IIOI.LE.S & CO.,
SHIP CHANDLERS AND COMMISSION
Queen Street, Honolulu.
Particular attention paid to tho Purchase and
Sale of Hawaiian Produce.
REFERS Br PERUISBIOX TO
C. A. Williams t Co., I C. Brewer & Co.,
Castle A Cooke, H. Hackfcld Co.,
D. C. Waterman, C. L. Richards & Co.,
GEORGE G. HOWE,
Dealer' in Redwood and Northwest Lumber,
Shingles, Doors, Sash, Blinds, Nails,
36 At his old etand on the IJnue. lyl
E. S. FUGG,
CIVIL ENGINEER & SURVEYOR,
Address Post Office Box No. 22,
28 Honolnlu, Oahu. 2m
DIRS. J. II. ItXACK,
Fort Street, between Hotel and King.
Bonnets made up and trimmed in the latest
styles. Stamping, Braiding and Em
38 broidering. executed to order. ly
F. A. SCIIAEFEK & CO.,
28 Honolulu, Oahu, II. I. Jji
ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO.,
IMPORTERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
4 Honolulu, Oahu, II. I. lyt
A. S. CJL.EGIIOKIV,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Fire-proof Store, corner of Queen and Kaahu-
Retail Establishment on Nauanu Street.
THEODORE C. IIEUCK,
IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT.
1 Honolulu, Oahu, II. I. ly
II. IIACI t'ELI) &. CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENTS.
8- Honolulu, Oahu, 8. I. py
THE TOM MOORE TAVERN,
itv jr. owiekx.,
a Corner of King & Fort Sreeta. Pj4
J. D. WICKE,
Ajjcnt for the Ilrcnicn Hoard
All average claims against said Underwriters,
occurring in or about this Kingdom, will
hare to be certified before me. 7-ly4
CIIUAG IIO OX.
COMMISSION MERCHANT AND GEN
Agent for the Paultaa and Amauulu
Importer of Teas and other Chinese and For
eign Goods, and Wholesale Dealer in Ha
waiian Produce, at the Fire-proof Store,
Kuuanu Street, below King. 21-ly4
CIIAUKCEY C. BJKVSETT,
DEALER IN NEWSPAPERS, MAGAZINES,
18 EORT STREET, IIOyOLPLP. lv4
11. XV. AIVOKE1VS,
Fort Street, opposite Odd Fellows' Hall.
Gives particular attention to the repair of
Fire Arms, Sewing Machines, A Locks.
Dratringt of UatXinery, it., made to Order.
50- 1jt4 -
3E Xji XT ILVE 33 23 HR. ,
TTAS OPENED HIS SHOP ON KING
I I Street, next door to Horn s Confection
nrr Shon. and offers his services In all branch
es of Plumbing. All Jobs will hereafter be
executed with promptness and in a thorough
XIMKETS &. SOKEASOX,
SHIP CARPENTERS & CAULKERS
At D. Foster &Co's Old Stand,
37J Near the " Honolulu Iron Works." 3m
. F. EDLERS. A. JAEGER.
It. F. EIIEE1T8 & CO.,
DEALERS IN DRY GOODS AND GENERAL
Fire-Proof Store, Fort Street, above
S7 Odd Fellows Hall. ljl
E. P. ADAHS. "a- O. WILDER.
A1KVHS A; 1VIEIER,
AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
27 Queen Street, Honolulu. Jljr4
SHIPPING AND. COMMISSION AGENT,
QUEEX. STREET, HOXOXTJaYU.
urtas bt rsxinssiox to
Gen. MoTRanL. Smith, U.MeMn. a Brewer i Co.
S. Con.nl. IMeiwrs. 'Walker & Allen.
Ueurs. Richards t Co. yE. P. Adams, Eq. 41-3
AFOAG A: AC1IUCK,
IMPORTERS, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
DEALERS IN GENERAL MERCHAN
DISE AND CHINA GOODS,
Fire-Proof Store In A'uuanu Street,
43 under the Public Hall. It4
C. Ss. ItAItTOW,
Sales-Room on Queen Street, one door
17 ' from ICaaliumanu St. Iy4
JOIIA II. FATY,
Notary Public and Commissioner of Deeds
for the State of California.
Office at tho Bask of Bisnor & Co.
H. A. WIDEMANN,
Office at the Interior Department.
K. A. P. C1XTER.
C. BREWER & CO.,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION
Honolulu, II. I.
AGENTS or the Itoston and Honolulu
AGENTS For the Makee, IVnlluku and
AGEXTS For the Purchase and Sale of
Jons M. Iloon, Enj KewTork
Cms. lmrwsaiCo 1 .rjojton
Jas. llc.ixiwr.il. Esq i '
J. C M tr.Biu. i Co I
R. S. Swaix 4 Co .ASan Francisco
Cuas. W. Baoois, Eso, J My
G. W. IVORTON & CO.
COOPERS AND GAUGEES,
AT THE NEW STAND
0 THE ESFI.AIVAIE.
JWE ARE 1'IlEPAltED TO
t aitcuu iu
at.t. woiui in our zizxii
At the Shop next to theTustom House, where
we can be found at all working hours.
WE 11AVE OS HAND AND FOR SALE
OIL CASKS AND BARRELS, ,
Of different sires, new and old, which wo will
sell at the Tcry
LOWEST MARKET RATES.
All work done in a thorough manner, and
warranted to give satisfaction.
AH kinds of Coopering Materials and Coopers'
38- Tools for Sale. 13m
J. P. HUCHES, .
Importer and Manufacturer
OF A til, KINDS OF SADDLERY.
Carriage Trimming done with neatness and
dispatch. All orders promptlyattended to.
Corner of Fort and Hotel streets, Honolulu.
NEVILLE & BARRETT,
Planters & General Store Keepers
KE0PUKA, SOUTH K0NA, HAWAII.
(Near Kealakekna Bay.)
Island produce bought, Ships supplied with
Wood, Beef and other ncessarics.
Agent at Honolulu A. S. CLEcnons.
M. S. CRINBAUM & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE
Dealers in Fashionable Clothing
Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes,and every variety
of Gentlemen's supenorfurnistiing goods.
STORE IN MAKEEVS BLOCK,
10 Queen Street, Honolulu, II. I. flj
CRATER OF KLLAUEA. HAWAII.
("3 THIS ESTABLISIIillEXT IS A
ws? now open for the recerttoo cf visitors to
the Volcano Uouer who may .rely on finding coni-
lonaoio rooms, a goou taoie, ana prompt auenasnce.
Experienced guides for the Crater always on band.
STEAM AND SULPHUR BATHS !
Horses Grained and Stabled if Desired.
Parties Tisltlng tho Volcano via nilo, an procure
anunus warranlea to make mc journey, by it. 11
lllrcncocr, Esq. 57-ly
I II. &. G. SEGEEKIIV,
Tin, Copper, Zinc and Sheet Iron Workers,
Kuuanu Street, bet. Merchant & Queen,
HAVE CONSTANTLY OX HAND,
. Stoves, Pipe, Galvanised Iron Pipe,
L Plain and Hose Bibbs, Stop Cocks,
(India Rubber Hose best 3-ply, in
lenrtns of 25 and 60 feet, with Couplings and
Pipe complete. Also, a very large stock of
Bath-Tubs and Tinware of every description.
Particular attention given to Ship Work.
Thankful to the cititens of Honolulu and
the Islands generally, for their liberal patron
age in the past, wa hope' by strict attention to
business to merit the same for the future.
JSSuOrders from the other Islands will be
carefully attended to. 3T-ly
Variety Store No. 2,
All kinds of Merchandise' and Groceries.
39. , ljl
BUSINESS IN OTICES.
J. H. THOMPSON,
HONOLULU, 11. I.
on band and for sale, a good
BEST REFINED BAR IRON!
Best Blncksmith's Coal,
At the Lowest Market Prices 3S-ly
JXO. 2I0TT. HAU'L SOTT.
JOHN NOTT & CO.,
Copper & Tin Smiths,
mAKE PLEASURE IN ANXOUNC
JL ing to the pnblic that they- are prepared
to furnish all kinds of Copper Work, consist
ing in part, of STILLS. STRIKE PAXS,
sonaiiAir paxs, woiuis, rmips, &c
Also on hand, a full assortment of Ttx
Ware, which we offer for sale at the lowest
All Kinds of Repairing done with
Neatness and Dispatch.
Orders from tho other Islands will meet
with prompt attention.
Knahnmann Street, one door above Flit
JEWELER AND. ENGRAVER
MR. J. COSTA
Is now prepared to execute with promptness
all work in his line of business, such as
"Watch and Clock ItepnlrlnK,
Shop on Fort Street, opposite Odd Fellows'
JAMES L. LEWIS,
COOPER AND GAUGER,
AT THE OXiS STA1V3J,
Corner of King and Bethel Sts.
stock of OIL
3 all kinds of
COOPERINC MATERIALS !
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
He hopes, by attention to business, to merit
a continuance of the patronage whichhe has
heretofore enjoyed, and for Which he now re
turns his thanks. ' SS-3m
SUGAH & MOLASSES.
J? 18 6 8
IIIL.O, II. I.
fSiiRar and MoIiixhcm.
CROP COMING IN AND FOR SALE LN
quantities to suit purchasers, by
WALKER & ALLEN,
Sugrnr sinlMoIa(.scn Croi 18G8
COMING IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTI
tics to suit purchasers, by
WALKER & ALLEN,
Sugar and. Molas&es Croi 1808
COMnja IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTI
ties to suit purchasers, by
WALKER 4 ALLEN,
3S-3m ' Agents.
VTEW CROP NOW COMING IN. FOR
AS Sale in quantities to suit purchasers,
by C. BREWER & CO.,
IVc-tv Crop of Sugar A; Molasses
"VTOW COMING IN, AND FOR SALE IN
JLN quantities to suit purchasers by
C. BREWER & CO.,
BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS.
appointed agents for the San Irancisco
Board 01" Underwriters, representing the
California Insurance Company,
Merchants' Mutual Harlne Ins. Co.',
Pacific Insurance Company,
California Lloyd'a, and
Home Jllutual Insurance Company.
Beg leave to Inform Masters of Vessels and
the pnblic generally, that all losses sustained
by Vessels and Cargoes, insured by either of
the above companies, against perils of the
seas and other risks, at or near the several
Sandwich Islands, vitt luxn to le verified by
3S-3m H. HACKFELD & CO.
FIRE INSURANCE COMP'Y.
THE UNDERSIGNED,, HAVING
been appointed Agents of the above Com
pany, are prepared to insure risks against Fire
on Stone and Brick Buildings, and on Mer
chandise stored therein, on the most favorable
terms. For particulars apply at the office of
S-ly4 . F. A. SCHAEFER & CO.
MARINE- INSURANCE COMPANY.
OF SAJV ERAACISCO.
THE undersigned having been ap
pointed Agents for the above Company,
are prepared to issuo policies on Cargoes,
Freights and Teeascre.
WALKER 4 ALLEN,
38-3m Agents, Honolulu.
California Insurance Company.
Till: Undersized, AGEATS
of the above Company, have been author
ized to insure risks on CARGO, FREIGHT
and TREASURE, by COASTERS, from Hono
lulu to all porta of the Hawaiian Group, and
Tie versa. H. HACKFELD A CO.
rrcscott's Ulc niitl Worlf.
From the Bevue des Deux Monde.
The History of Ferdinand and Isabella
appeared late in the year 1838. Tho lit
erary circles or Boston tvero anxiously
uwaiting its publication, for Proscott bad
already won for himself a certain reputa
tion in that city by articles published in
periodical reviews. He was, besides, per
sonally much liked and esteemed, and
every one was wondering how he Icould
have surmounted his well-known inirmity
in writing such a lengthy history. In a
few days 500 copies were sold, and four or
five weeks later the first edition wis ex
hausted. Fashion, that great auxiliiry to
success, had also a share in its rapid, Bale ;
for, from the moment of its publication,
the" History of Ferdinand and Isabella"
was considered the only fashionable New
Tear's present. Tho publisher received
orders from nil part3 of the United States,
and ho sold, in a few months, more copies
than he had a right to issao in five years,
according to his contract. The literary
reviews were filled with eulogiums, and the
enthusiasm was so great that a Boston
newspaper having claimtd Prescott as a
native of that cfly, it gave rise to a violent
protest on the part of the Salem journals
against such an unjust pretension.
The great success of hij first work hav
ing proved that brj wa3 following his trao
vocation, Prescott, from that time, really
became a remarkable writer, and devoted
his life to the study of history. The peace
ful uniformity of his life wa3 only disturbed
by those unavoidable misfortunes which
must agitate the happiest existence. First
among these is to be placed the great sor
row he experienced in losing sis eldest
child, a little girl of four years, lie greatest
favorite. "I can never suiTer apin what
I then Buffered," he wrote, fifteen years
after the Ead event, " and I do not believe
it possible to shed twice in life such bitter
That death turned his mind towards
things of a higher order and of a more
serions nature than his usual occupations.
Ho had then an opportunity of putting to
the test the firmness of his belief in the
Christian doctrines taught him in bis
childhood. He entered upon these new
studies with the same conscientious love
of truth as that evinced by him in his his
torical researches, reading with impartial
attention both Eidcs of tho question, and
examining the arguments produced by tho
adversaries and the supporters of revealed
religion; opposing Hume to Butler, and
Gibbon to Pnley. The main result of his
meditations was to make of him an ad
herent of Unitarianism, and, while admit
ting tho authenticity of .tlio Scriptures,
and tho superiority of Christianity as a
moralizing influence, he was brought to
deliberately cast aside, as Mr. Ticknor in
forms us, the doctrines commonly called
Orthodox, of which he could not find any
vestige in the Gospels, nor id the rest of
the New Testament. This ssscrtion, says
Mr. Ticknor, is supported by a letter from
Prescott, in wbich the following lines are
found : " I greatly Ehocked a lady when I
told her I was an Unitarian. This word
is considered abominable here, (England,)
and equivalent to the words Jew and Mo
hammedan, and they compare an Unita
tarian to a wolf amongst a flock of sheep."
Prescott was, then, a disciple of that new
belief, but it does not appear that be ad
hered to it as a man whose conscience is
at rest when be feels that his doctrines
are put npon an nnchanging basis. Eight
years later, the uneasiness of his mind in
duced him to resume his study, of tho
subject, but even then, he could not find
the tranquility he longed for. " Polemics
and religious controversy," said he, "far
from settling convictions and elucidating
doubts, do nothing but shake the ono.nnd
multiply the other. To live honestly ; to
act in accordance with justice; to fear and
love God; to love one's neighbor as one's
self this is true religion."
If, in an orthodox point of view, Pres
cott was but an imperfect Christian, he
was a very good one in a moral sense, by
his way of living, and bis constant aim at
bettering his soul. He was over-scrupulous
and conscientious, and in order to
master tbo temptations to which he was
almost always yielding, he adopted a sin
gular method. "When he had entered in
his journal a resolution to be followed, he
would lay a wager with one of bis friends
that if, at the end of a certain time, he
had not failed in his resolution, his friend
was to give him the stipulated amount, or,
in the contrary case, he was to pay the
voluntary fine. The strangest of all was
that Prescott wa3 the only judge to decide
who had won or lost in that mysterious
compact. Many a time he would silently
come up to his friend, and put in bis hand
the money he had lost, or tfould claim
from him somo Email amount, with a tri-
nmphantrsmile on 1)13 face, -and his friend
wonld not know the nature of the good or
bad luck. It is needless to add, that Pres
cott used to lose more-than he won, which
fact is more creditable to his honesty than
hi3 firmness of will.
Four months after the publication of
the History of Ferdinand and Isabella,
early in the Spring of 1839, Prescott wrote
to . Spain, for documents relative to the
Conquest of Mexico, and began a series
of preparatory readings and annotations.
Great was his joy, when the precious boxes
of manuscripts arrived from Spain 1 As
ho was busy unpacking and classifying
thera, another obstacle, of a different na
ture to those he had already conquered,
came across his way, and almost put an end
to bis intended work. He was told by a
common ftiend that "Washington Irving
was also preparing a history of the Con
quest of Mexico, and had begun a long
time before he had thought of writing it.
The same friend also stated that when he
heard of Prescott's intention, Irving de
cided upon giving up all claims to priority
in favor'of tho author of " Ferdinand and
Id this delicate conjuncture, Prescott
resolved to do what was worthy of him
self and of the celebrated writer of the
Life of Colnmbus : ho wrote to Irving to
elucidate the matter. Courteous letters
wero exchanged, creditable to tho good
faith and noble feelings of the distin
guished correspondents, and at length,
Washington Irving abandoned bis project.
Perhaps Prescott would have hesitated to
accept, had he known how painful was
tho disappointment of his rival. "When
I made that concession to Mr. Prescott,"
said Irving, many years afterwards, "it
was my bread, as it were, that I was
giving away, for I was calculating on tho
profits of tbo sale of tliat book to restore
my scanty finances. My situation might
have been altered ; but I do not regret
what I have done."
Being re-assured in that respect, Pres
cott pushed on his studies with more per
severance than ever, but the difficulties to
be overcomo were far from being so great
as before, and in fivo years ha had com
pleted his task. The History of the Con
quest of Mexico appeared on tho Gth of
December, 1813, and met with universal
success. This work has become a standard
and classic book in American literature,
and, we-may add, in the literature of the
19th century. It may be remarked that
Prescott mado a happy selection. The
history he relates has but one hero, Fer
nando Cortez; and but one object, the
possession of Mexico ; and, during tho
whole proceedings of the expedition, tho
interest is concentrated on ono individual
only, and the nction tend3 only towards
ono end. We hardly know any other
book of history that unites in itself all the
elements of a work of the imagination.
The heroic deeds, and tho truly epic char
acter of that famous campaign, undertaken
by a few men against an immense "Empire,
resemble so much the exploits of knight
errantry and the legend of Roland, at
Boncevans, that it would have been quite
natural if Prescott had been led to speak
of it in glowing or exaggerated terms.
But he saw where the danger wa?, and
carefully avoided lessening the historic ve
racity by an over-flowery style, and took
great care not to give too large a place to
descriptions of sceuery and battles, and in
setting forth tho semi-religious spirit by
wbich the Spanish conquerors were ani
mated. His pure taste fashioned his style
to the events to be described, and if we
Eay that some of his battles recall to mind
those of the Iliad, and that his descrip
tions can be placed in parallel with those
of the "Martyrs," of Chateaubriand, it
will bo easily understood why the Con
quest of Mexico holds the first rank in
American literature, and how it would be
difficult to find, in old Europe, a work of
the fame kind to bo deliberately compared
A short time after the History of the
Conquest of Mexico, he published the
History of the Conquest of Peru, which,
it must be confessed, is far from- being as
good as his preceding works. It is totally
inferior to the Conquest of Mexico, not
so much for the manner in which the sub
ject is treated as for the great difference
existing in the relative interest felt for the
two heroes and the two conquests. It
would be advisable not to analyze it, if it
wero not for a special feature in it, which
makes it highly interesting, inasmuch as it
touches the moat important question which
has ever been debated or discussed in
America since the war of Independence.
Everybody knows tho cruelties of the
Spanish conquerors of the IGlh century
to the miserable Indians, principally in
Peru, and how heavy was tho yoke of
servitude imposed on the unfortunate In
cas. No one is ignorant of the generous
efforts of Las Cases to diminish their su
ferings, and t lead to the proclamation of
their independence. One of the principal
episodes Prescott bad to relate was that
of the terrible revolt provoked by the pub
lication of a series of ordinances of tbo
Indian Board, which, although not in keep
ing with the requirements of prudence,
were to result, after a certain time, in the
freedom of the Indians. Prescott could
not avoid giving his opinion on those ordi
nances, when relating the tragic death of
Blasco Nunez, to whom the Spanish Gov
ernment had intrusted their' execution.
One would suppose that, whilo expressing
- his doubts as to their opportaeeness, Pres
cott would have hailed with joy the de
claration of human rights proclaimed, for
the first time, 6a the American Continent.
But far from it. lie has nothing bat cen
sure and disapprobation to bestow npon
the Indian Board, and Las Cases, the au
thor of tho ordinances. In speaking of
the fate of Blasco Nunez, that first martyr
to the abolitionist cause, he makes uso of
a few words of sympathy, which ho soon
after contradicts by .the most bitter criti
cism. How could it bo otherwise! At
the time Prescott wastriting, great
courage was necessary to any one who
would venturo to . uphold abolition doc
trines. Some ten years previously, the
City of Boston had witnessed scenes of
disorder caused by anti-slavery propagand
ism perhaps nntimcly and imprudent
and from that moment, by a kind, of tacit
agreement, silence was maintained by
writers on that subject.
The Monitor. The (N. T.) Times pub
lishes a brief biography of John A. Griswold,
the Republican candidate for Governor of
New York, from which we gather the follow
ing' interesting facts about the first monitor:
The fame of the TJarrior and of the French
Gloirc induced tbo belief that wooden walls
as fignting crafts on the water were to be
superseded, led Congress, by an Act approv
ed August 3, 1SC1, to make an appropriation
of $1,500,000 for the construction of one or
more armored, or Iron or steel-clad steam
ships or floating steam-batteries. A few
weeks later C. S. Bushnell of New Haven,
Mr. Griswold and John F. Winslow of Troy,
were at "Washington engaged In closing a
contractwlth the Government for plating a
wooden vessel with iron. This business
having been concluded, these gentlemen call
ed the attention of the Navy Department
and the Naval Board to a model of an iron
clad vessel made by John Ericsson which
tbey had brought with them, and suggested
the propriety of building a vessel after his
plans. The suggestion at that time was not
received with much favor, but no conclusion
was reached. These gentlemen subsequent
ly had interviews with President Lincoln
who maniicsted great interest in the Ideas
presented. Taking up the model, he ex
amined it closely and critical ty; commented,
in his shrewd and homely way, upon the
principles involved In the constrnction of a
vessel upon such a model, spoke favorably
of the design, and proposed that they should
meet him with the model at the Navy Depart
ment. This meeting suggested by Mr. Lin
coln himself, was held, he being present.
In their report, which was made soon af
ter this meeting, the Naval Board composed
of Commodores Joseph Smith and II. l'anld
ing, and Capt. C. It Davis, recommended
that an experiment be made with one battery
of the description presented by Capt. Erics
son, with a guarantee and forfeiture In caso
of failure in any of the properties and points
of the vessel as proposed. The contract ns
made stipulated for the completion of tbo
contract, which was on October 5, 1S01, and
the extraordinary provision was-introduced
that the test of the battery upon which its
acceptance by the United States Govern
ment depended, should be its withstanding
the fire of the enemy's batteries at the
shortest ranges, the United States agreeing
to lit out the vessel with men, guns, etc.
The building of tho battery was - begun in
October, 1801. For her construction $275,000
was advanced by the Government. She was
built at the Continental Works, Green
point, Longlslandj by J. F. Rowland, under
the supervision of Capt. Ericsson. Theplat
lng of the vessel and portions of her machi
nery aud other ironwork were manufactured
at Troy, at the Rensselaer Iron Work's, and
the Albany Iron Works. "On January SO,
1SC2, which was tbc one hundred and first
working day from the time the contract for
building her was entered into, she was
launched at Grcenpolnt, was named the
Monitor, and was delivered to the govern
ment March 5, 1SG2.
Her subsequent history Is well known.
Formidable In appearance, and unconque
rable as she proved herself to be, she show
ed herself at Fortress Monroe at 10 o'clock
on the evenlngvof Friday, March 8, 1803.
On tbc following day in contllct with the
rebel ironclad Zlerrimac in Hampton Roads,
she not only compelled her antagonist to re
tire in a disabled condition, but saved For
tress Monroe from capture, preserved mill
ions of shipping and pnblic property and
thousands of lives, put an end to all tho
plans and expectations of the rebel autho
rities based upon their experimental vessel
and gave us prestige abroad, tho worth of
which to us as a nation was inestimable.
The Power of a word. A mother, on
the green hills of Vermont, was holding by
the right hand a son, sixteen years old, mad
with love of thesea. And as she stood by the
garden gate onemornlng, she said: "Edward,
tbey tell me, for I never saw the ocean, that
tbc great temptation of a seaman's life is
drink." Promise me, before you quit your
mother's hand, that you will never drink."
"And," said he, (for he told me the story,)
" I gave bcr the promise, and I went the broad
globe over, Calcutta and tho Mediterranean,
San Francisco, the Cape of Good Hope, the
North and South Poles. I saw them all In
forty years, and I never saw a glass tilled
with sparkling liquor that my mother's form
by the gate did not rise before mc; and to
day I am innocent of the taste of liquor."
Was not that sweet evidence of the power of
a slDgle word? Tet that was not half.
"For,'' said he, "yesterday there came into
my counting-room a man of forty years and
asked me, "Do you know me I" "No."
"Well," said he, "I was once brought into
yonr presence on ship-board drunk; you
were a passenger, the captain kicked me
aside, yon took me to your berth and kept
me there till I had slept off the Intoxication:
"you then asked me if I had a mother. I said
I had never known a word from her lips.
Yon told me of yours at the garden gate, and
to-day I am master of one of the finest pack
ets in New York; and I came to ask you to
come and see me.' " How far that little can
dle throws its beams! That mother's word
on the green bills of Vermont I Oh, God bo
thanked for the mighty power of a single
Toe Tube Well Borer. Messrs. Cnsbeon
Co., patent agents, have laid before ns a
model of this celebrated patent, which was
E radically used in the Abyssinian war, and
y which water was procured at a depth of
ICO feet. This well borer Is so constructed
that It can penetrate through the hardest
substance ana cannot get choked or Impeded
in any way. It Is claimed that it is particu
larly adapted for California, or any dry or
sandy portion of the country; that it is suit
tabic for any kind of pump, and can be made
available in almost any locality. The tnbe,
perhaps 2lncbes in .diameter, terminates
in a sharp steel point, which is Intended to
go through any substance less bard than,
granite rock. Next to this steel point is a
section of tube composed of perforated Iron,
covered with a braided copper or brass wire
net work, and the remainder of the tube is
of wrought iron, like a large-sized gas-pipe.
The tnbe being driven with the sharp point
downward into the earth, joint after joint of
the pipe is joined on and follows it down un
til water is reached. The water precolates
through the wire netting Into the tnbe, and
a suction pump applied to the upper end
raises it to the surface readily. This process
obviates the digging of large and expensive
Wells, and when the army moves on the tube
can be pulled nnt and carried oif, to be used
at the next c-jming place.- Alia.
Nearly all of Charles Reade's novels have
been dramatized and played with great sac
cess In England.
Maryavllle has seven Protestant Churches.
Telegrams from Aden,- Arabia state that
tbc German savans who went there to mka
observations of the recent eclipse, were en
tirely successful, having taken photographic
views tour of which were perfect.
The natives of New Zealand have again
risen in Insurrection, but to what extent is
unknown. Troops are being hurried to the
Beblw, Sept. a King "William, with a
large staff of officers, has left on a tour of
muitary inspection throughout North Ger
many. At Dresden, to-day, the King of Sax
ony received him and conducted Mm to the
Dispatches from Madrid say that the Span
ish Government is taking extraordinary pre
cautions to guard against an outbreak. Many
disaffected -officers of the army have been re
moved. Paris, Sept. 9. The duty on sugar Im
ported into France has been reduced it
LosDoir, Sept 11. The Timet has three
columns of editorial mainly devoted to1 a
discussion of the views advanced by metro-
golttan Journals regarding the American
bincse treaty. The writer reviews' tho
course of British policy In China, which he
characterizes as one of peace, submitting to
frequent aggression, disregaid of treaties,
fraud, ill-faith and evasion, until clemency to
interpreted at Pekin as fear. Chinese di
plomacy is, seemingly, master of the situa
tion. They laugh at English treaties, jockey
England into quelling the Talplng rebellion,
and now they give her the go-by aa tho prin
cipal leading power In foreign policy. They
send a mission to defer indefinitely the claim
under the trcatv of Ticn-Tsln for the opening
of the Empire admitting civilization. They
must be told that if they want war they can
have it; that, while England desires peace,
actual treaties must be enforced, and that no
steps further will be taken till that Is done.
Then they will bubmlt and will be at peace.
China will not be the theatre of war between
foreign powers unless revolt is the American
policy. The articlo ends with the assertion
that only the rulers of China cling to exclu
sion; the people want free intercourse, and
It is the duty of England to sustain this wish .
of the people against the rulers.
London, Sept. 10. Queen Victoria has ar
rived at Windsor
Paiub, Sept. 10. It is reported that 8paln
has offered 0,000 troops to garrison Rome,
in the event of a European war. Insurgents
have appeared in the mountains about Honda.
The .Emperor reviewed the troops at Cha
lons, to-day. Each regiment cheered him
Queen Victoria was tho guest of Lord
Lyons In Paris, and no ceremony was ob
served by ner Majesty, but her privacy was
Reports are circulated that the Emperor
has consented to an interview with the Queen
Flokence, Sept. 10. It is reported that
Garibaldi has left Caprera for Naples, to at
tend the congress of Democrats in that city.
Constantinople, Sept. 10. The extraor
dinary concession made to Admiral Farragut,
by tho Sultan, In permitting the flag-ship
Franklin to pass through tho Dardanelles and
enter tho Bosphorus, has given rise to a vast
amount of comment In diplomatic- circles
herd. The report that permission had been
denied, which was extensively circulated a
few days ago, was witbont foundation. The
consent of the Sultan was accorded in tho
most gracious manner, as a compliment to
the Admiral, and the country he represents.
Berlin-, Sept, 11. It Is reported that Prus
sia sends a gunboat to the river Parana to
protect German Interests there.
St. Petejisbcko, Sept. 1L, Tbo death or
the Emir of Bokhara Is announced.
LoNDON,Sps 11. Constantinople ad
vices state that while tho frigate Franklin
was lying in tho Bosphorus, a deputation ot
Greeks distributed an address to the officers
and men, praying the assistance of the United
States for the Cretans. Admiral Farragut, at
the sugestion of Minister Morris, ordered
the copies of tho address to be returned.
The deputation were then received as private
citizens. No political olluelons were mad
In the conversation. v
London, Sept. 13. Later advices from
Rio Janeiro say that according to Brazilian
reports several detachments of Paraguayan
troops, left in Gran Cbaco on the evacuation
of Humaltia, were surrounded by the Allied
forces, and surrendered unconditionally, with
12 pieces of artillery.
The fortifications of Humaltia have been
razed to the ground.
At last accounts, the whole allied army
had commenced its march to lay ccige to tho
fortified position of Lopez.
London, Sept. 13. It Is generally consid
ered that the events' of the last lortaight
have made little change in the political con
dition on the Continent, either to lessen or
Increase the chances of war. While, on one
hand, the press of Germany has assumed a
3uieter tone, in proof that it is more cons
ent of peace, on the other band, It is known
that France has refused the formal demand
made by Nigra, the Italian Embassador, for
a recall of the French troops from Rome;
and at the same time the French Regent has
brought to Paris the proposal of Spain to
cement an alliance with France by sending
30,000 soldiers to Rome.
Reverdy Johnson had an Interview with
the Queen, yesterday, being Introduced by
Lord Stanley. He presented his credentials
as American Minister.
Bkcssels, Sept. 13. The International
Congress of Workingmen adjourned yester
day. A resolution was adopted, advising the
workmen to abstain from trades during war,,
and an address was adopted urging them: to
oppose war, and refuse countenanccto as
sassinations, and use their efforts to induce
others to do the same.
London, Sept, 14. The press of this city
variously comment upon the recent speecn
at Cbalon. The following words were used
by the Emperor on that occasion: "I shall
say nothing more, as the public prints are
sure to draw prophecies of war, however
moderate my words are."
The Tuna has a long editorial on Johnson,
the American Minister. It says be " has a
carte blanche from his Government for the
settling of the Alabama claims. The case
presents little trouble. The only difficulty to
lb,3 reluctance of the American Government
to settle the difficulties growing out of the
war, and its resentments. No Americas
statesmen ever believed that the Alabama es
caped with the connivance of Great Britain.
There might be a question as to inadequate
laws, making England answerable, but this
could be easily settled. The real grievance
of the United States was In the difference on
the civil war-and our willingness to tee the
Union destroyed. Of this Americans were
conscious ail the time, and remember It
keenly. Now they think we should have
had an active sympathy with the North;
that a Confederacy based on human slavery
should at once have been condemned; that
the Republican party was the true friend of
England ; that It was wrong ever to doubt
the success of the Federal arras. After all,
the anger of the Americans was due to their
conecbusness of England's want of sympa
thy in their hour or peril, but that anger, K
right, has been enough Indulged. Seward
has refused a handsome offer, which should
be credited to England. He now cn&a the
past adrift, and the thing Is as good as set
tied. Legal points will not stand la the way.
The only thing to ascertain to the responsi
bility of England, and to tlx the proper In
demnity," A sea captain, trading regularly to the!
African coast, was Invited to meet a coamHeo
of a society for the evangelization of Africa.
Among numerous qnestlOBS Xowiiag the
habits and religion of the Afrieaa net, bo
was asked: "DothosnblectsofKlBgDaho
ray keep Sunday?" "Keep Sflneteyf " be
replied; "yes, and eyery otber darmd thtag
they can lay thele bands.oe."
"Does the razor take bold well J " inialr
ed the barber, as be est away es tsK HmJIaft
rhrrlr nfhfn snffrrlnr Tlrthn ,-v
Yes," grossed tbc dbr,'i"f Ukm M4
first rate, but it dos't'!ftyl:V& imt"