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BOOK AND JOB
Tnc "aAzrrTK" orriCK
Is now prerarnl ta extents all order for
FUUI II! MI filial.
or btkst DKscRrrnos,
WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH
Every Wednesday Morning,
AT SO-OO PKli AWITI.
Mallei! to Foreign Mibcrlbers at 37.UO.
Omct On Merchant street, west of
he Post Office, HoBotalu, H. 1.
I Vr J. JITT STH. at tW
VOL. IY NO. 44.1
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 18G8.
tSG.OO PER YEAlx.
'iHiiMim mamar um, ta vtas an
wimmilMHiMi mw ae il li urns.
BSr ia Itee-fewf BaiMiup est Qaeea Street,
SJ ltnaitaln. H L (lft
.CX. SrSilCES. H. HACrittULSI.
ciias. :v. spici:i: & co
GENERAL C03OHS6I0N KEECHANTS,
S1 Qm Strre.'. Haariala. 11. I fir
M I art .1 , Moaeaala. mmt C HwKt'i. 14
C H. UIVEKS- J. G. MCXSOX.
s.ijivnits & mcicsorv,
Inporten, Wholesale ard Betsll Dealers
la T unil ii aaa BasMiae: Mil.ti.k Ft,EkKu4
c i:. wiuliaji!.
XANTJEACTUREE, DU33IXH & DEALEE
1b Kokn s" aeeer
, ear ia.Cfca
Ham aa run Him,
SIMHafiit Onleisffiaaae usher
41) essaaae se-eatfllr esseaaW I- lj
BOOT AND SHOE KAKER,
I) East tut m w the Bethel. Heetgtara. fir
31. T. ItO.WBLL,
CABINET MAXER AND UFHOrSTEBEB,
Klaf Street, HsMtae, qifwrfte !' Caoper Seam
41) WB1 bj nd .U aeeoae aa ait ftniw. It
JMXTISSETS. TBIM. SOM5S0X.
I'lIIIiirrs A: soiiirs.
SHIP CAEPEHTEKS & CAULK EES
At D. Toster & Co's Old Stani, 2i
er Um Ueoaeala lroa V U
TIICO. II. IKWII2S,
fLui Juw. Sura Cte.J
impobtee & coamissioN xeechaxt,
AJw AOAST K
LAever aad the LiTcnuul taaerwriters,
Brtisah aad lWti Man Iohuuw Co., aa4
Jfttltou Asearaace CusaaaaT. 5-1,1
EKPOETEES AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
la fihaiaee ttetaaaa. )UU Otpe, Boots, Shoes,
aaeleeerr TartetT of vwUmm'i raraeffcia; tods.
J. 5. WXUUSS. S. C. 1UXJ.
lVALIiKlt Jt ALLCV,
SELPPI5B & C0SQH5SI0K KEE CHANTS,
i. i- TOKiii:i:T.
DEALER I2i LTTyKKP. AND EVERY EXND
OP BUILD ISO WATEETAT,
1 OfWCl Carag aa IWC Mmta. ljt
SHIP CHANDLERS AND COHHISSION
Qwca tmt. Ho rutMUr attmlba Jiid
te tkt jaoW. aad J. of H
0 BH Co, KI.Hckanb.Cu,
DCffiH E Cxk Cke- Mjl
SHIPPING AND C03GHSSI0N AGENT,
fcXrCU IT VHJdMM T
MiwiC t. Kiclinb a Cu.iXmn Kalkw Aloa,
XraiCDnnrtCu. iduu Wfliw. fll-S
EttPOETEE t DEALEE Ef 300XS, SHOES,
Aftrf 0 Owro'i TaraMinc 6ood, cunMr oTFurt
GEOCEE A5D SHIP CHAUDLEE,
Mtaar aad Bacrmu firaaaii to a tk at
CIIinG 1IOOX. j
Co-r.T-.iiilos Xerduuit ad General Agezt, 1
lauiectir wt Ta aal olkcr Calam sal Famga j
Ovudi, KWb Ifeafer to HsnSu Vtvtx. aal
Aat far ta Faaku aa Aaauala Sar rteata- ,
taSM. Stnanuf a Nri)i-ig Strt, Wfcnr
Al'OSG A; ACHUCIi. J
Isporterx, 'Whelftilo szA Eetail Sellers
la Gaaanl Maroauaaw aaa CMaa (). ia ta I
J.McrnonSasuatrMt, u tho PahaVc I
GEORGE G. HOWE,
Sealer is Badvood &&d Nortitreit Ltuzter,
SWafiM, Cm f nn Bfcaa. Xafis. PaaMa, c,
33 at aa) oM ctaad oa ta liiaamlf. pji
i:. S. FUGG.
CITLL ENGIKEEE AND SUEVETOE,
AW mx-OSo Bui 'So. HoaaMa. S-a
k. a. jsciiaefeu a; co.,
y HaaaMe. OAa. 11- I. p4
ED. HOEESCHLAEGEH & CO., '
ISIPOETEES i COKKISSION 2HERCHANTS .
41 njajtete. ftiaa. IL 1. ;ij4 ,
A. S. CLEGIIOIU, '
WHOLESALE AND EETAIL DEALEE IN
GENEEAL HESCHAKSISE, I
Faa.FTaf ftr. roraer U Qvttcn aaa Ellkalu
StrtSa, Baaatata. Bauil BKabhshiarBt Nasaaa
T1IEOUOUE C. IIEI CIi.
IHPORIZE & C03OOSSI05 XEECHANT.
1 Hjoolaia. Oafca. TL L It j
II. IIACKl'IXl) Jc CO.,
GENEEAL COHITIESION AGENTS, j
S Qam Stmt. Ilmoiala. II. L Jj
THE TOM MOOEE TAVEEIT,
II V J. O-flEJLE,
Oarair af Kias aaa rort tnt.
CMAITXCEV C. IIE3fETX,
DEALEE IN NEWSPAPERS, MAGAZINES,
Aaa rarioiaab. Tort Strtet, noBclala. 15-ljl
r. r. cslecs. a. jazces.
' B. I EITEERS A; CO.,
DEALERS IN SET GOODS AND GENKHAT,
rnxoof Etsaan Icct StneV abcre 0U FeBaV
,j. X. T. ABAXJ. S. C. H1UZK.
ad.v3i.s a 1tixder,
."auction & coaoossion keechants
i S3 Qocea Etnat. nanolals, XL I. Pjt
C S. BAKTOIT, .
jfaJaanxxa Co Quaa f treat, oo door froo Kaako.
Baaa Eorat. ITt
JOHS II. PATT,
Kotarj- PsUie ssd Cnnfitfntr of Seeds
Far tha 6tat at OalitaTiia. OOa at th Eiak of
Biabop a Ck, Kaiaaaaaa Street, nc&clBXs. S-lj4
IX. A. VIDEHAXV,
( - -OBtt at tha Interior Dejavtmaet. (1 jt
K. A. r. CAEZTX.
C BKE1VHII V CO
IIO.OL.l'L.U, II. I.
AGB.VTS Of tlic Iloaton and Ilouulnln
AGE.VTS-Fir bc aiakac, AVallnkn and
AGEVT$ For the Pnrrrtaw and Sale or
Island Prod tier.
Jaax M. Haw, Ibq Xw Tcrk
Qua. Sanaa A Cu
J C. MaaasA t(k
K. Swan Aft. VSaa Fraacixw
Cau. r. BaM3, aa j 4-lj4
31. S. Gi:EVItAE3I A CO.,
EXPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
la F aliaitl Oitalaat, Hata. 0n. BeoU. Saan.
aa4 aaarjr aartaar of Oaathaa. roraaar I'ttrakh.
tac vwaw Mura bq
Iiwaatala. H. L.
J. I. lalTGIIES,
ETPOBTEE AND JIANtTFACTUEER
Of all taafe ef fadWrr. Camaga triaiwtnr lac
with aataitf' aad Aaaatca AU vraars pnaapfr.
Vr attaadad to. Coraar of Fvrt aad UaM
K traatc HoooJaia- Ijt
F. It. aS: G. SEGKLKEX.
TDT, ZINC AKD COPPER SMITHS,
AND SHEET LEON WORKERS,
Noaiaa Street, benreen ilcrchaat & Queer.
Hata aoetaat(T oa Kaad. Stuiaa, rife, Gat
vaauad Xrua lipe. Fiain aad Hwm Bib),,
Sloa-co? kj. India Kabttr How baft S-pt.
(rta kzta of J5 aad o iaat. wok onudiua
a and fan. ruoMilCa. Batfc-Twfaa nJiA aim a
Ttrr Urg atc of Tai vara af tmy daacripUaa.
I'aitKiiiar attaanoa stTaa to ai.l'ott. Orders
fraat taa ,4aer lalaada wot tw carafaVr attended W.
Tbaaafal b the Pineal of noaatala aad the
laliadi fTaaraBj Jur taea? bberal fatroaa-e ia tha
paat. a hoe aa atrkt atteabao to basineee to merit
the uae for the farare. X-lj
J, II. TlKOaHPSiOrY,
Queen Street, Honolcls,
Haa eoaataatlT oa haiwt aia tLir ul at ImhI
Market Frkes. a vod aatortmeat of the Tt Reined I
Carlrao. aad tha Beat Bhtrkaraith a CaL OS-lj
HOUSE AND SHIP PLUMBER,
Kir.g St, tn docn vest of Castle & Cooke' j.
Uu oa haad. Bath-Tabs, TCateMSueetl, Taah-Ea-siaa,
Fom aad lifk Fttaapa. Lead aad CalTtatsed
Iroa Ftaea, aad reamber's Brasa-wurka. Beiax the
ooIt Ptiuafcer i the cat j, be will av-at al: vrdeo ea
tngted to hfca m a irerrnaHte raiwaer. 3Sm
SAX L son.
JOHA SOTT CO.,
COPPER AND TIN SMITHS,
TTmhrrmxi St, ous door above Flitner'i.
Bee Imt to iafcra tk pUfc -Hat they arc pre
mtm tv forattb all kixiAb uf Cow" "ITWit, aca u
trie. Abo a hai. a Ml acrtant of Tin Ware, '
wluca tjaer lor sal at ta Lowest MarkC rncc. ,
All kind uf Jteanirimc dua with NeattMrws and
DMSttca. Onico frua the other IiOaafe tUI mft
with trriaff attemtfao. 3at
C00PEE Am) GAVGER,
At the Old SUd. corner Sing & Bethel SU.
A lrg Stock oi OH SbcAi and aQ kiit4 f Ooop
eriotT Xaterial cuMtaatlj oa haa4. He bonw by
attestMt tu mmmu to merit a ctnnance w the
.uoag vlurh ae ha benttufxe eryojni, aad for
TfocB a bow msras b i nana a
JIK, J. COSTA,
JEWELER .AKD E2TGRAVEE, j
Port Street- opposite Odd Fello-rs Hall, )
Is prepared to ?xecate nth prcmpcneiH1. all vurk ta
lus line of bOMntMe. sach as Wtch aad Clx repair
ia.t. X.vnBfactarleagehTlraTinX 3S-3m
-LICENSED SEIPPIKG AGEST, ;
pce on Janes Bchizson & Co's "Whirl, j
Cgatiaae tbe bwnaees on hi old piaa of tettlis
with oOcers and eeaaieB uaioediatelr oa tbefar sb(p
pia at bte oAce, lI&Tmf do timet or iadirect cob- 1
aertioB vitb aaj cwtfttnM? estahuebjaeat. aad aliow
t&c av debt to be collected ia bu caVe. be bores to
jotm good sateescttoD in the fEture as be has m
the put as-an :
G. IV. AOKTG3T Jt CO., !
C00PEES AJH) GAUGEES.J
At the New Sis.-.?, oa the Esplinade.
Va are prepared to attend to aJS York la oar Use !
at tha Shop aaxt to Ae Cotara House, where we caa i
be Sjaad at alt working hoars. TTe hare ca haad 1
aad far eale. Oil Ouha aad Barrels of eUSereat atua,
aav aad aad, aWch we wilt seal at the tctt Lowest
Market Kates. AU work dooe ia a tharoacfa ruaner ,
aad warraalad ta fire aa&lattien. AH kiada tf I
Oooaenac Uatanab aad Touaf far sale.
PIANOS TUNED. j
PIXNOS and other Musical
Iatrtta-ats Taned asd Eepsired. by
rCt t t Iluaalu uiLiVGi. ax ue ixxvaiua
Ijessonih trenonthc Piano &. Guitar.
Tbe best of refcregces giren. 5l-lj4
VOLCANO HOUSE, i
CRATER OF EHiAUEA. HAW.AEI. j
23 THIS ESTAniISHJIEXT IS tk !
Pg new tjea fur tbe receptkm ef Tietton to Tf
tbe VoiauM Uoqk. vho out rely on f.r& cazn
AtdTUMe roan, a piod aad pnxspt atttiidAace,
IlxperseBced grades fjr tbe Crater always on basd.
STEA3 A2TD SULPHUR BATHS !
Horses Groliied and Stabled if Desired
Partm TisitiB tbe Tolcaao fix UUck. can proaxrc
sttbaals wixnated to mjk:e the journey, by D. IL
Urrcacocx, Tj. 3Tly
NEVILLE & BARRETT,
Planters & General Store Keepers
KEOPUKA. SOUTH KONA, HAHyAIL
(Near Enlakefcsa Baj.)
Itlaad pradar bought. Ship nspplied with
Wood, Beef ard other neessaries.
Arret at Honolulu- .., A. S. Clishokx.
IS. IV. ArVDKETTS.
TVT Pi. CSIlNriST,
Pert Street, opposite Odd rellotn' HaU.
Ghxs particular attention to the repair of
Eire Anar, Sevis; Machicet, a Locki.
Dnxint f JcciTaery, tt nade to Order.
Sole & Saddle Leather & Taszed Gcit-Siiii.
AHECCLAn. SCPPLV, FHOJl the
asd tx sale at the Lowe,t lUrket Bates b j
JL. s. cLxcaozs,
3S4m A rent.
Iiia.it: ox julxd a supeuioii
Selected ij Kesxrs. HK I I.T.E t BAEEET7,
wlaiaafjeriesaresecCDdtonoGe. The atlentioa cf
Dealers la reqaattad Lefcat ranrhaBng elsewhere
For sale la cctaCtiee ta salt by
SCa A- S. fXC0H0B5'.
I F011EIGN NOTICES
a. v. tmunx.
C I- C1AXT
SEVEBANCE, CLAEK & CO..
AND SHIPPING AGENTS,
405 Front St, eoraer cf Clay, Saa rraieisrs.
armaattraa la lb u.V of Snrar aal all Uo4
f lataa4 rraattoa, al ta tl rautaaaias aoi tr
ananMuE af JIareliAaaiM. Cab Adraocaa auda ua
ITCBAEEK, MERRILL & CO.,
lUnac b ef45v4 oar prvMiit bntlntn tcr
vwmr&t yf tw4n Tesr. wl twtec located ia a Hr
unwl' Bnrk. BiuMiag. w r ttrvfttrcd U rccrHw tvni
feww of IsLutl fciitptw, rota, tu fofv, Sjrrup, Kit?,
Charlea W Bm&j
J C arrJII a 0
Ilaatii a MadiaNajir..
Jaavrt Falrack. a Oa
Vat T Canana k Oa
Meraaa. Batar t Ca. . . .
Aaaa a Leai,
E. 31. VAA IEEI,
4OT17Mi M4 KM aMpB- IJT tU JMt fc&C&t
5ar, us rfKuw W trustee nj UuiBMs eatnuti
to aif cAry, vith tlkpatch. 17-1;4
a. x. lmuixs, h. t. iuicuu, c x. xocsu.
WILLIAMS, BLAKCHAED & CO..
SHIPPING & COMMISSION JIEECHANTS,
305 Trout Street, Saa rraaeisco. em
LANGLEY, CROWELL & CO.,
Cor. Eitterv t Clay SU, Eaa ErarCijCO. L&n
SAA KIIA CISCO
BOAED OF UNDERWRITERS.
r 11111 UADKltSIG.VKD lxaTiug been
JL appgiate! AgvoU toe the Sin Fr&acuco Dourd
of CwSenrrlters, evMsajTisiuj the
CalironiXa Insurance Company.
Jlcrclianl 2Iatnal aMariuc lis. Co.,
Pacific Insurance Company,
Cttilfornla Uojtl', and
llouic ?Iutuol Insurance Company.
BS bare to iafura Misters cf Teseli aad tbe Pub
be taeraur, that all VeMels aad Garp, i&rared
ky either of the ahac Oxapaaies again? t perUs cf
the seae aa4 other riij, at or near tbe 5aladkii
lUadHT wtH bare to be reriM ty then.
THE ODEIISIGXED, AGEXTS of
tha anoea Caapiiiy, have teen authorised to
laaore risks cai Cargo, Freight and Treas
ure, by Coasters, trora llLaolcla to all pta-ts cf
the Ilawaiiaa Group, aad Tice Tersa.
My4 IL UACKFELD t CO.
MARUTE INSUEANCE COMPANY
Of San Francisco.
THE tnVDERSIGXED Uaxln been
aafoiBted A rentes fjc tbe abort Coapaay jre
pTeaared ta fawie Poiioies oa Cargoes- Frelgnts
ft-3m Areats, Ilonfilala.
FIRE INSURANCE C01TPASY.
THE UXOE11SIGXED having liccu
apooiated AtmU cf the abore Coapuy, are
prepared to tmsare risks against Fire, oo Stone aad
Brick Halldlnxrv. and on 3IerchaudIe
stored tbereia, oa tbe most fsTorabte tems. For
reknlari apply at tbe effire of
ft-ly F. JL SCIIAXFER k CO.
J. I. 1VICKE,
AGE2ST JOS THE "RRFVTV BOARD OF
AU aTerae clalsis apiiiut said Uiideriniteri, cc
csrriaj: ia er abest this KlrtfACT, -will bare to be
eerttfed bere me. 7-lj
THE AGENT FOR THE BRITISH
Ftsefeii IVUriae Iararxnce Company, (limit
ed), has receired uutrtioas to redoce the rates cf
Iaraac betveea Uonolala aad Parts ia tbePacific.
aad i aov prepared to issae IViticies -at tbe Lunst
Bala, with a rpecial rcdccooa on Freicht per Steam
ers. THEa II- DATIFS.
434f AftL DriL Tbr. Jxr. las. Cb. LiiUd
SUGAIl & MOLASSES.
IIII.O, II. I.
Sugar and 3Iolas.cs.
CROP C01IINO IN AND FOE SALE IN
qnantities to mit parchajen, by
WALKER A ALLEN,
Snfrar and lolascs Crop 1SGS
COMING IN. FOR SALE IN QUANTI
ties to rait pcrchuers,
WALKER A ALLEN",
15-3 a Agents.
Sasarasd Molasses Crop 1S0S
0WSG IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTT-I
J tits to nut pcrccasen, fcy
VrALKER A ALLEN,
33q Art ntj.
VTETT CROP NOW COMING IN. FOR
Sale ia qyantities to rait purchasers,
Ij C. EEETTEE A CO.,
ZSa . Agesti.
rYevr Crop of SasarJc Molasses
vrow coiriNG in, and por sale in
Ji qmntiliet to nit perch Ten by
C. EEETTEE A CO.,
3S-Im - Agent?.
Gcriuauy xtuco I Im- War of ISGG.
tFtk la Beiaa u s ZX.U Mwades.j
Before the Italian ititr, tiia I'nitv of
(ienaanj' ras bnt n vitiotnry scheme, en
tertained by tbosa wh reincinbcreJ the t
aBCreat Germanic graiMlur; but when bos-'
tilities took place, on tl very frontiers of
the Confederation, thco .aspiratioos as
Earned a' form, and ilia fear of beta;
obliged to take art in the content, with-;
ont being- prepared, aal without sufficient '.
military organization, ciuied all tho Uer-1
man States to turn to Prussia for asfUt
ance. The Diet inspixd them all with
feelings of hatred, district and contempt.
All remembered that Xetternich had used
it, for more than thirty years, to stifle all
progress towards liberty, and that since it
had been re-established LyaVustria, it was
not strong enough to check the antago
nism of the two leading Towers Pros"
sia and Austria.
The conviction that a reforn was neces
sary grew so strong that the rrinces them
ielres went to wwk to find new Consti
tutional combinations. In 1S0, tho Duke
of SaxeOIeiniDgen proposed the system
of the -Triad," 2Hos-wVa. To obtain
more unity and force of actioi, the Con
federation was to have three Directors
one naaied by Prussia, another by Aus
tria, and the" third" by the miior States.
In 1SS1, the Duke or Saxe-Ccbnrg intro
duced the idea of a general Representa
tive Assembly of the German nation, but
he was called a revolutionist by some, and
laughed at by others. In the same year,
Mr. von Deust, then Prime Minister of
Saxony, remodeled the idea of tho Triad,
and made it yet more complicated ; while
Mr. vog BernstorfT, the Prussian Minister,
presented again the programme of Erfurt.
Lastly, the Emperor of Austris, in the
famous Assembly of the Sovereigns at
Frankfort, communicated a project evi
dently superior to all the others ; but every
project of reform was sure to be defeated
by the veto of either Prussia, Austria, or
the other States, when it was in favor of
either of the two rival Powers. This
state of affairs, though condemned and
blamed by all, cculd not be altered, for the
simple reason that none of the State3
would give np Uie slightest part of their
independence. Germany, at that time,
wa3 like a traveler, who, having lost his
way in a marsh, succeeds in getting one
leg out of the mud by sticking the other
ifooxvr Inta iHa minx .
The tendencies of Germany tonania
Unity hod become more and more earnest
and general, when a man appeared on the
scene of action who was to solve the in
solvable problem, like Alexander the
Great, by cutting tbe gordian. knot.
Otto von Bismarck-Schonhausen wa3
bora on the 1st of April, 1S15, and be
longs to an ancient family of Altmark,
which has alwys had some of it? members
engaged in the military profession. His
father, an ex-captain of cavalry, sent him
to the Universities of Gottingea, Berlin
and Griefswald, for the study of law and
political economy. Young Bismarck dis
tinguished himself by hi3 remarkable apti
tude for bodily exercises, gymnastics and
fencing. He was fond of duels, a favorite
amusement with the German students of
that period, and acquired the reputation of
a successful duelist, and more than one of
hi3 political opponents in the Berlin Par
liament still bear tbe scars of wounds he
inflicted upon them. Ilis quarrelsome dis
position, his powerful frame, and his bodily
strength seemed to destine him as an of
ficer of Cuirassiers, and even to this day,
he likes to wear the uniform of that corps
in preference to any other. He, however,
did not continue his military career, but
discharged some unimportant administra
tive duties at Berlin and Aix-Ia-Chapelle.
In 1545. his father died, and he resolved
to live in the country and employ his time
in taking care of the properties he had
inherited in Saxony and Pomerania. In
1S47, he was deputed to the General As
sembly, and leaving, for a time, the useful
occupations of a country gentleman, he
sided, without hesitation, with the party
that, in view of preserving and increasing
the privileges of the aristocracy, wanted
to maintain, unaltered and unimpaired, the
absolute power of Royalty. He made him
self renowned by hi3 passionate attacks
against the new ideas of political equality
and constitutional liberty.
After the year 1845, he was not elected
to the Parliament of Berlin nor to that of
Frankfort, and lived in the country. The
triumph of the Revolution ; the humilia
tion of the King in the month of March ;
and the appearance of the tri-colorcd Ger
man flag, filled him with indignation and
wrath. "The only way to make an end of
it," said he, " is to barn all the large cities,
for they are the central points of revolu
tionary ideas." In 1849, when Frederic
"Wilfiam granted a new Constitution, Mr.
too Bismarck was elected to tbe Prsssian
Assembly, and to the Parliament of Erf art,
which was to establish the Limited Con
federation. With an inflexible logic, he
would energetically throw the Marae cpon
the King for seeking assistance from the
popular party. "That tri-colored flag,"
said he to the Ministers, "which adorra
those walls shall never be mine, because Ft
i the flag of the insurrection and of the
urricades." "The Imperial Crown of
Frankfort is, without doubt, very flue and
irilliant, but ia order to get all tho gold
icccssary to make it, the Prussian Crown
vould have to be melted, and I do not
olievo that this can be done." Thero
vera none of tho national aspirations of
Jennany that he did not oppose with rage,
le defended tho rights of Denmark, and
ondemncd tho war or Sculeswig. Prus
ia, in sustaining tho Hessians, was botray
ng the principles of Monarchy; and ac
cording to his opiuion, it was better to
rield to Austria, and to try, with her aid,
to extirpate all revolutionary fermentation.
"1 do not understand," cried he, "why
the title of n German Suite should bo re
fused to Austria. Is she not the heinua
of the old German Empire, and ha3 sho
not, on more than one occasion, carried
with glory tho sword of Germany I'
He never regretted tho day of Olmntz,
the remembrance of which was so bitter
to all who wished to see Prussia at the
head of the Confederation, and during the
sessions of 1S50 and 1851, he gained the
royal favor by the haughty fanaticism of
his monarchical opinions, and his implaca
ble hatred of all novelties. In 1851, he
was sent to the Diet of Frankfort, to rep
resent Prussia. Xo better choice could
have been made, at that timo, when old
abuses were to be restored.
So far, Mr. von Bisjnarck appears to us
as an exaggerated type of that party of
aristocrats (junkerpartei,) which tried to
conceal, under a military arrogance and a
haughty mien, the narrowness of its ideas
and the insufficiency of its resources. "I
adhere," said he " to the opinions of tho
Middle Ages, or of darkness, a3 they may
call it, and I have sucked its prejudices
with my mother's milk." Such a Con
servative as was. then Air. von Bismarck,
must needs have been fond of Austria,
that gothic Empire, hostile to every kind
of heresy and innovation, but he was alto
gether out pf place in Prussia, which, born
from a religious insurrection, has grown
nnder the auspices of Frederic the Great
and of Stein, by adopting the new ideas.
The supporters of the Past arc always in
a difficult position, for tha very Past they
invoke rise3 against them.
However, during the eight years (1851
to 1S59,) he spent in Frankfort, Mr. von
Bismarck's opinions underwent a complete
change. He-had arrived there .full of rfe
specc tor Austria, and of hatred against
the Unity scheme, and when ho left that
city he was determinsd to favor tho latter
and oppose the former. tVhat was the
cause of such an extraordinary change ?
There are but few indications in this re
spect a few anecdotes, extracts from let
ters, and some allusions to his former po
litical opinions on the part of the present
Prussian Minister, who speaks of that
time without any diplomatic reserve. ITo
came to the conclusion that Austria
aimed at rendering Prussia her vassal;
that the minor States aimed at keeping
alive the fire of discord between their two
powerful neighbors; and that tbe Diet
was an absurd institution, Uiisinn,) nox
ious to the country, which might lead to a
European war for the mere satisfaction of
Austrian interests. He thought that the
only means of maintaining the independ
ence of Prussia wa3 to placo her at the
head of Germany, and in a letter dated
April 2d, lb'58, he indicates the best way
of obtaining that result, viz. : the consti
tution of a Custom Parliament (ZoUparla
meaL) In the beginning of 1859, just before
the war of Italy, he was of opinion that
Prussia, instead of assuming towards
France n menacing attitude, should turn
against Austria, and profit by the situation
to reorganize Germany. He expressed
that idea so violently that the Prince
Regent called him from the Diet, and
sent him to St. Petersburg. He remained
there till the Spring of 1862, about which
time, it seems, the Emperor of tbe French
intimated that he would see with pleasure
Mr. Ton Bismarck the representative of
Prussia in Paris. After six months' stay
in that capital, ho was called to Berlin, in
September, and empowered to sustain the
Ministry a their memorable struggle
against the Chamber of Deputies. It was
then that he inaugurated that system of
politics by which, nnder the appearance of
an extreme Conservatism, it was sought
to carry out, through violence and force,
the revolutiontry programme of 1848.
He evidently wished to resume the de
signs of Mr. Ton Badowitz, and to lead
Prussia to the accomplishment of what
she considered her "historical missisn."
But it wa3 first necessary to give her a
better frontier through annexation pf some
of tbe neighboring territory, and then to
put her at the head of re-organized Ger
many. In regard to tbe Erst point, Lonis
Borne had formerly said: "Prussia, with
its Hi-defined and extended frontiers, is
like a young man who wears garments too
large for him, but wait patiently, and ha
will fill them np when he grows older."
As Co the re-organization of Germany, it
was only necessary to give an impetus to
Two different systems might be chosen :
moral conquests, or military conquests.
Some said : " Let Prussia give tho exam
ple of liberal ftistitutions, and all tho others
will come to her. and join her." Their
motto was : Unity through Liberty. Oth
ers thought that Austria and all the other
State3, rejecting every kind of reform,
should first be compelled, and that Liberty
would bo the result of Unity.
It is only tho truth to say that Mr. von
Uismarck never pretended to couccal his
projects, and to this, tho following passago
from a speech,, ho delivered in October,
1S62, bears witness: "The interest or
Germany is not that Prussia should bo
liberal, b"ut that she should be strong. Sho
must iucreaseand concentrate her strength,
and seizo all favorable opportunities. Our
frontiers are not those of a well-constituted
State. Besides remember, it is not through
votes and discussions that great questions
are settled. It was a mistake to think so
in 184S and 1&19. They must bo decided
bv the sword."
In the Address to the Royal Geographical
Society oOLonJon, delivered at tho Anni
versary Meeting on the 25th of May, 1SCS,
by Sir Roderick Itnpoy Murchlson, Bart., we
arc happy to Hud a highly nattering comment
ou the interesting report of our Capt. Thomas
Long, regarding tho best route for reaching
the opcu Tofar Sea, which report wa3 pub
lished In tho P. V. JdrMuer of January last
Stating the efforts hitherto made by British,
German and French Arctic Explorers, Sir
Roderick tays : ,
Whilst such are the preparations and hopes
in European countries, a great amount of
fresh knowledge has been obtained by our
American kinsmen, who. In their whaling
vessels, have pushed their enterprise through
Bearing Strait, far beyond the land first
eisrhted by Kellett, and beyond Ti' X. lati
tude, have coasted extensive high lands
which He off the coast of Siberia, from which
they are. It Is thought, separated by the sea
first seen by Wrangcll. These, Indeed, are
great advances since the days when Collinson
(whose discoveries in another direction have
never been surpassed), determined tbe out
line of the whole northern coast of America,
and Kellett first saw Herald Island.
One of these masters of American wlialers
Captain Long has communicated to the
JTieiflc Cormnercuil Ailttriiicr, of Honolulu, a
report which, in giving a lively sketch of the
proircss of Arctic discovery from the days
of llndson and Frobisher, has enunciated"
the opinion that if ever a transit by water be
made between the Eastern and Western
Oceans, it will not be by lines hitherto tried,
but by an enterprise directed from Ilchring
Looking at the fact that tbe Arctic Sea Is
bounded by North America, Greenland, Spits
bergen, Nova Zcmbla, and Siberia, and that
it is the recipient of enormous LoJies of
water poured Into it bv many lanrc rivers.
he Infers that the surplus must be mainly
discharged cither by SpiUbergcn or by Smith
Sound and 1
Baffin's Bay. Now, all navigators
o iret tc
ruwvj tucscntira-icxf c, utrays, atnavs luvv
with a powerful outflow of water transport
ing and moving out the Icq southward into
tho Atlantic Thus it was that Parry, hav
ing proceeded with great perseverance in
sledges 233 miles nothwarils, and having
reached Lit. S2' 45', was only 172 miles trom
his starting-point, so steadily had the broken
ice been carrying bim and his party sonth
wards by this great channel. Considering
that the same outflow of water and ice has
been met with by all explorers to the north
of Smith Sound, Capt. Long maintains that
Bearing Strait stands in favorable contrast
to the other openings Into the regions of the
Polar Sea, and is the channel In Trhicli tho
effort should be made He affirms, from the
experience of whalers since 1S17, that no
frreat body of water Hods its way sonth
through Behrlng Strait; and that, at least in
thesprinp; and summer, the current isalwajs
found setting to the north, owing, as he in
fers, to the discharge of the rivers on tho
North American shore, and that of the Ana-
dyr, on tbe Asiatic coast. He suggests,
therefore, that a strong vessel of 00 "to SCO
tons burthen, and provided with sufficient
steam-power to cct through temporary ob
stacles, shonld follow the Asiatic shore from
Behrlng Strait as far as Cape Kckumai or
Cape Schclagskol. From some point between
those canes the conrse would be to tho north
of the Liachoo Islands, whence tbe course,
towards Spitzbergcn or the Pole would be
influenced by the currents proceeding from
the crcat Siberian rivers. If the vessel were
obstructed by Ice to the northward of these
Is, the outflow enrrcht, thouzb not so strong
as immediately to the north' of Spitzbergen
or In Baffin's Bay, would, he thinks, eventu
ally carry the ship through one of tbe chan
nels Into the Atlantic
Another route by which the voyage might,
in tbe opinion of Captain Long, be accom
plished, is to proceed from Bearing Strait to
the mouth of the Lena, then directly north
beyond Cape Sievero Vostoscbnl, and then
westward, towards Spitsbergen.
The letter of this experienced whaling cap
tain is highly entitled to the notice of all
persons Interested In Arctic 'exploration, in
asmuch as be assigns strong grounds for be
lieving that, hitherto, we have been toiling,
like Sisyphus, against natural obstacles; he
believes that notwithstanding a few minor
obstacles on the Siberisn coast, If we once
get a stout but small vessel into tbe current
caused by tbe Yenissel and other great Sibe
rian streams, she would, if entanslcd in
the pack, be unquestionably carried forward
Into the Atlantic
Capt. Long concludes that the passage
from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean will
eventually be accomplished from Behrlng
Strait by one of the two routes which he
has indicated, and adds, " I have as much
faith in this as X have In any uncertain future
event, and much more than I had fifteen
years ago iu the Atlantic telegraph."
Frrrrxo Rebuke to oxe of the Setmoce
CoS3rTHATOE3 Major General Edward JL
MeCook, of Ohio, a brave and gallant officer
daring the war, and now United Slates Min
ister to the Sandwich Islands, In a letter
dated August 23, to Senator Conness, writes
as follows :
"The news of.the Democratic nominations
has arrived, and I think they are radically
weak the very weakest combination that
could have been made; tbe War Democrat
won't vote for Seymqnr because be was a
Copperhead, and tbe Copperheads won't vote
for Blair because be wore a blue Instead of a
gray uniform. Mneb to my distrust, I saw
that a cousin of mine, Geo. W. llcCook, bad
proposed the name of Seymour to the Con
vention as 'the man who would drive the
Radical Cabinet at Washington from power,'
etc, etc I am sorry I cannot be at home
this Fall, on George's account; be U some
what powerful on tbe stump In, Ohio, and I
would like to follow him around and neu
tralize the effect of his rhetoric by stating
the fact that he Is Utt only one cfaS hi name
who supports Seymour and Blair, and tbe
only mate member cf lAe famttttcbo mil net in
tie Union army during the tear. I shonld
think the spirits of his dead father and broth
ers, who laid down their liTCs In defence of
the Union, would haunt him with continual
reproaches. I think this a pretty fair Illnv
tration of the way things will go at tbe elec
tion; the soldiers willTote as they'aaof
against the rebels, and tbe Copperheads will
be Democrats stflL as they always hare
Tnc Ciiassetot. A visitor to the camn of
Chalons -writes; "By reason of the 'pau'
which I held, I could visit every regiment,
every company, every tenU Myobjecfwaa
to sec tha Clusserot. I do not mean to tea
It as fifty people have done, but to behold
the soldier take It to pieces, clean It, pnt it
together, to bandla it myself. If possible, and
to hear what tho French soldiers Slid of tho
new French arm. As I walked throuch tho
tents after the review, I found all tha Hue
cleaning their arms, and the very tint point
which struck me was that the men had lea
their rations, which were rcadr for them.
aud were latent on polishing as a boy does
his first gun the cherished OhassepoL I en
tered a tent In which were four men, who
rose and saluted, but teeing that wo were
mnral.ll ,,. ,-.,.! ..n.,AlH .
u.w.v ww lUUtMl J. .WIUIU LUL ,VD,
anil aiked us 1 la what thejr could &?rvc u V
c asKxuio sc ine cdwjcpoi. unc was
lintlflivl In inrt tiv n .nlallaaf. Ll IK nlK
awaaaev "'V aJ B VvIM a a, UU UMIW
bis companion, said, ' Tinis done Chariest
yours Is oiled: take this of mine. UwoaU
be uimcult to handle a, neater or handler
weapon, either as a soldier wlahlnsr to cut
down a gallant hussar, or a sportsman eager
to knock over a rocketer.
1 will befftn by stating that I was horribly
It in your hand, and yon feel it must be tho
weapon or tho a?o o simple, light, and
handy. So far I "speak, mind, of the mere
loading and firing, if all went right, I should
say that an advunco of any cavalry In tho
world against a regiment of ehasicurs armed
with this weapon wonld be as chair against
the wind ! I fear that for English soldiers
the manipulation of this arm Is too delicate.
One was taken to pieces for me. There Is a
spiral springand a combination of screws and
catches, which I fear would bo fatal to "Pri
vate 1,100-John Jones." Damp, I fear,
might acC on that spring and that needle
point, oh which all depends. Bnt this objec
tion fades away here Tho men arc enamored
of their new weapon, jind pet It like a child. ,
Two soldiers especially with whom I passed
a very good quarter of an hour, talked of 'our
arm' as fond parents would of a sole offspring
and lineal heir."
But all said. It is a dangerous thing to de
pend upon a weapon that Is so delicate in its
coustruction, and requlres'so much cam and
pareutcal solicitude About six months since,
we gave tho report of some Swcdlng officers
who bad been permitted, with tho writer
ot tho above, to thoroughly Inspect the
Chassepot. They were unanimous In con
demning It for use in a cold country, as the
amount of lubrication with oil was too great,
and the oil would freeze and Impede the ac
tion; besides, a soldier In camp, a garden
camp, with plenty of time on his hands, is a
very different fellow from a hard-worked,
rough campaigner, who growls at every extra
bit of labor forced upoL him, and the French
soldier does not take to trouble very kindly.
If the Chassepot Is used for a summer lively,
short campaign, that is another matter; but
Bismarck or Russia will doubtless have an
eye to the exact merits of the Chassepot, and
delay till the dead season of winter or severe
weather comes on. .YetM Letter.
Death or a Naval Orricnn. Last even
ing, about half-past seven o'clock, word was
scut to tho Police Office that a man had been
killed at the northwest corner of Sutter and
Stockton streets. We immediately des
patched a reporter to the place, who learned
tno louowtng iacis: a young lauy in tue
employ of a tailor on Sutter 6trcct was abont
going home; as she passed she saw two men
having a firm hold of the man and knock
ing him over the head. One of them pro
ceeded to pull bid coat off and throw It over
his head, whilst the other went through bla
pockets; they then threw him to tho ground,
the man falling across tbe railway track.
diatcly called lor aid, and several gentlemen
from the corner grocery opposite came out,
picked tho man up and carried him to the
store Medical aid was Immediately sum
moned, but arrived too lato to render any
assistance, as the unfortunate man hod al
ready expired. The doctors could not then
give an opinion as to the cause of his death:
one of them thougt that bo might have died
of apoplexy. No marks of violence could
be found on his person ; yet still be mlyM
havo been struck on the back of the head
by ruffians w 1th a heavy sand-bag, which is
sometimes used by robbers to "accomplish
their fonl designs. These sand-bags, though
they leave no ontcr mark oh tnc person
when struck on tbe head, cause a concussion
of the brain, producing Immediate death.
From papers found on tho body ol tbe dead
man. It was believed to be that of Lieutenant
Commander John G. Mitchell, of Saginaw,
that was wrecked tome time since at Vic
toria. Ife was a fine-looking man, well
built, about S3 years of age. Tho deceased
was a native of Massachusetts, and entered
the Navy In 1S19, and had been eighteen
years In the service Tho Coroner was noti
fied, who had the remains conveyed to 'his
office, where an inquest will bo held.
Lateb. At last accounts we learn "that
Lieut. Mitchell was nut murdered, notwith
standing tbe statement of the woman who
says she saw him struck and robbed. It Is
believed that he died in a fit, and his valu
ables were taken charge of by one of the
policemen who arrived on the ground very
shortly after he died.
Wc are Informed that yesterday Lieute
nant Mitchell received bis commission of
promotion as full Commander of tbe man-of-war
Saranac, and was ordered East to report.
A Thbiluso Advextcre. a merchant
who, wishing to celebrate his daughter's
wedding, collected a party of her young
companions; they circled around her, wish
ing much happiness to the youthful bride
and her chosen one. Her father gazed proud
ly on bis lovely child, and hoped that as
bright prospects for the future might open
for the rest of hit children who were playing
among tbe guests. Passing through the
ball of tho basement be met a servant who
was carrying a lighted candle In her band,
without the candlestick. He blamed her for
such conduct, and went Into the kitchen to
see about tbe supper. The girl soon return
ed without tbe candle The merchant im
mediately recollected that several barrels of
gunpowder had been placed In the cellar
during tbe day, and that one had been open
ed. "Where Is your candle!" be enquired In
tbe utmost alarm.
"I couldn't bring it np with me for my
arms are full of wood," said the girl.
"Where did you put It?"
"Well, I'd no candlestick, to I stuck It In
some black sand that's In tbe small barret
Her master dashed down the stairs, the
passage was long and dark, his knees threat
ened to give way nnder him, his breath was
choked, bis flesh seemed dry and parched u8
If be already felt the suffocating bkut of death
At the end of the cellar, nnder tbe very room
where his children and their friends were
reveling In felicity, he saw tbe open barrel of
powder, fall at the top: the candle stuck
loosely In tbe grains, with a long red stHstT
of red wick.
This sight seemed to wither all hfs power
the laughter of the company sfrsck npes his
ear like tbe knell of death. He stood for a
moment unable to more The rausrc com
menced above, the feet of the daaeers re
sponding with vivacity; the floor shoos;, and.
tha loose bottles In tbe cellar Jingled wMit.
the motion. He fancied the candle move'
was falling; with desperate energy he sprang
forward, bnt bow to reaovr K; site dlriMeat
touch wonld cause the red wietrto Ml into
the powder. With nneepaited presence of
mind he placed a Jjand oa tach tWeof fho
candle, with tbe open pales sneWbt, and
the fingers pointed tawank fee etject of
his care, which as his bssdc aset was secured
In the clasping or Wk 4ngcn, asd safely
moved away from Its dangerov potWos.
Wbenbe reached the bead of tbe stain M
smiled at bis previous alarm, but the reaav
tion was too powerfal, and he feH lato tts f
most violent laughter. He wait cOBveyed te
his bed -senseless, asd Bswy wceSs ekpaed
ere hi nerves recovered tsJBcleiit (e to
allow hte to resume his busiaet.