Newspaper Page Text
J. MOTT SMITH,
Director of the Government Press,
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 9, 18G8.
r.-'3lB. O. vos Goswrrz having taken charge
fiof the Government Press during the absence
of Dr. J. Mott Smith, all basinets commnni
- cations are thereby requested to be sent to
Fbiday. the Uth day of December,
the biethday ol His Majesty, KLaiieuamc-
ha v. and will lie kept as a holiday, ah
pnblic offices will bo closed on that day.
Fkbs. TV. Hotchisox,
Home OScc Jfor. 12. 1668. Miniater of Interior.
FmnAV, the 2Sth of December, commonly
...rt.t Phrl.ttnn Tl.v. null Fridjtr. Jan. lit.
1869, are Government HolidsyB, and all Pnb-
. 1 ..i 1 . i
lie unices win e cju?eu.
TVnn. W. TftTTMlRO.
Home Office, Dec 6, 1SCS. Miniater of Interior,
OrnciAL Notice has this day been received
at this Department that during the temporary
absence of Uen. 1.. M. ilcUook, Jlinistcr lies
dent of the United States of America. Mi
Elias Perkins, Acting Consul of the United
States, will discharge the duties of Charge
d 'Affaires of the American Legation. All per
sons are requested to give fall credit to all
his nracial acts in tout capacity.
Signed Stephen" II. 1'mu.iM,
ilinlater of Foreign Affaire, ad interim,
DxMKtaxxT or Foanoy A rruas,
Honolulu, Dec lib. IMS.
Notice is hereby riven that the lion. Col
. D. Ealakaua is this day appointed Acting
Governor of Oabu, during my temporary ab
sence. Jso. O. Doums,
Governor of Oshu.
Governor's Office, Dec 4, 1668.
The Christmas A'acation of the Gov't Eng
lish Day Schools in Honolulu, will extend
from the JBth instant to tne ju proximo, com
mencing tho first term of the new year on
.Monday, January 4tn, iooj.
By order of tho Board of Education.
,W. Jas. Smith, Sec'y.
Education Office, Deo. 1st, 18GS.
The Coltit will go Into full mourning for
HislatoHighncssMataIo,Kckuanaoa, G. C. K.
Commander-in-Chief and member of Ills
Majesty's Privy Council of State, from the
date of this notice until two weeks after the
funeral, and will wear half mourning from
that time until tbo expiration of two months
from the day of the funeral. Ladles will wear
black with white trimmings for full mourn
ing, and white with black trimmings for half
mourning, lienticmen win wear macs wuu
crape on tne nat nuci lett arm lor mil mourn
ing, and crape on the bat and left arm with
their ordinary dress for half mourning. The
rnetnoersoi toe liovcromcut ana gentlemen
connected with tho Court will wear crape
with tbclr several uniforms.
Members of the Legislative Assembly, and
all the Representatives of Foreign Countries,
Consuls and Commercial Agents are Invited
to observe the period of mourning herein
prescribed, and the public generally are re
quested to show their respect for the memory
of His late Highness, by wearing badges of
mourning annus: tne time specified.
Chamberlain's Office, Nov. SO, IStJS.
Adjutant Gexeiul's Office, )
Honolulu, Nov. 30, 1SCS. J
TGencral Order No. 113.1
The Adjutant General to the forces has
been commanded to direct, on the present
melancholy occasion or me deatn or tils late
Richness Matalo Kekuanaoa. G. C. K-. Com
mander-in-Chief, etc., etc, that the o Ulcers of
tne lorces ana tne several volunteer compa
nits wear, when in uniform, black crape over
the ornamental part of the hat or cap, over
tne swora Knot, ana on tne icit arm, witn
black gloves, and a black crape scarf on the
The drums are to be covered with black.
and black crape Is to be liuncr from the color
staff of the infantry and from the standard of
When officers appear at Court In their nni-
forms,' they arc to wear black crape over tbo
ornamental part of the bat or cap, over the
sword knot, and on the left arm, with white
gloves ana a oiacK crape scan over tne sasn.
The period of mourning specified by the
court win De oosciTea ty tne lorces.
JNO. 0. DOMINIS.
- Adjutant General.
Whereas, Samuel N. Castle, President of
tbo Board of Trustees of tho "Makiki Family
School," and Charles R. Bishop, Secretary!
tnereot, nave duly represented to this Depart
ment, that at a meeting of the members of
the corporation of the Makiki Family School,
held at Honolulu on the 11th day of Septem-
cer, 1809, it was voted unanimously tnat tbo
said corporation should be dissolved, and
Wlereat the ssid Samuel N. Castle and
Charles R. Bishop have petitioned that the
said corporation may be dissolved, aud have
furthermore filed a certificate, and have in all
respects complied with section 1439 of the
Civil Code, and have further represented that
the said corporation has no debt.
A'oa' therefore, all persons are Tiereby re
quired to maae Known any objection tnat tney
may nave to the dissolution of the said corpo
ration, ou or before Saturday, the 30th of Jan
Feed. W. Hctchisox,
allnuter of Interior.
' Home Office. Nor. 28, 1668. ftS-Sm
The elections in tho United States have
passed, and over the full extent of that vast
country the votes of the people having
been cast, hare designated as their choice
for the Presidency Gen. Grant, and for the
Vice Presidency Mr. Colfax. The electioa
is certainly very significant, for in tho elec
toral college the successful candidates have
ten votes over two-thirds of tho whole
number, and a majority of over half a mil
lion in the popular vote. Many people
not accustomed to contemplate the work
ing of the Constitution of the United
States, do not appreciate the full signifi
cance of this fact. It is quite possible for
one to be elected President of the United
States and still not have a majority of the
popular vote, and in point of fact such an
event has occurred. This will be seen by
remembering that each State has votes in
the electoral college in accordance with
the number Jof their Representatives and
Senators in Congress ; so thatif New York,
for instance, should elect her 33 electors
by a majority of one thousand, and thoso
33 electors cast their rrote for a certain
candidate, end New Ursey by a majority
in that State of 1500 choose 7 electors.who
are to cast their vote for the opposing
candidate, there would be a. majority of
26 electors as far as those two States
were concerned in favor of one candidate,
though the popular majority in both States,
takes together, would be 5Q0 for the oppo
site candidate. This election, therefore,
shows not only the election of the Repub
lican candidates,. but that those candidates
are to be supported in Congress by im
mense majorities, probably two-thirds In
both Houses of Congress. It shows that
the CongresSonal measur-- f reconstruc
tion aro supported in the resort, and
are to be the policy of the next Presiden
tial term, and may therefore be taken to be
a fixed fact Before the end of the next
four years, all temper and feeling will have
passed away on these subjects, and the civil
war and its immediate effects will have be
come a thing of memory. It is therefore as
a closing act in the drama of the late civil
war and its consequences, that this elec
tion is of the greatest importance. W
publish on our first page the speech of the
Hon. Secretary of State for the United
States, delivered at his home, Auburn,
New York, on the 31st of October. Like
all things coming from that source, it will
well repay perusal, even by those who do
not take a very strong interest in the party
politics of the United States. Some of
the Eastern papers comment on it unfavor
ably, saying that it is a "here I am and
there you are " speech, whatever that may
mean. But the friend who bends its the
speech by letter post, remarks that unless
his " newspaper for which he pays 13 per
year told him to the contrary, he should
think it was a most excellent speech of a
most sensible man." It will probably
strike our readers in the same light.
One of the most significant facts in the
election is the return of General Butler to
the House of Bepreseutative3 by the
county of Essex in the State of Massa
chusetts. One of his opponents was a
Republican Richard H. Dana, Esq., a
most popular and highly esteemed man.
This most intelligent of constituencies, one
of the most intelligent in Massachusetts,
have supporled,-by their votes, this most
bold and pronounced partizan, in such a
manner as will give him a great influence in
tho next house, and certainly will demon
strate to all that he has tho confidence of
By late advices received from the Fii
jiis, wo learn that an important change
has taken place there, which must mate
rially affect the future history of those isl
It will be remembered that Thakambau",
King of the Fiijii$, two or three years since,
had to acknowledge an indebtedness of
about S 15,000 to the United States Gov
ernment, for losses sustained by certain
American subjects, for acts of depredation
and incendiarism committed by his native
subjects, for the payment of which a large
amount of land, including several islands,
The payment of the above indebtedness
becoming due, and probably to prevent
the interference of American interests on
the islands, a colnpany was formed at Mel
bourne, which sent agents to the Fiijiis,
and the result has been that, in a contract
duly signed by the agents and Thahomkau,
the company has agreed to pay to the
United States Government tho whole
amount due, with interest for one year,
in consideration of which 200,000 acres of
land aro ceded to them, including several
islands and a large tract on each of the
islands of Yanua Levu and Viti Levu.
In addition all goods imported into or ex
ported from the lands held by the company
are free of duty. For a farther considera
tion of one thousand dollars annually, the
company is granted a monopoly of the
banking interests of the Islands for twenty
years, with the privilege of issuing paper
The above contract was signed and
acknowledged by the principal chiefs.
Notwithstanding, therefore, the refusal
of the English Government, under the de
cision rendered. by Carl Smyth and Ber-
thold Seemann, as to the occupancy of the
Islands, they will become a dependency of
the English Government. Under the
above contract, which must involve' a
greater fiutlay than the purchase, the Eng
lish Government will be forced to extend
protection to trado beyond a mere super
vision, and result eventually in the occupa
tion of the entire group.
Ode esteemed townsman, Mr. Christo
pher H.Lewers,was obliged to call a meet
ing of his creditors, ou Monday of this
week. The utmost good-feeling seemed
to prevail among those present. The
amount of his indebtedness was shown to
bo $135,367 45, of which 584,778 had been
secured on the Waihee, or Lewers Planta
tion, on the Island of Maui ; by first mort
gage 872,100, and by second mortgage
$12,678. Mr. Lewers has likewise found
it necessary to encumber his property in
Honolulu with mortgage to the amount
of $24,633, leaving a balance of $25,956
unsecured. Aa it is absolutely necessary
that the plantation should be carried on,
and that funds should be advanced for cur
rent expenses, the holders of the first
mortgage, with the consent of Mr. Lewers,
entered into possession of it. On hearing
his statement, the gentlemen present con
curred in advising Mr. Lexers to make an
assignment for the benefit of his creditors,
aud designated Messrs. C. Brewer & Co.
and Mr. William L. Green as assignees.
This was immediately done, and it was then
proposed that, inasmuch as Mr. L. had vol
'nntarily given up all his property, a release
from all further claims be immediately
drawn and signed by those present. This
was likewise done very generally" and
promptly. Every one in this community
will deeply sympathise with Mr..Lewers.
The accumulations of years of industry
hare vanished as in a moment from him.
b one doubts the value and productive
ness of the plantation, but in view of mort
gages coming due, the demands of some
for their money, and the uncertainty as to
what conrso the holders Of the second mort
gage, who are residing abroad,, would see
fit to take, the difficulty of raising funds
to carry on the estate became insuperable.
It is at such times that any man, though
suffering under misfortune, may feel proud
of the advantages of a good reputation.
Every one seemed more solicitous for Mr.
Lewers' misfortune than for their own com
paratively small losses, and were more anx
ious that be might pursue his future without
unnecessary embarrassment, than captious
about their own claims.
To the Editor of the JTaieaiian Gazette:
Sib: In the Advertiur of last Saturday I
read with the deepest Interest the " Thanks
giving Sermon" preached by the Reverend
S. C. Damon, pastor of the Bethel Church In
this city, on the 26th of November last, and T
was unavoidably led to compare the remarks
of this honored and reverend gentleman upon
the King, Government and people of this
country, with those not long ago published
in the same journal as emanating from "an
American citizen" who was said to have "oc
cupied an influential position at the Islands
for the last ten years." As you ore not In
the habit of publishing sermons, yon will
permit me, pcrhapB, to call your attention to
the following short extracts from among
much other valuable and interesting matter
with which the sermon abounds. Speaking
to his American fellow-citizens residing in
these Islands, Mr. Damon said: "As Ameri
cans visiting and sojourning on Hatvailai
shores, we owe much to the liberal policy
and protecting care of this Government; ad
milling that religious teachers and capital
have come hither from America, still to the
kings, chiefs and people of Hawaii, wo are
under great obligations. In what foreign
land or port do Americans enjoy greater priv
ileges or more ample protection than we en
joy here ? Would American property or
shipping hare been any more secure even I
one of our own ports !" And again
no way can we as American citizens confer
more honor upon our own beloved country,
as we go abroad to visit or reside In forelg
lands, than by observing the laws of those
Unit. It is our duty to show that we are
the representatives of a free, Intelligent, civ
ilized aud Christian nation; and as such, are
a Law-abiding, God-fearing, Sabbath-keeping
and Bible-reading people." I honor truth,
Justice and courtesy; and for all these
honor the Rev. S. C. Damon, who gives them
utterance, and the congregation of Americans
and others of other nationalities, residents in
these Islands, who listened to the sermon
and requested Its publication.
Sir. Ilui-ace 3Iann.
Among the items In the papers, which ar
rived here by the last mall, we were pained
to read this short notice: "Last Wednesday
Nor. 11, died at Cambridge, Mass., tho eld
est son of Horace Mann." The numerous
friends, whom the deceased has left here on
our Islands, will undoubtedly share our feel
Mr. Mann came here In April, 1864, in com
pany with W. T. Brlgham, Esq., both gentle-
mcu having been appointed on a scientific
mission for the botanical aud geological
exploration of our group, by the Boston
Society of Natural History. Botany was the
part allotted to Mr. Mann, a branch of study
for which he was eminently fitted by prepar
atory studies made under tbo direction of
Prof. A. Gray, the highest scientific authority
on everything connected with the botany of
tho Pacific Ocean. From April, 1864, to July,
166S, he labored unremittingly in the pursuit
of his work, exploring in succession the isl
ands of Hawaii, Maul, Lanai, Oabu, and
Kauai, -while his friend, Mr. Bingham, sup
plemented the work by bis visits of the Islands
of Molokai aud Nlihan. The 'discovery of
about Si new species, Including 4ncw genera
of plants were tho result of his labors. The
most Interesting of these, plants, an abores-
cent composite, from the Island of Lanai,
which adds another to the few connecting
links of our flora with that of South
America, was described, and named by Prof.
A. Gray, after the discoverer, Hespero Man-
ma the rlrspart of the name being intend
ed to distinguish it from that of a homony
mous botanical explorer of the Cameroon
Mountains In Tropical Africa, George Mann,
a native of Germany.
Since his return to Boston, Mr. Jfanu has
teadily applied himself to the determination
of his plants, comparing them with those
deposited in the large herbarium of Prof.
Gray, which also contains a full suite of dupli
cates of the plants collected by Mr. Jv Remy.
The first result of these, labors and his re
searches in the literature of botany, bearing
Qn the Hawaiian group, was theEnumeratlo
Plantarum Hawalcnsium, which appeared"
In the beginning or 1607. Since that time
ho has been engaged In writing a'Flora of the
Hawaiian Islands, on the plan of the British
Colonial Floras, and A. Gray's 'Flora of the
Northern United States of America.' This
work, of which several proof-sheets were
sent to Honolulu by the author, seems to have
received a serious interruption by the highly
honorable call upon him to fill, tempora
rily, the botanical chair of Prot Gray, at the
University of Cambridge, during that gentle
man's prolonged voyage to Europe. It
would seem that the accumulated labors
were too much for the young man's frail
constitution. He was seized by that terrible
scourge of the New England States, con
sumption, which, from the beginning, must
have assumed a violent form. At all events,
his friends here had the first intimation of
his illness only by the mall preceding that
which brought the news of his death. He
had only attained the 34th year of bis age.
If honesty of purpose, high aim of life,
and the self-sacrificing and faithful discharge
of the duties, which such self-imposed aim
entails upon its votary, entitle a man to our
esteem and respect, It Is eminently due to the
deceased. His exploratory and scientific la
bors will always assign to his name a most
honorable place among those who have con
tributed to the Investigation of nature's
treasures on this group of Islands.
A late number of the Scientific American
contains an account of experiments now In
progress by Captain Ericsson, in the con
struction of a solar engine, to be driven by
air, heated by the direct action of the sun's
rays, which makes three hundred revolutions
per minute, without the consumption of any
fuel -whatever. The inventor asserts that,
before the close of the present season, bread
will be baked from flour ground bv the new
LATE fOBHGE NEWS.
Loxrxra, "Nov. Id "Parliamentary nomina
tion were made to-day in nearly two hun
dred boronghs and nine counties In England,
Scotland and Ireland. Great excitement pre
vails In all parts of the kingdom, but so far
the elections have been attended with little'
or no violence. Tho Liberals have gained
six members and forty-one constituencies.
There was a slight disturbance at Man
chester to-day, but It was- quieted by the it
forts of the police, and no other serious dis
turbances bare been reported.
Despatches from Paris state thtt Baroche,
Minister of Justice, and Pintrd, Minister of
the Interior, have issued instructions to pre
fects of departments requiring tbem to sup
press all public manifestations in regard to
the coup d'etat of the second of December.
The office of the Tempnewspaper has been
seized by the police and the publication of
that journal has been suspended. The French
Government has commenced prosecution
against other journals for alleged violation of
the press law.
Madkid, Nov. 16. The Republican party
Is gaining largely in Influence and numbers
in the cities of Seville and Cadiz.
A Prussian Pastoral Conference, composed
of one hundred and twenty clergymen from
all parts of Prussia, has issued the following
"Considering the pretensions of theRoman
Pontiff in the recent invitation to Protestants.
it would be desirable, not only for the Prot-
en'.e of that church to the Confession of
Morfori, the favorite of Queen Isabella, has
been dismissed. Ilia place Is now occupied
by Count E. P. Pilato, belonging to one of
the first families ot Navarre.
The Czar has issued a ukase in virtue of
which nine-tenths of the drinking saloons
now existing In the Russian Empire are to be
Fifteen thousand workmen are now In
Madrid without the means nf getting a liv
ing, and are receiving pay from the Govern
ment. Switzerland, Austria and Norway have
recognized the Spanish Government, under
the conviction that It will receive the sanction
of the Cortes.
New Yohk. Nor. 18. The Herald's Naples
special says: the streams ot lava ejected by
the eruption of Vesuvius have oversowed
the fosse, and are still flowing In the course
ol tbe eruption of 1S53. Last night the upper
cone aiscuargea volumes oi asues, occasion
ally illuminated by flashes of flame. The
spectacle Is magnificent. Many persons are
going from Naples to witness it.
London, Nor. 18. The French Gorern
inent has commenced a prosecution against
the Gauloit newspaper for an infraction of
tne press law.
Madicid, Nor. 18. The band of malcon
tents who held possession of Seville sincethe
revolution, but obstinately refused to obey
the orders of the National Government, were
yesterday dispersed by regular troops, after
a fierce combat Complete quiet has now
beeu restored in that city.
LosDOJf, Noy. 14. A fine meteoric display
was witnessed from the observutory of Ox
ford University to-night.
Paris, Nov. 14. Rossini, the great Italian
composer, died to-day, aged 77.
Washington, Nov. 15. The wedding of
bpeakcr Colfax and MUs Wade takes place
at Andover on Wednesdsy next.
London, November 15. The elections
absorb the attention of all classes of people.
Little business will be done during tbe week.
The cotton trade at Liverpool will be sus
pended on Tuesday and Wednesday, and
the breadstuffs market will probably be
closed on those days. Sanguine persons
estimate that Gladstone will hare a majority
of 130 in the next Honse.
Naples. November 17th. Vcsurlus is in
a rlolent state of eruption.
T ... ... X' t TT .
-luvcuiucr 1 4iu. DU1UII vuu uer
Heldt Minister of Finance, has offlclallr In
formed the Chamber that Bismarck will
resume his seat in thatjjody in December.
Tbe SenwcraVt cable special says that
nothing of an official character has yet been
made public, as to the matter submitted to
the Prussian Diet In reference to the urn
plrcship of King William In the question of
tbe claims of the United States on Great
Washington. November 17th. Orders
bare been Issued detachlug Admiral Farm
gut from command of the "European squad
ron. He will be placed on waiting orders.
General Grant has ordered superintendents
of mounted recruiting service at Carlisle
Barracks to forward without delay all dis
posable troops to Fort Harker. Kansas, to
report to General Sheridan.
Havana, November 17th. Gen. Rosc
crans arrived here to-day, and visited Cap
tain-General Lcrsundl In company with
Admiral Hoffman. Gen. Rosecrans leaves
for Mexico to-dav.
Vera Crnz dates to the 13th aro received.
The newspaper Tico Republics says Romero
will soon return to Washington, and Palaclo
win replace mm as secretary ot tne t reasury.
a siijnt shock ot canuqnaKe was leu at
I turbide on the 3d and Cth.
1 lie Mexican Congress has amiroved the
couiract lor tne vera uruz and Mexico Kan
The new Atlantic Cable. Thomsnn.
lacture or the new Atlantic telegraph, which
is to be submersed between Brest and u suit
able terminus on the shores of the State or
New lork, Is progressing satisfactorily. The
new cuuie is almost identical in construction
with those which were completed in 1S66.
the only difference belnsr that the diameter
of the conductlntr copper core is slisrhtlr
greater, and tho outside wires are homoge
neous ncsseiner steel, gaivanizea, navtnga
orea&ing strain 01 aoout l,uuu pounds, wnue
tbe wires outside the existing Atlantic lines
have a breaking strain of only about 600
pounds. The new cable will be laid in two
enirtbs one from Brest to St. Pierre. In
deep sea, and the other from St. Pierre to
me terminus oi taj miles In lenetb. not in
eluding slack. The latter section will be
similar to tbo Persian Gnlf cable, as it will
have to be laid In comparatively shallow
water, and its exterior wires will be pro
tected with Bright and Clark's patent silice
ous compound, which consists chiefly of
powdered flint and pitch. The construction
of the shore ends will be similar to that of
tbe existing Atlantic lines, and will rrindn-
ally become thinner until tbey assume the
oeep sea uitnenstons. During tne summer,
Her Majesty's shiD Oannet took sonndln-rs
along tbe proposed route, and from the re
sults of the operations It Is understood that
the bottom of the ocean Is nearly the same
In character as the bed in which the exist
ing cables arc laid, and of about the same
aepio. utile dui mua ana ooze were found
along tbe route. In order to arold the dan
ger of injury from rocks and icebergs, tbe
new line will be laid to the sonlhoflhs
present cabfes, below the southern edge of
me ureal joanK, so tuai rt- may ue lata In
deep water. Sir James Anderson, who will
command the Great Eaitern darinz the ex
pedition organized for the submergence of
me uue, oas maac ine ionowing onserva
lions regarding the Newfoundland Banks:
" Br keeclni: in tbe 00 fathom Hue urion
the Milne Bank, and around the southern
edge of the Grand Bank, there is no possi
bility of Ice, or any other agency that can be
suggested, Injuring tbe cable. The northern
edge or the Grand Bank was avoided because
it Is uncertain at what depth the icebenrs
ground. They arc ssld upon good authority
to ground at times In w fathoms. It Is not
certain at what depth tbe vessels employed
In tbe seal trade may sometimes choose to
drop an anchor for tbe purpose ofkeeping In
the track of the Icefloes. These dangers are
avoided by the track chosen for the proposed
cables, and I am Justified by myTiwn experi
ence In saying that the track from the south
ern edge of the Grand Bank to St. Pierre,
and thence to the place or landing In Amer
ica, Is entlrelr free from anr danger from Ice.
and docs not cross any anchorage resorted to
uy me ueei oi nsmog vessels."
The breaking strain or tbe new steel cable
will be TV tons, and the strain reonired for
submersion need sot be more than 14 cwt.
Eren IT, at any time, it be necessary to haul
up any portion or it already laid, tbe strain
need not .exceed 1 tons in the deepest
water. The weieht or coDDer forminir the
conductor nf the exlstln? Atlantic cabin la
300 pounds per knot; in tbe new cable, It
win ueaooutsuupoonas. tne ureal Juuiem
has arrived at Sheerness. -whence she will
proceed with the cable, probably in tbe end
or next June. After leaving tbe Medway,
the will go to Brest, to finish coaling, and
will thence start on the -telegraphic expedi
tion. London Times, Oct, 13.
cstant Church In Prussia, lint for all the I
evangelical churches of Germany, to renew 1 T"B1W3 7& t JLmS
before God- and men, by the mouths or their I f,iEhd,
ecclesiastical leaders', tlo unanimous adher- 'S?
We hare In the expulsion of Queen Isa
bella another example of that retributive jus
tice which has followed the race to which
he belongs for the lust SO years. The ques
tion of who Is to be her successor being yet
unsettled. It would be premature to say at
present that she would be the last reigning
Bourbon sovereign ; but in the meantime we
give a brief sketch of that celebrated royal
house, the history of which the events taking
t uiarc in apoin invest jusiuuw wuuapccuiiar
OBIGIS Or THE B0CXB03S.
' The House of Bonrbon. which has given
so many sovereigns to France, Spain and
Italy, is of French origin, deriving its name
from the old lords of Bourbon, a noble family
which, centuries ago, held very large lauded
possessions In the former province of Bour
bonnsis, situated In the center of France.
Through the marriage of a member ol the
Capet family with a Bourbon heiress, the
noble bouse became allied to royalty in'the
thirteenth" century, and about the middle of
the sixteenth we rind the first of the race on
a throne. In the person of Antolne de Bonr
bon, King of Navarre. Antolne was the
father of the gallant rnd renowned Henry of
Nararre, who afterwards became King of
France uudcr the title or Henry IV. With
this celebrated prince begins the hlstyyof
THE IJOCllBOX DTKASTT IN FRANCE.
And what a history! Extending from 15S9
when Henry IV ascended the French throne,
to 1830, when Charles X was driven out of
bis kingdom by the revolution of July, It
oi tieurvl. nit
first French revolution, there was no break
In the royal succession of the Bourbon line
in France Lonis XIIL, Lonis XIV., Louis
XV. and Louis XVL were all Bourbons;
but, taking the first and last or these fivo
kings as regards their qualities as rulers,
nothing could present a sharper contrast
than the character or the first French Bour
bon ov--f ign, llMnry th great" and "the
good," aa his people delighted to stylo him,
and that or tbe unfortunate 'son of St. Louis'
who fell by the guillotine. Whatever the
original virtues of tbe Uousu might bare
been, by tbe time that tbe volcanic outburst
of tbe revolutionary spirit flrstshook France
and tumbled a dishonored throne Into the
dust, the race had become wofully degen
erate. Tbe guillotine did not, however, fin
ish It In France From tbe stormy days of
tbe Revolution, and through those of tbe
Consulate and the Empire, the two brothers
oi tne uniortunate Lonis uvea ln;exlle; out
when Napoleon fell, the eider of them was
placed on the throue by the Allies under tbe
title ofLoul4XVIII.,-a son or Louis XVL,
who died while yet a child In 1705, tad been
tbe seventeenth of that name. Louis XVIII.
had no children, aud ou bis death, which
took place In 1S24, he was succeeded bv his
brother, Charles X. But experience had ut
terly failed to teach wisdom to this obstinate
and tyrannical ruler, who sought to restore
the absolutism of the French monarchy,
tho consequence of which was that a revolu
tionary outbreak occurred In July, 1SS0,
compelling tbe King to flee from France, and
finally to abdicate. The latter he did. In fa
vor of his grandson Henry, Dnke of Bor
deaux; but tbe act came too late to tare his
house. Louis Phlllippe had already been
Chosen King or the French, and the Bourbons
were, to all human appearance, forever ex
cluded from the French tbrone. The only
surviving descendant of Charles.'and repre
sentative of the alleged claims of the Bour
bons to tbe French tbrone. Is that same
grandson, knov;n as the Count de Chambord,
who Is 48 years of age. He Is, of course, an
exile, but is regarded as tbe lawful King or
France by the legitimists, whose hopes or a
restoration be feeds by occasionally holding
levees in a kingly style.
TUE BOUKBONS IN SPAIN.
Tbe establishment of the Spanish Bour
bon dynasty originated with Louis XIV. of
France, who, in the year 1700, succeeded In
filaclng his grandson, Phillip, Duke of An
ou, on tbe tbrone or Spain, as Phillip I.
The descendants or Phillip rnfed without in
terruption, until. In 1803, Napoleon compel
led King Charles IV. to resign, and nominat
ed a successor to blm In tbo person or Joseph
Bonaparte, the Emperor's brother. Charles
died at Rome in 1811, and after tbe overture w
of Napoleon, the eldest son or Charles as
cended tbe Spanish throne, as Ferdinand
VII. Dying, in- 1830, Ferdinand left tho
crown to his daughter Isabella, In whose
favor lie had set. aside, by royal decree, tbe
salic law forbidding a female to sit upon the
throne. Tho claims of Isabella were con
tested by Ferdinand's brother, Don Carlos,
which garc rise to the Carllst war, but Don
Carlos having failed to establish bit preten
tious eventually resigned tbem, and died In
1835. nis son, tbe Count Montemolln, in
1860. reuouuerd alUcIalm to tbe throne of
Spain. The Bourbon princes of Spaiti have
inrariably exhibited the worst characteristics
or their race foremost among which are a
passion fornbsolnte power, and u proneness
to sensual self-lndultencc and under their
pernicious rnle every Interest, the prosperity
of which constitutes the strength and glory
of a nation, has dwindled away.
THE BOCKEONS IN HALT.
Thelatc Bonrbon dynasties or tbe Kingdom
of Naples and the Duchies of Parma and Pla
cenza were founded by Phillip V. of Spain
In the early part or tbe 18th- century. Tbey
were overthrown for the time by tho first
Napoleon, but after bis downfall tbe Bour
,bous were restored to tbe Kingdom of tbe
Tn o Sicilies, which they continued to govern
till the revolution of i860 drove Francis II.
to Gaeta as a refuge. This prince still lives,
an exile and a murderer, and It does not seem
probable that he will erer recorer his posses
sions. The Bourbons of Parma and Placeu
za lost those duchies In 1659, which were
annexed to Sardinia, and now-form a part or
the Kingdom or Italy.
THE TOUNOEB BHASCU Or THE rAMILT.
The branch or tbe Royal Family or France,
known as the House or Orleans, la a younger
branch or tho Bourbon family, and was
rounded by Phillip-. Dnke or Orleans, the
younger brother of Lonis XTV. From him
aescenaen mo uuKe or Orleans wuo played
so remarnaoiea part miue first trench revo
lution as Citizen Egalite, and met so tragical a
rate, pcrlihlmr bv the trnlllntine In 1703.
Louis Phillippe, chosen King or the French
In the Revolution or July, 1S30, was tbo ton
or Egalite; and the Connt or Paris, grand
son of Louis Phlllippe, is tbe present repre
sentative or the Orleans branch or the Bonr
bon family. It will be remembered that this
prince and bis younger brother, the Dnke of
Chartrcs, were with onr array for some time
during tbe lato war. The Count of Eu, an
other of Lonis Phillippe's grandsons, Is the
husband of the eldest daughier of (he Em
peror or Brazil, tbo heiress ot the throne or
Brazil; and the Dnke of Mootpensier tbe
youngest son of Louis Phlllippe, it married
to Maria Isabella, Infante orSpain, and sister
or Queen Isabella, Tbe party in Spain,
known as tbe Liberal Union, is supposed to
be in favor of his election to tbe Spanish
throne, In tbe room or Isabella. A". T. Tri
bune. The WnALnco Movtmevt. A meetlur
has been held at the store of E. Marvin. Esq..
for the purpose or considering maturely the
advisability or supporting our whaling Inter
ests. The meeting was attended by some of
tbe merchants and business meu of tbe city,
who resolved to prosecute wfiale fishing in
our waters on tbe opening of tbe ensuing
spring. With this view a company was formed
wltb a capital of $10,000, and before tbe meet
ing broke np all tbe shares except eighteen
were taken, viz. 82 out of 100. The board of
management consists or J. R. Stewart, Edgar
Marvin, Capt. Stamp, Capt Raymurand Mr.
T. I. Stablschmldt, with Mr. John Entailer
as secretary. It Is further stated that Capt.
Roys, who managed the late expedition, will
go to Honolulu before' tbe ensnlng season
commences, and engage competent bands to
assist blm in carrying out the intentions ol
the new cdmpany. Unfavorable weather
rendered the late expedition unsuccessful ;
but tbe formation of this new company, con
taining aa it does many or our best names,
both as managers and stockholders, gives ui
reason to hope that next year will make lm
portant developments In connection with
this Interest EritUh CUonlU.
The America?! Abut. The armv. as It
now exists, consists or 5 artillery", 10 cavalry
and 45 Infantry regiments, whleb, with the
starT, comprise 49.93S enlisted men aud 2,943
commissioned officers, tbe latter Including
one General, one Llentenant-Geseral, fire
Major-Generals and 19 Brigadiers.
A detnalch from India announces the death
ortbe King of Siam. ' '
" ' AT " -
, .a, EVENING
List of Foreign Jurors
DRAWN for the Circuit Conrt. of
tbe Second Judicial Circuit to ba held
at Lahaina, Island or Mani, on the second
Tuesday or December next-
J O Neil
E II Bailey
T Dickenson jr
A P Jones
D P Sandford
F A Ondinot
H Dickenson jr
N F Sayre
G B Norton
N II Spencer
W P Alexander
J I Goner
E II Rogers
N W Bush
Clerk of Supreme Court
Notice to Landholders on Hawaii.
THE UNDERSIGNED; by the au
thority rested IS him as Commissioner of
Boundaries for the 3d Judicial Circuit, accord
ing to the law approved June 22d, 1868,'here
hy gives notice to all persons who have had
their grants allowed them and no settlement
or boundaries made, to send in their petitions
for the adjaitment of the boundaries of said
lands, at tbe Court House in Hilo, Island of
R. A. LYMAN,
Commifsioner or Boundaries.
Hilo, Hawaii, Nor. 17th, 1868.-15-11
Notice to Landholders on Oahu.
rnilB UNDERSIGNED, br tho au-
I thority vested In him as Commissioner of
Boundaries for the 1st JuJieiU Circuit, acconi
ing to the law approved June 22d, 1868, here
by gives notice to all persons who nave Baa
their grants allowed them and no settlement
or boundaries made, to send in their petitions
for the adjaitment of tbe boundaries of ssid
lands, at the Court House in Honolulu, Island
W. P. XAMAKAU,
Commissioner or Boundaries.
Honolulu, Oct. 27, 1883. 45-it
A SMALL LOT OF FARINA,
JL Just Received from Kauai. The flnt or
the new crop, now coming in. For sale by
li-lm . F. A. SCHAEEER A CO.
LEATHER BELTING, SADDLE & BRIDLE
LEATHER, KIP, CALF & MOROCCO,
FBOU THE CELEBRATED
THE LEATHER liELTING from
this Tannery is warranted tho best in the
market. Tho Belts are ail out acroia the hides
from choice leather, and are thoroughly stretch
ed and shaved. Any lire male, including i,
t and 5 Inch.
All of the above are of a very superior qual
ity, and can bo obtained at the Store of the
undersigned on Queen Street, or made to
order. L. L. TORBERT.
42-3m Agent for the Hilo Tannery.
L. L. TORBERT.
T JNSEED OIL Hubbuck'n Pale
JU Boiled, in 6 gallon, drams, ,
Liverpool Green, in 5 lb cases,
Paris Green, Prussian Bine,
Celestial Blue, Chrome Green,
CAilSOX'8 AStTI-COKOSIVK PAIXT,
, In 10 lb Tins,
Deep Green,' ' ' '
Light Portland Stone,
Chocolate A Black.
These are the only Paints that will stand
the sun in the tropics without blistering, and
are the belt paints for every description or out
door work, Vessels, Iron Work, Doors, Shut
ters, Fences, etc..
Copal Varnish, fine Cabinet, in U gal. cans.
Glazier's Diamonds, for sheet and plate glass
Tracing Paper, 42, 30, and 13 in. wide.
Nails, all sites. Cut and Wrought
Per Garstang and Wilhelm,
Welch Roofing Slat., 10 by 20,
Window Glass, all sizes,
White, Red, Blue, Orange,
Green, Purple aud Crimson.
Tie above are offered at Very Low Print
42 FOR CASH. lm
THE UNDERSIGNED HAS CON
stantly on band and for sale
Medium, Navy and Pilot Bread,
From the Celebrated Steam Bakery of
Campbell & Co.,
(Late NICHOLS ft CO.) San Francisco, which
he offers for tale at tbe lowest market rates.
We the undersigned, Ship-Masters, hare
used Nichols A Co.'s Hard Bread for the past
four years, and find it superior to any we have
had in San Francisco. For the past two sea
sons we have taken their Bread exclusively,
and do eheerfally recommend it si the best
for long sea service that we hare used on this
Jas. B. Ilcxmo, Master Bark Fanny,
N. B. Wilcox, Matter Bark Massachusetts,
W. N, Babies, Master Bark Eugenia,
L. N. Hcbe.ideei, Master Bark Helen Mar,
D. R. Phaser, Mailer Ship Florida,
H. Coorr, Master Bark Harrison';
A. Wheldox, Matter Bark John Howland.
Sax Fjujcisco, Nor. 27, 1808.
My owners have been oilne Nichols A Co.'s
Hard Bread for the pait three seasons and caa
recommend it as being A No. 1 to- keep on
board ship eighteen months alto that it u u
crisp and good at the end of tnat time at when
Urn put on board.
A1EABAX W. PlZBCI,
0 Agent for Swift A Allen, X. B.
ALEX. J. CARTWRIGHT.
Honolaln, Oct. 1808 SS-3m
CAXJFOaKIA. OXEfiflX AITS XXXMt
San FfaMtsciari Mite Lm.
Tbe Ompasy't Splendid A 1 Steamships
IDAHO & MONTANA,
WILL RUN REGULARLY BEIWEEX
Hoiolulu aad Ska Fr&aeie,
4 ij the following ScheUnl ot Time :
" Not. ST
" De. 18
" J.iv SB
" Feb. 19
at an una.
Oct UlSotcrd'TOct 51
XoT.'a. " x,Ti-t
Sor. 301 " Dee. i
Dee. til Dee. SS
Jan. Ill " Jan. IS
reh. I,' Frt.
F.U.2S - ItUS
Liberal Advances Made or all
Shipment per Steamer.
Cargo for Sad. Francisco will be received
at the Steamer's Warehouse, and receipts for
the sama given by tbe undersigned. No
charge for storage or cartage. Fire rijki (a
Warehouse not taken by th? Compary
Insurance guaranteed at lower rates than by
ailing veasels. Particular care taken ef ship
ments of Fruit.
All orders for Goods to b purchased in San
Francisco, will be received and filled by return
fShipmects from Europe and the United
States, intended for these Islands, will ba re
ceived by the Company in San Francisco, ir
eonslgned to them, and he forwarded by their
Steamers to Honolulu, razz or cnazoz, ex
cept actual outlay.
a.Pasiengers are rsqnesUd. to take their
tickets before 12 o'clock on the day of sailing
and to procure their Passports.
All bills against the Steamers mas tb .pre
sented before two o'clock on the day or sail,
ing, or they will hare to lay over till the re
turn of the Steamer for settlement
H. IIACKFELD i CO.,
HAWAIIAN PACKET LINE.
For San Francisco.
tbe fui CLirrzK bark
Jm W. SEAVER, M
RE ANY, Mailer.
WILL HAVE DISPATCH for the aboTe- port.
For freight and passage, having tuperiot
accommodation! for a few Cabin and Steerage
panengert, apply to
WALKER 4 ALLEN,
HAWAIIAN PACKET LUTE.
For San Francisco.
The fallowing First-Clan Ves
sels will ran regularly In the
Honolulu tin :
1. C. MUKRAV.
clara k. strrii.
Eor Freight or Pasiage, having Snprrfor
Accommodations for Cabin and Steerage Pas
sengers, apply to
WALKER A ALLEN,
33-3 m Agents.
the clipper scnooia
Carrying tie Hatcaiian Mail icitkcnit SuUUft
Will Leave Honolulu Every Saturday.
at Fonr o'clock p. jr.. Returning, will leave
Nawiliwili every Tuesday afternoon.
or t reigni or i-anaee. apply to
38-3m D. FOSTER A CO.
REGULAR PACKET FOR HILO.
toe cupper scnoojtn
ODD FELLOW, 3L
Will run regularly as a Packet between Hono
lulu and Ullo. For freight or past age, apply
on board, or to CHUNG HOON,
Will run as a regular packet between Iloae
lulu and Molokai, toothing at Kaonaiakai
and Pukoo. For freight or passage apply to
the Captain on board or
38-3m n. PRENDEROAST. Agent
For Lahaina and Mafcee's Landing.
The One staunch cllpp.tr schooner
'if ATP i rrcM
E. D. CRANE. Master.
Will run regularly and punctually on the
above route. For freight or passage tpnlv
to the Master Onboard, or to 3
oni u. BREWER & CO.
For Hilo and Katpknea, Hawaii.
Will run as regular packet to the there
ports, touching at LAHAiNA. Forfnirhtor
pasiago apply to
WALKER A ALLEN,
For Hilo and Jflfffiea, Hawiii.
Will run as a regalar packet to tht abort
ports. For freight or patsag apt.lv is
38-3 WALKER A ALLEN.'AgtnU.
The A 1 British Baric
378 TOSS REGISTER.
This Yeml it almost new, baring mad.
but the passage from Liverpool to Victo
ria, and from Paget Sound to this port.
Her Muts. Sails and Rigging art all la
good order, and the vessel rates A 1 at Lloyd
for sertn yean.
For farther particulars' apply to
CAPT. J. H. BWUT,
or C. BREWER A CO..
rite 22xtingukfers !
08DES3 WILL BS RECEIVED BT TEE
- undersigned for
to be fotwwM ria Fan Mat, or fcr tfce ?tck
ett; via Ctt Hora. "
42.3m C. BRUT! A CO.