Newspaper Page Text
J. MOTT SMITH,
Director of the Government Press.
TTEDNSDAY. PEC. 16. 1S6&
7x1!) AY. th iSth f Pwtalc, coemotJj'
caHevi Chriatnaj Day. and Friday, Ju. 1st.
1549. are Geeersriect Hsilays, and all Pab
Iie 05 will b dtnL
Fm. W. Hrronsox,
Boo OOa, Etc. f, lSeSv lliairtcx of latrrkr.
OrriciaL Xttice has tail day been received
at this Pepartzent tilt doriag th temporary
abscaee of Gut. E. il. ilcCook. Minister Resi
dent of the United States of America. Mr.
Eiu Perkins, Aeiisg Oesral ef the United
Stain, wffl discharge the daties f Cbaxg
d 'Affaire of the Aaerina Legation. All Kr-
iffii art requested ta pre fall credit to all
til cf eial acts ia that capacity.
Signed) Siu-aas IL Pbujlim.
Tgxmx AJf 13S, 1
Oaetels. Dee. Sea. IMS. j
Ma. A. carra has been appelated Road
Supervisor for the district of Sath Kona,
Island of HsvaE. ia accordance with sectiaa
Hi of the GtS. Cede.
Fran. W. HrrcHises,
EototOCc. Ive.lt, 1S. ilisirter rt Uterior.
Tez Cockt will go into fall moarninc for
Bis late Highnes Matalo Kcknaaao, G.CE.
Commander-la-Cnkf and member of lilt
VVtT't PriTT f!ormil of tat from the I
date of thl notice until two week after the ! construed to interfere with those quiet oc
funeraL aad "wHl wear half mourning from , .- ... .' - . . , ....
that time uotH the expiration of twoionth 1 capations. which pertain to the individual
from tlx day of the funeral Ladies vriH wear alone, or his immediate fatnilr. Xor is it
black with white trimmings for fall mourn-1 . . . ,
lc, aad white with black trfmntlns for half ! construed, in its enforcement, so as to re
inournlcs. Gentlemen win wear Wack with 5 train anr of the trades, which are as ab-
ua ua Mil ! ini Auk tut liui uvwu'
Isg, and crape oa the hat and left arm with
their ordlaary dreM for half mourola. The
member of the Government and senttemen
connected with the Court will wear crape
with their kvciuI cnUorms.
Members ot the Legislative Assembly, and
all the preseatittT of Foreign Coontrka,
Coaioli and Commercial Artntj are invited
ta obnre the Deriod of motmlnr herein
prescribed, and the public Keaerallj are re-
attested to show their respect for the memory
of His late UighneM, bjweariiar badrs of
mourning durUs .the time enraged.
Chamberlain's Office, ov. 30, ISS.
Ad.tt.lst Geszxxl's Oma,
Houolalu, Not. 30, f
f General Order a 111
The Adjutant General to the forces has
been commanded to direct, on the present
melancholy occasion of the death of Ills late
Etzhness Matalo Keksanaoa, G. C K, Com-maader-lQ
-Chief, etci, etc, that the officers of
the forces and the several volunteer compa
nies wear, when Inuniform, black crape over
the ornamental part of the hat or cap, over
the sword knot, and on the left arm, with
black gloves, and a black crape scarf on the
The drums are to be covered wKh black,
and black crape Is to be hue; from the color
staff of the infantry and from the standard of
Whn -officer? appear at Court in their uni
forms, they are to wearbtack crape over the
ornamental part of the hat or cap, over the
sword knot, and on the left arm, with white
gteves and a black crape scarf over the sash.
The period of meurniss specified by the
Court wiH be observed bv tke forces. !
JSO. 0. DOMLMS.
WniarAS, Samuel X. Castle, President of
the Brd of Tnatees of the "Maliii Faaj
School." aad Charles B. Bishop, Secretary
thereof, have dolj represeated to this Depart
Beat, that at a meeting ef the members of
the corp&ratios of the Maktii Fan Br School,
,9lala ".S Uth-4x1 ?f
titt corporation should diicd, n4 ,
Samuel y. Castle aad ;
jaid corporation mar he dissolved, aad have
farthermere led a eertiaeate. and have ia aH
i: i ti k.
CivU Code, aad have farther represected that I dispensable to all it must be made in
the said eorporatioa has bo debt, ! faTor of others. Least of all should it be
Jr tXmftrt, au persoos are hereby re- , .
iaired to make known aar otjeetioa that thev ! tsade in favoc of aa occupation which none
may have to the dissolution of the said eorpo- reckon absolutely necessary most post
ration, oa or before Satarday, the 34th of Jan-1 Vl
cary, IK J. i tively injurious which is ruinous to many
Fixs. W. HcTcatsos,
Minister cf Interior.
Order of Procession
For the Faaeral of His Late Hisrhsess
Grand Cross of the Order of Kamehameha I.,
Alihihasa Xai, Member of Bis Majesty's
Privy Council of State, Etc., Etc.
Prince of Hawaii's Own.
The PabEe Schools.
Hcnolala Fire Department.
.Mechanics' Bcact Union
.'.Iadeesd't Order ef Odd Fellows.
. Attendia Phyeieiaaa-
Kcaohisi. Teoaats, aad Retainers
of Ills Late Hiaess' Estate.
"-" Gorxxsoa or Oanc asi Siarr.
- - "Bocolals Bif.es.
Marines of IT. S. S. Ossipee.
Bcsseheld Servants of Bis Lata
The Homan Catholic Clery.
The EighrEer. Bis Lordship tho
iUshop of Arathea.
Th Clergy of tho Hawaiian
Eeforced Cathotie Church.
Tho Protestant dergy.
The Pastor of the Eawaiahaa
i 5 x
s. I 3-5
Z 2 i
HIS MAJESTT THE EISO.
The Kief's Chancellor.
Goremcrs of the difermt Islands.
Foreica'Eeprrsentatives aad Captain ef the
IT. S. S. Osaipee."
Jada-ej ef Sapretse Court.
Xeahers cf the Legislative Assembly.
' Coasalar Corps.
OSccra cf the U. S. S. " Osaipee."
Membera of (he Bar.
HawaHaa Cavalry. 1
'The faaeral will take place os TUESDAY,
the !2i iartaxt. The prceessica wiS b fona
md no. Sag Street, ia front ef the Palace, at
1 0 o'clock. A- aad win move posctaally
at 11 'A, M. The pneesaoawin be aader the
'direciica of tho Goressor ef Oaha.
Orricz er txi GsvrxsoB mr Oxarr
Hoeolala, Dec Ilth, liii.
"Wat hare great pleasure in rattening
the communication of our correspondent
PuMicoU," ami hope that, at all time,
any who may hare thoughts to 'communi
cate to the public. vQt angers tied that it
U one of th purposes for which this pa
per is estabuaaed, to obtai -i expression
of opiaiou from all who tue desirous cf
expressing their Tiers upon any subject,
in a proper manger; nor does it make any
difference, in this respect, whether their
views happen to correspond with those ad
vocated by this paper. Upon the sub
ject of Sunday laws, the Hawaiian Gov
ernment, in its legislative, executive, and
judicial functions, has hitherto been uava
rvicrin its "Views.
A sumptuary law is one made to re
strain the expenses of citizens in their
food, dothinir, rv furniture, and, as our
correspondent fays, is difficult cf execu
tion. These laws soon become odious to
aH, because they interfere with the liberty
of aH subjecting every one to espionage
to see whether the laws are enforced, and
j producing jealousies between neighbors,
I X. . wtr,.!
, ' .
to see iuai tue ncu oo not avoiu mem :
aad thus the observation on private life
becomes universal or the bw soon be.
comes a dead ktter. Our Sunday law is.
therefore, in no sense a sumptuary enact
ment. It. does not attempt to limit the
expenses of any one. The enactment is
not in restraint of human freedom, but,
on the contrary, in the interest of it
Though it prohibits all worldly bosines3
and amusement oo scadav, it is never
solutely necessary on that day as any
other, from furnishing their wares during a
reasonable portion of the day. Ilence
the milkman, the baier, the butcher, and
the apothecary are available, cot only in
this, but ia all communities where such
I laws .are enforced, at certain customary
! . . , , ,
' bours of Iay as m the morning, for
.instance. And'in this connection, we ap-
! . . ... , . . f"
ths corn-field is more applicable than it
would be to the keeping open houses for
retailing ardent spirits, or places of amuse
ment. Our correspondent is mistaken in
thinking that such laws, do dot prevail in
other parts of the world: They are of
universal enforcement in all the Xew
Keg land communities, and Tery general in
ail communities .deriving their laws and
customs from them, or from Scotland.
The mijority of our people believe that
Sunday is, in Tery truth religiously
speaking a sacred day; and all that they
require from their fellow citizens is that
they shall abstain from labor, and such
amusements as offend their sense of right,
on that day. Surely, inasmuch as the
other six days are. left, this is no great
concession for the religious community to
But here step in the Legislators, and
some, moved by the same sense of religions
obligation to which we have alluded, and
others, by the knowledge that, physiolo
gically speaking rest from labor is neccs-
7. a I3- us frequently as one day in
Ten, they make the carrying on of all
vnpatirtr? ilTpirt? Tf in TpTtm clnnL?
be made in favor of one always except
ing the case of those which are alike in-
for which injurious traffic, annday, being
a day of enforced leisure in other occupa
tions, would give most opportunity and
temptition, not only to those wrongly in
clined, but to those most easily tempted.
Vi'e have said above that the enactment
cf these laws is in the interest of freedom.
This may seem a paradox yet, leaving
aside the religious aspect of the question,
the assertion is true. By nuking labor
unlawful, they likewise cake cull and void
all contracts for labor, and take away, for
the most part, temptations to labor, so
that the rich or greedy are not able to
force or tempt the needy or avaricious to
work on that day. They give the sanctity
of the lav to the custom of pausing on
that day from grinding toil, or in the
headlong rush after the fancied good of
wealth, and give the opportunity to rest
oneself, to think of something else and
to enjoy, in a quiet way, one's family, and
those comforts of which he may be pos
sessed. That labor which is respectable
on the other days of the week, becomes
the contrary on Scnday. That rest idle
ness, if joa please which was disreputa
ble, during the six preceding days, becomes
respectable on this day of all-pervading rest.
J. II. WOOD Ti. SIXC ZITSCI1, AID
snrc zitscii v. J. n. wood.
The points at issue in these cases, which
have both been decided adversely to the
Japanese in the PoEee and District Court
of Honolulu, are as foUotrs:
One morning, three Japanese, of whom
Sing Zttsch was one, appeared at the Gov
ernment Hesse, with some rice boiled in
much water, so that the kernels were
swimming about, and desired to make
complaint that they were inefficiently fed.
They being unable to make themselves
understood, otherwise than by signs, they
were told to sit down until an inter
preter could be called, when it appeared
that they complained that deductions
were' made, from their wages ; and that
Sing Zitsch hsmag complained cf being HI
of s bowel complaint, sose days before,
hti bees off work, aad that his employer
had given his the rice which he had in
his hand, which he (the laborer), claimed
to be insuScient to supply the necessities
nf n.tn It n. Trr difflrolt to nmr-
stand them, for the interpretation is ex
ceedingly imperfect, and the time con
sumed was very long so that it was
nearly three o'clock when they were told
to go home to the plantation, and that
the magistrate would listen to - their com.
phuct on a certain day, which had in the
meantime been fixed ; and a summons was
issued to their employer to show canse
why his contracts should not be cancelled,
ia accordance with the 1,423d Section of
the Civil Code.
It subsequently appeared that the
employer had procured process to be
issued against them for desertion, in " be
ing absent from his service without leave,"
in accordance with the 1.419th Section nt
. the Civil Code. The Japanese, when they
left the Government House, immediately
proceeded home to the plantation, as they
were directetl indeed, they had no knowl
edge that any process had been sued out
against them. Their employer thereupon
received two of the men, but refused to
receive Sing Zitsch, and requested the offi
cer, who held the process, to keep him in
the Lock-up, and produce him before the
Court the next morning.
Xow it is claimed, on behalf of the
Japanese, that going to the Board' of Im
migration, or any magistrate for redress of
a grievance, without leave of the employer.
is not a desertion within, the meaning of
the law in other words, that every man
has a right to go to the magistrate leave
or no leave and the magistrate will be
the judge of te frivolity of the complaint ;
and further, when a man offers to return,
and go to work, that the employer must
receive him, and allow him to go to work.
It was then suggested in behalf of the
employer, that thongh this laborer had not
really left the plantation until AVednesday
night, yet, inasmuch as heliad not worked
on Monday and Tuesday, claiming to be ill,
it might be considered that he refused to
work, and that the bowel complaint was a
mere pretext to cover the refusal, and thus
came within Section 1,420. To this it
was objected that such a refusal was not
the refusal contemplated by the statute,
but that an obstinate anJ rebellious re
fusal to work, was the refusal contemplated
by law ; nor was it the desertion contem
plated by the summons, and sought to be
made out by the employer in his com
plaint If a man claims to be ill, and is
treated by his employer as a sick man, by
dieting or otherwise, that it Is to be taken
as a conceded Cict that he is ill, and not
to be raised against him thereafter, on an
other occasion as a pretense-; and that
this case fell within that line, vir, that
the man claimed to be sick, and thereupon
his employer allowed him to remain in the
house, and limited his diet to a compara
tively small quantity of rice, boiled in a
comparatively large quantity of water.
The fact that he was sick, as he com
plained, did not seem to be controverted
to the laborer at the time, and was 'here
fore to be taken as conceded.
It appeared upon the trial that the
Japanese had received in cash a very
small sum of money for the services ren
dered during four months as it was un
derstood, cot more than 53,75, the rest
I of his wages being used np by deductions
sickness it being alleged that during the
mouth of July, he only made 64 days,
being ill of a cutaneous disease when he
left the ship. It is claimed on the part of
the Japanese that if his sickness is not
brought upon him by his own imprudence
or folly, he is entitled to his wages with
out deduction; that the non-payment or
them, notwiti tan ding he was apparently
admitted tobe sick, and his arrest, under
the circumstances above stated, and the
refusal to receive him, when he had vol
untarily returned after making his com
plaint, and causing him to be placed in
the Lock-up, were violations of his con
tract which entitled him to have it can
celled. The magistrate .having decided against ,
the laborer upon all the points raised in
his favor, the ease was thought to be of
saffkient importance to be appealed to the
Supreme Court, in order that the rights
of parties, nnder the contracts, may be
Mb. Editor: There exists a class of indi
viduals in most communities who consider
themselves In daty bound to always oppose
whatever measure or Institution comes from
the Government for no other reason nut the
fact of its cmsnsting from that source. To
satisfy them would be a hopeless task: they
are only satisfied -with their own beloved
selves. Whether the public at large is the
gainer, or the actual and final loser through
their reckless criticism, Is a matter of com
plete Indifference to them, provided that
some small annoyance is caused to those
who are at the head of public affairs. And
yet they call their mission one of Peace, of
Charity, of Love! It being- an old estab
lished truth that it It easier to criticise
to create, to destroy than to build up, It can
not be wondered at that the laudable exer
tions of these Impartial knights of negation
are frequently crowned with the only success
they are entitled to, namely, to be applauded
by a thoughtless crowd. The greatest an
noyacce to its band of public benefactors is
to have to deal with statistics; cor Is their
avenion to that branch of political science
Hl-tbucded. lumbers are not so easily to
be dealt with as words, and the eloquent de
lineator of public instruction In a local pa
per of this city can not help admitting
thongh with bad grace the exactness of the
statistics concerning the cumber of children
In the common schools, and In those assisted
by the Government, as given In the dxzrm
of the 2nd lost. Bis indignation toos tad
vent, however, through another ebmnneL
I He has caught two chootmaattrs &ms: In
! lhe "T " f moklog a pipe, it aoes not
: caller so much with one, he being an Idiot,
oor anthropdloyUIX but tho other wretch
a tax-collector to boot was, o horror of
horrors I actually reeklnj: with tobacco
smoke If this severe censor of human frailty
should ever extend his Inspcctis; tours In the
detective line as far as the Klaccom of Prussia
or the Xorth-Gcrman Confederation, where
public education is generally admitted not to
be behind the age, he would, no doubt, have
some similar astonishing items to bdok.
AVhat would he ray hen he had found out
every schoolmaster In the country to be a
corporal or a sergeant in disguise, who had
to shoulder his needle gun and shutuptte
establishment for six entire weeks dnrlngthe
year Rather mixed, compadre, eh?
"It docs not require a sublime amcuut of
wisdom to detect a worthy school that re
quires assistance." Certainly sot: though
more than it does to treat tie matter thus
flippantly, and it may requiro some amount
of tact and Jcdgmentto mite a proper choice
amidst a great many applications of the klnC.
The purse of the Government most needs
be proportional to the sum appropriated by
the Legislative Assembly to the cause of
public education. If to the censor, the Gov
ernment appears "like a rich family distrib
uting small charities to Its neighbors," cer
tainly It appears In a very desirable and en
"The fsct that, following around the-circuit
of Oahu, It was bat a short time sluce
that more than one-third of the children
kyj-c attending Independent schools," seems
a strange arzuuient to find In our ceniori
philippic I hope to have his permission to
thick that he would not have felt sorry If
the case had been reversed.
Education txln- too serious and too Im
portant a subject to be frivolously treated, I
must abstain from criticising the strange
model for an Inspector-General, or, as he
wants blm styled, "Superintendent," of Pub
lic Schools, drawn np by the writer of the
article In question. Bis is too vastly differ
ent from mine. Earnestness of purpose and
firmness of character will, however, be pre
ferred to the somewhat doubtful quality
of " eliciting cheers from an audience of pa
rents," or "raising a furor amongst stu
dents," by those at least who prefer wisdom
to charlatanism. Amongst the continual
self-sacrifices, the quiet, steady, and earnest
labors which that position involves, there
will be, I think, but little or no room left for
any other ambition than that of possessing a
clean conscience, and of knowing that one's
duty has been honestly fulfilled. The glory
of havlDg his memory banded down to pos
terity may, therefore, remain with the critl
ciser of the Board of Education,
Tours truly. .
Mn. Editos: "Sumptuary laws," says
Webster, " are abridgments of liberty, and of
very difficult execution. They can be justi
fied only on the ground of extreme neces
sity." Such a necessity arises, I presume,
when men require to be restrained from the
commission of crime, or acta of violence or
disorder. But when laws are made and
strictly enforced which restrain a man from
peaceably enjoying himself In the way In
which he chooses, without detriment to, or
Interference with the rights of his neighbors,
and without scandalizing public morals, such
laws are clearly sumptuary In their nature.
Such are alt ccactrocnU, the object and aim
of which Is to coerce men in matters of re
ligious belief, or to compel them to regulate
their private conduct in reference to any such
belief. All these attempts to curtail personal
liberty, besides being unwise and unjust,
from tbeir difficulty of enforcement, fall of
their object, are evaded, or else lead to worse
evils than those they are professedly Intended
to core. When a law is of such a nature that
it becomes odious to those who most sensibly
feel Its operation, the result Is that it becomes
contemptible In their eyes, and they resort to
every artifice to evade it,
These remarks apply to the Sunday law of
this country, so very strict in its terms and
so rigidly enforced and for this no one can
blame the oQcers charged with its execution
that I doubt If Its parallel can be found In
the statutes of any other country on the
globe. If yon require an orange In case of
sickness, it cannot be bad of the fruit dealers
far love or money on Sunday, for Sunday is
(nil. Not only is "all worldly business "
forbidden on that day to which none will
object as a general rule but all recreation or
pleasure Is forbidden. To be sure, the. prac
tice does not go so tar as to forbidone taking
a walk on a Sunday afternoon, or a ride, it may
be, on one's own horse, bat It Is tabn to let a
horse for hire. A glass of beer, wine, or
spirits. Is, on Sunday, in tbe words of the
poet (slightly Improved),
A mooster cf rocli hUMCS mien.
That to be hated, most not hero to seen.
In short, though we don't quite come up to
the old " Blue Laws "of Connecticut, where
a man, as veritable history tells us, was fined
for kissing bis wife on Sunday, yet we ap
proximate as nearly thereto as possible.
Tbe result of all this straight lacing in re
gard to tbe observance of Sunday is, that re
ligion and tbe canse of good morals, instead
of gaining ground, have lost. The difficulty
of procuring any kind of refreshment on Sun
day drives men of certain classes and temper
anient to bouse freely on Saturday nights
and carry home a supply for the next day,
and thus drink more than they otherwise
would, were the system adopted here that Is
pursued In England, of allowing the public
houses to be open during certain hours on
Sunday. Look at Germany, the land of tbe
great reformer, Martin Luther. Recently an
English clergyman of high rank was on a
visit to one of the large dtie of Germany,
and one Scnday evening was Invited by the
friend with whom he was staying to take a
walk. After looking in at several placet of
public amusement, they entered one of the
public bouses, and saw seated around the
tables a number of Tery respectably dressed
and intellectual looking people, who were
chatting, smoking, and drinking lager.
"These," said the clergyman' chaperon,
"are ail Lutheran clergymen." Yet these
men had aH in the first part of the day at
tended to thtir clerical duties aad who will
say, with any leas sincerity and faithfulness
than a Sabbatarian Calvinist?
" The Fabtwtb was made for man, not man
for the Sabbath." If the Kew Testament I
dear on any one point, It Is in regard to the
observance of the-Sabbath. It is expressly
declared that the Sabbath I for man, for his
wants, his happiness, and bis pleasure.
Can It be supposed that the story of the
.cornfield, so precisely narrated by the
Evangelist, was an accidental occurrence t
Or rather was It cot designed and contrived
for the purpose of teaching the a pottles that !
tbe strict notions of the Jew were erroneous?
I argue not for unbridled license, but let
ns have more liberty of recreation and less ot
hypocrisy on Sunday.
I am, etc, Pnu-icoi.t.
Mr. EnrroK : Ton will confer a favor by
allowing me gpace In your columns to enter
a protest against the practice of lighting bon
fires In the vlcicltyof this dty, thereby creat
ing a false alarm of fire. This has been done
three time within the last few months, and
tbe effect It has hid on the firemen ha been
by no mean a good one Wo are willing to
risk lift; and limb In the discharge of our duty,
bat da not wish to be trifled with, or sub
jected to the caprice of children, large or
small, la this manner. If It it too much
trouble to notify the Department of the In
tentlon of lighting a bonfire, the Department
may after a tlmo conclude that it I too much
trouble to run a mile on nncertalntlca. Such
was tbe feeling expressed by some of the
members on last Tuesday evening.
Now, Sir, If tbe citizens persist In the prac
tice above alluded to, they are responsible for
the consequences. There Is danger In calling
out the Fire Department at any time, even In
case of a real alarm of re ; but it is far more
dangerous on a dark night, when the stmts
arc filled with people, as was the case ou the
Last false alarm. There were several narrow
escapes from severe injuries by the running
of engines In haste through narrow, crooked
and dark .streets. We accept the apology of
the parties who lighted tbe bonfire on last
Tuesday night for n hat it may Ge worth, but
It does not repair tbe damsge done to two of
our machines on that occasion. Who Is re
sponsible ? Yours in haste.
Ax Active Fibulax.
Tate IxthauuM Cunul lroject.
Tbe project fur constructing a ship canal
across tbe Isthmus of Darien bus been takcu
hold of in apparently good earnest. Con
gress, two j ears ago, directed an investigation
on the subject. Admiral Davis rciwrted that
tbe route traced by Scotch colouUts lu tbe
eeventecutb century, and strongly urged by
Patterson, founder of the Bank ol England,
was not only feasible, but tbe most practica
ble route known. The same route has the
eminent endorsement of Humboldt. It has
not been definitively located, but from all tbe
testimony adduced it is believed that a ship
canal can be cut from ocean to ocean In a
distance not exceeding twenty-six miles
perhaps tweuty between tbe deep and spa
cious harbors of San Miguel and Calcdoula
Bay. On this route, only a singla ridge rises
between tho two oceans, and this is seamed
by deep ravine which favor tbe enterprise.
Il Is said the canal can be made for less than
one-third the cost of the canal across the
Isthmus of Suez, which is 100 yards long,
100 yards wide, and 10 yards deep; while It
would be of infinitely more value to the com
merce of the world.
It belongs to tbe United States, with a
front on tbe Atlantic and Fadtic, and such
varied resources and expansive energies as
no other country can boast of. to construct
this work, and It is gratifying to learn tbatXew
Tork capitalists have formed a corporation
for the purpose, styled the Isthmus Canal
Company, of which Peter Cooper Is Presi
dent, and Frederick A. COnklin is Secretary.
Secretary Seward and Attorney-General Ev
arts ere present at a recent meeting of this
company, and took an active part In tbe pro
ceedings. The venerable Secretary, after
contributing more than any other man to re
form the domestic and elevate the foreign
policy of his country, is devoting the remain
der of bis days to promote its material great
nes. Be sees iu the completion of this canal
project, which he anticipates as an event of
tbe early future, au Important means for
strengthening the Republic, Increasing it in
fluence, and expending it commerce. At
tbe meeting which he addressed, tbe highest
estimate of the cost of tbe canal was I10O.-
000,000. This Is about the cost of tbe Pacific
Railroad, which Is worth to tbe nation a
thoasand times that sum, although It is not
nearby of the value which tbe Darien Canal
Tables compiled for tbe nse of Congress
show that by means of this canal, ships ply.
log fromXew Tork to Sao Francisco via Cape
Horn, a distance of 19,000 miles, would save
14,000 miles. The saving in trips from New
Tork to Calcutta. Canton and Shanghai
would be from 'J.CO0 to nearly 12,000 miles.
Tbe saving on trips to South and Central
American and Mexican ports on tbe Pacific
side, would range from 8,000 to 14,000 miles.
As railroads cannot supersede ships for tbe
transportation of much of tbe freight be
tween tbe Atlantic and Pacific side of the
Continent, the Importance of this, saving In
time and distance is apparent, if we only con
sider our domestic commerce. Tbe money
value of the saving to tbe United States U
estimated at over 135,000,000 annually. Tbe
tonnage and trade that would yearly pass
through tbe canal, diverted from the Cape of
Good nope and Cape norn routes, are estl
mated in money values as follows: United
States, 1103,161,937; England, $190,019,551;
France, $674110,603; other countries, tl6,B02,
000; total. 467,S31,130. Tbe annnal saving
to tbe commerce of the world by shortening
tbe ocean routes so much as we have seen, is
estimated at 550,000,000 In round numbers,
tbe United States being tar tbe greatest gainer.
Tbe subject is ot peculiar interest to Cali
fornia, foe the canal would furnlfh such a
direct and short transit to European and
Eastern markets that tbe production of oar
agricultural staples would be immensely in
creased, and tbe State would have almost
unrivalled facilities for supplying Europe
with breadstuff.. During the year 1667 there
were 2J3 vessels despatched with grain from
the port of San Francisco, Including 161 full
cargoes of wheat for Europe. During tbe
first nine montbs of tbe present year, 133
grain ships were dispatched. Tbe wheat car
goes for either year averaged about 1,000 ton.
The ships carrying tbe carrot make but one
round voyage a year. The Darien canal
would enable them to make at least two, and
screw propellers for freight purpose could
make five voyage a year. S. F. JhJUttn.
HoBa.cE Gbzzxet ar Wobk. Some one
thus happily sketches the editor of the
Tribune: . -
Greeley can lay Virginia worm fences In ink
faster than any other editor in Kcw Tork city.
Be use a fonntain pen, a present from some
friend. lie tbluks a great deal of It, but dur
ing an experience of three years be has failed
to learn the simple principle of suction with
out getting his mouth fuli'of Ink, and be gen
erally uses it with an empty receiver. He
make a dash at tbe Ink bottle every twenty
seconds, places the third finger and thumb of
bis left hand on tbe paper, and scratches
away at hi worm fence like one possessed.
He writes- marvellously fast. Frequently
the point of bis pen pricks through bis sheet,
for be write a heavy hand, and -a map fol
lows, spreading Inkspot over the paper, re
sembling a wood -cut portraying tbe sparks
from a blacksmith' hammer. Blot like
mashed spiders or crushed whortleberries oc
casionally intervene, but tbe old veteran
dashes them with sand, leaving a sweating
compositor to scratch off the soil and dig out
tbe word underneath. Greeley' manuscript
when seen for the first time, resemble an In
tricate mas of lunatic hieroglyphics, or tbe
mark of a spider suffering from ddirixwi
trmau. Bat by those accustomed to his
writing, a remarkable exactness I observed.
The spelling, punctuation, accented letters
and capitalizing are perfect. The old type
setters of the office prefer hi manuscript
above that or any other editor, for tbe simple
reason that be writes hi artide a he wishes
It to appear, and rarely, if ever.cuU or slashes
a proof (beet. And thl punctuality Is, in a
great measure, a feature of his life Helaal
way on time and never wait tor any body.
He employ no private secretary, and when
he receive a Ieiteranswere it on the Instant.
So matter bow trivial tbe request, the next
outward bound mail will carry away one of
hi autographs, If be think an answer neceay
Ciecctt Cocbt. 2d Jctjicui. Cmctrrr.
On Thursday last Mr. Associate Justice Hart
welLof the Supreme Court, and tbeAttnrnev
General, together with several member of
the bar. took Dttmx for Lahakia ta hnM tk
December terra of the Circuit Court for Maal
and the adjacent Island'!. '
L. L. TORBERT,
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M M M N M M H M K M M M X M M
ALSO OX UASD,
Heavy Polished Plate Glsss,,
a a i)
Plain, Colored and Figured
WE THE UMi:itSIGNED, Ex
ecutors of tbe lat. R. 11. NEVILLE,
deceased, of Keoputa, Kona, Hawaii, and I,
DANIEL BARRETT, inrviving jattner ef
the late firm of Xeville & Barrett, of tbe sam
place, do hereby notify, the poblio that
II. IV. GrrcxtvrcII, IqM
cf Kalokalo, Kona. Hawatlis duly author
bed and emgoaered to represent us and our
several interests in relation to the Estate of
the late R. B. Seville, deceased, and also the
Estate of the late firm or .Neville A Barrett,
and ta receive, and give valid receipts for us
and In our names for all debts doa to tho said
Estates, and each of them, no undertaking to
ratify all bis acts in too premises respectively.
A. S. CLK01I0RN. 1 ,,,.
JOHNS. SMITHIES. J En,ot'
DAN'L BARRETT. Surviving Partner.
Jona Moxvgoxebv, Solicitor.
Honolulu. Nov. S7th, 1S63. 17-it
DR. E. HOFFMANN,
RESPECTFULLY recommend to
-the public a large assortment of
Drngs, Medicines & Toilet Articles,
of the best and mast cenulne quality, received
per latest arrivals from Europe and the Unit
ed elates, ana lor sale at ion prices :
Bay Rum, Sarsaparilla Root,
Extract of Sarsaparilla, Electro-Silicon,
Epsom Saltj.-in boxes and doses,
Seidiita Powders, assorted,
Hair Restoratives, the most fashionable,
CroMman'a Specific, Thorn' Extract.
French Capsules, do. do., neir kind,
Hyperion Fluid, Superior Truites,
Syringes, ass'd. Extract of Bcehu,
Kewell's Pulmonary Syrup,
Hall's Sarsaparilla and Iodid. Potass,
Ayers', Bristol's, Corbott's do.,
Tootbpowder and Braihes,
Zoaodant, Cod-liver Oil, Sponges,
Oenuine Lubin's Extract's,
Lilly-white, Breast Pumps,
An Assortment of Pills, sugar-coated
Blue and Cathartic do.. Indelible Ink,
Cottar's Rat Poison, Benllne, .
Troches, Cherry Pectoral,
Very Superior Hair Brushes,
Ac, ie. Ac. Ac. 41-Jm
PROPER APPLICATION HAVING BERN
made to the undersigned by His Excellen
cy J. O. Dttminis, Commissioner of Crown
Lands, for the settlement of tbe Boundaries
of the Ahopcaa of Waianae, Island of Oahu,
therefore, bo it known, that Monday, tbe 4th
day of January, 1609. at 10 o'clock A. M. at
my residence in Pcieula, Honolulu, is the day
and hoar appointed for hearing of the same.
W. P. KAMAKAD,
Commissioner of Land Boundaries,
noaolalu. Dee. 14, 1889. !8-2t
THE UKDEIISIG.VED having been
appointed Administrator upon the Estate
of the late John Boehle, deeeased, givea no
tice to all persons indebted to said eftate to
make immediate, payment, and all persons
having claim against said estate to present
tho same in or before tho Stb day of June,
lSo. P. U. TREADWAY,
Lahalna, Dec 2th, 1883. !3-3t
Notice to Landholders on Hawaii.
THE U.fDEnsiGNED, by the au
thority vested in him as Commiiiiunar of
Boundaries for the 3d Judicial Circuit, accord
ing to the law approved Jnn 22d, 18S9, here
by gives notice to all persons who bave bad
tbeir grants allowed them and no setllemnnt
cf boundaries made, la send in their petitions
for the adjustment of the boundaries of said
lands, at th Court Hots in Uilo, Island of
R. A. LYMAN,
Commissioner of Boundaries.
Hilo, Hawaii, Nor. 17th, 18C3. t5-it
Notice to Landholders on Oahu.
mUE UNDEU8IGNED, by the aa
JL tborily vested in bia as Commissioner of
Boundaries for the 1st Judicial Circuit, accord
ing to tbe law approved Jun 2M, 1 868, here
by gives notice to all persons who bar had
tbeir grant allowed them and no settlement
of boundaries made, to send in their petition
for tbe adjustment of the boundaries of said
lands, at tbe Court House In Honolulu, Iilaud
W. P. KAMAKAU,
Commissioner of Boundaries.
IToaolala, Oct. 27, 1863, ii-St
LEATHER BELTISB, SABBLS ft 1SIBLE
LEATHEE, KIP, CALF k XBSecee,
i"BOM THE CELlUEATEn
nrniE leather belting from
X. thl Tannery I warranted tbe fcert ia the
market. The Belts are all cut aero tbe hides
from choice leather, aad are thorongbly stretch
ed and shaved. Aey U mad, inclodta 4,
4, ad S inch.
All of tho above are of a rery superior qJ
Uy. and era be oVtataed at tbe Star of tfce
andenigsed oa Oxen Street, or- mate to
order. L. L. TORBERT.
4I-Sm Agent for the Hilo Taery.
For Victoria, B. C.
Tho A 1 British brig
Wilt lt promptly fer tto fmt-t.
For freight or pussg apply to
4S-3t THKO. H. DAYIES, Agvnt.
CALIFORNIA. e&MMT Am XBCIM
STEAK SKIP CXTAXTS
San FrawiscB and HiMlifrlm
Th Company's Splendid A 1 Steamship
IDAHO & MONTANA,
WILL RUX REGULARLY UKTWEKX
Honolulu and San rraaeisce,
By the following Schedui of Timet
rrtday, Nov. 4
" Dec. U
Satarfy Oct. M
" Dee. S
JLaberal Advances Made m sail.
Ski put rut per M earner.
Cargo for San Francisco will be received
at the Steamer Warehouse, and receipt for
tbe lame given by th nndtnigned. Xo
charge fur storag or cartage. Fir risks la
IVarefcoute sot tabeu by the; Company.
Insurance guaranteed at lower rate than by
ailing vessels. Particular ear taken of ship
ments of Fruit. '
All orders for Goods to bo purchased In Saa
Francisco, will b received and filled by return
3Shipment from Earopeaad th CnlttJ
Etates, intended for these Islands, will be re
ceived by th Company Id San Francisco, If
consigned to them, aad be forwarded by their
Steamers to Houolalu, raxx or chas. ex
cept actual outlay.
3UFasengers an requested ta tat tbtlr
ticket before 12 o'clock ou th day of tailing
and to procure tbeir Tass ports.
All bills against tba Steamer oust b pre
sented before two o'clock on th day tf sail
ing, or they will have to lay over till th re
turn of th Steamer for settlement.
U. UACKFELD t CO..
3S-3m . Agent.
HAWAII AH" PACKET LIKE.
For San Francisco.
the rai ciirrrit i.bk
1 J. W. SEAVER, 4k
WILL HAVE DISPATCH for tbe above port.
For freight and passage, having superior
accommodations for a few Cabin and Steerage
passengers, apply to
WALKER A ALLES.
HAWAIIAN PACKET LEfE.
For San Francisco,
The following First-Clais Ves
sels wdl run regularly in th
Honolulu Line :
. C. MDRKAT,
CI..1KA x. Nirruu
Eor Freight or Passage, having Superior
Accommodations for Cabin aad Etcrag Pas
sengers, apply to
WALKER A ALLEX,
33-3 ra Agent.
de currxa icnooxEB
Carry! tit Hatcailax Mail villa! SmUiJjt
-WU1 Leave Honolulu Every Saturday,
a Four o'clock r, v., Betaming-, will leave
Kawiliwill every Tuesday afternoon.
For Freight or Passages a ply to
3S-5m D. FOSTER t CO.
REGULAR PACKET FOR HUO.
mr enrrze scnooxcK
Will run regularly a a Packet between Hono
lulu and Hilo. Fcr freight or pan are. apply
on board, or to CHONO U0OX,
Will n, . ..).. 1., V..
.. ... - - --,," ym Hl,na UVIB.
lain and Jiolokai, touching at Kaunakakal
nil PnVon Vn,r,.lkl . . l
the Captain oa board or
" II. filial PERU AST, Agent
For Lahaina art Make's jM(g.
The line atanneh clipper sebocuicr
n mm mkw WtmM wk
E. D. CRANE, Mttr.
Will ran. remltrl, an,1 ....... n . TI . ...
above route. For freight or passage applr
to tbe Master on hoard nr in
wni U. BRKWEK & CO.
For Rilo ami Kaigataa. Hawaii.
M. Sch. Active,
Wdl run a a regular packet to the above
ports, touching at LAHALKA. Forfrelgbtor
FMiage apply to
WALKER t ALLEjr,
For Hilo ami Qmm, Umi.
M Sch. Annie,
Will nw us regular packet to tin above
port. For freight or passage asly U
3Mm WALKER A ALLEX. Aiestt.
Tire Extinguishers !
ORDERS WILL BE BECEIVKB BV THE
to be fonrareteJ vfe mu, a- s, ,l-
et via Ce Hori" ' ' "
C. WtEWZst i C8.
A SMALL LOT of FAXWA,
tlw mw see? , h eotaiaer k.- Jortmit V
"- r. A, BvHAItrKIt A CO