Newspaper Page Text
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J. MOTT SMITH, .
Director of the Government Press.
Ma. G. vox Goii-MTZ Latin; taken charge
or the Government Press dcriog the absence
of Or. J. Jlott Smith, all basloeae communi
cation! are thereby requested to be tent to
TTEDXESDAT. JAX.13, 169.
BT A TTrT1?TCyRXt!1'?'i
By Order of the Board of Health:
At a meeting of the Board, held Dec. 21, , such child, so requesting to be released, shall
1S63, it was ! bo made In wrltlnir. by such parent orpoar-
,Jmi, That the Secretary be instructed dlan, or on application made by the School
to request by Circalar letter, and adrertise- j Asent of the District, for cood reason shown
meats in the UncaiUn Gaztttt and Se -1 to his satisfaction. In every such case a cer
Oboa, all managers r plantations, ministers , tlucate in writing shall be granted, setting
nf e-salSsrifin ml nth- aiakrlnf in thoritv nd : forth the facts, and signed bv the teacher.
influence, to eaase a general vaccination to
take place, each in his own neighborhood, the
' Board assisting by all means In their power.
Orrtce or the Boabd or (Health.
The attention of every householder, keeper
of a boarding or lodging hoase, or master of a
veiiel is called to the following Section of the
Clell Code :
Prrrinv 201. It shall be the dntr of ererr
householder, keeper of a boarding or lodging
louse, or master of a vessel, to report imm-. nne of Ave dollars for ttenrst offense, and
diately totho Board of Health, or its nearest j tor ecoud oneuse be liable toaflne of ten
agent, any person in or about their bouse, or I dollars, and removal from office, at the dls
TseI..bom they shall hare reason to be- j "elon ot the court.
lieve to be sick, or to hare died of, the small This Act was introduced and, as we nn-
Dohlie health, under a penalty
ie. nor' more than one hundred dollars, for
By order of the Board.
Honolulu, Jan. 8, 1S69. SeercUry.
A KULCS ADOPTED BT THE HAWAUA-C
BOARD r HEALTH AT THEIR XSETIXG
JAaCAnr Sth, ISM.
1. On the arriral of any vessel at any pert
ot this Kingdom, from a port known to be in-
small pox may bare occurred on board daring j
tho Toyage, neither passengers nor crew shall
bo allowed to land, unless a period of fifteen
days shall hare elapsed from the time of her
2. On the arriral of any vessel at any port
of this Kingdom, having had or still having
any person sick of small pox on board, the
vessel shall be detained in quarantine; tho
sick shall be sent to the quarantine hospital,
and the crew and passengers shall be submit
ted to a quarantine of fifteen days.
3. 2io person shall leave or visit any quar
antined vessel, or any house or enelosore that
shall have been set apart for quarantine pur
poses by the Board of Health, unless by writ
ten permission of the Board.
4. Under no circumstances provided for as
above, shall clothing or personal baggage be
allowed to be put dh shore, before baring un
dergone such disinfecting process a may be
ordered by the Board of Health.
5. When any vessel shall arrive, baring
had on board during the passage, a person
diseased with small pox, the whole, or such
parts of the ship as may be ordered by the
Board of Health to be disinfected, shall be
fumigated, or otherwise disinfected, in such
manner as may be ordered by the Board, and
not until this has been done shall any cargo
tie discharged from the ship.
6. 2ioMniaH" shall be landed from any
' vessel baling small pox on board or having
had small pox on board, during the passage,
except by written permission of the President
of the Beard of Health.
N. B Sections 2St, ISi, 123 and 294 of
tho tivil code ot tnis Kingdom read as rot- t
v . mu iiuuj conic iutcmuieni scuooi-teacner,
Sectiox Is4. Jiotics shall be giren by the I far an ay. We know ofa government school
Board of Health of all regulations made by it, i teacher who refused to grant certificates of
us pwusuug euic iu uwc ucnafjaprr vi
-tho district, or where there is no such newspaper.
by causing them to be postal in three puttie
places of the town or district ; and such notice
of said regulations shall be deemed legal notice
to all persons.
Sectiox 2S5. Every person who shall vio
late any regulation or lue Board or Health,
after the same shall have been published, as
prorided In tho last preceding section, shall
be fined not exceeding one hundred dollars.
Section 293. Tb.5 quarantine regulations
so established shall extend to all persons, and
all good, and effects arriving in Keh vessel,, j
and to al Tersons who may visit or go on
board of the same,
Sectiox 29 1. Notice shall be given of such
quarantine regulations, by publication in the
manner prorided In section 231; and after
such notice shall hare been given, any person
who shall violate any such qnarantine regula
tions, shall be fined a sum not less than fire,
cor moro than five hundred dollars.
Feru. W. HcTcnisos,
President of the Board ofllealth.
Mb. A. Smith has been appointed Road
Supervisor for the district of Sooth Kona.
Island of Hawaii, in accordance with section
16S of the Civil Code.
Ferd. VT. Hctchisox,
Home Ogee, Dec 14. 1E68. slighter of Interior.
Wbebeas, Samuel X. Castle, President of
the Board of 'Trustees of the "Makiki Family
School," and Charles R. Bishop, Secretary
thereof, have duly represented to this Depart
ment, that at a meeting of the members of
the corporation of the Makiki Family School,
held at Honolulu on the 11th day of Septem
ber. 1S63, it was voted unsnimously that the
said corporation should be dissolved, and
Wkmat the said Samael X. Castle and
Charles R. Bishop have petitioned that the
eaid corporation may be dissolved, and hare
furthermore filed a certificate, and have in all
respects complied with section 1439 of the
Civil Code, and have further represented that
the said corporation has no debt,
.Vow tktrtfurt, all persons are hereby re
quired to make known any objection that they
may have to the dissolntion of the said corpo
ration, on or before Saturday, the 30th of Jan
Fera. W. Hctchisox,
Mlsister of Interior.
Home Oflre, Xov. SS. 1SCS. (4&a
The Reverend Editor of the Kuokoa j
has conceived a great hostility to the !
Board of Education, for some cause best;
known to himself. His authority, in his '
branch of the Christian Church, established
in these islands, is not contravened by any
persons attached thereto. Both young
and oldjw w to it with becoming reverence.
It can hardly be, therefore, that not
contented with the almost absolute sway,
'which he enjoys in his chosen field of
labor, ie is at all jealous at the fact,
that his rersices are not deemed nec
essary in that branch of the public ser
vice, the direction f which, 2ealous
religious teachers, ofwing denomination
al views, frequently, most covet we mean
the' edecatioa ,of youth, by the public
school system." The native newspaper
Sttokoa, while professing to favor the ad
vance of edoet&on, at all times, seeks op
portunity j-o 'disparage the teachers em
ployed, aai the eferts f those who ap
point theaj, aed eacoowja tfceei to their
In pursuance 1o the nsml course, the
paper referred to, in the issue of Jan. 2d,
comes oat as a commentator on the Act
to regulate the jlareau of Public Instruc
tion, passed June 24? 1S6S. Acd it must
be coalesced, that however much the editor
mar thine aj an-exponei. : ' ; he scriptures
and the moral law, lie iwiulj does'not
shine pre-eminently, in his editorial of that
date, as an exponent or the statute law of
Hawaii, jet the desire to obstruct efforts to
make education compulsory is Very evident.
The law reads as follows :
Srf 91 i Tho txrlim of all ?
I School tor the education of native Hawaiian
names, sex, aire (as fr as ascertainable,) and
the places of residence of the children at
tending their respective schools; and no
teacher of anr school, for the education of
native Hawaiian children, shall pant a re
lease from his or her school to anr child un
der fifteen years of ae, who may he reslstcr
cd as attending the same, for the purpose of
enterlm another school, unless the consent
and annrarnl of the ndrpnt nr mmtlan nf
S". 21b. No teacher shall receive into his
! ur Khoo any child under Bitten years
of ape, who may have attended another
school, unless such child, his or her parent
or cuardiin, produces to the teacher of the
school so sought to be entered, a certificate
of release signed by the teacher of the school
last attended, as herein before provided.
And the teacher of any school who shall vio
late any of the requirements of this and the
foreznlng section, t-hall, on conviction before
Police or District Justice, be subject to a
I V PI '
veutin" truancy, and to make it certain
that a child, who was absent from his reg
ular school, bad begun an attendance an
another, and farther, to prevent a mere
child, when displeased at one school, or
when the teacher was exacting and coosci-
I entious in the discharge of bis duties, from
his own mere whim and temper leaving
that school and going to another. The
'T ws conceded by all, as far as we heard.
to bo more notoriously necessary, from the
acknowledged slackness of discipline in
Hawaiian families. The comment made
by the Kuolxa is to the effect that the
word GOVERNMENT was not in the
bill a3 passed, by the would-be controllers
of the education of the Hawaiian race, the
intangible Board of Education, but was in
troduced by membera of the opposition."
"That it is refreshing to think how much
was saved to the nation by the introduc
tion of that single word" "which limits
the provisions of the Act to GOVERN
MENT SCOOLS and GOVERNMENT
School-teachers," and that "it is pitiable
to think to what a strait, all benevolent
and enterprising teachers of independent
schools might have been reduced, but for
the vigilance of the opposition." "As the
Act now stands, it can only damage the
Government Schools, and must do them
much injury." Tho article proceeds fur
ther: " We (the editor) have seen children wan-
aenng about unable to enter the Government
tcbool at their new house tor lack of a Per-
iticajc iu cuiturcn iu icare Dis scnool woeu
applied to tor them by the parents who de
sired to send them to an independent schooL
The poor fellow doubtless saw In vision a
ditsotvjng view ot his school, and conceived
that he should lose the convenient govern
ment half a dollar a day through the influ
ence of an independent school.
ine mutt game served him tor a time, as
B ,uf P?"1"6 " oeiieje tnat ne new tbe
1, " k 8 V?"f, r.d that they could
nl l",i'uut,1,U,P,;"n: T?,el,, s
hoo.each .nTrL'ToCd ftr
tDte, an tn(JeDcna,t sctool: and that inde-
l pendent school teachers may tlianks to the
inoepenaeni memoers ot me. last legislature
receive any, and all, pupils Irrespective of
color, age, sex or certificate."
Now it would be exceedingly wrong if
any one were to say that the editor of this
paper has seen no "chMren wandering,"
and that he knows of "no Government
teachers refusing to grant a certificate of
release," as is stated above, and very im
polite too, for one to say that he does not
believe it, but it certainly i3 allowable to
say that it is 'most remarkable, that the
benevolent gentleman who is so anxiou3.to
promote education did not stop the "wan
dering about " of the children by writing
a letter for the parents, or advising them
to write one to the "far away teacher" and
obtain his certificate, and did not put a
stop to the unreasonable conduct of the
teacher by reporting him to the Inspector
General or the Board of Education for his
wrong doing. For it will be seen by read
ing the last sentence of Section 21a, that
the granting of the certificate is made ob
ligatory by the law whensoever the parent
or guardian shall make the application in
How many "MEMBERS of the oppo
sition2' it took to introduce into this the
little word "government which was to
be the salvation of the independant schools.
and cause the act to do only damage to
tha government schools, the writer does
not tell us. The legitimate inference to
be drawn from his remark is, that the legis
lators of the people passed a law, and the
clear sighted introducer of the amendment
allowed it to pas3 which 4' must do much
injury" to the schools, at which most
of the people are educated, and for which
the legislators were making provision.
Such a supposition is an aspersion upon
the ''independent members," the "vigilant
opposition" who deserve the "thanks" of
somebody. The fact is, that no such narrow-minded,
absurd and entirely unworthy
idea entered the mind of anybody. The
word "government" was introduced simply
because the private schools were not under
the supervision of the Board of Education.
This suggestion was made by a gentleman
at the time keeping an independent
school, which was assisted by theT Gov
erameat, and whose school has since been
broaght entirely under the Board. This
gentleman, who is a member of the Legts
ative Assembly, and on the Committee on
Education, will be surprised to learn, that
the law which, as amended, ho supported,
is so disastrous to the public schools, and
still more surprised to know, that he is
thought capable of having directed his
care to the independent schools, with no
care for the great body of the people.
The word "Government" being, accord
ing to the Educator whoso views on the
subject of this law are now under consid
eration.'the only word "introduced as an
amendment,It will be seen that the rest of
the law remains as before. How then does
it appear that in consequence of this pow
erful word being introduced in the first
sentence of Section a, commanding a regis
ter to be kept by all Government School
teachers, the provisions of Section n, are
affected. Truly, the' independent school
teachers need not fceep the register them
selves, bat if they shall receive into their
school any child under Gifteen years of age,
who may have attended another school,
without having a certificate of release,
they will, on conviction before a Police
Justice, be subject to a fine of fire dollars
ifor the first offense, acd for tho second of
fence, to so much of the penalty as is ap
I plicable to their case, viz., to a fine of ten
! dollars. He cannot be dismissed from of
' See, since he hulds nono; nor was that
j provision necessary in the law at all, since
- whether the Magistrate should pt onouuee
sentence of dismissal or not, a teacher who
holds alnays at the will of the Hoard of
Education, and might be dismissed by them
Tho editor of the Kuohxi may find it
consistent with his duty to coausel the dis
obedience of a law, passed by the Legisla
ture for the public benefit, or to advise a
useless attempt to evade it, but we would
advise all good citizens to obey the law as
well as they can, and to nphold tho Legis
lative authority in tho enactment of salu
tary laws, and to second, to the best of
their ubility, the Executive in enforcing
Dr. IlUtolii-niid'ii Import,
On the General Vaccination or toe Na
tive Fopclation of Honolclc.
To Uie r etldtnt and JItinUn of tAi Boanl of
Gextixmex: I herewith beg leave to lay
before you the results of the general vacci
nation of the town of Honolulu and envi
rons, ns carried out pursuant to the Board's
Resolution of October 14th :
" Resolved, That Dr. Wm. HUlebrand be
appointed a Committee of one, to make such
arrangements with the Marshal of the Islands
as may be necessary to insure the vaccination
or re-vncclnallon of the people of Honolulu,
giving him thereby all powers to act accord
ing to his best judgment."
Immediately after the passage of the Res
olution, I conferred with the medical
gentlemen of this place, every one of whom
expressed the warmest sympathy with the
work In contetnplatlou, and their readiness
to concur in carrying ll out At a meeting
called the day after, a uniform plan of opera
tions was agreed upon, the principal features
of which were;
1. The portioning oat of the town In eight
districts, each to be taken charge of by one
of tho gentlemen as vaccinating officer.
2. That all vaccinations should only be
practiced by fresh lymph taken directly from
the arm of a healthy child on the 8th day
3. That all persons vaccinated or re-vaccinated
should re-appear for examination one
week after the performance of the operation ;
that iu case of failure of first vaccination,
the operation should be repeated again and
again, until It should take, but of re-vaccinations
only the first mult should be recorded,
and further re-vaccinations dispensed with.
4. A clerk and a police officer were to be
adjoined to each vaccinator for the purpose
of recording and of enforcing the law with re
gard to re-appearance. Those excluded from
vaccination should only be persons that have
had the small-pox, and children already sue- j
cessfully vaccinated below the age of twelve
The following gentlemen consented to t
take charge of vaccinating districts: Drs. (
noflmann, McGrew, BnlTuin, R, McKlbbln, j
Jun., Kennedy, and Judd, and Mr. Lang-;
hern, besides myself. Mr. Dolron, the pub
lic vaccinator, was to continue his operations
In the meantime, as before, and supply the
various officers with lymph to make a start
Under this system, there have been vac
cinated, from Oct J9th to Dec 2d, 7,537 per
sons, according to the records now before
roe. Of this number, 2,124, or 23 per cent,
arc first vaccinations; and 5,4&3, or 72 per
cent, are re-vaccinations. All first vaccina
tions are recorded as having taken, in 6uch
as presented themselves for re-examlnatloit,
which was the case with at least 70 per cent
With regard to re-vaccination it Is impossi
ble to come to an accurate result from an anal
yels of the records and the figures extracted
by the native clerks. Only two of the rec
ords are kept with sufficient accuracy to al
low any reasonable conclusions to be made
from them. From these and from a careful
weighing and comparing the figures given by j
the others it would appear that about one-half j
of those re-vaccinated presented themselves
forre-examlnatiun, and that about CO per cent I
of these exhibited pustules of more or less
perfect developement, which would give 1633 '
auccessfal re-vaccinations as ascertained by
examination. It is supposed that the greater
majority of successfully vscclnated persons
presented themselves for re-vaccination, and
it would not be admissible to apply the same
proportion of successful operations to those
who did not reappear, but we shall not be
far on the wrong side if we assume that 2400
re-vaccinations ont of 54C3, or pp. 44 per
cent were successful more or less. As near-
' ly all old vaccinations on adults date from !
the great small pox epedemlc iu 1633, we
have here the important result that within
15 years, vaccination has lost Its protective
power to a greater or less degree In 44 out
of 100 of our native population, a lesson
which ought not to be lost by our authorities
la future contingencies of like nature.
The result thai obtained tallies in a re
markable manner with that obtained by Gin
racas given in the GaitU da Uotpitauz, July
11th, 1S57. In a popnlatlon of 2600 vaccinated
by him the re-vacdaaUoas were saeeess
It is worthy of remark that a successful re
vaccinations axe mentioned as hying occui-
( red in persons who have baii tbi small pox.
It has been found Impossibly to confine
the natives of each district to tfclr appoin
ted vaccinator. Asarule,theyyouldcrowd
to tho offices of those pbysiciis more cen-
trally or conveniently locafci Thus Dr.
Baflum, whose untiring zl In the work I
take particular pleasure -o bring to jour
notice, has vaccinated tpre than twice the
number of the oOcer pxt on the list, Mr.
Langhern, who. figuret with 1,209. Every
I vaccinating offlcer cnttnncd to work as
I long as applicants aficared, each devoting
I to It from two to tree days every week,
t By the beglnnlns- of December the applica
tions ceased altiigethf.
The last census of iSCO gives the total po
pulation of thetowrof Honolulu proper at
7S7S. If from this nunber be deducted of the
half castes most ofwhom have themselves
been vaeclnatcd''by heir regular physicians
And all other fgrdgner
We have a remainde of 5S62 for our purely
native population, or 1725 less than the num
ber of vaccinations prctlsed. This surplus
has to be distributed wtween the rural po
pulation adjoining Hoailulu and the visitors
from other Islands happening to be In town.
All the public bodes and Institutions,
Troops, Police, Prlsoicrs, Inmates of the
Hospital, Insane Ajlini, Reformatory and
other Pnbllc Schook, have been efficiently
attended to. At the. present time the public
Vaccinator Mr. Doion and myself continue
to vaccinate alnioj dally, and as all new
arrivals from the oner Islands arc advised of
this by posters sent to the coasting vessels,
we hope that tfu Inhabitants of Honolulu
are and will commie to be protected as
much as it is iy onr power to accom
plish It From licember 2d to the present
time at least S00 more persons have been
vaccinated. Of Oursc some recusants will
still remain, but I Is to be hoped that they
will avail themsches of the opportunity still
offered to protect prmselves. The only really
weak point yet ;xlstlng is In our Chinese
population. Hadly any of them have pre
sented tbemselvis, ana It Is well known with
what prcjudico bey regard the operation in
question. A grmt portion of them have
either had the -snail pox In the natural way'l
or have had it Inoculated, but n considerable
majority must amain exposed yet. It re
mains with this Board to devise means by
-which this part f our population may be
cither compelled, or persuaded to submit to
this protective tniasure.
The vtcclnatioi of the rural population of
the Islaid of Cahu Is progressing as last as
circumstances nil! permit. The next neigh
borhood of Honolulu, from Walkiki to the
Palama river, tray be considered as pro
tected. In Mauaa the public vaccinator has
begun operations to-day, and during the next
week h( will open vaccinating stations at
Kalihl aid Moacalua. From Koolau various
appllcathns for vaccine have been made, and
I have teen Informed that during the next
week vaccination will be performed at four
different stations ot that district, at three by
private parties, and one by Mr. Dolron. On
Maul Dr. Lee commenced operations some
time ago at Lahaina and Walluku, and Dr.
Rac at' liana. At Hilo Dr. YVliitmore and
Mr. Kenway arc busily at work; and on
Kanal Dr. J. W. Smith has been engaged in
the work forooe time past. In one month
more the population of Oahu will be pro
tected, and it is safe to assert that in two
months tbatoflbe whole archipelago will be.
From the fcregoing expose it wjll appear
evident that us soon as the Chinese shall
bayc been vaccinated, the town of Honolulu
will be thoroifehly protected, and I have no
hesitation in sSyiugthat a small pox epidemic
here n ill be aa impossibility. I never knew
of a town oi place which was so well pre
pared against the invasion of the disease as
ours is at present. Isolated casea we may
expect to seej here, as long as the germs of
the disease cai be Imported from Japan, the
Pacific States tf the Union, and British Co
lumbla, and nq one who has had experience
of the epidemic will say that It will exhaust
itself In those countries before eight or ten
months ; but we shall always be in a position
to circumscribe and confine the disease to
the first cases arising
What n ill those who advocate a rigid and
itrict quarantine as the main protective meas
ure say if lhey find that these measures, with
all their paralysing effects on trade and Inter
course, and their unavoidable reaction on
the whole industry and prosperity of our
kingdom shall extend over such a length of
time? Great cities, which have commercial
relations with the whole world, and are pos
sessed of an almost unlimited variety of In
dustries and branches ot trade, may be little
affected by J temporary Interdiction or
embarrassmer-t of their commerce with a
tingle country ;'but how do we stand seven
tenths of wliasi trade Is with the countries In
question, and f hose chief Industry is alto
gether dependfnfupon a market In those
countries? Betides, as we have some direct
relations with Japan and China now, and
hope to have more of It, qnarantine
laws, if logically carried through, would,
forever, have to be applied to all vessels
coming from tlosc countries where the small
pox never dies out.
And then, supposing that we bad succeed
ed, at the coit of so much sacrifice, to ward
off the enemy for six or seven months, and
then suddenly wake np one morning to find
him in our very midst a circumstance which
might easily peenr, as he will travel jn In
visible and Impalpable forms, and under cer
tain circumstances, has a wonderful tenacity
of life should we then have much reason
to congratulate oarselves on our wisdom!
The case of the ship Eiynard, which stayed
several days. in our harbor, with the germs
of the disease in her, unknown to any one,
is quite fresh Iu oar memory. How the con
tain which caused the epidemic of 1653
was brought here, no one has yet explained
" Keep your house In order," has become
the motto of thinking men in their warfare
with most of the terrible scourges of the
human species. Against cholera, every nation
has tried qnarantine, and tailed most signally.
Small-pox eludea the best quarantine laws,
but becomes a harmless foe before a vaccin
Wli. Hilleerand, If. D.
Honolulu, January 8, 1SG0.
Dr. Ktrkintrick, who wrote a treatise on inocu
lation to-wanij tho cad of the last century, says that
cotton wkts, impregnated iritb smaU-pox tiros mmi
kept fa weu-ctoad Loses, would preserve their Tirtoo
fur teTenl months. As rra-I of the loop Tiulity
GfaxultpoxTinu,TJr.SaooerianJ,of Banoen, aaaia
taioed that wootea blanket, impregnated vita the
mattery (roeh as he made ss of m his atteaipts to
traasier scuu-pox cows onzuia nu experxmeois.
haTlse In view the regenCTatloacx cow-pox), pro
erred fir more than two years their cnotaaioos
properties: and at tho end of tlat poriod wera eapa-
blovf prodociax characteristic pustule on thsnaorr
cf cow. It wit, bc-werer, Decenary to wrap op the
bbnleU ia paper, and to Keep them Inclosed in a
an html, ia tie shade, at a tempenssn of IS,
Tiireafcaii tVviuksk thnijut MfdieoU.
(rsox ors regclar coBsrsroNDEXT.
. Sax Francisco, Dec SO, JS63.
Tropical Society atraln.
Social life la the Tropics is an Interesting
theme, but It has been awfully misrepresent
ed through the Overland JVoMtVy. - This pe
riodical, from Its first Issue, has been receiv
ed as one of the best magazines or the conn',
try. It Is extensively read on the Pacific
Coast and has a large circulation In the
cities of the Eastern border. It has been
most flatteringly noticed by a great number
of the most popular journals on both sides
of this Continent, as well as In Europe. It
began, and for several months sustained It
self, with credit to the community in which
It Is published, its writers being men of cul
ture and learning. How it could have al
lowed Itself to become the medium through
which some, lll-graclous rover has veuted his
spite In a most scandalous manner, It Is Im
possible to conceive. The Overland Monthly
Is, undoubtedly, by this time, thoroughly
ashamed of the article, as the author Is
ashamed of his name. We have not been
able to find out who wrote the article, nor
bow much Its author patd to have It pub
lished. Like the author of the Honolulu
Looking-glass, his name may remain a secret.
It gives us pleasure to say that the late Min
ister Resident is not the guilty man. This
was so strongly Insinuated lu an article In
thelfclMiii ot Dec. 19th, that the Impression
was publicly denied by the editor In the fol
lowing number. A reply to the article has
been published In the same paper. It places
Island society in a better light before the
The Bulletin in its Issue of December 19tb,
makes the following pertinent remarks re
garding the Islands : '
The lack of a correct Intellectual and social
appreciation of the Islanders has been sadly
manifest at times, on the part of our Govern
ment. How-otherwise shnirneaccount for
the prevailing opinion that our diplomatic
representation Ins generally been quite be
low'the average Intelligence and culture of
the foreign element at the Hawaiian Islands ?
Nor has it altogether worthily represented
the best phases of American life at home.
It is better that this mission should be abol
ished, than that it should be so tilled from
time to time by needy and Importunate men,
as to fail In all the essential requisites of a
foreign emhassy. We cannot say that our
Influence would have been any less If daring
the last ten years we bad seut no Commis
sioners to the Islands, or had allowed each
to enjoy the salary of $7,500 per annum at
home. One of these Commissioners was so
awkward and knew so little of the proprie
ties bf his position that he was the laughing
stock of both foreigners "and natives. An
other armed himself with a bowle knife and
made a murderous attack upon a leading cit
izen because, as editor, he admitted a com
munication,' Into the columns of his paper,
crltlclzlngthe conductor the Commissioner.
The man of bonle knife accomplishments
took lilmseir.lncontlnently out Ot the coun
try by way or China. A third Ambassador
was noted tor vulgarity or speech and man
ners, and made a brilliant close or bis minis
try by writing 4hd publishing the famous
lampoon upon the people, known as the
Honolulu Looking Glass. Another, we be
lieve, during a term or office of three years,
spent about ten months of his time In the
Hawaiian kingdom". '
We are glad to see that the press of this
State has taken hold of that subject, and we
bope that such an lntlnence may be brought
to bear on the new administration at Wash
Ington as will cause our Government to send
true and faithful diplomatic representatives
to the Court of Hawaii. ,
It Is more likely that the appointment will
be given to California orOregon.whlch here
tofore bas claimed tbe honor, as the -latter
State sent Democratic electors to Washing
ton. A Bold Swindler.
We have bad a visit from one of those
honest looking, nice appearing, affable gen
tlemen,' who talk smoothly, while playing
an nuderbanded game to tbe mortification of
their unsuspecting victims. About2 months
since a Mr. Thomas Stevens arrived in this
city from Panama, and represented himself
as one of the principal stock owners in tbe
Panama and New Zealand Royal Mall Steam
ship line. He was Introduced on board tho
steamer at Panama by .Mr. George Bcely, tbe
agent of tbe above named Company at that
place, who seems to have been taken In. On
the steamer be sumptuously entertained and
tbe compliment was returned In like manner.
On" his arrival here he was Introduced to the
firm of J. C Merrill & Co., by the Purser of
tbe steamer, a brother of F. L. Hanks, for
merly of yonr city, Mr. Stevens lived In
style at one of tbe first class hotels, and
made many new and. admiring friends, all of
whom he entertained in princely style. He
was a fine looking old English gentleman,
with an honest face, and a very ministerial
cast of countenance. He examined bur-city
front tor tbe" purpose of obtaining docks,
slips and "wharves for the projected new line
of steamers of this company.
This line, we believe, was to run between
this city and Australia, touching at Hono
lulu en route.
The, enterprising house of J. C. Merrill fc
Co. was let intd the scheme; and at last Mr,
Stevens wished to use some ready money.
Perhaps dim visions of a future agency, bet
ter than the expiring line of San Francisco
and Honolulu packets, flashed across tbe
beaming' faces of the members of the above
named unsuspecting establishment. How
ever that may be, Mr..Steveua gave a draft
on George Seely, the agent of the steamship
company at Panama, and obtained from J. C.
Merrill & Co. tbe snm or 2500. Tbe draft
went to Panama, and Stevens went overbnd
io New York. The. draft came hack protest
ed, Mr. Seely Informing the holders that
Stevens bad no funds there, and no authority
to draw upon tbe company tor any sum what
ever. The police of New York were posted on
the circumstances of tbe ease, and a few days
since they arrested Mr. Stevens at the Astor
House, and a requisition was sent from tbe
Governor of this State to bring tbe prisoner
here for triaL
It Is said Stevens has been en gaffed In
heavy swindling operations Ia Australia and
other parts of the world. A number of par
ties in our city were-"stuck" for smaller
sums of money, and tbe dignified and gentle
manly projector of steamship lines will be '
thoroughly "put through" after his arrival
among his many friends.
Jilmoit j Duel.
Someol the members of our Board' or City
Supervisors are getting pugnacious. We
came very near being treated tbe other day
to an affair or honor, in some sequestered
spot on the San Miguel Bancbo. In a dis
cussion the other evening, In the Board of
Supervisors, on tbe appointment or "certain
committees,- Mf, Canavan said that "the
choice of men was a put up thing to rob the
Mr. Cavalller felt himself insulted, and re
quested Mr. Caaavsn to retract. Tbe 'Utter
refused to comply with this polite request,
and then came the ehallange from Mr. Ca val
uer to mortal combat, which was I oscd late
ly accepted. Seconds were appointed, tbe
Weapons navy revolvers were chosen, the
time and places arranged, and distance fixed
upon. Mr. Canavan was ready, but In the
meantime Mr. Cavalller bad bad time to re
flect. His life was precious to him, he
tbonght or a widowed wife and fatlicrless
children, and or his noble form lying cold
and lifeless on the plain. Mr. Canavan mfjAf
shoot him, and be couldn't very well leave
his business, so he sent 'word to hi enemy
that his affairs were not In that state that he
could, with Justice to his numerous clients
and business connections, go Into the fieldon
the next morning and Jeopardise his life.
Mr. Canavan'a second replied t " Mr. Caval
ller should have considered those matters
before he sent a peremptory challenge to Mr.
Mr. Canavan should not have accepted Mr.
Cavalllers challenge, tt sets a bad example to
Overland Mail Matters.
Probaly yonr community, like ours, have
been growling about the Irregular receipt of
tbe Overland Malls. Large accumulations
of mall matter have arrived lately per ox
express, In a very demoralized condition.
We understand that Wells, Fargo & Co.
claim that 'the Irregularities In the receipt ot
the malls do not result from any fault in
their service, but In the Union Pacific Rail
road Company,, who deliver tbe malls In a
very Irregular manner; Sometimes three or
four days mall matter In one day, thus throw
log too much ou their coaches at one time;
and again, they must run light, because they
have no malls. If delivered with regularity
to them, they say they have abundant trans
portation for all the malt matter to deliver
the same la the shortest time.
The Small Pol.
The nnmber or eases had increased from 193
in .September to 295 in November. A great
deal of fanlt has been fonnd with the Health
Department and a meeting of citiiens and o fa
cials was held to consider means for arresting
the foul 'disease. Vaccination was endorsed
as the one great remedy, and a plan was
adopted providing for house tohoase visitation
in order to insure through vaccination.
There seems to be an opposition on the part
of many to being vaccinated, and some ques
tion its efficacy notwithstanding the great re
cord of facts in Its favor. Communications
have appeared in our papers from former resi
dents or your Islands relating their experience
during tbe prevalence or this diieais there in
1853, and giving their testimony to the good
effects of vaccination.
Tho small pox hospital Is fall of patients,
and extensive additions ar being made. The
prevailing cold and rainy weather, and tho
fact that tho Health officers are awakening up,
gives Us reason to hope that the disease may
soon be cheeked.
The President's Message.
The last Messag of President Johnson was
telegraphed to the Associated Press on tho 9th
of December. Those of your readers interes
ted enough in American affairs to read the
Message through. can judge of its worth as a
It commends itself to the Intelligence of the
world as beingthe dyingntterances qr a states
man who will be politically dead on the 4th or
March next. ' Republican papers or this coun
try hare criticised and torn tho document to
pittoca, and telegrams frottt. Curop report th
English papers as, declaring the Message a
Whatever may be said or the Presidents
views on Reeonstrnetion, every right minded
man must condemn his quasi repudiation
schemes and views or finance. Tbe Menage
makes allusion to the treaty with the Hawaiian
Islands in terms which seem to indicate that
the treaty " is not dead but sleepeth " and IT
Congress gives heed to his Implied suggestions
the treaty may yet be called forth Into actual
Alfred Chater, a former resident of Hono
lulu died in this city Deoeinber 14th.
He bequeaths all his property, including a
policy of insurance in the North America Life
Insurance Company for 74,000 to his two sis
ters Mrs. Peck and Mrs. Harris.
General MeCook took passage In the Pa
nama Steamer of Dee. 21st tor New Ybrk.
Hon. Daniel L. Or egg died at Carson city a
lew days since.
MESSRS. DICKSON & SMITH,
House, Sign & Ship Painters,
Kins; Street, near .Vonaiin,
HAVING FORMED A.CO-PART-
nerihln for carrying on the Painting
buiuirss, respectfully solieit tha public pat
ronage. Aney mil enuearor, oy strict ana
punctual attention to business, to merit the
esteem and confidence of their friends and the
draining, Marbling, (Hiding, Calsomlnlng,
Paper-Hanging, te., ie.. executed on the
shortest notice and on the most reasonable
terms. ' 51-3m
Honolulu Water Works, j
ALL PERSONS HAVING WATER PRIT- j
Ueges are hereby notified that a half.
year1 rate, in advance, will be dne and paya-
ble at my office on tbe first day of January,
1869, and if nut paid within ten days from i
that date, they will be liable to have their j
water stopped without further notice.
Sop't Water Works.
Office of Waterworks at tbe root or Nauanu
House for Sale, on Kukui St.
(MkTHAT DESIRABLE RESIDENCE ON
iiitKokul Street at preient owned and occu
pied by Mr'. William Crockett
The bouse Is in fine order, having juit been
tboronghly repaired at aq expense of nearly
one thousand' dollars. Apply to
43-lm ADAMS A WILDER.
-VT EITHER THE CAPTAIN NOR THE
JLN undersigned. Consignees, of the Russian
Ship WINGED ARROW, will be responsible
for any debts contracted by the Crew or Pas
sengers of said Ship.
II. HACKFELD i. CO.,
TO LET !
MTHE BOdTII PREMISES and
PASTURE LAND in Pauoa Valley.
H. A. WISEMANS..
Honolulu, Dee. 15, IMS M4m
Columbia Biver Salmea
OF THE CATCH OF 1Mb. .
Ia barrels and half barrels.
For Salt by 38-3at BOLLBS CO.
CAUTOXSIA. HMW AXS VSXSf
STZAXSKI? MHTAXTS v
Tho Company's Splendid A 1 StasasUf
IDAHO & MONTANA,
WILL RUN REGULARLYi BETWEEN
Honolulu and S&h liiSS
By the following Schedtde of Tin:
rrUoT,' xv. a
" Dte. II
- -. n
" liar. 12
Idaho, - ,
xot, so rjt a
Jan. 11 Jaa. IS
r. i t. e
ru tj ,u n
Ubcral Advance Made eta tail
ShlptarHtH per Steamer.
. Cargo for San Francisco will be received
at the Steamer's Warehouse, and receipts for
the same given by the underlined. No
eharjra for itore or cartage. Fir a risks la
Warehouse not taken by (h Company.
Insurance guaranteed at lower rats than by
sailing vessels. Particular car taken of ship
mcnts or Frnit.
Ail orders Tor Goods t be purchased In San
Francisco, will be received and filled by return
arShipmsnts from Europe and tho United
States, Intended for these Island, will be re
ceived by the Company la San Francisco, if
consigned to them, and ha forwarded by their
Steamers to Honolulu, rata; or cbaroz, ex.
eept actual outlay.
&S-tassengcrs are requeued, to (akt their
tickets before 12 o'clock on tbe day of sailing
and.tu procure their Pperts.
All bills against the Steamers must be pre
sented before two o'clock vn the day of sail
ing, or they will have to lay over till the re
turn or tho Steamer for stttlemeat.
H. HACKFELD i CO..
For Portland, Oregon.
The Favorite Bark
FULLER, . . . . . Master
Hating part of her cargo engaged, will have
quick diipatehfor tho above port. For freight
or passage, apply to
11. HACKFELD & CO.
HAWAIIAN PACKET LIKE.
For San Francisco.
The following First-Clan Yes-
sels will run regularly la tje
I. C MUItKAY.
CI.AKA St. SITIL.
for Freight or rassage, hsrlng Superior
Accommodations for Cabin and Steerage Pas.
lengen, apply to
WALKER i ALLEN,
For Lahaina, Maalaea Bay, ami
THE FAVORITE SCHOONERS
i KATE LEE,
3L. MARY ELLEN,
Will ran regnlarly between Honolulu and
the above named port. For freights or pas
sages, apply to the Captains on board, or to
C. BREWER A CO.,
For Hilo and Jnomea, Hawaii.
Will run as a regular packet to tbe above
ports. For freight or pas9age.spply.tp
39.3 WALKER A ALLEN. Agents.
For Hilo and Kaupakuea, Hawaii.
Will run as a tegular paeset to the above
ports, touching at LAHAINA. Forfreigbt or
passage apply to
WALKER 4 ALLEN,
For Nawiliwili, Kauai.
TBI cuprin scuooaia
CAPTAIX N1KA, - 1
Carryug IA ilttiealiaa Jlail tti'iaoet SnbiMif I
Will Leave Honolulu Every Batorday,
at Four o'clock r. v.. Returning will leave
Nawiliwili every Tneeday afternoon.
For Freight or Paitag. apply te
38-3m D. FOSTER A CO.
Regular Packet ff Mil.
Hill JUMTtZK ICHOOJIE
Will run regnlarly at a Packet between Hono
lulu and Hilo. For freight or passage, apply
on loard, or to CUCNO HOON.
Regular Packet for Mbi.
L. Schr. Kamaile,
Will run. as a regular paeket'txtweeti .Hono
lulu and 3Iobikai. touching at JTauaakakal
and Pukoo. For freight or passage apply te
the Captain on board or
3-3n H. PRENDEROAST. Agent
New Cottage to Let,
THE NEW COTTAGE dN FORT, ST
just above Capt. Brown's, will be leased
to a responsible tenant at reasonable rates?
48-Im E. P. AD.1M3.
DURINO 3IT ABSENCE FROM THIS
Kingdom, P. H. HARRIS will act for
me under Power of Attorney.
il-lm J.M. SMITH.
O.-O TO . LIGHT RAYEN3 DOCS,
Heavy Rsveas Daek,
aNeed!er , 4
JorSeJeky jX-Jta kMCLBS A CA
. Jot Vj "