- i..siu I
.stasia. t Twop. rmfci.mi ii a. jr-jra.
Orrrs 3fdbsS street west o
rui a mr
VOL. YXO. 5.1
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, FEBRU AEY 17, 1869.
$6.00 PER YEA!.
r-narf at fa84 X. Sitt Sacrs. c cs
Swan OCXm B -lam i mmmutm i
e a. i
TaaaJMsaaaBsl 4aWaM tattafaaSI t
. Cjawa, jgwl. Tf.rmnafa . 1 ty E
JL G. BICKSOX '
hac Tialaai aa 2atH Ss!ar;
XxIaatMaadSa&nncXaaKaA. I'n- EbjcwI
W. L GKECf.
Cgc to Ta-a-yiat fcrinBin. w iana. StmiV
rf Bamaata. H. I. ,
CH.V. ?f. SPE5CEK Jt CO
C- E. WXX-ULVKJS.
30CT AXD SS?Z rATt, ;
X. T. DOXSELX.
g'nw 4T?T XSS ggH3T,iT-:-ia. ,
TIBBETS Jc SKE3!iOX
SSIP CAS2ESESSS i CAUISZES
THE8. K. JlTXE?,
439 AiiUT Ma
UifiTa aat taav tinr&Kt EbdomiJairv
KPTar 'Tf yif rrti d. aott
Lr f aftiuE5. H-mr. ff rf Cap Buuts. Sm.
ainT aa'ii J i ii nfj iirtf.ii"Tniiiaii a gannrfimif ala.
jmnraJiii'TiHn& Ttairilaaljgit. gmaAai. iJja
x. a. -wt r.inrc.
s. c ir.f.n.
L- L- T9KBEKT.
TrrTTJ ETI3aC323 iX3 Z723T ZI33
22 Cnxa-Qsaar2paaaailrvt atMt. lit ,
anSa r'1' Mn aaiaauqf ga'aaiiaa.gtafaca.
CCaScbacbaO, ;E nitiiM a Ck.
n?uim Tr?,T7Jt g zacrs sags,
aa3Lfraac azgat fiijcefBia. 3-1? i
ggfwrr?- ivn suwp CHAS3LE2,
. t and Gnriil Agaatj.
Saaax, Waaf rfaa Ht- niiijr bt Eaw&aa SyrBan sat
XpsCftarta PaidLaa. aoiX nTTfir- Snsar E!aflCh :
tsonm. Kramcf tsn m 5anaaa. aalaw-1
AF.G Jc JLCHTCZa
Isjaraor 'STioLisala aai 2a tail Sealera j
ti Gaira 3farcaaiSaa1 aoil GnuiL, or t&
J!rapraif s&oa ax Saoaan. iEaal nailer ta f'aafic
GESKGE G. H6ffE,
uwtTirr x.2ev30!l aa TarfrraaltaaiJer.
Sifngfifr, Socbe, gaakea. BiTmia, TaiU, PlrnCi, aOL.
3d aSaiagtif armif anta. giaTaln E?-t
I". JL. SCSCJLEFEK Jt CO ,
al EjuJhltt. Oaftir. EL I j
ZD. EOgrSCTTT. , 7 F & CO, !
B RiaiiitnTn. Om. g. I. 'yi
TSwBX C HECCK,
Df3aTi-:i.at CSXXJSSZOS .
I-ff HjnnBtttt. OaSit. H. Z Iy !
Ml HJLCKJFEXJ9 A: CO,
enrziii caxzzssiox ieziu.
J-C Cnasr traav ILnuatlo, H. I. 3r
THZTOX JCC02E TAVTY,
Qnaraf KjsgaaHacgBaiata. Jy
CHACVCEV C RE
I&YimarSara aa. Jan icnet; abir Oil TaCay
JL. 8. CXJEGH0BtXT
wmrzsjxr uo ssuix ssuzz rs"
XrenaCafiacn,eBraraf Cjaaas ant Caaanaans
Saaat, IT.TTuilnta, "---'ilTrfi-naTTf imT-nninr
x. r. n i tv (.c.wsa3.(
zczi9w 4. Gwnragrjs- esczus i
C . B1KT8W, I
Gfloa ac ffia saa
a&., Tartu in II TTJ. r. Tff
raCajaTa4Kaat . I
k BUSINESS NOTICES.
uasoLrLC. b. x.
xcaarrs oc t giMtiw. u Hwiit
lliOT fur the Xxkn. TTallmkit wi
JVr ta Pwre&ase U4t Sa mi
ti rwujraiu our,irr- Eaak.cc. gouts, siw,.
maJ tot- nix; it ZmlMmxuri ojCMr rralnS-
AGE.1T tax- tit. BltKITRT BOXSS
Amt tic tJw Erwim. Buwtt IToiIktoSk
g. ir. noirrorv.
CO?EE A3TD GATJGSE,
Xffsr aa. ZsIxzads
fii pcepront 8 aral to ail warit ill lis &s
a Aal-BLiwnr a tibr Custum. Binwb. fia. oa
fi agnail JC 2 workm bimza K. 1m un. &aoil
u. JOsi jllL wa& rnft at tali wy twt
3UrtaC T iPww. ij wurl m a. th'ancxtt Timmwr
aaf ..v eu giv aaCsSKtiim. AJ1 knur f
US, ZT5C ASD COPPSS SXHES, '
a-rrnT SSwt, Setgwa. Xnn'ryT: & Caeeii.
licit pic cmnoi. 3aa-t5ift, amt alnua.1
Pviour artmitUin. -j ssiD-wt ijrJro
S-tBI. llSUaX ISWSMVt Will. W KBCmuni. IU.
TTtanjifnl tu tin Olzfi of Himuioliz. amt il
pwC ira JfQ-x-taiXiniLiittto btusnibatB Burnt
J. M. THOHPSOX,
gar ton. ad & Snc TTTitrnnrfr' t Caul. 4j4
OF ZZLAuEA. HAWAII.
3 THIS PTlBT Tnn-rr ti jarft,
Tifcam. Huna.--.iui m- i. amnio -
tAb, -mm. . j ,. ,.i
2l?aait ftrtSa Oaoir aKarajn. haai
Hants Graiaed aad
CH1KCES RCiaiTiBr.i?- j
Partnwutta-T3oi Tk Eliij. aapmevra
animrtfiriyatTjaarf fti ma2 c3. Junraav by I. rr
P, PIUtQi juuX otiacr Xauleal
V'-Jzaet sIaagnmiffi fa Tmuat an. Rpmral b.
nrXm,'frtacrI at ta aorciaa I
X i XEiaalpt
L.ji.n givcm ma ttL Flajaai Crnitax.
Tabt of eafigaueea gg. 5IIt
sna fTM ami LIS; Tumpa, OaJ. amt tani'inixwi
lna rtp9. aif Plunges' Briaaanr&A Bn c&a
aoly Ttnaiiter ax. cWaaj h. smS mil irlers a-
I1U. HTT. iXa'L TtiTT.
JOHT TOTT i CO
COPPEE ASD U5T SMITES,
TyiVrnmSt. aaa gacraSo-Ta XIiBgrrav
Sufr.9 tij mftnn-tiW ou&nc taatcurrzrapra
jart ta liraiaft ail Kmla if Cflppwr W iri. anaii m ,
fTn. ScJbrPaaK. Sarhnm Saaa. Wtmat Ptonpe. t
ata. aj an. ftanif. a tail aawaaumc if Tiix Wan. I
-vaica. .iStrlriiLi ac Cu Luvmc Ituiat Mem. '
AJI &mtia af Eiairfa ii.a. .llll Xacxu!!w aaii
33te)a2x. Jciuir from. ca achar tfaoI wlli m ,
C00PSE A2TD GAUGES,
Al taa (H StaaaV caraar Xiaj t Sethsl So.
XlaraBzKfcafSftftuaibaaitaaiQmb if Caas
0Ttuc Xjinajais eonalUMfy an nami. H ftivr b.
afranffitn u Ssjoaaa m-'i-ta rnrfmni.nai.f ffta
pamnxiu? -araica: a. aaa aeraciCas acjajw, abi fiir i
JCR. J. CSSTA,
Xaxs Straat. ojacsiia Cdi XaOrBir" HaH,
la atapicaftarczaEBCcwda liriwyrnifaa; all vxrX fa
aatUa. it Soatnaaa, ascs. a. WaSdi aatiC3iiakraBaicw
HCHSag SHlr?rSG AG EST,
Cea ia. Jxzzaa B-f-i- & Caf s TJzarl.
wiiaofion aaif Inunaaniy ait euar&Z '
wmnwi Kua ainnTHaa an- n aiix giaa mi ami,
pma; at har ado.
3ixaalraaar fai&ncc canr-
ax aa JeQC tt W flrflrrtri far, &i ggaj. tltf to
If aPXH- Bali i m Ml iln 1SE BXaT WIGHT W OS DM I
AITZS PSOTOGEAEE GAIIZSY
Ox rrt Stanat,
if a tu
Xal taat ESaa. f C aa
Eul&jiufea- at Talaalaa, Ku.
Tcwaaf 3aBaaiactarnuicaal. JlmCtnU
T i-njk. timatna. Giffit, atawail Siraua'axlair
nticaa. aa. Oaa.aai Aptasa- Aamaaaf aSaoaa.
aiia. aai tU rtaag.
X2SS2S. EICZ50T fc STTrry
Erase, Sign & SMb Painters,
S3B EATC F02JEO A C0-PA3TT-
SIbBB Sir -rrlay Jia PiiaSnx
Bo!im. pasj-Sei tie EniEr jaV
naift TSer -wBI aaiaawr. Bt atta aai
KiDoua aav gssao, ca wrf- i ttt
Giiarar. Yarairar- r3fer. CaCnnxasx-
Pajax-Eaagiay, A, Ij . rTfrnTfrf est
TJT ijr.-r ms,
wi in ii iyinm
3LT- (3TXL4ICS. CK.CL1KC
SS7ZSASCE, CLASS & CO.
JVfL " ."'i rf t55,Bla
Jt XxbmaLrm, Cki JitaSKltu
XCSASSS, XESSTTT. CO,
nmnrn!STnr 'snri? htt i vrc
' ..... i ' .w,
prwf 3nr 8nfflhTrr, afg prvtrwt to neeftiraai
aa uficdM Sjt titwva 3szt vault
B.'i t,p?r a Cmiim jxr. .
ASmx a Lrfirt, .
LwOitni a tarrtn.
E. 31. TJCV KD.
a&tmxtfta-beftCKiCTiianeaftacvuraa imCnafia eon. i
rtM witfa Cite Aaiiw. totia- Jjr tk past a&t
an a paafufiM aa cxaajctaa; &asuw.&ifCn I
WTCTTTS. W.WiTTWTO & CO-
r I SOS Xrsai Ssreeft. Sa rtaaeaea. j
LASGEET, CSOWSLL & CO, :
WHOISV DSTTRrT -
" J-UI;riD ltTt X)iU lllxi-OiO,
Crc Eary 4 OaySa.Saar rarmra.
I SJLA FRJLrCISCO
EQAED OP U5DSaW2EEE2S.
rrUXC C3CDEt$IGXX hnla$ Uca
:C CaibrmiBn, twmprailig ta
CXLCtmlA Iaszajaca Cuiopaiijr.
Jtarrhanta 3taxaat JXaaiif Xba.COm
FaxSe XjfcsatrajBce Conapoajv
CoJlfianxIa. XJajifa. aa
Pm, 3tatsat Ia.4nrxa Cempajijr.
6r bo? Ba si&tai 3tucarf Ycgutfr aoil tiW fafi-
try tia Jw Cumpaaiia amt paj t ;
cm at ami acur luaa, ai ar Bear csa luima
StaA. "tt hare a . Tarfl SyAra. ,
UTS USANCE COM? AST.
rajEKsiciEiJ. acjtts -r!
filHE O EHj IG3ZD. r,
JL ti iton Ompaa j, hvn fca aarhi.rtftKr ui
araro ciata i Cmxa. iTr i 5 tl t ami Traaa .
atr. hw Cautin, tram ffjmJntat aapurtsafi
ta. BwaSaa Sma, aott t a araa.
Mjt k trinryTTTv 1 co. !
3AEISE I35H2ASCS C02EPA5T
Of Sua Fiuulin.
WAixza a jixzex 1
H-l-TlB X-K a H-B KEJI EX j
J7IEE I2TSHSA5CS COX? AST. !
rxTHE cxdexisxgxed lu.inr ba 1
J,iff?aJTi.ir-i! af . F" !
Hrla-a Ettllillaj. .oil .a Xartatadlw ,
milE AGKIT FOB THC BRITISH
l33rBat Ecnta HtaMtiita mil Parfa m. tftaw fHciilff;
t uui i Btnr BnTjar! sti we PoSc&a ar c&tt Lmxx
) Eoi, with. jptrcaaV rriiaarstua n Trearitr pr ;Ceazt
TEES. E. &XT2jTS,
SUGAR k MOLASSES.
HILO, IX. X.
Sajrar and XoIases.
120P COKTSG IS A5D JOS SALE 15
a .... .
'F'aaima ca. ra. ponaajOT, oy
w r.K f.f.
Ssax aal1 3lolae Crop
"vxHxyf; rs, foe sale rsr qcasxe-
J taal tj iait cgTra aiarj.
WAISE2. i ALLE3,
fxSHJSG TS, F02 SAXE X3T QCA3TT- f
V-A Otf ta net aarzsajerr. uf
-VTEW CEO? 3W COHTSS IX. X02
13l Sals ca qnratfrfw t net parciajerx.
By C. ESEaTSR t CO
?Tarr Crap of Hstai- Jk. Xolaca
-VT0W COKEJG 15, A5 X02. SAiE Ef
XX yri rrrr-rTr to jpa,a?S nrt fcy
c at. ts. i
X EAJXAEA ASQ rjiTZ PXJJfTA-
TT&3f3, saw aasfag la at trtai'tj-
TLtliO, It. DJITIEs.
gFm aH TTKWaJaWaK.
JL Tfejrase the riJU.
The chief of ivaVfib teas rer expedt-
iti, aad as they sp poached cumpJetioo,
i Iwaata diUr ejrctitwc of aa order to
tike ap tar residence es si ere. ia charge
of the trad. With the ElC&tv with whita
sooe joacj oea severe lajgcasw vstea
apfvirs to is a gift tt&er tbaa Siu iv$utt
ef appSeatwa I bail Veccsie so fimtlhr
! capttia cftea eaBed to tali fcr hie ia
, t-f,n-- teiasactWCS-. eW3lCJT.
! after ti iirfk lad bacoa-
i CQCtCWCCe t& alt ttjr I Wai CalKU Wt3
. .v . . .
pbtt; Jti 3WL (procooawi JUdS-&tfi
stjsj thirtr dKei urestwani ca tile eoas t
of Taaca Lenz. taera to e$tab&& another
tihicy stat wo. Mrasilitaat as to b a
Pertcpwif, wbo rewol ia tie "parser's"
case of Browo, &s2 vbo had shipped
a Ixbcn&a. H had a oatire wife 6wa
the saaie place. Milt was tributary to
HabrafM. as the tatt- wai to Jibao. aad
t!trvCare. vith th tsro hootaes ca bcarvl.
Vi < saft 13 KlaJlBjiiiBr a station s fir
, . , t
IVCtOTIiti UQQ UC TetlL
-At tea o'cicet tha ceit nomine; tie
I .il'l AWWmQ A I I' I III tj IUU
bern- put on bcaritie captaia
hare tie deaEng oat of the tratie ia par-
fch arai tactoiha. ,h?e the
".wa.ta.ia the talkie,
K hatim Ered a yncti t.i nn tfi
isiaciij. aad sraitiar the laasace oaite
iiaeat!?-- Our trade cocibteii of a dozea
cissbits, teo kegs of cornier, sane nhales"
teeth. SatK sheath-kaiTes, red asd blue
Yankee doth caros. saafl Ioofcicrfaises,
scssors,acii red ochre. The biter u ea-tecsiTelj-
csed br the Fiptaa daadiei. with
which ther paint their Etces ia Tariocs ta
taitic waji. SoaetcrKa a feHe w would be
seen stratrtirr aboct, nrr grare. asd evi-
deatlj feefing Terr proad. with one side of
his face painted a jet black, with the soot
obtained roc cooking-pots, and the other
jpfe a deeo red. front the Teraflfioa of the
. . -
The captain icstrnctioca to ne were
t short, bet impressive. Said(te "Here a
? n 1 TOttea iajr I eipect
yon to Icok oat sharp, and cake 33 rood
trade as yea caa. Keep Toor eves open
. . . .,. .
and be oa the watch, for ut spite of oar
harixr a hsstage oa board, these treacher-
1 acs divtli are Gable at aaj nocieat to dab
too." This was a pieaiant crosceet waa
1 it not? to go thirty or fortT milea a war
ie awge.. who were
reputed to be toe wars: tatages et tcese
iaiase iilanders ta set np a fishery with
the eomed wealth of trading- articles
which wehidiaoar charre- Itlooiaatths
dutance, to uy mai, rather a risky piece
of besiaeii Bat I was yoang and thought-
isB then, and the novelty of the affair
pleased ce exceediciy.
By ele-rea o'clock, we were fairly ca oar
way to oar destination, and the brir was
fading ia the distance, as she Lit qaietly
at anchor oader the be of Jlathcata, while
rabe escipteted the rssLaatic pictare on
the other iide of thenobfebay. Oorcanoe
was a siede one. ahwt thirty feet ia ieegth.
and like all canoes of those Hand?, was
Cxratshed with aa elevated piatfbrai, oa
which, passengers and their fretsht were
: cc; of the reach of any spray. Oar crew
coasuted of a dozen 3IaS men, ander
the eacatand of -Xdica." EteraHy, true
the xoa of the principal chief of Jlali
The Fiprrriri. are rery kifffji! ia the raaa
aseaeat of their canoes. The zail is a
three-cornered affair, cade cf oats sewed
tcgether. The mast U stepped into a
socket oa the deck, and is stayed by ropes
Bade cf twisted coeoaaat tasks, which are
made fas: to each end of the canoe. Ia
beating- to windward, instead of tsreiae;
the easo ahect, as we Enropeans or Juser-
tcaaa woaH with a beat ia tactic?, the
sheet is slacked off and passed to the eth
er end of the canoe, whZe the mast, which
was stayed at aa angte pointing cTtr what
was jast bow the bow, is, by means of
SKickiBgcp and haaSae ia the two stays.
cade to baa nx the oppoeite dtreetiso.
The sheet u cow taafei ia at the sura.
wfcea Tfu reeestly the bow, and off goes
co? casoe caa new tack, withect tarag
tarsedrooad. They sad Eke the wind, too
I seTer saw- a prettier sight, than oce cf
these keg; rncefci-Eaed, sinsie cacota, on
x wind with z stiff breeze, going tee
rate c, al least, siztees knots aa hoc,
the ctv, svJk thar sosw-white rotoica
the tarUz3 cf tap) and the beg ends cf
their eqsiaSy while carca streacuEg ia the
hjrese, whiJ? they passed ocr brig-u ihe
Jay at aaehor at Minx f&eogstsnsr
Trvrfr-, and the other chiefs w& were on
beanLt&eygaTe a ihoatia eonccrd, "Xdaa,
Wisir tie tsstl sstatka to a high
tht'f Tie aEawerh reesgnmnew fica
lite efcfefc agiecibfaaf oaccr decks, w
JUsawws S-ct sitcf the fe, oaoer
iNfjwMtaiatfce wisai hecase &it
baSiagr, so we edged to toward th sh-ore,
aad jetting into shoal water, took to pole-iag-.
Our pwewss. was of coarse, rather
slow, and reiy titttsosse. inasocl aj th
tsa beat down iateasehr. oa oar beads.
The coast oT Yaaaa Lero. along which W
were oatio? oar war, was. Eke naaar parts,
cf the isiaads. perfivth- hidden at the wa
ter edje by a dwts growth of taaagroTa
bashes. I asked the natire "Siogi ta
cata!" "Are there no inhabitants,' ana
the answer was, "Yes ; there are plenty of
peopi there, bat User are a wild set of fel
Jows, and lire mostly in the bills, cot dat
ts.to cooe to the sea-jhore." Th man
who gare rae this answer was aa elderly
man. of a Terr trare cast of cooatenaace,
and had, apparently, taken a great liking
to Be. and continuity addressed tne as
"Xaasra Taraaa ar chief. I had that
corning pren hint a new day pipe, which
be had carefatty preserved, by inserting
the sten ia a slit ia the lobe of one of his
earv While sitting beside ne. and coo
Tersing together, as well as ay knowledge
of the hngcage would allow only a few
ctinates after his recurk that bad people
cf this part of the coast scarcely ever came
down to the shore, there came a whizzing
soond. and a reed arrow front the shore
struck the bowl of the pipe which hurts a
ny friend's ear, shivering it to atoms.
Passing for aa instant to look at the frag
ments of the pipe, he seized the musket
which lay by my side, and fired it into the
bash, in the direction from which the ar
row had come. I don't think any one was
hart, bat that they were scared pretty bad.
was evident, as we saw a number of the
natives scrambEsg op to their village oa
the heights in great baste.
AYe arrived at Jlali about ten o'dorJc
that night, in a drenching rain. We were
provided, however, with tarpaulins; pro
vided, more especially, doubtless, to pro
tect -the trade" more than ourselves, bat
we got ander them and escaped the raia.
Tni-ltali. a rather elderly man, was on the
beach to receive as. and the rain had. by
this time, quite ceased. We found that
the bichi-iiMaer house and oar own qaar-
ters had beea completed, and, attended by
the chief, and united with the
lama tlawauacs call them ircia&rDta
the sheath in which lies cancelled the
yuuog axoaaais, onui, oorsong asaauer,
it exposes the duster of nat3 to the ripen
ing warmth of the saa. These cocoaant
sheaths, as I term them, were very dry
whea they fell off from the tree, and the
natives always gathered them to use as
Mamiaators. The oil of the tree now
quite aa ankle ef commerce explains the
reason why these imaj burned so brightly,
tea we got into the house that had
, , . . "
ceeo emit for oar residence, we found it
everything that we could desire. The
mats oa the floor were a foot ia thickness,
and fine in texture. After changing our
efotbea, awjma (awa) wu ancoanced, and
nat-sheU full of the mixtare. bat my pre-
viocs experience of the taste of this favor
ite Polynesiaa stimulant, led me to decline
the -Sowing bowl" Then came a smoking
hot sapper. First, several kinds of fish
some boiled, others broQed oa the coals,
aad others again, cooked in leaves, as is
common in ITairaa-neL Xext, the pitcs , nnder a virulent attack of small-pox.
de TttitUnct, as the Preach say a small t K"2,to5 " Pf Pl 00 "J0'
J I cated, and that tbe safety of tbe common
pig, cooked ander groaad, with taro.sweet ' weal demands that none tnoald be allowed
potatoes and breaifinit. Ttefeast wonnd i SthT nr?
up with rahj-Wo poi aad coacoanut milk ; cation to be Imparted. Snail It be reii
. , , . . i eioas, or shall it be semlarf If the
and raia-joso bananas stuffed with gra- j KrmeV were determined upon, we should
ted coeoaaat. After all. the inevitable se- 0B,X prepare a battle-fldd npon wblcb a
, , .... 1 hundred different sects would wage an lu
tein, and then to bed. The chief slept j terminable conflict. But ascneme of secular
with as the first nisht oa the shore of Mali ' fdoeatloncoald be adopted, ta wbleblt would
. - .... - ; be poailble for all men to (gree. There are
bay. After Browa aad I bad stretched no doctrinal points connected with the mal-
onrselves oat oa the yielding MWX"ffi,&Sw
Td-lfali had another bowl of angma, and tbe law of grammar are happily Independent
yr. ,lhv it i,---.r.r,i fficotaeoiol C?neilt, ft'estmlnsur Am-
. . j
never go anywhere withoot aa attendant '.
... , . , , , .. i
priest made a prayer to the kalu, or sptnt.
priest made a prayer to the kalu, or spirit.
The FijEios do not worship idols, and I
never saw aa image among them. Bat
they are thorough spiritcaEsts.acd believe
that they are constantly ssrrocaded by the
spirits of their disembodied ancestors asd
mentis, and to tfcese lber nrar. Th t
. - '
town has, ia some central spot, elevated oa
a high fbanrlstion of stones, so as to over
top all other kocsez, a tastefully construct
ed, bat gasaO-iiz&i house, which is called
the YaLt Hbvcre. 'ote how dose the re-
bmfcfaace cf the cane to IlaLc Pule the
Hawaiian, for hocse of prayer. Into the
FTju hosse of prayer, no female is allowed
to eater. The etiefs and elder mea of the
town meet there ia the evenings, and cftea
spend the whole night there, drinking mt-
griM and talking -poEtica.'
The taUtscce of the prayer of Tui-Ma-H's
priest wu,aa fir aa ray own knowledge
cf tie Uagsage, aad the aasiatasce I re
eeirel foam Browa, as follows: Tboa
spirit, fbnserly of earth, bat bow reHered
from the ties of the body fisteo tboa to
me cse, who aa still tied op ta UHsSastly
tenement. Here ars certain -kti raisWnn-
gM, who bare come to ths cetstryfbr
the psrpo- cf fishisg far Uekai&mer,
ntlch, tiag (X no ae to a, appears to
be af gfaat raise to tbeas; therefore, 0
spiHt, webgof thee to exergue toy mys
teriow powers, asd caate toe ndreelick&
hmet) to tmstm oa the vtf m per ag
beAmi,ia that at aasy atajr tokai-
papddaagi''gt all ao wtta, bat taat ww
cay get pleay of aoAtto, pewir.waaiii'
teeth and doth." Taawafa we to
sleep. TVs next day, baaweas H eM-
tneoced. and w west to work Ut geoi
earnest. The casoes west owl oa Hm
reefs, wttk mea. woaea asd ck&wa. aad
by saodowa, that day, we had a MaMy
sh as we coaM waoage. So thia weet
oa particalarlr pleasant for two weeks, a.
til a tittle drcoHtKance nappe aed, wh-ich
came very near giving both Browa mk My
self a qaietns. As I said ia one of the
previous sketches, descriptive ot this "Voy
age to the Fijiis," the Datives cf those M
amis, like all other of the PaciSc islanders
with whom I have come ia contact, whea
they, for the first time, bare dealings with
the white man, trustingly believe that they
are going to be treated hoawtly. When
they Sad the contrary to be the case, alt
their savage instincts naturally arise, aad
they are bound to have revenge.
Ia my nezt, I will relate what happened
to as at MaU.
'file Educational Problem.
It U anything but atlctorj to relect
that ia tUs Colony we are as fir at eierfrom
tae aoiatloa of the problem, "How snail we
cwt educate tae people I" It Kern to be
Kcually admitted that the present syitea
toes not work as well as could be wished,
xzi that, liberal aa U tbe public expendltare
oa education, able and xeaiou as are the ma
jority of those who are encaged la the work
of isstractioo, and numerous as are tbs
school established all over tbe Colony, there
U stilt a considerable percentage of children,
both la town and country, which cootrlve
to elude tuition of any kind. Ia Melbourne
and Its suburb, these boys and girls consu
late tbe nurseries of crime and prostltctlon,
from which recruits are belnjr constantly
drawn for that little army ot ruSUaa and de
linquent which It coat society so much to
watch, repress, and panUU. In the country,
these children degenerate Into semi-savages,
only a few degrees Removed from the condi
tion of their four-footed aocUtes Id tbe
forest, oa tbe farm, or tbe station. In all
dvilized states, tbe existence of such a class
Is both a reproaeb to tbe Government and a
danger to society; but here tbe peril Is lu
ll aitely Increased by tbe fact that each of
these male Ishmaclltes Is tbe possessor of a
-vote. He "bath a voice potential" as tbe
worthiest citizen among as. In time, he and
bis class may become a power ia tbe State.
They are so already In New York, where the
roob Is master of tbe situation, and sends a
pugilist and blackleg as one of bis represent
atives to irogrcss.
I duty. It mast nevertheless acknowledge that
! it Is to iu interest, to cot off the tnpply of
mJ.I-.,. 1. .. f . I I . 4 .
! and that, as a mere question of pounds, sbll -
I ""5 " P". It Is cheaper to provide
tnucemen. iauori and
jnnjes. ine possisiuue ot gooa or evu ue
enlolded la tbe nature of every child, and
tbe development of tbe one or the other de -
pen da npon education, primarily, and upon
elrcamstance In a secondary degree. xpe-
rlence shows teat tbe natural affection of tbe
parents can not be always relied npon to se
cure to tbeir oaiprinjr tbe safeguard and tbe
advantages of education, even when these
are offered rratnitously. And since society
can not, witb a due regard to its own safety.
tuner any oi iu memuers to grow up in ig-
i 5?!?? Md"IUlOQ-"f knowledge or the
djstinetlons between right and wrong, It has
BO alternative oat to interpose its antnonty,
1 and to insist upon the education of all tueh
. children as are not voluntarily placed nnder
' bistraetioa by their own parents, asweUts
' npoa the latter contribatlnr to that purpote
i according to tbeir means. This Is tbe prln-
clS tbe r?u ??u nV? 10 "S to,
, vaccination, making it penal for any parent
j to forego taking thU precaution. And if thU
surelyjustiaable where tbe evil to be guarded
against la ot still greater magnitude, and In -
volves a species of Intellectual and moral
death to tbe person who sailers from it. 'or
are its Injurious consequence confined to
him alone. They extend, as we have seen.
to tbe whole community. A man whose nat
ural intelligence and moral sense nave never
been developed by culture, whose Instinct
are brutish, and habit depraved, Is Just a
lembliea, ana eceietiasticsi srnodi. There
aa be little difference of opinion as to the
soandntas of Milton' maxim that:
, .t . . , .
, ma I it, i &aa iwai c uuj ma.
Ia ta arts arfa&m,
nor any terioos donbt a to tbe propriety of
incsleolatisg tbe knowledge requisite to this
end. May-wc not hope, also, that there are
certain broad and general principle of rao-
! rstlty and virtue, ia tne efficacy asd aatbor-
1 J " -" iciiskiu. ue.i?,er u.aii araoa-
i. r lc.i ,i i u.tt . i .
fatlAfi Mitamia- atsan wrrlri mlatit r. 9rt.
wiinoat ininnziEic oa me provuee oi ibc
tpiritasl Instructor, while servtngin tome
measare as ine oaae or ue oaurcMe or ttts
Since, then, unity of action I possible la
regard to Kealar education, and appear to
be ctterly ho petes witb respect to any sys
tem which would attempt to blend spiritual
with mental Instruction, tbe duty of the
state Is plainly that of famishing tbe descrip
tion of teaehlnz wblcb It I capable of i apply.
Ing to pnpfl of every denomination la coat
moo, while affording tbera every reasonable
facility for religion training. An boar or
more each day SBiaat be set apart for this
pnrpoee, during which the ordinary work of
wc acnoot anosja ne acwaea, jcsvisg tf
open to tbe attabters of religion to eHlle
tlie opportunity or otherwise.
One great wfomaeBartton of a cannon
school (yttesa, wblcb thoald be tecaW ia 14
daita, we hoaI4 be tatteg the taoat eBeet
oal auaas far hveaiitog Vorn the aseial
barrier which taaasate the differ? Meat,
and for pattin; ma esd to those saberaMe
secUrlaa iHinarina "heh ar arodaelaa;
Catbotie, aad iewt, by aaaalrlea; a asrtaaal
reayact fat aeh aShtr, wmM aooa Mara to
eaicad tae aaate rata lit to the hoat oea
vtoloB eatertalaad hy aaah aaea qaettlotx
cre8jowiiahrfpta(t(e8; ad wetia-M
eveatatfly wttaaaa the haalatiatgat of that
deteataUe ttlrit of tatnhiiaaL aaaf Maantrr
wblcb U caHivatad with saak a aTe is
d rutry. asd whieb arnKuli Hat fe Umtmrn
of pollil eixfe wHh MttnMt A
taaaiarawy wfsay a taw
JflBl Alt BaWaBBBCafc aNlBVj
ThaiaoM rrawttt of bKiwotiaaiats ka tae
aty of Loaisa. wrca mtom Mas last aaw
treH t(Mt w (
i ewa pa
IIih. at la naaaaat ttaM. aa aaaaar ca I
wo a to mm Ia ear- kxniak oai. jewr
trwt, tbea, aa baesi taw ihaaf i awitaw Mas
Ust tfecoitarhsl Bf ta aw aC taaTkaat
MN of that BefteaL aad alace taatawta, aaat
aleoty Hm taaMajiua ef aMiat rssajasav
let tM try to gtva nanthaaa; of sanaaaw
the appear af ta aty ta tbaaa ataaa,
wbealUwara OL hsat baam ktaar aiS.
vcar,tw Mac laeciaatiat asa yaks afar
waraCby Meaanl It, waw hba , -(.ffeal
seaaral aaaMarasl pssBaaasl apaa taw
In tae feaHataft uaatau. taa wasBi af a
city wee. HM saase taaat twa ssap ta a.
deaased. Tae jtayar aa4 tae
were tae coatetrttw of taa usx
the iclory aad twort of tin city." Vaw
ancient Lontoi &rt4a, aaltt ttom k i n aaaiii
of Peter of Cotoeaarek, aaa. baa i ia ill i lla
the Utter wt of that eMtas. sM
a moveable diaw-brMae lh. taa aaaaa af
vessel to tbe ubave MttetaMtaa," Mfaat
time crowuea wua roreara tajaja.
tne oia risb street, tiaaa ao
tba Inn (or bmIob) of the Bl
Lord XonUH, of MaM, la Sorta.
ana tne caarca watca stooa cioary
ooa thereto watest wa the ptaceat
of tba femUv was at tae tlavt. aasM Bl.
MsryMonmoata. Xcarto tM,aa asetahV
was tbe "Queea's Wardrobe," to gaiM Bam
Its bavtne bees riven by tae tome to aia
oeea. In Um lataaewtete TielaUv at fav
Ung street, tae mtdeaee of tba Sawn fctaiar
murnt oo teea, taeasaowa asbMora Mini,
lu 5opcrlae aiott of Un. " papaj," ta
"rrocer" of tbe areacat dav. atawlt: aad
AVestcbcpo and CbepeaMe were, at taatt Uae,
tne cttuea isaei taoroagBsaiw aa anea-.
pUce. Id 1 rMy street ttoa the Uata BMar-
ket, and dowa a turning; to the left wa aa
King's ExchaBSie, where tae assaf ot antol
for coinage took pUtce. Ia Wcatche? toe
footway wa raised apaa pi!a; wood waa
nsed for bullelac pnroe la Ilea of tteatv
though party wall ot stoae had beaa sac
some time enforced apoa bailden by aa apt
dent regulation or "Jae of the dty." T
tbe rlrht of Cbepeslde Mood the charaaef
at. Mlcbtel la Qeern, (or Coea) froas toe caaa
market held oa the apot;od bard by.oe toa
opposite site, toward the toathwett, toe ca-
inearu oi at. raai, rove-tag aa area ot i
Iv four acres' la exteat. with H. :
nave and trneDU.BolntM ehoir. laif e e
eL and rich rose wlaaow, aanwa la.lat-
oriciaal ttatellae aad BfatMkar.
tbe catbedtal, wa the erjat of toa ehateh of
On tbe north tide. tlkhtlT laeuelac wait.
ttood tbe bishop' palace, described as hatasr
was placed tbe pulpit crow, with It atoaa
step and wooden pulpit, where, on ctt
Sunday, some eloqucot. priest or Btoak al
to discourse, attended by larfre naathe-tof
citizens, and If tbe weather turned oat unfa
vorable, the preacher took hi ttaad.aader
tbe pent-bonse, beside the cathedral, knowa
as the "shrouds." It wa at this crota that
t the "Spltal Sermons'
were Srst ptgachc.
1 In Paternoster Row street, la tbe foarteeaaa
f Mnlnw KAar-MM,Mn fH. I I l iT ll ll I I Aa
' their trade; and tbe writers of text, area
" and paternotters, carried oa their bate.
Kear to this thoroughfare, stood tba :
tion of the Earl of Warwick, aad tbe Date
I of Bretagne; and pcttsgdown Bowery Bow,
1 where the bowyers or bow-auken dwelt,
I the cltlxen of those days soon cee to toe
i "Bayley," where tbe City Chamberlain beM
i his Court. Then proceeding a little to tba
westward, tbe rate called "Luoatttc" raicht
be approached, which wa tboruy afterwant
turned into a dcDtors prison, inu i
like tbe majority of the other dty entrance
was Inhabited by a tergeant-at-arma, with,
an attendant be himself provided, who kept
watch at ntgbt; two araed mea a gaard,
being dally furnished by tbe ward. Over too
ditch st tbe bottom of tbe valley, (Jat with
out tbe city boundaries) was a drawbridge,
two hundred feet In width.
We may notice Fleet street to the bar at
tbe Tempi ; tbe Royal Palace of St. BrMcet,
or St. Bryde's, near tbe well dedicated to
that saint; the Bishop of Salisbury's lea;
the monaattrr of the Carmelites, or
friars, rebuilt for them In the fourteenth cm-
Kew Temple, asd. CHf-
I ford' Inn. called "Clifford's," from tbe lea-
I fnpri'a Inn Mfltttft
1 tor thereof, Dame Elisabeth Cuabrd. Tara-
i log to the right, by 'ew street, la 18, VrC
called Channcery Ian.-, by reason of .Edward
I III. having placec
Disced the "ilonte of the Jewish.
Convent," with It chapel, in Cbtsncery ; the
pedestrian of tbe fourteenth ccntnrr woafd.
pass tbe mansions of tbe Earl of Chichester
and tbe Earl of Lincoln, built on the site of
the Blackfrlar's monastery. Just beaoad,
stood tbe rain of the old Temple; and pro
ceeding northward, be would reach theatre
then called "Oldbonrne," from tbe ttrsata'af
that name along tbe street to tbe bettata ot"
the vaHey, bnt in order to get to which, It
wa necessary to pas tbe "great auaalsa of
Sir William Furnlvtle," now called "Farat
vale't Inn." Farther down, stood the gar
den, vineyard and uJfrob Sckia, that than la
tercepted tbe view of the bukiIob of toe
Bltbop of Eley ; snd beyoad the river, at the
bottom of tbe bill, on tbe right, lay the
Smooth-Held, now SeKhttM. It sboald be
observed, that on tbe right of Oldfcoarae
Street, ttood Tliavte't Ian, Bother abode ef
tbe law (Indents, rented by them of s ar
mourer by the name ol Tbtvle, The Old
bourne Sowed Into that lll-(vored trlbatary
of tbe Thame, tbe Fleet, bnt la tbe fosr
teentb century. It wa better known a "tae
Klver or well," Boas tae anes watch K
received from the apMsa Clerkem
Islington. Fatting over a coMldereete por
tion of the nortaera part of the ward of Tar
ringdon, tbe pedestrian woald come to tbe
andest CoHege, or Bkaetaary of BL JearttB't-le-GnneL
Kear to thJ coficge, stood a up
!on belonging to tbe Earl of Noribaatber
land, and not mr off, vh the aoted heaas of
the "Friar Manor," oa the Mveateat ,of
which wa fa moo meat market, called, froaa
) ... .ullhnrfM, rkli W Uk. SW,
nuicu mu.nuwu. Haw, owsn uu.i:
1 a a aa
Also, within tbe wall, aeae dUtaaaa oa
the ricbt frets that wet, saigat be Mec. a
large suasion called BakewelL" or Biadt
weS Han, fomeriy aenoffliturted "Baftaa'
Htti, from a family of th naiae wha irtatt
largely la woolen good. Mot fmr ot om toe
nght, wa tae -Jewry," waere taa rw aaaa
twaerraawa, m bbsb nt aae at
dwriHaea, the Use bsllt i
Here the Jew had t
afterward (araad lata a
Itcutlal frtara." Jrataw
beyoad, la toe street ef "LHbbii,w tWrit
fogsart,t ratttnr aad thw at ktStaaat nam.
Ftag or i the Jha af SaoawaVtaBB, to toa
left, the dty tsoaatlary t aaasa Mitjj.il tt
Bliaautgtte, leavtaa- tie Haaaaatt afav Bhv
ryof Bcthleat an the rhyht head aaa af,
war, WUbla the cat, tlooc the ttnatar
BtVetMtHe, Bt. HeWl Morjr
Xaa, taW he atea, aad ataa tac-aataaa
eharch, dedicated to the talat. Bay aad
tC 04MH RMaaWCaMI Oaf 'taaatf Ja'aVH JBBBJbBBbV-
tailed "LeadcBhall.1' aad at to atar aatid
croaswar, or ntfnee, hy to trar ef aha
Itaeeaywctw ptteed taw af toi jHlii-
ew, wm www h miaiara. star aa
whka wa th vMM, (aad laiaaajj
to v a aaa at taw (amaai
hi to cttyjat ttaaaataaa aajf f
R ttrtat, tfaa paat of Ba j
UaeltanBkaft, arhara, aa avcty H
alatlt, arlaw aarfc, was eat aj h.
ctiafag atfll rarOter ewtwaVdl
Holy Trlf, aad etoat tat, law
aaat'flc Bsattoiafe' CaaaaaV
ta Ahawr of at. Cam,
maaHii Tba wsw toet
amXtag Bjtsjawtasiti irii it.
xml | txt