BOOK A1TO JOB
AT $a.OO PER AX.VCK.
MaHed to Foreign Subscriber mt
OrncE On 3ierchant street, west
he Post OSes, Honolulu-, H. L
lis ii fetus sil to enCTta art tm'
w m m mm
IYtateJ ana published by J. More Sxiih, t the
Jonwnent Printing Office, to whom J1 Latin ess
VOL. Y NO. 7 A
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, MAR CH 3, 1869.
$6.00 HER YEAR.
camsannlcatlans nut w mqthmo.
WITH ITBAVfm AJTD
JOUS T. TVATERHOUSE,
IMPOETEE AITI) DEALER IK GENERAL
2 Queen Street, Honolulu, H.Z. ly
Importer, Wholesale and Betail Dealer
Id Lumber ui Bunding Materials. Fort. King and
zaj jiercnant fctreeti, ilonolnln. n. 1.
W. I. GItEErV,
OEHEEA1 C0KML5SI0IT AGENT & BEOEXE
Once In Tiro-woof BnUdlnci on Queen Street.
281 " ' Honolulu, H. I. firs
c. k. spEsczn. h. xact abuse.
CITAS. 'iV. SPESCEK & CO.
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
St Queen Street, Honolulu. II. I. Iy
3IcCO.GAni Sc JTOIEVSOrV,
10 Fort it., Honolulu, opposite T. C nenck's. lyt
C. E. WILLIAMS,
MANTTFACTtniEE, IMPOETEB & DEALER
In Tornlture of erery ducrlition. Furniture Ware-
Boom on r art street, opposite uiue'i t notour p:i
Gallery. Vorfc-shop az the old stand on Ilotel
Street, near Fort. Order! from tha other
41) Island! promptly attended to. flyS
BOOT AND SHOE MATTER,
41 King Strett. next to the Bethel, Ilonolnln. Py5
31. X. DOIVELL,
CABINET waiter AND UPHOLSTERER,
Kins' Street. Honolulu, fronoslte Lewis Cooper Shop.
41 Will buy and sell second-hand Fnmltnre. fly5
Jons T1BBETS. THOS. SOBEXSOX.
TIBBETS Sc SOHESXO.V
SHIP CAEPESTEBS & OAULZEES
At 1 Foster SCo's Old Stand,
Near the Ilonolnln Iron Wort.
XHEO. II. IAVIES,
Lire Juno, Oust A Co.
IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT,
axn AGtXt toe
Lloyd1! and the Liverpool Underwriter.
British and Foreign Slarfne Insurance Co., and
.Northern Assurance Company. 3-ly4
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
In FaeblcnaLle Clothlnc, Hats. Caps, Hoots, Shoes,
and ererrvarietr of Gentlemen's Furnish inz Goods.
Snow's Bufldlng, Merchant Street, Honolulu. 50-ly5
1. S. WALKER. 8. C. AXLEX.
WALKEK Sc JkXIVEJf,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
18 Qneea Street, Honolulu, H. I. Iy4
. I. JL. TOKBEUT,
DEALER IN LUMBER AND EVERT KIND
OF BUILDING MATERIAL.
13 Omci Corner Qneen and Fort street. Iy4
BOLLES &. CO.,
SHIP CHANDLERS AND COMMISSION
Queen Street, Honolulu. Particular attention paid
to me puicnase ana taie 01 Hawaiian iToance.
K7-JIK3 bt rransExox ro
CLBIchardsaOo, I U Hacfcfeld a Co,
C Brewer a Co. lOL Richards a Co.
DC Waterman leg, Castle t Cooke. P-lyl
IMPORTER & DEALER IN BOOTS, SHOES,
And Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, corner of Fort
ana jiercnant streets, uonoiuiu. v-iy
GEOCEE AND SHIP CHAOTIEE,
Money and Recruits furnished to Ships on the most
luj xatoraoie terms. jiy
Commission Merchant and General Agent,
Importer of Teas and other Chinese and Foreign
Good!, Wholesale Dealer In Ilawailan Produce, and
Agent for the Faukaa and JLmannln Sugar Planta
tions. Fire-proof Store on Xuuanu Street, below
AFOG Sc ACHVCK.
Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers
In General Merchandise and China Ooods, in the
Fire-proof Store on Nnuanu Street, tinder the Public
GEORGE G. HOWE,
Dealer in Redwood and Northwest Lnmber,
CLI 1 T . c . .1. ... tti-j X-.C1. T1 I - .
3CJ at hia old stand on the Esplanade. pjl
F. A. SCHAEFER Sc CO.,
38 Honolnln, Oth 0. H. L, ly4
ED. HOFESCHLAEGEE & CO.,
IMPORTERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
41 Honolulu, Oahu, H. i ly4
THEODORE C. HEtCC,
IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT.
W Honolulu. Oahn. H. J. py
II. HACKFELD & CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENTS.
8-1 Qneen Street, Honolulu, H. I. ly
THE TOM 3I00EE TAVEEH",
e by j. o'iviELi,,
Si) Comer of King and Fort Street. Iy4
CHAUTNCEV C. BE3THEXX,
DEALER IN NEWSPAPERS, MAGAZINES,
JLiaJEerfadlcal. Fort Street, Honolulu. 19-ly4
B. T.XBLX&i. A. JAIOEE,
B. F. EBXERS Sc CO.,
DEALERS IN DRT GOODS AND GENERAL
Fire-proof Store on Fort Street, abore Odd Fellows'
' A. S. CIVEGHOKIV,
-WHOLESALE ANB RETAIL DEALER IN
Fire-Proof Store, corner of Queen and Kaahumanu
Street, HonolaJo.' Retail Establishment on Kucanu
r- r. acaxs. s. c.wiloie.
ADAMS Sc WILDER,
AUCTION 4 COMMISSION MERCHANTS
27 Qaeen Street, Honolulu, H. L. Py4
a SC. S. BARTOW,
OMa'an ftueeu StrMt m, Annr:frtm Ksaitm.
maun Streat. 17-lj4
JOHN M. PATV,
Notary PsiSo sad Cemsiissioser of Deeds
For the State of CaiUorala- 09m at the Bank of
Biahop a Cw Ksatinmsnn Street, Honolnln, 3-lj4
H. A. VIBEXAflV,
H.OTAR Y PUBLIC,
8 sVe at the Interior Bepartment. pTi
jr. P. HUGHES,
IXP88TS8 AND ' MANUFAtJTeTEER
Of a toeH aflliWii '.CarfWe trlamlec don
srtth naaaaaa aad topltnh AUof4anBrot-r
ly HteaV4 to. lw if Fort aad Motel
Strata, SmisUIk. ' ly4
shxuax rrcc h. a. f. caxtz.
C. BREWER .Sz CO.,
HOXOLUI.II, II. I.
AGE.VTS Or the Boston and Honolulu
AGEXTS For the aiakee, IValluku and
AG EXT:- For the Purtltaae and Sale or
Island Prodnce. S-ly4
31. S. GRUVBAU3I Sc CO.,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Fashionable Clothing. Hats, Caps, Boot. Shoes,
and erery variety of Gentlemen's superior Furnish
ing Goods. Store in Matte's Slock, Queen Street,
Honolulu, IL L 10-ly4
E. S. FIiAGG,
CIVIL ENGINEER AND SURVEYOR,
Arouss Post-Offlca Box Xo. 22, Honolnln. 23-6m
F. A. SCHAEFER,
AGEXT for the BltESIEX BOARD
of USDEB WRITERS.
Agent for the Dresden Board of Underwriters,
Agent for the Vienna Board of Underwriters.
G. W. IVORTOX, ,
COOPEE AND GAITGEE,
At the Kev Stand on tie Esplanade.
He U prepared to attend to all work, in lili line
at the Shop next to the Custom Uonse, where he can.
be found at all working hours. He has on hand
and for sale. Oil Caalu and Barrolt of different ilzes,
new and old, which he will sell at the rerj Lowest
Market Kttes. All work J one in a ihoroash manner
and warrnti to gire satisfaction. AU kind of
Coopering JIatcrials and Tool for sale. l-3m
TUT, ZINC AUD COPPER SMITHS,
AND SHEET IRON WOBKEES,
Knuann Street, between Herchant & Queen.
Ilare cooitantlr on hand. Stores, Pipe, Gal
ranlxeX Iron Fine, Halo and Hose Bibb.
r-STy Stop-cock, India Itcbber Hose beat iJ-ply,
m ienpm or ana do reet, witn coapungs
and Trirx? comnlete. Batb-Tnbs. and also a
Tery large ttock of Tinware of every description.
rarticuUr attention giren to Ship-Work. Orders
from the other Islands will be carefully attended to.
Tbankfol to the Citizens of Honolnln and the
Islands generally for their liberal patronage In the
past, we hope by strict attention to business to merit
the some for the future. 27-1 j 5
j. ii. xatojipsoiv,
Queen Street, Honolulu,
Has constantly on hand and for tle at the Lowest
Market Prices, a ood assortment of the Best Refined
Bar Iron, and the Best Blacte truth's Coal. SS-lj5
CEATEE OF EEL A (IE A, HAWAII.
PHS THIS ESTABLISHMENT IS 3
wfii now open for the inception of risitors to 2Cf
the Volcaao Ilonse, who may rely on finding com
fortable rooms, a good table, and prompt attendance.
Experienced guides for the Crater always on band.
STEAM AND SULPHITE BATHS !
Horses Grained and Stabled if Desired.
Parties visiting the Tolcano ria nilo, can procure
animals warranted to make the journey, by D. II.
IIitchcoce, Esq. 37-Iy5
PIANOS and other Musical
Instruments Tuned and Bep&lred. br
IUUA1.L.U) AJtaiUi, at tne Hawaiian
Ztessona given on the Flano & Gnftar
The best of references giren. 51-lj4
HOUSE AITD SHIP PLUMBER,
King St, two doors west of Castle & Coolce's.
Has on hand, Bath-Tub, IVater-Closets, Wash-Ba-stns,
Farce and Lift Pumps, Lead and Galvanized
Iron Pipes, and number's Brass-works. Being the
only Plumber In the city, he will execute all orders en
trusted to him in a workmanlike manner. 1-Cm
JXO. jtott. sah'l kott,
JOHN IVOTT & CO.,
COPPEE .AND TIN SMITHS,
Eaahnmann St, one door alove Flitners,
Beg leave to Inform the public that they are pre
pared to inrnisn ail Einos oi uopper or a, suca ai
Stills. Strike Pans, Sorghum Pans, Worms, Pumps,
furnish all kinds of Copper ITork,
etc Also on band, a foil assortment of Tin Ware,
which we offer for sale at the Lowest Market Prices.
All kinds of Reimirinff done with Aeatness and
Di patch. Orders from the other Islands will meet
with prompt attention. I-3m
JA3XES JLu I.EAVIS,
COOPER AND GATTGEE,
At the Old Stand, corner Zing & Bethel Sts.
A Larre Stock of Oil Shook and all kinds of Coop
ering Materials constantly on hand. He hopes by
attention to business to merit a continuance of the
patronage which he has heretofore enjoyed, aud for
wnicn ne now returns xus inansa. x-nm
jra. jr. costa,
JEWELER AND ENGRAVER,
Fort Street opposite Odd Fellows' Hall.
Is pre pared to execute with promptness, all work In
his line of business, such as Watch and Clock repair
iog. Manufacturing Jewelry andEngravlng. l-3m
LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT,
Office on Janes Bobinson & Co's Woarf.
Continues the business on bis old rlan of settlinsr
wiinofiicersana seamen immeaiateiy on weir snip
ping at mi omoa. waving no direct or indirect con
nection with anr outfit tine establishment, and allow
ing no debts to be collected In' his office, he hopes to
give as good satisfaction in tha future as he has in
tne past. i-am
AT THE PHOTOQEAPH GALLERY
On Fort Street,
MAT BE SEEN THE VIEWS taken
of the Lite
LaTa Flow at Eahslcu,
And the Effects of the Late
Earthquake at "Waioliinu, Kan.
Yiftiri nf Sil&nea and other places. Also Cards
of the Klnrs, Queens. Chiefs, etc, all for sale at low
prices. Also, Oral and Sonar, frames of all sixes,
vhkh trill be sold cheap.
DICKSON Sc BOLSTER,
House, Sign & Ship Painters,
JUng Street, near Nnnann,
HAVING FORMED A CO-PAET-
nerstip for earrrise on tha Pain tine
Unses, reipectfullj lolieit the public pat
ronage. Thejswill endearor, bj strict and
punctual attention to butineji, t6 merit the
ettoem and eondesce of their friends and the
Graininz. Maxbline. Gildine. Calsomininir.
Piper-Hanging,. &c, Ac, eieeuted on the
shotteet notice and on the most reasonable
TDKST KSGLISH BoUed Paint
- For sale bj
BOLLES a CO.
BEST FAXTLY PORK,
. OerlOLAVL In t and V barrels, foraala
fcjr J 'u- (l-3ai) BOLLES k CO.
nOXE8 EASTKRS CODFISH,
JL -perlOLASL .fofaalar.
B. jr. SZTHLAXCZ. C X. CXABX.
SEVEEAHCE, C1AEK & CO.,
AND SHIPPING AGENTS,
405 front St, comer of Clay, San Erancisco.
We will attend to the sale of Sucar and all hinds
of Island Produce, also to the purchasing and for-
waroing oi jicrcnanqtse. uasn Aarance. maoe on
j. c xmni,
M'CEAKEN, MEEEHI & CO.,
Haiing been engaged In our present bnslness for
upwards of twelre years, and being located In a Fire
proof Brick Building, we are prepared to recelre and
dispose nf Island Staples, such as Sugar. Syrups, Rice,
Pnlu, Coffee, etc, to advantage. Consignments es
pecially toiKiiea I or toe uregon JiarKet, en wmcn
perranal attention will be paid, and upon which cash
aurances will be made wnen required.
Charles TT Brook San Francisco
J C Merrill Co "
Badger k Lindenberger
James Patrick a Co
TTm T Coleman a Co "
Stevens, Baker a Co
Allen a Lewis Portland
Leonard a Green l-ly4
E. 31. TAX REEI,
Hftvinc the best facilities throucb an intimate con
nection with the Japanese trade for the past eight
to his care, with dispatch.
years, is preparen 10 transact any business entrusted
WILLIAMS. BLANCHAED & CO..
SHIPPING & COMMISSION HEBCHAHTS,
31 305 Front Street, San Francisco. Cm
LANGLEY, CEOWELL & CO.,
12 Cor. Battery & Clay Sts, San Francisco. 6m
B0AE.D OF TJNPESWBITESS.
fsnilB TJIVDEnSIGXED ha vine been
JL anDointed Arrents for the San Francisco Board
or underwriters, comprising toe
Call Tor tt la Insurance Company,
3Icrchanta SIntual Marine Ins. Co.,
Pacific Insurance Company,
California Uoyd', and
Home Mntnal Insurance Company.
Beg leare to Inform Masters of Vessels and the Pub
lic generally, that all Vessels and Cargoes, Insured
by either Of the above Companies against perils of
tne seas and oiner nsas, at or near tne fandwicb
islands, win nave to be Termed by them.
nnilK UNDERSIGNED, AGENTS of
JL. toe aDore uompaoy, nare Dren autborlxed to
Insure risks on Cariro. Frcltrht and Trees.
ure, by Con St en, Irom Honolulu to all ports of
xue iiawauan uronp, ana nee rersa.
O-IJi 11. llAUHrLD CO.
MAEINE INSURANCE COMPANY
Or San Francisco
THE UNDERSIGNED having been
appointed Agents for the above Company .are
prepared to Issue Policies on Cargoes Fre lcrlits
WALKER A ALLEN,
FIEE HfSUEANCE COMPANY.
milE UXDEIISIGXED llavlnir been
-K. appointed Agents of the abore Company, are
prepared to Insure risks against Fire, on Stone and
Airicic Aiuuuiniji, ana on juercnandlee
stored therein, on ttie most farorable terms. For
particulars apply at the office of
Hjl F. A. SCIIAEFEU & CC.
THE AGEXT FOR THE BRITISH
Foreien Marine Insurance Gomoanr. flSmlt.
ed), has receired instructions to reduce the rates of
Insurance between Honolulu and Ports in the Pacific,
and is now prepared to issue Policies 'at the Lowit
Roltiy with a special reduction on Freight per Steam
ers. TllEO. H. DAVIFS,
43-tf Jgent Brit. for. liar. Int. Cb. (Limited).
SUGAIt & MOLASSES.
mxo, nr. i.
Sngar and Molasses.
CROP COMING IN AND FOR SALE IN
quantities to suit purchasers, by
WALKER & ALLEN,
Snsntr- and molasses Crop 1868
COMING IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTI
ties to suit purchasers, by
WALKER A ALLEN,
Supir and Molasses Crop 18Ss
COMING IN, ?0R SALE IN QITANTI
ties to suit purchasers, by
WALKER A ALLEN,
I -3m Agents.
NEW CROP NOW COMING IN. FOR
Sale in quantities to suit purchasers.
C. BREWER A CO.,
IVctt Crop of SHgar ArSfolasses
"VTOW COMING IN, AND FOR SALE IN
Jji quantities to suit purchasers bj
C. BREWER A, CO.,
rjIP.OM KAALAEA AND LAlE PLANTA
J2 TIONS, now coming is and for sale by
THB&. S. DAVIBg,
SPIRITS OF TSXFJMrTIXK.
Foraal.br ? "
A 00. .
A Toyae to the FlJUs.
Written f-r the Gazette.
About sis o'clock the next morning
after the arrival of the brig at Mali, I
Trent on board and explained the state of
affairs to the Captain. "After hearing me
through, he at once decided to break np
the station, and go farther down the coast
to a place called Mbua, adjacent to which
were extensive reefs, likely to abound with
the coveted fish. Orders were immediate
ly given to bring the trade chests and
other valuables on board, and to fire the
houses. Before this was done, Kui Mali
came alongside in his doable canoe, with a
present of pigs, fish and fruits. Observing
the preparations we wer4 making to leave
his place, be appeared 'to be greatly sur
prised, and inquired of the Captain the
reason of our abandonment of the fishery.
In answer he was told that he and his peo
ple were bad Fijiimen, and the Captain
could not with safety leave his men among
them. At this, the old chief expressed
very much astonishment, and said it was
"Ndua na vosa kaisi" the Btory comes
from a slave that the information must
have been given by one of the lowest class,
and adding that it was a pure fabrication,
If we would only continue our fishing at
Mali, he would promise, and swear by all
the manes of his fathers, that within one
month the brig shonld have all the ndree
she wanted. But our Captain was not to
be moved from his purpose. While the
old chief was sitting crossed-legged on the
companion-way, thus beseeching, his fol
lowers were alongside in his canoe, not al
lowed to come on board, but content with
looking up at, and admiring the "wonga
levu" big canoe. By this time, every
thing having been got on board from the
trade-house, the anchor hove short and the
sails loosed, one of our guns a nine-pound
er was fired, as a signal to the party who
were yet on shore, to set fire to the houses,
Either by accident or purposely probably
the latter on the part of the second mate,
the gun that was fired, was just over the
canoe of the Mali chief, whose men had
been expressing to each other their aaton
ishment and admiration at the appearance
of the "nantikai venna" big gun. Their
astonishment was a good deal increased,
and turned into a terrible fright, as the
gun thundered out and belched forth smoke
and flame right over their heads. They
Btood not upon the order of tbeirgoing, but
went at once overboard and dived be
neath the surface, while the captain had
considerable difficulty in preventing the
old chief from jumping off the taffrail after
his scared followers. It was only by as
suring him that there was no shot in the
gun, and that the firing of it did not mean
war, that the chief and his people ventured
back to the canoe, but they paddled hastily
away for the shore, while we sheeted home
the topsails, lifted the anchor and bore
away, the blazing bidieAe-mar and trade-
house on shore composed as they were,
of very dry materials sending forth their
flames heavenward, as high as the tall co-
coanut trees. This was our good-by to
Mali, where I had so narrowly escaped
Oar next station was at Mbua Bay, the
chief of which, like all chiefs on this coast,
was tributary to Mbau. He was, however,
a feeble old man, and owing to an affliction
of elephantasis in one of his legs, which
was swollen to three times its natural size,
he could not indulge in the luxury of war,
nor could be fish for ndree. But his son,
a fine looking, open countenanced fellow
of about thirty, transacted all the business,
and personally superintended the fishing.
We lay at this place a noble bay, suf
ficiently copacions to anchor five hundred
6hips for two months, and were very sue
cessful in fishing. We obtained a great
many of the larger sort of btJie-le-mer,
which are found only in deep water six or
eight fathoms and are known by the na
tives as "ndree ndam" red ndree. They
are very large, sometimes being found three
feet in length, and resemble, in appearance,
a huge caterpillar, when first taken out of
the water. They are considered, by the
Chinese, as more valuable than the com
mon black sort, and bring a few dollars
more, per picul, in Manila. The young
chief, who was very industrious and ener
getic in fishing for as, lost his life one day
in diving for this kind of fish. He wa3
diving in seven fathoms of water, and had
brought up several of the valued fish, when,
making his third dive, it proved to be his
last. A monster shark, which had lain
hidden in one of the holes of the coral
reef, pounced upon the poor fellow, and
swallowed him in plain view of his people,
who sat helplessly in the canoe. Ee tam
ing to the shore with the distressing news,
they informed the captain, as, they passed
the brig, and then mournfully paddled
away. The Fijiiawn do not wail over a
death, in the style of the Hawaiians. bat
sit in sitesee, asd, with the exception of
the women, sever shed tears, as they con
sider it BBBsftaly; pot Belike, in this re
spect, the chftracterfetic traits of theKorth
Ameseaa Iadwnsv The h erase of tha ob
fortenate yeBg chief was sitaa-ted near by
sir trade honsc, asd the old chief, the
father, hnhhKng by where I was sitting.
invited me to go with him and witness
ceremony that was about to performed, in
accordance with ancient custom. I went
with him, and a strange and terrible scene
awaited me. By the customs of i the Fi-
jiians somewhat resembling those
the Hindoos when a man of rank dies,
the widow of the deceased must be, at
once, or soon after the death of her hus
band, made to follow him to the spirit-
land. When I got into the barn-like rest
dence of the shark-eaten chief, I saw the
young wife, dressed out with wreaths on
her head a pretty, light-colored, half-Ton
gese woman, apparently about seventeen
years of age sitting in she centre of a cir
cle of old women. A few words from the
old father of the deceased, and then a long
strip of white tapa was produced, one tnrn
passed around the neck of the young
widow, when, after some muttered prayers
by the priest, a general clapping of hands
by all present, and exclamations of "Tina-
kal sa vinakal nadina lei!" "good, it is
good, very true" three old women, on
either side of the girl, seized hold of the
tapa and pulled. In a moment or two,
with scarcely a struggle, her head fell over,
and she was dead. I was horrified. The
glazed eyes and the protruding tongue I
But she was perfectly unresisting and ap
parently consenting. The Filii belief is,
that when a high chfef dies, his spirit will
wander discontentedly, unless his marama
head of the harem accompanies him,
A few days after the above occurrence,
I took a walk in the woods, and, beneath a
spreading yi tree, near the old chiefs house,
I saw two minature houses, about tbreo
by two, built in the native style, and the
ridge-poles ornamented with little white
shells, fastened on with sinet. On my in
quiring of France who was my compan
ionthe meaning of these toy-looking af
fairs, he informed me very gravely, that
they were "a vale na kalu" houses of the
spirits. In these, the spirits of the shark-
eaten young chief and his strangled wife,
were supposed to reside. The reason why
there were two houses was, that according
to their customs, the wife of a chief never
sleeps in her husband's house, but has a
separate establishment of her own.
Only a day or two elapsed after the death
of the young chief of Mbua, when fishing
was resumed, and by this time, we had ac
cumulated about a thousand picnls of biche
l&mer, worth in Manila, from twenty-five
to -thirty thousand dollars. Besides, we
had two or three tons of tortoise-shell, worth
a handsome amount not to particularly
mention the curios, Bach as sea-shells,
warrior-clubs, spears, and bows and arrows.
But our fishing on this coast was brought
to an abrupt termination on the third of
July. On that morning, a fleet of twelve
canoes from Raberabe, under the leader
ship of the chief of that town, and tho
brother of the hostage we had on board,
came down upon the poor people who were
on the reef, picking np ndree. These they
stampeded, some wounded with the spears
that were thrown at them, more scared
almost, by the report of the two or three
muskets which were fired at them but
which, in the hands of a Fijiiman.aro more
likely to injure the party firing, than the
one fired at and one poor woman was
killed. Her body they secured, and enter
ing the bay, anchored near the shore, about
a hundred yards from where the brig lay.
There must have been about five hundred
men in these canoes, and they were evi
dently bent on mischief. Jealousy was the
cause. The chief of Baberabe bad heard
that the people with whom we were tra
ding bad accumulated a great deal of trade,
in the shape of muskets and powder. This,
however, was not the case, for the people
of Mbua were not inclined to warlike pur
suits, and the most of their trading was
for cloth, axes, knives, etc
The new-comers were very saucy, firing
off their muskets, brandishing their clubs,
shouting and dancing on the decks of their
canoes. Seeing the condition of affairs,
the captain immediately concluded to aban
don the station. The next day, July 4th.
the colors were displayed on the brig, and
a salute of thirteen guns fired, in honor of
the day, while the bicJte-U-mer and trade-
houses on shore were burning. As I and
James Cusick, a son-in-law of David Wbip-
pey and who was my assistant at tha
trading-station at Mbua were returning
in the boat to tha brig, a fast single canoe,
with about thirty natives in it of tha
Baberabe war party came paddling after
us, and coming np close alongside of oar
boat, grinning hideously, and using tha
most offensive and thfeateeieg- IacgtjRge.
One fellow, who sat on tha pktfona of the
conoa, ie(d np what was. plainly tha arm
of a human being probably that of tha
woman who was killed on the reef the day
before shouted to us, as ha knawed away
at it, '-vinaka, Tinaka" -good, good. Ca
sick, who was steering the boat, said to Bte,
pick np a raosket, and pretead to be ex
amining the lock." I did so, awT "tha oa-
Boe at once sheered off. Their istoatiog,
(loabtlees, was to cat off frost the brig,
for almost at the sasse, mosaeat that the
casee overtook as, the breiherof the eaief
of Bbefabe, who was oar so eaBod "fcoet
age" on boerf.ma forward pat oa tba bow
serit, down on to the martiagale staff, sad
would have jumped overboard, but for die
determined condoei ami appearance of one
of the seamen, who pointed a musket at
him asd beckoned him to return. Had be
succeeded then in making his escape, there
is no donbt but they- would have aiteapt-
ed, and doubtless succeeded in taking the
brig, and none of oa "kal papakngis"
would have been left to tell the tale.
It was late in the day when we the
shore party got on board, and too late .to
get underweigh. Bat all that night, we
were on the watch, our boarding nettiags
triced np, lanterns illuminatlog the deck
and rigging, fore and aft, and men station
ed in the tops with muskets, while others
guarded the bulwarks with boarding-pikes.
It was an anxious and sleepless night with
us, and equally sleepless with the savages,
for they had managed to kill another of the
Mbua people this time, a man and they
were roasting the body within plain sight
of the brigi largo fires were kindled,
around which, they danced and yelled in
savage fury or delight, it may bo. These
horrid orgies lasted all night. Meantime,
for safety, the "hostage" was kept locked
up in the steerage, for should he escape,
the cannibals would have at once attacked
us, although, in spite of their numbers, wo.
might, possibly, have repulsed them with
But wo got underweigh next morning,
with the land breeze, and sailed back to
Muthuata, where we anchored, to await the
return of one of our trading-boats, which
had gone to the extreme western end, of
Vanua Lovu trading for tortoise-shell.
We lay there for a week, when one day
we saw a canoe passing along towards
Baberabe, and through a spy-glass, we
could perceive a white man lying on tho
deck, bound with ropes. That evening,
we received a message from the chief of
Baberabe, stating that oar boat had been
cutoff by the "bod fellows" at the place
where she was laying at anchor, and that
he had "Harry" with him, tho other men
in the boat having been killed and eaten.
He would deliver np Harry, on the pay
ment of a ransom of a musket and a keg
of powder. That night, the mate started
off with a boat's-crew, and returned about
midnight, with Harry, who was pretty well
exhausted, from his confinement and ex
citement. We nil knew that the "bad fellows"
were the chief of Eabcrabe's own party.
However, the musket and keg of powder
were sent, and wo sailed away for Liboaka.
(To be continued.)
BIRDS v. INSECTS.
The following Is a short extract from a
new work, entitled; "A Plea for Birds" by
the Rev. Tcmbcrton Bartlett, recently pub
lished under the direction of the Comlttee of
General Literature and Education, appointed
by the Society for Promoting Christian
Knowledge. Although written with refer
ence to another climate than ours, yet It con
tains valuable bints sppliable Just as well to
our Isles, where birds are scarce whilst their
merciless enemies are numerous.
Birds arc friends sod not enemies to aerl
culture. Their 'destruction Is not wise but
foolish tho farmer and gardener in the end
loose by It Mudle well remarks on this
point: "The uses of birds, not merely In
wild nature bat In conjunction with man. as
he cultivates the garden and the Held, are
wortnv or Deine ooservea ana aamirea. we.
in onr iimorance. often rezard them as nests.
ana as sucn destroy mem in tne most assiau
ods manner, deeming' every feathered crea
ture wmcn we deprive or ure as so mucn
certainly added to the produce of our horti
culture and our farming; but we little know,
while we are acting thus, that weareeacrf.
Seine the guardians of onr vegetable wealth.
and giving protection and scope to Its des
troyers. Anc wnoic ui uaiurc is repienisaeu
with the eerms of small life In a condition
ready to be developed the Instant (he state of
neat ana moisture accoras wuu meir aerei
opement. A means of preventing their ex
traordinary Increase, mora efficient than any
human contrivance, Is therefore absolutely
rcanisite. In order to d reserve that relative
balance which Is essential for the system of
"Evervbnd. evenr crertce in bark, verr
manV roots, all the pools and slow streams.
and sll animal and vegetable matters In a state
of decay, are full of the rudiments ofsmall ani
mals in some state' or other: and these rudi
ments are awakened so easily, and by causes
so little open to common observation, that if
there were not some counteracting power,
ourgardeoers might, In the course of a single
season, be left without a blossom, our forests
without a leaf, and bur fields without a blade
of grass, a spike ot corn, or an esculent root.
If (Lis once took place vegetation would be
gone, save the poisonous fungi which might
be nourished by the remains of the destroy
ers. Hence the incalculable advantage of
birds. Almost all birds feed on Insects, raol-
luscons animal, such as snails and slsft,
and worms, though many have recourse to
other food at certain seasons; but even then
birds which feed upon feed ire of service,
and the flocks whfch throng the cornfields
and pastures during; Winter pick up the
seeds of the various plants which, If allowed
to remain, -would "spring np the following
season aad choke the more valaable crop."
It la well and truly W by the Editor ef
the Cottaoe Gardener t UeHokarv. that birds
ore benesaetors as well a iBjarers to the gar-
oener. iiiey oeetroy minion ot grsD, cat
erpillars. and apbldeevwhlch would have rav
aged hi crops; bat at the same tlase, sosae
commit havoc on hi) fruit aad seed. The
wisest course, coesamentlr. ts to scare then
frata the garden at taea times, orfroea the
portions of it from which tbey can bepre
tsHHcLa. bat to leave t&em in iMt ft mhba.
lesUd whenever aad wherever tbeyeaaBot
be mischievous. Thus, In early spring, a
boy win drive them away darisfr tstenme
the had of tee gooseberry, currant sad ptasa
are epeo to their attacks, and savin daring
the tigte the eharriea ata ftna. To keavtiMsa
from the frait of late ransebsiilt or ear-
rant, it is saffldent to lateriaee tMetJr the
bath with red wonted. T xef the
MOB atUcMaar cat aad other
Jat am era-ins; root the soil, a similar trarptay
h "m cotton (tr tereaa, auieisaa ipnas PBtl
aboat six laches froja the Mtfest, is saHcl
eatiy tteteniae;. Met, where artdkaMa, ata1:
sieo aaad KSaardiaa. By Umm sssts, kit
"1Tsny By waioMsar aanaar tartaw sasv
seay (k prima sar jMetettJalMslfSasjs
kriary at a very trtaw expew., wJtMaV
prWat-hlBissff of tha services
n-!atest, mol aawcafyJag;
snesassrai as, aw las in auteis.
lag obserratfoaa are mot, dad ia M sajnt
vray's SritUk JMs, aad they prove list a
vaetnetaber of hweeta aad eataraOIsaa are
destroyed by ayatr tsf Mtde dattaf fta thaw
or feeding their yoaor. Ahntwa batttef
fir boactK, In which tM obsarv, Jfr. Weir,
hM hknmtf, 9 feet front ts neat at a tssraah,
which was kam n aa oa wan. ais-s
ter-oast one o'esaek. ba Immb 1
tloas. Athalf aaaitwo thay baaaa to
MMlr-nwasr. from that tiate ttti mar '
they M that., 14 stoat; from fear to ast
pest five o'etoek, at Unas; froas hast-pett
Hre in saves o'clock. J4 tlaaea: freai asm
to eight o'clock, 18 Usaee; front eight ta alae
o'clock, 11 times; from tea to c4ara e'eteek,
10 times; from oa to two o'deek, lLUsaea;
from two to three o'clock, 3 tlsase; treat
three to four o'clock, 6 times; frees ssmtt
to eight o'clock, 18 Uanee, aad from esfht to
half-past nlac, IT tinea. Tbey taa eseeud
from their labors far tha day, bavhsg fed
their young 306 time.
He made a like obeervatloB oa a pais-of
black-blrde. Thev beeaa to Used thsir aeaar
at a quarter-peat three o'etoek, aad tV eoa-
tlnued leeeriDg taeea aain twenty awaaawa
before nine o'clock: Daring that tkaa, the
male fed the TOUa oee 44 Uaee. asxl tte
female 69 times.
Ills' next observation was on a pair or alae
tlt-mlce. which began to feed their htaod at
half-past three In the morning The nasaber
of yonng Ones was six. Tbey left o feeeHa;
about half-past eight o'clock, hevlee; beea
engaged almost incessantly for nearly seven
teen hours, after hating fed their yaaef 4W
times. They appeared to feed thessi soWy
with caterpillars. Sometimes they bteagiit
a single one, at other times two or three taaal
ones. It is Impossible to calculate how aaaay
had been carried In by them daring the day.
These well-authenticated observation
prove what an incredible number of bartfal
creatures are destroyed by bird not strictly
insectivorous, and will, wo tnutj opea tha
eyes of those who still doubt the bamesee
good done by them.
The birds which eat Insects, bat do aet
cat fruits or seed, are the golden-crested
wren, which Is the smallest of all the- birds
In Europe, the willow wren, the cblf)csT
the wood warbler, the nightingale, the w la
chat, the stonccbst, tbo wheatear, the wag
tails, the tree pipit, the meadow pipit, the
flycatcher, the cuckoo, the night jar, the
hedire warbler, the boMktlt. the tree creeper.
tbo wryneck, and all the swallow tribe.
The wagtails are useful birds a feeders ca
Insects, bat particularly midges, gnats, and
other flies that tease cattle. Tbey follow the
spade or plow, to feed upon the grabs turned
up, and (n this way destroy myrkd ot wire-
worms, ana otner destructive creatures.
The nlshtlneale' does ereat service to Use
cultivator by destroying nambers of caterpil
lars and grabs, as well as the moths, batter
flies, and beetles from which they are pro
duced, and yet bow great Is the dest-rac-tloa
of these "first messengers of spring" by
There Is a law In Prussia which, we should
do well to adopt in this country. With a
view to prevent tne diminution oi tae nigra
lngalcs in their natural stato of liberty, it I
there decreed that every person wbo keeps a
nightingale in cage shall par an anuil tax of
ten thalers (forty francs,) end that any persoa
putting a nightingale in a cage without
giving information, to the police, shall be
fined ninety thalers.
"Anil now the nlthtlngal. -with warbling lay.
Full sweetly halls the erenlnc's loved return ;
That heart whom this soft mnsle cannot mote,
Is deaf to pity, and is dead to lore."
The iuscct-eatlne birds which eat 1 fruit
and seed also may be classed as followt: the
hedge sparrow or dnonocE, tne common
wren, the robin, the redstart, the tomtit, the
cole tit, the marsh tit, and tho bine tit.
The weeds and the Insects which these birds
destroy, however, more than compensate for
the small quantity of grain, flower seeds', or
fruit which tbey occasionally pilfer.
Among fruit-eating bird which also feed
on Insects we may Include the black cap, tha
garden warbler, white-throat, mistletoe
thrush, song thrush, blackbird, and starling.
Tbe following birds live chiefly on graia
and the seeds of weeds: tbe goldfinch, tha
bullfinch, the chaffinch, tbe linnet, tbe corn
bunting, the yellow hammer, tho reed ban
ting, the bunting, tbe bratnbllng, and the
Among tbe bltds that are most useful, as
grub and insect destroyers, may also be reck
oned all tbe plover tribe, tbe Skylark and
wheatear. The peewit Is of the greatest nse
to the agriculturist. Even farmers, who
fancy every kind of bird their enemies, will
allow that neewlts do their fallow lands
reat good by the number of Insect tbey
BEttAjtZLaBLT LZCTUBX BT A BsjBjmt
In a lecture In the English language, deliv
ered by a learned Brahmin before a literary
society in Benares, composed largely ot Hin
dus of high caste and of social position, are
tbe following remarkable statements: "Then
we come to the Aneean stables' of our reli
gion, the neter-falliDg source of all our
misery, of all oar demoralization, of alt our
deterioration : In short, of ocr rain and fall.
We can not blame our ancestors fnr baHdlag
such a sytem of theology for a; bat a la
teiligent and rational beings, It behove u
to exaralno whether our present religiose
Ideas are consonant with reason, aad whether
tbey are calculated to give us happiness both
here and hereafter. Is It not the greotest
insult wo can offer to the Almighty by repfSr
sent Him f We lie, we steal, we deceire,
and early In tbe morning we bathe la tbe
Ganges, whose filthy waters wsls .away oar
slat, and then worship oar htot. who pardon
us. Preposterous asd absurd! There can
not be a more conceivable folly- than thhC
Pnrlty of persbaal character is nothing to
many of ns; the Ganges aad our idol help
n to Heaven I AH this nonsense 1 the freit
of tbe eedleea aad saaeratKloaa priestcraft
under which we groan'
Wowtwasor a Cat's .Foot. I'!t. there
are little cushion, oa the bottom, a soft aad
pliable a rubber: these enable her to move
aboat without bene;' beard. Tbea tae eat
requires sharp claws to catch aad bcM tha
mouse witn, ssa to enatxe tier to cBaw Bp
tree wbea chased by the dog. Utaeaewere
exposed. Ilka the claw of a &or. shar weM
sooa beeosae blant sad nedes for tfesa par
poses; hat by aa tageoloa arrajsjsjseat, tbe
cat can do what the dor canaot dtaw thm
np Into her leet, asd keep tbesa there till
they are wasted for aae.
Gea. gateser' declare that tha .units. mat
of eat ploylasr feasatsa a darks is tsae acne of
tae i reatarer oi lae uanee
a eotBpWe saeees. Indeed, (g rrsaty htede
oi osaea www, swew a
currency aad deteetiasr couiKsrlssas, bese
garde them as arelbiaMe to Stsfc cJarksL
hum of ttw fi pi ill r datasj won -tasskassd
better work for HO par ssmsi tsasa asur
male clerk wae rseatre aoM tha asisst.
He advocates that tbe nr of clawt asf beak
sexe for like respoassMlitta shawst he as
i , , n r
arirns' Last Woeras. ' 1 asm hmt
experkaead what fat ceiled athaagaesfhaas;
cannot, aa I sat, osisat; asyaasi ta ssstr snsaa.
earn bat treats sir wtB h wast wfttV
aay hnsteat seal, tsjas, oa
H daty by IU Mtow
tMtked or dodHafi It
eaaaot hate tUBaac
and a happier life tar
fiaarsm Hot Ihirar, A
padty, whack taary aew fcsirhw.
sa wBott-ha srias
naraisa eanar aronst
aS of as."
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