Newspaper Page Text
j. jioit smith.
Director of the Government Press.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 7, 18C9.
Notice is hereby given, that in accordance
with section M of an Act entitled "An Act
to regulate the sale of deadly Poisons," ap
proved the 22d day of Jnne, a. D. 1SC3, the
following emblematic devices are approved by
the Minister of the Interior,
and all persons are desired to take due notice
F. W. IICTCHlfcOX,
Minister of the Interior.
Home Office. April Sth, IMS.
The following is the Law referred to in the
Sec. 1. No person shall sell or deliver any
deadly poison, except for scientific, medicinal
or mechanical purposes, nor to any person not
known to the vendor to be careful and well
disposed ; provided, that sales may be made
to a person not known to the vendor, if some
responsible person known to the vendor will
certify, in writing, mat pcr3on desiring to
purchase mav safely be entrusted with the
same ; but in all cases the vendor shall re
quire the purchase to disclose trie intended
use of such poison.
Sec. 2. Every person who shall sell or
deliver any deadly poison, shall keep a book
in which shall be recorded the name and quan
tity of the poison sold or delivered, the person
to whom it was sold or delivered, and whether
such person was known to the vendor, and if
sot, the name ol tne responsible person upon
whose recommendation tbo same was sold
and the certificate of such person shall be
preserved. The said book of records shall at
all times be open to the inspection of the
Minister of tbo Interior or nis agent.
Sec. 3. The box, phial, or other package
in which any deadly poisons shall be sold or
delivered, shall bear a label containing tne
word " Poison," in large letters, both in the
English and Hawaiian language, together
with some emblematic device, to be approved
by tho Minister of the Interior, which shall
indicate the dangerous character ci toe article,
Sec. 4. Every licensed l'nvsician, iru:
cist, or Apothecary, who shall compound,
sell, or deliver any prescription containing
any poisonous drug, or substance deleterious
to human Iue, to be used as medicine, snail
enter upon his books said prescription written
out in full, with the date thereof, with his
own name appended thereto, or the name of
the Physician who prescribed tho same, and
the person to whom the same was delivered ;
and no such prescription shall be compounded,
sold, or delivered, unless the name of the
person compounding, selling, or delivering
the same, or the nime of the 1'hvsician pre
scribing tho same, bo appended to the pre
scription in full, and every such prescription
shall be preserved ; and said books and pre
scriptions shall be subject at all times to the
inspection of the Minister of the Interior or
Sec. 5. Any person violating the pro
visions of this Act shall forfeit a sum uot
exceeding one thousand dollars for each off
PUBLIC SCHOOL NOTICE.
The Board of Education having decided to
establish in Honolulu, a Day-School, for the
benefit of the English-speaking portion of the
community, and having, for that object, en
gaged the services of Mr. M. B. Bcckwith
and Miss Atherton, hereby give notice, that
such a school will be opened, on Monday, the
8th of March next ensuing, in tho basement
rooms of iort btrcet Church, where it will be
carried on, by permission of the Church Trus
tees, until a permanent and more suitable
building shall bo erected or provided by the
Board of Education.
In addition to tho ordinary English Branch
es, History, Algebra, Philosophy, Physiology,
and Vocal Music will be taught, whenever the
advancement of the pupils shall warrant the
same. And in order that the advantages of
the School may be brought within the reach
of all classes, the very low rate or rive vol
lars per term will be charged for tuition.
School hours, from 9 o'clock A. M., until 2,
o clock P. M., of each School day.
By order of the Board of Education.
W. Jas. Sxito, Sce'y.
Education Office, March 2, 1SG9.
VALUABLE REAL ESTATE FOR SALE.
The well-known premises at Makiki, for sev
eral years occupied by Miss Ogden for a boarding-school,
are now offered for sale by the
Hoard of Education, on very liberal termt.
For particulars, apply to
W. Jab. Sarin,
Secretary of the Board of Education.
Education Office, Feb. 23, 1S09.
Ox the outsido will be found the full debate
in the United States Senate, on the Resolution
to appropriate $50,000 for improving the month
of the harbor at Midway Island. It will well
repay reading, as a matter of cariosity, to
those who have, from time to time, heard much
of the place, daring many years. As we
have said in a former issue it is quite possi
ble to mako a harbor there, since money, if
there is enough of it, can do anything. Bat
years and millions of dollars would be required,
and then, how to support a population on a
low, barren sand bar utterly destituteof veg
etation, and swept by every wind of ocean
that is a problem difficult to solve. The entire
extent of the Island is only one mile and a
half long and three quarters of a mile wide.
Seward's Roads are exposed to westerly,
northerly and southerly winds, with a heavy
swell at almost all seasons of the year from
the northeast, and is very foul ground. The U.
S. S. Trigate Lackawanna lost an anchor here.
The prevailing wind, from February to No
vember, is easterly ; southerly to southwest
winds and gales prevail during November,
December and January, so that these Roads
can not be considered safe at any season of
' The entrance to the harbor is six cables
between the reef that is to say, 510 feet.
The clear channel is 860 feet. The harbor
of whatmay be called deep water, from five
to three fathoms is one and a quarter miles
east and west, and about the same north and
south. But the basin and landing axe very
bad the latter extending a long distance.
This basin is fall of pits, or overfalls, with
many knolls of coral, on which there are only
two and a half fathoms of water. Every
one here" knows what excavating coral nnder
water is, and will readily indorse the idea set
forth above, that years of time and millions
of dollars would be requirt I
The Honorable Senate Jjr, in the course
of his remarks thinks that the Midway Islands
will afford "a key as he expresses it, mili
tarily speaking, "to the navigation of the
Pacific," and proceeds to observe :
"If we go twelve hnndred miles south to
Honolulu we are under a flag that is unable
to protect us, and we are prohibited by law
from protecting ourselves within certain limits
of its territory."
The Honorable Senator did not think that
the same law to which he alludes as prohibit
ing one from protecting himself, prohibits
others from attacking him ; and if attacked,
there is no law that prohibits defense. But
this is, probably, a rhetorical flourish, which
occurred to him on the spur of the moment.
Supremo Court In Admiralty.
Kcon! Ailama, ct alii, vs. Frank Molteno, ct
al. Before Chief Justice AIIcd, in Cham
bers. This is a libel in personam against the own
ers of the schooner Sctlie ilerrOl, for salvage.
The libellants, who were tho first and second
mates, and four seamen, allege that they were
attached to the schooner, and that she was a
regular packet running between the port of
Honolulu and the ports of Koloa and Wai
mea, Island of Kauai, and that George W.
Kinney was master; they further allege, that
on the ICth of June, 1SGS, they sailed on
board of said vessel for Koloa and Waimca,
and safely arrived at the latter port; on the
20th, the schooner left, on her return, as they
supposed, for the home port, In the usual
course of their coasting business. But they
soon perceived that the vessel was kept on
the course of S. S. , which was not in the
direction of Honolulu, but nearly opposite
When It was near sundown on that day, the
captain called one of the libellants, who was
the mate of the vessel, to bis cabin, and said
to him that he did not intend to return to
Honolulu with the vessel, but was going to
run away with her to Manila, and that if he
and the rest of the crew would aid him in
this, they should each have seventeen dollars
per month, and one hundred dollars on ar
rival at Manila, and if they refused he would
shoot them, and that he was well armed ; the
mate was intimidated and feigned an assent
to the proposition, after which, he called
the men and made known to them the pro
position of the master, to which they assent
ed, as they allege, through fear of violence.
Soon after, however, they consulted together
and agreed upon some plan by which they
would overpower the master and secure him.
and thereby defeat his purpose. On Wcdnes
day morning, the 21st, the schooner having
been continued on the same course all night,
and the vessel being well out to sea, the master
came on deck, when the libellants seized him,
took from him his loaded pistol and bound
him hand and loot The vessel was then put
about by order of the chief mate, who as
sumed the command, and returned to the
port of Waimea and thence to Honolulu, and
restored the vessel to her owners. The libel
lantB allege that the schooner was worth
about eight thousand dollars, and that had it
not been for the exertion of the libellants in
seizing the master and depriving him of com
mand, and their extraordinary fidelity In re
sisting the temptation offered by the said
master, the schooner would have been en
tirely lost to the owners. The libellants
claim remuneration for the service as set
forth in the bill, in the nature of salvage.
The evidence fully sustains the allegations
In the libel, and the question arises, are ser
vices of this character, by the maritime law,
entitled to salvage 1 That they were meri
torious, no one can doubt ; but were they
not of such a character as their duty to them
selves as men, as well as their duty to their
owners, as seamen, imperatively required
them to perform.
The general principle of maritime law is,
that the crew cannot claim salvage, for it is
their duty to save the ship and cargo if pos
sible, and It would be against the code of
ancient and modern times as well as against
good sense, to tempt seamen to permit the
vessel to get into a position of extreme dan
ger, so that they might have the opportunity,
by extra exertion, to save her, tliat they might
claim salvage. The exception is, when the
contract Is at an end, either de facto, or by
operation oi law, or tuat me service is done
entirely out of the line of their duty. As an
illustration of the principle most favorable
to seamen. I will cite the case of the 21am
Hale, which was wrecked on the Bahama
coast. It appeared that the mate and four
seamen, at tnc request ot the master, had
crossed the Gnlf Stream in an open boat, and
in bad weather, a ditance of one hundred
and eighty miles, and in great peril to their
Jives, to Key west, to procure assistance to
take off the passengers and crew from the
wreck, and to save the cargo. They procured
assistance, by means of which, the passen
gers and cargo were saved. The Court ruled
tuat these services exceeded the duty they
owca to tue snip, ana cniiuca mem to salv
age. Marvin, on wreck and salvage,' 1CL
This case is more in favor of the seamen than
the leading cases which arc considered author
ity in England and the United States. The
X " 1 T T JM no. T T 1 .1 TJ J
2 Sprague'e Dec 144; the Blaireau, 2 Cranch,
mn. .1 - T Ti nut
--to; me Avon, iv iiw ncy., aw.
The counsel contend that this case Is anala-
Rous to that of a recapture from an enemy.
their contract bad terminated with the vessel
to which they were attached, by the capture.
and there is no pretense that thev were
obliged to hazard their lives in retaking the
property, ine iwo rncnas, i noo. Aam.
on. th Ttonvpr An "W". Willi.
Suffolk Ins. Co.. 3 Summer. 270: Clavton. vs!
ship Harmony, 1 Pet. Adm., TO. There seems
to be a distinction between the law of
England and the United states as to the
rights of the crew of a recaptured vessel.
Parsons says in a note in his second vol
ume of maritime law, that In England, the
crew may be entitled to salvage on recapture
as well as when the service is performed by
imiu ircreuub, uui ju luis uuuuiry. uue uni
ted States) it is certain that it is the duty of
tue crew to remain oy me vessel alter can-
tore, till condemnation. It would seem,
therefore, that they did no more than their
duty in recapturing the vessel. In a case of
capture, the officers and crew are overpow
ered by a superior force, the vessel is taken
and the crew imprisoned. Here the crew
were not imprisoned nor ovcroowered: ther
are uuiy lurcaicueu, uui nave ine puysicai
power to resist the criminal orders of the
The counsel further contend, that when
the captain avowed his intention to run
away with the vessel that the contract ol
the seamen with the vessel ceased. The
modes by which the contract with the sea
men may be dissolved arc, by the discharge
of the master, or the abandonment of the
vcsseL Neither of these events had trans
pired. The master asserted a right to the
vessel equal to the owners, and demanded a
service greater than they had shipped for,
and therefore, they had a right to resist such
a palpable deviation as he contetnnlated. and
would undoubtedly have been instilled in
leaving the vessel at any intermediate port,
even if he had been honest in his contem
plated voyage to Manila. But when the cap
tain disclosed his purpose to commit an act
of barratry and was already in the accom
plishment of it, the case became somewhat
anahtgous to a mutiny. Every seamen is
bound to behave in an orderly 'manner, and
to aid in suppressing mutinous conduct.
This arises from the principle that it Is their
dntv to their owners to prosecute the voyage
for Its legitimate purpose as well as to pre
serve tucir property.
In the case at bar, the first duty imposed
on them after the master's object was de
clared to tbcra, was to themselves. They
musienuer men join in me enmc ana aid
its accomplishment, or resist the master and
overpower him, and restore the vessel to the
owners; so that In doing the first duty, the
second followed. I hold that when a crime
is being committed on' board, it is the duty
of seamen and all others to stop it, although
it is being done by the master. The conduct
of a master docs not discbarge a seaman, but
rather imposes higher than ordinary duties
The case of the Gotrrnor Jlaffaes. 2 Dod. 14.
Is more analaguus to the case at bar than any
other cited. It was a case of salvage brought
by the carpenter and others of the crew, for
uat ing rcM-ucu toe tuip auu cargu irom some
Malay mutineers, who had risen on the mas
ter and taken possession of tbo property.
The ship was on a voyage from Batavia to
.London, Willi a crew consisting ot fourEu
ropeans, twenty-two native Portuguese, In
dians, Lascars and nineteen Malays. After
being out about six weeks, the Malays rose
upon the rest of the crew, and having killed
the gunner and a Portuguese atthe helm, and
one other Portuguese and four Lascars, and
severely wounding the mate and several of
the crew, drovu the rest below and kept pos
session ot me snip lor aooui one day and
half, when the libellants succeeded in u-ettln
on deck, and attacked the Malavs. knocked
three of them overboard, and drove the rest
below and fastened down the hatches upon
them. There was further serious difficulty
wim me jiaiays, out me iioeuants succeeded
in gaining possession of the ship and cargo,
and afterwards brought the Ehip to the port
of her destination.
Sir William Scott, in giving iudirment In
the case, said: "That he was uot aware of
any ease in which the Court had taken upon
iucii iu lusigii a reward ior services precisely
of this description. It has been said that no
exact definition of salvage Is given In any of
iue uuoks. i uo not Know mat it Das, and 1
should be sorry to limit it by any definition
now. But it appears to me, that It is the
oounacn duty ol tue crew to give any as
sistance in their power to prevent and quell
a mutiny, and to use their utmost exertions
to preserve or recover the possession of the
vessel ana goods ot their employers."
The learned Jnd"e held this rase imiW .id.
vlsement, to see if any precedents could be
produced, and as none were found, the suit
This case was tried more than a half-ecn
tury ago, and although t he commerce and nav
igation of tho world has very largely increas
ed, yet a case aualoirous to the Dresent. can
not be found in the books to sustain the
principles contended for by counsel for the
nueiiauis ; a mere penormance ot duty gives
uu ci&iiii ior salvage.
Tlllft Wflft nnt eiTtfltnlv ntcn nf n,t....
but it was an effort of the master to cause
me iiDeiiauts to aid him in running away
with a vessel, and convert her to his own
It was a criminal offense and it forced the
men either to resist the master, and take the
vessel or co-operate with him. Having stat
ed his intentions and being engaged at the
time in carrying them into effect by putting
the vessel ou a course for the port to which
ue torn mem ne was uouna, and in a direc
tion nnnnslt,. tr lii-r li,lf imnt Tnatt.i.tinn
they must cither acquiesce and aid him in
his wrong doing, and thereby become par
ticiples criminls or resist his wicked purpose
and take the vessel from him and restore her
to her owners. .No man is entitled to salv
age for not joining in a crime, and if he aids
me master directly or indirectly in carrying
out his criminal purpose he becomes impli
cated in the same crime.
Under the circumstances, this crew were
bound to disobey the master's orders to ren
der aid in takiug the vessel to Manilla, or
ueeuiue criminals memseives. salvage is
awarded for hazardous service in savinir ves
sel and cargo, performed by seamen not con
nected with the vessel but an omission to ren
der it involves no criminal neglect, but iu the
case at bar an acquiescence with the master's
views,unless overpowered by superiorforce.is
in fact a co-operation in the crime itself. To
resist the efforts of others to make one commit
a crime is not a matter of reward. It may
have merit, but not such as entitles to com-
Eensation as salvage. But Is said that the
ihellants not only did not co-operate but
iuvj uj, ui; cAcitisi, ui energy ana courage,
overpowered the master and took the vessel
from his command and delivered her to the
owners. One course or the other they must
umc, cuuer iu am iue master in nis criminal
purpose or to resist him. The situation was
a trying one but still their course was nlnln
from the fact that the master had declared to
them bis purpose to runaway with the vessel,
and demanded their co-operation by threats
stimulated by the offer of money, and in pnr-
Duautc ui ma uui-iurcu purpose naa put his
vessel on the course of his proposed voyage.
Hence the course and duty of the seamen
was clear. They Incurred no hazard in resis
ting the master, for his criminal purpose was
manifested by his own declarations and more
conclusively Dy his acts In accordance with
them. It was not a case of doubt. The
Libellants must either take the course thev
.j : .1 t, .. , j i .... . , .
uiu ui ueiuvuneu iu me crime, iucy had
not the apology that a Dorllon of tli
had joined the master and that resistance
was useless or uncertain In Its result. They
certainly had the physicial power to confine
the master without much personal hazard
and take the control of the vessel. A court
of Admiralty would not iustifv seamnn in
deposing the master by assuming control of
iue vessel umess iu a case, liKe me present,
where the purposes of the master Imth hr
declarations and acts were manifest. In a
doubtful case the court would not hold them
responsible for the acts of the master, for
iue, vi'uiu uul ou implicated in a criminal
co-operation. But iu this case there was a
threat and a bribe offered for their asslafcinon
In the crime. So, in my view, the argument
of the counsel that theseamcn incurred great
responsibility in resisting the master ntterlv
fails. It was a far greater rcsponsibilitv to
uuuc wuu iue uiusier in nis euon to run
away with the ves6eL
Reference has been madeto the Jlant tn
Abbotts 1, Adm. Rep. 270. This was a libel
oy me seamen to recover wacs. It annears
that the CreW Shlnnpil fnr n rnnmiln Kn
coast of Africa, and after arriving there they
uciiuiv eustiuuus iuul iue master intended
to employ me vessel in the slave trade.
AVhereupon they took possession of the vm.
sel, and after navigating her along the coast
to find an American cruiser, but without
success, under whose authority they propos
ed to place her. they brought her back to the
port of New York. The court say "that
the crew had a right to withdraw themselves
from connection with such a criminal enter
prise, and did no more nor less their duty in
saving to the owner his vessel by putting it
out of the power of the master to employ
lltl IU LUILi IUUUIUU6 JUfbUlU
It is only in extreme cases that the seamen
can interfere It must be Terv clear tn hie
mind from palpable facts that the master in
tends to commit a crime, or the inteference
on nis part win oe uicirai. it is dann-prnn
proceeding. By the maratime law a man ia
permitted to interfere by force to restrain or
prevent an omcer Irom committing a crime
In his presence or through his agency. It
will not be contended that a man Is entitled
to reward for not aiding in the commission
of a crime although tempted with great off
ers. The case is rendered more plausible
when duty is done on shipboard in resistence
to the master because his power is greater
then a master over his servants, and besides,
when at sea there is no authority to appeal
to for aid or protection. The right to sal
vage is formed on enlarged principles of pub
lic policy. In the case at bar the right cer
tainly cannot be sustained lor this reason,
to say that a man shall be rewarded for join
ing in the commission of a crime would be
incorporating a new principal into the mari
time code as antagonistic to sound morals
as to public policy. In this case the libel
lants did no more than their duty In the
spirit of the contract Sometimss men re
ceive gratuities for doing their duty gal
lantly, when nnder trying circumstances,
as must always be the case when seamen
take the responsibility of resist! tim m.
ter, and more especially in taking the com
mand of the vessel from him, bntthlsis a
matter altogether for the generous consider
ation of the owners. It is adjudged by the
Court that the libel be dismissed but in -view
of the peculiar circumstances of th
Messrs. Davis and Thompson for libellants
Mr. Stanley for respondents.
Feb. ICth 1S69. j
Mb. Editor: If there is anything yonr
correspondent prides himself upon. It is upon
a certain mildness oi expression, when
speaking of matters of public interest. Ton
can therefore Imagine the severe shock suf
fered by him, at seeing his communication
on the labor question, published In the
Gazette of the 17th ulL, characterised by
yonr 'gentle spoken" friend of the. Itiirrti
atr as "vituperative and malignant." As
yon may well Imagine, your correspondent
was not a little demoralised by the stern re
buke he received from your contemporary;
and, it being a consequence of such demora
lisation, he begs not to be held too strictly
responsible for again reading the AdrertUer
to a considerable extent Not so much the
Adtertker of the past month, or even the
past year, but "away back " back so far as
to have passed entirely out of the memory of
the headlong and impetuous individual who
"does" the high moral and affcctingly sen
timental, for what has been irreverently
termed "Our Watch Dog;" otherwise un
doubtedly he would apologise for, and ex
plain the apparent inconsistency of his pres
ent position on Immigration Coolies,
and Chinese, with his views, upon the
same subjects, In jcars past Every
one knows the promptness and can
dor of your friend, In apologizing when
found in error, and the satisfactory man
ner. In which he explains away his ap
parent inconsistencies. It is true his expla
nations arc not always very logical, but they
have the advantage of affording amusement
by their absurdity, or ingcuuity. There can
not, in fact, be any doubt, that no unneces
sary time will be allowed to pass, before we
hear an explanation which will, fully reconcile
the sentiments expressed in 1SCG and '07 with
the high the very high moral and philau
throplc sentiments of 18C9. We may ex
pect to Bee proven to the satisfaction of the
most sceptical, that the Adiertistr has all
along been the Moses ol the poor, oppressed,
deceived, illegally held and withal, Gentle
Coolie. It should always be recollected that
6aid deceit, oppression and illegal holding has
been rendered possslble by that monster, the
constitution of '64.
It may be Interesting, if not amusing to
yonr readers to have presented, in a compact
form, some of the expressions of sentiments.
of this pink of politeness, who characterizes
his neighbors, as "ignoramuses and knaves,"
and as it would be irksome, and perhaps im
possible for them to hunt them np, I, having
a little time to spare, and an anxious de
sire to be of use to my fellow citizens, have
taken some pains to look them np, that they
may be compared with those which we are
now favored with from the same source.
"The spirit of the age" seems to have
"pervaded" your friend all along. That
" aggressive spirit of the age" which repels
all restraint upon the liberty of the subject,
(not much.) But, that which repels the re
straint put upon some people, by the law of
common sense and a regard for the fitness of
things which demands that men shall be
truthful and consistent in their opposition,
seems to have " pervaded " your friend to a
much greater degreo than has the spirit of
truth, of consistency, of patriotism, or even
of that wild and romantic love, which he,
from time to time expresses, towards the
Sovereign and the people of this Kingdom.
Let ns now proceed to give the views of this
profound expounder of International law pa
triot, statesman and political moralist; and
trace If possible the gradual, the almost
imperceptible degrees, by which he has ar
rived at the platform, with FLOUlt flakes,
which he now says he occupies.
The act to provide for the Importation of
laborers and for the encouragement of immi
gration is a good one and is amply sufficient
to provide all the lalior necessary, be it from
India, China, Europe or anywhere else."
P. C. A. Feb. 21st 1SG5.
" It is better that the Government should
take this matter (the introduction of labor
ers) in band, to avoid the possibility of abuse
and malpractice; though, as Sir Rowland
Hill 6aid of the British Postal System, it
might be done more promptly by private en
terprise." P. C. A. Feb. 2Sth 1SC5.
It will be seen from the above that the val
uable support of the Advertiser was apparent
ly, cordially given to the "Act" and also to
the "immigration scheme" at tho time
when the "Act" was passed and the Board
of Immigration first established.
" We profess to be advocates of equality as
far as human riglits are concerned, and would
not deprive the most degraded coolie of the
protection of the law. We would treat them,
as we would the lurglart, IMevet and murder
ers of the most favored nations, but we doubt
the policy of placing them on the same moral
level, as the higher and more civilized na
tions of the earth."
P. C. A. Aug. 25th 1S66.
One wor.ld think, from the above that tbo
editor of the Advertiser did not admire
" Coolies." Strange as it may appear how
ever, a little less than two months after the
date of the above, in commenting upon the
arrival of another "lot of Coolies;" he
seems to think much of them, even consider
ing them superior to the Ilawaiians.
"In the course of a few years it is not un
likely that the Chinese element will by immi
gration and intermarriage, outnumber the
pure natives, and thus a new and superior
stock will supplant the old race."
P. C. A. Oct 20th 1600.
"The Coolies cost the planter according to
this table $114,05 each (per year.) On some
other plantations, the yearly cost ranges from
$130 to $140 per man. The two Norwegian
laborers ccst on an average $150 per year."
P. C. A. 3Iay 25th 1SCT.
From the above it would seem that one
great objection to Chinese labor was that it
was too expensive. They are now working
nnder the same contracts as then, though
the wages seem too small now, according
to the same authority.
"The great objection of the Chinese Coolie
is that after his Ehort term of service bos ex
pired, he rarely engages on any terms or iu
any vocation. He leaves his employer and
seldom follows any business that makes him
valuable member of the community. On
the contrary, he becomes an idle wandering
vagabond, if not a candidate for the chain
gang. Some legal provision must be made
to meet the case of these coolies if any more
of them are imported. A law will be re-
qnired compelling them to re-engage, in ser
vice for a term of years, or to return to their
own country, or enter into the government
public service if found leading a vagabond
life, as hundreds of them are now."
P. CL A- May 25th ISO".
"The- above is not advocating a " modified
system of slavery." There's no "modified"
abont it. It's the "clean thing," the original,
the unmodified monster. Yonr correspon
dent would like to be informed if a law, snch
as the one proposed above, would have been
constitutional, under the Instrument ot 1852.
ne is certain that the Involuntary servitude
clause of the Constitntion of 1SG4, would
make snch a law void. Let it be borne in
mind that the "Graves' Coolies" were the only
ones, which had worked out their time, or
at least that none ol those Introduced nnder
the auspices of the Board of Immigration
bad done so, and the above extract will not
seem very complimentary to them, though
they are now held np as bright examples of
the resnlt of private enterprise.
"The Japanese Coolies, imported by the
Scioto have all been takcu np for domestic or
plantation service, and most of them have
begun their three years labors. The
service term of three years is too short alto
gether. If they can be secured for five or six
years just as well, as Is alleged, they would
be much more valuable as house servants or
laborers, and we hope that any future en
gagements will be for a longer period.
P. C. A. Jnne 27th ISCS.
It is evident from the above, that your
neighbor is not in favor of limiting the term
of service to one year. The present views of
the "Independent press" must be fresh in
your memory, so that yon can easily compare
and reconcile the views of the past with
those of the present
No one can read the above interesting
extracts without being convinced of the sin
gleness of purpose, the coustancy, the exal
ted patriotism, and the wise and ever watch
ful philanthopy of the "independent press
There Is no side of this labor question that it
has not enlightened by Its advocacy. It has
not been trammeled by any fixed principles,
on this question, any more than on any other,
but has left Itself quite free to follow the iin
pulse of the moment, and given those who
contributed to its columns a better opportu
nity to gratify their animosity towards the
Personal of this government Your corres
pondent at the risk of again being called
vituperative and malignant, will repeat that
it appears to him that much of the opposi
tion of the " independent pres" to important
measures proposed by the government, does
not arise from any conviction of the bad
policy of such measures, but from a ranco
rous and malevolent spirit of opposition to
the members of the government. It also
appears that those who manage the " inde
pendent press" do not hesitate, while some
times expacssing by the lips the utmost loy
alty to the sovereign, and the greatest inter
est in the welfare of this kingdom, to pursue
a course subversive of what is for the best
interest of both.
I have said that I felt shocked at having
my article, characterized as "vituperative
and malignant," but yet as I walked abroad,
under cover of my incognito, I sometimes
had my feelings soothed, by hearing my fel
low citizens speak commendatorily of my
little effort, and characterize it very different
ly, and even the "editor" himself likewise,
unconsciously, poured a balm into the wound
be made, by attributing my effusion to a
Ministerial pen, and enabled my fancy to
revel for a moment, in future possibilities.
A FltlEND OF TUE PEOPLE.
Mr. Editor, A desire to correct a wrong
impression, and to relieve any person inter
ested in the ship King Fhillip, from the ne
cessity of "hawking" a certain bill against
the aforesaid ship around the streets, is my
apology for asking you to give space for the
following bill and statement of facts.
It Is usually nnderstood that the duties of
firemen arc ended when the fire is extin
guished, nud their apparatus returned to the
house. In the case of the Kiwi ThSUip It
was deemed necessary to pumn the water
out of her hold, after the tire was out, con
sequently one of the engines was left for that
purpose, by the Chief Engineer, nnder the
superlntendance of two firemen, with the
understanding that all expenses, connected
with this work, would be borne by the ship.
During the progress of the fire, which lasted
about eleven hours, an effort was made to
get some refreshments for the firemen, which
resulted in a tew Dottles or gin, said to have
come from the cabin of the ship but,
those of the firemen who had the pleasure
oi a snine ai it, tesuncu mat it strongly resem
bled aquafortis, kerosene or some other de
coction known only to tho trade. The efforts
in this direction not being very satisfactory,
orders were sent np town with better success.
A few days after, when the apparatus, dam
aged iriffe nunminv out tlie shirt after the tire.
had been repaired, the Chief Engineer direct
ed the Secretary to put all the bills, including
those for refreshments, into one account, and
present the same, with the vouchers if neces
sary, to me agent or the ship, thlnkinir that
as usual in such cases, those interested In
me vessel would pay any expense that the
firemen were subjected to while laboring for
their benefit. The bill was presented to
gether with the vouchers by the secretary of
iue uepanmeui, ana as ue was told tuat the
bill alone was sufficient, he retained the
vouchers. At a meeting of thn Hnnrrl nf
rtepresentaiives of the Department, a copy
of the bill was read, and it was reported that
the captain and agent of the ship bad indus
triously hawked tho bill among the business
community as a curiositr. and misrenrcnent.
ing it in snch a manner, that, at last, some
well meaning individuals bad begun to re
gard it as thev would one of Pre t. Miller1
paleontologlcal specimens, whose purpose
unu uuciiuj' una ftnun n ouiy lo me mOKCr,
notwithstanding the assurance In the first
place that the vouchers or any explanation
were uunccefcsary. n was likewise reported
that the curionsity was considered sufficient
ly singular to warrant its exhibition to the
American Consul, but he, not apparently
appreciating it as highly as they had flattered
themselves its merits demanded, they carried
it to the Attorney General, and still fiilllno-
to awaken official curiosity, but convinced!
nevertheless, that they had found a marc's
nest oi no mean proportions, they backed It
off to the Minister of Interior, and in all
probability would have sent it hr trlf.rr-ni,!,
to the United States, If there had only been
a branch wire here. Of the loss sustained by
the ship, estimated at $20,000, we heard lit
tle or nothing, but the disappearance of two
codfish and five bottles of aquafortis, marked
gin, from the ship's locker was deeply de
plored. Alter hearing the various reports on
the snbicct. the department unanimously
adopted resolutions sustaining the Chief in
hl3 action in the matter, and ordered the bill
to be published, that all might knowofit,
and of the difficulties and objections to pay
ing it and that it is expected by the liberal
gentleman, in charge of the ship, that men
should work all night for their benefit and
Ship King rhUtip la On Honolulu Fin Department
For repairs ou Fire Apparatoj dam&ced while narnrv
In.mit . V ! .. .. tl .1 p.
.."-,' t . UI, CUV
Am'tofbill Honolulu Iron Varfe Co.S31 0
Anxxint of John Xott t Co 400
Amount of J V Hughes '. 11 Jo
For refreshments for Firemen daring the Fire
Am't of bill Mechanic Jfo 2 75
Am'ttf mi Royal Hotel 21 00
For am't Mid tor boat Lire
For ain't of J T Charter's Mil for lopcr-
iuicuuiu i i'nm uup ana returning
Total fus 25
C. T. Gciicr.
Columbia Eiver Salmon
OF THE CATCn OP 1868
In barrels and half barrels.
For Sale by f l-3m B0LLES 4 CO.
rRASK BBOWX. GODrOKT BBOWX.
BROIVIV Sc. CO.,
IMPORTERS & WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Wiaw, Spirits, Ah Portw, ic, Merchant St,
Jt. C. CRALLAMEL. X. A. BLCVE.
Clt.Vl'.IWIES t CO..
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN "WINES,
SpirlU, Alee, it. So. 8, Nunann Street, oppoeite
Merchant Street, Honolulu. '-'7
TTONPIKE ST0BE CHOICE GBOCEBIES,
Corner of yonanu Jt Pauoa Taller Bonds. VMy
Dry Green Paint,
EOIt SALE BY
L. L. TORBERT.
ALL PERSONS having nny claims
against the Estate of S. P. X0HE.V, de
ceased, are requested to present them to the
undersigned within six months from date, or
thoy wiU be forever barred.
A. F. JUDD,
Honolulu, April Cth. 1868. 12-t
THE UNDERSIGNED, Executorof
tho Will of tho late HERMANN HILLE-
BRAND, hereby notifies all parties indebted
to the Estate of the said deceased, to make
immediate payment to him, and all parties
having claims against the said Estate, are
berebv notified to present the same, duly au
thenticated and with the proper vouchers, if
any exist, within six months from mis date,
or they will be forever barred.
Honolulu, April 7th, 1S69. 12-U
THE UNDERSIGNED, Assignees
of C. H. LEWERS, hereby request all
persons holding any claims against the said
C. II. Lewers, to present the same before the
C. BREWER 4 CO.,
W. L. GREEN.
Honolulu, April 5th. 1S69. 12-2t
WHEREAS, HATFIELD 4 MARKLE,
of Hanalei, Kauai, made an assignment
of their property to me, the undersigned, on
the 25th day of February, 1S09, 1 hereby no
tify all persons having claims against said Es
tate to present the same forthwith, and all
persons indebted, to make immediate pay
ment. DUNCAN McBRYDE,
Wahiawa, Kauai, Feb. 25, I860, I2-ft
Supreme Court of Hawaiian
TO JAMES C. KING, A. S. DALZELL
and H. LEIDING, lately doing business
in tho City of San Francisco, State of Califor
nia, under tho firm name and style of J. C.
King & Co., Greeting:
You are hereby commanded by order of the
Honorable Elisha II. Allen, Chief Justice of
the Supreme Court, in case you shall file writ
ten answer before the FIFTH DAY OF JULY
NEXT, to be and appear' before the said
Court, at the July term thereof, to be holden
at Honolulu, in the Island of Oahu, on Mon
day, the fifth day of July next, at nine o'clock
A. H., to show cause why the claim of Charles
Luling and William Toel, doing business in
the City and State of New York, under the
name and style of Charles Luling 4 Co.,
Plaintiffs, should not be awarded them pur
suant to their complaint now on file in the
office of the Clerk of this Court, wherein they
claim of you, the' Defendants, the sum of
Thirty Thousand Dollars, for money had and
received to their uso. And tue said i'laintiBs
further set forth, that Messrs. II. Hackfeld 4
Co., of Honolulu, are In possession of certain
goods and effects of the Defendants, and pray
for process of this Court to cite them as trus
tees of the Defendants, to appear on or before
the aforesaid fifth day of July.
And proof having been made to the satis
taction of the said Ubicf Justice that the De
fendants are not now resident in this King
dom, summons Is ordered, to be made by pub
lication, as by tho statuto in such case pro
Clerk of Supreme Court.
Honolulu, March 23d, 1869. 12-3m
LIST OP LETTKItS
REMAINING IN THE POST OFFICE,
Honolulu, April 1st, 1S69.
KImo, Piliksne 2
Allen, A I) KamaJhul
Anitln, W A
Loagee, J B
Lodz. C J 3
IUrtlioloniew, W Wallace
llentley, .buirtn I.
Blabon, M VT
Brownwell, Allen F 2
Brodie, W D 4
Burghtr, O II
BackllD, II O
Brick, Geo A
Latnrope, j n
Loocee. John T
Martin, Richard SI
Mann. Mrs J
Mawn, MIsn Eunice
Canrar, Prince W
Crandall, W B 2
CleaveUnd, I) U 2
Coleman, O W
Crowtll, J M
ColBn, C W
Cooper, W F 2
Drew, Francis D
DatlJ, II S
Davis, Soloman 2
Dibble, Andrew B
Dowci, W II
Drake, David It S
Noble, Mrs TN
O'Reilly, Rev Patrick 2
Parker. V 2
Park. Tbomai R
Pierre, Frank A
Proctor, Fred'k W
Paxton. John A
EMriJge, Cift Henry '.
Fuller, Nathaniel L.
Ferrier, W U
(Jwriu, H 11
GardLer, Nathan L
Gardaer, C W
OitTord, Join n
Green, Junes &
Iiarper, James J
Iloxie, IlenrT M 3
Iledden, R II K
Honey, Capt It
Hi ne, Charles
Robinson, Capt 00 3
Riley, Thonaa E
Relder. Carl IV
Ropert, Rev Got tare
Saner, Adam 2
Sherman, Horace 2
Seeiey, Henry M
Seymour, W B
Shoemaker, Jackaon B
Squirts, Z O
Spalding, Geo II
Tniloch, J B
WlUiami. William 2
William, IV B
Wilaon, C R
Wilson, Chas L
Wrljflit, P L
Wbalon, Ottevn R
Walter, Jamea H
Jernegan, Chas W 4
Jenningi, Lotham 1
Johnaon, Jams II
Person calling for
the ahore letters, will plea
A. P. BRICK WOOD,
A Large BOAT, such aj used by schooners
for taking off freight. For sale by
10-lra WALKER It ALLEN.
The A 1 Hawaiian Clipper Bark
K A MO!. M
II. OARRRI.S, .... Matter,
Will have DISPATCH fr the above port.
For freight or passage, apply to
II. HACKFELD & CO.,
For Portland. Oregon,
And Victoria. B. C.
The A 1 British Brig
ia Robert Cowan.
GARDIXBR, .... Matter,
Will have IMMEDIATE DISPATCH for
the above port. For freight or passage, apply
to THEO. II. DA VIES,
CALIFORNIA. OREGON AND MEXICO
San Francisco and Honolulu Line.
The Company's Splendid A 1 Steamship
WILL RUN REGULARLY BETWEEN
Honolulu and San Francisco.
as m-'cal Ho-roLtic. sax rA3'cq koolcic.
Mon. April S Thr. April savv-d'y J. sLt. Arrll 1?
Wed. Stay II Prid. M.y 3 Thn. J.nlofenn. jF S
Thr. June 17 jafy July ajrrld. July teuton. Jnn.23
Shipments per .Steamer.
CarS? fo' Sau Francisco will be receiTed
at the Steamer's Warehouse, and receipts for
the same given by the undersigned. No
charge for storage or cartage. Fire risks in
Warehouse not taken by th Company.
Insurance guaranteed at lower rates than by
sailing vessels. Particular care taken of ship
ments of Fruit.
All orders for Goods to be purchased in San
Francisco, will be received and filled by return
Sy-Shipmenta from Europe and the United
States, intended for these Islands, will be re
ceived by the Company in San Francisco, if
consigned to them, and be forwarded by their
Steamers to Honolulu, rats or cuaroc, ex
cept actual outlay.
SEg-Passengers are requested to take their
tickets before 12 o'clock on the day of sailing
and to procure their Passports.
All bills against the Steamers must be pre
sented before two o'clock on the day of sail
ing, or they will have to lay over tilt the re
turn of the Steamer for settlement.
H. HACKFELD 4 CO.,
HAWAIIAN PACKET LINE.
For San Francisco.
-5v The following First-CIassVes-
sels will run regularly in the
i. c. aiuiuiAY,
For Freight or Passaze. havinir SuDerior
Accommodations for Cabin and Steerage Pas
sengers, apply to
WALKER 4 ALLEN,
1-3 m Agents.
For Hilo antfjnomea, Hawaii.
Will run as a regular packet to the above
ports. For freight or passage apply to
l-3ui WALKER & ALLEN, Agents.
For Hilo and Kaupakuea, Hawaii.
Will run as a regular packet to the above
ports, touching at LAHAINA. Forfrelght or
passage apply to
WALKER 4 ALLEN,
For Nawiliwili, Kauai.
THE CLIPPER BCnoOXER
H A T T I E,
Carrying the Hawaiian Jfail teithout Suliidtf
Will Leave Honolulu Every Saturday,
at Four o'clock v. v., Returning, will leave
Nawiliwili every Tuesday afternoon.
For Freight or Passage apply to
l-3m D. FOSTER CO.
Regular Packet for Lahaina.
5L. Schr. Kamaile,
UALLISTEIl, .... Captain,
Will run as a regular packet between Hono
lulu, Lahaina and Molokai, touching at ICa
unakakai and Pukoo. For freight or passage
apply to the Captain on board or
l-3m II. PRENDEROAST, Agent
Licences Expiring in April, 1869.
RETAIL Oahu. Honolulu, 1st M. 31eln
erney, 24th Apo, 1st D. F. Ehlers, 2Cth S.
Maguire. 18tb A. Siders, lit II. Dimond, lith
H. Mclntyre, 26th Moss man and Son, 1st W.
Fisher. Maui Lahaina, JOth B. W. Brown,
Cth E. Jones, 15th W. O. Needham : liana,
10th Asa Hopu ; Makawao, 14tb N. F. Sayer,
30th Davis t Genet ; Wailokn, 16th KepoikaL
Hawaii Waimea, 17th C. Notiey ; Kona.SOth
Apanahana ; Kalloa, 30th Ah lion ; Hlln, 3d
Ahlie A Co. Kaoai Hanapepe, 22d Chulan
Brothers : Nlumalu, 20th Akatnu ; Koloa, 23d
Alai & Co ; Moloaa, 14th Bertlemann ; Wai
mea, Cth Alae.
WHOLESALE Honolulu, 17th H. Hack
feld A Co.
AUCTION Honolulu, 13th E. P. Adama.
PLANTATION Maui, 10th Ifliku Plan
tation. VICTUALLING Hawaii Hilo, 20th
BUTCHER Oahu Honolulu, 7th W. C.
PUBLIC SHOW Lahaina, Maui, Beasser.
116 DAYS FB0BE BEEMEN.
Kegs of Crushed Sugar,
Swiss Cheese, Dutch Edam Cheese,
Bologna Sausages a iup'r article.
Tins of VanOU Chocolate,
Demijohns of Sago, do. Split Peas,
Zante Currants, in 12 S tins.
Citron Peel, in 10 E lira.
Cases Olive Oil, in qts and pU,
Baity 4 Co'i iPicUes, ' "
Batty i Co's Pie Fruits,
Batty 4 Co's Table Vinegar,
Batty i. Co't Chill Vinegarj
Cases Sardines, i and I boxes.
For Sale Low, at
H. E. MeTNTTBE Jt BRO.,
8-4t No. 47 k 100, cor. Fort 4 King Sts.
A fnnerior kt of LEATHER RET.TTVfl
trom i to 8-inch, for sale by
lO-Im WALKER 4 ALLEN.